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Full text of "Official and statistical register of the state of Mississippi"

REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



THE 



Official and Statistical Register 



OP TJEHQ 



STATE OF MISSISSIPPI 



CENTENNIAL EDITION 
1917 



BY 

DUNBAK ROWLAND. LL. D. 



DIRECTOR 

Department of Archives and History; Member American Historical 
Association; Secretary Mississippi Historical Society. 




Madison, Wis. 

Democrat Printing Company 

1917 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/officialstatisti02miss_0 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 513 

and poultry, drainage, sub-soiling, irrigation, sheep raising, wool and 
silk culture; to take part in the eradication of the cattle tick and to 
direct the distribution of tags for commercial fertilizers; to prepare 
a handbook dealing with mines, minerals, forest soil, climate, water, 
waterpower, flowers, fisheries, streams, etc. 



OFFICE OF COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE AND COMMERCE. 

Comm issioner P. P. Garner 

Assistant Miss Louise Craxe 

Assistant G. C Carothers* 

Assistan t . , S. M. Thoitas 

Clerk , " Miss Mazie Day 

1567976 

Henry Edward Beakeslee 

Henry Edward Blakeslee of Jackson, ex-Commissioner of Agriculture 
and Commerce of the State of Mississippi, was born November 22, 
1866, at Pine Grove, Benton County, Miss. He is the son of Charles 
Thomas Btekeslee and wife, Mattie (Klyce) Blakeslee. Charles Thom- 
as Blakeslee was a native of Ashtabula County, Ohio, removing to 
Tennessee in 1854. He rendered faithful service as a soldier in the 
Thirteenth Tennessee Regiment, Vaughn's Brigade, during the Civil 
War, and after the surrender removed to Mississippi, where he en- 
gaged in farming. 

Commissioner Blakeslee was reared on a farm and attended the pub- 
lic schools of Mississippi. He acquired a common school education, 
and though he did not attend college, his educational equipment was 
such that at the aee of twenty-five he easily entered the newspaper 
profession, in which he* rapidly advanced. He edited newspapers at 
New Albany from 1891 to 1901; was at Tupelo in 1902, after which he 
was made Superintendent of the State Capitol Grounds at Jackson, 
1904 — 5. He was appointed Commissioner of Agriculture and Com- 
merce May 1, 1906, and in 1907 was elected to the office for the regular 
term; was re-elected in 1911, and is now entering upon his third term, 
1916—20. 

Mr. Blakeslee has filled his position as Commissioner of Agriculture 
and Commerce with marked ability and has filled a department of 
much value to the State. He has widely advertised the State's agri- 
cultural resources and has used much energy in awakening interest in 
the advantages to be found here by homeseekers. He resigned in 1916 
to accept the position of Director of the Mississippi Centennial Exposi- 
tion and was succeeded by P. P. Garner. 

33— m 



0-14 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

Mr. Blakeslee is a Democrat and was a delegate to the National 
Democratic Convention of 1S96 and 1900. He is a member of the Meth 
odist Church South, and belongs to the fraternal orders of Masonry, 
Templar and Shriners, Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias, and Woodmen 
of the World. 

On January 10, 1895, he was married to Jennie Crockett Mothers- 
head. Mr. and Mrs. Blakeslee have five children, Car ie Cappleman, 
Lewie Crockett, Anna Vardaman. Henry Edward, and Marie Virginia. 



REVENUE DEPARTMENT 

OFFICIAL DUTIES OF THE REVENUE AGENT. 

The Revenue Agent is charged with the following duties. To collect 
post due and unpaid taxes by suit or otherwise, to sue for damages for 
the violation of public contracts; to examine the books, accounts ana 
vouchers of all fiscal offers of State, county or municipality; to make 
additional assessments of property of individuals or corporations not 
properly assessed; to settle monthly with the Treasurer; to notify 
the Governor of the embezzlement of public funds; to retain 20 per 
cent on all amounts collected and turned over by him. (Code of 1906, 



OFFICE OF REVENUE AGENT. 

Revenue Agent S. V. Robertson 

Deputy ' W. H. Cook 

Deputy M. H. Moore 

Deputy Gerard Braxdox 

Deputy G. C. Robertson 

Deputy .- * C. B. Ross 



STOKES VERNON ROBERTSON. 

Stokes Vernon Robertson of Jackson, State Revenue Agent of Mis- 
sissippi, was born July 26th, 1881, Williamsburg, Covington County, 
Miss., and is the son of George Carson Robertson and Mattie Adaline 
Holcomb of Hattiesburg, Forrest County. Miss. George Carson Robert- 
son was a member of the Board of Aldermen of the City of Hatties- 
burg two terms, and was for twelve years Justice of the Peace of 
Perry County, Miss. He was the son of Frank Robertson and wife, 
Lou Robertson of Williamsburg, Covington County, Miss, 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 515 

Stokes. Vernon Robertson's mother, Mattie Adaline Holccmb, was 
the daughter of Levi Holcomb and wife, of Williamsburg, Covington 
County, Miss. His paternal ancestors were of Scotch descent and 
came to Mississippi from Georgia. 

Mr. Robertson was educated in the public schools of Mississippi 
and was graduated from the High School of Hattiesburg in 1898. He 
entered the University of Mississippi in 1901 and finished with the 
degree of Bachelor of Science in 1905. He took Freshman and Soph- 
omore medals for oratory and represented the University in the -Inter- 
collegiate Oratorical Association, in 1904, winning the second prize. 
He also won the Senior Debater's medal in the Hermean Literary So- 
ciety in 1905, and received a medal at the Crystal Springs Chau- 
tauqua, the same year. He studied law at home and was admitted to 
the bar in 1907, immediately beginning his practice at Hattiesburg 
Mr. Robertson represented Forrest County in the Legislature of 
1908-10-11, and was Clerk of the House of Representatives in the ses- 
sions of 1912-13-14. On November 1, 1915, he was elected State Revenue 
Agent. His friends regard him as a man of ability, interested in the 
moral and material uplift of the state. 

Mr. Robertson is a Democrat, and a deacon in the First Presbyterian 
Church of Hattiesburg. He is a member of the fraternal orders oi 
Woodmen of the World and Odd Fellows. 

On November 20th, 1907, he w T as married to Sudie Mason Burt, 
daughter of Dr. Paul S. Burt and Mamie Stainback Burt of Oxford, 
Miss. Mrs. Robertson is the grand-daughter of Dr. G. T. Stainback, a 
Cumberland Presbyterian minister. 

Mr. and Mrs. Robertson have one child, Stokes Vernon Robertson, 
Jr. 



RAILROAD DEPARTMENT. 

OFFICIAL DUTIES OF THE RAILROAD COMMISSION. 

The Railroad Commission is charged with the following duties: 
To hold monthly meetings and keep minutes of proceedings; to elect 
a secretary; to supervise common carriers, express companies, tele- 
graph, telephone and sleeping car companies operating in the State; 
to assess for taxation said corporations; to fix rates; to issue process 
for witnesses; to inspect roadbed and stations; to investigate acci- 
dents; to see that proper stations are provided and conveniently located. 
(See Code of 1906, Chapter 139). 



516 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 



RAILROAD COMMISSION. 

First District G . R. Edw\ar-,ds 

Second District F. M. Sheppard, Presi d*:nt 

Third District \y. B. Wilson 

Secretary j. G . Galceran 

Rate Expert : M. C. Moore 

Asst. Rate Expert T. C. Russell 



Francis Marion Sheppard. 

Francis Marion Sheppard of Richton, Miss., President of the Rail- 
road commission of Mississippi, was horn December 22, 1868, near 
Monticello, Lawrence County, Miss. He is the son of Augustus Wash- 
ington Sheppard and Permelia (Phillips) Sheppard of Monticello. 
His father was a Magistrate, a farmer, and a member of the State 
Guard during the Civil War. His parents were Thomas Sheppard 
and Nancy Sessions Sheppard of South Carolina. The family moved 
to Mississippi in 1819. and settled in what is now Perry County. They 
were among the progressive citizens of the ante-bellum period of the 
State and contributed freely to its development. 

Mr. Sheppard's mother was the daughter of Charles Philips and 
Cynthia Phillips of Covington County, Miss. He received his elemen- 
tary training from the public schools of Lawrence and Marion Counties 
and the High School of Lumberton, Miss. He later entered the Uni- 
versity at Louisville, Ky., and was graduated from its Medical Depart- 
ment, in 1893. From that date, he was a practicing physician in 
Wayne County and Waynesboro until 1901; in Laurel, Mis^., until 
1904; and in Richton, Miss., until 1910. He became a Representative 
of his county in the Legislature of 1896 and continued to hold that 
office until 1900; he was State Senator from 1900 to 1904; and in 
these positions he was always active in promoting all legislation that 
touched the best interests of his State. In 1910. he became Railroad 
Commissioner, which office he has filled with great ability, his present 
term expiring in July, 1920. He has been President of this Commis- 
sion since 1912. He has always been a patriotic and pub'ic-spirited 
citizen and during the Spanish-American War, in 1898, gave up his 
private and political affairs to become Surgeon in the First Mississippi 
Regiment of Volunteer Infantry, a service which continued until hos- 
tilities ceased and his regiment was disbanded. 

Dr. Sheppard is a Democrat; a member of the Baptist Churc\ and 
belongs to the fraternal orders of I. O. O. F., K. of P., B. P. O. E., and 
in Masonry he has been Past Master of Lodge and is a Chapter Mason. 



STATE OFFICIALS 




Wf*. *m 




W. A. MONTGOMERY 
Prison Trustee 



L. Q. STONE 
Prison Trustee, 3rd District 








J. F. THAMES 
Prison Trustee, 2nd District 



M. A. BROWN 
Land Commissioner 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS. OFFICES AND BOARDS 517 

In 1894, he was united in marriage to Miss Josie Best, daushter of 
Harbert Best and Elizabeth Best, of Henderson, Wayne County, Miss. 
Dr. and Mrs. Sheppard have three children: Edith, Zellein, and Allen 
Augustus. 



George Robert Edwards, Jr. 

George Robert Edwards, Jr., of McCool, Railroad Commissioner of 
the State of Mississippi, was born January 7, 1873, at Carthage, Leake 
County, Miss. He is the son of George Robert Edwards and wife. 
Emma (Colbert) Edwards. His paternal ancestors came from Georgia 
to Mississippi; his father was a soldier in Walthall's Brigade, and 
took part in the battles of Murfreesboro, Chickamauga and Lookout 
Mountain; was taken prisoner and confined at Rock Island, 111.; for 
sixteen months. 

Mr. Edwards obtained his early education at Carthage High School 
and at French Camp Academy; attended the Southwestern Presbyter- 
ian University at Clarksville, Tenn., during the years 1890-91. 

He began life as a teacher in the common schools of Mississippi and 
taught for several years in Attala and Holmes Counties. He then 
learned stenography and reporting at Meridian, and from 1895 to 1903 
was Private Secretary of Hon. John Sharp Williams. He became Gov- 
ernor James K. Vardamann's Private Secretary, January 16, 1904, and 
held that post till November 1, 1906; was elected State Treasurer No- 
vember 5, 1907, and Railroad Commissioner, November 7, 1911. In No- 
vember, 1915, Mr. Edwards was re-elected Railroad Commissioner and 
he is at present in the performance of the duties connected with that 
office. Mr. Edwards has been one of the most successful men in the 
public life of Mississippi, having always maintained an unquestioned 
popularity with the people. 

Mr. Edwards is a Democrat; belongs to several Masonic organiza- 
tions, also Woodmen of the World, Knights and Ladies of Honor and 
the Farmers' Educational and Cooperative Union. He was married at 
McCool, June IS, 19 ft 3, to Nina Winter-, daughter of Calvin Jiles Win- 
ters and Nancy Margaret Winters. Mr. and Mrs. Edwards have one 
child, Margaret Ruth. 



PENITENTIARY DEPARTMENT. 

OFFICIAL DUTIES OF STATE PENITENTIARY TRUSTEES. 

The Trustees of the State Penitentiary are charged with th.-* follow- 
ing duties: To purchase supplies for the penitentiary; to sell all 
crops made on the State farms; to adopt rules and regulations for the 



518 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS. OFFICES AND BOARDS 

government of convicts and employes; to visit monthly each State 
farm and report in writing of conditions; to hold monthly m :etings; 
to pay into the treasury all money arising from the sale of farm prod- 
ucts; to report failure of duty of the Superintendent to the Governor; 
to investigate charges of misconduct of all convicts or employes. (See 
Code of 1906, Chapter 108). 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES STATE PENITENTIARY. 
(Code of 1906, Chapter 107, Sections 3589-3652.) 

President L . Q. Stone 

Trustee W. A. Montgomery 

Trustee j h. Thames 

Superintendent J. J. O'Keefe 

Secretary J. J. Coman 

Assistant Secretary ". Mrs. 0. M. Spickard 

Clerk John H. Rowan 



William Alexander Montgomery. 

William Alexander Montgomery of Edwards, Miss., Penitentiary 
Trustee for the State of Mississippi, was born October 18, 1844, at 
Davis Mill, Winston County, Miss., and is the son of Charles Warren 
Montgomery and Olivia (Feree) Moore. Charles Warren Montgomery 
was the son of William Montgomery and Rebecca Kincaid Montgomery, 
who removed from Columbia, S. Carolina, and settled at Edwards in 
Hinds County, Miss., after having lived a while at Starkville and in 
Winston County. He served in the Confederate army, being Quarter- 
Master. His father, William Montgomery was the son of Charles 
Montgomery, who was a soldier under General Marion and a native 
of Ireland. 

William Alexandpr Montgomery's mother was the daughter of Gen. 
William Moore and wife. B^tspy Moore of Tullahoma, Tenn. Gen. 
Moore was a captain in the Seminole War and carried the open 
wound of a poisoned arrow received in one of the battles. He was 
with Gen. Jackson in the War of 1812. Though very old, he raised the 
8th Tennessee Regiment for service in the Civil War. His son, W. L. 
Moore, was elected Colonel of this regiment and was killed at Mur- 
freesboro, Tenn., while leading his command in a charge, where sixty- 
nine per cent of the regiment were killed or wounded. He carried 
the Secession Ordinance of his State to Richmond, and filled many 
positions of trust for his county in connection with secession, being 
intensely patriotic. - ■ 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AXD BOARDS 519 

William Alexander Montgomery's early education was received at 
home under private tutors. He was prepared for the Sophomore 
Class at Union University of Murfreesboro, Tenn., where he was a 
student when the Civil War began. He served in Company A, 12th 
Mississippi Regiment in Virginia, having enlisted as a private. He 
was commissioned as Captain in March, 1S64. 

After the War, he attended law lectures at the Transylvana Uni- 
versity of Lexington, Ky. His father dying while he was at college, 
the son gave up his studies and took charge of the father's business, 
caring for his mother and younger brothers. 

Capt. Montgomery was admitted to the bar in Raymond, Hinds 
County, Miss., in 1868 and engaged in this profession until he was 
elected Trustee of the State Penitentiary in 1907. He was a member 
of the State Senate in 1S78; of the House of Representatives in 1898. 
He was made Colonel in the United States army in 1898 for the 
Spanish-American War, and was a Major commanding the citizen 
soldiery in 1875, during the Reconstruction period. 

Col. Montgomery is a Democrat; has served as Trustee of the State 
Penitentiary since 1908; is a member of the Baptist Church; and 
served for several years as Trustee of Mississippi College. He is 
Past Master and Past High Priest of the Masonic Lodge; Past Noble 
Grand of Odd Fellows; member of Knights of Pythias, and of Knights 
of Honor; is a Woodman of the World; and was Past Grand Cyclops 
of the Ku Klux Klan, during the days of Reconstruction after the 
Civil War. Col. Montgomery has been honored with the highest posi- 
tion in the State organization of United Confederate Veterans, an oi 
ganization in which he has always taken much interest. 

On December 23, 1868, he was married to Mella Deupree, daughter of 
Col. James Deupree and wife, Charlotte (Biggs) Deupree, of Browns 
ville, Hinds County, Miss. After her death, he married Bettie Henry 
of Edwards, daughter of Capt. Ben Wilkins Henry and Sue Randolph 
Henry, the latter being descended from Thomas Jefferson Randolph 
of Virginia. Capt. Ben Wilkins Henry was a son of Gen. Patrick 
"Henry of Brandon and a brother of Major Pat Henry of that place. 
Col. Montgomery s chiiaren by nis first wire are: PatricK Henry, 
Charles Warren, Mrs. Olivia (Montgomery) BU'dsong. Second wife's 
children are: William Alexander, Jr., and Wilkins Henry. 



. James Fraxklix Thames. 

James Franklin Thames of Mendenhall, Miss., Trustee of the State 
Penitentiary, was born January 3, 1S74, at Magee, Simpson County, 
Miss., and is the son of Richard Thames and Mary S. (Tuilos) Thames 
of Simpson County. W r hen about sixteen years of age, Richard 



520 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS. OFFICES AND BOARDS 

Thames enlisted as a substitute in the Confederate Army, in 1861. 
Later he enlisted regularly as a private in Co. F, 39th Miss. Regiment 
of Inf. and served until the close of the war. He was the son of 
Timothy Thames and wife, Martha Thames, of Simpson County, Miss. 
The Thames on immigrating to America first settled in the older south- 
ern states. Later they removed to Mississippi and were among the 
pioneer families of Simpson County. James Franklin Thames' mother 
was the daughter of John Tullos and Dorcas Tullos of Westville, Miss. 

Mr. Thames first attended the primary and high schools of Simpson 
County, and later the Sylvarena High School of Smith County. His 
college course was had in Harperville College. 

After leaving college, Mr. Thames occupied many positions of trust 
in the public service. He was Chancery Clerk of Simpson County 
from January, 1896 to 1912; Trustee of the Mississippi Penitentiary 
from the Southern District, from July 17, 1913, to date. 

Mr. Thames is a Democrat, being a member for six years of the 
Democratic Executive Committee of the Sixth Congressional District. 
He was also a member of the State Democratic Executive Committee 
from 1908 to 1912. 

He is a member of the Baptist Church, was superintendent of Sun- 
day School for a number of years, and is at present Deacon of the 
Baptist Church of Mendenhall, Miss. He is a Mason and Woodman 
of the World and served as Master of the Westville and Mendenhali 
Lodges; also, as Consul Commander of the Woodmen. 

In all these positions of public trust, Mr. Thames has proved capable 
and efficient and his services have been of great value to the State; 
few men in Mississippi have a stronger hold upon the people of their 
locality. 

On April 24, 1901, Mr. Thames was married to Mary Bishop, of W T est- 
ville, Simpson County, Miss. Mrs. Thames is the daughter of James I. 
Bishop and Mary Josephine Bishop. Her father was a Confederate 
soldier and served in the Fourth Regiment of Mississippi Cavalry, 
Company A., C. S. A. 

Mr. and Mrs. Thames have three children. James I. Thames. 
Mary D. Thames, and Frank Bishop Thames. 



Lucius Qcixcy Stoxe. 

Lucius Quincy Stone of Tupelo, Miss., President of the Board of 

Trustees of the Mississippi Penitentiary, was born November 11, 1872, 
at Tremont, Itawamba County, Miss. His father, John Henry Stone, 
was a native of Marion, Perry County, Alabama. From Alabama, 



STATE OFFICIALS 






S.T. 



Lm^JJ, i*mm 




W. F. BOND 
Superintendent of Education 



STOKES V. ROBERTSON" 
Revenue Agent 




HON". WILLIAM H. SMITH 
Ex-Superintendent of Education 



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F. M. SHEPFARD 




Railroad Commissioner 





EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 521 

he removed to Tremont, Miss., where he still resides. He is the son 
of Delmus Johnson Stone and Pamelia Ann Stone, who removed to 
Tremont from the State of Alabama. 

Lucius Quincy Stone's mother is the daughter of John Yates Cowden 
and Eliza Jane Cowden of Shotville, Marion County, Ala. Mr. Stone 
is of Irish descent, his ancestors having settled in Virginia and South 
Carolina. His great-grandfather, John Stone, was a native of Han- 
over County, Va., and in very early life removed from that place to 
Spartanburg District, S. C, and was there married to Anna Lyle. He 
was a gallant soldier in the American army during the War of 1812, 
having served throughout the war. It was by his son, Delmas Johnson 
Stone, that the family was brought to the lower South by way of 
Alabama, in which state they resided until their removal to Mississippi. 
John Henry Stone, father of the subject of this sketch, is a man of 
sterling worth and integrity. In early life he. taught school and was 
active in all movements for the advancement of his locality. He has 
served the County of Itawamba two terms as sheriff and enjoys the 
unusual honor of having served as Postmaster of the town of Tremont 
for fifty years without intermission. 

Lucius Quincy Stone was educated in the public schools of Itawamba 
County, and in the Oakland Normal College in the same county. 
Since leaving school, he has engaged in farming and stock-raising, 
and in connection with his agricultural business, he has served as^ 
United States deputy from 1800 to 1894. 

In 1915, he was elected a member of the Board of Trustees of the 
Mississippi Penitentiary, in which position he serves as President 
of the Board with marked ability. He is conscientious and faithful in 
his service to the State. 

Mr. Stone is a Democrat, a member of the Executive Committee of 
Itawamba County, and belongs to the fraternal orders of Masons, 
Odd Fellows and Woodmen of the World. He is an active member of 
the Methodist Church, in which he has served as steward for sixteen 
years. 

On November 2Z, 1894, he was married to Lydia T. Kennedy of 
Rara Avis, Miss. Mrs. Stone is the daughter of Irvin Lafayette Ken- 
nedy and Elmina L. Lockridge of Shotsville, Ala. The family is of 
Irish ancestry, Mrs. Stone's paternal ancestors, Joseph Kennedy and 
Eugenia Trippit Kennedy, having settled in America in early times. 
Her grandfather, Irvin Kennedy, was a native of Tennessee from which 
state he removed to Alabama. His wife was Martha S. Machow of 
Charleston, S. C. They removed from xilabama to Texas, where the 
former died at Peoria. Mrs. Stone's father was a gallant soldier in 
the Confederate army, enlisting in the State of Alabama. He ren- 
dered faithful and continuous service throughout the war, his regi- 



522 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

ment having served in Armstrong's Brigade, X. H. Jackson's Division, 

Company H. After the war, he made his home in Mississippi and 
assisted in all movements to restore law and order in his locality, 
which had been overthrown by reconstruction. 

Mr. and Mrs. Stone have three children, lone Earleen, Henry 
Lafayette, and Lucius Herman. 



LAND DEPARTMENT. 

OFFICIAL DUTIES OF THE LAND COMMISSIONER. 

The Land Commissioner is charged with the following duties: To 
have supervision of the public lands of the State; to have custody of 
all public land records; to issue patents; to prosecute suits concern- 
ing public lands; to rent the public lands; to make monthly reports 
to Auditor and turn over monthly the proceeds of - land sales; to pro- 
tect public lands from trespass; to release redeemed lands. (See 
Code of 1906, Chapter 77). 



OFFICE OF THE LAND COMMISSIONER. 

Commissioner M. A. Brown 

Deputy Thos. J. Brown 

Depu tij C. R. Brads haw 



Mark Anthony Brown. 

Mark Anthony Brown of Jackson, Miss., Land Commissioner of the 
State of Mississippi, was born April 25, 1852, in the County of Louder- 
dale, Miss. He is the son of John Brow T n and wife. Eliza Daverscn 
Brown, daughter oi James Daverspn. John Crown was born in Mobile.. 
Ala. He served as a member of the Board of Supervisors of Lauder- 
dale County for twenty years. He was of English ancestry, and his 
wife was Scotch-Irish. Their parents came from the British Isles 
and settled in North Carolina, from which state they removed to 
Alabama, and later to Mississippi, settling on a farm ten miles north 
of Meridian. 

Mr. Brown attended the country schools of Lauderdale County, but 
received few school advantages, deserving therefore, more credit foi 
what he has accomplished than the man who is poorly equipped after 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 523 

having enjoyed a liberal educational opportunity. He has always en- 
gaged in farming and has taken great interest in the advancement 
of the farmers' organization. 

Mr. Brown was elected to the office of State Land Commissionei, 
January 15, 1912, which office he holds at present. He was lecturei 
for the Farmers' Alliance, holding many important positions in that 
organization. He was very useful in building up the Farmers' Union 
in Mississippi, in which organization he held several important posi- 
tions, being a member of the Legslative and Executive Committees and 
State Lecturer, for five years, when he resigned to become a candidate 
for the position of Land Commissioner, in 1911. After a term of four 
years he was reelected in 1915. He took much interest in the Nor- 
mal Training School and in the establishment of the Agricultural High 
Schools, and though having been denied its advantages, he has always 
expressed himself as a friend to higher education. A sketch of Mr. 
Brown, written by his friend, Mr. H. W. Bradshaw, is very com- 
plimentary of all his efforts. 

He is strictly a self-made man, who has received high position 
through the popular vote, by his interest in the callings of the labor 
ing classes. 

Mr. Brown is a Democrat, a member of the Baptist Church, member 
of. the Woodmen of the World. On January 22, 1872, he was married 
to Olie Rebecca White of Lauderdale County, Miss.. Mrs. Brown is 
the daughter of James and Eliza White of Lauderdale County, Miss. 
Mr. and Mrs. Brown have nine children, Alma (Brown) Stokes, 
Carrie (Brown) Jones, Cora (Brown) Lamons, Annie (Brown) Lun- 
grin, Charles Cornelius, Benjamin Franklin, George Edward, Thomas 
Jefferson and John Walton. 



GEOLOGICAL DEPARTMENT. 

GEOLOGICAL SURVEY COMMISSION. 

(Created February 9, 1906.) 

COMMISSIONERS. 

T. G. Bilbo ...,1912 

Dunbar Rowland, Secretary 1906 

Joseph N. Powers 1907 

W. H. Smith 1914 

W. F. Bond , . . , 1917 



524 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 



STATE GEOLOGISTS. 

Under Law of March 5, 1850.) 

John Millington 1851 

Oscar M. Leiber 1851 

B. L. C. Wailes .1851-1853 

Lewis Harper 1S53-1855 

Eugene W. Hilgard 1855-1866 

George Little l r 866-1871 

Eugene W. Hilgard 1872 

The law creating the survey was never repealed, but no appropria- 
tion for its support was made after 1872. 



DIRECTORS OF GEOLOGICAL SURVEY. 

(Under Law of 1906.) 

Albert F. Crider 1906-1909 

Ephraim N. Lowe 1909 

Ephriam N. Lowe Director 

E. M. Jones Assistant 

Miss Frances H. Walthall ..Assistant 



Ephraim Noble Lowe. 

Ephraim Noble Lowe, of Oxford, Miss., Director of the Geological 
Survey, was born May 5, 18C4, at Bear Creek, Hinds County, Miss., 
and is the son of Dr. Edmund Fielder and Emily (Peyton) Lowe; his 
ancestors were from South Carolina and Georgia; his grandfather was 
Chief Justice Ephraim G. Peyton, of the Mississippi Supreme Court; 
received his primary education in the rural schools of Hinds County; 
entered the University oi Mississippi and »vaa graduated in 138 i with 
the degree of B. P.; was graduated at Tulane Unversity in 1892, with 
degree of M. D; practised medicine for a short time in Hinds County; 
removed to Colorado in 1892; abandoned the practice of medicine and 
devoted his attention to mining and geological study, and in his pres- 
ent position has advanced the State's interests materially; was As- 
sistant Professor of Biology and Geology in the University of Missis- 
sippi, 1904-08; took advanced work in Biology and Geology in the 
University of Chicago, 1904-05-00; Professor of Biology and Geology 
University of Mississippi, 1908-09'; elected Director of the Mississippi 
Geological Survey June 4, 1909. 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 525 

Dr. Lowe is a Democrat, member of the Methodist Church and Knight 
of Pythias. He is the author of a number of monographs on scientific 
subjects and is regarded as one of the best equipped men in the South 
for the valuable work in which he is engaged, a work that has pro- 
gressed rapidly under his careful supervision. 

Dr. Lowe was married to Sarah M. Yeager on November 28, 18,95. 
On March 4, 1898, she died, leaving him two children, Edmund Peyton 
and Marguerite Emily. He was married a second time, May 4, 1903, 
to Laura Edna Haley, daughter of Herman Milville Haley and Emma 
Eugenia (Ford) Haley. Mrs. Lowe's father was a Confederate soldier, 
and Sheriff of Copiah County for fifteen years. 



MILITARY DEPARTMENT. 

OFFICIAL DUTIES OF THE ADJUTANT-GENERAL. 

The Adjutant-General is charged with the following duties: To 
keep his office at the seat of government; to perform all such services 
as pertain to his office as Adjutant of the Commander-in-Chief; to obey 
his lawful orders and discharge such other duties as may be required 
by law. (See Code of 1906, Chapter 96..) 



OFFICE OF THE ADJUTANT-GENERAL. 

Adjutant-General Erie C. Scales 

Stenographer Mrs. Ruth Tqrgersox 



Erie Cars Scales. 

Erie Carr Scales, of Jackson, Adjutant General of Mississippi, was 
born October 23; 1879, at Brooksville, Noxubee County, Miss. He is 
the son of Noah Scales and Florence Annette Owen Scales of Craw, 
ford, Brooksville and Macon, Miss. General Scales is of Scotch-Irish 
ancestry. His grandfather, Dr. Nathaniel F. Scales, and wife, Mildred 
Ann Scales were also residents of the little town of Crawford, the 
family were also residents of the little town of Crawford, the family 
having resided in the State for a long period. 

General Scales' mother was the daughter of Dr. David F. Owen and 
Isabel Milling Owen of Crawford and Okolona, Miss. His father was 
too young for service in the Civil War, but four brothers gave hon- 



526 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS. OFFICES AND BOARDS 

orable service to the Confederacy. The family claims descent from a 
distinguished soldier, Anthony Wedwille. Lord Scales, atterwards Eari 
of Rivers. His maternal grandfather was a general in the Mexican 
War and his maternal Great-grand-grandfather was Revolutionary 
General Milling. 

General Scales early education was obtained in the schools of Macon, 
Miss. Afterwards, he attended the Agricultural and Mechanical Col- 
lege of Mississippi, Webb Brothers College at Belbuckle, Tenn., and 
Eastman National Business College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. ' 

After leaving school, he engaged in the mercantile business at Macon 
and Louisville, Miss. In May, 1906, he was commissioned First Lieu- 
tenant Mississippi National Guard; commissioned Captain in same, on 
31st day of December, 1906; appointed Adjutant General on 11th day 
of January, 1914, and commissioned Brigadier General; re-appointed 
Adjutant General by Governor T. G. Bilbo, on January 24, 1916. 

General Scales is a capable, efficient, public officer and has de- 
veloped the State Department which he supervises to a point of great 
efficiency and usefulness. His re-appointment to office was asked for 
by the people. He is a Democrat and member of Knights of Pythias. 

On April 23, 1901, he was married to Etheldra Bush of Macon, Miss. 
Mrs. Scales is the daughter of A. H. and Edna Bush of Macon. Gen- 
eral and Mrs. Scales have one child, Erie Owen Scales. 



LIBRARY DEPARTMENT. 

OFFICIAL DUTIES OF STATE LIBRARIAN. 

The State Librarian is charged with the following duties: To have 
charge of all books and property of the State Library; to issue cata- 
logs of books; to purchase books on the approval of the trustees; to 
carry out the rules and regulations for the government of the library 
made by the trutsees; to anooint an assistant librarian on the approval 
of the Governor; to report to the Legislature every two years; to act 
as Secretary of Board of Trustees. (See Code of 1906, Chapter 131.) 



OFFICE OF STATE LIBRARIAN. 

Librarian Mrs. W. F. Mars h all 

Assistant Librarian Mrs. F. H. Brayles 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS- OFFICES AXD BOARDS 527 

Modexa Swain Marshall. 

Modena Swain Marshall of New Albany, Miss., State Librarian, was 
born March 19, 1876, in Union County, Miss., and is the daughter of 
Richard Americus Swain and wife, Margaret Estes Swain. 

Mrs. Marshall is of English and Scotch-Irish ancestry and is des- 
cended from John Swain and wife, Lucinda Norris Swain, who re- 
moved from South Carolina to Mississippi before the Civil War; and 
from Andrew Jackson Estes and wife, Mahala Killian Estes, of Cald- 
well County, N. Carolina, who were formerly of Virginia. Her pater- 
nal great-great-grandparents immigrated to America in the latter part 
of the eighteentif century and settled in Rhode Island. 

Mrs. Marshall's father was a Confederate soldier and rendered faith- 
ful service in Company E.. 7th Mississippi Cavalry, under Gen. Earl 
VanDorn; was paroled in May, 1S65. She obtained her early education 
in the rural schools of Union County, Miss., and later graduate i from 
the Blue Mountain Female College on June the 11th. with thj degree 
of B. S. As the principal in public schools for sixteen years, in the 
Blue Mountain High School, and New Albany High School, she won 
for herself distinction as a capable and conscientious educator. Her 
election to the office of State Librarian was an honor of which she is 
in every way worthy and her service in that position is most satisfac- 
tory to the public. She is a member of the Baptist Church and of the 
Woodmen Circle. 

Mrs. Marshall was married February 8, 1900, to Mr. William Fred- 
erick Marshall of New Albany. Mr. Marshall served the State of Mis- 
sissippi as Traveling Sergeant of the State Penitentiary during Gov. 
E. F. Noel's administration. He died May 6, 1911, leaving one child 
by a former marriage, Davis. Harbert. Mrs. Marshall has two chil- 
dren, Frederick Speight and Margaret Vivian. 

Mrs. Marshall's assistant in the State Library is Mrs. F. H. Broyles, 
who is one of the most capable and affable assistants in the public of- 
fices of the State Capitol. 



BANKING DEPARTMENT. 

OFFICIAL DUTIES OF THE BANK EXAMINERS. 

The Banking Department is charged with the duty of seeing to the 
execution of all laws relating to corporations and individuals doing or 
carrying on banking business in the State of Mississippi. The board 
of bank examiners consists of three members elected by the people, 
one from each Supreme Court district. 



528 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

Bank Examiners 

E. F. Anderson First District 

J. S. Love _ Second District 

S. S. Ha!rris Third District 

H. K. Walter _ Examiner 

R. L. Hall Secretary 



Edgar Freemax Axdersox. 

Edgar Freeman Anderson of Clinton. State Bank Examiner of Mis- 
sissippi, was born March 14, 1873, at Yaiden, Carroll County, Miss., 
and is the son of William Cary Anderson and wife, Kate (Durham) 
Anderson. His father moved to Holmes County, Miss., wnen a youth. 
He was a soldier in the Confederate army and served through the war. 
On his return, he engaged in mercantile business and, later, entered 
the profession of pubic school teaching in Smith County and other 
points in South Mississippi. His mother was the daughter of David 
Durham, and was a native of North Carolina. 

Mr. Anderson received his early education principally from his 
father. He, later, took a course through the Junior year at Missis- 
sippi College, Clinton, Miss., and afterwards, a business course at At- 
lanta, Ga. He first taught school six years in Pearl River County, Miss. 
In 1902, he accepted a position in the First National Bank at Vicksburg, 
Miss., and remained there until the spring of 1905, when he removed 
to Clinton and took a position* in a bank being organized there, in 
which position he remained until 1914, when he was appointed State 
Bank Examiner. 

He is a member of the Baptist Church, is a valuable citizen and a 
capable, conscientious public official, filling his office with marked 
abi ity. 

In January, 1904, Mr. Anderson married Marietta Thornhill of Pop- 
larville. Miss. Mrs. Anderson is the daughter of Dr. Joseph Martin 
Thornhill and wife, Esther Lucy Thornhill of Poplarville. 

Mr. and Mrs. Anderson have four children, Agnes, Marietta, Edgar 
Freeman, Jr., and George Howard. 



James Sanfgrd Love. 

James Sanford Love of Hattiesburg, Bank Examiner of the State 
of Mississippi, was born January 25, 1877, at Brooksville, Noxubee 
County, Miss., and is the son of Davis Milton Love and wife, Mary 



STATE OFFICIALS 



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E. F. ANDERSON 
Bank Examiner, 1st District 



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S. S. HARRIS 
Bank Examiner, 3rd District 






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W. J. BUCK 
Secretary to Governor 



MRS. W. F. MARSHALL 
State Librarian 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 529 

Jane Cockrel Love of Brooksville, Miss. His father settled at Brooks- 
vir.e before the Civil War. He served in the Confederate Army two 
years, enlisting in the Noxubee County Rifles. He was severely 
wounded in the first battle of Manassas. He was the son of Milton 
Love and his wife, Mary (Cockrell) Love of Macon, Miss. Mary Jane 
Cockrell Love, mother of James Sanford Love, was the daughter of 
William Cockrell and wife, Mary Harrison Cockrell of Macon, Miss. 
Mary Harrison Cockrell was a direct descendent of President Benja- 
min Harrison. 

Mr. Love obtained his early education from the public schools of 
Brooksville, Miss. He attended Mississippi College three years, fin- 
ishing the Junior course. He entered the banking business in 1898, 
at Macon, Miss., with the Merchants' and Farmers' Bank. He was 
cashier of the First National Bank of Lumberton from 190J to 1907, 
was cashier of Hattiesburg Trust and Banking Company from 1908 to 
1913. In April, 1914, he received a commission as State Bank Exam- 
iner in a competitive examination, which lasted for a term of twenty 
months; was nominated in August and elected in November, 1915, for 
a full term of four years. Mr. Love is well fitted for his position, 
bringing to it long experience, energy and ability, and in his care the 
work will receive the best attention. 

He is a Democrat, a member of the Baptist Church, and member of 
the Knights of Pythias. Mr. Love was married to Lillie Bufkin, May 
27, 1903, at Hattiesburg, Miss. Mrs. Love is the daughter of Charles 
William Bufkin and wife, Corinne Heidelberg of Hattiesburg. 

Mr. and Mrs. Love have three children, Elizabeth Eloise, Lillie Al- 
leen, and James Sanford. 



Samuel Story Harris. 

Samul Story Harris of Tupelo, Bank Examiner of the State of Mis- 
sissippi, was born June 30, 1882, near Newbern, Dyer County, Tenn. 
He is the son of James Polk Harris and wife, Manassah Virginia Story 
of Newbern, Tenn. His father served in Bell's Brigade of mounted 
Infantry, Forrest's Division of the Confederate Army. James Polk 
Harris was the son of Dr. Allen Harris and Mary Ann Parker Harris 
of Tennessee. 

Mr. Harris' mother, Manassah Virginia Story Harris, was the daugh- 
ter of David Wilson Harris and Eliza Jane Borum of West Point, 
Miss. 

Mr. Harris was educated in the public and hi^h schools of Newbern, 
Tenn. Having received a good educational equipment for a business 

34— m 



530 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

profession, he began work in the Newbern Bank of Newbern, Tenn., 
in April 1901; afterwards was with the Bank of Tupelo, and the Peo- 
ple's Bank & Trust Company of Tupelo, Miss. 

Mr. Harris is especially fitted for his position, which he fills with 
much ability. He is a Democrat, a member of the Baptist Church. 
He was married to Jennie Newell on June 30, 1915, at Tupelo, Miss. 

Mrs. Harris is the daughter of Samuel William Newell and Margaret 
Scott Kimmons Newell of Oxford, Miss. 



LIST OF TRUSTEES AND BOARDS OF STATE INSTITUTIONS. 
ETC., COMPILED JULY 16, 1917. 

State Insane Hospital. — Dr. R. M. Butler, Superintendent: R. B. Mayes, 
Jackson; George Butler, Jackson; John L. McGehee, Gloster; Fred 
McRae, Jackson; R. J. Williams, McConib. 

State Board of Education. — W. F. Bond, Jackson; Jos. W. Power, Jack- 
son; Ross A. Collins, Jackson. 

Capitol Commission. — Theo. G. Bilbo, Governor; Jos. W. Power, Sec- 
retary of State; Stokes V. Robertson, Revenue Agent; T. M. Henry, 
Insurance Commissioner. 

State Board of Election Commissioners. — Theo. G. Bilbo, Governor; 
Ross A. Collins, Attorney-General; Jos. W. Power, Secretary Oi 
State. 

Board of Public Contracts. — Ross A. Collins, Attorney-General; Jos. 
W. Power, Secretary of State; R. E. Wilson, Auditor of Public 
Accounts; W. F. Bond, Superintendent of Education; P. P. Gar- 
ner, Commissioner of Agriculture and Commerce. 

East Mississippi Insane Hospital. — Dr. J. M. Buchanan, Superintend 
ent, Meridian; Dr. H. S. Tucker, Meridian; C. H. Dabbs, Meridian; 
J. M. Carter, Quitman; Allen McCants, Meridian; William Perry, 
Jr., Meridian. 

Deaf and Dumb Institute. — R. S. Dobyns, Superintendent, Jackson; 
Clayton D. Potter, Jackson; H. C. Roberts, Jackson; G. I. Redditt, 
McCarley; W. M. Yandell, Canton; E. J. Hail, Jackson. 

Blind Institute. — Dr. R. S. Curry, Superintendent, Jacksan; Dr. J. P. 
Taylor, Jackson; William Hemingway, Jackson; Icey W. Day, 
Kosciusko; R. H. Watts, Meridian; F. F. Parsons, Lucien. 

State Charity Hospital, Jackson. — Dr. L. S. Rogers, Superintendent, 
Jackson; J. R. East, Brandon; J. M. Grimn, Blodgett; Dr. J. P. 
Conn, Monticelio. (This term expires in April 191b). 

Those whose terms expire in April, 1918. — W. E. Williams, Jackson; 
Dr. R. E. Howard, Durant. 















X 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS. OFFICES AND BOARDS 53l 

State Charity Hospital. Natchez. — Joseph J. Friedler, Natchez, Super- 
intendent; William Lyle. Natchez; W. D. Deterly, Natchez; Wil- 
liam Darden, Fayette; F. F. Parsons, Lucien; W. F. Tucker, Wood- 
ville. 

State Charity Hospital Yicksburg.— Dr. G. Y. Hicks, Superintendent, 
Vicksburg; B. M. Brady, Jackson; W. L. Nicholson, Vicksburg; S. 
E. Mackey, Vicksburg; Henry Kahn, Vicksburg; A. Tonar, Tonar. 

Confederate Hospital Annex, Yieksburg. — Mrs. J. M. Duncan, Vicks- 
burg; Mrs. A. O. Hardenstein, Vicksburg; Mrs. R. L. Dent, Vicks- 
burg. 

Mattie Hersee Hospital, Meridian. — N. M. Everett, Hickory; John A. 
Bailey, Bailey; John A. Martiniere, Shubuta; T. A. McCormick, 
Meridian; W. E. Rogers, Porterville. 

Kings Daughters' Hospital and Training School, Gulfport. — James C. 
C. Elmer, Gulfport; J. W. Bradley, Gulfport. 

Beauvoir Soldiers' Home, R. F. D. No. 1, Gulfport. — Elnathan Tartt, 
Superintendent, R. F. D. No. 1, Gulfport; J. Hiram McGehee, Lit- 
tle Springs; Dr. R. P. Crump, Nitta Yuma; H. M. Carter, Jack- 
son; W. H. Cook, Hattiesburg; S. J. Taylor, Jackson; U. S. Rob- 
erts, Carthage. 

Oyster Commission. — W. A. McDonald, Bay St. Louis; Louis Hahn, Bi- 
loxi, (Vice Kellier, resigned. Term expires Aug. 1917); Frank PL 
Lewis, Pascagoula, (Term expires Aug. 30, 1918); J. D. Minor, 
Bay St. Louis, (Term expires Aug. 30, 1919); F. W. Elmer, Jr., 
(Term expires Aug. 30, 1920). 

State Board of Health. — Dr. L. L. McDougal, Booneville; Dr. J. H. 
McNeill, Olive Branch; Dr. A. J. Ware, Greenville; Dr. C. D. 
Mitchell, Pontotoc; Dr. Tom W. Reagan, Union; Dr. H. F. Garri- 
son, Seminary; Dr. B. Lampton Crawford, Tylertown; Dr. W. H. 
• ' Watson, Brandon; Dr. S. W. Glass, Lyon; Dr. S. C. Eason, New 
Albany; Dr. T. F. Elkin, Tupelo; Dr. T. H. Seay, Laurel; Dr. J. 
H. Johnson, Brookhaven; Dr. W. S. Leathers. Secretary, Jackson. 

State Board of PharmaceiiHcal Examiners. — Fred W. Smith, Poplar- 

ville; S. C. Lindsay, Eupora; J. Clyde McGee, Jackson; H. L. 

Boyd, Kosciusko; J. Hawk Stribling, Philadelphia. 
State Board of Dental Examiners. — Dr. J. H. Arledge, Poplarville; Dr. 

J. H. Chapman, Columbia; Dr. T. L. Massey, Bay Springs; Dr. 

Burt J. Marshall, Marks; Dr. Albert E. Russell, Oxford. 

Commissioners Mississippi Levee District. — Dr. J. D. Smythe, Green- 
ville; M. M. Spiars, Mayersville; Marcus L. Kaufman. Rosedale; 
Walter Sillers, Rosedale; G. M. Baggeit, Rolling Fork; Dr. J. T. 
Atterbury, Greenville. 



532 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

Commissioners of Yazoo-Mississippi Delta Levee District.— A. E. Dug- 
ger, Clarksdale; R. L. Cobb, Friars Point; John L. Harris, Holly- 
wood; E. P. Mangum, Tunica; Henry L. Cooke, Penton; J. U. 
Abernathy, Marks; Ed Franklin, Ruleville; Frank Jon;s, G.een- 
wood; J. S. Watson, Lexington; Owen W. Baldwin, Benton; Nor- 
fleet Hawkins, Swan Lake; M. P. Sturdivant, Glendora. 
Trustees of the University and Colleges. — W. C. Trotter, Winona, (for 
six years from March 9, 1916); J. S. Howerton, Guntcwn, (for 
six years from March 9, 1916"); J. R. Tipton, (for University; 
four years from March 9, 1916); Robert Powell, Jackson, (term 
expires March 9, 1918); O. F. Lawrence, Grenada; (term expires 
March 9, 1920); E. L. Brien, Vicksburg, (term expires March 9, 
1920); Theo. G. Bilbo, Governor; W. F. Bond, Jackson, Superin- 
tendent of Education; T. B. Franklin, Columbus, (term expires 
March 9/1920). 
Trustees of State Normal College. — First District; W. E. Stokes, Ma- 
con; Fourth District, T. C. Kimbrough, West Point; FifLi Dis- 
trict, H. M. Threefoot, (deceased): Eighth District, E. E. Frantz, 
Jackson. These terms expire April 7, 1919. F. W. Foota, Hat- 
tiesburg, Sixth District; Jos. E. Norwood, Magnolia, Seventh 
District; J. F. Burrow, Ruleville, Third District; Fred B. Smith, 
Ripley, Second District. 

Nurses 1 Examining Board. — Miss Katherine Kent, re-appointed by 
Governor; Miss Rose Keating, Jackson; Miss M. H. Trigg, (term 
expires June 5, 1918); Miss J. M. Quinn, (term expires June 5, 
1919); Dr. B. B. Martin, Vicksburg, (term expires June 5, 1920). 

Live Stock Sanitary Board — Theo. G. Bilbo, Governor; Dr. E. Bar- 
nett, Secretary of Animal Husbandry, Agricultural College; Dr. 
E. M. Ranck, Agricultural College; Ross A. Collins, Attorney- 
General; Albert W. Meyers Jr., Holly Springs; 0. W. Connor, Sem- 
inary; Dr. Hudson Chadwick, Jackson, State Inspector. 

Board of Veterinary Examiners — Dr. O. M. Norton, Greenville; Dr. 
W. P. Ferguson, Dr. J. L. Lewis, Dr. John Oliver and Dr. E. M. 
Ilanck, these latter tnree oemg selected by the State Board or As- 
sociation of Veterinarians 

State Text Book Commission — First District, W. V. Frierson, Jr., Col- 
umbus; Second District, L. H. Jobe, Ripley; Third District, H. B. 
Heidelberg, Clarksdale; Fourth District, B. L. Coulter, Acker- 
man; Fifth District, Tom S. Sykes, Meridian; Sixth District, R. 
H. Watkins, Laurel; Seventh District, J. G. Bridges, Meadville; 
Eigth District, Monroe Ball. 

State Highway Commission — J. M. McBeath, Presdent, Meridian; D. 
W. Robbins, Tupelo; W. T. Denman, McComb; Xavier A. Kramer, 
Magnolia, State Highway Engineer. 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 533 

Smith Mississippi Hospital — Rev. L. G. Gates, Laurel; Dr. Dave Wal- 
ley, Ricbtou; Dr. S. C. Culpepper, Bond; E. M. Lane, Taylors- 
ville; J. E. Davis, Hattiesburg. 

Industrial Institute and Training School — L. C. Franklin, President, 
Clarksdale, (3 years); A. B. Schauber, Secretary, Laurel, (3 
years); J. B. Lawrence, Jackson. (2 years); H. K. Rouse, Pop- 
larville, (2 years); Rev. J. L. L-ott, Grenada, (3 years).. 

State Tax Commission — 0. A. Luckett. Kosciusko, 1st Supreme Court 
District; T. A. Rawls, Poplarvi.le, 2nd Supreme Court District; 
D. L. Thompson, President of Commission, 3rd Supreme Court 
District. 

Board of Pardons — J. B. Crawford, Jackson, Secretary; Rev. J. L. Cul- 
pepper, Poplarville; T. J. Lilly, Tupelo; J. C. Street, Laurel; Dr. A. 
G. Everett, Friars Point. 

All appointed for a term of four years. 

State Board of Law Examiners — Southern District, W. A. Shipman, 
Poplarville; Middle District, R. F. Cochran, Meridian; Northern 
District, Geo. T. Mitchell, Tupelo. 



JUDICIAL DEPx\RTMENT. 
Supreme Court. 

(Judges elected by the people since 1916, for a term of eight years.) 

Chief Justice Sidney McCain Smith 

Associate Jutsice Sam C. Cook 

Associate Justice John Morgan Stevens 

Associate Justice J. B. Hoi.de> 

Associate Justice. E. O. Sykes 

Associate Justice George H. Ethridoe 

Supreme Court Clerk George Clifton Myers 

Deputy . . . W. J. Brown 

Division A. 
Sidney McCain Smith J. B. Holden 

E. O. Sykes 

Division B. 

Sam C Cook ' John Morgan Stevens 

George H. Etitridge 

Stenographer^. 
L. T. Ramsey C. B. Howard 



534 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS. OFFICES AND BOARDS 



Sidney McCain Smith. 

Sidney McCain Smith, of Lexington, Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court of the State of Mississippi, was born April 9, 1869, at Lexing- 
ton, Miss., and is the son of Thomas White Smith and Sarah (West) 
Smith. His father was a gallant soldier of the Confederacy, and served 
as a private in Company A.. Twenty-eighth Mississippi Regiment, 
throughout the war, and was the son of John Prior Smith and Ann 
Eliza Smith, of Marshall County, Miss. Judge Smith's mother was the 
daughter of John M. West of Lexington. Miss. Judge Smith attended 
the primary schools cf Lexington; entered the Law School of the Uni- 
versity of Mississippi, and was graduated in June, 1893, with the de- 
gree of LL. B. ; began the practice of law at Yazoo City, Miss., in July, 
1893; returned to Lexington in February, 1894; elected to the House 
of Representatives from Holmes County in 1899; re-elected November 
3, 1903. He was appointed Circuit Judge of the 4th District in 1906 by 
Governor Vardaman, and Jutsice of the Supreme Court, in 1909 by 
Governor Noel. In November, 1916, Judge Smith was re-elected to 
the position of Supreme Judge for a term of eight years. Possessing 
ability and energy in the performance of his duties Judge Smith has 
rapidly advanced in his profession and is prominent in the public life 
of the state. He has handed down some very important opinions, 
and is regarded by his friends as well equipped for his position. 

Judge Smith is a Democrat; has served on county and state com- 
mittees; member of the Baptist Church, deacon; is a Mason, chapter, 
council, Knights Templar, Master of Lodge and Council and Eminent 
Commander of Lexington Commandery No. 3. Has been Secretary, 
Treasurer and President of State Bar Association; married April 9, 
1896, at Crystal Spring, Miss., to Mattie Lee Smith, daughter of James 
C. Smith and wife, Matilda, of Crystal Springs. Upon the resignation 
of Judge R. B. Mayes, Judge Smith became Chief Justice of the Court. 



Sam C. Cook. 

Sam C. Cook, of Clarksdale, Justice of the Supreme Court of the 
State of Mississippi, was born July 13th, 1855, at Oxford, Mississippi, 
and is the son of Milas J. and Martha (Bumpass) Cook, natives of 
North Carolina. Among the Colonial settlers of America, the family 
assisted in founding the American Republic and in upholding the tru- 
est ideals of liberty and democracy. Judge Cook received his early 
education in the public schools of Oxford, entered the University of 
Mississippi and was graduated in 1878 with ttve Degree LL. B. He 
began the practice of law in Holmes County; after remaining there 
one year he moved to Batesviile in 1880; in 1886 he represented Pan- 



JUDGES SUPREME COURT 



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SIDNEY SMITH 
Chief Justice Supreme Court 



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SAM C. COOK 
Justice Supreme Court 







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Ji5-^«Ji».-U»-; 



J. M. STEVENS 
Justice Supreme Court 



GEO. H. ETHRIDGE 
Justice Supreme Court 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 535 

ola County in the State Legislature; in 1888 he removed to Clarks- 
-dale and represented Coahoma County in 1890-1892-1894; from 1900 
to 1902 he was attorney for the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta Levee Board; 
in 1902 he was appointed Circuit Judge of the Eleventh District by 
Governor Longine, was re-appointed by Governor Vardaman in 1906 
and by Governor Noel in 1910; was appointed by Governor Brewer 
a Justice of the Supreme Court and took his, seat on the bench 
May 10th, 1912. Few men in the State of Mississippi have borne 
themselves in high public office with more dignity and ability than 
Judge Sam C. Cook. With the purest motives and clearest concep- 
tions of right, he combines a generous sympathy for his fellowmen, 
and his career as a member of the Supreme Court of Mississippi has 
been an exceptional one for ability, justice and integrity of purpose. 
Judge Cook is one of the best equipped jurists who has in the cur- 
rent history of the State occupied a place on the Supreme Bench 
and the people of Mississippi owe much to him for sustaining the 
high record made by the able jurists of the past. 

Judge Cook is a Democrat and a member of the Methodist Church. 
He was married to Elizabeth Murphy, October 25th, 1882, daughter of 
Dr. Charles T\ and Ann Eliza (Harrington) Murphy, of Durant, Holmes 
County. Judge and Mrs. Cook have four children, Charles, Edwin, 
Marjorie and Sam C, Jr. 



John Morgan Stevens. 

John Morgan Stevens of Jackson and Hattiesburg, Justice of the 
Supreme Court of Mississippi, was born May 27, 1876, at Old Augusta, 
Perry County, Miss. He is the son of Benjamin Stevens and Lorena 
Annette Breland of Augusta, Miss. His father w T as a native of Jack- 
son County, Miss. He always resided at Augusta, where he engaged 
in farming, having extensive interests in stock raising and timber 

business. For a while he followed mercantile business and was a 
i 

speculator in timber lands. He was a gallant soldier of the Con- 
federacy, serving throughout the war and was Captain of a Cavalry 
Regiment, in Steed's Battalion, and at the close of the war was acting 
Colonel, but without commission. Colonel Stevens was a true South- 
erner and an ardent admirer of the heroes of the Confederacy, as an 
evidence of which he gave to his six sons, each the name of a Con- 
federate general. 

The Stevens family was among the early settlers of Mississippi. 
They were originally from England where they lost their estates be- 
cause of having followed the fortunes of Oliver Cromwell. Chauncey 
Bigelow Stevens and Lucy (Ferrill) Stevens were the paternal grand- 
parents of Judge Stevens. An interesting family history places his 



536 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

grandfather among the builders and makers of America. He was 
born at Lee, Berkshire County, Massachusetts, February 27, 1793. He 
began life as a New England teacher and while still a young man, he 
moved to Virginia, where he met and married an aunt of Stonewall 
Jackson. After the early death of his young wife, he grew restless 
and sought adventure and change of scene to assuage his grief. Join- 
ing the great stream of immigration flowing southward, he came dowu 
the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers on a flat-boat, which was at that time 
the mode of transportation. After a brief stay in New Orleans, he 
came to Jackson County, Miss., and resumed his profession of 
teaching. He married Lucy Ferrill, a native of that county, and 
continued to teach in that and the surrounding counties, where he 
was known as a devout member of the Methodist Church, and where 
he died, an honored patriarch at the age of ninety years. It is inter- 
esting to note that an ancestry of this kind flows in the veins of much 
of our population. 

Judge Stevens' mother was the daughter of Hiram Breland and Lucy 
(Moody) Breland of Washington, Greene County, Miss., whose an- 
cestors came to Mississippi from South Carolina. They reared a large 
family who have always contributed to the development of the State. 

Judge Stevens received his early education from the public schools 
of Augusta, and later attended Millsaps College during the first three 
years of its organization. From his entrance at the University of 
Mississippi, his career has been an unusually brilliant one. His pri- 
mary claim to distinction consisted of his winning the medal of the 
Hermaean Literary Society in the Senior debate; he was soon after 
made President of that Society and was also, for some time, President 
of the University Y. M. C. A.; at his graduation in the class of 1898, 
with B. A. degree, he was first-honor man and valedictorian. He read 
law at the University of Mississippi, and later a special course 
under the tutelage of his oldest brother, William Forrest Stevens, then 
Circuit Judge of the Fifth District. After a year of this preparation, 
he entered for the State Bar Examination under Chancellor Byrd, and 
was admitted to practice upon a certificate from the Supreme Court, 
grading and complimenting examination papers. He located at Lex- 
ington, Hchuts County, Miss, where he formed a branch office for the 
law firm of Southworth & Stevens, L. M. Southworth of Carrollton be- 
ing senior partner. In 1901, he removed to Hattiesburg, when that 
city was just beginning to boom, and formed a partnership with his 
older brother, H. Stuart Stevens, this firm being known as Stevens 
& Stevens, afterwards as Stevens, Stevens & Cook. 

Early in 1912, he was appointed by Governor Brewer, as Chancellor 
of the Eighth District. The Legislature passed the Elective Judiciary 
Act, which cut his term as Chancellor and threw him into an election 
in 1914. He immediately began his campaign and was elected for a full 



JUDGES SUPREME COURT 



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1 


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J. B. HOLDEN 
Justice Supreme Court 



CLAYTON D. POTTER 
Justice Supreme Court 





E. O. STKES 
Justice Supreme Court 



GEORGE C. MYERS 
Clerk Supreme Court 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 537 

term as Chancellor and was serving in that capacity when he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Brewer tor a full nine-years term as Supreme 
Judge, which office he now holds. In this high official capacity, Judge 
Stevens has served with exceptional ability and is recognized as a 
strong and able jurist. 

In political faith, Judge Stevens is a Democrat and has served as a 
member of the Forrest County Executive Committee and as County 
Election Commissioner. He is an active member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church South, and has aided in the work of that denomin- 
ation, in the various places of his residence, being now identinea 
with the Galloway Memorial Church of Jackson, Miss. He is a mem- 
ber of the Knights of Pythias, Woodmen of the World and Elks, and is 
a Master Mason. 

On June 7, 1905, Judge Stevens was married at Crystal Springs, 
Miss., to Ethel Featherstun, who is the daughter of Rev. Henry Walter 
Featherstun and Emily Edwards (White) Featherstun. Mrs. Stevens' 
father spent many years of his early married life as an itinerant min- 
ister of the Methodist Church in California; more recently, he has 
pursued the same high calling in various pastorates of Mississippi. 
His father was also a Methodist minister, Francis Marion Featherstun, 
of Warren County, Miss. Mrs. Stevens' maternal grandfather was 
Franklin White, a noted physician of Vicksburg, Warren County, Miss. 

Judge and Mrs. Stevens have four children, John Morgan, Jr., Em- 
ily White, Stuart Featherstun and Ethelwyn Featherstun. 



John Burton Holden 

John Burton Holden of McComb, Mississippi, Justice of the Supreme 
Court of Mississippi, was born January 5th, 1873, at the old Holden 
Place in Franklin County, Mississippi. He is the son of Dr. John 
Everly Holden and Laura (Curtis) Holden of Franklin County. Dr. J. 
E. Holden was born in Pike County, most of his life being spent in 
Franklin County. He graduated from the Medical Department of Tu- 
lane University, New Orleans, La., in 1SG1; almost immediately joined 
the Franklin County Rifles and served four years in the Confederate 
Army. He was a prominent and successful physician and surgeon up 
to the time of his death in 1889. He was the son of Dr. John Holden 
and Elizabeth Strickland Holden, who were among the progressive 
families of Franklin County, Mississippi. 

Judge Holden's mother was the daughter of John Curtis of Catahoula, 
Parish, La. He received his education in the public schools of Frank 
lin County and studied law in the offices of Col. T. R. Stockdale, C. E. 
Williams and Judge W. P. Cjassady. He was admitted to the Missis- 
sippi Bar in June 1894 and practiced at Summit for nineteen years 



538 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

Judge Holden was Mayor of Summit for twelve years and became 
Prosecuting Attorney for Pike County in 1911. Removing to McComb, 
he continued bis practice until appointed Circuit Judge in May, 1914, 
and having filled the office satisfactorily, he was elected for a four 
years term in November of thai year. The Legislature of 1916 added 
three judges to the Supreme Bench and Judge Holcien was appointed as 
one of these. To this exalted position he brings ability, a wide ex- 
perience and an earnest desire to perform with distinction the duties 
incumbent upon the office. He is popular with the people of his section 
and a future of much usefulness in his profession lies before him. 

Judge Holden is a Democrat and has always taken an active pari 
in the political affairs of his State. Is a member of the Presbyterian 
Church and of the fraternal orders of Masons, Odd Fellows, Elks, 
Woodmen of the World, and B. of R. T. 

On October 17th, 1S94, he was united in marriage to Mary Cassedy, 
daughter of Judge Hiram Cassedy and Bettie (Durfey) Cassedy of 
Brookhaven, Mississippi. Her paternal grandparents were Judge Hi 
ram Cassedy and Mary (Proby) Cassedy, the latter being the daughter 
of Captain William Proby of the Franklin County Rifles, C. S. A. 

Judge and Mrs. Holden have one son, Hiram Cassedy, a graduate of 
1916, in Washington & Lee University, Lexington, Va. 



Eugene Octave Sykes 

Eugene Octave Sykes of Aberdeen. Miss., Justice of the Supreme Court 
of Mississippi, was born July 16, 1876, at Aberdeen, Miss. He is the 
son of Eugene Octavius Sykes and India (Rogers) Sykes of Aberdeen, 
Miss. His father was a native of Alabama from which State he re- 
moved to Mississippi. He was a soldier in the Confederate Army, 
serving throughout the War and was a member of the Constitutional 
Convention of 1890. He was for two terms a member of the Mississippi 
Legislature and served twelve vears as Circuit Judge. H* 1 was the 
son of Dr. W. A. Sykes and India Barrett Sykes of Decatur, Ala. and 
later of Aberdeen. 

John Sykes' mother was the daughter of F. M. Rogers and India 
Sykes of Aberdeen, Miss. F. M. Rogers served as Circuit Judge of 
his district, before the Civil War, when he was but twenty-four years 
old; was a captain of the Confederate Army and was killed at Fort 
Donelson; was once candidate for Governor on the Whig ticket. 

The Sykes are of Virginia ancestry, the family having come from 
that State to North Mississippi along with the tide of emigration from 
the older Southern States, after the country was purchased from the 
Indians. -.,.-- 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AXD BOARDS 539 

Judge E. 0. Sykes received his elementary training in the public 
schools of Aberdeen. Later, he attended Bell Buckle College, Tenn., 
St. John's College and U. S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, M&, and the 
University of Mississippi. He was graduated from the latter in 1897 
with degree of LL. B., and began practice in the city of Aberdeen. He 
later moved to Rosedale and formed a partnership with Hon. Charles 
Scott. After a successful practice of two years, he moved back to Aber- 
deen and formed a partnership with his brother, J. A. Sykes. He was 
Presidential Elector for the State at large, in 1904. Judge Sykes has 
risen rapidly in his profession. In 1916 he was appointed a member of 
the Supreme Court by Gov. Theo. G. Bilbo, whom he supported for Gov- 
ernor. Later he was elected to that place from the Northern District 
over JudgQ R. H. Knox. 

In political faith, Judge Sykes is a Democrat and has been a member 
of the State Democratic Executive Committee. He is a member of the 
Episcopal Church, is a Mason, an Elk, and belongs to the College Fra- 
ternity, Delta Kappa Epsilon. 

In 1903, he was married to Malvina May Scott, daughter of Hon. 
Charles Scott and Malvina (Yerger) Scott of Rosedale, Miss. Hon. 
Charles Scott was a prominent figure in the legal history of the state 
and was one of the wealthiest cotton planters in the south. Judge 
and Mrs. Sykes have three children, Charles Scott, Octavia, and Mal- 
vina Yerger. 



George Hamilton Ethridge 

George Hamilton Ethridge of Jackson, Justice of the Supreme Court 
of the State of Mississippi, son of Mark DeKalb Ethridge and Virginia 
Rebecca (White) Ethridge, was born February 26, 1871, at Ft. Steph- 
ens, Kemper County, Miss. Mark DeKalb Ethridge was the son of 
Soloman Ethridge and Rebecca (Lister) Ethringe of Fort Stephens 
and Rio, Miss. He served duirng the Civil War in the 14th Mississippi 
Regiment, as a private, first in the infantry and later in the cavalry 
under Gen. Nathan Bedford Forres*:. 

Judge Ethridge's mother is the daughter of William Hamilton White 
and Hulda (Cochran) White of Daleville, Miss. He is of pure English^ 
ancestry, both paternal and maternal grandfathers were natives of 
North Carolina, the family having settled there before the Revolution. 
His father and his wife's father both held public office in Lauderdale 
County prior to the Civil War, and their families have always been 
identified with the best interests of Mississippi. 

Judge Ethridge's early education was obtained in the public schools 
of Kemper County. He later took an academic course at Iron Springs 
Institute and Linden Academy. He taught in the public schools ot 
Kemper County for three years, winning for himself a high reputation 








































y 








540 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS. OFFICES AND BOARDS 

for faithful and capable service. He studied law iu a private office 
under Ethridge & McBeath of Meridian. Miss., and was admitted to 
practice in November, 1S94, locating in Meridian, where he remained 
until 1898 when he removed to DeKalb and formed a partnership with 
J. H. Currie, then a leading lawyer of Mississippi. On the election 
of J. H. Currie to the office of District Attorney, the partnership was 
dissolved. 

Judge Ethridge returned to Meridian and was elected to the State 
Legislature in 1903 and served with distinction four years in the lower 
house. He was attorney for the Board of Supervisors from 1903 to 
1911, and was appointed Assistant Attorney-General and served from 
1912 to 1917. 

Judge Ethridge has been identified with many movements for the 
moral and civic advancement of his State. He was lecturer of the 
Law and Order League of Kemper County, and has contributed num- 
erous articles to the press on educational, social, economic and po- 
litical subjects. 

During his terms of office as Assistant Attorney-General, General 
Ethridge displayed exceptional ability, giving proof of unusual ac- 
quaintance with his profession and in every instance evincing fearless- 
ness, impartiality and justice in the opinions that he rendered. 

In November, 1916, he was elected Justice of the Supreme Court and 
though one of the youngest members who has ever occupied a place in 
Mississippi's highest court, he takes first rank in the present body and 
reflects distinguished credit upon himself and the State for his just 
interpretation of the law. 

On September 2Sth, 1904, he v^as married to Lula Pauline Tann, 
daughter of Thomas M. Tann and Annie ( Brown J Tann of DeKalb, 
Mississippi. Mrs. Ethridge's grandfather was Rev. Thomas Tann, a 
Methodist minister and a soldier in the Confederate Army. Her ma- 
ternal grandfather, O. G. Brown, was a prominent citizen of Kemper 
County, being Justice of the Peace in his district for twenty-eight 
years. 

Judge and Mrs. Ethridge have lour children: — George D., Alice 
Ophelia, Edna Meredith and Thomas Tann. 



Clayton Daniel Potter 

Clayton Daniel Potter, Justice of the Supreme Court of Mississippi, 
was born near Jackson, Miss., January 12, 1880. He is the son of 
Daniel M. and Octavia Potter, of Jackson, and the grandson of Judge 
George L. Potter, who was a prominent member of the Mississippi bar 
before the Civil War. Judge George L. Potter was an active figure 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS . 541 

in the Reconstruction Period of Mississippi and was among the most 
influential men of his community in all questions pertaining to tne 
restoration and advancement of the South after the war. The family 
has been prominent in Mississippi since early pioneer days, both in 
the social and public affairs of the State. Judge Wiley H. Potter, an 
uncle of Judge Clayton Potter occupies a high position in his profes- 
sion in the City of Jackson, and is greatly beloved and honored by its 
people. 

Judge Clayton Potter's early education was obtained in the public 
schools of Hinds County. He later attended the Jackson Graded 
Schools, after which he entered Milsaps College. He was graduated 
from the literary department of this institution in 1902, and one year 
later, during which time he was employed as a commercial teacher, 
he entered the Law Department of Milsaps College, where he re- 
mained one year, completing his law course in 1904. He located for 
practice .in the City of Jackson and soon won a reputation as an in- 
dustrious and capable young attorney. In 1907, he was elected to the 
State Senate and served his first term in that body when twenty- 
seven years of age. He was re-elected in 1911 and while a member of 
that body was influential and active in much of its legislation. Among 
the laws for which he was responsible while a member of the Senate, 
are the county and municipal depository laws; the law for placing the 
County Treasurer on a fixed salary of $300.00, instead of a fee basis, 
the law abolishing the office of municipal treasurer. In addition to 
these, he was the author of the law abolishing the fellow servant rule 
as to all persons and corporations using "engine cars and any con- 
trivances whatever propelled by the dangerous agency of steam, gas, 
gasoline and electricity;" author of the law abolishing the defense of 
contributory negligence, substituting therefor the present system of 
comparative negligence. Judge Potter has had the support of the Su- 
preme Court of Mississippi in these measures, the "fellow-servant act" 
being sustained in an appeal to the Supreme Court of the United 
States. 

Judge Potter in Lis official capacity and as an attorney, has been 
connected with a great deal of constructive legislation.. He was in- 
strumental in having submitted, at the 1914 session of the Legislature, 
the six amendments having in view the increase of the Supreme Court, 
providing that it could work in two divisions, and that the judges 
therefor should be elected by the people. 

At the Bar Association in Gulfport in 1914, he secured the adoption 
of resolutions providing that the president should appoint a committee 
to give publicity to the Supreme Court amendments. As secretary of 
the committee, Jiidge Potter was active in securing a favorable vote 
for the ratification of the Supreme Court amendments. 



542 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

He has been engaged in a number of important cases, among them 
being a suit of the Natchez Southern Railroad Company against Craw- 
ford, in which the constitutionality of the contributory negligence stat- 
ute was upheld by the Mississippi Supreme Court; the case involving 
the right of the City of Jackson to allow the library to be situated in 
Smith Park, and settling the question of title to Smith Park. Also, the 
suit upholding the constitutionality of the law exempting building and 
loan associations and kindred money lending concerns from the gen- 
eral 8 per cent law. 

Judge Potter is a Democrat: in religious faith leans to the 'Christian 
Church. He is a member of the fraternal Orders of Masons, (Knight 
Templar and Shriner) ; Knights of Pythias; Woodmen of the Worla. 

He was appointed a justice of the Supreme Court in 1916 and is 
among the youngest members who ever served in that capacity. Judge 
Potter is unmarried. 



George Cliftox Myers 

George Clifton Myers of Jackson, Miss., Clerk of the Supreme Court 
of Mississippi, was born September 2nd, 1852, at Byhalia, Marshall 
County, Mississippi, and is the son of George Boggan Myers and Usebia 
Saxon (Rodgers) Myers of Marshall County. Miss. 

George Boggan Myers was the son of Absalom Myers and Adeline 
Boggan Myers. He was born at Wadesboro, Anson County, N. Caro- 
lina. In 1848, he moved with his parents to Byhalia, Miss. He entered 
the Confederate service as Captain of Company I, 10th Mississippi 
Regiment. He was seriously wounded at Munfordsville, Ky.; was pro- 
moted to Lieutenant-Colonel of the 10th Mississippi Regiment, and 
lost his left arm at Jonesboro, Ga., in 1864. He was captured and kept 
a prisoner at Johnson's Island, Lake Erie, until the close of the war, 
being paroled in May. 1865. 

The mother of George Clifton Myers w r as the daughter of James 
Saxon Rodgers and wife, Emily Ware of Laurens District, S. Carolina, 
from which place they moved to Byhalia, Miss, in 1848. His great- 
grandfather, Marmauuke Myers, immigrated to America and skilled on 
the eastern shores of Maryland, afterwards removing to North Caro- 
lina. His maternal ancestors came from England and settled in South 
Carolina; Joseph S. Rodgers, his maternal grandfather, served in the 
Seminole War. 

Mr. Myers received his early education in the pay schools of Marshall 
County during the Civil War, and after the close of the war attended 
Chalmers' Institute at Holly Springs. He took a course of law at 
Holly Springs, also a course in book-keeping, but never practiced law, 
as he was appointed Clerk of the Circuit Court in 1S79, and under the 
Statute, could not practice while in office. 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 543 

In this position he served from May 5th, 1879 to September 22nd, 
1903. He was first appointed to the office by Gov. John M. Stone, to 
succeed his father who died May 4th, 1S79, after which he was re- 
elected six consecutive terms. 

In 1903, Mr. Myers was appointed, by Gov. A. H. Longino, Supreme 
Court Clerk to succeed E. W. Brown, and has entered on his fourth 
term. 

Mr. Myers was a member of the "Red Shirt Brigade" in 1875, when 
the State was carried by the Democratic party and the Republicans 
were removed from office. He was largely instrumental in carrying 
the County of Marshall for Democracy. He was elected Captain of a 
company from Holly Springs, in 1S9S, for the Spanish-American War. 
He brought one hunderd men to Jackson for the First Regiment of 
Mississippi Volunteers. On physical examination he failed and did not 
go to Chickamauga with the regiment. 

Mr. Myers is a member of the Episcopal Church, member of the 
vestry, and secretary of St. Andrew's Church, Jackson, Miss. He is 
Past Master of Masons, Past Grand High Priest of Royal Arch Chap- 
ter of Mississippi; Grand Commander of the Grand Commandery of 
Mississippi; Past Grand Protector of Knights and Ladies of Honor: 
Past Chancellor of Knights of Pythias; and is at present Master of 
Kad.osh of Albert Pike Consistory of Scottish Rite Masons, and Orient 
of Mississippi Valley of Jackson. 

Mr. Myers is a prominent and influential citizen of Jackson, and, 
though having, nearly all of his life, been connected with the political 
life of his State, his ideals of right have never been subverted for sel- 
fish purposes. With a high standard of citizenship, he accepts no favor 
with a price that entails a loss of honor, disdaining place and position 
if not worthily won. He has been honored with high office in the 
Sons of Confederate Veterans and other organizations, and in every 
position of life has reflected honor upon Mississippi. 

On January 20, 1880, Mr. Myers was married to Ida Greer Bracken 
of Holly Springs, Miss. Mrs. Myers is the daughter of Elvis Jett 
Bracken and Frances Wright Bracken of Holly Springs. The •latter's 
mother was a Miss Lewis, related to Meriwether Lewis; her brother, 
Gen. Marcus J. Wright of Washington City, was a Brigadier General 
in the Confederate States Army, and now holds an important position 
in the Confederate Records Division of the War Department. 
< Mr. and Mrs. Myers have four children, George Boggan Myers, 
a noted Episcopal clergyman and dean of Trinity Cathedral in Havana, 
Cuba; Clayton Hull, Elvis Lucas, and Benjamin McKie. 



' 15C>7976 



544 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS. OFFICES AND BOARDS 



CHANCELLORS 

Abneb Johx McIxtyre 
First District 

Abner John Mclntyre, of Booneville, Chancellor of the First Dis- 
trict, was born November 29, 1872, at Tiplersville, Tippah County. 
Miss. He is the son of William James Mclntyre and Sarah Elizabeth 
(McCoy) Mclntyre. The paternal grandfather and grandmother of 
Chancellor Mclntyre were born in Scotland, and later lived in Cumber- 
land County, N. C, their names being Win. J. Mclntyre and Mary- 
Stewart Mclntyre. The latter was a descendant of the Stewarts of 
Scotland. 

' Chancellor Mclntyre's father moved from North Carolina to Ripley, 
Miss., where he served for fourteen years as County Tax Assessor, and 
for twelve years as Chancery Clerk. His wife was the daughter of 
Abner McCoy and Mary McCoy of Tippah County. 

Chancellor Mclntyre received his early education in the country 
schools of Tippah County, principally under the instruction of his 
father. Upon completion of the course of the High School at Ripley, 
Miss., he entered the University of Mississippi for the study of law, 
where he graduated in 1897, with the degree of LL. B. He immedi- 
ately began the practice of law in Ripley and after marked success, he 
removed, in 1908, to Booneville, where he continued his professional 
career. In January, 1914, he accepted the position of Chancellor for his 
District, the First. Since that time he has been faithful and untiring 
in the duties of his office, and has won for himself a high reputation as 
an able jurist and a fair and'eonscientious judge. He leads in every 
movement for the general uplift of his section; he is a Democrat, chair- 
man of the Congressional Executive Committee of the Second District 
in 1900-1902; was Chairman of the Executive Committee of Prentiss 
County; and resigned that office when elected Chancellor of the First 
District. He has been a member of the State Executive Committee. 

He is a Baptist, mpmbpr of the State Executive Committee of the 
Laymen's work of the Baptist Church. He is a member of the fra- 
ternal orders of Masons, Knights of Pythias, and Woodman of the 
World. 

On April 21, 1904, he was married to Stella Ora Tays, daughter of 
Jas. Polk Tays and Sarah Gabell Tays, who lived at Booneville, Miss. 
Chancellor and Mrs. Mclntyre have three children, James Abner, 
John Tays, and Elmer Sharp, 



CHANCELLORS 





A. J. McINTYRE 

Chancellor, 1st District 



J. G. McGOWEN 

Chancellor, 3rd District 





G. C. TANN 
Chancellor, 2d District 



R. W. CUTRER 
Chancellor, 4th District 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 545 

George Clarke Tann 
Second District 

George Clarke Taim of Hickory, Miss., Chancellor of the Second 
District, was born June 6, 185S, at Mokalussa. Miss. He is the son of 
Thomas Austin Tann and Matilda Ann (Floyd) Tann of Alabama and 
Mississippi. His father was a gallant soldier in the. Confederate Army, 
was wounded at Murfreesboro, Tenn., and died a few days after at 
Bethel Springs, Tenn. He was the son of Alfred Tann and Mary Daniel 
Tann of Eutaw and Jones' Bluff, Ala. 

Chancellor Tann's paternal grandfather, Alfred Tann, was a soldier 
under William Henry Harrison at the Battle of Tippecanoe and also 
served a long time at Fort Vincennes. He was a pioneer of the State 
of Indiana, but came to Alabama in 1817, settling near what is now 
Tuscaloosa, Ala., and was afterward in the Creek War. He died in 
1863 in Jones Bluff, Sumter County, Ala., after an actiye and heroic 
pioneer life. 

Chancellor Tann's mother was the daughter of Preslie Floyd and 
Winifred (Hodges) Floyd, of Moscow, Kemper County, Miss. Preslie 
Floyd removed from North Carolina to Kemper County, Miss., in the 
year 1840, where he resided until his death in 1851. 

Chancellor Tann obtained his early education at home; went one 
year to the Baptist College at Cleburne, Texas and four years in Dale- 
ville, Miss., graduating at the latter place in 1884, with degree of A. B. 
He had always been a student and whenever possible, spent much 
time in the study of classic literature. He studied law in an office in 
Philadelphia, Miss., and was licensed to practice in 1887, in Philadel- 
phia and Hickory. 

He is a Democrat, has never asked nor held any political office, until 
January, 1915, when he became Chancellor. He served on the Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee from 1905. to 1909, and also on the County 
Executive Committee from 1900 to 1909. As a public official he renders 
efficient and faithful service, and although he hatf never sought politi- 
cal office prior to the position he now holds, he is popular with the 
people of his section, ana is destined to remain a prominent figure In, 
the political life of his District. 

He is a member of the Methodist Church, and of the fraternal Order 
of Masons. On October 20, 1887, he married Beulah Isabella Yates, a 
daughter of Thomas E. Yates and Susan Lee Yates, of Philadelphia, 
Miss. Mrs. Tann's grandfather, Darling Yates, moved from Georgia 
into Alabama in 1840, and from Alabama into Mississippi about 1S50. 

Chancellor and Mrs. Tann have two children, Rob Roy Tann. 
married and has one child. Court Stenographer, educated at University 
of Mississippi. Georgia Beulah educated at Martha Washington Col- 
lege at Abingdon, Va., now teaching at Columbus, Miss. 

35 — m 



546 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

James Greer McGowen 

Third District 

James Greer McGowen of Water Valley, Miss., Chancellor of the 
Third District, was born September 19. 1S70, at Nesbit, DeSoto County. 
Miss. He is the son of James Greer McGowen, Sr. and Mary E. (Dean; 
McGowen. He is of Scotch-Irish and English descent. His father, a 
native of Lafayette County, Miss., was a soldier in the Confederate 
Army, enlisted as First Lieutenant of the "Horn Lake Volunteers" 
and was acting as Captain when his company was captured at the 
Battle of Franklin, Tenn., after a desperate struggle nearly every 
member was either killed or wounded. 

Chancellor McGowen's paternal grandfather, John H. McGowen, was 
a lineal descendant of General John McGowen, who took part in the 
American Revolution, in the Carolinas. The Mississippi family coming 
of a worthy and distinguished ancestry, continued to render faiihfui 
service to their county and state. 

Determined to give his children as good advantages as his circum- 
stances permitted, the father kept his son James in the common 
schools of DeSoto County, where he obtained a good High School edu 
cation. He afterwards attended the State University at Oxford, Miss.. 
and took a business course in Leddin's Business College, in Memphis. 
Tenn. 

In 1893, Chancellor McGowen began the practice of law in DeSoto 
County, afterwards removing to Water Valley, where he successfully 
continued his profession. His rapid advancement in his professional 
life indicated the possession of those qualities that make for leader- 
ship in public life. He is one of the most influential men of his com- 
munity, in the progress of which he is deeply interested. In 19(»4-0S, 
he represented his county in the Legislature; was city attorney for 
Water Valley from 1906 to 1913: attorney for Yalobusha County in 
1912-1913, and was appointed Chancellor by Governor Earl Brewer, on 
September 15, 1913, as successor to Judge Duke M. Kimbrough; was 
elected to that office in August, 1914. 

Chancellor McGowen is a Democrat; steward and Sunday school su- 
perintendent in the Methodist Episcopal Church South; delegate to 
General Conference from the North Mississippi Conference; Trustee 
of Grenada College; and Chairman Sunday-school Board North Mis- 
sissippi Conference. He is a Mason, a member of the Woodmen of the 
World, and presiding officer of the Odd Fellows and Knights of Pythias. 

On November 8, 1893, he was married to Lucia Lamar Richmond, 
daughter of Dr. D. F. Richmond and Susan Randall Richmond of Eu- 
dora, Miss. They have three children, James Greer, Jr., Hardy 
Richmond and Miriam LeClair. 



CHANCELLORS 



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OSCAR B. TAYLOR 
Chancellor. 5th District 



J. A. MAY 
Chancellor, 7th District 



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A. Y. WOODWARD 
Chancellor. 6th District 



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D. M. RUSSELL 
Chancellor, 10th District 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 547 

Richard Wiltz Cutrer 

Fourth District 

Richard Wiltz Cutrer of Magnolia, Miss., Chancellor of the Fourth 
District, was born May 8, 1876, at Osyka, Pike County, Miss. He is 
the son of Isaac Wesley Cutrer and Mary (Sullivan) Cutrer, the 
former being originally from Tangipahoa Parish, La., and the latter 
from Mobile, Ala. They lived at various times in Covington and New 
Orleans. La., and in Osyka, Miss. I. W. Cutrer was a merchant in 
Covington, commission merchant in New Orelans, merchant at Osyka, 
mayor of that town, and Justice of the Peace of the Fifth Supervisors' 
District of Pike County, Miss. Chancellor Cutrer's paternal grand- 
father emigrated from France and settled in South Carolina, where 
he married. Miss Sarah Brown and moved to a farm near Tangipahoa, 
La., where they spent the remainder of their lives. Chancellor Cutrer's 
maternal grandfather came from Ireland, first settled' in Virginia and 
later removed to Alabama, where he married Miss Ale Wiltz, a first 
cousin of Governor Wiltz of Louisiana. 

Chancellor Cutrer early enjoyed good educational advantages. He 
received his primary education in the private and public schools of 
Osyka and later attended Mississippi College, Clinton, Miss., and the 
University of Kentucky, graduating from the commercial department 
of the latter. During 1900-1901, he attended the Law Department of 
the "University of Mississippi and began the practice of his profession 
at Osyka, in 1901. In September of that year, he moved to Magnolia 
and has since enjoyed a large practice, appearing as counsel in many 
of the most important criminal and civil cases in his section. In April, 
1910, Governor Noel appointed him as Prosecuting Attorney for Pike 
County, the term lasting to January, 1912. He was appointed by Gov- 
ernor Earl Brewer in October, 1913, as Chancellor of the Fourth Chan- 
cery District. In November, 1914, he was elected to the same office 
for four years, beginning January 1, 1915. Chancellor Cutrer has 
been very successful in his practice and is one of the promising young 
lawyers of the state. 

He is a Democrat; a deacon of the Presbyterian church; is a Shriner 
Mason and Woodman of the World. On February 10, 1904, he married 
Elizabeth Lewis at Lebanon, Ky. She is the daughter of George Wash 
ington Lewis and Annie Montgomery Lewis, who lived at Campbells 
ville, Ky. Geo. W. Lewis was the son of James Lewis and Elizabeth 
Cain. James Lewis was the son of John and Mary Lewis of Virginia. 
His parents removed! to Campbellsville, Ky., where they reared their 
children, giving them the advantases usually enjoyed by the hstter 
classes. Elizabeth Cain was the daughter of James O. Cain and Eliza- 
beth (Hayette) Cain, whose father was an English nobleman, who dis- 



548 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS. OFFICES AND BOARDS 

inherited her because of her marriage with one not of the nobility. 
Mrs. Cutrer's mother was the daughter of Nathaniel and Patsey (Wins- 
ton) Montgomery, who was a first cousin of Governor Bolivar Btickner 
of Kentucky. 

At the close of the Civil War, Chancellor Cutrer's father found his 
wealth gone and at his death in 1889, the young son, a boy of thir- 
teen, was left to care for his mother and younger children. He met bis 
responsibilities bravely and by hard work on the farm and as clerk, 
made enough to take a business course. After completing -this, he 
engaged in book-keeping and thus paid his expenses, while taking his 
law course, beginning his practice in 1901. 

Chancellor and Mrs. Cutrer have three children, Lewis Wesley, 
Mary Ellena and Elizabeth Tillie. 



Oscar Bomar Taylor 
Fifth District 

Oscar Bomar Taylor of Jackson, Miss., Chancellor of the Fifth Dis- 
trict, was born October 15, 1880, at Lodi, Miss. He is the son of Wil- 
liam Prevatt Taylor of Lodi, and Wilmoth Ann (Hurt) Taylor of Wi- 
nona, Miss. William P. Taylor was a native of Kentucky. He was 
engaged in farming after his removal to Mississippi and took part in 
all the movements in his community for the improvement of society. 
Chancellor Taylor's mother was the daughter of Dr. Xesbit Hurt and 
Elizabeth Miriam Hurt of Montgomery County, Miss. 

Chencellor Taylor obtained his early education in the rural schools 
of Montgomery County and the Hish School of Winona, near which 
place his mother's family resided. Ha vine: laid the foundation of a lib- 
eral education, he attended Mississippi College and was graduated 
from that institution with the degree of A. B. and second honors. He 
afterwards graduated from the Law Department of Milsaps College 
and, in 1Q07 hP'^n bjc; nraoticp in Jackson, Miss. He has rapidly 
advanced in his profession and is not a blind partisan of any political 
faction. 

From 1908 to 1912, he served as Trustee of the State Insane Hos- 
pital; in 1910, he became Prosecuting Attorney for Hinds County, 
Miss.; and in 1915, he was elected Chancellor of the Fifth District, 
which office he still holds. 

Chancellor Taylor in political faith is a Democrat; is a deacon and 
Financial Secretary of the First Baptist Church of Jackson, Miss., was 
Superintendent of that Sunday-school from 1914 to 1916, when he re- 
signed on account of the duties of his profession and official position. 
In the fraternal Order of Masons, Chancellor Taylor has taken the 3e- 





ROWLAND W. HEIDELBERG 
Circuit Judge, 10th District 



H. H. RODGERS 
Circuit Judge, 5th District 





J. F. GUYXES 
Circuit Judge. 14th District 



E. D. DIXKINS 
Circuit Jud^e, 17th District 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 549 

grees of Knights Templar. Thirty-second Degree, Scottish Rile and Wa 
habi Temple A. A. 0. of Mystic Shrine. He is also a Knight of Pythias 
and a Woodman of the World. 

On April 24, 1911. Chancellor Taylor was married to Lillie Belle 
Rowan, daughter of Dr. Elias Alford Rowan and Julia Lamb Rowan, 
of Wesson, Miss. Chancellor and Mrs. Taylor have one child, Oscar Bo- 
mar Taylor, Jr. 



Albert Youxg Woodward 
Sixth District 

Albert Young Woodward of Louisville, Miss., Chancellor of the 
Sixth District, was born August 10, 1879. He is the son of Dr. George 
Prentice Woodward and Susan Catherine (Metis) Woodward of Win- 
ston County. His mother was the daughter of Captain Mike A. Metts 
and Mary Nash Metts of Louisville. Dr. G. P. Woodward resided in 
Louisville for near a half century and was for thirty-five years the 
leading physician in the town and county. He was public-spirited and 
benevolent, and took an active part in all movements for the benefit of 
society and the advancement of his section. His parents, Dr. George 
Young Woodward and Nancy (Carlisle) Woodward, were among the 
oldest settlers of Louisville, and became one of its leading families. 
The Woodwards came to Mississippi from South Carolina, where Chan- 
cellor Woodward's paternal grandfather was born in Fairfield District, 
December 2, 1830. His lather's mother was z. native of Chester Dis- 
trict, S. C, and was a member of the celebrated Carlisle family that 
furnished so many distinguished preachers to the Methodist Church. 
Chancellor Woodward's maternal grandfather, Capt. Mike A. Metts, was 
a native of Newberry District, S. C. He took an active part in the po- 
litics of Winston County, Miss., and served, as Sheriff of that county 
for fourteeen years. He also served as State Senator and Representa- 
tive for many years. He was Captain of Mett's Legion in the Civil 
War: Chancellor Woodward's maternal grandmother was bora in Aber- 
ville District, Septomfeeir 1, 1830. She was the granddaughter of Gen 
eral Washington Hodges and a niece of Major John Hodges of Revolu- 
tionary fame. The latter lived to a great age and it is recorded that 
he often, at the ripe old age of 105, walked fifteen miles for his dinner. 

The Woodwards and Metts have been influential religious and po- 
litical leaders of their section for over fifty years. Dr. George Y. 
Woodward was one of the leading business men and physicians of his 
section for fifty years, and served as a Surgeon in the Confederate 
Army. 

Chancellor Woodward's early education was obtained in the public 
schools of Louisville, Miss., and he graduated from the Louisville Nor- 















/ 



550 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS. OFFICES AND BOARDS 

mal College. Afterwards, he attended Milsaps College, and took a Law 
course at the University of [Mississippi. He obtained license to prac- 
tice and began at Okolona; moved to Hattiesburg and became senior 
partner in the law firm of Woodward & Johnson. For the last twelve 
years, he has practiced at Louisville. He was Mayor of Louisville 
for two terms and declined re-election. On August 18, 1914, he was 
elected Chancllor of the Sixth District, which office he still fills to the 
entire satisfaction of his constituents. This is Chancellor Woodward's 
first term in an office of this nature and the people of his District have 
made a wise selection. 

Chancellor Woodward has been a life-long Democrat; was Chairman 
of the Winston County Executive Committee for twelve years and re- 
signed this office to become a candidate for Chancellor. 

For the past twelve years, he has been a steward in the Methodist 
Episcopal Church South, at Louisville; also District Steward of the 
Durant District; and a member of the Sunday-school Board of North 
Mississippi Conference. 

He is a member of the Phi Kappa Psi Greek Letter Fraternity, ond 
of the fraternal Orders of Masons, Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias, 
Eastern Star and Maccabees Lodge, a Past Master, Past High Priest, 
Past Chancellor Commander, Past Noble Grand and a Past Worthy 
Patron. 

On June 27, 1906, he was married to Ellen Bailey Sullivan, daughter 
of William V. Sullivan and Belle Murray Sullivan of Oxford, Miss. 
Mrs. Woodward's paternal grandfather was Dr. John I. Sullivan, a 
surgeon in the Confederate Army. Her maternal grandparents were 
James Murray and Belle Anderson Murray. The latter was a descend- 
ant of William Preston and Mai garet Adair Anderson, also of John 
Adair who lived at Chester District, S. C. and entered the Revolution- 
ary Army in 1777, at the age of twenty. He served as private, captain 
and major in Colonel Sumter's Regiment. After the war he went to 
Kentucky, later served as Governor and United States Senator, and 
commanded the Kentucky troops at the Battle of New Orleans, as 
Brigadier General. Mrs. Woodward's father was a prominent lawyer 
and United States Senator from Missis^inni. She is a niece of Joseph 
W. Bailey, Former United States Senator from Texas. 

Chancellor and Mrs. Woodward have one child, Albert Youns 
Woodward, Jr. 



Joseph Albeiit May. 

Seventh District. 

Joseph Albert May, of Sumner, was born June 22, 1882, in Simrson 
County, Miss., and is the son of Joseph May and Parnecy Catherine 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 551 

(Howell) May, of Mendenhall, Miss. He now fills with ability the po- 
sition of Chancellor of the Seventh District. He is of English ancestry, 
his great-great-grandfather, Joseph May, having emigrated from Eng- 
land to America, served in the Army of the Revolution, being present 
when Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown. After the war he settled 
in Virginia and later moved to Georgia. His son, William May, moved 
from Georgia to Simpson County, Miss., and served for years as Prc- 
bate Judge of that county. His son, Joseph May, father of Chancellor 
May, was born in Simpson County, Miss., and enlisted in the Confeder- 
ate army at the beginning of the war, as a private, and served through 
the war, having been elected Lieutenant. He served under Generals 
Hood, Lowry, Loring, Johnston, and Beauregard and fought in the bat- 
tles of Baker's Creek, Franklin, Manassas, Vicksburg, and others. 

Chancellor May's mother, Parnecy Catherine May, is the daughter of 
Lewis Howell and Ruth Howell, who were prominent in the early 
history of Rankin County, Miss. 

Mr. May worked on the farm in his early youth and graduated at 
Braxton Collegiate Institute in Simpson County, Miss. Later, he grad- 
uated at Mississippi College, Clinton, Miss., receiving the B. A. de- 
gree. He is also a graduate of the Law Department of Millsaps Col- 
lege, Jackson, Miss., in which he received the LL. B. degree. He be- 
came a practising attorney at Sumner, Miss., where he has made for 
himself a high reputation as a lawyer. He was elected State Repre- 
sentative in 1911, and in 1914 was elected Chancellor of the Seventh 
District. In the Legislature, Mr. May was a member of the following 
committees: — Mississippi Levees, Corporations, Constitution, Judiciary, 
Public Printing, and Drainage. He has always taken a leading part in 
the movements for the benefit of his country and has been a progres- 
sive and helpful citizen in his section of the State. 

He is a member of the Baptist Church, a Columbian Wocdman, 
Woodman of the World, and a Mason. On the 25th of January, 1911, 
he was married to Miss Minnie Maude McMullen, of Sumner, Miss., 
daughter of Nathan James McMullen and Anne (Powers) McMullen 
of that place. Mrs. May is the great-great-grand-niece of Patrick Hen- 
ry of Revolutionary fame, and the grand-niece of Brigadier-General 
Barry of the Confederate army. 



Walter McKexxox Dexxy, Jr. 

Eighth District. 

Walter McKennon Denny, Jr., of Pascagoula, Miss., Chancellor of the 
Eighth District was born April 1, 1876, at Moss Point, Jackson County, 
Miss. He is the son of Walter McKennon Denny and Huida (Randall) 
Denny of Moss Point, and Pascagoula. His father served as Circuit 



552 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS. OFFICES AND BOARDS 

and Chancery Clerk of Jackson County for thirteen years and at the 
expiration of that time was elected to the lower House of Congress 
from the Sixth Congressional District. He was the son of Waiter Den- 
ny and Nancy McKennon Denny, of Moss Point. 

Chancellor Denny is of New England ancestry, his maternal grand- 
father, Lyman Randall, coming to Jackson County, Miss., from Massa- 
chusetts when about eighteen years of age. Soon after his becoming 
of age, he served one term as Sheriff of his county; afterwards con- 
ducted a general mercantile business until his death. He was a veter- 
an of the Confederate Army. 

Walter Denny, paternal grandfather of Chancellor Denny, was a na- 
tive of Greene County, Miss. He was a Confederate soldier and after 
the Civil War, settled in Jackson County and engaged in the manufac- 
ture of yellow pine lumber, an occupation common to that region of 
Mississippi which abounds in extensive pine forests. 

Chancellor Denny obtained his early education in the schco'.s of 
Pascagoula, Jackson County, Misss. He then attended Spring Hill 
College at Mobile, Ala. and, later, the Columbian University of Wash- 
ington, D. C. Having received a good preliminary preparation at 
home, he finished his professional course as an attorney, at CJumbian 
College, Washington, D. C. Being thoroughly equipped for his pro- 
fession he was soon recognized as one of the leading young men of his 
section. He began the practice of law in September, 1902, at Pasca- 
goula and continued practice until May 10, 1915, when he tecame 
Chancellor of the Eighth Chancery Court District by temporary ap- 
pointment, and was elected to fill the unexpired term of his predeces- 
sor, J. M. Stevens, at a special election, held July 6, 1915. 

He is a Democrat; served for one year as a member of the Jackson 
County Democratic Executive Committee and member of th2 Eigeth 
Chancery Court Executive Committee, until May 10, 1915. He is a 
member of the Catholic Church and of the Woodmen of the World and 
the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks of America. 

On July 14, 1904, he was married to Irene Griffin at Pascagoula, 
Miss., daughter of Jacob Washington Griffin and Mary Brown Grif- 
fin, who have lived at Moss Point, Enterprise and Meridian, Miss. 

Chancellor and Mrs. Denny have three children, Walter McKen- 
non, Frank Griffin and Lyman Randall. 



Emmet NrcriOLsox Thomas. 

Ninth District. 

Emmet Nicholson Thomas of Greenville. Miss.. Chancellor of th° 
Ninth District, was born June 10, 1855, at Gonzales, Texas, and is the 
son of William Thomas and Ann (Rodgers) Thomas of Tennessee. 




^^M^M»^M 



J. H. NEVILLE 
Circuit Judge, 2nd District 




J. L. BATES 
Circuit Judge, 3rd District 




I 






;g^?fe/ ^ 




_M_ 



J. D. CARR 
Circuit Judge. 8th District 



FRANK E. EVERETT 
Circuit Judge, 4th District 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 553 

William Thomas lived in Vicksburg, prior to the Civil War, being a 
commission merchant of that place. He held the office of Probate 
Judge in Texas during the war. Ann Rodgers Thomas was a direct 
descendent of the Campbells of Scotland, while her husband was of 
Welsh descent. It should be observed here that from a long expe- 
rience in tracing genealogies, the author has found that family tra- 
ditions, in nearly every instance, contain much truth, sometimes in- 
accurate as to detail, but true in substance. 

Chancellor Thomas received his elementary training at the primary 
schools of Gonzales, Texas, afterwards entering college at that place. 
He, later, attended Mississippi College, Clinton, Mississippi, where 
he graduated in 1876, with the degree of B. A. and where he afterwards 
received the degree A. M. He read law in the office of Judge Robt. 
B. Campbell and began the practice in 1880, at Greenville where he 
soon built up a successful practice. He was solicited to represent his 
county in the Legislature, and served as a member of the lower House 
in 1890_96-1900. In sessions of 1904-6, he was Speaker of the House. 
He was a member of the Board of Mississippi Levee Commissioners 
in' 1908-9, and Chancellor of the Ninth District from May, 1910 
to the present time. He has held continuously, since 1890, some pub- 
lic office — City, County, District or State. In his long public career, 
he has always rendered faithful and efficient service and is regarded 
as one of the ablest men of his section. 

In political faith Chancellor Thomas is a Democrat. In 1896 he be- 
gan to urge reform in the State's penal system and was very active 
in the long effort for better conditions, which culminated in the pres- 
ent system. 

He is an elder in the First Presbyterian Church of Greenville. In 
the fraternal Order of Masons, he was Grand Master in 1903; is Chair- 
man on Committee on Masonic Law and Jurisprudence, which posi- 
tion he has held since 1904. He is the author of "Judicial Laws, De- 
cisions and Digest of the Grand Lodge Free and Accepted Masons 
of Mississippi, 1818 to 1914, inclusive." 

On January 28, 1885, Chancellor Thomas was married to Martha H. 
Shakelford, daughter of John H. and Anne Shakp'ford of St. Louis, 
Missouri. They have three children, Mary, Samuel B., and Anne 
(Thomas) Dyer, (Mrs. Howard Dyer). 



Daniel Monroe Russell. 

Tenth District. 

Daniel Monroe Russell of Magpp, Simpson County, Miss., Chancellor 
of the Tenth District, was born May 3, 1871, near Raleigh, Smith 
County, Miss. He is the son of Frank Russell and Mary Catherine 



554 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

McLaurin. Frank Russell removed, with his father, from Coffee Coun- 
ty, Ala., when he was only eight years old. The family settled in 
Smith County, Miss. With the exception of two years spent in Texas. 
he has always lived in this State. He was the son of John Russell 
and Annie Jane Russell of Alabama and later of Bezer, Smith Coun- 
ty, Miss. 

Chancellor Russell is of English and Irish ancestry. His father was 
of English and his mother of Irish descent. The ancestors of each 
settled in North Carolina, later removing to Georgia, and thence to 
Alabama. The first settlers of the family fought in the American Rev- 
olution and were among the builders and makers of the Republic. 
John Russell served in the Confederate Army throughout the Civil 
War. He survived to rear a large family and died May 22, 1915. 

Chancellor Russell's father, Frank Russell, was a young man dur- 
ing Reconstruction days, in which troublesome time he assisted in re- 
viving the industrial life of his State, which had been largely neg- 
lected during the war. He settled on a farm and by industry and rigid 
economy soon accumulated a nice property, engaging in mercantile 
business in connection with farming. He was a man of sterling worth, 
and reared and educated ten children. 

Chancellor Russell's maternal ancestors were of the Highlands of 
Scotland from which country they immigrated to America and settled 
in the Carolinas, the McLaurins locating in South and the Buchannans 
in North Carolina. His maternal grandfather, Hugh Laughlin McLau- 
rin, was born in South Carolina in the year 1815, being a cousin of 
Lauch McLaurin (father of the late Senator Anselm J. McLaurin). 
Hugh Laughlin McLaurin came to Mississippi before attaining his ma- 
jority, locating in Smith County, where he married Mary Adaline Buch- 
annan about the year 1850. She was a native of Kemper County, Miss., 
her ancestors having emigrated from Scotland to North Carolina in 
colonial times, thence to Kemper County, Miss. This family settled 
in Smith County where they reared a large family, and their oldest 
daughter married Frank Russell and their youngest son is a prom- 
inent attorney at law in Covington County. This couple, Frank Russell 
and Mary Catherine McLaurin, were the parents or Daniel Monroe 
Russell, the subject of this sketch. 

Chancellor Russell obtained his early education in the common and 
high schools of Smith and Jasper Counties, from which he received a 
thorough elementary training. In 1894, he graduated in college with 
the B. S. degree with honor; read law and taught school for some time, 
entered the University of Mississippi, completing his course in law 
at that institution in 1897-8. He began his practice at Raleigh, Miss.. 
removed to Taylorsville, same county, in 1903, went to Texas in 19(7. 
but returned to his native town in 1909, locating at his present home 
in Smith County, entering partnership with his uncle, R C. Russell. 
This continued until he was appointed Chancellor in April, 1914. Judge 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS. OFFICES AND BOARDS 555 

Russell has devoted himself to his profession and has made a fine rec- 
ord as a civil and chancery lawyer. He had never held any political 
office nor had he ever been a candidate for one except when a very 
young man, he offered for chancery clerk and was defeated by only 
twenty votes. He has never performed any military service nor held 
any military position. 

Judge Russell is a Democrat and his first political service was in 
the year he reached his majority, when President Cleveland was first' 
elected. He was Secretary of the local Democratic Campaign Club ard 
was in demand for speeches throughout his section. He has frequent- 
ly represented his county on executive committees and State conven- 
tions. 

Judge Russell has been a member of the Baptist Church, since eariy 
manhood, and has for years been a deacon and superintendent of the 
Sunday-school. He is a very active layman and has represented his 
church in many of the large denominational assemblies 

He is a Master Mason; a Woodman of the World since 1809; and 
a Knight of Pythias, hiving held the highest positions in the local or- 
ganizations of the two latter orders. 

On May 3, 1896. he was married to Beuiah Harvey Watkins at Ra- 
leigh, Miss. Mrs. Russell is the daughter of James Thomas Watkins 
and Josephine (Kill) Watkins, who lived at Raleigh, Smith County, 
Miss. Her father is the editor of "The Taylorsville Signal," and has 
been a prominent newspaperman of his vicinity, for nearly thirty 
years, during which time he has ably filled the offices of superintend- 
ent of education, assessor, circuit clerk and mayor of Taylorsville. 
He is the son of Capt. William Watkins who distinguished himself in 
the Civil War. Mrs. Russell's mother, Mrs. Josephine Watkins, was 
the daughter of Eli Hi'.l, brother of Senator R. H. Hill of Smith Coun- 
ty, and half-brother of Judge T. A. Wood of Gulfport, Miss. 

Judge and Mrs. Russell have six children, Anselm Bryan, Irl Wat- 
kins, Mary Irene, Truett Miley, Lilian Josephine, and Daniel Wood- 
row. 



CIRCUIT JUDGES 

Claud Clayton-* 

First District 



When no sketches appear biographical data was not furnished. 



556 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOAJtDS 

James Hervey Neville. 
Second District. 

James Hervey Neville of Gulfport, Judge of the Second Circuit Court 
District of Mississippi, was born September 15, 1852, near Gainesville, 
Sumpter Count}-, Ala. He is the son of Andrew Lindsey Neville and 
Mary (McDow) Neville of Sumpter County, Ala. His father, was a 
native of South Carolina, from which state he moved to Mobile, Ala- 
bama. He is the son of William Neville of South Carolina and or" 
Sumpter County, Alabama. Like so many residents of the elder 
southern states, William Neville came with his family to the lower 
South in search of opportunities that had become more restricted in 
the first Colonial- states. In this manner the Mississippi Territory of 
which Alabama was a portion, received into her population a strain 
of the best blood that colonized America. 

Judge Neville obtained his early education in the private schools of 
Sumpter County, Ala., in which institutions he was carefully trained. 
He was a good student and, although he never attended college, he 
acquired a good English education by close application and study, 
supplemented with extensive reading. In 1874, he read law in the 
office of Charles Cooke of Gainsville, Ala., and began the practice in 
that city, whence he removed to Kemper County, Miss., and opened 
a law office in 1875. His advancement was rapid and he soon rose to 
distinction in his profession. His first public position was that of Al- 
derman of the town of Scooba, M ; ss., in the year .1878. In November 
1885, he was elected District Attorney of the Second Judicial District 
of Mississippi and was appointed Judge of the Second Judicial District 
by Gov. A. H. Longino, in which position he served two years. In No- 
vember 1914, he resigned this position and was elected Circuit Judge 
of- the sain© District. During Gov. John M. Stone's last administra- 
tion, he held the position of Judge Advocate General of the Missis- 
sippi National Guard. Rp is on? of the ablest members of the Missis- 
sippi Bar, and the state claims no citizen whose ideal; of justice and 
equity are purer than are those of Judge -James Hervey Neville. 

Judge Neville is a Democrat, member of the County Democratic Ex- 
ecutive Committee of Kemper County and member of the State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee; is an eider in the Presbyterian Church; 
member of the Fraternal Order of Masons, in which he has held the 
position of Past Master. On May 22, 1878. be was married to Susan 
C. Hart, daughter of James Edward Hart and Susan Ellison Hart of 
Scooba, Miss. Judge and Mrs. Neville have four children, Florence C. 
(Mrs. Virgil A. Griffith), James H. Jr., William H. and Edward McDow 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 557 

Joh.v Lee Bates. 
Third District. 

John Lee Bates of Oxford, Circuit Judge of the Third District, was 
born, July 12, 1877, on Cole's Creek in Calhoun County, Mississippi. 
He is the son of George W. Bates and Minerva Jane (Bailey) Bates, 
his father living- at Cole's Creek, and mother at Wiliamsville, Miss, 
before the marriage. His family were among the early settlers of his 
section and were attached to their places of residence, his father living 
at Cole's Creek for sixty-one years. George W. Bates was the son of 
John Thomas Bates and Sarah Bates of Cole's Creek, to which place 
they removed from South Carolina. Judge Bates' mother was the 
daughter of J. T. Bailey and Mary Bailey of Williamsville, Miss., and 
formerly of Choctaw County. 

Judge Bates received his early education at Cole's Creek Academy, 
an institution of much local influence in Calhoun County. He also at- 
tended Prof. H. B. Abernathy's school at Houston, Miss., and upon 
leaving this, he entered the Mississippi Normal College at Houston, 
where he distinguished himself as a student of exceptional ability. 
After teaching in the public schools for some three years, he entered 
the University of Mississippi for the study of law. From this institu- 
tion, he graduated in 1902. He immediately began the practice of his 
profession in Pittsboro. Calhoun County, Miss., and continued a suc- 
cessful practitioner, serving as a member of the Legislature of 1904 and 
1906, until he was elected Circuit Judge of his District, his success 
being very complimentary to him and gratifying to his friends. While 
a member of the Legislature of 1904-6, Judge Bates won for himself 
high reputation as an advocate of the best interests of his State, along 
educational and all progressive lines. 

He is a Democrat, a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
South, and of the fraternal Order of Masons. In his present position, 
he has rendered faithful service to the people of his District, with 
whom he is very popular. He is unmarried. 



s Fra:n~k Edgar Evekett. 

Fourth District. 

Frank Edgar Everett of Tndianola, Judge of the Fourth Circuit 
Court District, was born January 22, 1875, at Little Springs, Frank- 
lin County, Mi»s. He is the son of Alexander John Everett and Keren 
Hapoc (Walker) Everett of Tangipahoa and Little Springs, Mi>s. His 
father after his removal from Tangipahoa, settlement at Little 
Springs, the Civil War, where he continued to live until his death on 






, 



558 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

March 19, 1912. He was the principal of the school at that place for 
a number of years. He was the son of Thomas Everett and Martha 
Ann Everett of Tangipahoa. Amite County, Miss. He comes of one of 
the early, substantial families of Mississippi which, in each generation 
has taken a prominent part in the development of the State, along all 
lines of progress. 

Judge Everett's mother was the daughter of John Walker and Ca- 
mille Walker of Smithdale, Amite County, Miss. His early education 
was conducted by his father, who was an educator of much ability. 
Under this careful supervision, he was prepared to take up the study 
•'Of a special profession and entered the Law Department of Millsaps 
College, from which he was graduated in the class of 1900-1901. Be- 
ing admitted to the bar, he began his practice at Meadville, Franklin 
County, Miss., in January 1902, but moved from there to Brookhaven, 
and later to Indianola in July, 1905, where he followed his profession 
until appointed Circuit Judge by Governor Brewer, on October 4, 1913. 
. When the elective judiciary law went into effect in 1914, he became a 
candidate for election. Having filled the office with great ability, he 
had become very popular with the people and was elected to a full 
term without opposition. Prior to his incumbency in this office, he 
had served as Prosecuting Attorney for a number of years. Judge 
Everett is one of the most influential men of his section and has de- 
voted his time and talents to the promotion of all measures for the 
public good that come within the province of his profession. 

Judge Everett is a Democrat; a member of the Presbyterian Church; 
and a member of all branches of Masonry, from Blue Lodge to Shrine. 

On November 17, 1909, he was married to Sadie Elizabeth Luster of 
Edwards, Miss. Mrs. Everett is the daughter of Dr. George Luster 
and Ida Elizabeth Luster. 

Judge and Mrs. Everett have two children, Frank Edgar, Jr., and 
George Alexander. 



Hex ry Herman Rodgers. 

Fifth District. 

Henry Herman Rodgers of Louisville, Miss., Judge of the Fifth Cir- 
cuit Court District, was born October 22, 1869, near Noxapater, Nes".- 
oba County, Miss. He is the son of Samuel Adams Rodgers and Hazie 
Ann (Singleton) Rodgers of Montgomery County, Ala., and Neshota 
County, Miss. His father was a native of Chester County, South C.r- 
olina and was the son of Israel Rodgers and Rachel Adams Rodgers of 
Chester, South Carolina. Judge Rodgers is of Welsh descent on pa- 
ternal side. His greatgrandfather, and two brothers, fought under Gen- 
eral Braddock and were present at Jais defeat. His maternal ancestors 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 559 

were English on his grandfather's side, and German oil his grand- 
mother's side, and through the latter, he is related to the Heflins of 
Alabama. The preponderance of English and Welsh ancestry, how- 
ever, makes this family of the uniform type of Mississippians, a race 
composed largely of the descendents of natives of the British Isles. 

Judge Rodgers received his early education under the instruction 
of his cousin, Miss Shields, and his sister, Mrs. Samuel Adams, the 
former a private teacher, employed by Judge Rodgers' father and* his 
neighbors. Such teachers usually served longer lerms than the teach- 
ers of the free schools after the Civil War. The private school- was a 
universal custom before the Civil War, and a frequent occurrence after- 
wards. 

After this preliminary training, Judge Rodgers attended the State 
A. & M. College; took a scientific course in a Normal School, and 
taught school for three years, and studied law at Cumberland Uni 
versify, Lebanon, Tenn., where he graduated in 1895. His profes- 
sional practice has now extended over some twenty years, grad^aJy 
increasing, and giving him the opportunity of coming in close contact 
with the people of his community. In the important and respon- 
sible position which he now holds, there lies before him a wide field 
of usefulness to his state and country. 

He is a Democrat, a member of the Methodist Church, and of the 
fraternal orders of Odd Fellows and Knights of Pythias. His wife 
was Leita Louise Davis, daughter of Dr. H. H. Davis and Lelia Louise 
Davis, of Louisville, Miss. 

Judge and Mrs. Rodgers have three children, Henry Lee, Hazie 
Louise, and Herman Davis. 



Robert Edgar Jacksox. 
Sixth District. 

Robert Edgar Jackson of Liberty, Amite County, Miss., Judge of the 

Sixth Circuit Court District, was born May 20, 1882, n«ar Summit;. 
Amite County, ML-s. He is the son of Thomas N. Jackson and Mary 
Alice (Causey) Jackson of Amite County. His father was a gallant 
soldier in the Confederate army, in a cavalry regiment. After his mar- 
riage, he was prominent in church and school work and took an active 
part in ridding his county of Carpet-bag Rule, during the Reconstruc- 
tion Period. He later was a candidate for Congress on the Popul't: 
ticket. His parents, David Jackson and Ceiina (Causey) Jackson, re- 
moved from the Carolinas and were among the pioneer settlers of 
Amite County, from which branches of the family settled throughout 
South-west Mississippi. The Jacksons were of Scotch-Irish ancestry 



560 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

and furnished soldiers to the Revolution and the War of 1812. Daviu 
Jackson was related to General Andrew Jackson and possessed many of 
his sturdy qualities. He was one of the large planters of Amite County 
and there amassed an extensive fortune, before the Civil War. 

Judge Jackson's mother was a member of the Causey family, who 
coming from the British Isles to America, became colonial settlers, and 
the family trace descent from English, Scotch-Irish, and Welch an- 
cestors. His maternal grandfather, James M. Causey, was a soldier in 
the Confederate army and after the war he represented Amite, County 
in the Legislature of 1S78 and was one of the first trustees of the A. & 
M. College. He was a successful agriculturist. 

Judge Jackson attended the public schools of Amite County and by 
close application, much hard study at night, and some special instruc- 
tion from the various teachers of his community, prepared himself to 
teach. He began teaching at an early age and continued for four 
years, being principal of the school at Liberty, Miss, for one year. De- 
termined to complete his education, he attended Mississippi College 
three years, where he won high reputation as a ready debater and held 
the position of literary orator in 1904. He afterwards took a course 
in the Law Department of Millsaps College and on June 11, 1906, was 
graduated with the degree of B. L. In July 1906, he represented the 
Law School at Gulfport, in a debate between Mississippi, Louisiana, 
Alabama and Tennessee, and won the honors of the occasion. 

After graduating in Law, he located at Liberty, Miss. August 25, 
1906 where he has since resided and practiced. He has made a spec- 
ialty of Criminal Law and has been connected with many important 
suits, in a large percentage of which he has been successful. 

In 1909, he served as Alderman at Liberty, Miss. He became State 
Senator in 1911, representing Amite and Wilkinson Counties in the 
session of 1912 and the extra session of 1913. On November 10, 1913, 
Governor Brewer appointed him Circuit Judge of the Sixth District, 
and just a year after, he was elected to the same position, without 
opposition, for a term of four years. 

Judge Jackson is a Democrat and has, on several occasions, served 
as a delegate to County and State Democratic Conventions. Ht is an 
ardent supporter of W r oodrow Wilson, being among the first to urge 
his nomination in the Convention. 

He is a deacon in the Baptist Church of his home town and is a 
member of the following fraternal organizations: — Masons, Knights of 
Pythias, Woodmen of the World. He was a member of the Kappa 
Sigma fraternity at Millsaps College. 

On April 28, 1S09, Judze Jackson was married to Edith Bates, daugh- 
ter of Charles C. Bates and Maude E.MjLeaii Bate--, who lived at 
Liberty, Miss. 



CIRCUIT JUDGES 



$0$?®$!® 



i 




ZA, 



ROBERT EDGAR JACKSON 
Circuit Judge, 6th District 




PAUL B. JOHNSON 
Circuit Judge, 12th District 





W. H. HUGHES 
Circuit Judge, 13th District 



THOS. B. CARROLL 
Circuit Judge, 16th District 






/ 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 561 

Judge Jackson has been a prominent citizen of his section since early 
manhood. While he is conservative, he is open-minded and progressive 
and has taken special interest in all the benevolent and church work 
of his community. 

Judge and Mrs. Jackson have two children, Charles Nathaniel and 
Jean. 



W. H. Potter. 

Seventh District. 



John David Carr. 
Eighth District. 

John David Carr of Newton, Judge of the Eighth Circuit Court 
District of Mississippi was born April 9, 1871, at Stratton, Newton 
County, Miss, and is the son of Cicero Anderson Carr and Martha Ann 
(Duke) Carr of the same county. His father was the son of David 
Stuart Carr and Elizabeth (Hartsfieid) Carr of Newton County. 

Judge Carr is of Scotch-Irish ancestry. The family removed from 
North Carolina to Georgia in the early part of the 19th century, and 
from Georgia to Mississippi in 1848. His father enlisted as a young 
private in the Confederate army, in April 1863, in Company E. 7th 
Mississippi Battalion; was wounded at Atlanta, Ga. in July 1864; was 
parolled at Meridian in 1865. 

Judge Carr received his early education in the public schools of 
Newton County, Conehatta Institute, and Lexington Normal College. 
When a young man, he entered Millsaps College, where he graduated 
in the Law Department in the year 1902, making an excellent class 
record. Locating in Newton, he has since built up a successful prac- 
tice. He was City Attorney in 1901; Mayor in 1905-1D06; always in- 
terested in the pub'.ic questions affecting the welfare of the State, he 
was solicited by the people of his county to become a candidate for the 
Legislature and was elected to a seat in that body in November, 1907 
and served four years. During his public service on the Judiciary, 
Corporations, Penitentiary and Public Printing Committees, he at- 
tracted the attention of his friends and constituents by his ability and 
faithful performance of duty. He was induced by his constituents to 
remain in public service and become a candidate for Circuit Judge of 
the Eighth Judicial District; was elected to that office in November 
1914, a position which he fills with distinction. 
36 — m 



/ 












562 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

Judge Carr is a Democrat; his parents both Primitive Baptists; he 
is a Woodman of the World. On June 28, 1896, Judge Carr was mar- 
ried to Edna Earl Pace, daughter of John C. Pace and Nancy (Ware) 
Pace, who lived near Lake, Miss. 

Judge and Mrs. Carr have five children, John Marshall, James 
Vardaman, ; Cecil Anderson, Mabel, John David, Jr., and Edna Earl. 



E. L. Bkiex. 
Ninth District. 

V 

Rowland Webster Heidelberg. 
Tenth District. 

Rowland Webster Heidelberg of Shubuta, Miss., Judge of the 10th 
Circuit Court District, was born September 1, 1886, at Shubuta, 
Clarke County, Miss. He is the son of Daniel Webster Heidelberg and 
Theora K. (Dees) Heidelberg of Shubuta. 

Daniel Webster Heidelberg is a native of Clarke County, Miss, and 
lived in that and Jasper county until of age, when he attended Coop- 
er's Institute at Daleville, Lauderdale County, Miss After his grad- 
uation, he located in Shubuta where he has since resided. He served 
two terms in the State Senate, representing Clarke and Jasper Coun- 
ties, in which office he performed faithful service. His parents, Sam- 
uel C. Heidelberg and Martha (Granberry) Heidelberg were among 
the best and most progressive settlers of Clarke County. 

Judge R. W. Heidelberg's mother was the daughter of M. B. Dees 
and Anne Beatty Dees of Shubuta. 

In his youth, he attended the public schools of Shubuta, where he 
laid the foundation of a thorough English education In 1903-1, he 
attended Millsaps College and became. a good student and a member of 
the K. A. fraternity. Returning home., he studied law in his father's 
office and was admitted to the bar on July 16, 1909., since which time 
he has been a member of the firm of Heidelberg & Heidelberg, consist- 
ing of the father and son. 

Judge Heidelberg became very influential in his practice and was 
appointed by Gov. Earl Brewer, Judge of the 10th Circuit Court Dis- 
trict, succeeding Judge Yenable who became a Representative in 
Congress. Judge Heidelberg received this office on January 8, 1910; 
was elected to same office on March 7th, 1916, and fills the office with 
exceptional ability, giving great care and attention to his official 
duties. 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 563 

Devoted through life to the Democratic Party, he became a mem- 
ber of the Congressional Democratic Executive Committee of the 5th 
District. 

Judge Heidelberg is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
South; and is a Mason. On June ltth, 1909, he mar; led Ruby Ne- 
vada Nettles, daughter of James M. and Henrietta Slay Nettles, of Shu- 
buta, Miss. Judge and Mrs. Heidelberg have one child, Dorcthy. 



William ARtsnoEs Alcorn. 
Eleventh District. 

William Aristides Alcorn, Jr., of Clarksdale, Circuit Judge for the 
Eleventh District, was born October 20, 1868, at Friar's Point, Mis- 
sissippi, and is the son of George Randolph Alcorn and wife, Mar., 
(Cooper) Alcorn. His ancestors came to America from Ireland and 
settled in Pennsylvania, thence to Kentucky, and later in Miss ssiopi. 
The father of the subject of this sketch was a soldier of the Confed- 
eracy, being a Lieutenant of Captain Porter's Company of Chalmero' 
Battalion; was Chancery Clerk of Coahoma County, 1866 to 1876, and 
Sheriff of the County; cousin of Governor J. L. Alcorn; died of yelkw 
fever in 1878. Mr. Alcorn attended the private school of Miss Emma 
Lewis of Ripley, Tennessee, at Friar's Point, and the primary schools 
of Friar's Point; entered St Mary's College, Marion County, Ken- 
tucky, and pursued studies until 1888; attended Louisville Law School 
in 1888; admitted to the bar in 1892; located at Clarksdale; Chan- 
cery Court Clerk of Coahoma County, 1890-1892; elected to the House 
of Representatives in 1899; reelected November, 1903, and November 
1907. 

Mr. Alcorn is a Democrat, has served as County and Congressional 
Committeeman; member of Episcopal Church; Knight of Pythias and 
Elk. On May 20, 1891, he was married at Memphis, Tennessee, to 
Florence Pearl Yates, daughter of Meredith Yates and wife, Elizabeth 
Cannon. Mrs. Alcorn is a descendant of Col. William Yates of the 
Army of the Revolution, and of George Walton, one of the signers of 
the Declaration; in the maternal line she is related to the Lees of 
Virginia. 

During his legislative service, Judge Alcorn was distinguished as 
an eloquent, forceful speaker and skillful parlimentarian and he is re- 
garded as one of the foremost lawyers of the State. He was appointed 
Circuit Judge of the Eleventh District in 1912 and has served continu- 
ously since that time. 



564 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

Paul Burnet Johnson. 
Twelfth District. 

Paul Burney Johnson of Hattiesburg, Judge of the Twelfth Circuit 
Court District of Mississippi, was born March 23, 1SS0, at Hillsboro, 
Scott County, Miss. He is the son of Thomas Benton Johnson and 
Jane Catherine (McClenahan) Johnson of same place, and of Meridian, 
Miss. His father was the son of Jordan Johnson and Sarah Burney 
Johnson of Monticello, Lawrence County, Miss. His mother 'was the 
daughter of William Hayes McClenahan and Sarah Gray McClenahan 
of Hillsboro, Miss. 

Judge Johnson's paternal grandfather was a native of Richmond, 
Va. Both grandmothers were native Mississippians. His maternal 
grandfather came from Ireland when a lad of fourteen years, landed 
in New York, and later moved to Mobile, Ala. Thence, he moved to 
Mississippi, where he established a permanent residence and shared 
in th development of his locality. Judge Johnson's father was a gal- 
lant soldier in the Confederate Army serving from 1861 to 1865. After 
the surrender, he, with other worn-out soldiers of the stranded Confea- 
eracy, began the economic and industrial rehabilitation of the State. 
By industry, energy and patience, he met and overcame the many 
difficulties that confronted the inhabitants of the impoverished country 
and w T as enabled to give his children what common school advantages 
the State afforded. 

Judge Johnson attended the public schools of the county and after 
finishing his literary course at Harpervilie College, he entered Mill- 
saps, where he took a law course in 1903, locating at Hattiesburg for 
practice. He was for a number of years Police Judge of that city, and 
in 1910 he was appointed Circuit Judge of the Twelfth District serving 
four years. In this capacity he gave so much satisfaction that he was 
elected to the same office in 1914. 

In political faith, Judge Johnson is a Democrat and has always been 
eager for the national success of that party, there being little cause for 
local feeling in the matter, since the State of Mississippi is almost 
solidly Democratic. 

Judge Johnson is a Mason, Odd Fellow, Woodman of the World, and 
Knight of Pythias, membership at Hattiesburg, Miss. On February 
10, 1915, he was married to Corinne Venable, daughter of Thomas L. 
Venable and Corinne (Reynolds) Venable of McComb City, Miss. 

Judge Johnson has not furnished as full data for a sketch of his life 
as was desired. However it will be seen that his advancement, from 
boyhood, was steady and that he was aspiring, honorable and straight- 
forward in his efforts to win success. It gives the authors pleasure tD 
note that the.-^e biographical sketches bear -.-vidence of a high grade of 
citizenry and conserve much of our political and social history. 



/ 






EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 565 

William Houston - Hughes. 

Thirteenth District. 

William Houston Hughes of Raleigh, Miss., Judge of the Thirteenth 
Circuit Court District of Mississippi, was born June 21, 1S69, at Tren- 
ton, Miss., in Smith County. He is the son of George Matthews Hughes 
and Sarah (Lacy) Hughes, of Lauderdale County, Miss. He is of Welsh 
descent on the paternal side, his father the son of James Hughes of 
Alabama moved to Lauderdale County, Miss, when a lad of twelve 
years. He was a private in the Confederate army and his wife was the 
daughter of Stephen Lacy, and was of English-Scoteh-Irish descent. 

Judges Hughes, like nearly all of Mississippi's present s.ate offi- 
cials is the son of a Confederate veteran, and has inherited the love of 
liberty and democracy, ideals so characteristic of the native American. 
He obtained his early education in the common schools of his county 
and in Burns' High School and Cooper Institute. Later, he took a 
course in the Law Department of Millsaps College and was graduated 
in 1897, with degree of LL. B. He immediately began an extensive 
practice, which proved remunerative for thirteen years, when in 1910 
he was appointed by Governor E. F. Noel to the Circuit Judgeship of 
his District; was appointed again, by Governor Brewer in 1914, for a 
short term; and in August, 1914, was elected by the people for a four 
years term. His decisions as Circuit Judge have, very seldom b?en 
reversed by the Supreme Court, and he has won distinction with the 
bar as an accurate and just judge. 

Judge Hughes is a Democrat and was a member of the State Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee from 1908 to 1911. He is a steward in the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, South, and is a Mason. Since early man- 
hood, Judge Hughes has advocated the best progress along educa- 
tional and material lines. He has especially recommended better 
equipped schools and more efficient teachers; the construction of bet- 
ter roads; the proper enforcement of law; and better conditions in 
farm life. Among the legislation for which he has actively worked is 
that of State and National Prohibition. 

On May 28, 1899, Judge Hughes was married to Katie Kelly, daugh- 
ter of Lanch Kelly and Rebecca J. Kelly of Trenton, Miss. She is a 
grand-niece of Laughlin McLaurin, father of Senator McLaurin 

Judge and Mrs. Hughes have five children, Lacy Hargrove, Wil- 
liam Lanch, Clyde Annetta, Sarah Katherine and Mary Elizabeth. 



566 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

Jasper Felix Guynes. 
Fourteenth District. 

Jasper Felix Guynes of Hazlehurst, Circuit Judge of the Fourteenth 
District, was born February 21. 1875, near Hazlehurst, Copiah County, 
Miss. He is the son of Albert Brown Guynes and Emma Jane (Ram- 
sey) Guynes. Judge Guynes is of Scotch-Irish ancestry, his family 
being among the early emigrants to America. His father was a native 
of Copiah County and lived at different periods at Gallman and Hazle- 
hurst; was residing at the latter place in 1914, when he was made 
Sergeant on the State Farm and removed to Parchman. He was a 
brave and faithful private soldier of the Confederacy; was a member 
of the Legislature in 1884-1886-1892, and a member of the Mississippi 
Constitutional Convention of 1S90. He was the son of Henry Hall 
Guynes and Mary Finley Guynes of Copiah* County, his family having 
been long established in Mississippi and active in all public move- 
ments for the good of the section in which it resided. Judge Guynes' 
mother was the daughter of Thomas J. Ramsey and Rebecca Ramsey 
of Copiah County. 

Judge Guynes obtained his early education in the common schools 
of Copiah County, where he prepared himself for college. He at- 
tended Mississippi College, Clinton, Miss., from 1891 to 1895, inclusive, 
and then entered the University of Mississippi, where he graduated 
in 1898, with the B. A. degree. From the Law Department of the Uni- 
versity, he graduated in 1902, with degree of LL. B. His education 
has been very broad and few men in his profession are better equipped 
for its duties. 

Locating in Hazlehurst, Miss., he soon achieved success in his pro- 
fession and became prominent in the public affairs of his county. 
Upon the death of State Senator E. A. Rowan, Mr. Guynes was elected 
to fill the vacancy, and served with much satisfaction to his constitu- 
ents, in that office during 1913 and 1914. On February 1st, 1916. he 
was appointed Judge of the Fourteenth Circuit Court District, a posi- 
tion which he" fills with marked ability He is a Democrat, has served 
as delegate to various State and County conventions, and is a member 
of the Executive Committees for Congressional Fifth Chancery Court 
and Fourteenth Circuit Court Districts. 

Judge Guynes is a member of the Baptist Church; also of the Ma- 
sonic Lodge of which he has served as Master; member of the Wood- 
men of the World and for several years was Counsel Commander; 
member of the Order of the Eastern Star. Judge Guynes is unmarried. 



A. E. Weatiieksby 
Fifteenth District. 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS. OFFICES AND BOARDS 567 

Thomas Battle Carroll. 
Sixteenth District. 

Thomas Battle Carroll of Starkville, Judge of the Sixteenth Circuit 
Court District of Mississippi, was born March 18, 1S60 near Starkville, 
Oktibbeha County. Miss. He is the son of Dr. John Gillespie Carroll 
and Narcissa Elizabeth (Williams) Carroll of Alabama. His father 
moved from Carrollton, Ala., in 1857 to Oktibbeha County, Miss, where 
he practiced medicine and engaged in farming. He represented his 
county in the Legislature of 1863. Later he served in the Legislat- 
ure, sessions of 1S80-82, 1888-90 and 1896—1900. He was a Confederate 
soldier, rendering faithful service in Company K, 33th Mississippi Reg- 
iment. Dr. Carroll was one of the most useful citizens of his county, 
and. was greatly attached to his locality. He was the son of Zedekiah 
Carroll and Jane (Gillespie) Carroll of Alabama. Zedekiah Carroll 
was the son of John Carroll of North and South Carolina, a Revolu- 
tionary soldier who served in the Carolinas during the last years of 
that war. The Carrolls emigrated from Ireland and sett'ed in 
North Carolina; later, removed to South Carolina and from that state 
to Alabama, his children removing to Mississippi, where the family 
has established a permanent home, its various members taking part 
in the best progress of the state. 

Judge Carroll's mother was the daughter of Thomas Battle Williams 
and Phoebe Carter (Brooks) Williams of Pickens County, Ala. His 
great-grandfather. Colonel Thomas Williams, served as Representative 
and State Senator from the counties of Pickens and Tuscaloosa, Ala.; 
also served in the same capacity in Georgia, before he came to Ala- 
bama. His maternal great-grandfather, Allen Brooks, served in th? 
War of 1812, in Captain Adam Heath's Company, First Georgia Regi- 
ment. Allen Brooks' father, Joab Brooks, emigrated from Wales and 
settled in Warren County, Georgia, between 1780 and 1790. Allen 
Brooks moved to the Mississippi Territory just after the close of the 
War of 1812, and settled on Warrior River, in what is now the State 
of Alabama. Between 1830 and 1835, he moved to the western border 
of what is now Lowndes County, Miss, near Crawford, where he lived 
until his death in 1866. 

The tracing of families to their first establishment as permanent 
residents of Mississippi, brings them, in the majority of instances, 
over the same route, through Virginia and the Carolinas, by way of 
Georgia, thence to the Mississippi Territory, which became the states 
of Mississippi and Alabama. It will be seen from these biographies 
that a strain of the best population of the older Southern States was 
constantly infusing into our civilization the noblest idea's of the 
American Republic. These in earlier times often came by way of 
Kentucky and Tennessee, leaving along every route they traveled some 



568 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

member of their family to enrich the community in which he, for a 
time, dwelt. In addition to this emigration, Mississippi sometimes re- 
ceived representatives from the New England States, the records of 
the patriotic societies showing many families of New England descent. 
With the exception of some early pure Scotch blood that came to us in 
the quaint old colonies of Scotic and Union Church, very little foreign 
immigration reached the State and even to this day, it is scarce. The* 
author feels sure that this digression, dealing as it does, with s*j In- 
teresting a phase of our social history, will be welcomed. 

Judge Carroll, the subject of this sketch, received his early educa- 
tion in the common schools of his county. At the age of fifteen he 
attended a boarding school at Summerville, Noxubee County, Miss., 
and later entered the South-western Baptist University at Jackson. 
Tenn., where he remained for several years. Choosing Law as his 
profession, he entered the Law Department of the University of Mis- 
sissippi, and was graduated in June, 1S79. ranking second in his class. 
In the succeeding September, he was admitted to the bar and began his 
practice in Starkville, while residing in the country. In 1882. he 
moved into town and formed a partnership with M. R. Butler who 
was at that time District Attorney, In 1890, the partnership was dis- 
solved, which event was followed by the death of Mr. Butler. Judge 
Carroll continued the practice alone, until 1896, when he took in as 
partner W. W. Magruder, which connection continued until his ap- 
pointment as Circuit Judge, in April, 1910. 

Judge Carroll served as Representative of Oktibbeha County in the 
Legis'ature during sessions of 1886 and 1888 and was not a candidate 
for re-election He was never a candidate for any othir cffice until 
his appointment as Circuit Judge in 1810, in which he served until 
May 1, 1914, when he was elected by the people for the four-year term, 
beginning January 1, 1915 

He is a Democrat, a member of the Baptist Church, and of the Odd 
Fellows Lodge 

On October 14. 1885. Judse Carroll was married to Miss Gertrude 
Perkins, at her home in Agency, Oktibbeha County, Miss. Mrs. Car- 
roll is the daughter of Dr. Joseph Bolivar Perkins and Mary (Washing- 
ton) Perkins, honored citizens of Oktibbeha County. Her paternal 
grandfather, Joseph Perkins, was a private soldier in the War of 1812, 
serving in Captain John Looney's company, in the Second Regiment of 
West Tennessee militia and performing active service in the Battle of 
New Orleans. Two of Mrs. Carroll's great-great-grandfathers, Jesse 
Spencer and Thomas Washington, from Virginia, served in the Ameri- 
can Revolution, Thomas Washington being a Lieutenant in Lee's Bat- 
talion of Light Dragoons. 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 569 

Judge Carroll is now Vice-President and Director of the Security 
State Bank in Starkville. Miss., having held these positions since the 
organization of the bank, in 1898. 

Judge and Mrs. Carroll have four children, Stanley, who married 
Julia Nash, Gertrude, who married \V. H. Buckley, Eva May and 
Miriam. 



Edwin Daxcy Dixkins. 
Seventeenth District. 

Edwin Dancy Dinkins of Charleston, Tallahatchie County, Miss., 
Judge of the Seventeenth Circuit Court District of Mississippi, was 
born May 24, 1867, at Canton, Madison County, Miss. He is the son 
of James Alexander Dinkins and Margaret (Wadlington) Dinkins. , His 
mother was the daughter of Mercer Wadlington and Mary Heslip of 
Princeton, Ky., and later of Vernon, Madison County, Miss. His 
father, the son of Lewis Dinkins and Harriet E. Erwin Dinkins, was a 
native of Mecklenburg County, N. C. In 1840, he moved to Madison 
County, Miss, where he lived at Canton and Madisonville until 1885, 
when he removed to Rolling Fork, Sharkey County, Miss., where he 
died November 11, 1893. He served four years in the Civil War, first 
in the Eighteenth Mississippi Regiment and later in an artillery com- 
pany known as "Ward's Battery." A sketch of the Dinkins family 
states that the history of the family is not known earlier than 1500, 
when in Wales. This sketch, which is very interesting, is given here 
on account of its historical value in genealogical research. 
' "The history of the Dinkins family is known as early as 1500 when, 
in Wales, tradition says, the name originated and signified "Devil in 
the Bush," and where the bearers of it fought against the government 
for wrongs thought to have been suffered by them and who on account 
thereof left Wales early in the sixteenth century, removing to the low- 
lands of Scotland, whence, iaier, they went io .Londonderry in the 
north of Ireland where they continued until 1717, when three brothers 
James, John and Samuel Dinkins removed to America, landing first at 
Charleston, S. C. From there the three brothers, in 1740, .removed to 
Mecklenburg County, N. C, and from them the American family 
sprung, it being the only family of the name, even to this time, in 
the United States." 

"The Dinkins family in Mississippi have lived mainly in Madison 
County where the members of it intermarried with other families and 
unlike many others the descendants wearing the family name, seem 
to be decreasing in numbers, though collateral descendants are many. 
The family has been little in politics, living quietly but always sus- 



570 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS. OFFICES AXD BOARDS 

taining the hightest ideals jof citizenship. Among the most distinguished 
latter-day relations of the family is Charles Betts Galloway, late 
Bishop of the M. E. Church, South. Other relatives, still living, are W. 
L. Dinkins of Canton, Captain James Dinkins and his son Lynn H. 
Dinkins of New Orleans, La., and H. C. Dinkins of Mexico City." 

Judge Edwin Dancy Dinkins obtained his early education in the 
public schools of Madison County, and possessing a natural fondness 
for study, by industry and close application, he acquired an educa- 
tion that equalled in many respects a course in college. He read law 
in the office of H. J. and R. L. McLaurin of Rolling Fork, Sharkey 
County, Mississippi. He was admitted to the bar in October 1893, on 
a written examination, and by order of the Supreme Court of Missis- 
sippi. • Judge Dinkins continued in the practice of his profession, at 
his first location, Rolling Pork, until September, 1895, and at Charles- 
ton, Tallahatchie County, until September, 1914, when he was appointed 
Circuit Judge, for the Seventeenth District of Mississippi. 

Judge Dinkins has always been prominent in the public affairs of his 
section and is fearless and independent in maintaining his convictions. 
In 1896, he was chosen Presidential Elector, by the Democratic party, 
when W. J. Bryan was first nominated for the Presidency; was ap- 
pointed District Attorney of the Seventeenth District, on May 8, 1911 
when he was appointed by Governor Brewer as Circuit Judge to fill an 
unexpired term for that year. In the November election of 1911, he 
was elected by the people, for a four-year term, having one opponent. 

He is a Democrat; elder and active Sunday-school worker in the 
Church of Christ, (Christian). He has held various offices in the 
Knights of Pythias. 

On January 2, 1893, Judge Dinkins was married to Pearl Cayce, at 
Nasjiville, Tenn. She was the daughter of John M. Cayce and Virginia 
I. Cayce, who lived at Franklin and Nashville, Tenn. Her father was 
a soldier in the Confederate army. He was an inventor of some note, 
perfecting several useful inventions, some of which are still in use. 
He was a jeweler at Franklin, Tenn. and the owner of "Cayce Springs," 
near Franklin, one of the most beautiful places in the state. Mrs. 
Dinkins' mother's maiden name was' also "Cayce," she having married 
her cousin. She was born in Madison County, Miss., but lived most of 
her young life in Memphis, Tenn. where she became an accomplished 
musician and composer of several pieces of instrumental music of con- 
siderable merit. 

Judge and Mrs. Dinkins' children are, Marjorie Wadington, Vir- 
ginia Cameron, Edwin Lewis, Hermine, and Paul. 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 571 

DISTRICT ATTORNEYS. 

First District. 

Julius Edwin Berry. 

Julius Edwin Berry of Booneville, Miss.. District Attorney of the 
First Circuit Court District of Mississippi, was born January 30, 1878, 
at Baldwyn, Prentiss County, Miss. He is the son of Julius Simpson 
Berry and Margaret Henrietta (Walker) Berry of that place. The 
father's parents were Joel Holbert Berry and Martha Melinda Berry 
of Tippah County, Miss. Joel Holbert Berry was State Senator from" 
his district for eight years, just prior to the Civil War, and held the 
high distinction of being the author of the hrst public-school bill for 
Mississippi, that authorized the expenditure of public money for edu- 
cational purposes. (This is an interesting fact, since it shows the at- 
titude of the people's mind upon the subject of public education before 
the Civil War, a calamity that obstructed all educational efforts in the 
State, except in the instance of schools maintained by private individu- 
als.) Senator Berry signed the Ordinance of Secession, in 1861. 

An interesting incident is found in the history of "The Women of 
the American Revolution" which describes an adventure of an an- 
cestress of Mr. Berry with British soldiers during the war for Amer- 
ican independence, a reference to which is well worthy of being made 
here: The lady, Mrs Bratton, a loyal patriot, had her home and its en- 
tire contents burned by the enemy with the exception of a few articles 
saved by personal efforts, that she prized as future gifts to her de- 
scendants; a Colonial silver spoon has in this way descended to the 
family of Judge Berry and is one of its most valued household treas- 
ures. The beloved Bishop Bratton of Mississippi is also a descendant 
of this patriotic woman of Revolutionary fame whose loyalty and 
heroism have descended to her posterity and enriches the social life 
of the commonwealth. 

Mr. Berry's mother was the daughter of Porter Walker and Eliza 
Jane Walker. His maternal grandfather was for a number of years 
Sheriff of Tishomingo County uetore the t_ivii War. 

Julius E. Berry, who was to continue the family history with honor 
and credit, and was carefully trained in the elementary branches by 
Mary M. Duval, author of "Duvall's History of Mississippi." He after- 
wards attended the public schools of Baldwyn and Booneville, Missis- 
sippi. In 1898 he entered Mississippi College and in 1902 graduated 
with the degree of B. S. Later he took a two years post-graduate 
course at Vanderbilt University and one year at the University of Chi- 
cago. He served as associate Professor of English in Mississippi Col- 
lege for a year and held a Fellowship at Vanderbilt for two years. 
Choosing law as his profession, he entered Millsaps College and studied 









/ 






572 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

through the Law course under Judge Albert Whitfield and Judge W. R. 
Harper, graduating in 1910. with B. L. degree. His advantages have 
been liberal and he* holds the three degrees of B. S. f M. A., and B. L. 

He was admitted to the bar and began his practice at Booneville, 
Miss:, in the summer of 1910; was elected Mayor of the town and de- 
clined a re-election; was chosen District Attorney just five years af- 
ter he began his practice, a position which he still holds with great 
ability and success. 

Mr. Berry is a Democrat; he has occupied various important posi- 
tions in his party, among them Secretary of the Democratic Executive 
•Committee for Prentiss County, Secretary of the Democratic Execu- 
tive Committee for the First Congressional District of Mississippi, and 
delegate to the Convention of 1912. 

He is a Baptist, having served as Superintendent or teacher for 
some fifteen years, in his places of residence. He is a Mason, Wood- 
man of the World, and Knight of Pythias. 

On June 25, 1913, Mr. Berry was married to Annie T. Lee Shin- 
nault, daughter of William W. Shinault and Siddie Burress Shinault o£ 
Greenville and Booneville, Miss. 



Second District, 
. • - E. J. Ford. 

(Gulf port) 

Third District. / 

Rush Hightower Kxox. 

Rush Hightower Knox of Houston, Miss., District Attorney for the 
third Judicial District of Mississiopi. was born September 24, 1879. in 
Calhoun County. Miss. He is the son of Isaac Nicholson Knox and 
Martha ( Hightower ) Knox of Chickasaw County. His father was a na- 
tive of Houston, where he resided until the outbreak of the Civil War, 
when he joined the "Chickasaw Guards," at the age of seventeen. This 
company was afterwards known as "'Company E" of the famous 11th 
Mississippi Regiment, in which Isaac N. Knox served until wounded at 
Gaines Mill and was discharged. Recovering, he joined; the cavalry, in 
which he remained until the surrender. He is now living at a ripe old 
age in Pontotoc. Miss. He was the son of Matthew Knox of South- 
Carolina. The latter, after his marriage, moved to Chickasaw County, 
Miss., settling near the town of Houston, one of the oldest towns of thai 



DISTRICT ATTORNEYS 





S. G. SALTER 
District Attorney, 11th District 



GUT J. RENCHER 
District Attorney, 16 th District 





TOXEY HALL 
District Attorney, 15th District 



RICHARD DENMAN 
District Attorney, 17th District 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 573 

section. When the County of Chickasaw was formed in 1S36, he was 
appointed Probate Judge, serving twelve years, and being the first man 
to hold that office in the County. 

The Knox family is of Scotch descent, tracing directly to John Knox, 
the great religious Reformer of Scotland. Matthew Knox's father, 
Robert Knox, with his brother, James, and two other brothers, emi- 
grated from Scotland to the Carolinas. James Knox's oldest daughter 
became the mother of James Knox Polk, eleventh President of. the 
United States, the name James Knox having been given to hifn in 
honor of his maternal grandfather. Of the four brothers who came 
to America, one settled in Pennsylvania, one in Tennessee, the others 
in the Carolinas. A little grocery store in Tennessee was known as 
Knox's Store, and from this small beginning came the city of Knox- 
ville in the County of Knox. In Mississippi, the family has been 
among the most active and progressive in all movements for the 
advancement of the State's best interests. 

Mr. Knox's mother was the daughter of Thomas Hightower, a mem- 
ber of a prominent Mississippi family. He received his earlv educa- 
tion in the schools of Calhoun and Pontotoc Counties completing his 
High School course in the Town of Pontotoc. In 1S98, he entered Mis- 
sissippi College, finishing his literary course in 1901. In the fall of 
1901, he began the Junior and Senior law course in the University of 
Mississippi and was admitted to the bar on June 1, 1902. 

Mr. Knox commenced his practice in connection with Hon R. V. 
Fletcher, now General Counsel for the I. C. Railroad, the beginning 
of a large and successful practice. He has served two terms as Mayor 
of Houston and was appointed District Attorney to succeed Hon. H. 
D. Stephens, resigned. In 1911, he was elected District Attorney by a 
large majority and was re-elected in 1915, without opposition. Mr. 
Knox is one of the most brilliant and popular men of his section and 
few have enjoyed a more universal respect and confidence of the peo- 
ple. In 1916, he announced as a candidate for justice of the Supreme- 
Court against Judge E. 0. Sykes, an appointee of Gov. Bilbo, but was 
defeated by a small majority. 

Hp is a Democrat in political faith, a Bantist in religious faith, ami 
a Shriner in the fr^fp^nal Ord^r of 'Masonrv. On November 2. 1904, 
he was united in marriage to Florence Felicia Bigham, at Pontotoc. 
Miss. Mrs. Knox is the daughter of D. C. M. Bigham and Elizabeth 
(Simmons) Bigham of that place. Her father was the son of Samuel 
Bigham a prominent minister of the Methodist Church in North Mis- 
sissippi, during his earlier years. He came to Mississippi from South 
Carolina during the 30's, was a practical farmer and also one of the 
surveyor's who, in the employ of the United States Government, laid 
off much of the land in thp northern part of this State. D. C. M. B:z- 
ham graduated in the University of Mississippi with first honors: was 
a Confederate soldier, wounded twice, was Superintendent of Educa- 



574 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS. OFFICES AND BOARDS 

tion for Pontotoc County, for sixteen years, and with his wife taught 
school during their early married life. Mr. and Mrs. Knox have two 
.children, Olivia May and Martha Elizabeth. 



Fourth District. 
Julius Moise Formax. 

Julius Moise Forman of Inverness, Miss., District Attorney of the 
Fourth Judicial District of Mississippi, was born August 13, 1880, in 
Amite County, Miss. He is the son of Edward James Forman and 
Mary C. Forman of Liberty, Amite County, Miss. His mother was the 
daughter of Ismay Forman and Catherine (Troxell) Forman, who 
lived at Monterey, La. His father was a man of influence in his com- 
munity and served as Justice of the Peace of Amite County, for six 
years. Later, he was elected to the Board of Supervisors and served 
twelve years, resigned to accept a seat in the Legislature where he 
served in 1904 and 1906. He was a private in Company K, Seventh 
Regiment of the Confederate Army, serving from October 1861, to 
the close of the war. His parents were Ephraim J. Forman, (a min- 
ister of the Methodist Episcopal Church South) and Amanda (Rob- 
erts) Forman of Amite County. 

Attorney Julius Moise Forman is of Scotch and English ancestry. 
His great-grandfather, Edward James Forman, was a native of New 
Jersey, a descendent of English parentage. After leaving that State, 
he lived for a while in Jefferson County. Miss., but finally sett'ed in 
Amite. Mr. Forman's maternal great-grandfather, Robert Rcb:rts. 
came from Scotland and settled in South Carolina, later removing to 
Amite County. He served as an Orderly Sergeant in the War of 1812, 
and was in the Battle of New Orleans. 

Mr. Forman received his earlier education in the public schools of 
Amite County, and later attended the High School of Greensburg, La. 
Also attended the Meridian Male Co'\f>?p at Meridian, Miss., and later 
Ruskin Cave College, at Ruskin. Tenn. Deciding to make the law his 
profession, he took an extensive course in the Law School of Chicago 
University, and later was graduated from the University of Missis- 
sippi, with the degree of B. L. His course in the Chicago University- 
included Criminal Law, Law of Contracts, and the Law of Domestic 
Relations.* 

After his graduation, Mr. Forman taught school for six years begin- 
ning the practice of law in 1909, at Gloster, Miss. In January, 1913, 
he made his permanent home in Inverness, Sunflower County, Miss. 
Here he began a career of marked success, acting at present as a Trus- 
tee of the Sunflower High School. Having become very popular with 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND B.OARDS 575 

the people of his county, he was induced to become a candidate for 
for District Attorney of the Fourth Judicial District, comprising the 
counties of Washington, Sunflower, Leflore and Holmes, to which of- 
fice he was elected by a large majority. 

Mr. Forman is a Democrat; has served as Superintendent of the 
M. E. Sunday-school and member of the Board of Stewards, since early 
manhood; was a delegate to the Annual Conference at Hazelhur.it in 
December, 1912. He is a Master Mason, a Woodman of the World, and 
was Clerk of W. 0. W. Camp at Gloster for four years. 

On December 22, 1909, he was married to Bertha L. Carruth, daugh- 
ter of Edward T. Carruth and Mary (Terrell) Carruth, of Amite 
County. 

Mr. and Mrs. Forman have two children, Ruth Jewel and Julius 
Moise, Jr. 



Fifth District. 
Johx Franklin Allen. 

John Franklin Allen, of Kosciusko, District Attorney of the Fifth 
Judicial District of Mississippi, was born October 26, 1871, near New 
Port, Attala County, Miss. He is the son of George Franklin Allen 
and Susan Rebecca (Cain) Allen of Attala County. His family for a 
number of generations have resided near New Port, where they have 
engaged in farming. They have always assisted in the progress and 
development of the county and have been active in promoting the best 
interests of their locality. George Franklin Allen was the son of 
James P. Allen and Sicily Allen, who resided near New Port. 

Mr. Allen's mother was the daughter of John G. Cain and Margar- 
ette Cain of Attala County. George Franklin Allen, ambitious to edu- 
cate his children, sent them early to the public schools of his home 
county, and it was in these free schools that the son, John Franklin 
Allen, received his elementary education. 

* Alter thorough preliminary training, he entered French Camp Acad- 
emy in 1887. Later, he entered the University of Mississippi for a 
literary course, and later still, he was graduated from the law course 
of this institution. He began his law practice in 1897 at Kosciusko, 
Miss., and immediately entered upon a successful career. 

Having always taken an interest in State affairs and the public 
Questions of the day, he was induced to become a candidate for the 
Legislature and served continuously in that body from 1896 to 190S 
In 1815, he was City Attorney of Kosciusko. He is one of the ablest 
men of his District and fills his present position with much satisfac- 
tion to his people. 



576 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AlSTD BOARDS 

Mr. Allen is a Democrat; member of the fraternal orders of Masons, 
Knights of Pythias, and Woodman of the World. On May 6, 1896, he 
was married to Nannie Parker of Spring Grove, Attala County, Miss. 
She is the daughter of E. B. Parker and Eudora Parker, of Mississippi. 
Mr. and Mrs. Allen have three children, Mrs. Eudora (Allen) Smith- 
son, Joe Franklin, and John Percy. 



Sixth District. 
Robert Eli Bennett. 

Jtobert Eli Bennett of Meadville, Miss., District Attorney of the 
Sixth Judicial District of Mississippi, was born September 25, 1871, at 
Little Springs, Franklin County, Miss. He is the son of James Paul 
Bennett and Sarah Rebecca (Carruth) Bennett of Franklin County. 
His father was a soldier in the Confederate army; enlisted as a pri- 
vate in Company A, Seventh Mississippi Regiment, known as the 
"Franklin Rifles." He became Orderly Sergeant and served through- 
out the war. Mr. Bennett's paternal and maternal ancestors were, as 
was the case in so many other instances, natives of the Carolinas and 
removed to the State of Mississippi in its pioneer period. James Paul 
Bennett reared his family at Little Springs, where he engaged in 
farming. His son soon manifested a desire for an education and in 
the public schools of Little Springs and the High School of Auburn, 
he secured a thorough preparation for college. He was afterwards in 
Millsaps College where he pursued his literary studies, and finally en- 
tered the Law Department, in which he completed his law course in 
1903. 

During the intervening periods, he taught school in Lincoln ana 
Franklin Counties to defray his college expenses. Since 1905, he has 
been in the active practice of law in his town and county. 

In 1900, he filled an unexpired term as County Superintendent of 
education. Having become interested in all public questions that con- 
cerned the welfare of the State, he offered for the Legislature and was 
elected to the House of Representatives, (Floater) of November 5, 1907. 
On May 1, 1910, he was appointed to fill the unexpired term of Dis- 
trict Attorney, a vacancy being caused by the resignation of Mr. Wall, 
to accept appointment in a new District. During his term of office, 
Mr. Bennett was fearless in promoting the enforcement of law. Since 
that period, he has engaged in the practice of his profession and was 
thus engaged when he was nominated in the first primary for the of- 
fice of District Attorney, which office he at present fills with excep- 
tional ability. 






. 






DISTRICT ATTORNEYS 




JULIUS E. BERRY 
District Attorney, 1st District 



$ 

$ ' • 



JNO. F. ALLEN 
District Attorney, 5th District 





J. M. FOREMAN 
District Attorney, 4th District 



J. H. HOWIE 

District Attorney, 7th District 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 577 

Mr. Bennett is a Democrat; a member of the Methodist Church, and 
of the Orders of Woodmen of the World, Odd Fellows, and Masons. He 
was married on September 25. 1907, to Augusta Lena Newman, daugh- 
ter of Rudolph Sessions Newman and Sarah Edith (Cowarti Newman 
of Veto, Miss. Mrs. Bennett's family is descended from the pioneers 
of Kentucky. Mr. and Mrs. Bennett have one child, Sarah Edith. 



Seventh District. 
Johx Hines Howie. 

John Hines Howie of Jackson, Miss., District Attorney of the Sev- 
enth Judicial District of Mississippi, was born. February 5. 1876, at 
Trenton, Smith County, Miss. He is the son of John Houston Howie 
and Caroline Lucinda (Thomas) Howie of Mississippi. His father 
was a native of Uniontown, Perry County, Ala., at which, place he re- 
sided about twenty-five years, when removed to Smith County, Miss., 
where he died in April 1S95. He was the son of John Howie and Mar- 
garet Houston Howie of Waxhaw% N. C. District Attorney Howie is of 
Scotch ancestry, his paternal great-grandfather, John Howie, Sr., hav- 
ing emigrated to the United States from Scotland. 

Mr. Howie's mother was the daughter of William Thomas and Ma- 
tilda (Wiseman) Thomas of Lexington, N. C, who moved to Smith 
County, Miss., soon after their marriage. In Mississippi both paternal 
and maternal ancestors have established worthy and influential fam- 
ilies and have become a part of the best social life, taking an active 
and helpful part in the public welfare. 

Mr. Howie received his early education in the public schools of 
Smith County. He later attended Mississippi College, from which 
institution he was graduated with the degrees of A. B. and M. A. in 
1899. He studied law at the University of Mississippi and, in 1901, 
graduated with the degree of B. L. He began the practice of his pro- 
fession at McComb, where he remained until 1^07, wnen he removeu 
to Jackson, where he has become one of the leading lawyers of the 
city. He soon obtained the position of Prosecuting Attorney for the 
City, which position he held during 1909 and 1910. In 1912, he was 
made District Attorney of the Seventh Circuit District, which office 
he still holds. During his public service Mr. Howie has won for 'him- 
self a high reputation as an official and has become very popular with 
the people of the city and District. 

He is a Democrat; a member of the Methodist Church; member of 
the fraternal orders of Masons, Knights of Pythias and Woodmen of 
the World. 

37—m 



578 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

On December 30, 1902, he was married to Mary Tally Norgress of 
Patterson, La. She is the daughter of Joseph and Missouri Tally Nor- 
gress of Patterson, La. 

Mr. and Mrs. Howie have six children, Joseph Hines, Mary Helen, 
Hilda Stewart, Margaret Edna, Adele Norgress, and Birdie Caroline. 



Eighth District. 
Woods C. Eastland, Forest. 

* 

Ninth District. 

James D. Thames, Vicksburg. 

Tenth District. 
Martin Van Buren Miller. 

Martin Van Buren Miller of Meridian, Miss., District Attorney for 
the Tenth Judicial District of Mississippi, was born July 22, 1886, at 
Meridian, Lauderdale County, Miss. He is the son of Dr. Martin Van 
Buren Miller and Caroline (Blanks) Miller. His father was a native 
of Sumpter County, Ala. He removed from Sumpter County Ala., to 
Meridian, Miss., in 1882. He was at one time President of the Medical 
Association of his county; also, president of the Board of Trustees of 
the Meridian Public Schools. He was the son of Robert Miller and 
Ciceley Halsell Miller of Sumpter County, Ala. 

The Millers are of Irish ancestry. A remote ancestor of our sub- 
ject settled in South Carolina in the Colonial period, whence he re- 
moved to Sumpter County Ala. His grandfather, Robert Miller, —as 
Colonel of an Alabama regiment during the Mexican War and zcrved 
as a private during the Civil War. His maternal grandfather, James 
Lafayette Blanks, came to Mississippi before 1861 and settled in 
Lauderdale County. He served as a private in the Confederacy and 
took part in all local movements for the restoration of his section 
after the Civil War. 

Mr. Miller received his elementary and High School training under 
able instructors in the public schools of Meridian, graduating in 1904. 
He then entered the University of Mississippi, where he took a full 
four-years course from 1904 to 1908, during which time he won the 
Jferraean Junior medal for oratory an4 the Heraean Phi §igma Senior 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS. OFFICES AND BOARDS 579 

medal for joint debate. In addition to his taste for cultural pursuits 
he was fend of athletics and was the successful manager of the Univer- 
sity football team in 1908. He studied law in Meridian in 1909 and 
was admitted to the bar in 1010. He soon established a good practice 
and becoming very popular with the people, he announced for Prose- 
cuting Attorney of Lauderdale County in 1911, and was elected with- 
out opposition. He continued in this office until he was elected Dis- 
trict Attorney for the Tenth Judicial District, which position he fills 
with marked ability. 

Mr. Miller from 1905 to 1907 was a member of Battery I, Mississippi 
Militia, and rendered patrol service on the coast of Mississippi during 
the yellow fever quarantine of 1905. 

He is a Democrat; member of the Baptist Church; member of Scot- 
tish Rite Consistory, Knights of Pythias. Woodmen of the World, 
Praetorians, Junior Order United American Mechanics and .the local 
Blacksmiths' Union. He is a Past Chancellor of K. of P., Mount 
Barton, No. 13. 

Mr. Miller is unmarried. 



Eleventh District. 
Simpson Goodwin Salter. 

Simpson Goodwin Salter of Clarksdale, Miss., District Attorney for 
the Eleventh Judicial District of Mississippi, was born October 29th. 
1881, near Hazlehurst, Copiah County, Miss. He is the son of Simp- 
son Goodwin Salter and Man' Quinn Salter of Copiah County. His 
father was a native of Edgefield County, South Carolina, from which 
place he removed to Copiah County, Miss., when about thirty years old. 
He was a soldier in the Confederate Army, his service extending 
throughout the war. He was a member of .the Board of Supervisors 
of his county for eighteen years and was County Treasurer for four 
years. His parents were, Rev. John Salter, (a Baptist minister) and 
Fanny Goodwin S^ltpr ? of Edgefield County, S. C. 

Mr. Salter's mother was the daughter of William Weathcrsb3 T and 
Sallie Slater Weathersby of Monticello, Lawrence County, Miss. He 
received his early training in the schools of Copiah County and at- 
tended the High Schools of Wesson, Hebron and Hazlehurst, graduat- 
ing from the last, in May, 1899. In September, 1899, he entered Missis- 
sippi College and took a full four-year course in three years, graduat- 
ing in May, 1902. After leaving college, he taught in Amite and 
Copiah Counties until the spring of 1907, studying law throughout this 
period. In the summer of 1907, he took a law course in the Univer- 
sity of Chicago. He passed his professional examination conducted 
by Chancellor LyelL at Monticello, Miss., in November, 1907. After 






' 



580 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

practising law for a while, as junior partner of the firm of Touchstone 
and Salter at Monticello, Miss., he entered the Law Department of 
the University of Texas, where he spent three sessions in close appli- 
cation, completing the course in May, 1912. A month afterwards, he 
became senior partner \ n the law firm of Salter & Longino at Clarks- 
dale, Miss., which position he has since held. Mr. Salter enjoyed 
unusual advantages in the study of law and being thoroughly equipped 
for his profession, he has become a successful practitioner, though 
caring little for public office his popularity with the people 'brought 
about his candidacy for the office of District Attorney. He was elected 
on November 2, 1915, which position he now fills to the entire satisfac- 
tion of his constituents. He is a private in Company E, First Regi- 
ment Mississippi National Guards. 

Mr. Salter is a Democrat, has been a member of Company E, First 
Regiment Mississippi National Guard, and is a deacon of the First 
Baptist Church of Clarksdale, Miss. He belongs to the fraternal orders 
of Masons, and Knights of Pythias. 

On June 16, 1908, he was united in marriage to Ellen Riley at 
New Hebron, Lawrence County, Miss. Mrs. Salter is the daughter 
of Franklin L. and Balsorah I. Riley of New Hebron. Her father was 
a Confederate soldier and founded the town of New Hebron. 

Mr. and Mrs. Salter have three children, Simpson Goodwin III, 
Nell, and Ora May. 



Twelfth District. v 

Robert Samuel Hall. 

Robert Samuel Hall of Hattiesburg, District Attorney for the Twelfth 
Judicial District of Mississippi, was born March 10, 1877, at Williams- 
burg, Covington County, Miss._ He is the son of Evans Hall and Efne 
Little (McDonald) Hall, and is of Scotch and French descent, his an- 
cestors having first settled in South and North Carolina. His pater- 
nal grandfather removed from North Carolina some time during the 
30's and settled at Mount Carmel; maternal ancestors came from 
South Carolina about the same time and located near Mount Olive in 
Simpson County, Miss. His paternal grandmother was reared near 
Covington, La. The families have for several generations resided in 
Mississippi. Evans Hall was born at Mount Carmel, Miss., and was 
Circuit and Chancery Clerk of that county for eighteen years and 
Mayor of the City of Hattiesburg for five years. He was a soldier in 
the Confederate Army, rendering faithful service in Company B., 
Fourth Regiment of Mississippi Cavalry. He was the son of Dr 
Alexander H. Hall and Mary Ann (Evans) Hall of Monticello, Miss. 
Dr. Alexander Hall was a graduate from the University of Pennsyl- 



DISTRICT ATTORNEYS 



r % 



*«* K 



% 




MARTIN VAX B. MILLER 
District Attorney, 10th District 






x 






y 



Lifri,^»ttftritf l1 lfe,/ir l ff^^% £ ^ ! 



GEORGE R. NOBLES 
District Attorney, 13 th District 



fVW * , " , ™- 8fT W« !? 7^^ 





R. S. HALL 
District Attorney, 12th District 



HUGH V. WALL 
District Attorney, 14th District- 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 581 

vania, and practised medicine in Mississippi for many years. He was 
twice a delegate to the Constitutional Conventions of Mississippi after 
the Civil War; was appointed by President Johnson Revenue Assessor 
of the Southern District of Mississippi, and was Registrar of the Land 
Office when located at Augusta. He was Superintendent of Education 
of Covington County for several years, during the 80's. District At- 
torney Hall's mother was the daughter of Alexander and Elizabeth 
(McNair) McDonald of Mount Olive, Miss. 

He received his elementary and high-school education at Williams- 
burg and Hattiesburg and, later, took a law course at Millsaps College, 
graduating in 1899, and locating for practice at Hattiesburg, Miss. 

Mr. Hall has held many positions of honor and public trust in 
Mississippi. He was editor of the Hattiesburg Citizen from 1896 to 
1898, during which time he was a vigorous advocate of law enforce- 
ment and better public schools, and was active in all movements for 
the development of his section. He was elected State Senator in 1906; 
Prosecuting Attorney of Forest County in 1910-11; Attorney for the 
Twelfth Judicial District 1912-16, and re-elected to this office for 
1916-20. He was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention at 
Denver, in 1908. 

He is a Democrat; member of the Executive Committee of Forest 
County from 1906 to 1910; member of Presbyterian Church, and of the 
orders of Masons, Odd Fellows, Knights and Ladies of Honor, Macca- 
bees, Elks, Woodmen of the World, Knights of Pythias. 

On April "10th, 1900, he was married to Lenore Stanton Robinson, of 
Hattiesburg. Mrs. Hall is the daughter of Wyman A. Robinson and 
Mary (Staneon) Robinson, of Ontario, Canada. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hall have five children, Stanton Augustus, Robert 
Waldemar, Edward Currie, Jack and Effie Lenore. 



Thirteenth District. 

George Roscoe Nobles. 

George Roscoe Nobles of Raleigh, Miss., District Attorney of the 
Thirteenth Judicial District of Mississippi, was born November 13th, 
1878, at Shiloh, Rankin County, Miss., and is the son of B. H. Nobles 
and Laura Ann (Martin) Nobles. His father was a native of Alabama. 
from which state he removed to Shiloh, Rankin County, Miss. Mr. 
Nobles* mother was the daughter of James M. Martin and Eliza Martin 
of Rankin County. They have, since the establishment of the family 
in Mississippi, taken part in all the movements for the betterment 
of society and were zealous advocates of education, early placing 
their son in the public schools of Rankin County. 



582 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, (OFFICES AND BOARDS 

In the common schools of this progressive county, Mr. Nobles re- 
ceived his elementary training, and afterwards took a thorough liter- 
ary course in the Braxton Collegiate Institute. He, later, entered 
Milsaps College, from which institution he was graduated with the 
A. B. degree in 1903. He was admitted to the bar in 1907 and located 
for practice, first at Taylorsville, Smith County, and later at Raleigh. 
During this period, he became very popular with the people and was 
elected to his present office by a good majority. He has always stooa 
for the best advancement of society and has been behind all move- 
ments for its improvement. He is one of the influential men of his 
community and district which he serves with great honor to his pro- 
fession. 

Mr. Nobles is a Democrat, and was a member of the Democratic 
Executive Committee, 1908-1912; is a member of the Methodist Church, 
and of the fraternal orders of Masons. 

On August 29th, 1906, he was married to Pearl Russell of Daniel, 
Smith County, Miss. Mrs. Nobles is the daughter of Victor Hugo 
Russell and Susan Jones Russell of Smith County. 

Mr. and Mrs. Nobles have two children, Mary George and Mildred 
Russell. 



Fourteenth District. 
Hugh Verxon Wall. 

Hugh Vernon Wall of Brookhaven, Miss., District Attorney for the 
fourteenth Judicial District of Mississippi, was born March 8, 1878, 
near Gillsburg, Amite County, Miss. He is the son of David Jerome 
Wall and Miranda (Morgan) Wall of Amite County. His father was a 
native of Mississippi and spent his entire life on the old plantation 
where he was born. He was a gallant Confederate soldier, serving 
throughout the war. His parents, Tucker Wall and wife Rebecca 
Hurst Wall, came from North Carolina to South Mississippi, and were 
among the early ante-bellum settlers of that portion of the State, 
giving their strength, energy and talents to the development and ad- 
vancement of Mississippi during the early years cf its statehood. 
Their parents, Drew Wall and Rebecca Hurst came from England ana 
settled in North Carolina. The Wall family rendered faithful service 
to the Confederacy, Tucker Wall having sent five of his young sons 
into battle, two of whom were killed. The youngest son of this family 
became the father of Hugh Vernon Wall. 

Mr. Wall's maternal grandparents came from England and settled 
near Jackson, La. He received his early education in the public schools 
of Amite County, attending irregularly on account of the farm work 
which demanded his time. In September, 1894, he entered Gillsburg 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 583 

Collegiate Institute, from which he graduated in 1898. He spent one 
year at the Southwestern Baptist University, Jackson, Tenn., and 
entered the University of Mississippi, in October, 1900. From this he 
graduated in 1902, with degree Bachelor of Law. He located at 
Summit, Pike County, Miss., and soon formed a partnership with 
Clem V. Ratcliff, which continued until Mr. Wall was elected District 
Attorney, in 1907, for the Sixth Judicial District. In 1910, the Legis- 
lature changed the districts and created the 14th District and as Mr. 
Wall was then living in Brookhaven in the latter District, he was 
commisisoned as District Attorney for it; in 1911, he was re-elected 
to succeed himself; again in 1915 and is now serving his term which 
will expire in 1920. Since his incumbency, he has rendered faithful 
service to his State, has been active in the prosecution of many im- 
portant cases, involving the interests of the State, and has been un- 
tiring in his efforts to stamp out the liquor traffic. 

Mr. Wall is a Democrat; was, a delegate to the State Convention of 
1912, and to the National Convention of 1908. 

He is a member of the Baptist Church and of the Masonic Lodge, 
was master of Blue Lodge for two years; is now member of Royal 
Arch Council, Commandery and Shriner Lodges. . 

On December 16, 1908, he was married to Ethel Pitts, daughter of 
Dr. Albert B. Pitts and Rosa (Sumrall) Pitts of Hazlehurst, Miss. . 



Fifteenth District. 
Toxey Hall. 

Toxey Hall of Columbia, Marion County, Miss., District Attorney of 
the Fifteenth Judicial District of Mississippi, was born September 18, 
1882, at Chunkey, Lauderdale County. He is the son of Dr. Wesley 
White Hall and Julia Emma (Wright) Hall of Meridian, Miss., and ot 
Opelika, Ala. His father was a native of Meridian, near which city he 
practised medicine for some four years, thence removing to Rose Hill, 
Jasper County, where he continued his profession for several years, 
after which he moved to Estabuchie, Jones County, where he remained 
for six years, and moved; to Lumberton in Lamar County, where after 
a practice extending over three years, he died in 1902. He was a grad- 
uate of Mobile Medical College. He was the son of Colonel Wesley 
White Hall and Sarah Amanda Eastis, who lived near Meridian, Miss. 
Col. W. W. Hall represented Lauderdale County in the Legislature dur- 
ing two terms, just before or during the Civil War. 

Mr. Hall's mother was the daughter of William Wright and Lucinda 
Robinson who lived at Opelika, Ala., from which place the family 
removed to Mississippi, where it has since resided. He received 



584 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

his early education in the Poplarville High School and graduated in 
May, 1902, from this institution, which under the leadership of Prot. 
W. I. Thames, one of the strongest, best equipped and most influential 
educators in Mississippi, became noted for its high grade of work 
and for its strict discipline. Mr. Hall attended Mississippi College 
during sessions of 1902-03-04, winning the Junior medal for oratory 
in 1904, and representing the Hermenian Literary Society as second 
orator, on its 1904 anniversary. He attended the University of Mis- 
sissippi during session of 1905, and graduated from the Law Depart- 
ment of Millsaps College in 1906, with degree of B. L. 

■ Mr. Hall immediately located at Columbia, Miss., where he has been 
a busy and useful attorney thoroughly identified with the best inter- 
ests of his chosen residence. During 1909 and 1910, he served as 
Mayor of the City of Columbia and was elected. District Attorney for 
the Fifteenth Judicial District, in 1911; was re-elected in 1915, by a 
vote of three to one and is one of the best equipped officials in the pub- 
lic life of the State. 

Mr. Hall is a life-long Democrat; since 1900, a member of the Bap- 
tist Church; was in 1910, Worshipful Master of St. Albans Lodge, No. 
80, Free and Accepted Masons; a member of the Woodmen of the 
World and, in June, 1909, was a delegate to the Sovereign Camp 
W. O. W. at Detroit, Mich. ; is also a member of the Knights of Pythias. 

On October 25, 1911, Judge Hall was married to Pearl Ethel Watts, 
daughter of John Watts and Domer (Tyrone) Watts of Columbia, 
Miss. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hall have one child, Toxy Watts Hall. 



• - Sixteenth District. 

Guy Jack Rencheb. 

. Guy Jack Rencher of DeKalb, Miss., District Attorney of the Sixteenth 
Judicial District, was born December 18, 1877, near Scooba, Kemper 
County, Miss. He is the son of A. M. Rencher and May Jack Rencher 
of Scooba. His father was a member of the 3Gth Alabama Regiment, 
service extending throughout the Civil War. He was the son of 
"Daniel Grant Rencher of Sumpter County, Ala. 

Mr. Rencher's mother was the daughter of Abner Jack of Scooba, 
Miss. He unites Irish ancestry, from both father and mother. His 
ancestors first settled in America before the Revolutionary War, and 
his maternal great-great-great-grandfather, Patrick Jack, was a mem 
ber of the Mecklenburg Convention, and carried the famous "Mecklen- 
burg Declaration of Independence" to the Continental Convention in 
Philadelphia. Both the Rencher and the Jack families have furnished 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 585 

soldiers in every war in which the United States has engaged. Mr. 
Rencher's paternal relatives trace relationship with Lord Ne'son. 
They removed from the Carolinas to Alabama and thence to Missis- 
sippi; where they have been prominent in the development of the 
State and have been identified with all movements for the advance- 
ment and betterment of society. 

Mr. Rencher received his education in the schools of Binnsville, 
Miss.; at Fairview College; and the Iuka Normal. He did not attend 
school regularly, but by hard study and close "application, he was 
thoroughly prepared to enter the Law Department of the University 
of Mississippi, taking two years work in one, and making for himself 
a worthy record in that institution. 

In September, 1901, he was admitted to the Bar and settled for 
practice at DeKalb, where he has since built up an extended practice. 

He was a member of the Legislative Sessions of 1908-1912-1914-1916, 
and during his entire membership in that body, he performed for the 
State faithful and efficient service. He was elected Attorney of the 
Sixteenth Judicial District in 1915, which office he fills with much 
ability. Mr. Rencher is a Democrat, was three times selected as 
Chairman of County Conventions, and was a delegate to the National 
Convention of 1908, which nominated William Jennings Bryan, at 
Denver. During President Wilson's candidacy, Mr. Rencher was re- 
quested to make speeches on behalf of the Democratic party. 

He is an elder in the Presbyterian Church, and a member of the 
benevolent orders of Masons, Elks and Woodmen of the World. Three 
times made Worthy Master of Masonic local lodge. 

On May 4, 1904, he was married to Rosa Mae Flake, at DeKalb, 
Miss., who is the daughter of John and Eliza Flake, now at Oak Grove, 
Miss., formerly of North Carolina. 



Seventeenth District. 

Rich akl> Dp'MAX. 

Richard Denman of Charleston, District Attorney for the Seventeenth 
Circuit Court District of Mississippi, was born May 11, 1885, at Paynes, 
Tallahatchie County, Miss. He is the son of Dr. Thomas Denman and 
Ada Elizabeth (Crenshaw) Denman of Tallahatchie County. His 
father was a native of Carroll County and at the age of seven removed 
with his parents, Richard and Mary Elizabeth Denman, to Paynes, 
Tallahatchie County. Dr. Denman enjoyed good educational advan- 
tages and is a successful physician of his section. His wife was th:- 
daughter of Robert anci Mary Crenshaw of Seobey, Miss. 



586 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 

Richard Denman was reared on a farm near Charleston, being the 
third child of a happy family of ten children. He received his early 
education in the public schools of his native county and afterwards 
attended Mississippi College, Clinton, Miss., where he graduated in 
1908. Choosing law for his profession, he studied through the session 
of 1909, in the University of Virginia, representing that institution in 
the Southern Triangular debate at Athens, Ga. In 1910, he entered 
the Law Department of the University of Mississippi, which he repre- 
sented and for which he won honors in the Southern Pentangular De- 
bate at Baton Rouge, La. - 

Thoroughly equipped for his profession, he began his practice at 
Charleston, in May, 1911, where he still resides and where he has won 
a high reputation among the people of his town and section. On 
August 24, 1915, he received the nomination for Attorney for the 
Seventeenth Judicial District, a position which he fills with signal 
ability. 

Mr. Denman is a member of the Baptist Church and Superintendent 
of that Sunday-school in Charleston. He is a member of the fraternal 
orders of Masons and Woodmen of the World. 

On June 1.9, 1912, Mr. Denman was united in marriage to Rosa Lee 
Ashford, of Pocahontas, Miss., who is the daughter of Dr. J. T. Ash- 
ford and Mary Ashford of Bolton, Miss. Judge and Mrs. Denman 
have one child, Alice Vivian. 



COUNTY PROSECUTING ATTORNEYS WHO TOOK OATH OF 
OFFICE ON JANUARY 1, 1916. 



Adams — Wilmer Shields, Natchez. 
Alcorn — T. H. Johnston, Corinth. 
Bolivar — Charles Clark, Cleveland. 
Carroll — J. G. Hemingway, Carrollton. 
Chickasaw — Jeff Busby, Houtson. 
Claiborne — M. M. Satterfield, Port Gibson. 
Clarke — Wm. Edwards, Shubuta. 
Coahoma — R. H. Kirby, Friars Point. 
Forrest — Alexander Currie, Hattiesburg. 
Harrison — R. C. Cowan, Gulfport. 
Hinds — P. D. Ratliff, Raymond. 
Issaquena — J. D. Farish, Mayersville. 
Jasper — G. N. Brown, Bay Springs. 
Jefferson — John S. Logan, Fayette. 
Jones — T. Weber Wilson, Laurel. 
Kemper, L. C. Hutton, DeKaib. 
Lamar — J. E. Cooper, Purvis. 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS, OFFICES AND BOARDS 587 



Lauderdale — Cliff Mullpy, Meridian. 

Lawrence — Luther E. Grice, Monticello. 

Leake — F. E. Leach, Carthage. 

Lee — John M. Boggan, Tupelo. 

Leflore — Means Johnston, Schlater. 

Lincoln — J. Warren McNair, Brookhaven. 

Madison — Nowland M, Reid, Canton. 

Marion — B. J. Gose, Columbia. 

Marshall — Wall Doxey, Holly Springs. 

Monroe — G. M. Holmes, Aberdeen. 

Neshoba — J. M. Wadsworth, Philadelphia. 

Newton — D. M. Anderson, Newton. 

Noxubee — D. F. Allgood, Macon. 

Oktibbeha — John B. Perkins, Starkville. 

Panola — R. Denman, Batesville. 

Pike— Frank C. Lee, McComb City. 

Sharkey — John S. Joor, Jr., Rolling Fork. 

Sunflower — James L. Williams, Indianola. 

Tallahatchie — J. M. Kuykendall, Charleston. 

Tate — M. H. Thompson. Senatobia. 

Tunica — C. A. Jaquess, Tunica. 

Union — Landen K. Carlton, New Albany. 

Walthall — J. Monroe Alford, Tylertown. 

Warren — John J. O'Neill, Vicksburg. 

Washington — William Ray Toombs, Greenville. 

Wayne — Luther K. Saul, Waynesboro. 

Yazoo — R. R. Norquist, Yazoo City. 



SENATORS AXI) REPRESENTATIVES IN 
CONGRESS FROM MISSISSIPPI 



JOHN SHARP WILLIAMS. 

John Sharp Williams of Cedar Grove, Farm, Yazoo County, Miss., 
United States Senator from Mississippi, was born July 30, 1854, at 
Memphis, Tenn. He is the son of Christopher Harris Williams and 
wife, Annie Louise Sharp. John Williams, a paternal ancestor, was 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the Hillsboro Minute men and afterwards Col- 
onel of the Ninth North Carolina Line Army of the .American Revolu- 
tion; Christopher Harris Williams, his grandfather, was for ten years 
a member of the National House of Representatives from Tennessee. 
John M. Sharp, his maternal grandfather, was Captain of Company 
A, Jefferson Davis Rifles, under the command of Colonel Jefferson 
Davis, in the Mexican War; the father of the subject of this sketch 
was Colonel of the Twenty-seventh Tennessee Volunteers, Confederate 
Army, and was killed at the Battle of Shiloh. Mr. Williams' dtscent 
from Colonel John Williams, Colonel of the Ninth North Carolina 
Line, Revolutionary War, confers upon him the rare distinction of 
membership in the Society of the Cincinnati. 

From the southeastern states, his family removed to Tennessee, 
where they remained until during the Civil War. When the City of 
Memphis was threatened with capture by tne Federal Army, his tam- 
ily removed to his mother's home in Yazoo County, Miss. Mr. Wil- 
liams attended the private schools of Memphis and Yazoo City, after- 
wards attended successively the Kentucky Military Institute near 
Frankfort; the University of the South at Sewanee, Tenn.; the 
University of Virginia; and the University of Heidelberg, Ger- 
many. He subsequently studied law under Processors Minor and 
Southall at the University of Virginia, and in the law office of Harris, 
McKisick & Turley, in Memphis, Tennessee. He was licensed to prac- 
tice in March, 1X77, and in December, L878, he removed to Yazoo City. 
Miss., where he engaged in the practice of his profession and the 



SENATORS AND REPRESENTATIVES IX CONGRESS 589 

varied pursuits of cotton planter. He was a delegate to the Chicago 
Convention which nominated Cleveland and Thurman; was elected to 
the Fifty-third, Fifty-fourth, Fifty-fifth, Fifty-sixth and Fifty-seventh 
Congresses, as a Representative of the Fifth Congressional District, 
and was elected from the new Eighth District to the Fifty-eighth Con- 
gress in November 1902, and in November, 1904, without opposition. 
Mr. Williams is a Democrat; member of the Episcopal Church; Mason, 
Knight of Pythias and Elk; was married at Livingstone, Alabama, 
October 2. 1877, to Bettie Dial Webb, daughter of Dr. Robert Dickens 
Webb and wife, Julia Fulton Webb of Livingstone, Ala. Mr. and Mrs. 
Williams have seven children, Mary (Williams) Holmes, Robert Webb, 
John Sharp, Jr., Mrs. Julia (Williams) Boy kin, Allison Ridley, Mrs. 
Sallie (Williams) Bunk-ley, and Christopher Harris. 

Mr. Williams was the candidate of the Democratic party for Speaker 
of the Fifty-eighth Congress and was leader of the minority on the floor 
of the House. He was a delegate to the National Democratic Conven- 
tion of 1901, and was Temporary Chairman and a member of the Com- 
mittee on Resolutions of that Convention. Mr. Williams was re- 
elected to the Fifty-eighth and Sixtieth Congresses witiiout opposi- 
tion, and was a member of the Rules, and the Ways and Means Commit- 
tees, and the leader of the Democratic party on the floor of the House. 
In 1906, he announced as a candidate for the United States Senate to 
succeed Senator H. D. Money, who did not offer for re-election. In 
the Democratic Primary of August 1, 1907, Mr. Williams w T as nomi- 
nated as the party candidate for United States Senator, in January, 
1908, he was elected to the Senate by the Legislature, and took his 
seat March 4, 1911. He is a member of the following committees: 
Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate, Finance, 
Military Affairs, Public Health and National Quarantine, University 
of the United States. He was reelected to the Senate by the popular 
vote in 1916 without opposition. His term will expire March 3, 1923. 
In all the preparations connected with the war with Germany Sen- 
ator Williams has been a national leader. 

An estimate of Senator Williams' influence on the public affairs of 
the nation would make his biography too lengthy for tLc present pub- 
lication. To say that he is recognized by all parties as one of the 
foremost, safest and soundest leaders and figures in public life of the 
United States, is only repeating the estimate made daily of him by the 
leading writers of public affairs in America. In addition to his un- 
usual ability as a statesman and leader, he is a cultured author and 
publicist, and a friend and advocate of all social movements for the 
benefit of society. 

Senator Williams is an authority on the life and times of Thomas 
Jefferson. In 1912 he was invited by Columbia University to deliver 
a series of lectures on that great statesman^ and these have been pub- 



590 SENATORS AND REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS 

lished in book form by the University. Senator Williams has been one 
of the warmest friends and advocates of the Mississippi Department 
of History and his deep interest in its welfare has been a constant 
source of gratification and encouragement to those engaged in the 
preservation of Mississippi's history. 



JAMES KIMBLE VARDAMAN. 

James Kimble Vardaman, of Jackson, United States Senator from 
Mississippi, was born July 26, 1861, in Jackson County, Texas. He is 
the son of W. S. Vardaman and Anna Elizabeth (Fox) Vai daman. 
His father was a native of Copiah County, Miss., and moved to Texas 
in 1858. He served through the Civil War as a faithful Confederate 
soldier, and in 1868 returned to Yalobusha County, Miss. Senator Var- 
daman's paternal grandfather was an officer of the United States in the 
War of 1812. 

Senator Vardaman when a youth attended the public schools of Yalo- 
busha County under the instructions of Dr. William Bemis, who is still 
living near Pope Station, Miss. He read law in Carrollton, Miss., in 
the office of Helm and Somerville; began his practice in Winona in 
1882; edited the Winona Advance in 1883; removed to Greenwood and 
edited the Greenwood Enterprise from 1890 to 1896; founded The Com- 
monwealth in 1896; represented Leflore County in the Legislature of 
1890, 1892, and 1894; was Speaker of the House in 1891; was Demo- 
cratic Presidential Elector in 1892 and 1896; was President of the 
Electoral College in 1892 and 1896 and has filled many positions of 
honor in the state. 

* He served during the Spanish-American War in 1898; was Captain 
of Company A., Fifth Regiment U. S. V. Infantry; promoted to Ma- 
jor; served in Santiago, Cuba, from August, 1898 to May, 1899; was a 
candidate for Governor in 1895 and 1899; was nominated for Governor 
by the Democratic party in the first general primary election ever held 
in the State, receiving in the first primarv 39.679 votes, to 34.813 for 
F. A. Critz, and 24,233 for E. F. Noel; in the second primary, in which 
F. A. Critz was the opposing candidate, receiving 53,032 to 26,249 for 
Critz, being nominated by a majority of 6,783; and was elected Gover- 
nor November 3, 1903. 

~~ Senator Vardaman is a Democrat and is a member of the Methodist 
Church. He belongs to the Knights and Ladies of Honor, Masons, and 
Knights of Pythias. 

He was married May 31, 1883, at Winona, Miss., to Mrs. Anna E. 
(Burleson) Robinson, daughter of Dr. A. A. Burleson. Mrs. Varda- 
man is a native of Alabama, and her family has been distinguished in 
that State and in Texas. 



SENATORS AND REPRESENTATIVES IN CONGRESS 591 

Senator Vardaman was the first chief executive inaugurated in the 
new capitol, his inauguration taking place in the House of Repre- 
sentatives January 19, 1904. 

Senator Vardaman was elected to the United States Senate in 1911, 
which position he occupies at present. He is a brilliant and resource- 
ful speaker, his oratorical powers and picturesque appearance making 
him very popular with his constituents, by whom he has long been re- 
garded as an idol and leader. Possessed of an eloquence that appeals 
to the people, he is magnetic and persuasive and sways his audience. 
During his administration as Governor, though partisan in his friend- 
ships, he was very diplomatic in his relations with the various state 
officials and had little friction, as he rarely interfered with the func- 
tions of the various state departments. It was after his term as Gov- 
ernor that his bitterest campaigns were waged for higher office, but 
during his incumbency of the Gubernatorial chair he conducted the 
affairs of the state in a manner that gave opportunity for both edu- 
cational and material progress. While a known leader of the work- 
ing classes he has always been interested in Mississippi's educational 
advancement. 



REPR ESEXTATIVES 62XD CONGRESS 



First District. 



Counties, Alcorn, Itawamba, Lee, Lowndes, Monroe, Noxubee. Oktib- 
beha, Prentiss, and Tishomingo (9 counties). Population 1910, 205,637. 

Ezekiel Samuel Candler, Jr. 

Ezekie". Samuel Candler, Jr., of Corinth, was born in Bellville, Ham- 
ilton County. Fla., January 18, 1862, but moved with his parents to 
Tishomingo County, Miss., when 8 years old, and grew to manhood in 
that county; is the oldest son of Ezekiel Samuel Candler, Sr., and 
Julia Beville Candler, who were, natives of Georgia; is a direct des- 
cendent of Col. William Candler, who was a colonel in the Army of 
the American Revolution and the ancestor of the Candler family of 
Georgia, who have been prominently identified with the history of that 
State from the days of the Revolution up to and including the pres- 
ent. Belonging to one of the best families of the South and inherit- 
ing an aspiration for the truest and best things of life, Congressman 
Candler early gave evidence of those qualities which afterwards won 
for him a high place in Mississippi. He received a common-school 
education in the Iuka Male Academy, at Iuka, Miss.; attended the law 
department of the T T nivpr c ity of Mississippi, at Oxford, term of 1880- 
81, and on June 30, 1881, graduated in Law, when a little over 19 years 
of age-, and having had his disabilities of minority removed by the 
Chancery Court, so as to enable him to practice his profession, he at 
once commenced the practice of law with his father at Iuka under the 
firm name of Candler and Candler, which partnership existed until 
the death of his father, on July 30, 1915. 

Mr. Candler was Chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee 
of Tishomingo County in 188 4, when bat 22 years old; moved from 
Iuka to Corinth I. .unary 1, 1887, where he has since resided, the firm 
of Candler U Candler having an. office at Iuka and another at Cor- 
inth; he was nominated by the Democratic State Convention in 1888 

v 



REPRESENTATIVES, 62nd CONGRESS 



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EZEKIEL S. CANDLER. Jr. 
First District 










B. G. HUMPHREYS 
Third District 



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H. D. STEPHENS 
Second District 



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THOMAS U. SISSON 
Fourth District 



REPRESENTATIVES, 6 2ND' CONGRESS 593 

by acclamation, when 26 years old, for presidential elector for the 
first congressional district, and was elected by the largest majority 
received by any district presidential elector at that election in the 
State, and voted for Cleveland and Thurman; he was for 10 years a 
member of the Democratic Executive Committee of Alcorn County. 
He is a member of the following committees: Alcoholic Liquor Traffic, - 
Chairman of Agricultural Committee. 

Mr. Candler is a member of the Baptist Church, and was, from 1896 
to 1905, the moderator of the Tishomingo Baptist Association, and 
several times represented that Association in the Southern Baptist 
Convention, which is the largest religious organization in that denom- 
ination. He is a Mason, Odd Fellow, Woodman, Beta Theta Pi, Knight 
of Honor, Elk, and Knight of Pythias, of which last-named order he 
was Grand Chancellor in the domain of Mississippi from May 1904 to 
May 1905. He was unanimously elected head advisor of the Woodmen 
of the World at Columbus, Miss., at the meeting of Head Camp M. in 
1909 and was unanimously re-elected at the meeting of Head Camp 
M. at Biloxi, Miss., March 1911, and at Meridian, Miss. 

Mr. Candler was married to Nancy Priscilla Hazlewood, on April 
26, 1883, at Cherokee, Ala. Mrs. Candler is the daughter of Thomas 
B. and Susan Hazlewood of Alabama. Congressman and Mrs. Candler 
have three children, Mrs. Julia Bevill Swift, Mrs. Susan Hazelwood 
Small, and Lucia Alice Candler. 



SECOND DISTRICT. 

Counties, Benton, DeSoto Lafayette, Marshall, Panola, Tallahatchie, 
Tate, Tippah and Union (9 counties). Population 1910, 195,748. 



. , Hubert Durrett Stephens. 

Hubert Durrett Stephens of New Albany, Congressman from the 
Second District of Mississippi; was born July 2, 1875, at New Albany, 
Union County, Miss. He is the son of Z. M. Stephens and Letha A. 
(Coker) Stephens. His father is a native of Itawamba County, 
Miss., and in early manhood came to New Albany, where he became 
an influential citizen. He served two terms in the lower house of the 
Legislature and one term as State Senator. He was Presidential Elec- 
tor in 1884; and served one term as Circuit Judge. For more than forty 
years, he has practiced law at New Albany and he enjoys the con- 
fidence of his community. He was the son of Dr. li. B. Stephens and 
Mrs. Isabella S. Stephens, of New Albany. This family, having been 

38 — m 



594 REPRESENTATIVES, 6 2ND CONGRESS 

one of the old established families of Mississippi, became prominent, 
after the removal of the Indians, in the development of the northern 
portion of the State. 

Congressman Stephens' mother was the daughter of E. M. Coker 
and Jennie Coker of Union County. At an early age the son gave evi- 
dence of intellectual ability and made rapid progress in the pub- 
lic schools. He, later, attended the University of Mississippi, where 
he graduated in the law class of 1896, and was admitted to the bar on 
June 9, about a month before he attained his majority. Returning to 
his native town, he established a good practice and served as alder- 
man during one term. On January 1, 1908, he was elected District 
Attorney of the Third Judicial District, having previously been ap- 
pointed to that office, to fill a vacancy. In April, 1910, he resigned the 
above position to become a candidate for Congress, and was elected 
to that high office in the sixty-second Congress, where he is now serv- 
ing his third term, having always reflected honor upon his party and 
performing faithful service in behalf of his County and his State. 

Congressman Stephens is a Democrat and in the National Congress 
he is a member of the following important Committees: Banking and 
Currency, Claims, Expenditures in State Department, Roads and Elec- 
tions. He is a member of the Methodist Church and of the fraternal 
orders of Mason, Woodmen of the World, Elks, and Knights of Pyth- 
ias. 

On October 18, 1899, Mr. Stephens was married to Delia Glenn of 
Courtland, Miss. She is the daughter of Joseph K. Glenn and Fannie 
Glenn of the same place. 

Mr. and Mrs. Stephens have two children, Hubert D., Jr., and Mar- 
ion Glenn. 



THIRD DISTRICT. 

Counties, Bolivar, Coahoma, Holmes, Issaquena, Leflore, Quitman, 
Sharkey, Sunflower, Tunica, and Washington (10 counties). Popula- 
tion 1910, 292,713. 



Benjamin Grubb Humphreys. 

Benjamin Grubb Humphreys of Greenville, Miss., was born August 
17, 1865, at Lucknow Plantation, Claiborne County, Miss. He is the 
son of Benjamin Grubb Humphreys and Mildred Hickman Maury 
Humphreys, of Claiborne and Leflore Counties. His father was born 
on the Hermitage Plantation in Claiborne County; was Brigadier-Gen- 
eral in the Confederate Army and was the author of a history entitled, 
"War on Southern States." After the Civil War, he was a member 



REPRESENTATIVES, 62nd CONGRESS 



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BYROX P. HARRISON 
Sixth District 





PERCY E. QUIX 
Seventh District 



J. W. COLLIER 
Eighth District 



REPRESENTATIVES, 62ND CONGRESS 595 

of the State Senate and Governor of Mississippi, having taken an 
active and heroic part in the re-habilitation of his State. While Gov- 
ernor of the State, 1865-68, he was forcibly ejected from the Execu- 
tive office and residence, by Federal soldiers under the command of 
Brigadier-General Adelbert Ames, U. S. A., who, as military governor, 
succeeded him. His ancestors came from Virginia and Tennessee to 
Mississippi. Ralph Humphreys, paternal great grandfather of Congress- 
man Humphreys, was colonel of a Virginia Regiment in the Revolution- 
ary Army. His wife, Agnes, was a daughter of Colonel George Wilson 
of Pennsylvania who was of the family of James Wilson, one of the sign- 
ers of the Declaration of Independence. George Wilson was a colonel 
in the Revolutionary Army. George Wilson Humphreys, (son of Ralph 
Humphreys and grandfather of Congressman Humphreys) and wife 
Sarah Smith lived at the Hermitage Plantation in Claiborne County, 
where Governor Humphreys was born. Sarah Smith Humphreys was 
the daughter of Major David Smith, a soldier in the Revolutionary 
War. His son, Benjamin F. Smith, served under General Jackson in 
the Creek Indian War when but a lad of fifteen, and later was at the 
Battle of New Orleans. The family removed from Kentucky to Mis- 
sissippi and settled in Hinds County after that region was transferred 
to the State by the Choctaws, Benjamin F. Smith becoming the first 
representative of Hinds County in the Legislature. Major David 
Smith's wife, Sarah Terry, was the daughter of Joseph Terry, who was 
killed at the Battle of King's Mountain. 

Congressman Humphreys' mother, Mildred Hickman Maury Hum- 
phreys, was the daughter of James Henry Maury and Lucinda Smitn 
of Port Gibson, and formerly of Tennessee. By tracing the history of 
such families here, it will be seen what blood flows in the veins of 
Mississippi's present population, nearly all of her public officials, 
whether occupying high or low position, showing in their genealogies 
descent from the builders and makers of America. 

Mr. Humphreys was early given good educational advantages. He 
attended the Lexington Male and Female College for, some years and 
entered the University of Mississippi, wnere he remainea four years, 
1880-1884. He afterwards took a law course in that institution ana 
was admitted to the bar at Greenwood, in 1891, where he practiced 
until elected District Attorney in 1895. Among other numerous posi- 
ons of public trust held by Mr. Humphreys was that of Justice of the 
Peace at Itta Bena, 1890; Superintendent of Education, Leflore County, 
1892-95; District Attorney for the counties Tunica, Quitman, Coa- 
homa, Bolivar, Washington, Sunflower, Leflore and Tallahatchie, 1895- 
1903. In every position, he gave the State valuable service, few pub- 
lic men of Mississippi being as popular wkh the people, irrespective 
of partisanship and factional alliances. 



7 
596 REPRESENTATIVES, 6 2ND CONGRESS 

When the United States was drawn into war with Spain for the lib- 
eration of Cuba, Mr. Humphreys responded eagerly to his country's 
call and was elected First Lieutenant of Company B., Second Missis- 
sippi Volunteers of Infantry, which he raised in Greenwood. He was. 
at the time, District Attorney and he offered his resignation to Gov. 
A. H. Longino in order to leave with his company for the war. Gov- 
ernor Longino declined to accept his resignation, but granted him 
leave of absence. During the Spanish-American War, he rendered 
faithful service, under General Fitzhugh Lee, at Panama, Florida, in 
the Second Mississippi Regiment of Volunteer Infantry. 

In 1900, Mr. Humphreys became a candidate for Congress, but was 
defeated by Patrick Henry of Vicksburg. In 1902, Mr. Humphreys 
was nominated without opposition in the Democratic Primary, was 
elected in November to the Fifty-eighth Congress, and has served con- 
tinuously since that time. His principal Congressional work has b^en 
the improvement of the Mississippi River and the' prevention of its 
floods. . He is the author of the law requiring the United States In- 
ternal Revenue Collector to furnish, to State authorities, a list of 
parties paying taxes as liquor dealers; also author of the law forbid- 
ding common carriers to convey intoxicating liquors in interstate 
commerce, C. 0. D.; also author of the law for improvement of Big 
Sunflower River, with locks and dams; also author of the law creat- 
ing Delta Division of United States Court. He has promoted numer- 
ous other legislation looking to the benefit of his section and the en- 
tire country, and has "reflected much honor on Mississippi in the pub- 
lic services which he has rendered her people. 

Congressman Humphreys is a Democrat and is a member of the Con- 
gressional Committees, Rivers and Harbors, Chairman of Committee 
on Territories in the 61st Congress. 

He was a Presbyterian, but afterwards became a member of the 
Episcopal Church, of which his wife was a member. He is a member 
of the fraternal order of Elks and is greatly esteemed by its member- 
ship. Mr. Humphreys is the author of a valuable manuscript entitled 
"Floods and Lerees of the Mississippi River." a subject which has al- 
ways interested him deeply. 

On October 9, 1889, he was married to Louise Yerger, at Biloxi, 
Miss. Mrs. Humphreys is the daughter of William Yerger and Lucy 
(Green) Yerger, both of whom are deceased. They were among the 
most prominent families of Mississippi. Major William Yerger was 
a brave and gallant officer in the Confederate Army and gave constant 
service to the Confederacy throughout the war; was in many battles 
and engagements and participated in the siege of Vicksburg; was on 
the staff of Gen. Charles Clark and of Gen. Pernberton, and subse- 
quently was with Major Armistead's Cavalry Regiment. Returning to 
civil life after the surrender, Major Yerger served twenty-five years as 



REPRESENTATIVES, 6 2ND CONGRESS 597 

Mayor of the City of Greenville, and was one of the most popular men 
of his section, being highly esteemed by all classes. Mrs. Lucy Green 
Yerger, his wife, was the daughter of A. A. Green and Caroline Maury 
of Jefferson County 'and Port Gibson. She was one of the best beloved 
and most accomplished women of Mississippi, As President of the 
State Division, U. D. C, her service was full of devotion and marked 
by the highest and purest ideals. 

Congressman and Mrs. Humphreys have two children, William Yer- 
ger, and Mildred Maury. 

For further genealogy of the Yerger family, see biography of Wil- 
liam Yerger in the "Encyclopedia of Mississippi History." 



FOURTH DISTRICT. 

Counties: Attala, Calhoun, Carroll, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Clay, 
Grenada, Montgomery, Pontotoc, Webster, Yalobusha. (11 counties.) 
Population 1910, 216,215. 



Thomas Upton Sisson. 

Thomas Upton Sisson of Winona, Montgomery County, was born 
September 22, 1869, in Attala County, Miss., and is the son of Charles 
Augustus Sisson of Georgia and Repinkerton Miller Sisson, Jackson, 
Miss., and later of Attala County, Miss. When a small child, bis 
father moved to Mississippi before the Civil War. When the war 
broke out, he enlisted in the Confederate Army from Choctaw County 
and served as a private in Forrest's Cavalry. He was the son of 
Thomas Sidney Sisson and wife Louise Sisson (nee Bush), who lived 
in Montgomery and Choctaw Counties, Miss. 

Congressman Sisson's mother, was the daughter of Upton Miller 
and Elizabeth Clark Miller of Jackson, Miss., and later of Attala 
County. "Her father was a member of the, State Senate from Hinds 
County and president pro tern of the Senate, before the Civil War. 
James Clark, his maternal greai-grandiatner, was tne founder of the 
Christian (Campbellite) Church in Mississippi, and was also State 
Treasurer during one term. 

Mr. Sisson obtained his early education in the country schools of 
Choctaw County and in French Camp Academy. He, later, entered 
the Southwestern Presbyterian University at Clarkesville, Tenn., and 
received the degree of A. B. from that institution in 1890; he after- 
wards entered the Cumberland University of Lebanon, Tenn., and was 
graduated from that college in 1895, with the degree of L.L. B. 

Mr. Sisson's boyhood home was one of refinement and culture, and 
though not a "self-made man" in the sense of having no early advan- 



598 REPRESENTATIVES, 62ND CONGRESS 

tages, he contended with the same conditions that everywhere handi- 
capped the young men of the South in obtaining an education, after 
the Civil War and the Reconstruction Period. When a lad, he worked 
on his father's farm, in a saw and a grist mill, and ran a traveling 
threshing-machine, during the summers. Such industry could but bear 
rich fruit in the boy's character in after years. Nothing daunted by 
lack of means, he early in life taught the public school at Kenago, 
Choctaw County, and from the money made in this work he paid his 
college expenses. Later, he continued to teach and was principal of 
the High School at Carthage, Miss., 1890-1891; also principal of the 
Kosciusko School 1891-2-3. 

Mr. Sisson practised law in Memphis, Tenn., during the year 1895. 
The desire to return to his native State and share in its progress and 
advancement became so strong that he removed to Winona, Miss., in 
1896, and continued the practice of law until he was elected a Repre- 
sentative of his District in Congress, in 1908. 

Prior to his election to Congress, Mr. Sisson held many offices of 
public trust. During these years his advance in public life was steady, 
and his associates and acquaintances recognized in him the qualities 
of leadership that would stand the test of time. When quite a young 
man he was a member of the Board of Aldermen of Winona; after- 
wards, he became City Attorney, and County Attorney of Montgomery 
County. In 1898, he was elected to the State Senate to fill out the 
unexpired term of Dr. Thomas Somerville, serving only for a short 
session. He was elected District Attorney in 1903 and resigned in 
January, 1907, to enter the race for Governor, for which office he was 
defeated by only a small plurality. In 1908, he was elected to Con- 
gress, and re-elected in 1910-12-14. 

He is a Democrat, elector for the State at large, in 1900, on the 
Democratic ticket. 

He is a member of the Masonic Lodge, (Royal Arch Mason, member 
of the Council, Commandery and Shrine), and Past Grand Master. 
He also belongs to the fraternal orders of Odd Fellows, Knights of 
Pythias, Woodmen of the World, Junior Order of American Mechanics, 
Modern Woodmen, and S. A. E. Fraternity. 

On June 6. 1901, Mr. Sisson was married to Mary Helen Purrieli, 
daughter of James C. Purnell and Jennie Hawkins Purnell, of Winona, 
Miss. Mrs. Sisson died March 27, 1915, her youngest child dying a 
few months later. Mr. Sisson has four living children, Thomas Up- 
ton, Jr., James C, Charles A., and Mary Helen. 



REPRESENTATIVES, 6 2ND CONGRESS 599 



FIFTH DISTRICT. 

Counties, Clarke Jasper, Kemper, Lauderdale, Leake, Neshoba, New- 
ton, Scott, Smith and Winston (10 counties). Population 1910, 217,223. 



William Webb Vex able. 

William Webb Venable. of Meridian, the son of Dr. R. A. Venable ; 
one of the most prominent Baptist ministers of the South, was' born 
in Clinton, Miss., September 2-5, 18S0, but shortly thereafter removed 
to Memphis, Tenn., with his father, who was pastor of the First Bap- 
tist Church at that place for ten years; removed to Clinton, Miss., 
where his father was president of Mississippi College for a number of 
years, and from which institution young Venable was graduated, re- 
ceiving A. B. degree; one-year post graduate course; graduated from 
Cumberland University, Lebanon, Tenn., with LL. B.. degree. He has 
resided in Meridian, Lauderdale County, since 1894; member National 
Guard of Mississippi one year; began the practice of law in Meridian 
summer of 1905; was appointed county attorney of Lauderdale County 
when that office was created, in April, 1910; was appointed District 
attorney in October, 1910, to succeed Hon. J. Hector Currie, deceased; 
served unexpired term of one year and two months; was elected with- 
out opposition to a full term as district attorney; served three years 
of this term, when he was elected judge of the tenth judicial district 
of Mississippi by a large majority; resigned as district attorney Janu- 
ary 1, 1915, to take up his new duties as circuit judge; on the death 
of Hon. S. A. Witherspoon, Judge Venable announced as a candidate 
to represent the fifth congressional district. He had as his opponents 
Hon. J. R. Byrd of Newton, Newton County; Hon. C. L. Dobbs, of Phil- 
adelphia, Neshoba County; Hon. I. S. Watson, of Union, Newton 
County; Hon. W. A. Ellis, of Carthage, Leake County; and Hon. W. 
H. Joyner, formerly secretary to Congressman Witherspoon. Judge 
Venable and his opponents, except Mr. Watson and Mr. Joyner, ran 
upon a platform indorsing the Democratic administration. Judge 
Venable was elected over all of his opponents by special election on 
January 4, 1916, receiving a plurality of 503. He was re-elected in 
19-16,* and fills his position to the entire satisfaction of his constituents. 
Judge Venable is one of the ablest and truest men in the National 
Congress and it is with a deep sense of satisfaction that Mississippi 
claims him for her son. 

Data taken from Congressional Directory of May, 1916, page 55. 



600 REPRESENTATIVES, 6 2ND CONGRESS 



SIXTH DISTRICT. 

Counties, Covington, Forrest, George, Greene, Hancock, Harrison, 
Jacksom, Jefferson Davis, Jones. Lawrence, Marion, Lamar, Pearl 
River, Perry, Simpson, Wayne, and Stone (17 counties). Population 
1910, 244,949. 



Byrox Pattox Harrisox. 

Byron Patton Harrison of Gulfport, Congressman from the Sixth 
District, was born at Crystal Springs, Copiah County, Miss., on Aug- 
ust 29, 1881. He is the son of Robert Adams Harrison and Mary 
Ann (Patton) Harrison of Crystal Springs. Robert Adams Harrison 
was the son of Benjamin Harrison and Hettie Bryant Harrison, the 
former belonging to the Southern branch of the Harrison family of 
New England. 

Mr. Harrison obtained his early education in the schools of Crystal 
Springs, where he made rapid progress and was a bright, aspiring 
lad. He attended the University of Louisiana and clioosing law as a 
profession, he began the practice at Leakesville, Miss., in September, 
1902. He served as District Attorney from 1905 to 1911, beginning 
his first term of office at the age of 21. During that period, he became 
very popular in his section of the State. In 1910, he resigned this po- 
sition to accept the nomination to the Sixty-second Congress; was 
elected by a majority of 3,940; was re-elected in 1912 and 1914. 

Congressman Harrison, though a young man, is rapidly making his 
way to the front in the political life of Mississippi and being a fear- 
less advocate of right, and of high social and political idea's, he has 
won the confidence of the p^opie of his State and country. He is a 
Democrat and a member of the following committees: Foreign Af- 
fairs, and Committee on Rules. 

Congressman Harrison is a strong supporter of President Wood row 
Wilson and was the permanent chairman of the Democratic State Con- 
vention of May, 1916, tha*t instructed the Misisssippi delegation to the 
National Convention, to vote f or the rp-nominatinn of President Wil- 
son. During the Convention, he played a prominent part and deliv- 
ered a speech of great force and power on behalf of Preparedness and 
other administrative measures. 

Mr. Harrison is a member of the Methodist Church and is a Mason, 
Odd Fellchv, Knight of Pythias, Woodman of the World and Elk. 

On January 19, 1905. he was married to Mary Edwina Mclnnis of 
Leakesville, Miss. Mrs. Harrison is the daughter of Hugh Mclnnis 
and Matilda Mclnnis of Leakesville, Miss. 

Congressman and Mrs. Harrison have three children. Byron Patton, 
Jr., Catherine, and Mary Anne. 



REPRESENTATIVES, 6 2ND CONGRESS 601 



SEVENTH DISTRICT. 

Counties, Adams, Amite, Caliborne, Copiah, Franklin, Jefferson, 
Lincoln, Pike, and Wilkinson (9 counties). Population 1910, 218,898. 



Percy Edwards Quinx. 

Percy Edwards Quin of McConib City, Congressman from the Sev- 
enth District, was born October 30, 1872, in Amite County, Miss., and 
is the son of Henry Graham Quin and Virginia Elizabeth (Davis; 
Quin of Pike County. 

Mr. Quin is of Irish ancestry, his great-grandfather, Peter Qiiinn and 
wife Judith Robinson, having emigrated from that country to York 
County, South Carolina; thence, when his children were grown, to 
Spanish West Florida, in 179U, thus making his family one of the 
colonial families of Mississippi. Peter Quin was a soldier in the 
American Revolution. After his removal to the Southern territory 
from which Mississippi was made, he later settled in Pike County 
when that county was formed in the State of Mississippi. The fam- 
ily has since resided in this section of the State, and has been a prom- 
inent and influential one. 

Henry Quin, grandfather of Percy Edwards Quin, was the first Cir- 
cuit Clerk of Pike County and served in the War of 1812, from Mis- 
sissippi. He married Minerva Graham of Pike County. 

Henry Graham Quin, father of Percy Edwards Quin, was a native 
of Pike County and was Justice of the Peace in Amite County, to 
which he removed. He was a Baptist minister and also engaged in 
farming before the Civil War. At the breaking out of hostilities be- 
tween the North and the South, he entered the Confederate Army. He 
was a lieutenant in the 33rd Mississippi Regiment, and made a record 
as a fearless and faithful soldier. His wife was the daughter of Sam- 
uel Randolph Davis and Emma Edwards Davis, who were residents 
of Wilkinson County, Miss. 

Percy Edwards Quin received nis early education at trie Grange Hali 
pub.ic school in Amite County. He later entered the Gillsburg Col- 
legiate institute of Amite County, where he was graduated with the 
degree of B. S. in 1890. Entering Mississippi College, he graduated 
from that institution with the degree of A. B. in 1893. While a stu- 
dent at the college, he was lieutenant of the Mississippi College Rifles. 

Mr. Quin entered the profession of public-school teaching and while 
engaged in teaching in the High School, he took up the study of law, 
under the instruction of William B. Mixon and Judae J. H. Price, to 
whom he is strongly attached. He began the practice or law in Mc- 
Comb City, in October, 1894, where he became very popular as an at- 



602 REPRESENTATIVES, 6 2ND CONGRESS 

torney, and was City Attorney for the corporation of McComb City in 
1895. He represented Pike County in the Legislature for four years, 
during Gov. A. H. Longino's administration, 1S90-94, inclusive. 

Mr. Quin is a Democrat and has always been fearless, and independ- 
ent in his political career. Having always enjoyed the confidence of 
his party and constituents; he has had little opposition and is re- 
garded as a young man of great promise. 

He is a member of the Baptist Church, Odd Fellow, Knight of Pyth- 
ias, Woodman of the World, Columbian Woodman and Maccabee. 

On October 1, 1913, Mr. Quin was married to Aylette B. Conner of 
Natchez, Miss. Mrs. Quin is the daughter of Richard Ellis Conner and 
Margaret B. Conner. 

Congressman and Mrs. Quin are very popular in the political and 
social circles of Washington. 



EIGHTH DISTRICT. 

Counties, Hinds, Madison, Warren, Rankin, and Yazoo (5 counties) 
Population 1910, 205,335. 



jAiiEs William Cor.TTF.R. 

James William Collier of, Vi^ksburg, was born at "Glenwocd Plan- 
tation," near Vicksburg, in Warren County, Miss., September 28, 1872. 
As a lad he attended the public schools of his county, taking the 
High School course later. In 1890, he entered the State University, 
and in 1891 he graduated in law irom that institution. In 1895, he 
was elected a member of the Lower House of the Mississippi Legisla- 
ture, being the youngest member of that body. He was elected Circuit 
Clerk of Warren County in 1899, and re-elected without opposition in 
1903 and 1907; in 1908, he was nominated by the Democratic party for 
the Sixty-first Congress and re-elected without opposition, receiving 
5,657 votes; was re-elected to the Sixty-second Congress. 

He is a member of the following committees: Elections No. 1, In- 
dustrial Arts and Expositions, Merchant Marine and Fisheries. 

Mr. Collier is regarded as one of the most brilliant young men in 
the National House of Representatives and his career in public life 
is one in which the entire State is deeply interested, since few men 
have rendered the country more disinterested and helpful service. 

In 1900, Mr. Collier married Emma Klein; they have two children. 



PART V. 



State Institutions — 

. The University of Mississippi. 

Mississippi Industrial Institute and College. 
The Mississippi A. & M. College. 
The Mississippi Normal College. 
The Alcorn A. & M. College. 

History of First Mississippi Infantry. 

Statistics for Mississippi. 

The Magnolia — State Flower of Mississippi. 



Co 3 coY 



STATE INSTITUTIONS 



THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSISSIPPI 



BY ALFRED HI ME, LL. D. 



LOCATION, GROUNDS, BUILDINGS. 

The University is situated in the outskirts of the town of Oxford, in 
Lafayette County. Its elevation above sea level is about 500 feet. The 
surrounding country is hilly, affording excellent drainage. The cam- 
pus is a large grove of magnificent forest trees, with a carpeting of 
grass, covering sixty acres, in the center of a square mile of forest land 
belonging to the institution. This site combines the quiet, the beauty, 
and the vigor and physical healthfulness of the country, with the con- 
veniences of urban life. The University's extensive domain is admir- 
ably suited for the largest development. Of its tract of six hundred 
and forty acres, approximately five hundred, lying west of the line of 
the Illinois Central Railroad, form one compart block available for 
University uses. 

The University buildings used for educational purposes together 
with the chapel, the dormitories, the power house, and the hospital, 
present a frontage aggregating approximately seventeen hundred feet, 
and a total depth of about nine hundred feet. All are of brick, and 
three stories in height, except the Lamar Hall, the power house, and 
Taylor Hall, which are two-story buildings; the hospital, with one 
story; and the observatory, portions of which have two stories. 

In addition to these are fourteen residences. The Chancellor's is a r 
the east end of the observatory; the other thirteen, widely separated, 
are the homes of members of the faculty. 



606 STATE INSTITUTIONS 

The power plant furnishes water and lisrht to all the campus build- 
ings and steam heat to all except eight of the residences and tbe small- 
est of the dormitories. 

The total value of the University buildings is about $465,000.00. The 
furniture, machinery, scientific apparatus, and books in the buildings 
on the campus, together with the grounds, are valued at $210,000.00. 

The Lyceum, occupying the most commanding position on the cam- 
pus, was completed in 1848. A few years later its capacity was nearly 
doubled by an extension in the rear. Much larger additions were made 
in 1903, the original central portion being flanked by north and south 
wings. This building contains class rooms for the Departments of 
Mathematics, Latin, Chemistry, Germanic Languages, and Romance 
Languages; the chemical laboratories; the lecture rooms, drawing- 
rooms, and testing laboratory, of the Engineering School; the assem- 
bly hall of the Y. M. C. A.; the gymnasium, with baths; and the ad- 
ministration offices. 

The Astronomical Observatory, built in the late fifties, contains the 
lecture room of the School of Physics, the physical laboratory, the cab- 
inet of physical apparatus, transit room, computing room, a small 
equatorial telescope, and the large telescope of the "twin equatorial" 
pattern. Originally the Department of Astronomy was planned on a 
very large scale and the erection of this instrument in 1892 marked a 
long step toward the carrying out of the original design. At that time 
there was only one telescope in the South superior to it. 

The Chapel was completed in 1853. The auditorium occupies the 
first and second floors, with a seating capacity of five hundred and 
thirty on the first floor, and about four hundred in the galleries. The 
halls of the Hermaean and the Phi Sigma societies, and several living 
rooms for students, are on the third floor. 

Lamar Hall was erected in 1889 as the University library, and was 
used for library purposes until 1911. Since 1911 it has been the home 
of the Law School. 

The Library, erected in 1010-11, contains the general University li- 
brary and reading rooms, and lecture rooms of the Departments of 
Greek and History. 

Science Hall was built during the -session of 1906-07. Including a 
basement, chiefly above ground, it has four stories. In this building 
are found lecture halls, laboratories, and professors' offices, for the 
School of Medicine. The School of Pharmacy has commodious quar- 
ters in the basement. 

Peabody Hall, completed during the session of 1912-13, is the home 
of the School of Education. Tho building contains eight lecture rooms, 
one auditorium with provision for a stereopticon, and rooms for the 
teaching of domestic science and manual training. 



STATE INSTITUTIONS 607 

The Hospital, completed early in 1907, contains one large ward and 
several private ones, physician's office, sterilizing and operating rooms, 
bath and toilet rooms, apartments for matron and nurse, kitchen, din- 
ing-room, pantries, etc. 

The Power House, and the new heat and light distributing systems, 
were completed late in 190S, at a cost of $35,000.00. 

The Cottages in the grove south of the Lyceum are designed for mar- 
ried students and their families. 

Gordon Hall, a dormitory for men, was begun in the autumn of 1908 
and completed in June. 1909. It is thoroughly modern in all its ap- 
pointments, a.nd will accommodate two hundred students. Broad cor- 
ridors and stairways give easy access to all parts of the building. Im- 
mediately back of the main entrance is a spacious lobby, from which 
hallways extend right and left; wide double stairs lead to a landing 
connected by a single flight with the second floor. 

The front of the building is nearly two hundred feet long, and there 
are two wings, each with a little less than one hundred feet in depth. 
Within the quadrangular space thus formed and in connection with 
the dormitory is a beautiful dining hall, capable of seating four hun- 
dred. In the rear are the kitchen, pantries, storage room, etc. 

LaBauve, Madison, and Washington Halls constitute one building 
used as a dormitory for men since 1848 and containing rooms for about 
sixty students. 

Odom, Jackson, and Calhoun Halls constitute a men's dormitory, 
erected about 1857, and accommodating at present fifty or more stud- 
ents. 

Taylor Hall, built in 1905, is a dormitory containing sixteen rooms. 

Ricks Hall, erected in 1903, and situated in a retired and convenient 
location on the University grounds, is open only to women students 
and affords a University home combining protection with freedom and* 
dignity. It is provided with all modern conveniences, including a din- 
ing-room. 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. 

[In preparing this sketch the writer has drawn very largely, for the 
historical facts, from papers by Drs. R. B. Fulton and Edward 
Mayes, ex-Chancellors of the University, and from University cata- 
logues and bulletins.] 
The University of Mississippi, like the state universities in all the 
states of the Union, excepting the original thirteen, owes its origin to 
the policy adopted by the Continental Congress in the ordinance which 
became law July 13, 1787, and which was enacted for the government 
Of the Northwest Territory, Jt§ provisions were afterwards extended 



608 STATE INSTITUTIONS 

in general to all of the public domain. This ordinance declared in ref- 
erence to education in the region to which it applied that "religion. 
morality, and knowledge, being necessary to good government and 
the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall 
forever be encouraged." 

In the carrying out of this policy, the State of Mississippi, when or- 
ganized, received from the federal government the equivalent of one 
section in every township of land for common schools, and by the act 
of February 20, 1819, received one township of land for the support of 
a seminary of learning, or state university. This act of Congress was 
intended to grant two townships of land to the state. The deficiency 
in the amount actually received was ignored or forgotten from 1819 to 
1892. In 1892 the attention of the board of trustees was called to the 
matter by the chancellor of the University, and authority was given 
him in 1893 to undertake to secure the grant needed to make up the 
deficiency. 

A memorial was duly presented to Congress clearly showing the ex- 
istence of a deficiency and explaining the manner in which it occurred, 
and urging that the grant made to the State for the University be 
increased from one township to four townships of land, four town- 
ships being the largest amount given to any State for this purpose. 
The matter was actively urged before Congress with the cooperation 
of all members from this State. The result was the granting to the 
State of another township of land for the University by an Act of 
June 20, 1894. 

The lands embraced in the original township granted in 1819 were 
leased in part from 1829 to 1833. In 1831 the legislature directed that 
the lands be sold. Thirty-five and one-half sections were sold in the 
manner prescribed by the legislature, about the year 1833, for the sum 
of $277,332.52. The act of the legislature of February 20, 1840, appro- 
priated all the proceeds of the sale of the seminary lands "for the use 
and benefit of the University of the State of Mississippi," and on the 
same day the legislature provided for the location of the University, 
which had not yet been established. Upon the report of commissioners 
appointed under this act, the present location in Lafayette County was 
fixed by the legislature by a majority of one vote. On the 24th of Feb- 
ruary, 1844, the University of Mississippi was duly chartered by the 
legislature, and its first board of trustees named. 

This body was composed of men who ranked among the most dis- 
tinguished citizens of the State. Among these, Hon. James Alexander 
Ventress has the distinction of being the author of the bill, which be- 
came a law in 1844, organizing the University. He received his edu- 
cation in the common schools of Wilkinson County, Mississippi, at the 
University of Edinburgh, the Academic de Paris, and the University 
of Berlin. He was a brilliant scholar and writer. While in Berlin he 
was the German correspondent and assistant editor of the Revue de 



STATE INSTITUTIONS 609 

Deux Mondes. To the organization, equipment and maintenance of 
the University of Mississippi he devoted his talents and his large po- 
litical influence as a member of the Legislature and Speaker of the 
House of Representatives. He was continuously a member of the 
Board of Trustees from 1844 to 1867, the time of his death. An even 
longer period, twenty-six years, was covered by the valuable services 
of another member of the first Board, Judge James M. Howry. From 
1844 to 1870 this devoted friend of the University gave freely of his 
time and talents in untiring efforts to advance the interests of the in- 
stitution. During the greater part of this time he discharged with 
eminent ability and conspicuous fidelity the duties of the combined 
offices of Secretary and Treasurer. It was Judge Howry who success- 
fully led the forces favoring the introduction of the Evidences of 
Christianity into the curriculum and establishing the University on a 
basis distinctly Christian. 

The first meeting of the Board of Trustees was held -in the capitol 
of the State, January 15, 1845, at which time an organization was 
effected. Under the original charter, the board was a self-perpetuat- 
ing corporation consisting of thirteen members. In 1857, by an act 
of the legislature, the governor became, ex officio, a member and presi- 
dent of the board. Since the Civil War, vacancies have been filled by 
the governor's appointment. An act of the legislature of 1870 states 
that such appointments are to be made with the advice and consent of 
the senate. In 1876, the number of trustees was increased to fifteen. 
There are now ten members of the board, eight of them appointed for 
a term of six years, two of them, the governor, and the superintendent 
of education, serving ex officio. In this board is vested the supreme 
control of the University. 

The second regular meeting of the Board of Trustees was held in 
Oxford, July 14, 1845. The Board accepted two half sections of land 
lying immediately west of the town of Oxford, the south half of sec- 
tion 20, and the north half of section 29, township 8, range 3 W., 
which had been purchased by citizens of Oxford and Lafayette county, 
and donated to the state for the location of the University. At this 
meeting of the Board of Trustees, preliminaries were arranged for the 
erection of buildings. At the next meeting, in January, 1846, William 
Nicholl, an Englishman, was elected supervising architect. Plans were 
received and adopted for the front of the Lyceum building, the two 
contingent dormitories, and residences for four professors. Work was 
begun on these buildings soon afterwards. In July, 1848, the election 
of the first faculty was held, and November 6, 1848, the first session 
opened with a faculty of four members and about fifty students pres- 
ent. From its opening until 1SS0 the University was maintained by 
annual appropriations made by the legislature. In 1856 a special 
appropriation of $100,000, to be paid in five annual installments, was 



610 STATE INSTITUTIONS 

made by the legislature, and with the aid of this the University made 
its first large growth in facilities and equipment. The University of 
Mississippi speedily took rank as one of the best equipped institutions 
in the country. The value of the prestige thus attained was tangible 
and has been permanent. 

In the spring of 1S61 the excitement due to political events seriously 
interrupted the work of the University. Many students withdrew be- 
fore the close of the session, in order to enlist in the Confederate 
army. A company of students, which has become historic, was or- 
ganized on the campus under the title "University Greys.'* 

It is probable that four-fifths of all the young men whose names 
appear on the rolls as students of the University, from its organization 
up to the beginning of the civil war, enlisted in the Confederate serr- 
ice. A very large proportion, much larger than the average of Con- 
federate soldiers, sacrificed their lives in the service of the State. 
During the ante-bellum period eleven classes were graduated from the 
University, the first in 1851, the last in 1861, with two hundred and 
ninety-six graduates. Of these, forty-six were "honor men," and the 
records show that more than half of this number saw active service 
in the Army of the Confederacy. 

In the fall of 1861, owing to the existing Civil War, only four 
students appeared for matriculation, the faculty resigned and exer- 
cises were suspended until the fall of 1865. The Board of Trustees, 
appointed Professors A. J. Quinche and Burton H. Harrison as cus- 
todians of the buildings and other property of the University. Pro- 
fessor Quinche remained in charge during the period of the Civil 
War and succeeded in preserving intact the property intrusted to his 
care. Professor Harrison resigned his place at the University and 
served as secretary to the President of the Confederate States. 

During the war the buildings of the University were occupied some- 
times by Confederate and sometimes bv, Federal soldiery. Soon after 
the batUe of Shiloh they were used for hospital purposes, and gare 
their shelter to some 1.500 sick and wounded Confederate soldiers. 
More than 700 of these sleep in unmarked graves in a cemetery near 
the University campus on University ground. 

Immediately after the Civil War the halls of the University were 
filled with a class of students never before seen in any American 
college. They were the son3 of parents who had been wealthy bnt 
whose wealth had been entirely swept away by the Civil War. Per- 
haps half of these young men had served in the Confederate Army. 
With such preparation for, college as these circumstances suggest, 
they came with possibly as little of scholastic attainments as those 
students who entered in 1848; but they came with a determination 
born of necessity. The efforts put forth and the Influence felt while 
here resulted in the development of a type of manly character and 



STATE INSTITUTIONS 611 

power which cannot be equalled by the records of any other American 
college. A study of the lifework of this group of students fully veri- 
fies this strong statement as fact. 

It was during these trying days of "reconstruction" when the in- 
stitution was, for several years, in great straits that the Chancellor of 
the University, in an "Open Letter" of September, 1870, stated that 
he and his colleagues would resign before they would matriculate 
negro students. This, combined with other forces, "saved the Univer- 
sity." 

Throughout all its history, the University, as with similar institu- 
tions generally, has had an atmosphere, a spirit, a life, all its own. 
It has ever been, and it is today, not so much a factory as it is a 
field, and not so much a field as it is a force. It is not a place where 
machinery works with dead material, turning out lifeless forms as 
paying products but rather a place where living beings are in process 
of growth and development, where mental and moral forces are mould- 
ing character and shaping destinies, both of individuals and states. 

Dating from the opening in 1848, the oldest division of the Univer- 
sity as at present organized is the College of Liberal Arts, formerly 
known as The Department of Literature, Science and Art, or the 
Academic Department. During the early years of its history it was 
the University and, for more than half a century from its establish- 
ment in 1848, it stood alone, save for the Law Department founded 
in 1854. From it, as a center, radiate influences that vitally and 
powerfully affect the professional schools associated with it and, both 
directly and indirectly, the welfare of the entire State from which it 
draws its students and into which it sends its graduates. It Is the 
heart of the institution and Its pulse-beat Is felt throughout every mem- 
ber imparting larger life and lasting vigor. This source of energy and 
vitality must be kept strong and unimpaired. Or, to change the figure. 
the foundation must be secure, laid broad and deep, that the super- 
structure may be builded with reasonable prospect of permanence 
and stability. 

The Professional Schools of Law, Engineering, Medicine, Education, 
and Pharmacy, are quick to acknowledge their indebtedness to the 
College and their dependence upon it for much of their best material, 
the superior quality of their own products being due, in large measure, 
to the training received in the older Departments of the Arts and 
Sciences. 

In fitting men and women for lives of useful service, as lawyers, 
doctors, engineers, teachers, and pharmacists, the University does not 
forget that these workers in the various fields of human endeavor are 
not only better prepared for their professional studies by courses in 
the College of Liberal Arts, but also that they are thus far more ade- 
quately equipped for their life work as they mingle with their fellow 





















' 



612 STATE INSTITUTIONS 

men. The curriculum of the College is intended to broaden sympa- 
thies, widen horizons, deepen the foundations of character, strengthen 
manhood and womanhood, — in a word, to furnish and equip for in- 
telligent and contented citizenship. It seeks to develop the ability to 
think clearly, honestly, connectedly, logically, deeply, and, through 
its thinkers, to handle the industrial, social, political, and religious 
problems which have to do with good citizenship. It would thus fit 
young men and women for safe and wise leadership in whatever com- 
munities their lots may be cast and, in this way, it would make its 
contribution to the State and Nation. 

The College ever seeks to keep alive the truth that the hidden, the 
invisible, the silent, the spiritual, forces ultimately and surely shape 
and determine things visible and material. It teaches, as does all 
experience as well, that applied science must wait upon pure science; 
that the chemical, physical, and biological laboratories must labori- 
ously train students in principles and processes if they are to success- 
fully use these in professional studies or in practice; that strong 
courses in pure mathematics must form the back-bone of any first- 
class course in Engineering, — civil, electrical, mechanical, or mining, 
to say nothing of the same need in that branch of Military Science so 
supremely important today, gunnery and artillery; that some knowl- 
edge of the history and language of other peoples, not only give one a 
broader and more sympathetic outlook; a truer insight into the past, 
but enables him more correctly to interpret the present and to pene- 
trate the future; that the study of mental, moral, economic, and political 
sciences, philosophy and literature, is a potent factor in moulding 
men with Ideas and ideals, of making patriotic citizens and constructive 
statesmen. 

Such are some of the aims of the College of Liberal Arts. The State 
will always need men with the kind of training which the University 
supplies and the College of Arts and Sciences will, to a very great ex- 
tent, determine the tone, colour, character, and individuality, of the 
University as a whole. Accordingly, it is confidently believed that the 
University's College of Liberal Arts is one of the State's greatest 
servants in building up and perpetuating all that is really worth 
while. Its province is to lead rather than to follow, and to serve 
rather than to rule. But in order to serve best, it must be most free — 
free to expand, to develop, to grow, to see visions, to breathe a clear, 
pure atmosphere, freed from the suffocating smoke of commercialism, 
and to live a life which, while in close and sympathetic touch with 
every interest of the State, is yet untouched by the mercenary spirit 
of the utilitarian extremist. Unhampered thus, It will prove more 
and more an invaluable power for the amelioration of unhappy con- 
ditions and a mighty force for the uplifting of all people. 



STATE INSTITUTIONS 613 

While in the original plan of the University the establishment of a 
course in Governmental Science and Law was provided for, six years 
elapsed before, in 1854, a law department was organized. The Roster 
of the Graduates of the Law School is long and interesting and their 
record of achievements is a highly honorable one. 

In 1872 the policy of separate departments with optional studies, 
and with undergraduate courses leading to academic degrees besides 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts, was adopted in place of the close 
curriculum. 

The requirements for the B. A. and the B. S. degrees have been 
modified from time to time with a view of keeping in touch with the 
general trend of the educational world. They are very much the same 
as those in the leading American universities. The scheme for gradu- 
ation as published in the current catalogue of the University, embrac- 
ing "prescribed studies," "group electives," and "free electives," is in 
all essential features strikingly like the plan followed in some of the 
older and larger state universities. While the content of the degree 
has been greatly changed, some requirements having been dropped 
and others added, there has been no "letting down of bars" or lower- 
ing of standards. 

The plan of combining collegiate with professional and technical 
courses is well night universal. Nearly every University of any 
standing in the United States allows such work to count towards the 
B. A. and B. S. degrees. The College of Liberal Arts has accorded 
cordial, though tardy and somewhat reluctant, recognition to the pro- 
fessional schools with the result that combined courses are now in 
successful operation in all quarters. The combination referred to is 
allowed with medicine, law, engineering, education, etc. It was a 
little more than a decade ago that this principle was adopted by the 
University of Mississippi. At that time the movement in the country 
at large had already passed the experimental stage. While there were 
then, as there are now, some very earnest protests against combina- 
tion courses, yet, there was, and there is, among state universities a 
decided preponderance of sentiment favorinsr the counting of pro- 
fessional and technical work toward college degrees. 

That the University of Mississippi, in its attitude toward these 
matters, is in the best of company, and that it has simply kept step 
with the onward march of progressive institutions in its steadfast 
endeavor to give the youth of Mississippi every possible advantage 
and to keep them abreast of the times, is already known to those 
who have informed themselves as to the facts of the case. 

In allowing two years of medicine to count towards a college degree 
the University of Mississippi stands in line with a very large number 
of the leading institutions of the land. It should be, noted in this 
connection that the student who takes his degree with two years of 



614 STATE INSTITUTIONS 

collegiate studies followed by two of medicine does at least 10% more 
work than is required of the purely academic student. And, too, the 
quality of the work does not suffer by comparison with that of any 
other college or department of the University. Such results are 
rendered possible by extensive and expensive laboratory equipment in 
the hands of scientifically trained specialists who make teaching a 
profession. It should be constantly borne in mind that medical educa- 
tion today, measured both quantitatively and qualitatively, is -vastly 
superior to that of a quarter of a century ago. 

By the act of March 5, 1880, the legislature of the state adjusted 
the indebtedness of the state to the University on account of the sale 
of the first township of land granted by Congress, said indebtedness 
being declared to be the sum of $544,061.22, on which sum interest at 
six per cent is paid. 

To this period belongs the great controversy of 1887 on the Endow- 
ment Act of 1880 in which discussion the Chancellor of the University 
made such a masterly argument that the settlement of the question 
at issue has remained unshaken. 

In the autumn of 1S82, the doors of the University were opened to 
women upon the same terms and conditions as to men. During the 
session 1916-17 eighty-one women were enrolled in the College of 
Liberal Arts. It is a pleasure to bear testimony to the earnestness, 
seriousness of purpose, high character, and success which characterize 
the women students as a body. 

In 1892 preparatory courses in the University were discontinued. 
Since that time the grade of educational work has been advanced fully 
one year, and the number of tona fide college students has increased 
from 176 to 601, as shown by the Tabulation accompanying this paper. 

The reasonably high standard of admission to the University has 
proven a great help to the secondary schools all over the State. By 
getting out of their way and declining to occupy the territory properly 
belonging to them, the University has offered opportunity and incentive 
for the building up of first-class local high schools. Hundreds of 
communities have thus received a blessing, the presence of a genuine 
high school being stimulating to its social and intellectual life in the 
highest decree. The plan benefits the University also for thereby it 
is enabled to cultivate more effectively its own field which is dis- 
tinct from that of the high school. Again, that large majority of 
boys and girls who can never go far from home for higher educational 
advantages are most vitally concerned with this matter. But for «the 
policy pursued by the University in having no preparatory department 
and in maintaining a high standard for admission, there would be 
relatively few communities in the State maintaining first-class high 
schools. Under the protection which this policy has afforded many 
schools have broadened their work, thus enlarging and enriching the 
courses which are open to the thousands who never go to college. The 



STATli INSTITUTIONS $15 

history of educational development in Mississippi, as elsewhere, shows 
that, in general, the institutions of higher learning provide the forces 
which elevate the standards of the lower schools. It is the University 
pulling more than the schools pushing that has lifted both to higher 
planes of service and usefulness. The hearty co-operation between 
the schools and the University and the appreciation which each has 
for the other's work promise greater and better things to come. The 
claim is confidently, definitely, and positively made, that the Univer- 
sity has served the best interests of the entire State by its effort to 
raise the standards of high school education. All classes and condi- 
tions have derived benefit in the way of vastly improved schools which 
would have been very slow in coming with a preparatory department 
at the University and a low standard of admission there. Today there 
are more than one hundred and forty schools in the State affiliated 
with the University and able to prepare students for Freshman classes. 

The University of Mississippi, in administering its system of entrance 
requirements, has carefully avoided every extreme. The position which 
it occupies on this question is a safe and sane middle-ground. While 
a few institutions, whose standing cannot be questioned, accept any 
subject that leads to graduation in an approved high school, the 
University of Mississippi prescribes three units in English, two and 
one-half in Mathematics, and two in History, allowing large lattitude 
and freedom in choosing the remaining six and one-half units. 

As progress has been made in developing and standardizing the new 
subjects which have been introduced into the high school, the Uni- 
versity has recognized their value and has agreed to accept them as 
meeting, in part, its entrance requirements. Vocational subjects are, 
at present, allowed to count to the extent of three units, this being 
in harmony with the custom now prevalent with state universities. 

In the fall of 1892, the Chancellor and Faculty of the University be- 
gan arranging for Summer Schools. The following summer this work 
was inaugurated and has been repeated every summer, save one, and 
with ever increasing thoroughness and enlargement of the courses 
offered. 

The authorities of the University are interested in every means 
that tends to stimulate any to seek a higher education. They fully 
realize the responsibilities that attach to the University as the Head 
of the Educational System of the State, and while continually improv- 
ing and urging the importance of its great work, in its establish 3d 
curriculum, during the regular session, they desire to extend in every 
practicable way the influence and stimulus that may come from con- 
tact with the forces of education provided at the University. 

In 1894, by the act of Congress of June 20, the University received 
an addition to its endowment in the form of a second township of 



616 STATE INSTITUTIONS 

land. The institution has received occasional appropriations from the 
state for the maintenance of its buildings, the grant of land by Con- 
gress being intended for current expenses of the institution. 

Between 1895 and 1900 the University introduced systems of water- 
works and sewerage and installed a steam heat and electric light 
plant. At that time and in this section the improvements thus ac- 
complished, meant pioneer work on the part of the Chancellor. 

November 6th-8th, 1898, the Semi-Centennial Anniversary of the 
University was appropriately observed. 

On March 23, 1900, the state treasurer gave credit to the University 
for the sum of $134,688.24, being the proceeds of the sale by the trus- 
tees of the University of Mississippi made on the 10th of March, 1900, 
of the timber on 16,833.53 acres of land, a part of the grant of 23,040 
acres of land made by Congress in the act of July 20, 1894. This fund 
is known as the 1894 land grant fund. To it was added, October 10, 
1905, the sum of $20,405.00 from the sale of timber on other parts of 
the township. 

In 1900 the Fanny J. Ricks Summer Term of the University began 
a much-needed work for those who cannot attend the regular session. 
This work was maintained in the summer of 1900, 1901, 1902, and 1903, 
through the liberality of Mrs. Ricks. Her generosity secured addi- 
tional funds for 1903 which greatly enlarged the work in scope and 
usefulness. 

The six weeks Summer School is now a regular term at the Uni- 
versity. 

The School of Engineering w T as organized in 1900 and has been in 
continuous operation ever since. Engineering courses were first in- 
troduced into the University just after the Civil War. After one de- 
cade they were discontinued. 

This School, as now organized, looks upon Engineering as preemi- 
nently a profession of progress, as essentially constructive, standing 
for useful service on a large scale. The University rejoices in the 
privilege of training young men of the State for the profession of 
civil engineering and of rendering whatever other service in the fields 
of engineering activity may be in its power. Institutions of learning 
-in general, state universities in particular, through the experimental 
and research work of their laboratories are coming more and more to 
cooperate heartily and enthusiastically with the inaustrial world. 
They are losing their aloofness and making more sympathetic and 
closer contact with the great throbbing life about them. 

The School of Civil Engineering offers to the people of the State 
every facility which it possesses for testing road-making materials, ce- 
ments, concrete, metals, stones, and timbers. It is well equipped with 



STATE INSTITUTIONS 617 

such machines as are needed for making these tests in a thoroughly 
satisfactory manner. The entire outfit is for use, not display, and it 
is used constantly with students. 

Engineering graduates of the University quickly secure attractive 
positions. Many are placed before graduation and the majority even 
of Freshmen and Sophomores find steady employment during the sum- 
mer vacations. 

In 1908, Schools of Education and Medicine were added. For six 
years, only the first half of a regular four-year course in medicine was 
offered. During the session of 1910-11, the work of the last two years 
was given at Vicksburg in connection with the state charity hospital 
of that place. The work at Vicksburg was discontinued after one year; 
and the University reverted to the plan of giving only the first two 
years of the medical course. 

The Medical School of the University of Mississippi is classed as an 
"A" school by the American Medical Association, and is a member of 
the Association of American Medical Colleges. 

The students who have completed the two-years course in the Uni- 
versity have obtained advanced standing without examination in in- 
stitutions of the highest grade. 

Of the large number who have completed the two-years medical 
course, only three have failed on examinations before any state licens- 
ing board. This covers a period of twelve years. There were fourteen 
students completing the two-year course in June 1911. These gradu- 
ated in medicine in other schools in June 1913. Of this number twelve 
secured excellent hospital appointments on a competitive basis. This 
is illustrative of the standing of the students. 

In November, 1909, the Medical School of the University of Missis- 
sippi was inspected by the official representative of the Carnegie Foun- 
dation for the advancement of medical training. Dr. Abraham Flex- 
ner who made the inspection of the department, stated in his report 
that the "Medical School at Oxford is distinctly creditable," and he 
stated further, that. "It would be fortunate, indeed, if henceforth the 
members of the medical profession of Mississippi would get their first 
two years at Oxford." 

The School of Pharmacy was organized in 1908. 

During its comparatively brief existence it has sent out a goodly 
number of well-trained Pharmacists. 

In 1902 the legislature appropriated the sum of $93,700 for various 
improvements, $24,000 of this being for current expenses. This fund 
enabled the University to enlarge its facilities greatly; with it were 
constructed substantial additions to the public buildings and a com- 
modious dormitory for women students. 



618 STATE INSTITUTIONS 

In 1910, by action of the Board of Trustees, Fraternities in the Uni- 
versity were abolished and in 1912 the State Legislature passed the 
Anti-Fraternity Bill. 

In the past ten years special appropriations have added to the equip- 
ment of the University. Science Hall was erected in 190*i-7; Gordon 
Hall in 1908-09; the library building, partly the gift of Mr. Andrew 
Carnegie, was constructed in 1910-11; and the George Peabody Hall, 
the erection of which was largely provided for by the trustees of the 
Peabody fund, was built in 1912-13. 

While it is not possible in a paragraph to make further mention of 
the outstanding events in the University's history, yet several eras are 
so marked by unusual progress and development that special reference 
to them is proper. The first of these, covering a period of about five 
years, immediately preceding the Civil War, was characterized by a 
broadening of the curriculum, the erection of the Observatory Build- 
ing, very large and costly additions to the equipment of all the scien- 
tific departments, and a general expansion and improvement both phys- 
ical and intellectual. The next era which no faithful historian can 
ever overlook began in 1892 and extended through some fifteen years. 
During that time preparatory classes were abolished and high schools 
throughout the state grew in numbers and in strength; the Summer 
School was introduced and nourished; the School of Law was ex- 
panded, Schools of Engineering, Medicine and Education were added 
with a corresponding increase in the corps of instructors and the num- 
bers of students; a township of valuable pine land was secured from 
Congress; water- works, sewerage, electric lights and steam heat, were 
introduced; Ricks Halls, the large additions to the Lyceum, Science 
Hall, the Hospital, the original Power House, and four residences for 
Professors belong to this period, the University having obtained and 
expended within this time on buildings and equipment nearly two 
hundred thousand dollars, which about doubled the value of the ma- 
terial equipment. This remarkable widening of scholastic opportuni- 
ties, this expansion into a University with professional schools, this 
large increase in endowment, in buildings, equipment, faculty and stu- 
dents, all together gave the University still higher rank and standing, 
causing it to command the respect of other institutions throughout 
the country. The last era to which reference will be made extended 
through another period of approximately five years from 1908 to 1913. 
This was a time of marked material development. To it belong Gor- 
don Hall, the Library, George Peabody Hall, the new Power House 
and Plant, and the concrete walks, all of which added greatly to the 
beauty of the campus and the comfort of the faculty and students. . 

But all this growth and development are preliminary, leading up to 
the threshold of a still brighter day of larger and broader usefulness. 

Wvprv affnrt ia rvnw h^insr maHp tn hrine' thp TIniversitV and the People Of 



STATE INSTITUTIONS 619 

the State in closest possible contact, to make the institution a public ser- 
vant in the highest and best sense, and to democratize higher education 
as far as may be. Expenses have been much reduced, additional living 
quarters have been provided to meet the demands of a greatly in- 
creased enrollment. The number of students reached a maximum in 
1916 being 601. There is at present, a prevailing spirit of harmony, 
a feeling of confidence, and, except for the war, a bright outlook. 
Many students and graduates of this and other years are now in the 
Officers' Training Camps, the Army and the Navy. The University is 
offering all its resources, both men and equipment, to the Nation. 

The Historical Catalogue of the University, published in 1910, con- 
tains biographical sketches of its Presidents and Chancellors, a regis- 
ter of all trustees, professors, and students, historical sketches of the 
Departments and Schools, etc. Those desiring fuller information 
about the University than is found in this article may consult the 
volume referred to, a copy of which will be sent upon, application. 

The number of individual students who have attended the Univers- 
ity during the regular sessions (excluding the summer terms) is 
more than eight thousand. 

The following table will prove of interest as it contains many facts 
both suggestive and valuable: 



620 



STATE INSTITUTIONS 





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STATE INSTITUTIONS 



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622 STATE INSTITUTIONS 



TABLE 



The following have served as the chief executive officers of the Uni- 
versity under the titles and for the periods indicated: 

President — George Frederick Holmes, LL. D 184&-1849 

President — Augustus B. Longstreet, LL. D., D. D... 1849-1856 

President — Frederick A. P. Barnard, LL. D., D. D 1856-1859 

Chancellor— Fred. A. P. Barnard, LL. D., D. D 1859-1861 

Chancellor — John Newton Waddell, LL. D., D. D 1865-1874 

Chancellor — Gen. Alexander P. Stewart 1874-1886 

Chairman of Faculty — Edw. Mayes, LL. D., F. S. C 1886-1889 

*C7iomce*lor— Edward Mayes, LL. D., F. S. C 1889-1891 

Vice-Chancellor— Robert Burwell Fulton, A. M . 1892-1892 

Chancellor— Robt. Burwell Fulton, A. M., LL. D 1892-1906 

Vice-Chancellor— Alfred Hume, C. E., D. Sc 1906-1907 

Chancellor — Andrew A. Kincannon, LL. D 1907-1914 

Chancellor — Joseph Neely Powers, LL. D 1914- 



The present organization of the University follows: 

Board of Trustees. 

Governor Theo. G. Bilbo, ex-officio President Jackson 

Hon. W. F. Bond, State Superintendent, ex-officio Jackson 

Hon. Robert Powell (1912-1918) Jackson 

Hon. J. W. Cutler (1912-1918) Clarksdale 

Hon. T. B. Franklin (1912-1918) .Columbus 

Hon. O. F. Lawrence (1914-1920), Secretary Grenada 

Hon. E. L. Brien (1914-1920) Vicksburg 

Hon. J. R. Tipton (1916-1920; Hernando 

Hon. W. C. Trotter (1916-1922) Winona 

Hon. J. S. Howerton (1916-1922) Guntown 



•Chancellor Mayes resigned January 1st, 1892. 



























































* 



STATE INSTITUTIONS 623 

OFFICERS OF INSTRUCTION AND ADMINISTRATION 

Joseph Neely Powers, M. A., LL. D., Chancellor. 

Alfbed Hume, C. E., D. Sc, LL. D., V ice-Chancellor, Dean of the Col- 
lege of Liberal Arts, Professor of Mathematics. B. E., Vanderbilt 
University 1887; C. E., 1888; D. Sc, 1890: LL. D.. Mississippi Col- 
lege, 1916; Fellow and Assistant in Civil Engineering, Vanderbilt 
University, 1SS7-90; Professor of Mathematics, University of Mis- 
sissippi, since 1890; Acting Professor of Civil Engineering, Uni- 
versity of Mississippi, 1909-02; Vice-Chancellor and Dean of the 
College of Liberal Arts, University of Mississippi, since 1905; Pro- 
fessor of Astronomy and Acting Chancellor, session 1906-07. 

Alexander Lee Bondurant, A. B., M. A., Professor of Latin Language 
and Literature. A. B., Hampden-Sidney College, 1884; A. M. fib.) 
1892; Instructor in Latin and Greek, Round Rock Institute, Texas, 
1885-87; graduate student, Latin and Greek, University of Texas. 
1886-87; graduate student, University of Virginia, 1887-89 (holder 
of Carey scholarship) ; Assistant and Associate Professor of Latin 
and Greek, University of Mississippi, 1889 — 91; Profesor of Latin 
and Greek, 1894; Professor of Latin since 1895; graduate student, 
Harvard University, 1892-93; holder of Morgan fellowship, A. M. 
(Harvard); student University of Pennsylvania, 1896 (summer); 
Munich and Rome, 1905 (summer); Berlin, 1907 (summer); re- 
search work in Berlin University and in Italy, 1910-11. 

Waller S. Leathers, M. D., Dean of Medical School, Professor of Biol- 
ogy and Histology. A. M., Schools of Biology, Chemistry, and 
Geology, University of Virginia, 1891; M. D., 1894; graduate stu- 
dent, Johns Hopkins, 1895; University of Chicago, 1897, 1900, 1901, 
1903, 1907 (summers); New York Marine Biological Laboratory, 
1896 (summer); U. S. Marine Biological Laboratory, 1898 (sum- 
mer); Member of Rocky Mountain Scientific Expedition, 1898; 
studied in Harvard University, 1905, 1906 (summers); studied in 
Hospitals of Chicago, 1904 (summer); graduate student, hospitals 
of New York City (summer), 1908; Instructor in Biology, Univers- 
ity of Virginia, 1894; Assistant Professor of Biology and Geology, 
University of Mississippi, 1594-95; Head oi tne Department oi sci- 
ence, Miller School, Virginia, 1895-96; Professor or Bioiogy and Ge- 
ology, University of South Carolina, 1896-98; Professor of Biology 
and Geology, University of Mississippi 1898-1905; Professor of Bi- 
ology and Physiology, University of Mississippi, 1905-16; Profes- 
sor of Biology and Histology, University of Mississippi, since 1916. 

Peter W. Rowland, M. D., Professor of Pharmacology. M. D., Memphis 
Hospital Medical College, 1882; New York Polyclinic, 1887; special 
work in Physical Diagnosis, Northwestern Dispensary, New York, 
1S87; President Mississippi State Medical Association, 1894; stu- 



624 STATE INSTITUTIONS 

dent in hospitals of Philadelphia, 1S96; Member State Board of 
Health, Second Congressional District, 1900; Member State Board 
of Health, state-at-large, 1904-1908; student in Department ot 
Pharmacology, University of Chicago, 1908 (summer); Professor 
of Materia Medica and Pharmacology, University of Mississippi, 
since 1903. 

David Horace Bishop, M. A., Professor of English Language and Liter- 
ature. A. B., Emory and Henry. 1891; M. A., Vanderbilt Univers- 
ity, 1897; Instructor in Vanderbilt University, 1897-99; Professor 
of English Millsaps College, 1900-04; Professor of English and 
Rhetoric and Belles-Letters, University of Mississippi, 1904-1905; 
Professor of the English Language and Literature,. University of 
Mississippi, since 1905. 

Calvin S. Brown, M. S., D. Sc., Ph. D., Professor of Modem Languages 
and Literatures. B. S., Vanderbilt University, 1888; M. S., the 
same, 1891; D. Sc, the same, 1892; Assistant in French and Eng- 
lish, the same, 1892-93; Acting Assistant Professor of English, 
University of Missouri, 1893-94; student at Universities of Paris 
and Leipzig, 1894-95; Instructor in English, Vanderbilt Univers- 
ity, 1895-96; Instructor in English and Comparative Literature. 
University of Colorado, 1S98-1900; Ph. D., University of Colorado, 
1899; Acting Professor of Modern Languages, University of Mis- 
sissippi, 1902; Student in Spain, Italy, and Greece, 1903-04; Ger- 
many and France, 1913 (summer); Acting Assistant Professor of 
:•■•>•• Romance Languages, University of Missouri, 1904-05; University 
of Mississippi, since 1905. 

John H. Dorroh, B. E., C. E., Dean of Engineering School, Professor of 
Civil Engineering. B. E., Vanderbilt University, 1903; C. E., the 
same 1913; engaged in practice of Engineering. 1903-06; Assistant 
Professor of Civil and Municipal Engineering, University of Missis- 
sippi, 1906-08; Professor of Municipal and Sanitary Engineering, 
1908-12; Professor of Civil Engineering, since 1912; Dean since 
1915. 

Henry Minor Faser, Ph. G., Dean of the School of Pharmacy, Professor 
of Pharmacy. Ph. G., St. Louis College of Pharmacy, 1902: 
.Special work same, summer of 1908; Member of Mississippi State 
Board of Pharmaceutical Examiners, 1904-08; President of Board 
1912-16; engaged in retail drug business fourteen years; Acting 
Professor of Pharmacy, University of Mississippi, 1908-10; Profes- 
sor of Pharmacy, University of Mississippi, since 1910; Dean of 
the School, since 1914. 

James Warsaw Be'.l, B. P., M. A., Professor of Economics and Political 
Science. (On leave of absence at Columbia University, 1916-1911.) 
B. P., University of Mississippi, 1898; Principal of Schools. 1898- 
1903; Associate Professor of Pedagogy and High School Visitor, 



STATE INSTITUTIONS 625 

University of Mississippi, 1903-04; Professor of Mathematics, Mis- 
sissippi Industrial Institute and College, 1904-07; student, Uni- 
versity of Michigan, 1906 (summer) ; student, University of Chi- 
cago 1908, 1912 (summers); Student Columbia University, 1909- 
1910 (summers); University of Mississippi, since 1907; Dean of 
the Department of Education, 1910-1915. 

Winn David Hedleston, A. B., D. D., Professor of Philosophy and Eth- 
ics. A. B., University of Mississippi, 1883; D. D., Central Univers- 
ity of Kentucky, 1902; Acting Professor of Philosophy and Ethics, 
University of Mississippi, 1909-10; Professor of Philosophy and 
Ethics, University of Mississippi, since 1910. 

John Clayton Fant, A. M., Ph. D., Dean of the School of Education, 
Profesor of Secondary Education. A. B., Emory and Henry Col- 
lege, Virginia, 1889; A. M., the same; Pd. M., New York Univers- .. 
ity, 1895; President Mississippi State Teachers' Association, 1900; 
A. M., University of Mississippi, 1912; Ph. D., New York Univers- 
ity, 1913; Principal Public School Newton, Miss., 1889-1893; Sup- 
erintendent of Schools, Water Va'.ley, Miss., 1895-1896; Superin- 
tendent of Schools, Meridian, Miss., 1896-1910; Professor of Sec- 
ondary Education, University of Mississippi, since 1910. Dean of 
School of Education, since 1915. 

Alfred William Milden, B. A., Ph. D., Professor of Greek Language 
and Literature. B. A., University of Toronto, 1888; Instructor in 
Greek and Latin, Barrie Collegiate Institute, Ontario, 1889-1896; 
graduate student in Johns Hopkins University, 1896-1900; Fel- 
low in Greek, Johns Hopkins University, 1898-1899; Ph. D„ the 
same, 1899; Professor of Greek and Latin, Emory and Henry Col- 
lege, 1900-1910; Professor of Greek, University of Mississippi, 
since 1910. 

Leonard Jerome Farley, B. S., LL. D. Dean of the Law School, Pro- 
fessor of Law. B. S., University of Mississippi, 1884; Professor of 
Law, University of Mississippi, since 1910; LL. D., Mississippi 
College, 1913; Dean of Law School, since 1913. 

William Lee Kennon, M. S., Ph. D., Professor of Physics and Astron- 
. omy. B\ S., Mil. saps College, Mississippi, 1900; M. S., 1901; Pro- 
fessor of Chemistry and Physics, Kentucky Wesleyan College, 
1901-03; student in Johns Hopkins University, 1903-06; Univers- 
ity Scholar 1904-05; Fellow in Chemistry, 1905-06; Ph. D., 1906; 
Instructor in Williams College, Massachusetts, 1906-09; Assistant 
Professor of Chemistry, University of Mississippi, 1909-1912; Act- 
ing Professor of Physics and Astronomy, 1911-12; Professor of 
Physics and Astronomy, since 1912. 
Duke McDonald Kimbrough, A. B., LL. B., Professor of Law. A. B., 
University of Mississippi, 1896; LL. B., the same 1899; Professor 
of Law, University of Mississippi, since 1913. 

40 — m. 



626 STATE INSTITUTIONS 

James Edward Winston, B. A., M. A., Ph. D., Professor of History. B. 
A., University of Virginia, 1900; M. A., the same, 1901; M. A., Har- 
vard University, 1905; Ph. D., University of Pennsylvania, 1914; 
Instructor in History, University of Kentucky, 1902-04; Instructor 
in History, University of Texas, 1907-08; Instructor in History, 
Politics,, and Economics, Princeton University, 1911-13; Instruc- 
tor in History and Politics, the same, 1913-14; Professor of His* 
tory, University of Mississippi, since 1914. 

Johu Nesbit Swan, A. M., Ph. D., Professor of Chemistry. A. B., West- 
minister College, Pennsylvania, 1886; A. M., the same, 1889; Pro- 
fessor of Chemistry iu Westminister College, Pennsylvania, 1889- 
91; Ph. D., Johns Hopkins, 1S93; Professor of Chemistry in Mon- 
mouth College, 1893-1915; Acting Professor of Chemistry in Uni- 

* versity of Mississippi, 1912-13; Professor of Chemistry, the same, 
since 1915. 

Billy Sylvester Guyton, M. A., M. D., Professor of Pathology and Bac- 
teriology. B. S., Mississippi College, 1908; B. S., University of 
Mississippi, 1910; M. A., the same, 1911; Student Assistant in His- 
tology, University of Mississippi, 1910-11; M. D., University of 
Virginia, 1913; Interne in Martha Jefferson Sanatorium, Char- 
lottesville, Virginia, 1912-13; Interne in Orange Memorial Hos- 
pital, Orange, New Jersey, 1913-14; General Practice of Medicine, 
Ingomar, Mississippi, 1914-15; Professor of Pathology and Bac- 
teriology, University of Mississippi, since 1915. 

Roswell W. Rogers, B. S., A. M., Professor of Education. B. S., Poly- 
technic College, Fort Worth, 1906; student University of Texas, 
1907 (summer); A. M., University of Chicago, 1911; Instructor in 
Mathematics and Physics, Goodnight College, Texas, 1902-1903; 
Instructor in Mathematics, Polytechnic College, 1905-1907; Prin- 
cipal of High School, Hillsboro, Texas, 1907-1912; President of 
John Tarleton College, 1912-1913; Associate Professor of Educa- 
tion, University of Mississippi, 1913-15; Professor of Education, 
University of Mississippi, since 1915. 

Donald Fraser McLeod, C. E., Professor of Municipal Engineering. C. 
E., Cornell University, 1897: Professor of Mathematics and Civil 
Engineering, Clarkson College of Technology, 1906-1907; Profes- 
sor of Civil Engineering, the same, 1907-1908; practice of Engin- 
eering, 1908-1915; Assistant Professor of Civil Engineering, Uni- 
veristy of Mississippi, 1915 to Jan. 1917; Professor of Municipal 
Engineering, University of Mississippi, since Jan. 1917. 

Joseph Otterbein Crider, M. D., Professor of Physiology. M. D., Uni- 
versity of Virginia, 1912; Assistant in Physiology, the same 1911- 
12; Instructor in Physiology, the same, 1912-13; Associate Profes- 



STATE INSTITUTIONS 627 

sor of Physiology and Histology, University of Mississippi, from 
1913-16; Professor of Physiology, University of Mississippi, since 
1916. 

Charles F. DeGaris, A. B., M. D., Professor of Anatomy. {Absent on 
leave.) M. D., Washington University, 1912; Interne, St. Louis 
City Hospital, 1912-13; Resident Pathologist, St. Louis City Hospi- 
tal, 1913; Assistant in Anatomy, University of Wisconsin, 1913- 
15; B. A., University of Wisconsin, 1915; Instructor in Anatomy, 
the same, 1915-16; Professor of Anatomy, University of Mississippi, 
since 1916. 

Charles Harry Chase, B. S., Acting Professor of Economics. B. S., 

• Columbia University, 1913; student, the same 1913-16; student in 

France, Italy, and Switzerland, portions of 1913 and 1914; Lecturer 

in Economics, Extension Department, Columbia University, 1916; 

Acting Professor of Economics, University of Mississippi, 1916-17. 

Byron L. Robinson, A. B., Acting Professor of Anatomy. A. B., Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin, 1914; Student Assistant in Zoology, the 
same, 1913-14; Assistant in Biology Marquette Medical School, 
1914-15; Assistant in Anatomy, 1915-16; Acting Professor of Anat- 
' omy, University of Mississippi, 1916-17. 

Robert Torrey, B. P., Associate Professor of Mathematics. {On leave 
of absence at the University, of Chicago, 1916-17.) B. P., Univer- 
sity of Mississippi, 1910; Superintendent of Schools, Yazoo City, 
Mississippi, 1895-1905; High School Visitor, University of Miss- 
issippi, 1905-06; Superintendent of Schools, Canton, Misisssippi, 
1906-07; Superintendent of Schools, Jackson, Miss., 1907-08; stu- 
dent Columbia University 1909 (summer) ; University of Chicago, 
1910, 1912 (summer); Professor of Pedagogy, University of Miss- 
issippi, 1908-10; Associate Professor of Mathematics, since 1910. 

Christopher Longest, B. A., Ph. D., Associate Professor of Latin. B. A., 
University of Mississippi, 1900; Ph. D., University of Chicago, 
1915; Teacher of English in the Philippine Islands, 1901-04; In- 
structor in English in Johns Hopkins University, 1904-05; student 
in Johns Hopkins University, 1904-08; student, University of 
Chicago, 1908, 1909, 1911 (summers; ; Assistant Professor of Latin, 
University of Mississippi, 1908-1910; Associate Professor since 
1910. 

Frederick Lee Hisaw, A. B., A. M., Associate Professor of Biology. 
A. B., University of Missouri, 1914; B. S. in Education and A. M., 
the same, 1916; Friday Harbor Marine Biological Laboratory, 
1913 (summer) ; Colorado Mountain Biological Laboratory, 1914, 
1915 (summers) ; Assistant in Zoology, University of Missouri, 
1914-16; Associate Professor of Biology, University of Mississippi, 
since 1916. 



























< 



628 STATE INSTITUTIONS 

James Tarpley Spann, B. S., Acting Associate Professor of Mathematics. 
B. S., University of Mississippi, 1910; Assistant in Mathematics, 
University of Mississippi, 1908-11; University of Chicago, 1910, 
1913 (summers); State High School work; Acting Associate Pro- 
fessor of Mathematics, University of Mississippi, 1916-17. 

John C. Culley, A. B., M. D., Assistant Professor of Minor Surgery and 
Physical Diagnosis. A. B., Southwestern Presbyterian University, 
1906; M. D., Vanderbilt University, 1909; Assistant Professor, Uni- 
versity of Mississippi, since 1912. 

Edward Jones Erwin, B. A., M. A., Assistant Professor of English. 

A. B., Davidson College, 1906; A. M., the same, 1907; Instructor 
McCallie School, Chattanooga, Tennessee, 1907-1909; student 
Columbia University, 1910-1912; Instructor DeWitt Clinton High 
School, New York, 1912-1911; Assistant Professor of English, 
University of Mississippi, since 1914. 

Harry Meredith Bryan, LL. B., Assistant Professor .of Law. LL. B., 
University of Mississippi, 1916; Assistant Professor of Law, Uni- 
versity of Misisssippi, since 1916. 

Milton Saxon Cushman, A. B., A. M., Assistant Professor of History. 
, A. B., Tulane University, 1910; A. M., the same, 1914; student, 
University of Chicago, 1911, 1913 (summers), 1914 (spring); Act- 
ing Professor of English and Assistant in Social Sciences, Mc- 
Kendres College, 1914-15; Instructor in History and Economics, 
Stanford College, 1915-16; University of Misisssippi, since 1916. 

Guy Haines Woollett, B. S., M. S., Assistant Professor of Chemistry. 

B. S., University of Minnesota, 1910; M. S.., the same, 1916; 
Teacher of Science, High Schools, 1910-14; University of Missis- 
sippi, since 1916. 

Claude Clayton Kiplinger, A. B., Assistant Professor of Chemistry. 
A. B., Western Reserve University, 1910; Teacher of Physics and 
Chemistry, Lincoln, 111., High School, 1910-13; Instructor in Chem- 
istry and graduate student, Iowa State College, 1913-16; University 
of Mississippi, since 1916. 

Lester A. Twigg, A. B., Assistant Professor of Oratory. A. B., West- 
ern Maryland College, 1S1C; University of Mississippi, since 1916. 



Instructors, Lecturers, and Other Officers. 

Daniel Lycurgus Ross, B. S., LL. B., Secretary. L .B., University of 
Mississippi, 1907; Secretary University of Mississippi, since 1904. 

Miss Margaret Roudebush, B. K.JDean of Women. Instructor in Home 
Economics. 



STATE INSTITUTIONS 629 

Raymer W. Tinsley, B. A., M. A., Instructor in Modern Languages. 
B. A., University of Kentucky, 1912; Europe, 1912, 1914 (sum- 
mers); M. A., University of Illinois, 1915; Instructor in Modern 
Languages, University of Mississippi, since 1915. 

Alexander H. Schutz, Ph. B., Instructor in Modern Languages. Ph. B., 
University of Chicago, 1915; graduate student, the same, 1915; 
Instructor in Modern Languages, University of Mississippi, since 
1915. 

William Arthur Darden, A. B., A. M., Instructor in English. A. B., 
University of North Carolina, 1910; A. M., Columbia University, 
1912; student at Columbia University, 1911-1914; Teacher in 
Boys' High School, Brooklyn, 1914-1915; Instructor in English, 
University of Mississippi, since 1915. 

Miss Alice Mayes, Librarian. 

Clarke Milton Cleveland, Herman Jesse Bankston, Jr., Student Assist- 
ants in Physics. 

George Clyde McKinstry, Thomas Hadden Swan, Student Assistants in 
Chemistry. 

Irvin William Barrett, Charles H. Kirkpatrick, Jr., Student Assistants 
in Anatomy. 

James O. Lowe, Student Assistant in Bacteriology and Pathology. 

Roy G. Grant, Student Assistant in Physiology and Histology. 

Mrs. Charles Fitzgerald, Matron of the Hospital. 

Miss Minnie Brady, Hospital Nurse. 

E. T. Block, Superintendent of Power Plant. 

John DeWitt Furr, B. S., M. A., Assistant Superintendent of Power 
Plant. 

Ray H. Legate, B. S., M. A., Secretary of Y. M. C. A. B. S., University 
of Arkansas, 1905; Secretary of Y. M. C. A., Clemson College, 1905- 
1908; M. A., Yale University, 1910; Secretary of Y. M. C. A., Van- 
derbilt University, 1910-1914; with International Committee of 
Y. M. C. A., 1914-15; University of Mississippi since 1915. 

Fred A. Robins, Director of Athletics. Assistant Coach of foot-ball 
team, Vanderbilt University, 1913; Director of Athletics and 
Coach of Athletic teams, Mercer University, 1914-1913; University 
of Mississippi, since 1915. 

Miss Mary Betsy Maltby, Secretary to the Chancellor. 

Frank Matthews, Secretary to the Secretary. . 

Kathleen Baldwin, B. S., Assistant Secretary to the Chancellor. 



Emterttus Professors. 

Richard Marion Leavell, M. A., LL. D.. Emeritus Professor of Mental 
and Moral Philosophy, of Logic, and of Political Economy. _A. B., 
University of Mississippi, 1859; LL. D., Mississippi College, 1890; 



630 STATE INSTITUTIONS 

Principal of Verona Male Academy, 1865-1870; Professor of Eng- 
lish Language and Literature, Mississippi College, 1882-1889; Pro- 
fessor of English and Belles-Lettres, University of Mississippi, 
1889-1890; Professor of Philosophy and Political Economy, Uni- 
versity of Mississippi, 1S90-1900; Emeritus Professor, since 1909. 

John Greer Deupree, M. A., LL. D., Emeritus Professor of Greek Lan- 
guage and Literature. B. A., and M. A., of Howard College, Ala- 
bama; LL. D., of the S. W. B. U., Tennessee; Professor in Waco, 
Texas, University, 1877-1878; President of Okolona Female College, 
1878-1882; Professor in Mississippi College, 1882-1883; Professor in 
S. W. B. U., 1883_1884; Professor in Mississippi College, 1884- 
1895; Superintendent of Meridian, Miss., Schools, 1895-1896; Pro- 
fessor of Pedagogy, University of Mississippi, 1896-1905; Professor 
of Greek, University of Mississippi, 1905-1910; Emeritus Profes- 
sor, since 1910. 

Thomas Hugh Somerville, LL. B., LL. D., Emeritus Dean of Law De- 
partment. LL B., Washington and Lee University, 1872; LL. D., 
the same, 1900; Professor of Law, University of Mississippi, 1897- 
1913; Dean of Department, 1906-1913; Professor of Medical Juris- 
prudence, 1903-1913; Emeritus Dean, since 1913. 



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STATE INSTITUTIONS 631 



MISSISSIPPI INDUSTRIAL INSTITUTE AND COLLEGE. . 



BY DABNEY LIPSCOMB, A. II., LL. D., MEMBER OF TnE FACULTY AND EX- 
TRUSTEE OF THE COLLEGE. 



First among the States to charter an institution for the higher edu- 
cation of young women, first to remove the common-law disabilities of 
married women, and first to establish and support an institution for 
the industrial and collegiate education of its daughters — such is in 
part what Mississippi proudly stands for in the great American Union. 
The education of their girls has always been a chief concern with Mis- 
sissippians, knowing that the home, the church, and the state are 
largely what women make them. The institutes and seminaries for 
girls before the war were about the same in numbers as the schools 
and academies for boys, and generally better equipped and as well 
taught. To Miss Sallie E. Reneau, of Grenada, Mississippi, is accorded 
the distinction of first proposing a State school for young women, with 
collegiate, normal, and fine arts departments, according to her me- 
morial, which Governor McRae in 1858 commended in his message to 
the favorable consideration of the Legislature. But political condi- 
tions were too unsettled, the future too uncertain for the State to 
found new institutions or expend its revenue for any other than nec- 
essary purposps. War soon came, and this, with all else that looked 
to the advancement of the State, was swept away before its awful 
blasts. 

Reconstruction followed and prolonged the wreck and gloom. But 
scarcely had its horrors ended when the hearts of the parents were 
turned again to the education of their children as the best and now 
generally the only provision they could make for their future. Changed 
conditions imperatively called for more varied and practical instruc- 
tion and training for the youth. In response to this demand the Agri- 
cultural and Mechanical College was chartered in 1878, and in 1880 be- 
gan its well known career of increasing popularity and usefulness. A 
Uniyersity and an Agricultural and Mechanical College for the boys 



632 STATE INSTITUTIONS 

and a college for the negroes, and nothing for the girls soon raised the 
question: Why not similar provision by the State for its daughters. 
The subject was vigorously discussed in the papers and otherwise 
earnestly advocated for several years by Mrs. Annie C. Peyton, of Co- 
piah County, Mrs. John C. Hastings, of Claiborne County, and other 
enthusiastic promoters of the enterprise, both men and women. Hon. 
John McC. Martin, of Port Gibson, introduced the bill which' passed 
March 12, 1884, incorporating the Mississippi Industrial Institute and 
College. The original bill was entitled: "An Act to create and estab- 
lish an Industrial Institute in the State of Mississippi, and a College 
for the education of white girls in the arts and sciences." Governor 
Robert Lowry, in his message to the Legislature that year, had pre- 
viously endorsed the movement. Col. W. H. McCardle and Dr. G. S. 
Roudebush were prominent among the men who warmly seconded the 
efforts of the patriotic women to secure a State institution for broader 
and higher education of Mississippi girls. 



Industrial Institute and College, Columbus. Miss. 

The offer of about $100,000 in grounds, buildings, and bonds by the 
city of Columbus secured for that place the location of the new col- 
lege, superseding the Columbus Female Institute, established in 1848. 
The buildings and grounds of this institute, it may be of interest to 
add, had in 1870 been formally tendered by its Board of Trustees to 
the Trustees of the University of Mississippi for use as a department 
of the State University for the education of women, indicating the de- 
mand very soon after the war for additional educational advantages 
for women. But Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College had not 
yet been founded, and the admission of negroes to the University then 
being pressed, not yet disposed of, rightly caused the Trustees to de- 
cline to complicate their problem more. 

To its first President, Dr. R. YS. Jones, Christian gentleman, scholar, 
and able educator, the arduous and complex task of construction, equip- 
ment, and organization of tne Coiiege was cniefly committed, and that 
he did his work so well added to his distinction and largely insured 
the results of subsequent years. To the enthusiastic co-operation of his 
well chosen faculty much credit is also due, and linked indissolubly 
with the name of the College will always be the names of the devoted 
women who served it in the early days. 

From its opening in October, 1885, the purposes of the institution, as 
set forth in Section 2524 of the Annotated Code of 1906, collegiate, 
normal, and industrial, have been closely adhered to. with emphasis 
on each as equipment has been provided and conditions would admit. 
Under Dr. Jones, the first president, the foundation of all the depart- 
ments was laid and a school of music and fine arts added, with tuition 







I I » 



!\ 






11 



ii lpiM|r 



ii 







STATE INSTITUTIONS 633 

fees for instruction in them. Stress was laid naturally and necessarily 
on the collegiate work, lack of means requiring the postponement of 
the full development of the industrial features; not an unwise policy, 
perhaps, even if means had been adequate for both. Dr. Jones' resig- 
nation at the end of three years was deeply regretted throughout the 
State; due, it was thought, to his conclusion that his powers as presi- 
dent were inadequate to the successful execution of his plans. 

This limitation of the powers of the president was more apparent in 
the next three administrations, when the divergent purposes of the 
institution, difficult to harmonize under the most favorable conditions, 
began to be championed zealously and too exclusively, it seems, by 
some inside as well as outside the College. Mr. Chas. H. Cocke, the 
second president, a cultured, scholarly gentleman, sought to keep in 
the line of his predecessor and advance the work in some directions, 
but he found himself out of harmony with influential members of the 
faculty and unsupported by the Board of Trustees. He consequently 
tendered his resignation in March 1890. An interregnum of three 
months followed, during which Miss M. J. S. Callaway served as acting 
president. Professor Alf Beals was chosen president in June, 1890, 
and resigned at the end of one year. 

Dr. Robert Frazer was next called to the presidency, and held the 
office from 1891 to 1898. Some, improvements were made during this 
period, and the attendance continued to tax fully the capacity of the 
dormitories. On the whole, however, there was little growth; friction 
continued, the purposes of the institution seemed still to clash, and 
the powers of the president remained undefined or inadequate. 

Fearing that the usefulness of the College was being impaired and 
that a continuance of these conditions would menace its existence, 
Governor McLaurin and the board of Trustees, in 1898, induced Mr. A. 
A. Kincannon, State Superintendent of Education, to assume the 
presidency, with the assurance that ample powers would be granted 
him, such as nominating his faculty, arranging the courses of study, 
and establishing rules of discipline (Section 2538, Code 1906). 

An era of popularity and expansion was introduced. Two dormi- 
tories were built, a commodious, up-to-date hospital was erected and 
successively industrial nail, a capacious iaunary, music nail, science 
hall, and a large new power-house rose upon the grounds, evidencing 
the executive ability of President Kincannon and the influence of the 
Legislature and the people in his administration of the College. Mean- 
while the attendance was more than doubled, the enrollment, with age 
limit raised to sixteen, was 816 in 1906 — 07, and over one hundred more 
were refused admittance for lack of accommodations. The enlargement 
and better equipment of the industrial department and the growth 
of the music department to conservatory dimensions, with entertain- 
ments furnished by artists of world-wide reputation, may be added as 
characteristic of this administration. Also, that in 1906 the College 



634 STATE INSTITUTIONS 

courses were revised and made elective. From being rigidly prescribed 
nearly one-half of the work of the junior class and about two-thirds of 
that of the senior class became elective, preserving the distinctive A. 

B. and B. S. courses, and yet affording advanced students in either of 
these courses an opportunity to broaden as much as possible the range 
of their culture or to specialize in certain directions, according to in- 
clination or prospective need. 

After declining the offer in November, 1906, Mr. Kincannon was 
again elected to the Chancellorship of the University of Mississippi in 
June 1907. With reluctance he severed his connection with the I. I. & 

C. in response, as he said, as much to the call of duty as to that of 
professional ambition. The Board of Trustees unanimously elected 
as his successor Mr. Henry L. Whitfield, then State Superintendent of 
Education, and the new president assumed the duties of his office July 
11, 1907. 

Under its sixth president the twenty-third session of the College 
began auspiciously September 25, 1907. The opening exercises were 
unusually interesting. President Whitfield's inaugural address, in its 
spirit and grasp of the situation and in the policy outlined, gave as- 
surance of continued prosperity to the College under his administra- 
tion. The effect of his thorough inspection of the internal affairs of the 
institution to the details of each department was soon discernible in 
the spirit and work of the school. 

The most definite features of the present administration are perhaps 
the following: Expansion and thorough reorganization of the Normal 
Department in 1907-08; organization of a Physical Education Depart- 
ment in the same year; building of Gymnasium and Library with ap- 
propriation of 1908; athletic field marked off, graded, and equipped; 
raising of college entrance requirements in 1909, to conform to require- 
ments of the Southern Association of Colleges; inauguration of stud- 
ent government organization and civil league in 1910; new dormitory 
and dining hall completed with appropriation made in 1910; 
continued improvement of grounds and growth and increasing service- 
ableness of the library; simplification of the college course in 1911, 
with prescribed work in first and second years and major and minor 
electives for most of the worK. of the third and fourth years; stricter 
and more scientific gradation of the music and industrial courses in 
1912, in order to correlate them with the collegiate course; steady in- 
crease in the size of graduating classes. 

The formation of reading and study circles among the teachers, gen- 
erally led by the president; and the more frequent applications for 
leave of absence by teachers for special or post-graduate study in the 
universities of the United States or Europe, might also be said to 
mark this administration and show the increasing breadth and pro- 
gressiveness of the faculty. 



STATE INSTITUTIONS 635 

The erection in 1913 of the Mabel Ward Practice Home, on plans 
prepared largely by the girls to occupy it, marks a distinct advance 
in the training of the pupils in the various domestic arts. By groups 
members of the senior class take their turn in the management of this 
well equipped home laboratory; buying and keeping accounts, cooking 
and serving meals, and performing all other duties of a well ordered 
household, each taking in prescribed order the part assigned to her. 
A bulletin in 1914 by the president, entitled "Progress and Present 
Standards of the I. I. and C", so clearly and comprehensively sets 
forth the growth of the college and its adaptation to the changing de- 
mands of modern life that it merits special record and should be care- 
fully read by every one seeking thorough knowledge of the history 
of the Industrial Institute and College. 

Systematized extension work in a group of nearby rural schools, 
to help make their courses more practical, varied, and vitally related 
to what better home conditions and social life in the country now 
call for, was a notable expansion of college activities in 1915 — 16. 
Cutting off of the under-freshman classes and raising of entrance re- 
quirements to the fourteen unit standard is another indication of note- 
worthy progress in recent years in response to improved standards 
in the high schools of the state. 

Notwithstanding higher entrance requirements and hard times, in 
the session of 1916 — 17 the attendance was 942 and the graduating 
class numbered 142 — setting new records in both these particulars. In 
the last two months of this session, owing to the impending war, the 
general work of the College was largely redirected in order to meet 
more promptly and effectively conditions that threatened soon to con- 
front life in every home in the land. Significant of this new line of 
work were the large classes organized in First Aid Red Cross Courses. 
About four hundred completed these courses and received certificates. 
A summer term of the College, offering also special courses in primary 
work and in home economics, was successful beyond expectations. 

The session of 1917-18 will begin with the curriculum revised to 
the extent that elective major courses will begin in the Sophomore year 
and electives correlating with the majors will he more strictly regu- 
lated than heretofore. The fourteen unit entrance requirement, un- 
conditional, will also as has been announced be enforced. In spite of 
war conditions, applications for enrollment indicate a full attendance 
the coming session. 

During the thirty-two years of its existence more than seven thousand 
young women have sought instruction at this College. Of these over 
nine hundred forty-two are now in school, sixteen hundred have taken 
certificates of proficiency in industrial arts, and eight hundred and 
fifty-eight have received academic degrees. As stated in the catalogue, 
this Institute and College "seeks to improve the intellect by the best 



STATE INSTITUTIONS 635 

The erection in 1913 of the Mabel Ward Practice Home, on plans 
prepared largely by the girls to occupy it, marks a distinct advance 
in the training of the pupils in the various domestic arts. By groups 
members of the senior class take their turn in the management of this 
well equipped home laboratory; buying and keeping accounts, cooking 
and serving meals, and performing all other duties of a well ordered 
household, each taking in prescribed order the part assigned to her. 
A bulletin in 1914 by the president, entitled "Progress and Present 
Standards of the I. I. and C", so clearly and comprehensively sets 
forth the growth of the college and its adaptation to the changing de- 
mands of modern life that it merits special record and should be care- 
fully read by every one seeking thorough knowledge of the history 
of the Industrial Institute and College. 

Systematized extension work in a group of nearby rural schools, 
to help make their courses more practical, varied, and vitally related 
to what better home conditions and social life in the country now 
call for, was a notable expansion of college activities in 1915 — 16. 
Cutting off of the under-freshman classes and raising of entrance re- 
quirements to the fourteen unit standard is another indication of note- 
worthy progress in recent years in response to improved standards 
in the high schools of the state. 

Notwithstanding higher entrance requirements and hard times, in 
the session of 1916 — 17 the attendance was 9-42 and the graduating 
class numbered 142 — setting new records in both these particulars. In 
the last two months of this session, owing to the impending war, the 
general work of the College was largely redirected in order to meet 
more pFomptly and effectively conditions that threatened soon to con- 
front life in every home in the land. Significant of this new line of 
work were the large classes organized in First Aid Red Cross Courses. 
About four hundred completed these courses and received certificates. 
A summer term of the College, offering also special courses in primary 
work and in home economics, was successful beyond expectations. 

The session of 1917-18 will begin with the curriculum revised to 
the extent that elective major courses will begin in the Sophomore year 
and electives correlating with the majors will be more strictly regu- 
lated than heretofore. The fourteen unii entrance requirement, un- 
conditional, will also as has been announced be enforced. In spite of 
war conditions, applications for enrollment indicate a full attendance 
the coming session. 

During the thirty-two years of its existence more than seven thousand 
young women have sought instruction at this College. Of these over 
nine hundred forty-two are now in school, sixteen hundred have taken 
certificates of proficiency in industrial arts, and eight hundred and 
fifty-eight have received academic degrees. As stated in the catalogue, 
this Institute and College "seeks to improve the intellect by the best 



636 STATE INSTITUTIONS 

methods which philosophy and experience suggest, to afford means for 
broad and thorough culture, and to preserve and improve every char- 
acteristic of refined womanhood. This high mission demands high 
standards. Every incentive to diligence and thoroughness is afforded 
and corresponding earnestness is expected of every pupil. The object 
is to secure to our young women accurate and adequate preparation 
for life. Let all who seek admission bear in mind that high achieve- 
ment involves high endeavor. 

Special mention of individual trustees, teachers, and officers of the 
College entitled by length or character of service to such distinction 
would add to the interest of this sketch, but would transgr?s' > .5 limits 
if done satisfactorily, for reference to only a few would certainly seem 
indivious. Omission will be less reprehensible, hence no attempt in 
this direction is ventured. 



The present organization of the college is as follows: 
H. L. Whitfield, B. L., LL. D., President. 
Dabney Lipscomb, A. B., A. M. LL. D., Vice-President. 



Collegiate Depabtment 

Lawrence G. Painteb, Professor of English Language and Literature. 
A. B. Brown University, 1900; LL. B., University of Maryland 1903; 
A. M. Harvard University, 1909. 

Elise Timberlake, Professor of Teaching of English. Graduate, Hill- 
man College, 1893; Student, University of Chicago, 1898 (one 
term and one quarter); B. S. Teachers' College Columbia Uni- 
versity, 1910; A. M., Columbia University, 1911. 

Miriam Greex Pasley, Professor of Ancient Languages. A. B., M. I. 1. 
and C, 1889; Student, University of Mississippi, 1890-1891; Han- 
over, 1893 (Summer); Sauvear School of Languages, 1897 (Sum- 
mer); Cornell University, 1898 (Summer); Harvard University, 
- 1899 (Summer); Paris, 1900 (Summer); Student of Archaeology, 
University of Zurich, 1903-1904; Rome, 1904, 1905, (Summers); 
Student University of Munich, 1904-1905; A. M., Columbia Univer- 
sity, 1911; Student Columbia University, 1911-1912. 

Gessner T. Smith, Professor of Modern Languages. Student, Hohere 
Tochter Schule, Leipsig, 1885-1886: Spain 1886 (Summer); Chi- 
cago University 1897, 1907 (Summers); The Sorbonne, Paris, 
1900-01; Gottingen, 1912 (Summer). 

Bessie Heath, Professor of History. A. B., M. I. I. and C, 1904; A. 
B., Leland Stanford Junior University, 1911. A. M. Columbia Uni- 
versity, 1916. 



-W^IM^W. 







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US 



j^^j^v t W<5gg&VJ£frw 



*> 
# 



STATE INSTITUTIONS 637 

Dabney Lipscomb, Professor of Civics, Economics, and Philosophy. 
A. B., University of Mississippi, 1879; A. M„ University of Mis- 
sissippi, 1881; Student, Columbia University, 1904-05; LL. D., 
University of Mississippi, 1911. 

Annie L. Fant, Professor of Psychology and Education. A. B. t M. I. I. 
and C, 1893; A. M.. Columbia University. 

Frances P. Hooper. Professor of Biology B. S., University of Mis- 
sissippi, 1885; A. M., University of Michigan, 1910; Harvard Bi- 
ological Station, Bermuda Islands, 1904; University of Wisconsin, 
1907 (Summer). 

H. G. McGowan, Professor of Agriculture and Floriculture. Student, 
Millsaps College, 1898-1900; University of Chicago, 1904 (one 
term); Cornell University, 1906 (Summer). 

Martha O. Eckford, Professor of Hygiene B. S., M. I. I. and C, 
1907; A. M. Columbia University, 1913. 

Cora Q. Walker, Professor of Chemistry A. B., M. I. I. and C, 1889; 
A. M., University of Mississippi, 1900; Student, University of Vir- 
ginia, 1889-94 (Summers); University of Chicago, 1895-99 (four 
quarters) and 1900-01; Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
1912-13. 

Lena Vaughan, Professor of Physics. B. S., 1902, M. S., 1906, Univer- 
sity of Chicago; Student, University of Chicago, 1908-10. 

Tom F. McBeath, Professor of Mathematics. B. S. and A. B., 1882, 
Glasgow, (Ky.) Normal School. 

Charles Shinault Brooks, Professor of Textiles. B. S., Mississippi 
A. and M. College, 1914. 

Susie Will Gunter, Professor of Home Science. Normal Diploma. 
1910; A. B., M. I. I. and C, 1911: Post Graduate student, M. I. I. 
and C, 1912; Columbia University (Summer), 1915. 

Ava E. Allen, Director of Practice School. Student, Nashville College, 
Nashville, Tennessee: University of Mississippi ( Summer 1911); 
University of Tennessee (Summers 1910 and 1912); University of 
Chicago (Summer 1913); Columbia University (Summer 1915). 

♦Bessie W. Newsom, Assistant in English. B. A., and M. A., degrees 
from Vanderbilt University. Special certificate from Harvard 
University in summer 1911. 

Hattie Gulledge, Assistant in English. A. B., M. I. I. and C, 1904; 
student of University of Chicago, 1903 (three months), 1910 (three 
months), 1915, (three months); studied at Summer -School, Knox- 
ville, 1905 (six weeks), 1911, (six weeks). 

Ella Lou Terry, Assistant in English B. S., George Peabody College 
for Teachers; Student, University of Chicago 1912 (three months), 



* Absent on leave. 



638 STATE INSTITUTIONS 

1916 (six weeks) ; Student, University of Michigan, 1913 (eight 
weeks), 1914 (eight weeks); Student, University of Wisconsin, 
1915 (six weeks). 
Marion Emeth Tuttle, Assistant in English. A. B., Trinity College; 
A. M., Columbia University; Student, Chicago University (Sum- 
mer 1914). 
Annie Caulfield, Assistant in English. A. B., M. I. I. and C, 1906; 

A. M., University of Wisconsin, 1912. 
Mary Callaway, Assistant in English. A. B., M. I. I. and C, 1912; 

M. A., Stanford University, 1916. 
Cornellia Hudson. Assistant in Latin. A. B., M. I. I. and C, 1899; 
Student, University of Chicago, 1905 (Summer) ; Columbia Univer- 
sity, 1908 (Summer). 
Eloise McCaskill, Assistant in Latin. A. B., M. I. I. & C. 1916. 
Ruby Caulfield, Assistant in Modern Languages. A. B., M. I. I. and 
C, 1908; Student in Germany, 1910 (Summer). A. M., University 
of Wisconsin, 1916. 
Elizabeth Celestine Roth, Assistant in Modern Languages. Stad- 
tische hohere Tochterschule. Gottingen, Germany, 1900-1907; Eng- 
lish Boarding School, Gottingen, Germany, 1907-1911; Student, 
University of Michigan, 1913-14. 
Ellen Crawford, Assistant in Modern Languages. A. B., University 

of Michigan, 1910. 
Lena Boyd Ellington, Assistant in History. A. B., M. I. I. and C. 
1906; Student, University of Chicago, 1912; A. M., Columbia Uni- 
versity, 1913-14 
Mrs. Alma Willis Sydenstricker, Assistant in History. Ph. D., Woos- 
ter University, Wooster, Ohio; Certificate pupil in Semetic Lan- 
guages of Dr. W. R. Harper. 
Mary Gore Wyatt,* Assistant in History. B. D. and A. B. Iuke Nor- 
mal College, Mississippi. 1891; Student, University of Mississippi, 
1904-05; University of Chicago, 1916 (one term) ; University of the 
South, 1912 (Summer). 
Lottie Howard, Assistant in History. B. S., M. I. I. and C, 1909; Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin, session of 1914-1915. 
Frances M. Moore,* Assistant in History A. B., M. I. I. and C, 1910. 
Nellie Keirn, Assistant in Psychology and Education. A. B., M. I. 1. 

and C, 1906; A. M., University of Wisconsin, 1912. 
Alice Wildman, Assistant in Psychology and Education. B. S., Teach- 
ers' College, Columbia University, 1910; Graduate student, Colum- 
bia University, 1915. 
Sarah Frances Rowan, Home Science Extension Department. B. S., 
M. I. I. and C, 1912; took course in Rural Leadership, Cornell, 
1913 (Summer); Student, Columbia, 1913. 



* Absent on leave. 



STATE INSTITUTIONS 639 

Clytee Evans, Assistant in Biology B. S., Mississippi I. I. and C, 
1911; University of Vermont 1913, (Summer); University of Chi- 
cago, 1915-16; University of Chicago 1915, (Summer). 

Mabgaret L. Baskervill, Assistant in Hygiene A. B., Randolph-Ma- 
con Woman's College, 1908; University of Chicago, 1910, 1912 (one 

i quarter). 

Floy Cunningham, Assistayit in Chemistry. B. S., M. I. I. and C., 
1913; Columbia University (Summer, 1915). 

Margaret Boyd, Assistant in Mathematics. A. B., M. I. I. and C, 1S03; 
Student University of Chicago, 1905-1906. 

*Kate Albright, Assistant in Mathematics. A. B., M. I. I. and C, 1898; 
Student, Summer School of the South, Tennessee, 1903. 

Guyton Teague, Assista7it in Home Science B. S., M. I. I. and C, 
1913. 

Marguerite G. Mallon, Assistant in Home Science. B. S., Lewis In- 
stitute, Chicago, 1915; M. S., University of Chicago, 1916. 

Anne Walker, Assistant in Practice School. Graduate. State Normal 
College, Farmville, Va., 1912; Emory and Henry College, 1910 
(Summer). 

Rosa B. Knox, Director of Kindergarten. University of Chicago 1916 
(Summer); Graduate Agnes Scott Institute 1899; Graduate Atlan- 
ta Kindergarten Normal School, 1902; Graduate Chicago Kinder- 
garten College, 1906; Student, Chicago Froebel Association, 1907 
-08; Student, University of Chicago, (Ky ten-Elementary Educ); 
Summer, 1907 (one term) — Session 1908-09; Summer 1914, (one 
term). 

Constance Latshaw. Professor of Bihle. A. B., University of Missouri, 
1912; Bible Work at Missouri Bible College. 

Sue Fay Nall, Director of Oratorical and Oral Expression Department. 
Pupil of Henry Lawrence Southwick, Boston; Blanche Gutman, 
School of Expression Art, New York; Trippe, Chicago; School of 
Expression. Shakespearian Reading Course, Tulane University, N. 
O. La., Byron W. King, School of Oratory, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. 



Industrial Department 

Bessie K. Daugherty, Director. 

Charles Shinault Brooks. Professor of Textiles. B. S., Mississippi A. 

and M. College, 1914. 
Lida W. Sykes, Stenography and Bookkeeping. Graduate, Nashville 

College, Nashville, Tenn., 1889; Student, Stenography, M. I. I. ana 



* Absent on leave. 



640 STATE INSTITUTIONS 

C, 1904-05; Colorado Business College, Boulder, Col., 1913 (Sum- 
mer); Bowling Green Business University, Ky., 1914 and 1916, 
(Summer). 
Jefferson Johnson, Dressmaking. Student, M. I. I. and C, 1889-92; 
Student under S. T. Taylor, New York, 1894, 1896, 1898 (Summers) ; 
Studied at Royal. New York, 1905 (Summers); Studied in Chi- 
cago, 1909 (Summer) ; Student University of Chicago, 1913 (term) ; 
Columbia University (Summer, 1915). 

Mary H. Pennell, Fine Arts. Academy of Design, New York, 1889-90; 
Art Students' League, New York, 1890-01; Chase School of Art, 
New York 1892-93; Painting in studio of W. M. Chase and Mrs. M. 
F. Scott, New York, 1892-93; Studied under; Mrs. Henderson, Cin- 
cinnati, 1890 (Summer); Franz B. Aulich, Chicago, 1893 (Sum- 
mer); Art Students' League, New York, 1895 (Summer); Frank 
O. Drummond, 1900, 1905 (Summers); Chautauqua, 1906 (Sum- 
mer); Robert Henri, 1907 (Summer); Columbia. University, 1910 
Summer). 

Bettie McArthur, Director of Applied Design. Studied in Cincinnati 
- Art Academy, 1890-97; Studied in Paris, 1900-02; Newcomb School 
of Design, 1905-06 (Winter) ; Columbia University, Department 
of Household Arts, 1910 (Summer). 

Anna Barrixger, Director of Normal Art. Newcomb College, New 
Orleans, La., 1902-03; New York School of Art, 1905-06; B. S., 

Columbia University. 

Jimmie H. Youxg, Millinery. Student, Levis Zukoski's Millinery, St. 
Louis, 1899-1912 (seasons) ; B. D. Fisk, Chicago, 1901 (fall sea- 
son); Chicago University, 1912 (Summer); Chicago University, 
1914 (Summer). 

Susie Will Gcjxter, Professor of Home Science. Normal Diploma, 
1910; A. B., M. I. I. and C, 1911; Post Graduate Student, M. I. I. 
and C, 1912; Columbia University (Summer 1915). 

Marguerite G. Mallox, Assistant in Home Science. B. S., Lewis In- 
stitute, Chicago, 1915; M. S., University of Chicago, 1916. 

Guyton Teague, Assistant in Home Science. B. S., M. I. I. and C, 

Kate Miller, Assistant in Dressmaking Certificate in Dressmaking, 
M. I. I. and C, 1902; Kiester's Ladies' Tailoring School, Kansas 
City, Mo., 1907 (Summer); Columbia University (Summers 1913- 
1915). 

Music Department 

Piano 

Weenoxaii Poixdexter, Director. Graduate of New England Conserv- 
atory of Music, 1894; Studied under: Carl Stasney, New England 
Conservatory of Music, 1897, 1904 (Summers) ; Emil Liebling, Chi- 



STATE INSTITUTIONS 641 

cago, 1898, 1900 (Summers) : Dr. Goetschius, New York, 1906 (Sum- 
mer) ; Felix Fox, Fox-Buouamici School of Music, 1908 (Summer); 
Dr. Goetschius, New York, 1909-10. 

Mattie Montcastle, Assistant. Studied under Miss Blass, Mass., 1889 
and 1890; Carl Stasny, New England Conservatory of Music, six 
months, 1891-92; Dr. Elesenheime. College of Music, Cincinnati, 
1898 (Summer); Dr. Hachett, of Brooklyn, 1S99; Mr. Sherwood, 
Chautauqua, 1900, 1901, 1902, 1903 (Summers); Dr. Goetschius, 
1908 (Summer); Studied in Berlin, 1909-10. 

Etta Atwell, Assistant. Graduate in Music, M. I. I. and C, 1903; 
Graduate, Sherwood Music School, Chicago, 1909, under W. H. 
Sherwood. Studied with: Sherwood in Chautauqua, 1903, 1904, 1907, 
1908 (Summers); Mrs. E. T. Tobey, Tennessee, two months, 1905. 

Evelyn Windham, Assista?it. Graduate of Cincinnati Conservatory 
of Music, 1905; two years post-graduate work, Cincinnati Conserv- 
atory of Music, 1905-06 and 1906-07. 

Eri Douglass, Assistant. Student, New England Conservatory of 
Music, 1909-10, 1911-12. 

Susie Sanford, Assistant. Student: Ferdinand Dewey, Temple Con- 
servatory of Music, Philadelphia, 1900-02 William H. Sherwood, 
Sherwood Music School, Chicago, 1903; J. Strahm, Mont Eagle, 
Tenn., 1905 (summer). American Institute of Applied Music, New 
York City, 1915-'16. 

Voice 

Mattie Lou Brown, Director. Studied with Mrs. S. S. Todd, Hunts- 
ville, Ala., 1890-91; B. F. Foley, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1893 (Winter); 
George Sweet, New York City, 1897-98-99 (Summers); J. Allen 
Price, Chicago, 1915 (Summer); Frank Webster, Chicago, 1906 
Summer); Alexander Van Lieltz, Chicago, 1909 (Summer). 

Marie Searles, Assistant. Student, Chicago Music College, 1901-02; 
Mrs. Broadus, St. Louis, Mo., 1902-05; Teachers' Certificate, Wash- 
ington College of Music, Washington, D. C, 1910-11. 

♦Gertrude Crawford. Sight Singing. Student under: L. Gaston Gotts- 
chalk, Chicago, 1891-05; Fred W. Root, 1S35-97; Madam Mara, Ber- 
lin, Germany, 1909 (Summer); J. Barlett Campbell, 1895; L. Low- 
enthal, 1896, Chicago. 



Physical Education Department 

Emma Ody Pohl, Physical Director. Student at Chautauqua, New 
York School of Physical Education and Expression; University of 



Resigned. 

41— m. 



64! 



STATE INSTITUTIONS 



Missouri; University of Illinois; Cook County Normal, Chicago 
(Summer) ; Chicago School of Physical Education and Expression 
(Summer); Columbia University; Chalif Normal School of Danc- 
ing; Chicago Normal School of Dancing (Summer); Hinman 
School, Chicago (Summer). 

Grace Massengale, Assistant. A. B., M. I. I. & C. 1916. 

Myrtle Dick Fitzgerald, Assistant. B. S., M. I. I. & C. 1916. 



Officers. 

D. T. Gaston, Secretary and Treasurer. 

H. C. Hamilton, Assistant Secretary and Treasurer. 

Mrs. H. M. Waddell, Second Assistant Secretary and Treasurer. 

Bessie K. Daugherty, Registrar. 

Sarah D. Neilson, Assistant Registrar. 

W. H. McClanahan, Superintendent of Buildings' and Grounds. 

John A. Neilson, Proctor. 

Beulah Culbertson, Librarian. 

Undine Levy, Assistant Librarian. 

Constance Latshaw, Y. W. C. A. Secretary. 

Emily C. Run yon, M. D., Physician. 

Jane Lucile Wilkinson, R. N., Trained Nurse. 

Lillian J. Hay, R. N., Trained Nurse. 

Celeste L. Callaway, Superintendent of Dormitories. 

Bessie Hearon, Assistant. 

Mrs. M. L. Shattuck, Housekeeper. 

T. C Wyatt, Superintendent of Laundry. 

J. S. Boucher, Engineer. 

Miss Bettie Whitfield, Supervisor of Buildings. 



Standing Committees of the Faculty. 

1917-131S. 

Registration — Mrs. Sykes, Miss Evans, Miss Montcastle. 

Examinations — Mr. McBeath, Miss Wildman, Miss Pennell. 

Library — Miss Fant, Mr. Lipscomb, Miss Ellington. 

Student Labor Fund — Miss Johnson, Mrs. Callaway, Mrs. Young. 

Course of Study — President Whitfield. Mr. Lipscomb, Mrs. Smith, 
Miss Paslay, Mr. McBeath, Miss Hooper. 

Athletics— Miss Pohl, Miss Barringer, Miss A. Caulfield. 

Affiliation — Miss Keirn, Miss Eckford, Miss R. Caulfield. 

Advanced Standing — Miss Vaughaii, Miss Timberjake, Miss E. Craw- 
ford, Miss Heath. 



STATE INSTITUTIONS 643 

Appointment — Mr. Painter, Miss Timberlake, Miss C. Q. Walker, Miss 

Fant. 
Advisory Committee Student Government — Miss Tuttle, Mrs. Snyden- 

stricker, Misses Howard, Massengale, and Wildman. 
Advisory Board Y. W. C. A. — Mrs. Snydenstricker, Misses Douglass. 

Johnson, Levy, A. Caulfield, Hay, and Dr. Runyon. 
Uniform — Miss Johnson, Mrs. Young, Miss Miller, Miss Eckford. 
College Publications — Mr. McBeath, Miss Tuttle, Miss Gulledge. 
College Entertainments — Miss Nail and a student representative from 

each college class. 
Dramatic Costumes — Miss Fant. Miss Ellington, Miss McArthur. 
Diplomas — Miss Vaughan, Miss Boyd. 
Classification, Collegiate and Industrial — Mrs. Daugherty, Misses 

Hooper, C. Q. Walker, and E. Tuttle. 
Classification, Education — Misses Fant, Boyd, and A. Caulfield. 



544 STATE INSTITUTIONS 



THE MISSISSIPPI A. & M. COLLEGE. 



By Dr. B. M, Walker. 



The Mississippi Agricultural & Mechanical College opened its doors 
for the admission of students in October 1SS0, and the eight members 
of the first graduating class received their diplomas in 18S3. 

When the College opened in 1SS0, the conditions were very crude 
and primitive. The College boys worked in the fields, grubbing 
stumps, clearing land and filling ditches, at 8 cents an hour for their 
work. At night they brought in their own coal to their rooms and 
made their fires; they drew their water from the deep wells of the 
campus with rope and bucket and carried it up to their rooms in the 
dormitories. The mess hall, kitchen and dining room were in the 
basement of the old chapel building, with only dirt floors a part of the 
time. 

The College faculty was limited and the college was considered as 
an experiment; book-farming was even sneered at and scientific agri- 
culture was at a great discount; the value of science was not recog- 
nized in educational circles and industrial education in the South was 
in its infancy. 

The inventory of College property in 1883 showed a total value of 
$174,857.09; in 1893, $230,316.14; in 1903, $532,270.54; and in 1913, it 
footed up a grand total of $1,238,812.50. The appropriation made by 
the State Legislature in 1916 for the biennial period is the liberal sum 
of $251,874.72. 

The influences of the College for good have been so potent in the 
state that the legislature, in its wisdom, appropriated $32,000.00 for 
Farmers' Institutes in Agricultural Extension; $56,'000.0O for the 
Branch Agricultural Experiment Stations, and $51,638.00 for chemical 
work and analysis, as additional agencies in the state. 

The dormitories and College buildings are. well furnished and have 
steam heat, hot and cold water, and electric lights. The dining room 
and kitchen are sanitary, modern and up-to-date, with both equip- 
ment and fixtures. 



STATE INSTITUTION'S 645 

The attendance during the current session is fully abreast with the 
attendance as compared with former years; 12S0 in the regular ses- 
sion; 487 in the summer school; making a total attendance of 1767. 

The spirit in the student body is the best it has been for several 
years. Obedient to authority, responsive to discipline, much greater 
interest in the Military Department, and with attention turned to a 
higher standard in gentlemanly conduct, morality, and excellency in 
scholarship. There is unity and harmony in the faculty, which num- 
bers 261 employees, when we include the faculty proper and other offi- 
cers of the college and the force of extension workers. 

As to how well the graduates are succeeding when thrown into com- 
petition in the open markets of the world, is beautifully shown by the 
important and responsible positions they are now filling satisfactorily. 

Today the College is purely democratic in its government and has no 
aristocratic lines of class distinction in the student body. The poor 
boy has an equal chance with the son of the wealthy banker and each 
must rely upon his own merits, scholarship and conduct for promotion 
and distinction. The institution is indeed the poor boy's opportunity. 
The total expenses for the scholastic year averages about $150.00 per 
student and fully 300 or more students work to pay part if not all, o: 
their expenses through college. Furthermore, the college cannot pro- 
vide sufficient work to accommodate all students who desire to reduce 
their college expenses by their labor. 

The organization of the college is carefully planned along sound 
business lines on a broad educational basis and consists of the fol- 
lowing schools and departments: A school of Agriculture, a school of 
Engineering, a school of Industrial Education, a school of General Sci- 
ence; the department of Agricultural Experiment Stations, the de- 
partment of Farmers' Institutes, the department of Agricultural Ex- 
tension, the Service Bureau, and the departments of English, Mathe- 
matics, History and Civics, and Military Science and Tactics, and 
Physical Education. 

The School of Agriculture comprises the departments of Agronomy, 
Chemistry, Dairy Husbandry, Horticulture, Zoology, and Entomology, 
Farm Management, Rural Engineering, Botany and Forestry, Veter- 
inary Medicine, Animal Husbandry, Poultry Husbandry, Markets and 
Rural Economics, and Bacteriology. The School of Engineering com- 
prises the departments of Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engi- 
neering, Civil Engineering and Drawing, Geology and Geography, Phy- 
sics, and Mathematics. 

The School of Industrial Education comprises the division of Edu- 
cation the Departments of Philosophy and Sociology, Modern Lan- 
guages, and the division of Business and Industry. The School of 
General Science comprises the Departments of Bacteriology, Botany, 
Chemistry, Geology, Physics, Physiology and Zoology. 



646 STATE INSTITUTIONS 

The Service Bureau is divided into five divisions as follows: 

1. The Department of Correspondence Instruction. 

2. The Department of Public Discussion. 

3. The Department of General Information and Welfare. 

4. The Department of Municipal and County Reference. 
5 The Department of Visual Instruction. 

While the instruction in the departments devoted to general edu- 
cation and culture runs through all the different Schools. In each 
school are offered regular courses of instruction leading to the degree 
of Bachelor of Science and which require four years for completion; 
also two-year short practical courses in Agriculture, Mechanical Engi- 
neering, and Industrial Training. The theoretical instruction is 
mainly technical and necessitates preparation of a high order. 

The number enrolled in technical lines, show an increase and the 
number of student withdrawals is cut down fully fifty per cent. This 
increased enrollment in technical lines and the great reduction in the 
withdrawals show an increasing interest in technical education and a 
good healthy working spirit in the student body. In the Agricultural 
School the lines of study commanding the most attention are Agron- 
omy, Animal Husbandry, Chemistry, Veterinary Science, Dairying, 
Markets and Rural Economy, and Horticulture. In the school of En- 
gineering, the interest is pretty evenly divided between Civil Engi- 
neering, Electrical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering. 

This is the South's greatest school of practical education. It offers 
many courses of study allowing specialization in a dozen different 
lines. The instruction at the College is of the highest importance and 
is such as to direct the minds and tastes of students to agriculture, 
horticulture, care and growth of stock, management of farms, manner 
of performing labor and to train the students in the different engi- 
neering lines, in general science, in the knowledge of industrial edu- 
cation, Public Affairs, Business and Industry. The great central 
thought is to teach the boys of Mississippi how to develop the great 
natural resources of the state; to build up the worn out soils; to di- 
versify our agriculture; to develop manufacturing plants and other 
lines of industry and to balance them up with our agriculture. 

The college has succeeded beyond the most sanguine hopes of its 
loyal supporters. It is bigger and healthier today than it was yester- 
day, and tomorrow it will be larger still. 



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STATE INSTITUTIONS 647 



THE MISSISSIPPI NORMAL COLLEGE. 



By Prof. T. P. Scott. 

The history of the establishment of the Mississippi Normal College 
is the history of the growth and development of teacher influence in 
Mississippi during the past thirty years. It is a record that reflects 
no credit on the wisdom of our law-makers during that period; a rec- 
ord that will be examined with surprise by the future historian, who 
will puzzle his brain to reconcile the fact that the State that prided 
itself as being the pioneer in so many radical reformations and im- 
provements could permit itself to be the last State in the Union to 
recognize the need of trained teachers for its public school system. 

It is indeed a shame, and little short of a disgrace, that the teachers 
of the State should have been permitted to plead in vain for this in- 
stitution for more than two decades, and even then be granted — what? 
The mere privilege of establishing a training school, provided they 
could get some community to contribute the money! What a magnan- 
imous concession on the part of the people's representatives! 

But while this record is one of little credit to the law-makers of 
the State, it is one of glory to the humble teachers who so valiantly 
fought for the rights of cnildhood. 

What does this record show? 

The establishment of a teachers' training, school was recommended 
by the Mississippi Teachers' Association in the form of resolutions of 
1888, 1889, 1890, and almost every year thereafter. Committees were 
also appointed almost every year to study the question and urge the 
necessity of such an institution. 

In 1901, the president of the State Teachers' Association, Mr. G. F. 
Boyd (now deceased), made an argument for this school in his ad- 
dress, and in response to his recommendation the association author- 
ized the appointment of a committee to memorialize the Legislature 
to establish "a high grade State Normal School." This committee 
consisted of H. L. Whitfield, E. E. Bass, J. C. Fant, E. L. Bailey and 
J. 0. Looney. One year later this committee reported that it's efforts 
had met with failure, and again the association passed a resolution, 
offered by Prof. J. C. Hardy, unqualifiedly endorsing the establishment 



648 STATE INSTITUTIONS 

of a State Normal College. At the same meeting the report of the 
Committee of Ten on Rural Schools contained an exhaustive argument 
in favor of the establishment of such a school. Following is a brief 
excerpt from that report: "Your committee is glad to say that the 
necessity for such a school is no longer discussed by the profession in 
this State, only the ways and means to secure it. Indeed, we have 
gotten the highest recognition of the fact of its necessity in the recom- 
mendation of Governor Longino to the session of 1902 of the State 
Legislature. 

"The purpose of the Normal should be the instruction of persons in 
the art of teaching, and in all the various branches pertaining to the 
public schools of Mississippi. The institution should stand for t' re? 
essentials in the preparation of the teacher: (1) A high grad? of 
scholarship; (2) The study of education as a science: (3) Practice 
in teaching under expert supervision and criticism. It should bi re- 
sponsible to the State for the character and scholarship of thcs^ it 
sends out to teach in our public schools. . . . 

"It is the opinion of this committee that this school should not be 
connected with any other school of the State, public or private, but 
should be a school well equipped with paraphernalia peculiar to its 
needs, and standing out prominently among the schools of the State." 

In 1903, the president of the association, Supt. E. E. Bass, devoted 
considerable attention in his annual address to the need of a train- 
ing school for teachers. Among other things he said: "There might 
have been a time when the belief prevailed that teachers, like poets, 
were born and not made, but it is a dangerous policy, and learning by 
experimentation on so valuable a commodity as childhood is not to be 
countenanced in this, the twentieth century. Germany, the school- 
mistress of the world, trusts no child to any but trained teachers." 

At this meeting, the following resolution was adopted by the asso- 
ciation: "Resolved, That this association begs to present to the Leg- 
islature the consideration of the need for a State Normal School as 
a separate and distinct center, and further prays that honorable bcdy, 
in the effort to make more efficient the means of education in the 
State, to establish such an institution for the training ot teachers for 
the public schools.'' 

In 1904, Dr. P. H. Saunders was president of the association and in 
his address commented on the failure of the Legislature to heed the 
request of the teachers in this matter. He emphasized the fact that 
it is not a wise policy to make large appropriations for the public 
schools and at the same time to make no provision for the training of 
those who are to receive the most of this, namely, tha rural teachers. 

In 1905, Supt. E. L. Bailey was president of the association and 
cai'ed attention to this matter in his annual address, saying: "The 
record for the past twenty years shows that this association has annu 
ally commended this question to the favorable consideration of the 



STATE INSTITUTIONS 649 

legislative bodies. * * * I am fully persuaded that our school 
system will never measure up to the high standard set by other com- 
monwealths until we make adequate provision for the education and 
equipment of teachers." 

Next in order came President C. E. Saunders, who said in his ad- 
dress to the association in 1906: "It is with disappointment and regret 
that I announce the failure of our last Legislature to establish a train- 
ing school for teachers of Mississippi. * * * As individual mem- 
bers of this body and teachers of this State we should use our every 
effort to impress our representatives with the importance and value 
of such an institution." 

In 1907, Supt. Joe Cook, in his annual address as president of the 
association devoted more than two thousand words to an argument 
in favor of a training school for teachers. He closed with this appeal: 
"Mr. Whitfield, in his last report to the Legislature called their atten- 
tion to the necessity for such a school, and then in the name of 5,000 
white teachers and more than three hundred thousand white children 
begged the Legislature to establish such a school. The Legislature 
turned Mr. Whitfield down. Why? Because they did not believe 
that Mr. Whitfield was speaking for five thousand teachers and three 
hundred thousand children. * * * Let us help make the Legis 1 ^- 
ture believe Mr. Whitfield. Let us five thousand teachers speak for 
ourselves and ask the fathers of more than three hundred thousand 
white children to speak for them!" 

And thus began the real organized effort on the part of the teachers 
of the State to stimulate public sentiment on this vftal question. Thus 
began the so-called "educational trust" that crowned its efforts in 
1910 by overruling a majority report from a hostile Education Com- 
mittee in the House and wresting victory from defeat at the very last 
moment! 

But it was not an easy victory. It cost three years of struggle and 
determined effort on the part of the loyal teachers of Mississippi. 

After another failure in the legislative session of 1908, the campaign 
committee of the association reported: "Our first step was to address 
a communication to each of the candidates for Governor, each of 
whom answered favorably, * * * and Governor Noel redeemed bis 
pledges most handsomely after election by calling especial attpntion 
to the need of such a school in his inaugural address, and by later 
sending a special message to the Legislature when the matter came uo 
for consideration. * * * We wrote personally to every candidate 
for legislative positions and recehed many favorable replies. * * *" 
After explaining in detail the history of the failure of the bill by Its 
being pigeon-holed in the Education Committee of the House, the re- 
port closed with a hopeful note: "Let us take heart and continue the 
good work among the people, and when the people sppak th- Normal 
will be established." 



650 STATE INSTITUTIONS 

At this same meeting, President Rose said in his address: "We will 
have a Normal Training School in Mississippi. If the Legislature 
should ultimately refuse, philanthropy will come to our rescue. But: 
the Legislature is not going to refuse. The bill will pass two years 
hence." . 

And so it did. 

But not without one of the hardest fights ever known in the history 
of legislation in this State. 

Not without the most urgent appeals on the part of State Superin- 
tendent Powers and Governor Noel. Not without petitions signed by 
thousands of trustees and patrons in every county of the State. Not 
without hundreds of personal letters and telegrams addressed to Mis- 
sissippi's law-makers. 

But the cause of childhood won! 

A bill was passed which was thought by its enemies (and some of 
its friends) to be worth less than the paper on which it was written. 
A bill which carried no appropriation; but merely gave the bare right 
to establish a Normal College if there could be found those who would 
put up the money for its construction! 

This, however, proved to be an easy task. 

The first Board of Trustees of the college was composed as follows: 
Governor E. F. Noel and Supt. J. N. Powers, ex-officio; W. T. Lowrey, 
P. H. Saunders, Joe Cook, W. H. Smith, J. C. Fant, J. E. Brown, G. T. 
Thomas and T. P. Scott. Within the first year Messrs. Fant, Smith 
and Thomas resigned and there were appointed in their places T. C. 
Kimbrough, H. L. McCleskey and R. E. Wilburn. 

Soon after its appointment, the board advertised for bids in the 
nature of land and cash bonus for the location of the college. It was 
stipulated that no bid of less than $100,000 would be considered. When 
the time arrived for the opening of the bids it was found that three 
communities, Jackson, Laurel and Hattiesburg, had entered the com- 
petition and that the lowest bid included $200,000 cash and a suitaWe 
free site. The location was awarded to . Hattiesburg for the considera- 
tion of $258,000 cash, 120 acres for a site, and an additional 640 acres 
located near by. 

With this money the board constructed one large three-story, fire- 
proof building known as College Hall, for offices, class rooms, labora- 
tories, etc.; two three-story, fire-proof dormitories; one two-story, 
brick building for an industrial cottage, one two-story brick residence 
for the president's home, and a frame bungalow for the vice-president's 
home. 

These buildings, with $40,000 worth of equipment and 8,000 acres of 
land were turned over to the State as a gift from the people of Hat- 
tiesburg and Forrest County. 

The Legislature of 1912 appropriated §78,500 to complete the equip- 
ment of the buildings. It also made liberal provision for mainte- 



STATE INSTITUTIONS &51 

nance, and at its session in 1914 made an appropriation of $80,000 for 
the construction and equipment of a third dormitory, this being the 
first building on the campus erected with State funds. 

It is but fair to state just here that when the Normal College at last 
became a reality, the Legislature was found to be very friendly 
toward it, and this friendly attitude has expressed itself in 
liberal biennial appropriations for the support of the college. It 
seems certain now that the institution is well established in the favor 
of both the people and their representatives at the state capital, and 
its friends are very confident that this popularity can be retained in- 
definitely. 

The first session of the college opened September 18, 1912, under the 
direction of President Joe Cook, formerly superintendent of the city 
schools of Columbus, Miss. During the first session the capacity of 
the dormitories was taxed beyond comfort and the total enrollment 
reached 876 before the session closed. The enrollment has increased 
each year, reaching a total of 1334 during the fourth session. For the 
fifth session it was only 1243, a slight decrease due to the war. 

The total number of students (no duplicates) enrolled since the col- 
lege opened its doors in September, 1912, is 3420. These students have 
come from practically every county in the State and almost all of 
them have gone back to their own country communities, filled with the 
Normal College spirit, impressed with the need of magnifying the ad- 
vantages and opportunities of country life, and fired with an anbition 
to help in every way possible to improve conditions and make of rural 
Mississippi the veritable garden spot of the world that God intended 
It to be. 



652 ' STATE INSTITUTIONS 



THE ALCORN A. & M. COLLEGE 



L. J.Rowax. President. 



. Oakland College was founded in 1828 by the Presbyterians of Missis- 
sippi, Arkansas and Louisiana under the leadership of Jeremiah 
Chamberlain, a native of Gettysburg, Penn. 

The College was advertised for sale, and in 1871 it was purchased 
by the state of Mississippi and dedicated to the higher education of 
negro men. The Governor of the State interested himself in the edu- 
cation of the negroes and the College was named for him, Alcorn Uni- 
versity. 

Hiram R. Revels was the first President of Alcorn University and 
he served ten years. Revels was succeeded by J. H. Burrus, whose 
term of service covered a period of ten years likewise. During the ad- 
ministration of Burrus, in 1878, the Legislature reorganized the school 
under the name of Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College, the 
better to comply with the act of Congress of July 1862, establishing 
Land Grant Colleges, U. S. Statutes, vol. 12, chap. 130, p. 503. 

Since then the tendency has been to .emphasize industrial training 
at the College, which disposition has been more and more understood 
and appreciated by the people, and the negroes themselves have come 
to such an appreciation of this character of education that each session 
is characterized by an attendance of students far surpassing the ca- 
pacity of the school to accommodate al^ applying. 

There has been a demand for industrial training of girls, too, at 
the College, and the Board of Trustees and the Legislature of 1902 
made provision to receive negro girls on the campus and to train 
them industrially. A dormitory was erected and three female teach- 
ers were chosen to instruct the girls in sewing, cooking, laundering 
and in nurse training. Five hundred girls applied at once to be admit- 
ted to the College and the institution has greatly prospered with 
this new departure, and the efficiency of the school has been greatly 
enhanced by thus extending its influence in a more vital sense to 
the colored race. 




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STATE INSTITUTIONS 653 

J. H. Burrus was succeeded by W. H. Reynolds, who died in three 
months after his inauguration, and T. J. Calloway succeeded to the 
Presidency and served two years. Rev. E. H. Triplett was elected 
President of Alcorn A. & M. College in 1S96 and held the office three 
years. W. H. Lanier was chosen to the Presidency in 189S and served 
five years. 

The College is supported as follows: 

It draws an annual income of $6,814.50 from the Agricultural Land 
Script Fund established by Congress in 1S62, and in addition the Col- 
lege has an income of $5,777.77 as interest on proceeds of the sale 
of College lands, Chapter 46.. Acts 1898. At present Alcorn College 
draws from the new Morrill bill, approved March 1, 1902, about 
$25,243.60 per annum. The amount of this latter item varies from 
time to time, as the distribution of the Morrill fund is apportioned 
to the Starkville A. & M. College and Alcorn according to the ratio 
of the two races in the State. The Legislature supplements these sums 
by special appropriations when necessary. 

Many have been the graduates of Alcorn College, there being a 
class graduated each year from its various departments, but the great- 
est influence for good to the State is wielded by its vast number of un- 
der-graduates which permeate the State with their impress upon the 
masses of the negro people. 

A recent appraisement of the property at Alcorn College reckons the 
plant to be worth $200,000, and the whole consists of 900 acres of land 
which comprise the farm and campus. 

Thirty-three buildings, great and small, adorn the grounds. The 
campus is shaped like a horsesuoe, upon the crest of which the princi- 
pal or original buildings, brick structures, are arranged and an orna- 
mented driveway reaches eacn building, passing from one heel of the 
crescent ridge to the other. 

Bruinsburg is four miles from the College, which point marks the 
place where General Grant crossed the Mississippi during the siege of 
Vicksburg in the time of the Civil War: and the ?ame is the point 
where Aaron Burr was arrested tor treason many years ago. 

L. J. Rowan, the present President, a native of Mississippi and an 
alumnus of the school, was called from the Chair of English to the 
head of the school on the 31st of May, 1905, to succeed W. H. Lanier. 

The school has an increased patronage from the negroes of Missis- 
sippi, Louisiana and Arkansas, and the numbers turned away each 
year demonstrate that dormitory accommodations are inadequate. 

A postoffice on the College campus, and a heating and lighting plant, 
costing about $20,000, are among the latest improvements. 



654 STATE INSTITUTIONS 

In 1911, J. A. Martin, Principal of the Jackson Graded School and 
an alumnus of the Alcorn A. & 3VL College, succeeded L. J. Rowan, as 
President. 

He served till Nov. 9, 1914, when he died in office. L. J. Rowan, 
then the vice-president, served as the Acting President, till the end of 
that session and was for the second time, called to the presidency of 
the college, and as such is serving at this writing. 



1 




MAGNOLIA— STATE FLOWER OF MISSISSIPPI 



THE MAGNOLIA. 



STATE FLOWER OF MISSISSIPPI. 



By Mrs. Dunbar Rowland. 

At the request of the teachers and pupils of the State of Mississippi, 
an election for the purpose of selecting a State Flower was held on 
November 28, 1900. The vote was confined to the pupils of the schools 
and the Secretary of State, Col. J. L. Power, received returns from 
237 schools, 23,278 votes having been cast, of which the magnolia re- 
ceived 12,745, the cotton bloom 4,171 and the Cape Jasmine 2,584. 
It was very fortunate that the Cape Jasmine was not selected since 
while adapting itself readily to our climate, it is not a native of the 
State, the exquisite Yellow Jasmine, a graceful vine with a profu- 
sion of deep yellow, very fragrant blossoms being the variety indigenous 
to our soil. The Cotton Bloom, which received the next highest vote 
to the magnolia, also appeals strongly to the people of Mississippi and 
has been adopted by the State Federation of Womens' Clubs. 

It was, however, the idealistic aspiration and temperament that pre- 
vailed in the selection of our State Flower, and no more appropriate 
nor plfasing choice could have been made than that of the stately 
Magnolia-Grandiflora, the marvelous beauty of which has attracted the 
admiration of all botanists and lovers of nature. Magnificent forests 
of this superb evergreen tree are found in the southern portion of 
Mississippi, while tall specimens loom along the rivers and streams 
for many miles above the coast line and are seen in groves or solitary 
position in the cities and hamlets throughout the State. In Jackson, 
the Capital of the State, a number of graceful, young trees adorn the 
grounds of the new State Capitol, while others of a size varying from 
immense forest trees to slim, young saplings grow on the lawns of 
the handsome homes of the city. 















/ 



656 STATE FLOWER— THE MAGNOLIA 

In botanical classification, the magnolia belongs to the order Mag- 
noliaceae. It contains about twenty species found in Japan. China, 
the Himalayas and North America. It was named for Pierre Magnol, 
a Professor of Medicine and Botany of Montpellier, France. The 
various varieties grow from the size of shrubs to towering forest treas, 
the Magnolia Cr.mpbeliii of India reaching the height of one hundred 
and fifty feet, with a girth of from six to twelve feet. It bears large 
white and deep rose colored flowers of an immense size, which appear 
before the leaves. This tree, though one of the handsomest species, is 
not an evergreen. 

The flowers of the different groups of magnolia are white, cream- 
white, rose, purple and a stria of these colors. In several varieties, 
the large solitary flowers have a calyx of three sepals, a corolla of six 
to twelve petals and numerous carpels and stamens. The fruit, notes 
the Encyclopedia Britannica, consists of a number of follicles which 
are borne on a more or less conical receptacle,, and dehisce along the 
outer edge to alow the scarlet seed to escape; the seed, however, re- 
main suspended by a long slender thread (the funicle). One of the 
earliest varieties known is the Magnolia Yulan or Conspicuna, which 
was first cultivated in China where it was used as a flavoring for rice 
and as a medicine, the wood being of little value. It was introduced 
into Europe in 1786. 

While many attractive varieties of the magnolia exist in various 
parts of the world, the most beautiful specimen, with the possible ex- 
ception of the Campbel'ii, which forms one of the most striking feat- 
ures of the scenery of Darjeeling, is the Magnolia Grandiflora, a na- 
tive growth of Mississippi and one of the most magnificent trees of the 
American forests. Several other North American varieties are found 
.in the State, among which are the cordata, macrophylla, glauca and 
auriculatta; the European varieties have also been successfully intro- 
duced. The most superb specimen, however, as has already been ob- 
served, is the towering Grandiflora, sometimes called by botanists the 
"laurel Magnolia." While a native of the entire Southeastern States, 
it comes to perfection alone in the far South and grows nowhere in 
the world as it does in the State of Mississippi. This variety has 
coriaceous, oval leaves and large, very fragrant, cream-white blossoms 
measuring from six to eight inches across. It flowers in May and 
June with an occasional bloom as late as the middle of July. Glori- 
ana of the Mississippi flora, it is a perpetual delight, and holds a place 
in the affections of the people in some such sense as a sacred tree. 

After the white blossoms have disappeared, a plentiiul crop of olive 
green cones take their place from which, in time, is suspended by al- 
most invisible threads, a fringe of scarlet se cl, making brilliant 
*piotches of co or among the shining green foliage daring the autumn. 
The dried cones strew the ground in winter when the dark green fol- 



STATE FLOWER— THE MAGNOLIA 657 

iage, though stung by the icy breath of numberless frosts, responds 
with a glossier green than ever. When the tree is ready for its spring 
awakening, the tender apple-green leaves shoot out so rapidly along 
its branches that the disappearance of last year's foliage, falling inci- 
dentally as it were, is scarcely noticeable. 

This stately tree, the cherished flower of a land of democracy, 
though aristocratic in appearance and mien, is nevertheless wholly 
democratic in growth and habit. In the deepwoods it flourishes close 
up beside its fellows and when removed to isolated positions on lawns 
and in gardens, accommodates itself equally as well to its new environ- 
ment. Here, as in the forest, it struggles for mastery, often to the dis- 
advantage of the royal rose and lily and other green things growing 
about it. For this reason and the fact of its casting its foliage 
throughout the spring, admired as it is by the people, many city resi- 
dents hesitate to plant it on small lawns. 

Several interesting, historical accounts of this stately tree appear 
in the early records of provincial Mississippi. In 1777, John Bartram 
was sent by the Botanical Society of London to explore the flora of 
the Gulf Coast region and he there beheld in absolute perfection the 
Magnolia Grandifiora. The great forests and groves of these hand- 
some trees, with their massive green foliage and superb, white blos- 
soms, must have held for him a deep fascination since countless refer- 
ences are made to them in his observations around Natchez, which are 
today preserved in the Mississippi Historical Department. 

Sir William Dunbar, the Mississippi Scientist, was also enamored 
of the tree and gave a glowing account of its marvelous beauty in his 
official report to the Spanish Government, a bit of which word painting 
we quote: 

"One of the grandest and most admirable productions is the Mag- 
nolia Major eminently beautiful from the shining deep green of its 
leaves on the upper side, and an elegant tender buff color of the re- 
verse, exhibiting one of the most glorious flowers of nature of the tulip 
kind and when full blown is not less than eight inches in diameter, 
shedding a most delicious perfume. It is one of the most perfect of 
evergreens, retaining the full lustre of its foliage during the winter." 
His observation that it would not yield to domestication has been 
proved an erroneous opinion. 

It is a happy coincidence that the State of Mississippi, also derives 
its nickname from the Magnolia, being known in the sisterhood of 
States as the "Magnolia State." 

The following verses are presented with this article with the hope 
that it will call forth other and better tributes to our beautiful State 
Flower, the Magnolia Grandifiora — Regnant Queen of the Mississippi 
Forest: 

42— m. 


















































/ 



658 STATE FLOWER— THE MAGNOLIA 



THE MAGNOLIA. 

An evergreen tree in our fair land grows, 
(How kind of Heaven to bestow it!) 

O'er our pioneer fathers it spread its cool shade, 
And their children came early to know it. 

It grows on the hill in the deepwood and vale, 
And the mocking birds nest in its bower; 

In June its blossoms star valley and glen — 
The summerland's wealthiest dower. 

O, fragrant white bloom, so stately and pure, 
For its rare perfection we chose it, 

With a yearning deep in our heart of hearts 
To make ourselves worthy of it. 

Fair symbol of the hopes a people hold dear, 
From green bough to beautious flower, 

No leaflet shall fade 'neath the blighting touch 
Of the ruthless despot's power. 

The feet of the tyrant shall never pollute 
The soil where our rivers are flowing, 

And none but the free shall inhabit the land 
Where the white Magnolia is growing. 



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HISTORY OP PIRST MISSISSIPPI 
INFANTRY 



BY SERGEANT MAJOR G. H. SMITH 

On the call of the President of the United States, June 18th, 1916 for 
troops to suppress trouble with the Mexicans on the border, Mississippi 
offered such companies in the first, second, fourth and fifth indepen- 
dent Battalions of Infantry and such separate companies of Infantry 
Mississippi National Guard that had withstood the rigid Federal In- 
spection a few months previous, as the First Regiment of Infantry. 
The Companies selected with date of reporting at Livingston Park, 
Jackson, Miss, with officers and men, as follows: — 

Offl- 

First Independent Battalion of Infantry. Date cers Men 
Co. A, Hattiesburg, later Co. G, 1st Miss. Inf 6/22 3 140 

Second Independent Battalion of Infantry- 
Co. C, Columbus, Later Co. I, 1st Miss. Inf 6/25 3 99 

Co. G, West Point, later Co. L, 1st Miss. Inf 6/25 3 91 

• Fourth Independent Battalion of Infantry. 

Co. D, Yazoo City, later Co. E, 1st Miss. Inf 6/22 3 75 

Co. F. Jackson, later Co. F. 1st Miss. Inf. 6/19 3 76 

Co. H, Brookhaven, later Co. H, 1st Miss. Inf 6/22 3 129 

Co. K, Kosciusko, later Co. K, 1st Miss. Inf 6/25 3 81 

Fifth Independent Battalion of Infantry. 

Co. B, Natchez, later Co. B, 1st Miss. Inf 6/25 2 84 

Co. C. Greenville, later Co. C, 1st Miss. Inf 6/25 3 90 

Co. I, Vicksburg, later Co. D, 1st Miss. Inf 6/22 3 130 

1st Independent Co. of Infantry, Arkabutla, later Co. M..6/25 3 77 

2nd Independent Co. of Infantry, Vicksburg, later Co. A.. 6/25 3 84 

1st Independent Band, Jackson 6/19 30 









' 









660 HISTORY OF FIRST MISSISSIPPI INFANTRY 

The field and Staff Officers were selected as follows: 

Major George C. Hoskins, 4th. Indpt. Bn.. as Colonel. 

Major E. B. Boyd, 2nd. Indpt. Bn., as Lieutenant Colonel. 

Major William C. O'Ferrall. 

Major George E. Hogaboom. 3th. Indpt. Bn., as Major 1st. Battalion. 

Major Charles R. Dalbey, 1st. Indpt. Bn. as Major 2nd. Battalion. 

Major Andrew H. Patterson, unassigned list, as Major 3rd. Battalion. 

Captain C. 0. Heiss, unassigned list, as Captain and Adjutant. 

Captain R. L. Montgomery, unassigned list, as Captain and Quarter- 
master. 

Captain Sam W. Clark, 1st Lt. and Adj. 2nd. Indpt Bn. Inf. as Capt. 
and Com. 

1st. Lt. T. M. Robinson. 5th Indpt. Bn., as 1st Lt. and Adj. 1st. Bn. 

1st Lt. Burton H. Storm, 5th Indpt. Bn. as 1st. Lt. and Adj. 2nd. Bn. 

1st. Lt. Charles E. Feltus, 1st. Indpt. Bn. as 1st. Lt. and Adj. 3rd. Bn. 

On July 14th, 1916, Captain H. O. Heiss was relieved as Adjutant of 
the Regiment and placed in command of Company H, vice Captain 
Joseph Storm, discharged. Captain H. N. Scales, Q. M. Corps, Mis- 
sissippi National Guard was chosen to fill the vacancy caused by the 
transfer of Captain Heiss. 

On July 12th, 1916, Company E, 1st. Independent Battalion Infantry 
was ordered to Jackson, Miss. This Company under command of Cap- 
tain E. F. Bartlett was assigned as Company M to take the place of 
the men who refused to take the Federal Oath (Arkabutla Company, 
Brookhaven Company and Columbus Company) Captain J. C. Sheffield, 
Company M was transferred to the command of Company I, vice Cap- 
tain W. C. Mullens, deceased. 

On October 1st, 1916, Company B, 2nd Independent Battalion of In- 
fantry Aberdeeen, Miss., was ordered to Jackson, Miss. They reported 
on October 3rd., 1916 with one officer and twenty-five men, fifteen of 
whom passed the physical examination. These men with others from 
various organizations from the 1st Miss. Inf. was formed into the Ma- 
chine Gun Company and was commanded by Captain Sam W. Clark. 

On October 8th, 1916 the Supply Company was formed of men from 
various companies of the First Mississippi infantry and was com- 
manded by Captain R. I. Montgomery. 

On October 8th, 1916 the Headquarters Company was formed of Band, 
Non-commissioned Staff and men detailed from various companies in 
the Regiment, to the command of which Captain H. N. Scales was as- 
signed. 

On October 13th., 1916, the Regiment was ordered to report to cne 
Commanding General, Southeastern Department at Fort Sarn Houston, 
Texas. The Regiment left Jackson, Mississippi, on October 17th, 1^16, 
arriving at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, on the 19th; then went into 



HISTORY OF FIRST MISSISSIPPI INFANTRY 661 

camp immediately and were put in the 1st Brigade, 12th, Provisional 
Division with the 2nd. Kansas Infantry and the 7th Illinois Infantry. 
On about the 27th. of October, the 2nd West Virginia was assigned to 
the 1st Brigade, relieving the 2nd. Kansas who were ordered to Fort 
Riley, Kansas for muster out of the Federal service. 

On November the 3rd. the 1st Miss. Infantry. 2nd. West Virginia of 
the 1st. Brigade and the 3rd., District of Columbia of the 2nd. Bri- 
gade was formed into a provisional brigade commanded by Colonel L. 
W. V. Kennon, 9th., United States Infantry and ordered to march to 
New Beaunfiels, Texas, a distance of thirty-five miles. The first night 
out was spent at Luxello, Texas, a distance of fifteen miles. The next 
afternoon the Brigade arrived at Landas Park, near New Braunfiels, 
Texas and went into camp, the men in good condition and excellent 
spirits. Sunday was spent in camp and Monday morning the Brigade 
proceeded on their return to Fort Sam Houston, Texas, spending the 
first night at Luxello, Texas and reaching Fcrt Sam Houston, Texas 
the next day at about 1:00 P. M. 

On December 4th, 1916, the same Provisional Brigade proceeded to 
Leon Springs, Texas, a distance of twenty-six miles, for rifle practice, 
remaining there until December 21st, 1916, when they returned to Fort 
Sam Houston, Texas, arriving there in the early morning of the 22nd. 

The Regiment remained at Fort Sam Houston, Texas until March 
the 19th., 1917 when they were ordered to Jackson, Miss., for muster 
out of the Federal service, reaching Camp Jackson, Miss., on the 
morning of March 21st, 1917. The regiment was mustered out at 8:00 
A. M. in the morning, March 27th., 1917. At 1:00 P. M. orders were re- 
ceived from the War Department to muster the Regiment back into 
the service on account of the serious relations existing between United 
States and the Imperial German Government. The strength of the 
regiment at muster out was fifty-six officers and 1178 men. More than 
2300 men have been in this regiment at some time or other since June 
19, 1916, approximately 1000 having received discharge from the serv- 
ice. At one time the morning reports showed 55 officers and 1G87 
men in the regiment. 

The Mississippi Medical Corps of Hickory. Miss., commanded by Ma- 
jor J. W. D. Dicks of Natchez. Miss., was attached to the 1st Mississippi 
Infantry during its service. Much credit is due the Officers and men 
of this command for the efficient way ih which the health of the men 
and the sanitation of the camps was handled, only two men dying dur- 
ing the nine months service, and these two men died after they had 
been removed to the Base Hospital at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, from 
under the jurisdiction and care of our medical officers. 



* It is the purpose of the State Historical Department to preserve and 
publish a complete record of .-'.11 Mississippi soldiers in the World War. This 
record is the only one available tor publication at this date, August 4. 1917. 



- 



662 



HISTORY OF FIRST MISSISSIPPI INFANTRY 



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711 



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Sbuqualak, Miss 
Monroe Co., Miss 
Vicksburg, Miss. 

Macon, Miss 

Glocester, Miss.. 
Farrell, Miss.... 

Farrell, Miss 

Chicago, 111 

Lumberton, Miss 
Sunirall, Miss. . . 
Monroe Co., Miss 
Monro e Co., Miss 
Pontotoc, Miss.. . 
Hinds Co., Miss. 
Hazel hurst, Miss 
Liberty, Miss. . . 
Hazellmrst, Miss 

Turkey 

Osonee, Ga 

Canton, Ohio.. . . 
Aberdeen, Miss.. 
Rosedale, Miss.. 

Macon, Miss 

Macon, Miss 

Hamburg, Miss. . 
Belzoni, Miss.. . . 
Greenville, Miss. 
Aberdeen, Miss. . 


Occupation. 




















Deputy Sherif 

Planter 

Civil Service . 
Dairyman .. . 
Teacber .... 

Farmer 

Student 

Electrician .. 
Exp. Messgr. . 

Student 

Farmer 

Farmer 

Lawyer 

Farmer 

Farmer 

Lineman .... 

Barber 

Show Mgr. . . 
Carpenter 
Sign Writer . 

Farmer 

Cotton Buyer 

Farmer 

Clerk 

Farmer 

Farmer 

Painter 

Salesman . . . 


Residence. 












............................. 


Macon, Miss 

Hamilton, Miss. 
Vicksburg, Miss. 
Macon, Miss. 
Gloster, Miss. . . 
Farrell, Miss... 

Farrell, Miss 

Edwards, Miss. . . 
Hattiesburg, Miss 
Sunirall, Miss... 
Aberdeen, Miss. 
Aberdeen, Miss. . 
Houston, Miss. . 
Aberdeen, Miss. . 
Hazelluirst, Miss 
West Point, Miss 
Hazelhurst, Miss 
Jackson, Miss.. . 
Lumberton, Miss 

Keene, N. H 

Netlleton, Miss. 
Merigold, Miss... 

Macon, Miss 

Macon, Miss 

Hamburg, Miss. 
Wesson, Miss. . . 
Greenville, Miss. 
Aberdeen, Miss. 


a 










• • • • • * * • • • * • • • • • ; *, * • ; 












'.'.'.'.'.'.'.>'.'.'.'.'..'.'.'.'..'.'..'....'.. 


:::::: :* : : : : : : :'t ::::::> :^ J 

& 'rt ?- * '*-< '/3"-> 3 »< O r« O !h S ■" '-' rti *■< O 



S 










lark, Samuel W. . 
tye, Burnie D. . . . 
lush, Martin M.. . 
)ent, Henry M. . ~ 
idams, Cbarles M 
laber, Bernard B. 
laber, James C. . . 
anner, Stephen. . 
.alson, Arthur C. 
ethea. John D... 
ittle. Milly Mc. .. 
little, Taylor ... 
•radlord, Paul W. 
Irougher, Earle.. . 
rown, Xorniaii. . . 
utler, Kent L. . . . 
annon, Tail on. . . 
hristopher, .Mike 

'obb, Willie I) 

Jorey, Leslie D. . . 
'ox, Jennings B. . 
Jurry, liobert P. . 
)ent, William E.. 
)ent, Willis W... 
)odds, Prentiss F. 

Durham, Joe 

:de, Llew Ellyn Y 
:gger, James M.. . 






712 



HISTORY OF FIRST MISSISSIPPI IXFANTRY 





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ckory, Miss, 
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ia M N N M M N CO M M 


OOnrKAMMONHtti'MHHnSOAOO 

c^i c-i cn a <m ci co ^i cm w cm m w w h f i h n 


Fayette, Miss 

Hermanville, Miss. 

Macon, Miss 

Artesia, Miss. 
Vicksburg, Miss... 
Water Valley, Miss. 

Reform, Ala 

Bigbee, Val., Miss, 
llazlehurst, Miss.. 
Ft. Smith, Ark 


Canada 

Lincoln Co., Miss. 
Philadelphia, Miss. 
Lowndes Co., Miss. 
Dayton Co., Miss.. 

Sontag, Miss 

Vicksburg, Miss.. . 
Franklin Co., Miss. 

Sontag, Miss 

Mon (g'y Co., Miss. 

Conger, Miss 

Kosciusko, Miss... 
Choctaw Co., Miss. 
Columbus, Miss. . . 
Hermanville, Miss. 

Regonton, Miss 

Choctaw, Miss 

Columbus, Miss. . . 


# o 
ec$- 

O 


. * '*••■' * ' * ' ' .... 












j_> * 


Gen. R. R. Ag 

Farmer 

Cotton Classer 

Clerk 

Clerk 

Lumberman .. 
Salesman .... 

Farmer 

Cook 

Boilermaker . 


Lumberman .. 

Laborer 

Laborer 

Lumberman .. 
Storeman .... 

Fireman 

Farmer ...... 

Mill Man .... 

Laborer 

Farmer 

Fanner 

Farmer 

Farmer 

Mill Man .... 

Clerk 

Timber Cutter 

Farmer 

Ship Clerk ... 


a3 
« 




!.'.'. '. '..'.. .' 




m 


Natchez, Miss 

Hermanville, Miss 

Macon, Miss 

Artesia, Miss 

Vicksburg, Miss. . 

Jackson, Miss 

Columbus, Miss. . . 
Bigbee Valley, Mis* 

Meridian, Miss 

Vicksburg, Miss... 
Hattiesburg, Miss. 
Brookhaven, Miss. 
Philadelphia. Miss 
Columbus, Miss. . . 
Hattiesburg, Miss. 

Sontag, Miss 

Vicksburg, Miss.. . 
Eddieeton, Miss.. . 

Sontag, Miss 

Greenwood, Miss.. 
Indianola, Miss. . . 
Kosciusko, Miss.. . 

Olah, Miss 

Columbus, Miss. . . 

Natchez, Miss 

Hermanville, Miss 
Cleveland, Miss... 
Columbus, Miss. . . 






















< . ...... 






Captain .. 
2nd Lieut. 
Rgt. Sup. £ 

1st Sgt... 

Mess Sgt. 

Stable Sg 

Cook 

Horseshoei 


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Montgomery, Robert 
Herrington, Robert 
Dent, William E. . . 
Mitchell, John V... 
Kiernan, Loyd J. . . 
Smith. Edward W. 
Branch, Clyde C. .. 
Patty, William H.. 
Ainsworth, George. 
Offutt, Robert E..\. 


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HISTORY OP FIRST MISSISSIPPI INFANTRY 



717 



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, Miss. 


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o is T! 






STATISTICS FOE MISSISSIPPI 

1910-1917 



ESTIMATES OF POPULATION, 1917 



County. 



Esti- 
mated 
popula- 
tion. 



Males 
21-50 

years, 
both in- 
clusive. 



Adams ; 25,265 

Alcorn j 2u,474 

Amite , 24,592 

Attala '. 30,751 

Benton : 10,245 

Bolivar ■ 58,744 

Calhoun ! 18,613 

Carroll [ 23,886 

Chickasaw I 25,002 

Choctaw | 15,322 

Claiborne : 17,403 

Clarke I 24,469 

Clay ; 20,671 

Coahoma i 40,000 

Copiah I 37,023 

Covington • j 21,135 

De Soto ' 23,130 

Forrest i 28,031 

Franklin , > 16,298 

George 1 7,420 

Greene ! 6,803 

Grenada I 16,906 

Hancock ! 11,207 

Harrison ! 37 ,096 

j Jackson (city) ! 31,104 

/Hinds ! 40,761 

Holmes ' i0,73S 

Issaquena j 10,676 

Itawamba j 15,243 

Jackson j 17,374 

Jasper j 20,762 

Jefferson i 18,221 

Jefferson Davis I 16,074 

Jones ! 38,673 

Kemper j 20,348 

Lafayette ! 21,883 

Lamar \ 15,743 

Lauderdale | 53,321 

Lawrence I 16,349 

Leake 18,984 

Lee | 33,958 



2,249 
1,822 
2,189 
2,737 

912 
5,228 
1,657 
2,126 
2,225 
1,364 
1,549 
2,178 
1,840 
3,560 
3,295 
1.881 
2,059 
2,495 
1,451 

600 

605 
1,505 

997 
3,302 
2,768 
3,628 

'oio 

1,357 
1,546 
1,848 
1,622 
1,431 
3,442 
1,811 
1,94* 
1,402 
4,746 
1,455 
1,690 
3,022 



County. 


i 

I Esti- 
i mated 
1 popula- 
! tion. 


Males 
21-30 
years, 
both in- 
clusive. 


Leflore 

Lincoln 

Lowndes 


.... 45,381 

; 33,739 

....! 31,877 
j 34,243 


4.039 
3,003 

2,>37 

3,043 




: 15,922 


1,417 


Marshall 


i 26,796 

I 38,070 


2,38-5 
3,:388 


Montgomery 

Neshoba 


...J 18,559 
....! 21,816 
j 25,551 


1,652 
1.942 
2,274 




i 2&.503 


2,537 


Oktibbeha 


....: 19,676 
! 32,912 


1,751 
2,929 


Pearl River ....... 


| 14,208 

, 10,395 


1,265 

t-25 


Pike 


....'• "9,372 


2.614 




j 20.719 


1,844 




17,765 


1,581 




; 16,087 


1,432 


Rankin 


26,124 

.... 18,479 


2,325 
1,645 




.... 18,260 


1,6^5 




20,413 


1,817 




19,L91 


1,708 




7,531 


670 


Sunflower 

1 Tallahatchie 

1 Tat»> 


38,058 

o-J , !TJO 

19.714 


3.387 

3,-14 
1,755 




15, ©t4 


1,409 


Tisnomingo 


: 15,215 

20,227 


1,354 
1,800 




20,803 


1,851 


■ Walthall 


20,000 


1,780 




' 37,488 


3,336 




: 48,933 


4,355 


1 Wayne 


; 16,292 

15,753 


1,450 
1 , 402 




• 18,075 


1,609 


1 Winston 


:• 19,338 

; 22,817 


1,721 
2,031 


Yazoo 


48,660 


4,331 



•Prepared specially by the Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, for 
the Department of Archives and History. The Director of the Department takes great 
pleasure in thanking Mr. W. L. Harris for the excellent work. 



-f '• • (£-»r£ 



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THE COTTON PLANT 



STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 



719 



TABLE II. — POPULATION BY COUNTIES — 1790-1870. 



WHITE. 



Counties. 


1S70 


1860 ! 

i 


1850 


1840 ! 


1S30 


1820 1 


1=10 


1800 j 

i 


^1790 


Total 


382,896 


1 
3^3,899 " 


295.718 


j 
179,074 j 


70,443 


I 

42,176 


a6,422 
16,602 


a733 

4,416 1 




Variances from 
former official 
totals 




I 






| 


1 






















Adams 


4,797 : 
7,663 ' 
4,196 ; 

8,828 ! 


5,648 | 


3,948 


4,910 


3,;6J 


4,005 ' 


4,255 


2,248 




Almite 


4,427 
9,142 j 


3,641 
7,571 


3,741 ! 
2,955 


3,816 


4,006 i 



3,312 

a067 






Attala 




Baldwin 




Bolivar 


1,900 ; 
8,561 
9,497 ; 
9,830 1 

12,526 
3,390 
4,073 
1,763 

10,217 
3,106 

14,276 
3,198 
1,666 
3,929 
3,053 
4,368 
9,829 
6,145 
741 
6,826 
3,167 
5,801 
3,215 
3.005 
5,706 

10,819 
7,051 
3,678 
5,491 

11,100 

7*480 
5,809 
2,562 
12,917 
8,631 
s 419 
?>,&<•> 
5,107 
5,587 
8,1G> 
1,971 
5,990 
9,513 
7, .'91 

4-680 
3,569 
5,415 
1,772 


1,393 ! 
7,695 i 
8,214 | 
7,333 ! 
11,525 ! 
3,339 j 
5,692 j 
1,521 i 
7,432 j 
2,£ 45 
9.349 i 
3.498 ! 
1,526 j 


395 


3$4 




" 1 


I 








1 


Carroll 


8,653 
9,887 
8,420 
3,449 
3,823 
1,387 
6,303' 
2 222 
9! 487 
2,540 
1,379 


5,136 
2,148 : 
4,443 
3.232 
2,076 
766 
5,161 
1,861 ; 
3,975 
2,063 
1,207 l 




":;"""! 


1 - 


Chickasaw 

Choctaw 











3,5.-9 


2,840 






Clark 




1 









i "' '• 


Copiah 

Covington 

E>e Soto 


5,238 
1.E49 

2^-ii-i' 

1,316 


1^824" 

"2^277" 
1,063 




YYYYYYY. 

1,26b 


Y.YYYY. 





Franklin 




Grenada 




Hancock 


2,282 ! 
3, '751 ! 
8,940 ; 
5,806 j 
587 1 
14,156 

6,453 1 
2,918 
2.916 ! 
5,936 : 
8,989 j 
8,224 ! 
5,513 j 
6,2*;6 j 


2,444 
3,378 


2,237 


1,345 


1,142 




;•■•;;•• 


Hinds 


8,690 

5,547 

3T.6 

11,295 

4,293 
2,1.34 
1.887 
7,138 
8,346 
6,052 
3,5-i9 
3,982 


6,778 j 
3,852 | 


5,419 



Y^Y^'.'. t '.'.'.'".'.'. 







Holmes 










4,652 

2,701 
2,389 : 
1,094 

4,612 
3,076 
3,992 : 
, 3,648 
1,614 










Jackson 

Jasper 

Jefferson 


3,038 
1 ,309 


3,154 


•2,ika 


1 

" 2,198 \YYYYY. 


Kemper 

Lafayette 




1 












: 


Lawrence 


3,477 


3,919 ; 


1 


Lee 
















6,891 ! 

2,500 ! 
11,376 ! 
8,545 j 
6,131 : 
6,279 I 
5,171 
5.328 

1*858 

6,174 ! 

14,513 ; 


6,523 
4, :32S 
2,215 

14,271 
9,418 
3,393 
3,432 
4,976 
4,309 
5,021 
1,679 
4,225 

12, L- 6 


5 , 730 

3,986 j 

! 2,121 ! 

9,258 
5,146 
1,693 
1,930 

3,817 

' 2,064 

2 237 

1^425 

1 3,756 1 

; 2,695 


2.104 
2,781 
1,970 

2,90* 










Madison 


"l]884 
2,192 


a3,745 




Marshall' 

Monroe 












........ 


Noxubee 

Oktibbeha 

Pauolu 

Perry 

Pike 

Pontotoc 



















• 




"i*46o' 
3,797 


1 539 i 






3,443 j j, 











Rankin 


5,180 
3,744 i 
5,435 ! 
1.102 i 


3,940 

3,' 190 

3,073 
348 


l,lb9 
j 2,473 i 
: 1,5*2 | 


1,690 






Simpson 


2,014 






[ 1 




Sunflower 




1 r--- 





720 



STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 



TABLE II. — POPULATION BY COUNTIES — 1790-1870. — Cont'd 

WHITE— Continued. 



Counties. 



j ill 

1S70 I860 i 1850 1S40 1830 1820 I 1810 ! 1SO0 ' 1790 



Tallahatchi3 .... 3,215 

Tippah 15,536 

Tishemingo 6,^9 

Tunica 1,231 

Warren 7,907 

Washington 2,164 

Wayne j 2,570 

Wilkinson 2,69s 

Winston 5,572 

Yaiabusna 6,202 

Yazoo 4,^ 



2,835 


2,096 


16,206 


15,807 


10,130 


13 , 528 


883 


3 6 


6,806 


5,906 


1,212 


546 


1,744 


1,499 


2, 1 79 


3,6^4 


5,583 


3,178 


7,415 


8,652 


5,657 


4,069 



1,392 ! ! 

7,309 ! | j. 

5,852 ! j ] 

566 ; 

5,223 2,356, j 1,401 | 622 ! . 

654 785 ' a2,010 j a733 . 

1,141 1,704 : 2,250 ] 972 ! ! . 

3,269 3,7i9 | 3,y37 I 2, .32 I 

3,061 j j j. 

6,640 ' ! j i. 

3,116 4,073 i j I i. 



FREE COLORED. 



Countits. 


j 1870 | 

- 1 j 


I860 


1850 

j 

i 


1840 j 

I 


1830 


1820 

[ 


1810 j 


1800 


1790 


Total 


! i 

.. ; 444,201 | 


773 


930 ! 


j 
1,366 i 


519 


1 
458 i 


a59 ! 
181 1 


a23 

159 





Variances from 
former official 
totals 



Adams 


14, '..87 

2,768 
6,777 
5,948 


225 


258 ; 283 


135 118 


76 


155 






9 

10 


3 29 29 ! 14 


16 ! : 


4ttala 


8 ; 266 




1 






343 


l 


Bolivar 7,816 

Calhoun : 2,000 





2 1 








J | 


19 


26 1 
2 1 

-i 6 
42 93 
6 1 
2 • 




I 


Chickasaw ; 10,069 1 










Claiborne 

Clark 

Coahoma 


9.996 

3,432 

5,381 
10,390 

1,647 
17 ,745 

3,300 
372 

6,642 


44* 

3 

i' 



15* 

1 


63 33 


12 




.... 


1 


11 ! 7 
2 ! 1 
2 6 

14 13 
1 


9 j 


" 






Covington 

De Soto 

Franklin 


2 








.. :.i ::::::: 









3 i I 


13 










Grenada 

Hancock 




i 










12 74 

25 4 ') 
4 31 


64 j 131 
14 






1,427 : "3 
20,6*9 3 5 






Hinds 


. 




1 ' *'..r 


Issaquena 6,146 

Itawamba U.6 J 11 












Jasper 

Jefferson 


4! 898 5 

iu,<>« ! 35 


4 , 2 
66 \ ■■ 85 


"* 




17 j 33 


20 


4 





STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 



721 



TABLE II. — POPULATION BY COUNTIES — 1790-1870. — Cont'd 



FREE COLORED— Continued. 



Counties. 


1870 


I860 


1850 


1840 


1830 | 1820 j 1810 


! 

1800 | 1790 
J 


Jones 


308 

7,214 

7.9S3 

6,411 

3,042 

3,005 

4,855 

4,162 

23,022 

15,139 

1,649 

16,499 

14.000 

1,703 

3,3a6 

15,798 

9,3H 

12,585 

723 

5,312 

3,012 

1,754 

3^7 
2,1.9 
1,711 
3,243 
4,637 
5,091 
741 
4,127 

18, £62 

12,405 
1,636 

10,007 
3,403 
7,052 

12,395 


5 

7 
1 
4 
2 


1 
4 

4 


13 

13 


1 


1 


1 


Kemper 






Lafayette 






1 


Lauderdale 




! 




Lawrence 


9 


6 




| 




2 


6 




1 ;; 






! 


1 












j 




Lowndes 


1 

I 

9 


i 


% 


5 

25 

6 


" 


1 




1 a6 

j 








Marshall 


1 
37 


8 
21 


1 


:::::;:::::::::: 




14 


n ::::::: - 










3 


1 


1 

1 
15 

5 
10 
21 

3 








iEfeiEE! 


i 


Oktibbeha 


18 

10 

26 
4 




18 
3 
10 
33 
8 


! 






; 




15 1 7 


::::::::!::....:: 


Pike 


3 1 














1 













2 

12' 

8 


11 

• 


3 
2 


2 


! 




Scott 






1 


Simpson 


6 






i 


Smith 






1 












! 




1 

13 

9 

37* 



22 
5 
6 




' 2 
1 
1 
4 

104 
6 

30 








:::::::::::::::: 


Tippah 


6 

1 

1 

28 

. 7 

"36 
10 
9 




i 


1 


Tishemingo 











i 


! 




" 22 

7 

1 

26 


5 i 19 
1 aio 

8 i 19 
20 j 6 


::::::::i:::::::: 


Washington 


a23 j 




1 i 




1 ! 




7 

25 




1 


::;■::•:•::::::;:■:-: 




2 












1 


1 


1 ! 



SLAVE. 



Counties. 


1870 


1 1 
1860 1850 j 1840 


1830 | 1820 

! 


1810 


1800 


1790 


Total 




430,631 ! 309; 878 195,211 


I 
643. 659 ' 32,814 


a2,565 
14.523 


a491 

2,995 ! 








Variances from 
former official 
totals 


! 1 ■ 1 


i 





Adams 
Alcorn 
Amite 



, 14,292 14.3U5 14,241 , 10,942 7,953 j 5,671 

.1 i i j ' 

J 7,900 I 6,050 5,741 | 4,089 I 2,833 * 1,422 '. 



46— m 



/22 



STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 



TABLE II. — POPULATION BY COUNTIES — 1790-1870. — Cont'd 

SLAVE— Continued. 



Counties. 


1870 


1860 


1850 


1840 


1830 


1820 


1810 


1800 


1790 


1 
Attala ! 


5,015 


3,412 


1,082 






i ...; | 


Baldwin i 








Bolivar I ! 9.078 


2,180 


971 


:::::::: 







Calhoun j 


1,823 
13,808 






, 


Carroll ! 


9,812 
6,480 
2,tf7S 
11,450 
1,648 
1,391 
5,450 
1,114 
9,553 
3,350 
635 


5,344 

806 

1,564 

9,753 

909 

524 

3,786 

855 

3,021 

2,699 

429 









(.. .. 


Cnickasaw , 


9,087 

4,197 

12/296 

5,076 
5,085 
7,965 
1,563 
13,987 
4,752 











Choctaw j 








1 


Claiborne ! 


6,165 




3,037 




1,538 


1 


Clark | 


i 


Coahoma | 










Copiah i 


1,754 

700 






1 ' ..." 


Covington ! 


406 




:::::;:::::::::: 


De Soto 1 







Franklin j 


2,207 
538 


1,535 
380 


735 


i 


Greene j 


705 


... 


Grenada i 




i 


Hancock ! 857 


1,216 
1,441 
16,625 
8.377 
4 , 105 


• 1,056 


553 


321 




! 


Harrison j 


1,015 
22,363 

11,975 
7,244 
3,528 
1,087 
4,549 

12,396 

407 

5.741 




I 


Hinds j 

Holmes \ 


12,275 

5,566 


3,212 ; 














Itawamba i 


2,127 

J.SS7 

10,493 
274 
5,378 
5,719 
2,661 
2,9^9 
1,54, 


720 

1,255 
9,176 

164 
3,040 
2,842 
1,353 
2,272 

542 


........j.. ...... 




I 


Jackson j 




321 




! 








6,700 
161 


3,635 


1,792 


738 








Kemper i 












Lafayette ! 7.129 


....... 






5,088 
S.fiWtt 


!""" 










1,807 


991 

















Lee 1 

















:::::::: 


1 




16,730 

18,118 

2,185 

17,439 

12,729 

2,212 

3,379 

15,496 

7,631 

8,557 

738 

4,9-15 

7,5yo 


12,993 
13,543 
2,195 
15,417 
11,717 
1,335 
1,032 
11,323 
4,844 
6,420 
749 

4^968 


8,771 

11,533 

1,700 

8,260 

4,083 

744 

546 

6,157 

2,197 

2,415 

454 

2,374 

1,593 


1,064 
2,167 
1,715 








Madison i 


'Y,232' 


a94» 





Marshall 






Monroe | 


943 


522 








i 




!"." 






Noxubee J 


' j 










] 




1 




* 




820 
1 rj 2 


491 
994 






Pfke 














i 






j 










7,103 
2,959 
2,324 
2,195 
3,917 
5,054 
6,331 
4,981 
3,4te3 
13,763 
14,467 
1,947 


3,276 

1,182 

1,541 

9y8 

754 

2,547 

4,928 

1,961 

917 

12,096 

7,836 

1,393 

13,200 

8,597 
10,340 


1,851 
462 
907 
419 


386 
























660 






: 

























1,591 
2,134 

526 
251 

10,493 

6,627 

979 

10,t94 


1 




", " 


























::::::::l:::::::: 










4,453 
1,184 
1,076 
7,861 


1,287 

1,065 
5 , 761 


473 






a9oo 

262 

2,630 


a494 




Wilkinson ; 

Winston ; 


13,132 
4,223 
9,531 

16,716 





5,601 

7,339 


! 




!••• 




2,470 






.... 


(" 







STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 



723 



TABLE II. — POPULATION BY COUNTIES— 1790-1870.— Cont'd 

CHINESE. 



Counties. 


1870 


JS60 


1S50 ! 1S40 

1 i 


1830 


1820 


1810 


1800 


1790 


Total 


16 




| t 




1 


j 






1 




! 


Variances from 
former official 
totals 


..Mil 


! ! ! 




, , ., 


Bolivar 


16 




















1 













INDIAN. 


Counties. 


1370 


I860 


1850 


1840 


1830 


1820 


1810 


1800 


1790 


Total 


S09 


2 








I 














1 






Variances from 
former official 
totals 








































Attala 




2 












1 


Copiah 


1 

1 

185 

317 

295 

1 

9 
















Jackson 






















































Newton 










I 






Pike 










1 






Winston 























1 )•-•••••• 





AGGREGATE. 



Counties. 


1870 


1860 


1S50 


1840 


1830 


1820 


1810 


1800 


1790 


Total 


827,922 


791,305 


606,526 


375,651 


136,621 


75,448 


a9,046 
31,306 


al,250 j 
7,600 ! 


Variances from 
former official 
totals 


1 s 1 
1 i 1 




i 

1 






19,084 
10,431 
10,973 
14,770 


20,16.5 


18,601 


19,434 


14,937 


12,076 


10,002 


4,600 j 


Alcorn (b) 

Amite (f) 





12,336 
1 14,169 


9,694 
10,991 


9,511 
4,303 


7,934 


6,853 


4,750 










ai,427 






9,732 

10,f.61 

21,047 

1 19,899 


10,471 
■ 9,51b 

22,035 
1 16,426 


2.577 


1,356 








Calhoun 

Carroll (c) 

Chickasaw 


i . . 


18,491 
16,369 


10,481 
2,965 




........ 

1 


i:::::::: 






K.Y.'.'.Y. 


i 


!::::::::!::::. .:: 



724 STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 

TABLE II. — POPULATION BY • COUNTIES — 1790-1870. — Cont'd 
AGGREGATE— Continued. 



Counties. 


1870 


18G0 


1858 


1840 


1830 


1820 


1810 


1800 


179- ) 


Choctaw (e) 


16,983 

13.3843 

7,54-5 

7,144 

20,608 

4,753 

32,021 

7,493 

2,038 

10,571 

4,239 

5,795 

30,488 

19,370 

6,887 

7,812 

4,362 

10,884 

13,848 

3,313 

12,920 

18,8.-2 

13,462 

6,720 

8,496 

15,955 


15,722 
15,679 
10.771 
6,606 

15,308 
4 ,408 

23.336 
8.265 
2 232 


11,402 

14.941 
5.447 
2,780 

11,794 
3,333 

19.042 
5,904 
2,018 


6,010 
13,078 
2,986 
1,290 
8,954 
2.717 
7,002 
4,775 
1,636 












Claiborne 

Cark 

Coahoma 

Copiah (f) 

Covington 

De Soto 


9,787 

7.00l' 
2,551 


5,963 
2,230 


3,102 







Franklin (V .... 

Greene 

Grenada fc) 


4,622 
1,854 


3,821 

1,445 


2,016 






Hancock 

Harrison 

Hinds 


3,139 

4,819 
31,339 
17.791 

7,831 
■17,693 

4,122 
11,007 
15,349 

3.323 
11,682 
16,125 
13,313 

9,213 

9,324 


3,672 
4.875 
25,340 
13,923 
4,478 
13,528 
3,1'96 
6,184 
13,193 
2,164 
12,517 
14,069 
8,717 
6,478 
5,533 


3,367 

icons' 

9,452 


1,962 
8,645 


1,594 








Holmes 










Issaquena 













Itawamba 


5,375 
1,965 

3,95* 
11,6.50 
1,258 
7,66.3 
6,531 
5,353 
5,920 
2,162 















1,792 


1,682 








Jasper 








Jenerson (d) 
Jones 


9.755 

1,471 


6,822 


4,001 


2,940 




Kemper 










Lafayette 












Lauderdale 

Lawrence (f) — 


"5J293 


* "4,916 




















Lincoln (1) 


10,181 
3J,502 

20,948 

4.211 

29,416 

22,631 

7,a39 

10,067 
20,905 
14,391 
20,754 
2,694 
11,303 
12,525 
9,34s 
12,977 
7,847 
5,713 
7,126 
5,015 

20,727 

26,769 
14,5u9 

4,296 
12,705 

8,934 . 
13,254 
17,279 
















Lowndes 

Madison 


23,6^5 

23,382 

4,686 

28,823 

21,283 
8 , 3 i3 
9,661 
20,667 
12,977 
13,794 
2,606 
11,135 
22,113 


19,544 

18,173 
4,410 

29,689 

21,172 
4,72s 
4,465 

16,293 
9,171 

11,444 
2,438 
7,360 

17,112 


14,513 
15,530 
3,330 
17,526 
9,250 
2,437 
2,527 
9,975 
4,-76 
4,657 


3,173 

4,973 
3,691 


;;;;;;;; 


a4,699 






Marion 


3,116 










Monroe 


3,861 



2,721 







Neshoba 






































1,469 

6,151 
4,491 


2,300 
5,402 


2,037 
4, ..3s 










Prentiss {gi 

Rankin 

Scott 










13,635 
8,139 
6,660 
7,633 
5,019 
7 ,-89> ) 

22 , 55o 

i, 366 
20,696 
15,679 

3,691 

15,933 
9,811 
16,952 


7,r27 

3,961 
4,734 
4,071 
1,102 
4, '-43 
20,741 

l',314 

1&, 120 
8,330 
2,892 

16,914 
7,956 

17 ,25c 

14,418 


4,631 

1,6-53 

, 3,340 

1,961 


2,033 










Simpson 


2,6ou 




























o <.i- 






'lippah (.0; 

Tishomingo (bj(gJ 


9,444 

0,oci 

821 

15,320 

2, 1-0 
14,193 

4,6^0 
12, -43 
10,480 














7,861 

1,976 
2,7*1 
11,666 


2,693 

'3,323 
9,718 


" l'ii-t" 

U2,'J-U 
1,23 
5,066 


al,2.ju 








Washington — 

Wayne 

Wilkinson 




Yaiabusha icj ... 




6,550 



















(a) Now in Alabama. 

(b). In 1870 Alcorn from Tippah and Tishemingo. 

(to In 1870 Grenada from Carroll, Choctaw, L'aJialuttehie, and Tulubush'a: 

(d> In 1802 name chang-ed from Pickering to Jefferson. 

(f) In 1870 Lincoln from Amite, Copiah, franklin, Lawrence, and Pike. 

(g) In 1870 Prentiss from Tishemingo. 



STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 



725 



POPULATION OF MISSISSIPPI, (a) 



County 



1880 



1,797,114 



1.131,591 



Adams 


25,265 

IS 159 


Amite 


22,954 


Attala 


2S,S51 
10,245 




4S.905 




17,726 


Carroll 


°3 139 




22,846 




14,357 
17,403 
21,630 


Claiborne 

Clarke 


Clay 


20,203 


Coahoma 


34.217 

35,914 




16.909 


Dp Soto 


23,130 


Forrest 


20 . 722 
15*193 




6,5:19 


Greene 


6,050 
15.727 




11.207 




34,658 


Hinds 


63,"2G 




39,088 
10.560 
14.526 
15.451 


Issaquena 

Itawamba 

Jackson 


Jasper 


18, J PS 
18, 221 


Jefferson Davis 


12.8^0 

29. S 3 ?) 


Kemper 


20,343 
21.883 




11,741 




46,919 


Lawrence 


13.080 
18,998 


Lee 


28,804 


Leflore 


36.290 




28,597 


Lowndes 


30,703 
33,505 


Marion 0>) 


1" rrv "> 

26,796 


Monroe 

Montgomery 


6~) , 1 78 
17,706 
17.980 




23,085 




28,50.3 


Oktibbeha 


19,676 




31,274 




10.503 


Perry 

Pike(b) 


37', 272 

19.08S 


Prentiss 

Quitman 

Rankin 

Scott 


16, m 
11, .-93 

23,944 

16,723 



30.111 


26,031 


22,649 


14,9*7 


13,115 


14,272 


20.708 


IS, 108 


14,094 


26.243 


22,213 


19.988 


10, 510 


10,585 


11,023 


35.427 


29,980 


18.652 


16,512 


14,688 


13,492 


22,116 


IS. 773 


17.705 


19,8P2 


19,891 


17,905 


13.036 


10.847 


9.036 


20.787 


14,516 


16.768 


17,741 


15,826 


15,021 


19.563 


18,607 


17,367 


26,203 


18,342 


13.568 


34,395 


30,233 


27,5.-2 


13,076 


8,290 


5,993 


24,751 


24,183 


22,924 


13,678 


10,424 


9,729 


6,795 


3,906 


3,194 


14.112 


14,9T4 


12,071 


11,886 


8,318 


6.439 


21 002 


12.481 


7,805 


52,577 


39,279 


43,958 


36,828 


30.970 


27,164 


10.400 


12,318 


10,004 


13,544 


11,708 


10,66-? 


16.513 


11,251 


7,607 


15,394 


14,785 


12,126 


21,292 


18,947 


17,314 


17.816 


8.333 


3,828 


20,492 


17,961 


15.719 


22,110 


3), 553 


• 21,671 



38,150 


29.661 


21,501 


15,103 


12,318 


9,420 


17,360 


14,803 


13,146 


21.956 


20.040 


20,470 


23,834 


16,869 


10.246 


I 21,552 


17.912 


13.547 


29,095 


27,047 


28,244 


32.403 


27.321 


25.S66 


1 f>. "re; 


530 


« r -m 


27.674 
31/216 

| 16, 5^6 


26,043 


29.3.30 


14, 459 


13,348 


12,726 


11,1^6 


8.741 


1 10.708 


16,625 


13,436 


.30.846 


27,338 


29.874 


20,183 


17,694 


15,978 


29.027 


26,977 


28,352 


6,697 
14,682 


957 




6,*94 




1 27,545 


21 .203 


16,6=8 


j 18,274 


14,940 


13,858 


15.7e8 


13,679 


12,158 


5.435 


3,286 






17,922 


10,752 


14,316 


11,740 


10,845 



726 



STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 



POPULATION OF MISSISSPPI. (a)— "Continued. 



County 




1900 



1880 



Sharkey 

Simpson ... 

Smith 

Sunflower . . 
Tallahatchie 

Tate 

Tippah 

Tishomingo 

Tunica 

Union 

Walthall (b) 

Warren 

Washington 

Wayne 

Webster 
Wilkinson ., 
Winston ..., 
Yalobusha 
Yazoo 



15,694 
17,201 • 

16.603 
28,787 
29,078 
19,714 
14,631 
13,067 
18,646 
18,997 



37,488 
48,933 
14,709 
14,853 
18,075 
17.139 
21,519 
46,672 



12,178 
42, Son 
13,055 
16,084 
19,600 
20,618 
12,983 
10,124 
16,479 
16,522 



8,382 
10,138 
10.635 

9,384 
14,361 
19,253 
12,951 

9,302 
12,158 
15,606 



40,912 
49.216 
12,539 
13,619 
21,453 
14,124 
19,742 
43,948 



33,164 
40,414 

9,817 
12.060 
17 r 5<>2 
12,089 
16,6i9 
36,394 



-6.306 

8.008 

8.088 

4,661 

10,926 

18,721 

12,867 

8,774 

8,461 

13,030 



31,238 
25,367 
8.741 
9,534 
17,815 
10,087 
15,649 
33,845 



(a) For change* in county areas and organization of new counties see page 608, Sup- 
plement for Mississippi, 1910. 

(b) Walthall County organized from parts of Marion and Pike Counties in 1914. 



POPULATION — WHITE — MISSISSIPPI. ( b ) 



County 


1910 


1900 


. 1890 


1880 




786,111 


041,200 


544, 851 


479,398 




6,3-53 

13,884 

10,362 

15,624 

5,208 

6,098 

13,911 

9,664 

10,130 

10,188 

3,786 

11,349 

6,096 

3,806 

15,927 

11,685 

5,555 

13,037 

8,364 

4,772 

4,701 

4,5t;.-> 
6,oir> 

24,003 
18,313 


6,439 

11,162 
8,400 

13,875 
5,310 
4,197 

12,415 
9,197 
8,148 
9.451 
4,. 565 
9,245 
5,927 
3,081 

16,355 
8,471 
6 °33 


6,128 
9,605 
7,600 

12,742 
5,665 
3 222 

11 ! 276 
8,161 
8,491 
8,208 
3,533 
7,716 
5,624 
2,245 

14,632 
5,319 
6,957 


4,796 


Alcorn 


9,863 
5,494 


Attala 


11,653 


Benton 


5,777 
2.691 


CalhoiTn 

Carroll 

Chickasaw 


10,101 
7,831 
7,696 
6,537 


Claiborne 

Clarke 


3.910 
7,181 


Clay 


5,255 
2,412 




13,101 




4,034 


DeSoto 


7,581 




6,873 


5,484 


4,852 






Greene 

Grenada 

Hancock 


4,941 
! 3,828 

14^632 
13,037 


2,936 
3,^9*-; 

5,770 
9,163 
10,892 


2,381 
3.236 
4,035 
5,749 


Hinds 


1 11,675 



STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 



727 



POPULATION — WHITE — MISSISSIPPI, (b) — Continued. 

POPULATION- WHITE— MISSISSIPPI (b)-Continued. 



County 


1910 


1 
1900 


1890 


18S0 




7, Son 
fill 

13,328 
9. 983 
9.J4S 
3 934 
«,103 

21.4-7 
8.555 

11.978 
8.12° 

25 037 

7,933 

'11.' 878 

IS. 220 
5.649 

16.538 
8.919 
6,105 
9.. -34 
7.45-t 

15,610 
R.779 

14.547 

14,0^8 
4.555 

7,000 

10.049 

8,170 

5.104 

19,671 

14.961 

14 .056 

2 7°- 

9>95 

9.703 

1.721 

11,232 

13,695 


8,120 

1^,202 

KV697 
7.7*9 
4,020 


7,084 

736 

10,703 

7.814 j 

7.3^8 

3,589 


6,911 


T«=aou°na 


8^6 


Itawamba 


9,555 




5,124 




6,244 




4,260 






•Tones 

Kemper 


13.156 
8 6«9 
12,378 


7,082 

7,869 

11.700 


3 469 
7100 


Laf^vette 


11 3«5 




19,190 
7,535 

10.7-17 

13.297 
2.796 

12341 
7,1-1 
6.574 
9,178 
8.9*6 

12. "5 
7 9*3 
9 «7l 

11.6*9 
4.699 
6 363 
9,661 
. 4.904 
9 808 

13.829 

13.44T 

12,6-7 
1,258 
8,679 
8.107 
1,449 
7.8J6 

10,695 


14,671 

6,240 

9,350 
12,510 

2.597 
10,325 

6,009 

6.031 

6 530 I 

9,731 
12,109 

•7,448 

8.351 
10.119 

4,709 

5,759 I 

9,248 

2,301 

4,. 582 

10,581 

10.585 

10,833 

894 

7,507 

7,000 

1,223 

6,229 

8,924 


9959 




4,937 


1>alce 


8,104 




12,656 


T.ofioro 


2 °30 


Lincoln 


7,701 


T.oTCinieg 


5.5,08 


Vorii»on 

Marion (b) 


5 946 
4.450 




10.992 




10.5-1 


■VTontfynmery 

Neshoba 


6 671 
6.-55 

8,428 


NnxubpA 

Oktibbeha 

Panola 


5,302 
5,109 
9,521 


P^rl River 

p«rrv 




2,357 


Pike(b) 


8,572 
9 609 


Prenttss 


9,737 
592 




7,193 


Scott . 

Sharkey 

Simpson 

Smith 


6,633 
1,405 
4.994 
6.45? 




7, "39 




5,495 
8,894 
8.179 
11,830 

1 n 'F 

1,728 
14,780 


4,006 

6,308 
8.439 
10.080 

j 9,073 

1 559 

1 12,380 


2,530 
5,154 
8,495 

10.026 
8,311 
1 ,259 

1L608 


1.764 


Tallahatchie 

Tafc» 


4.168 
9,094 


Tipnah 


9,802 


Tishomingo 

Tunica 


7,611 

1 ,°56 


Fnion 

Walthall (b) 


9,932 




11.290 
7,291 
8,866 
11.567 
4,171 
10,269 
10,337 
11,157 


10.346 

5,002 

7,481 

| 9,694 

4,384 

8,192 

I 9,284 

10,043 

i 


8,803 
4,838 
5,799 

9,080 
3,962 
6,987 
7,683 
8,690 


8,717 


Washington 


3.478 
4,971 






Wilkinson 


3,570 


Win«ton 


6.113 




7,533 




8,498 







<a) For changes in county areas and organization of new counties see page 608, .Sup- 
plement for Mississippi, 1910. 
(b) Walthall County organized from parts of Marion and Pike Counties in 1914. 



728 



STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 



POPULATION — COLORED — MISSISSIPPI, (a) 



County 


1910 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1 


1,011,003 


910, rCo 


744,749 


652,199 




18,912 

4,275 
12,502 
13,227 

5,037 I 
42.907 

3,S12 
13.475 
12,716 

4,169 
13,617 
10,281 
14,107 
30,411 
19,987 

5,224 
17,575 

7,685 

6,829 

1,827 

1,349 
11,162 

4.38S - 
10,655 
45,413 
31,198 

9,949 

1,198 

5,468 

9,050 
14,287 

6,757 

8,428 
11,793 

9,905 

3,619 
21,882 

5,147 

6,420 
10,674 
30,641 
12,059 
21,784 
27,310 

6 fv>5 
19,342 

8^927 

3,433 

9,077 

23,948 

12,676 

21,225 

2,423 

2.. 581 

17,601 

4,727 

2,875 

; 8,868 

| 14,249 

7 ,020 


23,672 

3,825 
12,308 
12,373 

5,200 
31,230 

4,097 
12,919 
11,744 

3,585 
16,222 

8,496 
13,636 
23,212 
18,040 

4,605 
18,518 


19,003 i 

3,510 
10,598 

9,471 

4,920 
26,758 

3,412 
10.612 
11,400 

2,639 
10.9S3 

8,110 
12,983 
16 , 097 
15,601 

2,980 
• 17.226 


17,853 


Alcorn 

Amite 

Attala 


4,409 
8,510 
8,335 




5,246 




15,958 


Calhoun 

Carroll 


3,301 
9,964 
10,209 




2,499 


Claiborne 

Clarke 

Clay 

Coahoma ... 

Copiah 


12,858 
7,840 
12,112 
11,156 
14,451 
1,95;> 


De Soto 


15,343 






Franklin 


6,805 


4,940 


4,877 




1,854 

10,284 
3,530 
6,370 

39,540 

28,708 
9,778 
1,342 
5.816 
7,665 

17,272 


970 

11,078 

2,548 

3,318 

28,387 

23,886 

11,582 

985 

3,437 

7,417 

15,358 


813 




8,835 


Hancock 


1,804 

2,146 




32,283 




20,2.-3 




9,178 




1,108 




2,483 




5,882 




13,054 


Jefferson Davis — 

Jones 

Kemper 

Lafayette . 

Lamar 

Lauderdale 

Lawrence 

Leake 

Lee 

Leflore 

Lincoln 

Lowndes 

Madison 




4,690 
11,823 

9,732 


1,251 
10,092 

8,853 


3-59 
8,619 
10,286 


18,960 

7,568 

6,613 

8,659 

21,038 

9,211 

21,974 

25,919 

4.323 

18,708 

18,661 

8.573 

2,852 

8,049 

26,147 

13,820 

19.366 

1,793 

4,874 

13,716 

4,827 

3,131 

4,177 

12.270 

6,269 


14,990 

6,078 

5,453 

7,530 

14,272 

7,587 

21,038 

21,290 

3.002 

16,312 

18,621 

7,011 

2,795 

6,506 

22,629 

11,935 

17,729 

656 

1.912 

1 10,622 

4,355 

2,846 

i 2,392 

10,415 

4,740 


11,542 
4,483 

5,042 
7,814 
8,016 
5,846 
22,656 
19.920 
2.451 


Marshall i 


18,338 


Monroe 

Montgomery 

Neshoba 


18,'T>2 
6[677 
2,186 
5,008 




24,572 


Oktibb°ha 


10.S69 




18,831 






Perry 

Pike (b) 


1,070 
8.116 




4,249 




2,421 




815 


Rankin 

Scott 


9,559 
4,212 









V 






STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 



729 



POPULATION — COLORED — MISSISSIPPI. ( a ) — Continued. 

POPULATION— COLORED— MISSISSIPPI (a)— Continued. 



County 



1910 



1900 



1890 



1S80 



Sharkey 

Simpson .... 

Smith 

Sumner 

Sunflower .. 
Tallahatchie 

Tate 

Tippah 

Tishomingo 

Tunica 

Union 

Walthall (b) 

Warren 

Washington 

Wayne 

Webster — 
Wilkinson . . 

Winston 

Yolabusha ., 
Yazoo 



13,973 

5,909 

2.908 



23,292 
2o,lS4 
11,535 
2,801 
1,090 
10,918 
4,217 



26,198 

41,042 
5,843 
3,280 

13,904 
0,870 

11,18? 

35,515 



10,729 

4,954 

2,300 



30,500 
44,214 
5,0.58 
3,9--\> 
17,009 
5,932 
10,458 
33,905 



7,159 
3,909 
1,711 



12,078 


6,854 


13,292 


9,207 


12,179 


10,758 


2,903 


2,925 


1,051 


991 


14,920 


10,899 


4,142 


3,998 



24,361 
35,576 

4,018 
2,980 

13,630 
5,102 
8,946 

27,701 



4 ; 901 
3,014 
1,636 
2,295 
2,897 
6,758 
9,627 
3,065 
1,163 
7,205 
3,098 



22,521 

21,889 

3,770 



14,245 
3,9(4 

8,116 
25,347 



(a) For changes iu county areas and organization of new counties see page 008, 
pJement for Mississippi, 19i0. 

(b) Walthall County organized from parts of Marion and Pike Counties in 1914. 



Sup- 



MANUFACTURES— NUMBER OF ESTABLISHMENTS IN 
MISSISSIPPI. 





County. 


j 
1910 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1870 


1860 


1850 


Total 


2,598 j 


4,772 


1,698 


1,479 


1,731 


976 


877 








| 


SO 

s 

89 
29 

117 
47 
45 
53 
47 
42 
60 
70 
78 

137 
42 
61 


116 

17 
31 
13 
10 
14 
37 
5 
4 
27 
15 
14 
41 
10 
25 


52 

05 

55 
19 
20 
20 
21 
19 
29 

1 
20 
24 

3 
50 
12 
32 


69 
31 

14 
43 


18 




Alcorn 






25 




Attala 


... ^ ...j 

... gj . . . 1 











... a ... 


4 

50 
49 
51 
M 


1 
23 
20 
34 
43 
20 
11 
















Chickasaw 


... >» . -i 






Claiborne 

Clarke 


g 




18 




Clay 


'— 




Coahoma 


z 


5 

58 
11 
75 




14 
13 





Covington 

De Soto 


::. 1 :: 









Franklin 




33 


2 


8 


6 


5 







Greene 





25 


I 12 


2 




12 


1 



730 



STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 



MANUFACTURES — NUMBER OF ESTABLISHMENTS IN 
MISSISSIPPI. — Continued. 



County. 



1S90 



1S70 



I860 



Grenada 

Hancock , 

Harrison , 

Hinds 

Holmes 

Issaquena 

Itawamba , 

Jackson ....... 

Jasper 

Jefferson , 

Jefferson Davis 

Jones 

Kemper 

Lafayette 

Lamar 

Lauderdale 

Laurence 

Leake 

Lee 

Leflore 

Lincoln 

Lowndes 

Madison 

Marion 

Marshall 

Monroe 

Montgomery . . 

Neshoba 

Newton 

Noxubee 

Oktibbeha 

Panola 

Pearl River 

Perry 

Pike 

Pontotoc 

Prentiss 

Quitman 

Rankin 

Scott , 

Sharkey 

Simpson 

Smith 

Sumner 

Sunflower 

Tallahatchie .. 

Tate 

Tippah 

Tishomingo ... 

Tunica 

Union 

Walthall 

Warren 

Washington ... 

Wayne 

Webster 

Wilkinson 

Winston 

Yalobusha 

Yazoo 



47 
40 
99 
1S6 
57 
38 
27 
78 
32 
55 



23 
10 

14 

14 

24, 

1 

y 

14 
12 
16 



54 I 
47 I 
71 I 



194 
43 
48 



103 
75 j 
43 I 
98 
91 
61 
28 
63 
78 
59 
So 
32 
50 
78 
55 
50 
13 
44 
28 
44 
27 
46 



69 
45 
31 
44 
45 

133 

128 
55 
57 
40 
30 

127 



61 

9 
36 

3 
20 

5 

4 
14 

7 

"2" 
4 
11 
22 
23 
2 
21 

107' 
32 



90 J 

U 

15 ! 
25 
12 

31 ; 

13 ! 

18 I 

16 I 
36 I 
27 * 
20 

13 j 

24 j 

34 \ 

16 I 

18 I 

6 



21 I 

11 I 



5 I 

20 

13 J 

24 j 

27" 

7 

"I" 

17 I 



11 

6 
9 



33 



103 
4 



14 



26 



3 • 

'ii'Y. 



10 



21 |. 

48 |. 
12 ;. 



33 



10 



STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 



731 



MANUFACTURES— CAPITAL INVESTED IN MISSISSIPPI. 



County. 



1910 



1900 



I 
18l»0 1880 

I 



1870 



1S60 



1850 



Total. 



.72, 393,00035, 807, 419J14,896,S84!4,727,6C0 4.501,714 i4,3S4,4v2 1,83:3,420 



Adams ... 

Alcorn 

Amite 

Attala .... 
Benton ... 
Bolivar ... 
Calhoun . 
Carroll ..i 
Chickasaw 
Choctaw . 
Claiborne 
Clarke .... 

Clay 

Coahoma 

Copiah . . 

Covington 

De Soto . . 

Forrest .. 

Franklin 

George 

Greene 

Grenada 

Hancock 

Harrison 

Hinds 

Holmes 

Issaquem 

Itawamba 

Jackson . 

Jasper ... 

Jefferson 

Jefferson Davis 

Jones 

Kemper 

Lafayette 

Lamar 

Lauderdale . . . 

Lawrence 

Leake 

Lee 

Leflore 

Lincoln 

Lowndes 

Madison 

Marion 

Marshall 

Monroe 

Montgomery . 

Neshoba ... 

Newton , 

Noxubee 

Oktibbeha 

Panola 

Pearl River ... 

Perry 

Pike 

Pontotoc 

Prentiss 

Quitman 

Rankin 

Scott 



1,474,448 

! 545,635 

I 142,919 

| 135,275 

37,505 

; 407,508 

I 95,154 

50,050 

72,620 

83,112 

5o9,411 

977,535 

' 2<jS,20l 

830, -181 

1,159,214 

276, -321 

193,477 



1,2 



235 

115 
28 
76 
95 
19 
16 
74 
5 

290 

352 
30 

154 

,353 

15 

70 



,669 
,316 
,015 
,436 
,2&4 
,131 
,286 
,905 
,220 
,810 
,497 
,989 
,695 
,092 
,552 
,410 
,178 



1-20. 
34 
38 
1,006 
15. 
30, 



910 

440 
250 
475 
240 
300 
150 
150 
IX".) 
240 
800 
700 
510 
000 
980 



128,46') 

65,650 

7,965 

45,650 



161,000 . 97,550 



50,100 

144,600 



500 
99,175 



7,300 

33,950 J 

270,140 I 

52,325 | 



2,000 

28.5*5 



.495 



9,375 142,030 I 

! 108,100 i 

57,625 45,000 



2,400 

614,485 

1,5.50 

73,325 



67,230 
14,770 
58,455 
36,400 
7,650 



62,500 I 29.650 
15,450 | 5,900 
I 41,165 



14,000 




,2,128,954 
; 39,061 
1 84,501 | 
' 297,876 ! 

630,005 
; 1,505, 300 
i 684,696 ! 
I 179.315 i 
I 132-,538 i 
151,428 I 
i 711,161 ; 
i 183,707 ! 
' 31,740 i 
; 162,102 } 
i 122,898 i 
: 162,023 j 
, ; 129,970 
11,040,015 | 
| 986,922 I 
1,795,482 i 
; 69,132 j 
i 94,570 | 
! 66,853 I 
85,6*6 , 
85,370 



990,879 I 

23,705 : 

17,660 ! 

63,937 I 
33,250 
524,576 

222,605 j 

I? ~-<> , 

110,408 

109.178 ■ 

170,687 I 

44,549 

21,410 ! 

35,970 ! 

103,693 J 

52,315 i 

42,463 ! 

163,475 | 

3*3,490 i 

459,576 ! 

10,980 

80,955 : 

15,909 

H>4,';y5 . 

15,7bO 



186,600 
17,300 
15,550 

30,925 

8,700 
140,600 
162,300 



130.075 
84,270 
21,380 
21,600 
31,075 
99,775 
88,000 
49, 590 



I 30,450 

9,400 • 3-5,700 
9,900 I 13,200 



24,90 

13.700 

4,915 



92,332 
376.007 
71,380 

iii'.sos" 

20,000 



262,900 

203.660 

600 

796.670 

92, COO 



110,685 
23,430 



69,285 
36,300 



4,500 
42,34/) 
158, US 
30,135 
31,950 



21,897 



70.900 i 66,235 
118,925 ! 21,300 
33,800 I 



5,lo0 
53,200 
28,260 

17/275 



5,400 j 3,000 
59,120 I 26,200 
28,775 i 65.000 
21,700 : 



39,700 
27,213 



19,00*3 

9,400 



9,500 | 10o,64o 
36,200 27,000 



732 



STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 



MANUFACTURES— CAPITAL INVESTED IN MISSISSIPPI.— Con. 



County. 



1910 



1900 



1690 



1SS0 



1870 



1860 



1850 



Sharkey ; . 

Simpson .'. ;. 

Smith j. 

Sumner 

Sunflower 

Tallahatchie '. 

Tat3 1 . 

Tippah ! . 

Tishomingo ". 

Tunica 

Union 

Walthall , 

Warren 

Washington 

Wayne . , ! 

Webster 

Wilkinson |. 

Winston ; 

Yalobusha j 

Yazoo , 

All other 
counties (a; ; 



156, 

Lte ; 
06 

617 

210 

155 

56 

34: 



041 

914 

65 9 
025 
590 
780 
659 
343 
976 



1,682,8.,- 



C.000 

31,111 j 8,600 
10,665 ! 15,800 
j 15,100 



o.ou 
27,920 
S2.550 
54,133 

21,021 



23,075 
34,450 
2a, 010 
51,150 
4,000 
41,100 



10/JuO 
^,300 



1,391,90a ! 564,757 143,200 i 10,000 



1ST, 6i4 143,024 3y,750 



18,000 i. 



97, '.Ob 

89,247 

■49,074 

325,629 

6S7.913 



39,640 
10,685 
26 , 965 
266,872 
153,655 

10,700 



4,22o 
11,900 
22,250 
77,140 



4,700 
60,000 
226,089 

27,500 



135,500 
40,400 



37,6.0 

11,3^6 



46,400 ' 

3»,4u5 






13,700 




43,935 
82,8bO.: 


95,380 I 
233,550 ! 


29,500 

20, 20 J 





,167,910 196,475 \ 609,818 643,550 ' 193,700 



12,300 
14,260 

27,670 
66.7U0 



(a) Includes Frankiin, Sunflower, ami Tunica. 



MANUFACTURES- 



-WAGE EARNERS, 
MISSISSIPPI. 



AVERAGE NUMBER.— 



■ ! 
County. 


1910 | 


.1900 


1890 


isso 


1870 


1860 


1850 


Total 


50,384 ' 


26,418 


15,817 


5,827 


5,941 


4,775 


3,173 


Adams 




811 

598 

143 

181 

37 

383 

79 

09 

78 

102 

197 

575 

228 

475 

1.&7 

294 

125 


1,042 

243 

437 

73 

204 

113 

19 

54 

148 

7 

ISO 

007 

52 

131 

1,641 

20 
148 


417 

139 
57 

131 
51 
51 
3a 
76 
42 
53 
5 

155 
59 
60 

659 
18 
52 


227 
88 
18 
81 


156 


131 


Alcorn 

Amite 

Attala 

Benton 

Bolivar 

Calhoun 

Carroll 

Chickasaw 

Choctaw 

Claiborne 

Clarke 

Clay 

Coahoma ... 

Copiah 

Covington 

De Soto 


. . 3 ..; 
•• >, •• 

c 




83 
103 


2 
129 


95 
19j 
110 

24 


10 
65 

87 
186 
120 

69 






150 
63 
84 

74 


173 


19 


15 
352 

°3 
177 






74 

27 


47 
12 
102 


Forrest 


•■• • a 






!• • 7 


114 




12 


21 


23 


16 










Greene 

Grenada 




2S2 

1 ,077 
1.577 


i 467 
l 410 


12 
45 
83 

•95 


43 

39 

244 

208 


178 




Hancock 




IIS 


Harrison 


i 


286 



STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 



733 



MANUFACTURES — WAGE EARNERS. AVERAGE NUMBER.-^- 

MISSISSIPPI. — Continued. 



! 1 

County. j 1010 


1900 


1F90 


1SS9 


1S70 


1860 


1850 


i i 


944 | 
214 ! 

66 ; 

53 j 
1,3°9 : 

28 

84 ; 


423 
69 


220 

45 

3 

12 

103 
22 
46 


204 ' 

1 


269 

4 ; i 

100 1 


6 




! 


78 












48 

568 

62 

52 


35 






186 | 
10 
19 i 


60 








o> 







27 | 


30 












l,l-«8 ! 

93 

no ; 


356 
65 
-37 


6 

29 • 
41 




w'A 






si" 

102 j 


11 






74 


1°4 












1,630 ' 

77 ; 

69 

175 1 
So3 

907 
."S3 
147 
260 
161 
500 
20tf 
°7 

ir> 

1 10 

106 

no 

tf07 

842 

1,233 

53 
143 

9i 

H 

59 

R2 

78 

57 


1,151 
31 

49 
155 

88 
477 
121 

60 
177 
135 
16? 

98 

3? 

81 
"]o<> 

53 

01 
215 
169 
890 

15 
183 

1Q 
1-tl 

23 

25 
45 
14 


373 
15 
19 
62 
11 
132 
200 
25 


I 


101 

45 
20 


50 




17 : 

23 
43 


33 






11 








Leflore 












175 ' 

368 i 
145 






Lowndes 


Co" 

■ .2 • ■ 


335 
169 

3 ? 9 
120 


26S 
32 




15 




:: § :; 


152 

173 
65 
23 
64 
137 
125 
73 


192 
17 


IfiO 


Monroe 

Montgomery 


• 1 •• 
. >» .. 

- 


51 


5 

1*3 

76 
119 


49 










76 
P3 
52 


87 


OVtibbeha 


38 






P°rrv u ■ ■ 




. 66 
35 

38 


x 19 
108 

0? 
4-3 


4 
41 
86 




VWto 


4"5 




79 




55 
















56 
14 


' -9 ' 
58 


i?i 

31 


19 


Scott 












13 

22 
22 


25 




20 


Smith j 


2o 


21 










342 

98 
136 

8 

125 

94 




29 

55 








::::::;: 


13 

35 

93 
99 


35 

81 
53 
72 

i 3 

50 


23 










Tmnah 


■ "* 


'• 108 
136 

" 


492 


81 






61 













87 










i 










i 


1,490 
592 
358 
105 
58 
36 
474 
404 


1,706 

443 

288 

89 

17 

55 

206 

24 


I 332 
187 

108 


498 

7 

20 


436 


184 




























6 

21 

14 

137 


15 

20 

384 

40 


143 


48 






5-0 






1 


93 






86 


All other 


i 

i 






... 









(a) Includes Franklin, Sunflower, and Tunica counties. 



734 



STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 



MANUFACTURES— VALUE OF.— MISSISSIPPI. 



County. 1910 1900 


1890 

18,705.831 - 


1880 


1870 


1860 

1 


1850 


Total 

Adams ! 

Alcorn 

Amite 1 

Attala i 


; i 

•0,555,OOO ! 4O,431,3S6 


.518,302 


8,154.75? 


>,590 687 | 


2,072.' '38 


::::::::;: 

::::::::::! 


1, 3-22. 1T1 : 
878. 206 
145.762 j 
185,300 j 
47.675 j 
541 ,9*7 ! 


1,238,733 
3«4,<U1 
200,655 

50,907 ; 

177,308 
130 .045 

17.317 

25. i 40 ; 

77.653 ! 
4,200 ; 
254.255 . 
26fi,*"*? 

36 580 
330.8=7 1 
1,563,230 . 

23,300 

110,115 ; 


504.765 

loT,441 
.56,785 

131,614 
51 .969 
43 950 
60.380 
44.638 

103,512 

65,440 

3.000 

173.526 
01 ,033 


102.5 ^ 

133,388 

19.555 

140.022 


214 900 j 

"lrr/ioi 

151,950 1 


207.85 l 

".5,2"*"> 
121 ,04 3 




2.900 
144 OS* 

158.952 ! 

1-17,715 : 

31,473 . 


8,000 
54, 0*7 
117,482 
114.161 
217.986 
180.300 
98,229 






71.4-28 ! 
49.8*2 j 
68,918 
111,391 
651.324 
602, SS2 
440,035 
831.079 

1.077.9^ 
336,878 
162,564 




Carroll ; 


11 ',6-6 




3-,4~l 
81,900 


Choctaw .* 


Claiborne j 


66.rf9 


ClirVe 1 . 


193, 410 ' 


6 r<x) 


Clay ' 






70.600 

787.844 

20,263 

47,696 


23.60O i 
456.585 

24,276 
188.659 








9~9'0 
25,150 


<><? i«-*n 




11.137 


De Soto i 


100,O\# 










Franklin , 


127,340 




7,350 


14,700 


23,400 


11,445 










243,340 

255,202 

1.446.344 

2,310.624 

1.960.562 

256,369 

119,363 

63,694 

1.937,702 


17,793 
37,438 1 

469.027 ! 

34-5,045 ! 

579,462 
59,559 | 


16.320 

38,718 

98,550 

209,650 

106,4-50 

53,458 

2,750 

27.694 

•363,760 

20.955 

23,675 


45 873 






52,700 
315,400 
157,700 

344.904 
74,330 
27,080 










97.R8S 




263,490 

223.403 

46,725 

2,500 

140.629 


18l.8i"-n 


Hinds J. .. o 


g,or«ri 


Holmes . . ° .. 


60, 9fO 




34,276 | 
618,255 
48,446 
50,234 


34.090 




406.280 
11.162 
18,375 


46,100 




.. 2 .. 


"' 32,825' 


*>0 lio 




.. S ..', 128,990 
3 i 


46.910 






Jbnrs 


9 


2,087,650 
86,007 
13S,552 


453,586 

53.770 1 
21,905 ! 


9,305 

72.180 
86,033 




390,800 


37,800 


i*.7na 




-* 


91 , 650 




Lamar 


:: 1 :: 








3, '292, 023 

63.975 

62,069 

277,465 

933, 799 

1,767,239 

806,680 

ooo -on 

Z~ r d , 1 78 
192.903 
665,900 
361,223 
27,573 
285,297 
133,820 
149,677 
118.165 
874,579 


1,806,512 1 
23.864 
37.3>>2 

123.825 I 
24,225 

863.011 ; 

U1.397 j 
46,939 

121 ! 075 

120,682 

52,600 

19.441 

44,142 

107,759 

83,570 

47.689 

284,500 

509,952 

958,687 

12, 6«> 

181,838 

9,200 

144.355 

25,5.55 


431,461 

25.270 

44,960 

71,283 

8.700 

200,015 

264,536 

39,747 

204.305 

184,580 
51.568 
44,613 
6?, 450 

109,142 
81.929 
S3, 517 

"'.5!540' 
124,480 

39,885 
68,005 




106,000 
66,560 
19,811 


82,2i6 


Lawrence 


.. 


15.385 
21,460 
37,480 


41.785 
4,540 


Lee 


















152.7:77 
412,097 

106,426 

[ 9*5 . 5fig 
I 149.220 










498,202 
156.415 
2 , 300 
770.7-^3 
197,000 


208,707 






23.-^9 


Marion 





• 182 '.il-7 






40,370 












12.212 
1 136.591 
1 210, 9 _ 9 
i 71.059 
j 129,969 

: "l5,V>30 

i 103,648 
1 S6.6SO 
; 41,610 


72,261 














116,850 
217,650 
105,507 

4 ',300 
38,220 

128,087 


i 43.050 


Olctibbeha 




21,433 


Panola 


















Pike 




1,553,442 


; 91,581 






62,608 
178,602- 

30,6/4 
108,652 

86,047 


! 61,205 


















44.669 
11,497 


74^ 550 


241,654 
29,500 




Scott 







STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 



735 



MANUFACTURES — VALUE OF. — MISSISSIPPI. — Continued. 



County. 


1910 


| 1900 


1890 j 


1880 


1870 


1860 

1 


1850 


Shark°y 




.' 113,021 
., 121,274 
. ! 80,672 


14,150 
26,557 
9,523 






i 






19, SO) 
25,400 
11,625 


28,250 
21,951 


i 


40", 515 
11,580 


Smith 





24,177 ! 




'Jl 


Sunflower 


- • 

:: | : 

c • 
.. o . 


.! 017,202 
. 183,610 
. 247,260 
. 90,777 
.1 64,432 
.j 2.35,522 
.; 131,804 




22,S75 
64,515 


! 


Tallahatchie 


7,800 
25,825 

75,903 
103,273 


25,774 
71 ,363 
70,936 
85,074 
2,850 
56,741 


28,920 




Tate 




Tippah 

Tishomingo 


215,679 
140,120 


199,760 i 
402,782 i 


85,497 
67,250 


Union 

Walthall 


:: |-: 


50,580 




i 




.2,404,797 
.1,473,739 
.; 484,084 
.1 147,332 
.1 62,215 
.; 40,066 
.; 408,346 
. ! S62.919 


2,905,488 

710,640 

223,713 

60,577 

13.635 
31,342 

435, 27S 
276,8-50 

17,319 


598,274 
18* ,"63 
206,588 


1,237,217 

14,000 
10,800 


643,700 i 
; 


280,550 


Washington 

Wayne 


OB ■ 








-> 


9,150 

28,024 

51.443 

122,237 


28,300 

21,480 

475,. 382 

41,475 


151,735 ! 


33,600 




•• Z • 


3*,0<i0 


Yalobusha 




48,625 j 
4/00 ! 

1 


65,750 
96,880 


All other 









1 







j 





(a) Includes Franklin, Sunflower, and Tunica counties. 



MANUFACTURES— COST OF MATERIALS— MISSISSIPPI. 



County. 



1910 



1900 



189* 



1880 



Total. 



Adams ... 
Alcorn — 
Amite — 
Attala ... 
Benton . . . 
Bolivar .. 
Caliioua . 
Carroll . . . 
Chickasaw- 
Choctaw . 
Claiborne 
Clarke .... 

Clay 

Coahoma 
Copiah . . . 
Covington 
De Soto . . 
Forrest . . 
Franklin 
George . . . 
Greene . . . 
Grenada . , 
Hancock . 
Harrison , 




I860 



1850 



36,926,000 21, 692, 092|10. 064,897*4, 667, 183 4,364,208 3,146,636 1,290,271 



,... 



718,172 j 

462,743 j 
60.966 

77,870 | 

28,147 ! 

222,075 ! 

26,186 ' 

Its! 232 i 



j~ 


. '< 52,063 


rrj • 


. i 464,051 


V 


. 381,235 




. < 230,387 




.; 483,119 


? • 


. 605,674 




.| 124,998 


o • 


.! 70,822 


z ■ 





615,204 

175,835 

89,517 

26,406 

95,028 

53,337 

11,417 

10,104 

A5,»iy 

1,523 

197,546 

168,992 

23,612 

190,524 

891,843 

17,655 

48,518 



2 74 
99 
41 
90 
34, 
24, 



120 
67 
46 

403 
21 
28 



,600 
,000 
,551 
,375 
700 
,204 
,444 
,320 



72,1/22 
64,443 
10.720 
99,315 



6;,4t4 



,3(0 
, ] 82 
^443 
,397 
,842 



2,000 
17,214 ; 
43,950 | 

121 ,'.526 I 
62,169 ; 
36,710 j 



10, 

206, 
16, 
114 



100 j 

015 j 27,130 

615 | s.500 

216 



65,759 



94,424 

... 13-,; 72 
... 746,710 
...1,334,412 



7,100 

14,951 

236, 298 

157,536 



3,964 
12 I6oS 



6,126 | 10,940 j. 

I j, 

24,400 ! ! , 

29,605 ! , 

46,600 j , 



123,910 ' 61,742 ' 69,214 



736 



STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 



MANUFACTURES- 



COST OF MATERIALS — MISSISSIPPI.— 
Continued. 



County. 1910 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1870 

i 


1360 


1S50 


^in/l? 




1.17 t >.''99 
118. ?3t 
49 3°3 
36.839 
9*3.967 
15.295 
71,570 


3°3.663 
23.516 | 

22 893 

301.570 ; 
32.879 ' 
24,002 j 


9+.J61 

36.761 

1.400 

20,0-18 

"16)541 

8,775 


157, 5?8 
27,300 ! 
11.678 j 


121 314 

14.090 

1.175 

74,994 




Wolmes 


















263,050 1 
3,612 ; 

8,495 j 
[ 














14,250 




.T Q fro r?on Davis : 






1,296,849 
36,157 
64,183 


261,869 : 
32,10? 
10,441 I 


7.2 A 2 
54.0«0 
69.073 




31,000 
"381525 




Kemner i 


56,035 i 
291,200 1 








T anrr j 




T,aud°rdale j 


1,818.306 

24,528 

32,203 

143,854 

574,956 

962.359 

404,227 

102,561 

182,004 

77 , 589 

322^254 

180,184 

10,674 

130,085 

68,808 
49,086 
432.527 
679,351 
783, 69-2 
26,947 
80,435 
10,911 
44,418 
44,4*1 
46,586 

47,135 


1.133.400 ; 
15,383 : 

22.401 j 

49,73 s7 1 

3,952 

-)68.96a j 

90,677 . 

20.636 j 

81.588 

43.791 

62.666 1 

16,383 j 

10,171 

23 122 ' 

7^613 ! 

60.730 j 

22,090 j 

146,380 j 

T40.64? 1 

391,367 | 

8,42S i 

118,667 I 

1,265 j 

70,060 ! 

5,038 j 
14, £30 1 
7,324 j 


300 6.58 

19.3-9 

38, 2O0 

54,080 

5 9°5 




23.900 
39,000 
10,210 






7,793 1 
11.66S 
20,660 1 
















J>flor° 












122. S 70 
177.423 
31,389 


. 6-2.409 
245,565 i 
65,424 j 






T.owndes 


•A 


''CO, 389 
53.052 
1.350 

4*7.950 
57,150 




Marion ,. . . U 


en 




108. 857 

121. 1P0 
29,170 
37.061 
12.268 

139,706 
^3,010 
51,520 

4.225 

83,493 
30,904 
53.715 


86-, 279 
110,300 ; 
i 




Monroe 


g 


a 


Montgomery 


O 


3 


Neshoba 

Newtrn 


■•' >. •• 


9,300 i 

57. ill | 

149,531 ! 

44,517 j 

74,762 j 

9,260 1 
43,796 j 
49,878 i 
24,720 1 


48,977 




Noxubr^ 




57.075 

211,290 

33,550 

"*2!o5o' 
13,900 
75,391 






Oktibbeha .... 


., <U 


4; 


Panola 

T*earl River 

P°rry 


: 2 :: 


g 


Pike. ~ .. 

Pontotoc % .. 

Prentiss j.. £• . 


2 


Ouitman 





Rankin ...'.. 


30.907 

• 13.850 

20,588 

6,580 

18 " c ~ 
39,061 

60,999 
1,150 
44,996 


i.3,985 1 

"*i<M25 
17,780 


150,682 




Scott 




Sharkey 




Simpson 




Smith 




8,707 




Sumner 






Sunflower 




353,655 

74.916 

145,476 

42,373 
147,812 
63,862 


3.922 ' 
14,080 1 

53 ,'485 j 


15,900 
34,886 

81,138 






Tallahatchie :.. 


13,310 
195,874 





Tate 






Tippah 







Tishomingo . 








Tunica 




Union 




26,469 ■ 






Walthall 






Warren 


::::::::: 


1,302,207 


1,585,880 

409,524 j 

114,398 | 

27,058 

3,798 i 

17,959 

255,885 1 

179,443 i 

6,322 \. 


266,361 
102,340 
136,305 

"s,m 

?3,221 
22 , i>/' 
73.003 


674,165 
9,000 
1,800 

"'ii!3oo' 

16,1.50 .. 
206,849 
13,347 ! 


223,500 





Washington 







744,579 
341.610 

5-3,557 

21 ',193 

20,111 

168,420 

533.202 




Wayne 






Webster 




67!oi4 




Wilkinson 






Winston 







Yalobusha 




15,212 
2,000 




Yazoo 1 






All other 
counties (4) 







(a) Includes Franklin, Sunflower, and Tunica counties. 



STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 



737 



MANUFACTURES— WAGES— MISSISSIPPI. 



County.. 


1910 


1900 


1890 


1880 


1S70 


1860 


1850 


Total 


18.768,000 


7.471,886 


4.913,863 


1,192.645 


i 
1, 547.42S 1 


,618,320 




Adams 




222,522 

187 ',167 

29,096 

35.271 

5,063 

94,798 

11,042 

9,043 

11,556 

20,804 

77,204 

118.217 

65.213 

139,944 

2-58,824 

80,399 

23,000 


373,623 
89,872 
57,762 
14,913 
44,890 
35,612 

2,960 

9,700 
17,040 

1,859 
40,312 
63,401 

8,511 

39,475 

462,183 

2,822 
31 ,'970 


1<X),S68 

28,410 

5,478 

17,573 

5,160 

5,728 

4,507 

14,840 

6,517 

5,946 

500 

23,071 

10,559 

16,500 

134,880 

3,177 

5,003 


46,046 
21,350 [. 
1,300 i 
14,284 

1 


82,932 














27.9C0 
41,628 




Attala 






Benton 










200 i 
7,S20 ; 
37,024 i 
13,745 ; 

5,085 ! 


3,000 
17,160 
15,86t 










Carroll 






Chickasaw 




30,564 








44,256 
51 ,756 
17,820 










Clarke 




39, 800 ! 




Clay 










6,900 j. 

106,896 1 

1,450 1 

25,710 1. 

J. 


| 






30 840 


Covington 




8,880 




De Soto 







Forrest 






Franklin 




27,161 





1,154 


2,450 | 


6,036 ! 


George 








<s 


69,292 

36,756 

270,858 

127.173 

310,215 

43,646 

13,989 

10,240 

424,513 

4,541 

15,935 


5,072 

14,180 
107, 890 

73,887 
150,763 

17,409 


1,295 

7,107 
21.. 585 
20,200 
48,278 

6,310 
. 150 

2,268 
40,215 

1,260 

6,150 


9,000 |. 
10,050 1. 
2'>).ono . 
48,900 i 
68,042 | 
15,325 J 
0,100 | 
j 




Grenada 




5 


Hancock 


" o 


"60,816' 

51,060 

15,264 

300 

24,108 


*?. 


Hinds 






Holmes 


" >> ' ' 




Issaquena 


.. fi .. 


& 


Itawamba 


7,130 

157,969 

7,195 

21,373 


_ 




48,280 1. 
700 1. 
3,340 


~ 




(n 




- 


Jefferson 


3 


8,700 


£ 


Jefferson Davis 




%* 






350,114 
14,683 
17,140 


118,152 
8,713 
5,040 


433 

4.800 
5,795 


'"'si-zoo I. 

18,700 | 


2,928 


*i 








Lafayette 


!"-.-£ '.'. 


20,484 




Lauderdale 




613.112 

13.075 

9,278 

40,195 

94,817 

281,103 

145,733 

34.200 

68,322 

126', 485 

57,488 

3,662 

44,141 

24,044 

21,477 

16,891 

2<*>,646 

228,154 

7,357 
23,830 

3 874 
13,' 872 
12,695 


' 422.579 

4,779 

6,341 

33,262 

7,428 

154,924 

32,995 

10.351 

47 ,705 


59,603 

1,340 

1,950 

4,844 

750 

22,910 

36,019 

4 . *82 




27.6-6 
9,180 
5,772 






770 j 
3,310 1 
9,170 : . 

!. 








Lee 












14,595 j. 
74,398 ' 
00 ^>~> 








108,360 
60,1^0 

'660 
160,800 
41,340 














43,847 
, 35,881 
20,641 
4,805 
10,136 
18,154 
12,002 
14,138 
64,682 
99,223 

1,498 
32,066 

5*020 
38.G85 

5,509 




42,528 

21,685 

9,610 

2,801 

5,810 

17,141 

25,062 

12,405 


41,970 
7,680 | 














1,400 
26,258 '. 
23,672 

6,303 
22, 907 


13,788 










21,840 
34,620 
26,988 




Oktibbeha | 




Panola 1 




Pearl Rivr . 






295 

2,738 
7,062 


1,100 , 

6,505 
4,62i) . 


1,320 
27,264 


























3,781 
2,204 


4,600 
7,825 j 


39,876 
.7,440 




Scott 







47 — m 



738 



STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 



MANUFACTURES — WAGES— MISSISSIPPI. — Continued. 



County. 


1910 


1900 


1890 


1SS0 


1870 


1860 1850 






12,959 

20,207 

7,796 


j 
3,375 
6,329 
1,357 : 




L 1.:. 






1,425 
1,911 
2,222 


3,550 1. 
450 j 




Smith 




7,260 | 




50 




• •• g •■ 


87,936 
27.062 
36,290 
14,424 
6,903 
33,132 
18,860 




3,532 !. 
13,150 . 




Tallahatchie 


2 272 ' 
6^963 
14,746 
21,822 


2,369 
16,597 
5,191 
9,962 
300 
3,375 


8,508 ! 




o 


15,530 
29,338 1 


30,828 ! 


Tishomingo 




150,204 ; 








10,536 




Walthall 


<» .. 


** j 




3 !! 


597,592 

196, S50 

80,646 

18,687 

9,282 

4,999 

179,978 

85,422 


798,169 . 
174,179 ' 
50,922 
16,622 
6,522 , 
5,856 
157,773 ; 
51,637 , 
1 
3,657 | 
1 


185,968 
40,600 
28,110 


179,970 j 
3,000 ! 

5,000 |. 


907,540 | 


Washington 






h. 






.. | .. 


1,522 
1,808 
10.602 

26,481 


2,790 ! 
2,906 i. 
211,848 
6,592 j 

j 




33,000 








21,120 i 




900 | 


All other 




| 










1 1 



(a) Includes Franklin, Sunflower, and Tunica counties, 



MANUFACTURES— VALUE OF HOME-MADE— MISSISSIPPI. 



1 — 

County 


1870 


1860 


1850 


County 


1870 


1860 


1850 


Total 


$505,298 


$1,382,142 


$1,164,020 


Lee 


8,353 












Adams 




6,980 


6,945 


Lincoln 

Lowndes 

Madison 

Marshall'!'.!!!! 
Monroe 


12,231 
48 

316 

2!295 
5,480 








5,419 

2,429 


9,596 
18,628 

49 ,'656 

22,944 


28,342 




9,586 


10,588 
23 S02 


11,560 


Attaia 


1« ir>n 

42,' 435 
31,329 




3 

37,298 
1,680 

24,882 

33,848 

1,050 




150 




23,046 

3,949 

45,996 

136,848 

128,245 

2,393 | 




Carroll 

Chickasaw ... 

Choctaw 

Claiborne 

Clarke 


22,558 
37,892 
44,546 
13,030 
18,720 


Neshoba 

Newton 

Noxubee 

Oktibbeha 

Panola 


18,780 
12,333 
3,365 
7,473 
4,616 


19,985 
11,299 

9,513 
28,896 

6,813 


10,631 
20,686 
16,958 
14,254 
80 


Clay 




.;..-' 








.... 


8,676 
32,768 
29,124 
35,496 


Perry 


4,325 

2.887 

4,563 

. 17,169 


7,186 : 
17,644 
57,320 | 


16,595 


Copiah 

Covington .... 


3,582 
14,283 
3,573 


1.668 1 
75,190 
7,521 | 


Pike 


21,375 


Pontotoc 

Prentiss 


32,362 






::::::: 


Franklin 

George 


3,188 i 
. „. f | 


'2,358 j 
J 


6,696 


Rankin 

i Scott 


1,024 


11,457 : 
14,733 | 


14,742 
7,983 



STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 



739 



MANUFACTURES — VALUE OF HOME-MADE — MISSISSIPPL- 

Continued 



County 


1870 


1860 


1850 


County 


j 1870 


1860 

I 


1850 




5,665 
2,458 


4,851 


1,581 


Sharkey 1 


1 




Simpson 

Smith 

Sunflower 


45,442 
1 18,450 


13,275 
31,263 


38,063 






1,441 ! 

370 ! 

14,018 j 

11,949 j 

102 1 

48,424 | 

2,474 i 

20.3S2 

5,589 | 


21,637 






1,694 
1,016 
9,477 




Hinds 


1,475 
1,225 


Tallahatchie., j 

Tate 1 


2,308 


4,637 








Tippah 

Tishomingo ... 
Tunica 


54,197 
j 17,620 


144,269 
83,990 


53,648 


Itawamba .... 




86,699 

6,355 

20.820 

40,782 


39,703 






1,055 




10,501 
370 








Walthall 1 










51,798 


2,787 




10,838 
9,289 


19,782 

17,684 

1 27,490 


8,903 ! 
41,648 i 
129,944 ! 


Washington 






Kemper 


i 


1,285 






Webster ! 




Lamar 




Wilkinson I 


428 

14,820 

220 


1,081 


Lauderdale ... 

Lawrence 

Leake 


10,182 
8,512 
9,554 


19,063 
10,367 

i 14,278 

i 


2S.234 ' 

21,217 

10,976 


Winston 

Yalobusha ... 
Yazoo 


j 10,812 
! 1,143 
i 11,936 

I 


21,698 
49,966 
6.763 







740 



STATISTICS FOR MISSISSIPPI 







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CB 

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wqninM j s :« : : : :*>£«S g 
: : : : : ! 




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"* : : 


*-• 




eo j ee so r- cm eo so <—i oo t— -* oc to 

g jaqcanj^ ~cm^ -h-cm eo 

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Woolen goods in 
families, &c. 


SIB i 
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•paB^ iaci s^ 

08"I$ l« Tl«qsj«K is 
•q; Sq pafltuaAy cm 

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580 
7,898 


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apsm spj^A j : : : : : : :!S8 : j US 




sjuaoiqsnqieasa j » :-• ; : : j***-*""* 
Sapnioujnmai urcmoo : : : : : 


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Cotton iroods In 
families, &c. 


1 v ■ l A ' aq; Xq p^WAy w 1 




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f wt»i.ioooinooo 
e» o * « c L-t m t^ a « -^ 


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i i i i : i : i : i : 


er 






• 
33 

c 

3 
O 

O 






1 




::::::::::: 


S 

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Hi 1 






. f 



PART VI 



Legislative Department — 
Sketches of Senators. 
Sketches of Members of the House. 

The City of GuJfport. 

County Government. 



TV/- 7</iL 









' 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



REPRESENTATION. 

The legislative power of this State shall be vested in the Legislature, 
which shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives. (Con- 
stitution, Sec. 33.) . 



ARTICLE XIII. 

APPORTIONMENT. 

Section 254. The number of Representatives in the Lower House of 
the Legislature shall be one hundred and thirty-three, to be appor- 
tioned as follows: 

First. — The Counties of Choctaw, Covington, Greene, Hancock, Issa- 
quena, Jones, Lawrence, Leflore, Marion, Neshoba, Pearl River, Perry. 
Quitman, Scott, Sharkey, Simpson, Smith, Sunflower, Tallahatchie, 
Tishomingo, Tunica, Wayne and Webster, each shall have one Repre- 
sentative. 

Second. — The Counties of Alcorn, Amite, Attala, Bolivar, Calhoun, 
Carroll, Chickasaw, Clay, Coahoma, DeSoto, Kemper, Lafayette Madi- 
son, Newton, Pike, Pontotoc, Prentiss. Rankin, Tate, Union, Wilkin- 
son and Yalobusha, each shall have two Representatives. 

Third. — The Counties of Copiah, Holmes, Marshall, Monroe, Noxu- 
bee, Panola, Warren and Washington each shall have three Represen- 
tatives. 

Fourth. — The Counties of Franklin and Lincoln each shall have one 
Representative and a floater between them. 

Fifth. — The Counties of Tippah and Benton each shall have one Rep- 
resentative *and a floater between them. 

Sixth. — The Counties of Claiborne and Jefferson each shall have one 
Representative and a floater between them. 

Seventh. — The Counties of Clarke and Jasper each shall have one 
Representative and a floater between them. 

Eighth. — The Counties of Grenada and Montgomery each shall have 
one Representative and a floater between them. 



744 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

Ninth. — The Counties of Leake and Winston each shall have one 
Representative and a floater between them. 

Tenth. — The Counties of Harrison and Jackson each shall have one 
Representative and a floater between them. 

Eleventh. — The County of Yazoo shall have three Representatives, 
and the County of Hinds shall have three Representatives, and they 
shall have a floater between them. 

Twelfth. — The County of Lauderdale shall have three Representa- 
tives, one to be elected by the City of Meridian, one by the county out- 
side the city limits, and one by the whole county, including Meridian. 

Thirteenth. — The County* of Adams, outside of the city of Natchez, 
shall have one Representative, and the City of Natchez one Represen- 
tative. 

Fourteenth. — The County of Lowndes shall have three Representa- 
tives, two of whom shall be elected by that part of the county east of 
the Tombigbee River, and one by that portion of the county west of 
said river. 

Fifteenth. — The County of Oktibbeha shall have two Representa- 
tives, one of whom shall be elected by that portion of the county east 
of the line running north and south between ranges thirteen and four- 
teen, and the other by that portion of the county west of said line. 

Sixteenth. — The County of Lee shall have two Representatives, the 
County of Itawamba one, and a floater between them. 

Seventeenth. — In counties divided into legislative districts, any cit- 
izen of the county eligible for election to the House of Representatives 
shall be eligible to represent any district thereof. 

(The Counties of Lamar, Forrest, Jefferson Davis, George, and Stone 
each have one Representative.) 



THE SENATE. 

Sec. 255. The number of Senators shall be forty-five, and are ap- 
portioned as follows: 

First. — The County of Harrison shall constitute the First District 
and e'ect one Senator. 

Second. — The Counties of Wayne and Jones, the Second District, 
and elect one Senator. 

Third.— The Counties of Jasper and Clarke the Third District, and 
elect one Senator. 

Fourth.- -The Counties of Simpson and Covington, the Fourth Dis- 
trict, and elect one Senator. 

Fifth. — The Counties of Rankin and Smith the Fifth District, and 
elect one Senator. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 745 

Sixth. — The Counties of Pike and Franklin the Sixth District, and 
elect one Senator. 

Seventh. — The Counties of Amite and Wilkinson the Seventh Dis- 
trict, and elect one Senator. 

Eighth. — The Counties of Lincoln and Lawrence the Eighth District, 
and elect one Senator. 

Ninth. — The County of Adams the Ninth District, and elect one Sen- 
ator. 

Tenth. — The Counties of Claiborne and Jefferson the Tenth District, 
and elect one Senator. 

Eleventh. — The County of Copiah the Eleventh District, and elect 
one Senator. 

Twelfth. — The Counties of Hinds and "Warren the Twelfth District, 
and elect one Senator each and a Senator between them, to be chosen 
from the counties alternately beginning with Warren. 

Thirteenth. — The Counties of Scott and Newton the Thirteenth Dis- 
trict, and elect one Senator. 

Fourteenth. — The County of Lauderdale the Fourteenth District, and 
elect one Senator. 

Fifteenth. — The Counties of Kemper and Winston the Fifteenth Dis- 
trict, and elect one Senator. 

Sixteenth. — The County of Noxubee the Sixteenth District, and elect 
one Senator. 

Seventeenth. — The Counties of Leake and Neshoba the Seventeenth 
District, and elect one Senator. 

Eighteenth. — The County of Madison the Eighteenth District, and 
elect one Senator. 

Nineteenth. — The County of Yazoo the Nineteenth District, and 
elect one Senator. 

Twentieth. — The Counties of Sharkey and Issaquena the Twentieth 
District, and elect one Senator. 

Twenty-first. — The County of Holmes the Twenty-first District, and 
elect one Senator. 

Twenty-second. — The County of Attala the Twenty-second District, 
and elect one Senator. 

Twenty-third. — The Counties of Oktibbeha and Choctaw the Twenty- 
third District, and elect one Senator. 

Twenty-fourth. — The Counties of Clay and Webster the Twenty-fourth 
District, and elect one -Senator, 

Twenty-fifth. — The County of Lowndes the Twenty-fifth District, and 
elect one Senator. 

- Twenty-sixth. — The Counties of Carroll and Montgomery the Twenty- 
sixth District, and elect one Senator. 

Twenty-seventh. — The Counties of Leflore and Tallahatchie the 
Twenty -seventh District, and elect one Senator, 



746 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

Twenty-eighth. — The counties of Yalobusha and Grenada the Twenty- 
eighth District, and elect one Senator. 

Twenty-ninth. — The Counties of Washington and Sunflower the 
Twenty-ninth District. The County of Washington shall elect one Sena- 
tor, and the Counties of Washington and Sunflower a Senator between 
them. 

Thirtieth.— The County of Bolivar the Thirtieth District, and elect 
one Senator. 

Thirty-first. — The Counties of Chickasaw, Calhoun and Pontotoc the 
Thirty-first District, and elect two Senators. Both Senators shall at no 
time be chosen from the same county. 

Thirty -second. — The County of Lafayette the Thirty-second District, 
and elect one Senator. 

Thirty-third. — The County of Panola the Thirty-third District, and 
elect one Senator. 

Thirty-fourth. — The Counties of Coahoma, Tunica and Quitman the 
Thirty-fourth District, and elect one Senator. 

Thirty-fifth.— The County of DeSoto the Thirty-fifth District, and 
elect one Senator. 

Thirty-sixth. — The Counties of Union, Tippah, Benton, Marshall and 
Tate the Thirty-sixth District, and elect three Senators. The Counties 
of Tate and Benton shall be entitled to one, the Counties of Union and 
Tippah one, and the County of Marshall one. 

Thirty-seventh. — The Counties of Tishomingo, Alcorn and Prentiss 
the Thirty-seventh District, and elect one Senator. 

Thirty-eighth. — The Counties of Monroe, Lee and Itawamba the 
Thirty-eighth District, and elect two Senators, one of whom shall be a 
resident of the County of Monroe and the other a resident of Lee or 
Itawamba Counties. 

Thirty-ninth. — The Counties of Jefferson Davis, Marion and Wal- 
thall, the Thirty-ninth District, and elect one Senator. 

Fortieth. — The Counties of Lamar, Pearl River and Hancock the For- 
tieth district, and elect one Senator. *' 

Forty-first. — The Counties of George, Green and Jackson the Forty- 
first District, and elect one Senator. 

Forty-second. — The Counties of Forrest and Perry the Forty-second 
District, and elect one Senator. 

Section 256. The Legislature may at the first session after the State 
census of 1895, and decennially thereafter, make a new apportionment 
of Senators and Representatives. At each apportionment each county 
then organized shall have at least one Representative. New counties 
afterwards created shall be represented as may be provided by law 
until the next succeeding -apportionment. The Counties of Tishomingo. 
Alcorn, Prentiss, Lee, Itawamba, Tippah, Union, Benton, Marshall. La- 
fayette, Pontotoc, Monroe, Chickasaw, Calhoun, Yalobusha, Grenada, 
Carroll, Montgomery, Choctaw, Webster, Clay, Lowndes and Oktibbeha, 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 747 

or the territory now comprising them, shall together never have less 
than forty-four Representatives. The Counties of Attala, Winston, Nox- 
ubee, Kemper, Leake, Neshoba, Lauderdale. Newton, Scott, Rankin, 
Clarke, Jasper, Smith, Simpson, Copiah. Franklin, Lincoln, Lawrence. 
Covington, Jones, Wayne, Green, Perry, Marion, Pike. Pearl River, Han- 
cock, Harrison and Jackson, or the territory now composing them, shall 
together never have less than forty-four Representatives; nor shall the 
remaining counties of the State, or the territory now composing them. 
ever have less than forty-four Representatives. A reduction in the 
number of Senators and Representatives may be made by the Legisla- 
ture if the same be uniform in each of the three said divisions; but the 
number of Representatives shall not be less than one hundred, nor 
more than one hundred and thirty-three; nor the number of Senators 
less than thirty, nor more than forty-five. 
(1869, Art. IV, Sees. 34 and 35.) 



STATE SENATORS, EIGHTY-FOURTH SESSION. 

OFFICERS OF THE SENATE. 

President Lieut. Gov. Lee M. Russell 

President pro tern Carroll Kexdrick 

Secretary J. W. T. Falkner, Jr. 

Assistant Secretary J. K. Vardaman, Jr. 

Sergeant-at-Arms I. L. Tigert 

Doorkeepers W. H. Rees and W. H. Benton 

Postmistress Miss Carrie Oliver 

Stenographers Misses Adele Day and Corine Belk 

Pages W. C Phipps and F. H. Oliphant 



MISSISSIPPI LEGISLATURE, 1916-20. 

SENATORS. 
Session 1916-18. 

First District.— F. M. Johnson, (1916), Ford; Z. T. Champlin, (1918) : 
Biloxi. 

Second District. — C. W. Walley, Waynesboro. 

Third District.— J. W. White, Rose Hill. 

Fourth District.— H. C. Yawn, Lumberton, (1916); Bee King, (1918), 
Mendenhall. 

Fifth District.— E. M. Lane, Taylorsville. 



748 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

Sixth District. — C. E. Thompson, Garden City. 

Seventh District.— B. W. Huff, Centerville. 

Eighth District. — E. Harvey McGehee. Monticello. 

Ninth District. — W. C. Bowman, Natchez. 

Tenth District. — B. H. Wade, Tillman. 

Eleventh District. — J. Mi Coen, Mizpah. 

Twelfth District. — J. A. Baker, Jackson; G. E. Williams, (1*916), 
Jackson; George Anderson, (1918), Vicksburg; H. K. Murray, Vicks- 
burg. 

Thirteenth District. — L. Q. C. Williams, Union. 

Fourteenth District. — R. E. Thompson, Toomsuba. 

Fifteenth District. — John A. Clark, DeKalb. 

Sixteenth District. — J. Q. Poindexter, Ravine. 

Seventeenth District. — E. S. Richardson, Philadelphia. 

Eighteenth District. — C. B. Greaves, Flora. 

Nineteenth District.— S. P. Stubblefield, Yazoo City. 

Twentieth District. — L. C. Dulaney, Grace. 

Twenty-first District. — H. H. Casteel, Pickens. 

Twenty-second District. — David E. Crawley, Kosciusko. 

Twenty-third District. — W. R. Chrismond, Ackerman. 

Twenty -fourth District. — S. A. Miller, West Point. 

Twenty-fifth District. — W. P. Stribling, Columbus. 

Twenty-sixth District.— L. S. Hemphill, Valley Hill. 

Twenty-seventh District. — W. M. Whittington, Greenwood. 

Twenty-eighth District. — J. A. Blount, Grenada. 

Twenty-ninth District. — Van B. Boodie, (1916), Greenville; Walton 
Shields, (1918), Greenville; J. F. Burrow, Ruleville. 

Thirtieth District. — W. B. Parks, Merigold. 

Thirty-first District. — N. W. Bradford, Houston; Marshall T. Adams, 
Pontotoc. 

Thirty-second District. — J. C. Eskridge, DeLay. 

Thirty-third District. — C. B. Vance, Batesville. 

Thirty-fourth District.— L. C. Franklin, Clarksdale. 

Thirty-fifth District.— J. W. Barbce, Hornando, (1916); J. N. Brown. 
(1918), Olive Branch. 

Thirty-sixth District.— W. H. Dyson, Hickory Flat; S. C. Mims, Holly 
Springs; H. Clay Collins, Myrtle. 

Thirty-seventh District. Dr. C. Kendrick, Kendrick. 

Thirty-eighth District— T. K. Boggan, Tupelo; A. J. Cox, Smithville. 


















; 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 749 



NEW DISTRICTS AND SENATORS UNDER CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT OF 

» 1916. 

Thirty-ninth District, Jefferson Davis, Marion, Walthall. — S. J. 
Hathorn, Columbia. 

Fortieth District, Lamar, Pearl River, Hancock. — H. C. Yawn, Lum- 
berton. 
Forty-first District, George, Greene, Jackson. — F. M. Johnson, Ford. 
Forty-second District, Forrest x Perry. — Claude E. Hill, Hattiesburg. 



List of Standing Committees of the Senate. 

Rules. — Lieut. Gov. Russell, Pres. pro tern. Kendrick, Burrow Frank- 
lin, Walley, Boggan, Casteel, Eskridge, Hemphill. 

Constitution. — Yawn, Chairman; Burrow, McGehee, Thompson of 
6th, Walley, Baker, Crawley, Coen, Johnson. 

Judiciary. — Boggan, Chairman; Burrow, Murray, Whittington, 
Adams, Baker, Barbee, Blount, Boddie, Bowman, Lane, McGehee, Will- 
iams of 12tL, Mims, Stubbleneld, Stribling, Richardson, Franklin, 
Greaves, Clark, Crawley, Cox, Bradford. 

Finance. — Eskridge, Chairman; Walley, White, Thompson of 6th, 
Cox, Poindexter, Chrismond, Miller, Dyson, Hemphill, Kendrick, Yawn. 

Local and Private Legislation. — Casteel, Chairman; Walley, Boggan, 
Parks, Adams. 

Agriculture and Commerce. — Poindexter, Chairman; White, Walley, 
Crawley, Eskridge, Hemphill, Dyson, Parks, Collins, McGehee, Thomp- 
son of 6th, Williams of 13th, Miller. 

Public Education. — Williams of 13th, Chairman; Lane, Stribling, 
Blount, Whittington, Walley, McGehee, Thompson of 6th, Yawn. 

Public Works. — Greaves, Chairman; Collins, Mims, Parks, Williams 
of 13th. 

Printing. — Cox, Chairman; Coen, Walley, Yawn, Miller. 

Railroads and Franchises. — Williams of 12th, Chairman; Burrow, 
Yawn, Boggan, Hemphill, Coen, Walley, Whittington, Williams of 13th. 

Claims. — Clark, Chairman; Bowman, Barbee, Johnson, Williams of 
13th, Stribling, Greaves. 

Military Affairs. — Barbee, Chairman; Miller, Bowman, Williams of 
12th, Blount. 

Federal Relations. — Coen, Chairman; Thompson of 6th, Johnson, 
Stribling, White. 

County Affairs. — Mims, Chairman; Williams of 13th, Johnson, Bow- 
man, McGehee, Chrismond, Coen. 

Immigration. — Miller, Chairman; Greaves, Boggan, Thompson of 
6th, Yawn, Johnson, Kendrick. 



750 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

Registration and Elections. — Thompson of 6th, Chairman; Stribling, 
Barbee, Casteel, Coen, Walley, Wade. 

Unfinished Business. — Huff, Chairman; Wade, Collins. 

Banks and Banking. — Murray, Chairman; Burrow, Crawley, Whit- 
tington, Vance, Blount, Collins, Stribling, Parks. 

Contingent Expenses. — Stubblefield, Chairman; Lane, Adams. 

Penitentiary. — Hemphill, Chairman; Burrow, Collins, White, r Poin- 
dexter, Yawn, Chrismond, Cox, Franklin. 

Humane and Benevolent Institutions. — Adams, Chairman; Casteel, 

Lane, Williams of 12th, Cox, Mims, Bowman, Clark, Huff. 

Public Lands. — Lane, Chairman; Franklin, Walley, Vance, Boggan, 
Huff, Hemphill, Baker. 

Corporations. — Burrow, Chairman; Franklin, Adams, Dyson, Walley, 
Chrismond, White, Hemphill, Eskridge. 

Levees. — Parks, Chairman; Boddie, Greaves, Barbee, Burrow, Frank- 
lin, Whittington, Blount, Stubblefield. 

Engrossed Bills. — Blount, Chairman; Dulaney, Thompson of 6th, 
Wade, Stubblefield. 

Public Health and Quarantine. — Kendrick, Chairman; Poindexter, 
Casteel, Wade, White, Lane, Williams of 12th, Coen. 

Temperance. — Walley, Chairman; Mims, Thompson of 6th, Poindex- 
ter, Baker, Franklin, Blount, Whittington, Yawn. 

Pensions.— Vance, Chairman; Adams, Coen, McGehee, Huff, Poin- 
dexter, Clark, Johnson. 

Insurance. — Whittington, Chairman; Clark, Stubblefield, Williams 
of 12th, Murray, Cox, Bowman, Baker, McGehee. 

Fisheries and Game. — Richardson, Chairman; Collins, Miller, Parks, 
Stribling, Greaves, Christmond. 

Drainage. — Stribling, Chairman; Eskridge, Franklin, Hemphill, 
Thompson of 6th, Walley, Yawn. 

Municipalities. — McGehee, Chairman; Stubblefield, Boddie, Mims, 
Whittington, Bradford, Crawley. 

Roads. — Clark, Chairman; Boddie, Bradford, Poindexter, Coen, Bog- 
gan, Baker, Chrismond, Whittington. 

Fees and Salaries. — Franklin, Chairman; McGehee, Thompson of 
14th, Chrismond, Burrow, White, Eskridge, Walley, Richardson. 

Oyster Industry. — Johnson, Chairman; Casteel, Franklin, Poindexter, 
Murray, Yawn, Adams. 



Joint Committees. 

Executive Contingent Fund. — Chrismond, Chairman; Miller, Coen. 
State Library.— Bowman, Chairman; Baker, Mims. 
Enrolled Bills. — Dyson, Chairman; Mims, Lane, Richardson, Brad- 
ford. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 751 

Universities and Colleges. — Crawley, Chairman; Stribling, Williams 
of 12th, Miller, Barbee, Adams, Bowman. 

Investigate State Offices. — Coen, Chairman; Poindexter, Kendrick, 
Hemphill, Walley, Murray, Franklin. 



Senators and Their Committees for 1916-20. 

« 

Adams, Marshall T., Pontotoc, Thirty-first District. — Committees: 
Local and Private Legislation; Contingent Expenses; Humane 
and Benevolent Institutions (Chairman); Corporations; Pensions, 
Oyster Industry. 

Baker, J. A., Jackson, Twelfth District. — Committees: Constitution, 
Judiciary, Public Lands, Temperance, Insurance, Roads. 

Barbee, J. W., Hernando, Thirty-fifth District. — Committees: Judic- 
iary, Claims, Military Affairs (Chairman), Registration and Elec- 
tions, Levees. 

Blount, J. A., Grenada, Twenty-eighth District. — Committees: Judic- 
iary, Public Education, Military Affairs, Banks and Banking, 
Levees, Engrossed Bills (Chairman), Temperance. 

Boddie, Van B., Greenville, Twenty-ninth District. — Committees: Ju- 
diciary, Levees, Municipalities, Roads. 

Boggan, T. K, Tupelo, Thirty-eighth District. — Committees: Rules, 
Judiciary (Chairman), Local and Private Legislation, Railroads 
and Franchises, Immigration, Public Lands, Roads. 

Bowman, W. C, Natchez, Ninth District. — Committees: Judiciary, 
Claims, Military Affairs, County Affairs, Humane and Benevolent 
Institutions, Insurance. 

Bradford, N. W., Houston, Thirty-first District. — Committees: Judic- 
iary, Municipalities, Roads. 

Burrow, J. F., Ruleville, Twenty-ninth District. — Committees: Rules, 
Constitution, Judiciary, Railroads and Franchises, Banks and 
Banking, Penitentiary, Corporations (Chairman), Levees, Fees and 
Salaries. 

Casteel, H. H.. Piokens. Twenty-first District. — Committees: Rules, 
Local and Private Legislation (Chairman), Registration and Elec- 
tions, Public Health and Quarantine, Oyster Industry. 

Clark, John A., DeKalb, Fifteenth District.— Committees: Judiciary, 
Claims (Chairman), Humane and Benevolent Institutions, Pen- 
sions, Insurance, Roads (Chairman). 

Collins, H. Clay, Myrtle, Thirty-sixth District. — Committees: Agri- 
culture and Commerce, Public Works, Unfinished Business, Banks 
and Banking, Penitentiary, Fisheries and Game. 

Crawley, David E., Kosciusko, Twenty-second District. — Committees: 
Constitution, Judiciary, Agriculture and Commerce, Banks and 
Banking, Municipalities. 



752 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

Crismond, W. R., Ackerman, Twenty-third District. — Committees: Fi- 
nance, County Affairs, Penitentiary, Corporations, Fisheries and 
Game, Roads, Fees and Salaries. 

Coen, J. M., Hazlehurst, Eleventh District. — Committees: Constitu- 
tion, Printing, Railroads and Franchises, Federal Relations (Chair- 
man), County Affairs, Registration and Elections, Public Health 
and Quarantine, Pensions, Roads. 

Cox, J. A., Smithville, Thirty-eighth District. — Committees: Judiciary, 
Finance, Printing (Chairman), Penitentiary, Humane and Benev- 
olent Institutions, Insurance. 

Dulaney, L. C, Grace, Twentieth District. — Committee: Engrossed 
Bills. 

Dyson, W. H., Hickory Flat, Thirty-sixth District. — Committees: Fi- 
nance, Agriculture and Commerce, Corporations. 

Eskridge, J. C, DeLay, Thirty-second District. — Committees: Rules, 
Finance (Chairman), Agriculture and Commerce, Corporations, 
Drainage, Fees and Salaries. 

Franklin, L. C, Clarksdale, Thirty-fourth District. — Committees: 
Rules, Judiciary, Penitentiary, Public Lands, Corporations, Levees, 
Temperance, Drainage, Fees and Salaries (Chairman), Oyster In- 
dustry. 

Greaves, C. B., Flora, Eighteenth District. — Committees: Judiciary, 
Public Works (Chairman), Claims, Immigration, Levees, Fisheries 
and Game. 

Hemphill, L. S., Valley Hill, Twenty-sixth District. — Committees: 
Rules, Finance, Agriculture and Commerce, Railroads and Fran- 
chises, Penitentiary, (Chairman), Public Lands, Corporations, 
Drainage. 

Huff, D. W., Centerville, Seventh District. — Committees: Unfinished 
Business (Chairman), Public Lands, Pensions, Humane and Be- 
nevolent institutions. 

Johnson, F. M., Ford, First District. — Committees: Constitution, 
Claims, Federal Relations, County Affairs. Immigration, Pensions, 
Oyster Industry (Chairman). 

Kendrick, Dr. C, Kendrick, Thirty-Seventh District. — Rules, Finance, 
Immigration, Public Health and Quarantine (Chairman). 

Lane, E. M., Taylorsville, Fifth District. — Committees: Judiciary, 
Public Education, Contingent Expenses, Humane and Benevolent 
Institutions, Public Lands (Chairman), Public Health and Quar- 
antine. 

McGehee, Harvey, Monticello, Eighth District. — Committees: Consti- 
tution, Judiciary, Agriculture and Commerce, Public Education, 
County Affairs, Pensions, Insurance, Municipalities (Chairman), 
Fees and Salaries. 


















/ 






LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 753 

Miller, S. A., West Point, Twenty-fourth District. — Committees: Fi- 
nance, Agriculture and Commerce. Printing, Military Affairs, Im- 
migration (Chairman), Fisheries and Game. 
Mims, S. C, Holly Springs, Thirty-sixth District. — Committees: Ju- 
diciary, Public Works, County Affairs (Chairman), Humane and 
Benevolent Institutions, Temperance, Municipalities. 
Murray, H. K., Vicksburg, Twelfth District. — Committees: Judiciary, 

Banks and Banking (Chairman), Insurance, Oyster Industry. 
Parks, W. B., Merigold, Thirtieth District. — Committees: Local and 
Private Legislation, Agriculture and Commerce, Public Works, 
Banks and Banking, Levees (Chairman), Fisheries and Game. 
Poindexter, J. Q., Ravine, Sixteenth District. — Committees: Finance, 
Agriculture and Commerce (Chairman), Penitentiary, Public 
Roads, Health and Quarantine, Temperance, Pensions, Oyster In- 
dustry. 
Richardson, E. S., Philadelphia, Seventh District. — -Committees: Ju- 
diciary, Fisheries and Game (Chairman), Fees and Salaries. 
Stribling, S. P., Columbus, Twenty-fifth District. — Committees: Ju- 
diciary, Public Education, Claims, Federal Relations, Registration 
and Elections, Banks and Banking, Fisheries and Game, Drainage 
(Chairman). 
Stubblefield, S. P., Yazoo City, Nineteenth District. — Committees: Ju- 
diciary, Contingent Expenses (Chairman), Levees, Engrossed Bills, 
Insurance, Municipalities. 
Thompson, C. E., Garden City, Sixth District. — Committees: Consti- 
tution, Finance, Agriculture and Commerce, Public Education, 
Federal Relations, Immigration, Registration and Elections 
(Chairman), Engrossed Bills, Temperance, Drainage. 
Thompson, R. E., Toomsuba, Fourteenth District. — Committee: Fees 

and Salaries. 
Vance, C. B., Batesville, Thirty-third District. — Committees: Banks 

and Banking, Public Lands, Pensions (Chairman). 
Wade, W. H., Tillman. Tenth District. — Committees: Registration and 
Elections, Unfinished Business, Engrossed Bills, Public Health and 
Quarantine. 
Walley, W. C, Clara, Second District. — Committees: Rules, Constitu- 
tion, Finance, Local and Private Legislation, Agriculture and 
Commerce, Public Education, Printing, Railroads and Franchises, 
Registration and Elections, Public Lands, Corporations, Temper- 
ance (Chairman). Drainage, Fees and Salaries. 
White, J. W., Rose Hill, Third District. — Committees: Finance, Agri- 
culture and Commerce, Federal Relations, Penitentiary, Corpora- 
tions, Public Health and Quarantine, Fees and Salaries. 

48— m 



















































/ 






754 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

Williams, G. E., Jackson, Twelfth District. — Committees: Judiciary, 
Railroads and Franchises (Chairman), Military Affairs, Humane 
and Benevolent Institutions, Public Health and Quarantine, Insur- 
ance. 

Williams, L. Q. C, Union, Thirteenth District. — Committees: Agricul- 
ture and Commerce, Public Education (Chairman), Public Works, 
Railroads and Franchises, Claims, County Affairs. 

Whittington, W. M., Greenwood, Twenty-seventh District. — Committee: 
Judiciary, Public Education, Railroads and Franchises, Banks and 
Banking, Levees, Temperance, Insurance (Chairman), Municipal- 
ites, Roads. 

Yawn, H. C, Lumberton, Fourth District. — Committees: Constitution 
(Chairman), Finance, Public Education, Printing, Railroads and 
Franchises, Immigration, Penitentiary, Temperance, Drainage, 
Oyster Industry. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 755 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE TO BIOGRAPHICAL SECTION. 



In the preparation of the biographical section of the Register it is 
the purpose to bring together in one place, easily accessible to the 
people, biographical sketches of the men who represent them in the 
public service of the State, — their birth : lineage, occupation, edu- 
cational equipment and special qualifications for the work assigned 
them. The sketches have been prepared as well as it has been pos- 
sible from the somewhat defective data submitted. Handwriting in 
some instances has made it impossible to determine the spelling of 
names, and if any mistakes occur in that particular, it is deeply- 
regretted. 

In presenting the sketches it may be well to observe that it is 
highly important that the majority of the people, who rarely have 
the opportunity of coming in contact with the public officials of the 
State except when they are candidates for office, soliciting votes, 
should have some means of acquainting themselves with men 
who fill public office. As Major S. A. Jonas, the late lamented edi- 
tor of that clean, wholesome and all together fearless newspaper, 
the Aberdeen Examiner, once observed in commenting on the bio- 
graphical section of the Register, "The biography of every man who 
serves the people should be easily accessible to the press and to the 
people." 

Aside from local purposes, the origin and general character-of 
the population of the State is among the first inquiries of the home- 
seeker. That Mississippi is among the States of the Union whose 
population is made up of the descendants of the original founders 
of the American Republic, — a land of democracy, humanity and 
large opportunity, — is readily proved by a perusal of these sketches. 

There has been no attempt in these biographies to discuss the rel- 
ative merits or demerits of legislation promoted by any of the rep- 
resentatives of the State; that belongs to another historical pre- 
sentation. 

In the preparation of this section of the Register, I wish again 
to acknowledge my obligation to the faithful assistants who have 
rendered invaluable aid in the completion of the arduous task, 
which has involved such a great expenditure of time and labor. 
























/ 



756 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



SKETCHES OF SENATORS 



FIRST DISTRICT. 






k 




Francis M. Johnson 



FRANCIS MARION JOHNSON of Ford. State 
Senator from the First Senatorial District of 
Mississippi, was born October 22, 1850, at Am- 
ericus, Jackson County, Miss. He is the son of 
Samuel Wyles Johnson and Marie Louise 
(Graham) Johnson of Americus Jackson County. 
His father was a native of Georgetown Dis- 
trict, S. C and removed to Jackson County, 
Miss., where he reared his family and shared 
actively in the development of his section, be- 
ing always ready to respond to the call of his 
country in time of war. As a mere youth, he 
saw service in the Seminole War; served in 
the Mexican War; and though advanced in years, 
was a gallant soldier and officer of the Con- 
federacy, for which he gave up his life at the 
Battle of Missionary Ridge, near Lookout Moun- 
tain, in 1863. He was the son of Frank Johnson 
and Elizabeth Greaves of Georgetown District, S. 
C. The Johnsons are of English, Irish and Scotch 
ancestry, as was a large portion of the South 
Carolina colonial population. An ancient map 
in the archives of that state shows that a 
part of Mississippi was once included in the 
Province of South Carolina, in the earliest 
colonial period, and though time has restricted 
the boundary of that proud old state, her chil- 
dren's children now dwell where her ancient 
borders extended, and even as far south as Spain 
had established her two Floridas. This is the 
case with the Johnson family. Senator 
Johnson's mother was a native Mississ- 
ippian. daughter of William Graham and 
wife Elizabeth Cumbert of East Pascagoula, 
Miss. Being a youth of some fifteen years at 
the close of the Civil War, Francis Marion John- 
son had little opportunity for education, other 
than that gained by the daily occurrences of 
the momentious periods of War and Reconstruc- 
tion, in which last though in the first years of 
manhood, he took part as a member of the 
famous Ku Klux Klan, which organization pre- 
served the white civilization of the South. As 
a youth, he attended the schools of his county 
and by close application, prepared himself for 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



757 



the study of law and after completing- his law 
course, was admitted to the bar in 1879. His chief 
business, however, was the handling-, purchase 
and sale of lumber. Though he never practiced 
law, his studies along that line were of bene- 
fit to him, making him a safer and more intelli- 
gent business man. Senator Johnson has served 
as Magistrate, member of the County Board of 
Supervisors, and Alderman of the town of Moss 
Point, his residence. He has represented his 
county in a number of State Conventions, and 
was elected to the House of Representatives, 
November 7, 1911. While a member of this 
body he served on the following committees: 
Fisheries, Chairman of Commerce and Shipping 
Committee, Penitentiary, Railroads, Ways and 
Means, Public Printing, and Contingent Ex- 
penses. In November 1915, he was elected to 
the State Senate and is one of the able members 
of the body. His efforts in behalf of the preser- 
vation of Mississippi's Old Capitol, unselfish, 
continuous and untiring throughout the session 
of 1916, should always entitle him to the grati- 
tude of the people of Mississippi. In the Senate. 
he serves on the following committees: Con- 
stitution, Claims. Federal Relation, County Af- 
fairs, Immigration, Pensions, Oyster Industry of 
which he is chairman. Senator Johnson is a 
Democrat, member of the Methodist Church, 
Knight of Pythias and Woodman of the World. 
Served a term as Grand Chancellor K. of P., 
1906-7. He has been married three times: 
First to Josephine Nelson, February, 1871: sec- 
ond to Louise C. Rouble in 1877; third to Annie 
M. Kirkwood in 1879. They were all of Jackson 
County, Miss. Senator Johnson has two chil- 
dren: Louise R. Johnson, child of second mar- 
riage, (now Mrs. Paul Smith); T. Ford Johnson, 
son of present wife. 



ZACHARY TAYLOR CHAMPLIN. of Biloxi, 
Miss., was born March 28, 1847, at Handsboro, 
Harrison County. Miss.. He is the son of Will- 
iam Aaron and Margaret Smith Champlin of 
North- Stonmgton, Connecticut. The family 
came to Mississippi in the antebellum period of 
the State and settled in its coast country. 
William A. Champlin was the first Probate Clerk 
)f Harrison County and served in the Legisla- 
ture during the days of Reconstruction, at 
which time he rendered valuable assistance in 
restoring law and order to the commonwealth. 
Mr. Champlin is of English descent, his mother 
having been a native of Liverpool, England. He 
received his early education in the private 
schools of Harrison County and at the tender 




Zachary T. Champli 



758 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



age of fifteen, when scarcely more than a child, 
he entered the Confederate service, becoming' a 
"High Private" in Company C, Moorman's Bat- 
talion. Wirt Adams" Brigade, Forrest's Division. 
After the war, Mr. Champlin, who with so many 
of the young men of that period, had been 
denied liberal educational advantages, persisted 
in the effort to obtain an education and to pre- 
pare himself for a professional career. After a 
careful study of law, he was admitted t'o prac- 
tice in February, 1907. He served as Justice of 
the Peace from 1888 to 1912 and became Police 
Justice of Biloxi from 1912 to 1917. Having be- 
come widely known and popular throughout his 
section, he was induced by his many friends to 
enter state politics and was elected to the State 
Senate on February 10, 1917, to represent the 
First District, consisting of Harrison and Stone 
Counties. Senator Champlin is a Democrat and 
is independent of any political faction prefer- 
ing to do his own thinking in matters concern- 
ing the State's welfare. He is a deacon of the 
Baptist Church; a member of the fraternal or- 
ders of Masons and Woodmen of the World. He 
has been twice married, his first wife being 
Virginia White, after whose death he married 
Wilhelmina Schulze of Clinton, La. Senator and 
Mrs. Champlin have six children: William 
Henry Champlin, Mrs. Margaret Virginia 
Roberts, Mrs. E. G. Bond, Mrs. D. J. Gay, Lieu- 
tenant Walter Gates Champlin, and Mrs. Rosa 
Champlin Smith. 

Note: The data furnished in handwriting is 
sometimes very difficult to decipher, especially 
in the matter of spelling proper names. The 
writer, however, makes every effort to give all 
names correctly. 



SECOND DISTRICT. 



r 



,3^, -*»«* -■•.-» 



■3 



**f% 



i -i 



"% 



-\ 



Columbus W. Walley 



COLUMBUS WESLEY WALLEY of Clara, 
Senator of the Second Senatorial District of 
Mississippi, was born February 7, 1876, near the 
present town of Richton, Greene County, Miss. 
He is the son of Wiley Walley and Sarah Ann 
(Bradley) Walley of Henderson, Greene County, 
Miss., and of Old Augusta, Perry County, Miss. 
His father was too young to enter the Civil 
War; has resided always in the place of his 
birth where, in peace and contentment, he reared 
his family on a small farm. In addition to 
farming, he engaged to a small extent, in manu- 
facturing and saw-milliner. Wiley Walley was 
the son of Dr. John Walley and Cincada Walley of 
Greene County, Miss., the family having been 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 759 



established in Mississippi in its early development. 
Senator Walley's mother was the daughter of 
Sion Bradley and Aquila Bradley of Perry County. 
His maternal grandfather came to Mississippi 
from North Carolina and served in the War 
of 1812 ; his grandmother was a native of South 
Carolina. Both were of Irish descent. Dr. John 
Walley was the son of Gooseberry Walley and his 
wife, Susie Gardner Walley. They were the first 
of the family to settle in Mississippi, having come 
by way of Tennessee from North Carolina to 
finally settle on Thomson Creek, in what is now 
known as Wayne County, Miss. Gooseberry 
Walley served in the War of 1812 and Dr. John 
Walley was a private in the Confederate Army. 
Senator Walley received his early education in 
the public schools of Greene County; attended the 
High Schools of Leakesville. Greene County, and 
Waynesboro, Wayne County, in which institutions 
he obtained a thorough preparation for college. 
Later, he entered the Agricultural and Mechanical 
College, Starksvilie. Miss. He has been largely 
engaged in teaching and other school work for 
nineteen years, serving on Text-book Commission, 
on School Board Commission, and Board of Exam- 
iners ; also, served . Wayne County as Superin- 
tendent of Education from 1914 to 1916. Senator 
Walley is a Democrat ; a minister of the Methodist 
Church ; and is a member of the fraternal order of 
Masons. His wife was formerly Miss Eleanor 
Aimeada Smith, daughter of John A. Smith and 
Spicy (Kittrell) Smith, who lived at Jonathan, 
Greene County, Miss. Mrs. "Walley's father was 
a member of the Board of Supervisors for three 
terms, and represented his county in the lower 
house of the Legislature from 1896 tp 1904. 
Senator and Mrs. Walley have three children: 
Dwight Luther, Andrew, and Denton. 



THIRD DISTRICT. 



JOHN WOFFUKD WHITE of Rose Hill, j i -|g 

Miss., State Senator from the Third District, is P fjft #fcr iS* 

the son of Benjamin Wofford White and Eliza I '. f \ jp 
(Chatham) White and was born at Rose Hill, a _3& .f 

on November 18, 1863. His father was born at 
Spartanburg, in Spartanburg County, S. C. and 
with his parents, Moses White and Martha 
White, removed to Mississippi and settled at 
Rose Hill, Jasper County. Mr. White's mater- 
nal grandparents were Spender Chatham and 
Elizabeth Chatham, of Rosehill, Miss. His great- 
grandfathers, White and Wofford, served in the John W- White 



1 -*-;•■; 




| 
i 


Ww % - 




i 


i\ i 




J 



760 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



Continental army of the American Revolution. 
A brother of his paternal grandmother. Ben 
Wofford, was the founder of Wofford's College, 
and was the first Methodist in the world to give 
$100,000.00 to education. Mr. White received his 
education in the Rose Hill Institute. His in- 
terests lay in the business or planting- and he 
has always engaged in that pursuit. With his 
practical knowledge and his fondness for the 
work, he aided greatly in the work of the 
Farmers' Alliance and Farmers' Union. He has 
been active in temperance and prohibition work. 
He was a member of the People's Party until its 
dissolution, since which he has been a Democrat. 
He was elected to the State Senate in 1913. He 
serves on the following committees : Finance, Agri- 
culture and Commerce, Federal Relations. Peniten- 
tiary, Corporations, Fublic Health and Quarantine 
and Fees and Salaries. He is a member of the 
Methodist Church, and has served as Steward and 
member of the Board of Trustees, and as Superin- 
tendent of the Sunday School for over 20 years. 
He is a member of the Woodmen of the "World and 
of the Columbian Woodmen ; was a member of 
the F. E. C. U. and County president for two years. 
In early life, he married at Rose Hill. Miss., 
Clara Alice McKinnon, who died in young wom- 
anhood, leaving two children, a son and a 
daughter. On July 25, 1897, he married Mary 
Tryphenia Aycock, daughter of Andrew Jack- 
son and Mary Jane Aycock of Rose Hill, Mis3. 
Mrs. White's maternal grandmother was a Robin- 
son. Mr. White has five children : Daniel McKin- 
non, Clara Amelia, (Mrs. James Taylor) of Pachuta, 
Miss. ; by first marriage. John Harold, Wilbur 
Wofford, and Avie Lee, by second marriage. 



FOURTH DISTRICT. 




HENRY CLAY YAWN, of Lumberton, Miss., 
State Senator from the Fourth District of Miss- 
issippi, was born July 5, 1S5G» at Columbia Henry 
County, Alabama, and is the son of Green Berry 
Yawn and Malinda Yawn of Covington County, 
Miss. His father was a native of South Caro- 
lina, removed to Mississippi in 1860, entered 
the Confederate Army and served through the 
four years. He was the son of Isaac Yawn and 
Delilah Yawn who lived in South Carolina and 
afterwards moved to Georgia. Senator Yawn's 
paternal erreat-grandfather served in the Revo- 
lutionary War, his grandfather, Isaac Yawn, 
served in the Seminole War and his father in 
the Civil War. Senator Yawn's mother was the 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



761 



daughter of Jackson Yawn and Louisa Yawn 
of Alabama. His mother and father's families 
though having the same name were not known 
to be related. He received his early education 
in the rural schools of Coving-ton County, and 
at Mount Carmel and Columbia High Schools. 
After taking a special Commercial Course, he 
taught for several years in Columbia, Lumber- 
ton and Purvis High Schools. He was for some 
years treasurer of the town of Lumberton and 
was never a candidate for public office until at 
the solicitation of the voters of the Fourth Dis- 
trict he became a candidate for the State Senate. 
Among other legislation, he was a supporter of the 
bill for the Prohibition Laws that were enacted. 
In political faith, Senator Yawn is a Democrat ; 
is a member and steward in the Methodist Church, 
having been for fourteen years superintendent of 
his Sunday-school. In 190 i, he was Deputy Grand 
Master of Mississippi Masons ; was Grand Master in 
1907 ; is at present an officer in the Grand Chapter 
Royal Arch Masons, and Grand Patron of O. E. S. ; 
a Knight of Pythias and a Woodman of the 
World. On August 22, 1S93, Senator Yawn was 
united in marriage to Fannie Lea Limbaugh, 
daughter of Joseph Limbaugh and Sarah Ann 
Limbaugh, who live at Burns, Miss., both being 
natives of South Carolina. Joseph Limbaugh 
served m the Confederate Army four years. 
Senator and Mrs. Yawn's children are: Gladys, 
Fannie Lois, Henry Clay, Jr., Howard Hinton, 
and Rosalind. 



FIFTH DISTRICT. 



EDGAR MOORE LANE, of Taylorsville, Miss., 
State Senator from the Fifth District of Miss- 
issippi, was born September 2, 1884, at Lorena, 
Smith County, Miss. He is the son of George 
Oscar Lane and Viola Susan (Anderson) Lane, 
who lived at Lorena. Geo. O. Lane was a native 
of the state and lived at Burns, Miss.; until twelve 
years old ; then moved with his parents. Francis 
Asbury Lane and Harriet Lane, to Texas, where 
they lived one year; then moved back to Lorena 
in Smith County. Mr. Lane is of English and 
Scotch-Irish ancestry. His paternal ancestors 
came from England to America before the Am- 
erican Revolution. They belonged to the class 
of English gentry known as Cavaliers. His ma- 
ternal ancestors settled in America just after 
the Revolution. Both garndfathers, Francis 
Asbury Lane and Alfred Anderson, served four 
years in the Confederate Army rendering valli- 




Edgar M. Lane 



762 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



ant service throughout the entire war. His 
mother was the daughter of Alfred Anderson 
and Catherine Anderson, and from this, the ma- 
ternal side, Mr. Lane receives his Scotch-Irish 
blood. The common schools of Smith County 
furnished to Mr. Lane his early education, and he 
was a very studious youth. Later, he entered 
Mississippi College, where he won fame as a 
debater and graduated in 1908 with the B. A 
degree and "distinction.'' After studying law 
by a correspondence course, he entered the 
University of Virginia for resident work. Com- 
pleting this course in one year he began prac- 
tice at Taylorsville and Raleigh, Miss., in 1910. 
He soon established a lucrative practice and 
becoming widely known through his profession 
he was induced to enter the political field. He 
was elected State Senator in 1915, and during 
the session of 1916, he was very active in pro- 
moting all legislation which he believed would 
redound to the best interests of his state. 
He is one of the best equipped of the younger 
members of the Legislature and takes great 
interest in the work of State Legislation, and is 
as steadfast and immovable as granite in his ideals 
of honesty and integrity in public service. Sena- 
tor Lane is a Democrat and served as Secretary 
of the Democratic Executive Committee of 
Smith County, in 1907-1911. He is a steward in 
the Methodist Church, and belongs to the fra- 
ternal Orders of Masons and Woodmen of the 
World. On March 10, 1911, at Taylorsville, Miss., 
he was married to Hasseltine Rainer, daughter of 
George W. Rainer of Sylvarena, Miss. Her an- 
cestry was Scotch-English. Senator and Mrs. 
Lane have two children: Rabian Dahl and 
Chalmers Keith. 



SIXTH DISTRICT. 



m 



bw«m»^ -•M?r-v'=rwi 



1 J* s>-'- 



f r. 






Charles E. Thompson 



CHARLES ERNEST THOMPSON, of Garden 
City, Miss?;, Senator from the Sixth District of 
Mississippi, was born March 7. 1889 at Oak 
Grove Plantation in Franklin County, Miss. He 
is the son of Pharaoh Carter Thompson and 
Mary Sam (Marshall) Thompson of that county. 
His father is a man of generous public serv- 
ice, having been for many years deacon of the 
Spring Hill Baptist Church, Superintendent of 
the Sunday-school of that church, moderator of 
Carey Baptist Association, and Post-master of 
Garden City. He is the son of Bartlett Cala- 
han Thompson and Adeliza Adelia Thompson, 
originally from Wales, and settled in North 
of Franklin County. The Thompson family is 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 763 



Carolina in colonial times, various branches of 
the family having representatives in the Revo- 
lutionary Army, among whom, was Absalom 
Griffin who served with distinction under Gen- 
eral Green in the Carolinas and Virginia. Major 
David Thompson, a soldier of the American 
Revolution and a Major of militia in the War 
of 1812, was the first of the family to remove 
to Mississippi, settling on the Homochitto River, 
in what is now Franklin County. John L. 
Thompson, born in South Carolina, accompanied 
his parents in this emigration which occurred 
in the early part of the nineteenth century. He 
served as Major in the War of 1812. He was 
the father of Bartlett Calahan Thompson, who 
lived on the same estate, until a short time 
before his deatn, when he removed to Osyka in 
Pike County. He early volunteered in the serv- 
ice of the Confederate States, but was soon af- 
ter discharged on account of ill-health. After 
the war, he held various offices in his county. 
His second son, Pharaoh Carter Thompson, be- 
came the father of Charles Ernest Thompson. 
Senator Thompson's mother is the daughter 
of Samuel Gibbon Marshall and Lina (Hooper) 
Marshall of Hazelhurst and Crystal Springs, 
Miss., the latter's mother having been a mem- 
ber of the famous Alston family of South Caro- 
lina. Philip Gaines Alston came from South 
Carolina to Raymond, Miss., where he became a 
prominent and influential citizen. Senator 
Thompson received his early education under 
private tutors and did not attend public schools. 
He later entered Mississippi College from which 
he was graduated in 1914, with degree of B. S. 
While in college he was, at times, President and 
anniversarian of the Demosthenean Debating 
Society; Attorney and Secretary of the Philoma- 
thean Literary Society; Judge of the Moot Court 
Bar Association; a member of the Debating 
Council and of the T. M. C. A. Cabinet; repre- 
sented Mississippi College in the Inter-collegi- 
ate Debate. After graduation from Mississippi 
College he entered the University of Mississippi 
in 1916 and was graduated in 1917 with degree 
of LL. B. Senator Thompson is a member of the 
Independent Progressive Democratic party. His 
occupation has been that of a planter and stock- 
raiser. He is not a professional politician, hav- 
ing never asked for nor held any political office, 
until upon the solicitation of the voters of his 
community he consented to become a candidate 
for the State Senate in which body he has made 
for himself a worthy record among the young 
members. He stands for the highest and purest 
ideals in public service and is destined to come 
to the front in the future history of his state. 



764 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



His people are to be congratulated upon their 
selection of one to represent them whose honesty 
and integrity is unswerving. He is a member 
of the Baptist Church, is a Mason, and has never 
married. 




Daniel W, Huff 



SEVENTH DISTRICT. 

DANIEL WEBSTER HUFF, of Centreville, 
Miss.. Senator from the Seventh District of 
Mississippi, was born September 20, 1854, at 
Old Centreville, Amite County, Miss. He is the 
son of Dr. Holloway Huff and Caroline (Pome- 
roy) Huff of Wilkinson County, Miss. Dr. 
Holloway Huff was the son of Holloway Huff 
and wife, Katherine Longmire. of Gloster, Amite 
County. Miss. He practised medicine at Old 
Centreville for many years, after which he re- 
moved to Wilkinson County and engaged in cot- 
ton planting. Senator Huff's mother was the 
daughter of Ralph Wheelock Pomeroy and Mary 
(Starr) Pomeroy of Philadelphia, Pa. The fami- 
ly in Mississippi has shared in the educational 
and agricultural progress and advancement of 
the State and its representative in the Missis- 
sippi Senate has kept up the high standard of 
ideals and principles that are so characteristic 
of the better class of Mississippians. Senator 
Huff is a cotton planter and has served as a 
member of the Board of Supervisors of Wilk- 
inson County. He represented his county in the 
House of Representatives in 1904-06. As a pres- 
ent member of the State Senate, he is known 
as one of the capable and thoughtful members, 
and is independent of party factions, unpreju- 
diced and fair to all the interests of the state. 
In political faith, he is a Democrat; is a mem- 
ber of the fraternal Order of Knights of Pythias 
and was christened in the Presbyterian Church. 
In the Senate he serves on the following com- 
mittees: Public Land; Pensions; Humane and 
Benevolent Institutions: Unfinished Business of 
which he is chairman. On February 1, 1877. he 
was united in marriage to Mary Narcissus Lane- 
hart of Woodville, Miss., whose father, Hans- 
ford Lanehart, served as Second Lieutenant in 
the Confederate army. The mother died, leaving 
eight children. On March 3.1, 1902. he married 
Birdie Albertine Whitstone, of New Orleans, La., 
whose parents were Rawlins C. Whitstone and 
Evelyn Netterville Whitstone of Woodville, Miss. 
Senator Huff has nine children : Holloway Percy, 
Eva, Stella Lanehart. Mary Anna, Byron Pomeroy, 
Myrtis Lilian, Henry Van Eaton, Georgia Adams, 
and Mary Narcissus, the last being the child of 
his second marriage. 



y^gtag^B 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 755 

EIGHTH DISTRICT 

HARVEY M'GEHEE, of Monticello. Miss.. State 
Senator from the Eighth District of Mississippi 
was born June 11. 1887. at Little Springs Frank- 
lin County. Miss. He is the son of John Hiram Wm 
McGehee and Alice Katherine (Ford^ McGehee. 
He is of Scotch ancestry, his forbears emigrat- 
ing from that country with the first settlers 
of Virginia. For three generations, the family 
has resided at Little Springs. John Hiram Mc- 
Gehee during the period after the Civil Yv r ar 
gave valuable public service to the State, hav- j 
Ing- been a member of the Constitutional Con- 
vention of 1890. member of State Senate ses- %_ 
sions of 1892-4, and 1900-2. He has been on it^^mm&. 
the Board of Trustees of the Beauvoir Soldiers' 

Home since its establishment. His parents were Harvey M Gehee 

James Madison McGee and Rebecca Ann Jones 
of Little Springs. Senator Harvey McGehee's 
mother was a daughter of Bartlett Ford and 
Rebecca Ann Cain of Bunkley. Franklin County. 
Miss. He received his elementary training- in 
the schools of Little Springs and was graduated 
from the High School in 1906. An interesting 
sketch of Senator McGehee, in the Lawrence 
County Press of February 11. 1915. srives the 
following- account of his youthful efforts to at- 
tain front rank among the worthy sons of his 
State: "In colleg-e he was as popular and de- 
serving- as he is today, ar^ wa«* fU "-> ~~-i— '-~ + n* 
unusual honors. During the summer of 1907. 
between his junior and senior years, he repre- 
sented Mississippi College at the State Oratori- 
cal Contest at the Crystal Springs Chataqua. 
At the celebration of the fifty-sixth anniversary 
of his college literary society he was the an- 
niversarian, being chosen to that position 
unanimously, which was an exceptional honor. 
Later, when takiner his law course at the Uni- 
versity of Mississippi, he was chosen to repre- 
sent Mississippi at the Tri-state Debate, com- 
posed of r^pr^s^nt^tlv^s of Vanderbilt Univer- 
sitv. Baylor University, and the University of 
Mississippi. After graduating- in the law, he 
settled at Monticello. Miss., in 1909. where he 
has continued to practise as a member of the 
firm of Patterson & McGehee." "His reputation 
as a brilliant and polished orator has increased 
with the years, for -we find him in demand at 
almost every Woodmen celebration or unveiling- 
within hailing distance, and the number of 
school commencements in which he has figured 
as prineioal speaker is too larg-* 3 to mention. 
He served three years as messenger boy in the 
State Senate, the very body he is now seeking 
to enter as a member, and at an age when Im- 



766 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



pressions count for most The experience that 
he grained then will prove invaluable should he 
be elected. As a lawyer he is keen, alert dis- 
criminating, careful, and very successful,' and 
no worthier, more conscientious Christian gen- 
tleman lives than he." In the fall of 1915 Mr 
McGehee was elected to the Senate and his repu- 
tation as a member of that body is one that 
should inspire all young- Mississippians and 
judging from the present a brilliant career of 
much usefulness to his state awaits him. Sena- 
tor McGehee is a Democrat in political faith- 
is a member of the Baptist Church, Knights of 
Pythias and Woodmen of the World. He was 
married on April IS. 1916, to Miss Willie-Belle 
Brinson. daughter of W. W. Brinson and wife, 
Lena Bryant Brinson of Monticello, Miss. 




illiam C. Bowman 



NINTH DISTRICT. 

WILLIAM CHAPMAN BOWMAN, of Natchez 
Miss., Senator from the Ninth District of Missis- 
sippi, was born September 14, 1882, near Monroe. 
Ouchita Parish. La. He is the son of Francis 
Edwin Bowman and Pauline (Chapman) Bow- 
man of Alphenia Plantation. Tensas Parish, La. 
His father left Louisiana and resided in West- 
ern Texas from 1883 to 1898, when he returned 
to his plantation in Louisiana. He was a soldier 
in the Confederate Army, entering the service 
at the age of sixteen, during the latter part of 
the war, when the youth of the country was so 
heavily drawn upon in defense of the South. 
Hp was the son of James Bowman and Caroline 
S. Bowman, residents of the same plantation 
home which drew their son back from Texas. 
The Bowmans were of the old Planter class of 
Louisiana and for. many generations th<= v clung 
to their ancestral home with the same love that 
characterized their English ancestors. Senator 
Bowman's mother ^ s the d aug . hter of T7ilHam 
W. Chapman and Saluda Phnnman of Clinton 
and Monroe, La. He first attended the schools 
of Runnels County, Texas, and later those of 
Belton, Texas. Upon his parents' return to 
Louisiana, the young son attended the public 
schools of Natchez, Miss., for two sessions 
Prom 1900 to 1904. he was a student at Millsaps 
College, Jackson. Miss., from which he was 
graduated in 1904, with B. A. degree. The Univ- 
ersity of Mississippi next claimed him as a 
student of law and in that rnune, he Graduated 
In 1905. Young- Bowman's surroundings were 
such as to Inspire youth with noble ambitions 
and when he entered Mlllsaps College In th* 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



767 



fall of 1900, he was prepared in every way to 
reflect honor upon that institution. He was 
graduated in 1904 with the Degree of B. A. He 
afterwards took a law course at the University 
of Mississippi, taking two years in one and 
graduating in 1905. After graduation, during 
the summer of 1905, he located for practice in 
the city of Natchez with Gabriel Benoist Shields 
and remained with him until the latter's death 
in 1907. For a year Mr. Bowman practiced alone 
and then formed a partnership with Judsre 
William C. Martin, remaininer with him four 
years when he took Judge Richard Reed's place 
in the firm of Brandon & Reed, Judge Reed hav- 
ing accepted a place on the Supreme Bench of 
the State. Upon Judge Reed's retiring from the 
bench he reentered his old firm in June. 1917. and 
Senator Bowman is now practicing under the 
firm name of Reed. Brnndon & Bowman His 
modestv has prevented the writer from gathering 
any but the simple facts of his life, hut the record 
which he has made is so brilliant and so con- 
dusive of Mississippi's best interests that anyone 
who is at all acquainted with the worthy, gifted 
and thoroughly equipped young men of the State. 
could not fail to see in William C. Bowman one of 
the strongest, ablest and most trustworthy men of 
Mississippi. His first entrance into the public 
affairs of State was in the Senate of 1916 and his 
presence in that body was alike inspiring to his 
fellow-members and the people who attended the 
sessions. Senator Bowman is a Democrat, member 
of the Methodist Church and has been a mem- 
ber of the Board of Stewards for ten years. 
Since his srraduation from college he has con- 
stantly brer a teacher of the Sunday Schools 
and is at present the teacher of the Men's Bible 
Class of his Church. He belongs to the frater- 
nal orders of Masons, Woodmen of the World 
and the college fraternity of TCappa Sisrma,. On 
October 21st, 1908, he was united In marriage 
to Sammye Parker of Natchez. Mississippi. Mrs. 
Bowman is th^ daughter of Samuel and Gert- 
rude Parker of that place. 



TENTH DISTRICT. 

BATTAILLE HARRISON WADE of Tillman. 
Miss., State Senator of the Tenth District, was 
born September 14. 1856. at Prospect Hill 
Plantation," Jefferson County, Miss., and Is the 
son of Isaac Ross "Wade and Catherine E. Dun- 
bar of Jefferson County. His father was a na- 
tive of South Carolina from which state he re- 
moved with his parents to Mississippi and set- 




Battaille H. Wade 































































' 









• 



768 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



tied first at Oak Hill Plantation, then Prospect 
Hill Plantation, where he remained until his 
death which occured in his seventy-seventh 
year, in 1891. He was the son of Daniel Wade 
, and Jane Brown Ross of South Carolina and 
later of Oak Hill Plantation, Jefferson County, 
Miss. Senator Wade's mother is the daughter 
of James Dunbar and Betsey Bisland of "Dun- 
barton Plantation," Adams County, Miss: His 
great-grandfather, Isaac Ross, served in the 
South Carolina troops as a captain under 
General Sumpter, in the Revolutionary War. 
He removed to Mississippi in 1808 and settled 
at Prospect Hill Plantation, where he died in 
1836. Isaac Ross emancipated 186 negroes in 
1835 and colonized them in Liberia. The colony 
left Jefferson County, Miss., in 1845, after a con- 
test of ten years over the will of Captain Ross. 
Senator Wade was a boy of ten years after the 
close* of the Civil War, and his early education 
was received in the private and later in the 
public schools of his community. As with that of 
so many of the youths of the South, the Civil War 
interfered with his higher education, but the in- 
fluence of a cultured home and community, and 
an active participation in the public affairs of 
his county gave him an experience and equipment 
that made him an influential citizen of his section. 
He has rendered his community and section a 
service that has been both generous and val- 
uable. He served as a member of the Board 
of Supervisors from 1904 to 1908 in Jefferson 
County ; has been Trustee of the Jefferson 
County High School at Fayette, since its 
organization in 1898; Trustee of Chamberlain- 
Hunt Academy at Fort Gibson, since 1904; and 
Trustee of Red Lick Consolidated School from 
its organization in 1913. His election in 1915 
to the high office of State Senator from his Dis- 
trict was an honor well deserved and his in- 
fluence in that body is always cast upon the 
side of right. Senator Wade is a Democrat, a 
deacon in the Presbyterian Church, and is affili- 
ated with the fraternal order of Masons. On 
December 20, 1882, he was married to Caroline 
Olivia Wade of Cottage Home Plantation, Miss. 
Mrs. Wade is the daughter of Dr. Patrick Henry 
Wade and Martha Darden Wade of "Cottage 
Home Plantation." Senator and Mrs. Wade have 
six children: John Tate, Robert Dunbar, Pat- 
rick Henry, Edgar Guy, Olivia Wade, Battaille 
Harrison Wade, Jr. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



769 



ELEVENTH DISTRICT. 



JAMES M. COEX of Mizpah, Miss., Senato- 
from the Eleventh District, was born Sept. o-, 
1849, at Linden, Copiah County, Miss. He is the 
son of James Coen anrl Sarah Moore Coen. His 
father was a native of New York City and re- 
sided for a time at Port Gibson. Miss., where 
he married and later removed to Copiah County. 
At the time of his death, he was a resident of 
Linden, Miss. Senator Coen received his early 
education in the private schools of Copiah 
County, the public school system of Mississippi 
not having been established at that period of 
the State's history. The Civil War interrupted 
his further education and along- with the mass 
of the youth of the State, he entered the serv- 
ice of the Confederacy. He was a private in Com- 
pany G., 24th Mississippi Battalion of Cavalry and 
after years of faithful service to his country he was 
paroled by the Federal Government at Jackson, 
Miss., in 1 S64. After the war, he returned to 
his native county and engaged in farming 1 in 
which calling he has continued. Senator Coen 
took part in all community efforts and move- 
ments for the restoration of the State, which 
had been depleted by the ravages of the Civil 
War. During the days of reconstruction , he 
joined the famous Ku Klux- Klan and was ac- 
tive in all efforts for the preservation of order 
during the carpet-bag regime. Later he served 
as Justice of the Peace in his district for three 
terms, during 1S83-1S91. During the adminis- 
tration of this office he was untiring in his ef- 
forts to bring about respect for the law in his 
community and in promoting all legislation for 
the advancement of his section. He was elected 
to the State Senate in November, 1915, in which 
body he serves with ability. His ideals of pub- 
lic service are of a nature that command ad- 
miration of his colleagues and he is always 
found laboring for the moral and civic uplift of 
Mississippi. Senator Coen is a Democrat in 
political faith, is a member of the Methodist 
Church. He has never been a member of the 
fraternal orders and owes his popularity and 
advancement entirely to individual merit. In 
1881 he was married to Carrie M. Segrist at 
Brandywine, Claiborne County, Miss., daughter 
of B. L. Segrist and Ann Wheeler Segrist of 
Claiborne County. 






James M. Coen 



49— m 












/ 



770 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



*! 



JL, 



TWELFTH DISTRICT. 

JOSEPH ATKINS BAKER of Jackson. Sena- 
tor from the Twelfth District, was born Octo- 
ber 7, 1883, at Sharon, Madison County, Miss., 
W[ * an( * is tne son of William. Jackson Baker and 

~~\ , Almyra Atkins of Madison County. His father 

J j%* : - - was a resident of Sharon until 1884, after which 

j he removed to his plantation near Pocahontas, 

L Hinds County. Miss. At the age of sixteen he 

entered the Confederate service and was a mem- 
\0r\ ber of the State Militia the first year of the 

, 2y^€.'"^>- •■ i-w, war and was later transferred to the Army of 
\>4&W,. ; Northern Virginia, in which service he re- 

mained until the close of the war. His service 
as a Confederate soldier was conspicuous for 
Joseph A. Baker courage and heroism and his name appears on 

the rolls as present at all the great battles in 
which the Army of Virginia was engaged. Serv- 
ing with him was his brother, James M. Baker, 
and his father, Samuel Smith Baker, all of 
whom served throughout the war. After the 
surrender of the Confederate armies, William 
J. Baker took an active part during the days of 
reconstruction in restoring order in his county. 
His parents, Samuel Smith Baker, and wife, 
Eliza Austin Baker, of Sharon were amons- the 
prosperous .antebellum families of Mississippi. 
Senator Baker's mother was the daughter of 
Joseph Washington Atkins and Eleanor Savage 
of Louisville, Winston County, Miss. The At- 
kins family came to America from England dur- 
ing the early part of the eighteenth century and 
settled on the Yadkin River in North Carolina, 
and later removed' to Virginia where they held 
land grants from the crown. William Atkins, 
great-grandfather of Senator Baker, was a 
Revolutionary soldier and was married to Eliza- 
beth O'Connell, an Irish lady. In colonial t'mes 
the Atkins were close friends of the Washing- 
tons, Joseph Washington Atkins having been 
named for the family. The Bakers are of Irish 
and English ancestry. They came from England 
to America during the early part of the eigh- 
teenth century and settled in South Carolina. 
where they held land grants from the crown. 
After the Revolutionary War, they settled in 
West Tennessee. Samuel Baker, Senator Baker's 
great-grandfather, served in the Revolutionary 
War. In the early part of the nineteenth cen- 
tury, he removed to Madison County Miss., and 
afterwards to Texas, taking all his family ex- 
cept Samuel Smith Baker who continued to re- 
side at Sharon until his death. At this place 
he reared a worthy family among whom was 
the father of Senator Baker. The latter re- 
ceived his early education in the public schools 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



771 



of Madison County and later attended the 
Shreveport High School. He entered Millsaps 
College in 1901 in the Preparatory Department 
and finished with the degrees of B. S. and Ph. B. 
in 1906. In 190S-9, he took a law course in the 
same college with the degree of L. L. B. He 
was editor in chief, 1905-6 of "The Collegian," 
and was president of the Galloway Literary 
Society in 1906; also, member of the Kappa 
Sigma Fraternity. After leaving college, he 
taught for three years in the schools of Flora, 
Warren ton, Pittsburg of which he was prin- 
cipal. In 1910. he located in Jackson for the 
practice of law in which profession he was en- 
gaged when elected to the State Senate. He 
was elected to this honorable position in 1915 
and serves ab'y on the following- committees: 
Constitution; Judiciary; Public Lands; Temper- 
ance; Insurance and Roads. Senator Baker is a 
Democrat, member of the Methodist Church; is 
a member of the Blue Lodge Chapter and Coun- 
cil of Odd Fellows; also, of Knights of Pythias, 
and Woodmen of the World, holding responsible 
official position in the first mentioned. Senator 
Baker is also an active member of the local 
organizations of the city. He is unmarried, but 
says that he does not intend for *his to be a 
life condition. Senator Baker is now training for 
the military service of his country. 



G. E. WILLIAMS of Jackson, was elected to 
the State Senate in November, 1915. and is 
among the most brilliant and capable of the 
younger members of that body. He is a lawyer 
by profession and has been practicing for sev- 
eral years in Jackson, his equipment for the law 
being the best. In his relations with clients he 
is prompt, industrious and obliging. In the 
Senate his service is marked by an intelligent 
performance of all public duties. Senator 
Williams was a member of the following com- 
mittees: Judiciary; Military Affairs; Humane 
and Benevolent Institutions; Public Health and 
Quarantine; Insurance; Railroads and Fran- 
chises, of which last named he served as Chair- 
man. Mr. Williams furnishes little family his- 
tory, he however bears one of the most dis- 
tinguished family names in Mississippi's history 
and the numberless branches of this family in 
America have furnished the country distinguished 
representations in all the leading professions and 
avocations. 




G. E. Williams 



•'' 'A. '^^it:M 



772 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

~, w * m ;.-,-.. H. K. MURRAY of Vicksburff. Senator from 

■""■ "**^k tlie Twelftn District, was elected in November 

/^%:^\ 1915. He is a practicing- lawyer at the Warren 

f County bar and ranks as one of the leaders 

r+. ,^^ J among- the younger members. His equipment 

from a literary and professional standpoint is 
*<% equal to the demands upon him as one of the 

State's lawmakers. Hp has a pleasing address 
has the highest conception of his duty as a 
• *' JL member of the State Senate and is popular with 

* '^ nis colleagues. He is a member of the Judiciary 
Committee, .one of the most important commit- 
tees of the Senate. He is also a member of the 
following committees: Insurance; Oyster In- 
H. K. Murray dustry; Banks and Banking, of which last named 

he is Chairman. Mr. Murray is a member of one 
of Mississippi's best and most progressive fami- 
lies and w-hile he furnishes no detailed family 
history, the records of both Colonial Revolu- 
tionary and Confederate armies show that many 
of his name have served their country in vari- 
ous military capacities since the coming of the 
family to America. 



THIRTEENTH DISTRICT 

•a******"™ * — -™,^ LAMAR QUINTUS CINCINNATUS WILL- 

IAMS of Union. Senator from the Thirteenth Dis- 
„ , ^ 1 trict, was born April 18, 1881, at Beech Springs, 

., | Neshoba County, Miss, and is the son of Oscar Lane 

f »3Z w?£ !| Williams and Malee Stewart Williams of Be«^ch 

I ^Jl -jM Springs. His father, a native of Hinds County, 

1} ~**k spent his early boyhood near Raymond, where he 

' ' , i engaged in teaching and clerking for several years, 

after which he permanently located at Beech 
Springs, where he reared his family. His repre- 
sented Neshoba County for one term in the Legis- 
lature. Senator Williams' mother was the daugh- 
ter of W. L. Stewart of Damascus, Scott County, 
Miss. Senator Williams received his early edu- 
Lamar Q. C. Williams cation in the public schools of Neshoba County and 
at Harpersvillle College. He later entered Millsaps 
. College where he remained until he had finished the 
Sophomore work, leaving to take charge of a school. 
He continued to teach during the period of 1904- 
1909, after which he opened up a general mercan- 
tile business in which he is at present engaged. 
Senator Williams was a member of the Board of 
Alderman of the town of Union for two years ; 
member cf the Democratic Executive Committee 
of Newton -County for four years ; member of the 
Board of Education for Greene County for two 
years ; and a member of the Text-book Commission 
» of Mississippi, during the administration of Gov- 



i.A J 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



773 



ernor James K. Vardaman. As a member of the 
1916-1920 term of the State Legislature his ser- 
vices have been distinguished for faithfulness and 
devotion to the best ideals for which the people 
stand. His deep interest in the educational up- 
lift of Mississippi gives him a special work to per- 
form in his public service to the state and it is 
to such worthy representatives that we look to 
assist in abolishing illiteracy from our state. Sena- 
tor Williams is a Democrat and was a delegate to 
the State Convention from Newton County, and 
Executive Committee man from Xewton County 
for four years. He is a member of the Methodist 
Church in which he has served as steward and 
Superintendent of the Sunday-school from 1907 to 
the present time. He has been active in church 
work and in all social efforts for the uplift of his 
community ; is a member of the fraternial order of 
Woodmen of the World and holds one degree in 
Masonry. On December 28. 1905, he was married 
to Josie Mae McDonald of Beech Springs, Miss. 
Mrs. Williams is the daughter of Daniel Joseph 
McDonald and Mary Ella McDonald of Beech 
Springs. Senator and Mrs. Williams have two 
children : Lamar Carruth Williams and Mary Ella 
Williams. 



FOURTEENTH DISTRICT 



RICHARD EDGAR THOMPSON of Toomsuba, 
Miss., State Senator from the Fourteenth District, 
was born December 13, 1871. at Toomsuba. Lauder- 
dale County, Miss, and is the son of John Daniel 
Thompson and Susan Jane (Camp) Thompson of 
Toomsuba. His father, owing to a bodily affliction, 
was unable to join the Confederate service when 
war was declared between the States, but his 
patriotism was manifested in many ways for his 
section. Though a cripple throughout life, he was 
a man of exceptional industry and energy and 
reared a large and worthy family. He w,as the 
son of Ralph Thompson and Mary Louisa (Peavy) 
Thompson of Daleville and Toomsuba, Miss. The 
Thompson family is of Scotch and English ancestry, 
having emigrated to the Carolinas in colonial times, 
the family finally removing to Alabama and from 
that state to Mississippi in 1846, Ralph Thompson 
was the first representative of the family in 
Mississippi. His wife, Mary Louisa Thompson, 
was a native of Cuba, Ala., her family having re- 
moved to that state from Florida. She belonged 
to the old and aristocratic families of Gordons and 
Peavys of the early days of the latter state, sev- 




Richard E. Thompsoi 



774 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



eral representatives of which are now in the State 
of Mississippi. Senator Thompson's mother. Susan 
Jane (Camp) Thompson was the daughter of 
Richmond Harris Camp and Cynthia Caroline 
(Phillips) Camp of Lauderdale County. His ma- 
ternal great-grandfather. Nathan Camp, came from 
Georgia to Winchester Tenn. where he was married 
to Martha McClendon, a lady of Scotch ancestry. 
Richmond Harris Camp was born at Winchester. 
from which place he removed with his widowed 
mother to Aberdeen and assisted in building tne 
first house ever erected in that city. He entered 
the Methodist ministry and later was married to 
Cynthia Phillips. He afterwards entered the Bap- 
tist ministry and was always known for his great 
piety. The Phillips family is of Irish descent and 
after coming to America, removed from the Caro- 
linas to Tennessee and thence to Mississippi, where 
they are still represented by a family connection 
near' Old Collinsville, the birthplace of Attorney 
General Ross Collins of Mississippi. Senator 
Thompson's early educational opportunities were 
limited, but coming of a sturdy moral ancestry, he 
was possessed of high ambitions and ideals and 
through poverty and harsh rural conditions he 
made his way up to a position of honor and trust 
in his native State. As a lad he mastered "Web- 
ster's Blue Back Spelling Book, at home, and later 
attended a small country school from which he 
obtained sufficient education to take his place in 
the world with a fighting chance for victory. He 
continued to work on the farm and in his father's 
shop until he was made assistant Fost-master and 
railroad agent at Kewanee, Lauderdale County, 
Miss, in which position he served until he estab- 
lished a mail order job printing business. While 
serving as postmaster of Toomsuba, he helped 
to establish a R. F. D. Route and in many other 
ways assisted in advancing the best interests of 
his county. Senator Thompson is a strong ad- 
vocate of Peace and Conciliation among the na- 
tions and expresses himself very decidedly against 
the inhumanity or war, but is with his country 
in its struggle against the oppression of any 
foreign foe. He was a stanch supporter of the 
Populist party from its birth to its death ; was 
elected a delegate from Lauderdale County to the 
State Convention which met in the Old State 
Capitol in Jackson, Miss., in the summer of 1893, 
for the purpose of formulating a state platform 
and nominating a candidate for governor, on the 
Populist ticket Senator Thompson is a member 
of the Presbyterian Church but is very tolerant 
of all religious denominations believing thai 
sincere life filled with good works makes 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



775 



the Christian. He is a Master Mason of Toomsuba 
Lodge No. 130 of the F. and A. M. and has been 
offered several other positions in the Order, whicn 
he regards as one of the most helpful if its kind. 
Though a Mason, he is not t an advocate of secret 
societies generally. Senator Thompson is the 
author of "Life in Mississippi.' an extended sketch 
published in the Columbus Ohio Medical Journal. 
This he hopes to publish in book form at some fut- 
ure time. 

On December 13, 1891, he was married to Mollie 
Elizabeth Hurtt near Toomsuba, Miss. Mrs. 
Thompson is the daughter of Obediah Jackson 
Hurtt and Amelia Ann (Mitchell) Hurtt of Lauder- 
dale County. Her father was a native of South 
Carolina from which state he removed first to 
Alabama and then to Lauderdale County, Miss. 
He served in the Confederate army throughout the 
war and was seriously wounded. Senator and 
Mrs. Thompson have no children of their own, but 
in May 1903 they adopted two children:- Paul 
and Carl Jordan. The former is at present with 
the Second Infantry Company, United States Army, 
stationed at Honolulu, Hawaii. 



FIFTEENTH DISTRICT. 



JOHN ARCHIBALD CLARK, of De Kalb, Miss., 
State Senator from the Fifteenth District, was born 
August 24, 1883 at Pea Ridge, Kemper County, 
Miss., and is the son of Alexander John Clark and 
Frances Jane (Henson) Clark of Pea P.idge. His 
father was a native of South Carolina and removed 
from that State with his father, Malcolm W. Clark, 
when but five years of age. The family has re- 
mained in the same locality since its removal to 
Mississippi. Senator Clark's mother was the 
daughter of Edward Henson of Kemper County, 
Miss. He received his early education in the 
High Schools of Cleveland, Miss., and later at- 
tended Cooper Institute of Daleyville, Miss. In 
1903, he was graduated from Millsans College of 
law and began practice well equipped for the pro- 
fession. He located for practice at DeKalb in 1903, 
where he has since practiced. He was a member 
of the Board of Aldermen and City Attorney for 
the Town of DeKalb in 1913, 1914 and 1915 ; also, 
attorney for Board of Supervisors of Kemper 
County in 1915. In 1915 he was elected to a seat 
in the Senate and is an ardent supporter of the 
present administration. He serves on the fol- 
lowing committees: Humane and Benevolent In- 
stitutions; Judiciary; Pensions; Insurance; Roads; 




John A. Clark 



776 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



Claims, serving: as chairman of the last two men- 
tioned. Senator Clark is a Democrat ; member of 
the Methodist Church, in which he served as 
steward in 1915. He is a member of the 
Masonic Order and • the Columbian Woodmen. 
On October 23. 190 4. he was married to Matilda 
Tann of Meridian. Mrs. Clark is the daughter of 
Thomas Meredith Tann and Annie E. Tann of 
DeKalb. Miss. Senator and Mrs. Clark have one 
child: — Helen Alexandra Clark. 



SIXTEENTH DISTRICT 




m2^.^:^^;^m^hi 



m 



& 



John Q. Poindexter 



JOHN QUARLES POINDEXTER of Ravine, 
Miss., State Senator from the Sixteenth District, 
was born March 10, 1&54. at Gainesville., Ala. He 
is the son of William Riee Poindexter and Martha 
Jane 'Barnett) Poindexter of Macon. Miss. His 
father was a native of Fredericksburg:, Virginia. 
In young manhood lie removed to Alabama where he 
taught a female school at Gainesville, Ala., in 1853- 
54 and one at Hollywood. Ala., across the Bay of 
Mobile, after which he removed to Macon, Miss., and 
founded a female colloge known as the Calhoun 
Institute, which he conducted until the second year 
of the Civil War. becoming at that time private 
secretary to Mississippi's war Governor, Charles 
Clark. He died of yellow fever in 1870 and was 
buried at Macon, Miss. He was the son of Thomas 
Poindexter, a lawyer of New Orleans who is buried 
at Woodville. Miss. 

Senator I oindexter's mother was the daughter of 
Charles Barnett and Eliza Jane Gresham Barnett 
of Oglesthrope County, Ga. He obtained his early 
education under his father's instruction in the Cal- 
houn Institute of Macon, Miss., and Hollywood, Ala. 
After the death of his father, he attended the 
Reagan High School at Morristown, East Tennessee, 
for four years. After leaving school he became a 
successful planter and merchant. 

Senator Poindexter was an advocate of the 
bill for the preservation of Mississippi's Old Capitol 
and other legislation. In political faith he is a 
Democrat ; a member of the Presbyterian Church. 
in which he takes an active interest, and a mem- 
ber of the fraternal order of Masons. 

On June 10. 1878. he was married to Lucinaa 
George Richards at Mashulaville, Miss. Mrs. Poin- 
dexter is the daughter of Littleton B. Richards and 
Caroline S. Cochran. Senator and Mrs. Poindexter 
have four children: — John Barnett, .Martha Little- 
ton. Ethel Roby, and Grin Quarles. 



*s ^ 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 777 

SEVENTEENTH DISTRICT 

EARL STRIPLING RICHARDSON of Philadel- g*w^ 

phia. Miss.. State Senator from the Seventeenth Dis- 
trict was born May 29, 1879, in Neshoba County, 
Miss. He is the son of Will 'am Wescott Richardson 
and Nancy Kenehelo (Stribling) Richardson or 
Neshoba County. His father was a native of Bel- 
mont. Sumpter County. Ala., where lie lived until 
immediately after the Civil War. when he removed 
to Mississippi. He was one of the founders and 
promoters of the Neshoba County Fair of which he 
was a life time director. He was a member of 
Board of Supervisors of Ids county, which office he 
held until his death in 190 6. He was the son of 
Wescot Richardson of Alabama, a representative 
of one of the early families of that state. Earl S. Richardson 

Senator Richardson received his elementary train- 
ing in the publ'c schools of Neshoba County, after 
which he attended Waldo High School, and later 
entered Millsaps College, where he graduated in the 
Daw Class of 190 2 and 1903. Immediately upon his 
graduation, he began the practice of law as a mem- 
ber of the firm of Byrd. Wilson and Richardson. 
At the beginning- of ids career he was with such 
able lawyers as Congressman Adam Byrd and Sena- 
tor G. E. Wilson, and when the partnership ended 
in 1910. he was appointed City Attorney, which 
office he held until 1912. 

He was president of the Neshoba County Fair for 
about ten years. He is a Democrat, a member of 
the Methodist Church, and is affiliated with the 
fraternal orders of Masons. Odd Fellows. Wood- 
men of the World and Knights of P\ th'ias. 

On July 1. 1907. he was married to EUzabe^h 
Crockett, daughter of Thomas N. Crockett and 
Josephine Crockett of Philadelphia, Miss. Thomas 
N. Crockett was for many years Circuit Clerk of 
Neshoba County. 

Senator and Mrs. Richardson have two children : 
Sterling Richardson (son) and Tommie Earline ^r^r-ir --v^ee : rmsm^'r m ^m 
(daughter). '"^V;!/ \ 



EIGHTEENTH DISTRICT 



m*^- 



Wt9\ 



■S** 



CLARENCE BUDNEY GREAVES, of Flora, 
Miss., Senator from the Eighteenth District, was 
born August 22. 1863, at Livingston. Madison 
County, Miss He is the son of Stephen Arne 

Decatur Greaves and Sarah (Lowe) Greaves. His 
ancestors came to America from England ; paternal 
grandfather, Joseph BIythe Greaves, was a soldier 
in the Revolution from South Carolina. The father 
of' Senator Greaves was First Lieutenant of the 
Downing Rifles, First Regiment of Mississippi clarence B. Greaves 















' 



778 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



Volunteers. Mexican War, under the command of 
Col. Jefferson Davis ; was a lawyer at Raymond. 
Miss., and represented Hinds County in the Legis- 
lature. 

Senator Greaves attended the primary schools 
of Madison County ; attended for one session the 
Mississippi Agricultural & Mechanical College ; read 
law and was admitted to the bar at Canton, Miss., 
in 1889 ; located at Flora. Miss. ; was elected to the 
State Senate from Madison County in 1895 : elected 
to the House of Representatives November 3, 1903. 
In the House of 1904-6, he was a member of the 
following committees: Judiciary, Railroads, Execu- 
tive, Contingent Fund, Engrossed Bills, Re-Dis- 
tricting the State. He was elected to the Senate 
November 7. 1911. which position he has since held 
continuously. In the first sessions of the Senate of 
1916-20, he won much honor and distinction by his 
fervent advocacy of the constructive legislation 
which marked that body. He is one of the most 
eloquent speakers and best debaters of the Senate, 
and his high sense of honor makes him one of the 
most trusted public servants in the state's service. 

On July 16, 1893, at Pocahontas, Miss., Senator 
Greaves was married to Elizabeth Baker, daughter 
of James M. and Fannie (Pettus) Baker. Mrs. 
Greaves' ancestors came to America from Ireland. 
She is the granddaughter of William Austin or 
Hinds County. 

Senator and Mrs. Greaves have four children : — 
Leila Crisler, Harry Battley, Clarence Budney, Jr., 
and Eleanor Elizabeth. He is a member of the 
following committees: — Judiciary, Claims. Immi- 
gration. Levees, Fisheries and Game, Public Works 
of which he is chairman. 



NINETEENTH DISTRICT 



PETER STUBBLEFIELD of Yazoo City. Senator 
from the Nineteenth District, was born March 12. 
1888, near Vaughn in Yazoo County, Miss., and is 
the son of Simon Peter Stubblefleld and Elizabeth 
Wath'ngton of Yazoo County. His faiher was a 
native of the same county, where he spent his life. 
During the Civil War, he- enlisted in the 18th Mis- 
sissippi Regiment ; was wounded in the second 
Battle of Manassas and was afterwards transferred 
to Withers' Artillery. He made a faithful soldier 
and shared in all the achievements of the command 
to which he belonged. He was the son of William 
Henry Stubblefield and Mary (King) Stubblefleld, 
the third generation to represent the family in 
Peter Stubblefleld Yazoo City. 

Senator Stubblefield's mother was the daughter 




LEGISLATIVE. DEPARTMENT 



779 



of William Watlington and Elizabeth Wilmore Wat- 
lineton of Yazoo City. His maternal great-grand- 
father, Julius "Watlington, was a colonel of United 
State troops in the year 1812 and his father. John 
Watlington and uncle, Paul Watlingon. were both 
capta-'ns of the Virginia Colonial troops in tht 
Revolutionary War. 

Senator Stubblefield is broadly educated. He 
attended the community schools of his county in 
early youth, and later was a student of Mississippi 
College, for the years 1903-4-5. after which he at- 
tended the University of Mississippi, from which 
he was graduated in 1908. with the degree of B. 9. 
After graduating, he took a post graduate course 
in the College of Political Science at the George 
Washington University in St. Louis. He studied 
law in b6th the University of Mississippi and the 
George Washington University, his unusual school 
advantages having thoroughly equipped him for 
that profession. During 1911 and 1912, he was 
clerk for United States Senator, John Sharp Wil- 
liams. 

Having become influential and popular in his 
section, he was urged to enter the race for State 
Senator in 1915 and was elected in the following 
November. In that body, he has won for himself 
a high reputation as an advocate of all legislation 
conducive to the welfare of the State and on every 
side throughout the session was heard the remark: 
"Pete Stubblefield is one of the best equipped and 
strongest members of the Senate " His ideals of 
honor and justice are clear-cut and his advocacy 
of any legislation strengthens the measu'-e. 

In political faith. Senator Stubblefield is a Demo- 
crat and has always rendered that party faithful 
service In 1911. he was married to Mary Augusta 
Smith of Indianola, Miss. Mrs. Stublefield is the 
daughter of Addison Burrows Smith and Beatrice 
Holt Smith of Indianola. Senator and Mrs. Stub- 
blefield havo one child : — Gloria. 



TWENTIETH DISTRICT 

LORRAINE CATCHINGS DULANEY of Grace, 
Miss., State Senator from the Twentieth District, 
was born December 29th, 1862, at Pearl Cottage 
Plantation, Madison County, Miss. He is the son 
of Dr. William Johnston Dulaney and Lorraine 
Catchings Dulaney of Madison County. Dr. Dulaney 
was a native of Orange County, Va., whence he 
removed to Mississippi in 1833, first living at So- 
ciety Ridge, Hinds County, and afterwards in Mad- 
ison, the adjoining county. He was a graduate of 




Lorraine C. Dulaney 



780 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



the Medical Department of the University of Vir- 
ginia in 1833 and practised medicine until his death 
in 1880. He was the son of William Dulaney and 
Sarah Greaves Dulaney of Orange Courthouse, Va. 

Senator Dulaneys ancestors, both paternal and 
maternal, came from England and settled in Vir- 
ginia in the early colonial days. They were among 
the ante-bellum pioneers of Mississippi and have 
been active in the development and progress bf the 
State. The Dulaneys are closely related to Richard 
M. Johnston, the hero of the battle of Thames. 
vice-president of the United States, and conqueror 
of the great Indian chief. Tecumseh. 

Senator Dulaney's mother was the daughter of 
Augustus Catchings and Harley Cassidy Catchlng9 
of Hinds County. Mrs. Catchinsrs was a s ; ster of 
Major A. j. Casidy of Confederate fame. The 
family has. for many generations, been identified 
with the bpst interests of Mississippi and its var- 
ious representatives have always ranked with the 
truest exponents of the social, civic and political 
honor of the State. 

Senator Dulaney received his education in the 
public schools of Hinds and Madison counties, sup- 
plemented by a business course in F'oughkeepsie, 
N.. Y. He is a practical, intelligent and self-made 
man who has won a high place in the affairs of the 
State. Owing to financial losses brought about by 
the Civil War, he had to struggle for an education 
and livelihood, when a young - man. After his 
father's death Senator Dulaney, just entering 1 man- 
hood, was thrown on his own resources and has 
carved from the practical experience of life a suc- 
cessful and influential career. Though cotton- 
planting and stock-raising has been his calling and 
has brought him good returns, he has since early 
manhood taken an active part in the affairs of his 
county and, more recently, he has served his State 
in high positions of honor and trust. He was twice 
a member of the House of Representatives from his 
county: was levee commissioner, beginning work in 
1882, when twenty years of age; was cotton tax 
collector ; and was chairman of the county Demo- 
cratic Committee for twelve years. He is also a 
member of the State Executive Committee. 

He is a Democrat and has always rendered his 
party faithful service: a member of the Methodist 
Church. Though not allied with any of the fra- 
ternal orders, he Ls one of the most successful office 
holders in the State. 

He has been twice married : his first wife. Emma 
A.tkinson, having' been a member of a prominent 
Jackson family. After her d<^ath, Senator Dulanev 
was married, August 5. 1889, to Caroline Harris, 
daughter of Capt. William Mercer Harris and Sue 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



781 



Grifflng Harris. Mrs. Dulaney is the neice of Gen. 
Nathaniel H. Harris, Brigadier-General of the 16th, 
19th. 48th and 12th Regiments, during the Civil 
War. By his first marriage Senator Dulaney has 
one child : — Mrs. Emma Dulaney Field, wife of 
Oscar Addison Field of St. Louis, Mo. 



TWENTY-FIRST DISTRICT 



HOMER HARRIS CASTEEL, of Pickens, Miss., 
was born April 14, 1879, at Walnut Grove, Miss., 
the son of Marion Lafayette Casteel and Virginia 
(Lindsey) Casteel. His paternal ancestors were 
French : maternal. Scotch. His great-grandfather 
served m the Mexican War, and both grandparents 
rendered heroic service in the Civil War. Senator 
Casteel's early education was obtained in the com- 
mon schools of Leake County, later lie aaenueu 
the Mississippi Central Normal at Walnut Grove. 
He has always been a farmer, and his first civil 
office came to him in his election to the State 
Senate, November 7, 1911, from the Twenty-first 
District. He was re-elected in 1915 for the term 
of 1916-20. 

Senator Casteel is a Democrat ; a Methodist ; a 
Knight of Pythias and a Mason, and has served 
as Junior and Senior Warden in the Masonic Order. 
He is unmarried. 

In the campaign for State Senator in 1911, he 
advocated a guarantee bank law. which his opponent 
apposed, and he was elected on that issue. During 
his first term in the Senate he was a member of 
the following committees : — Registration and Elec- 
tions, Banks and Banking (Chairman), Finance, 
Public Health & Quarantine, Agriculture, Commerce 
and Manufactures. He is much interested in the 
reform of the banking laws of the State, and as a 
member of the Senate of 1916 — 1920 has taken 
great interest in legislation. 




Homer H. Casteel 



TWENTY-SECOND DISTRICT 

DAVID EPHRAIM CRAWLEY of Kosciusko, 
Miss..* State Senator from the Twenty-second Dis- 
trict, was born February 11, 1886, at Center, Attala 
County, Miss. He is the son of Dr. James Tanner 
Crawley and Lucy Catherine (Dicken) Crawley of 
Attala County. Dr. James T. Crawley was the son 
of David P. Crawley and Margarette Russell of 
Gainsville. Sumpt'jr bounty, Ala. David P. Crawley 
was a native of North Carolina, his wife being a 
native of Alabama. He was commissioned as Cap- 



David E. 



7S2 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



tain of a company of volunteers by Governor A. G. 
Brown in 1847. He also took part in the removal 
of the Indians from this country to the West. 

Senator Crawley's mother was the daughter of 
Ephraim Dieken and Sarah Stone Dicken of Stone 
Mountain. Ga. Ephraim Dicken was a member of 
Company C, 11th Confederate Cavalry and rendered 
faithful service to the Confederacy throughout the 
Civil War. 

Senator Crawley obtained his early education in 
the common schools of the village of Center, and 
later attended the High School of Kosciusko. He 
entered the University of Mississippi in 1904. where 
he completed a full literary course in 1911. During 
this time he won the Freshman medal of the Her- 
mean Society, the Marcus Taylor medal in Chemis- 
try, and the medal offered by the United Daughters 
of the Confederacy for the best essay on Patriotism. 
This six-years course included his legal education, 
in which he graduated in June, 1911. He began 
practice of his profession in Kosciusko, Attala 
County, and in Carthage, Leake County, pursuing 
his work in both counties. 

Senator Crawley gives but a meager outline of 
his success at the bar and of his participation in 
the various activities of his county and section, but 
it can be readily surmised from the ability he dis- 
played in the State Senate, to which he was elected 
from the Twenty-second District for 1916, that he 
had made for himself an enviable reputation, both 
as a successful lawyer and as a public spirited citi- 
zen, of whom any section of the State has a right 
to be proud. His influence for or against a measure 
invariably brought out the giants of debate in the 
Senate, for it was soon recognized that it took the 
best equipped speakers of the body to cope with 
him. Well prepared, ardent and convincing, he 
fought his opponents with weapons hard to with- 
stand and more than once during the heated de- 
bates of the session, his masterly efforts won ap- 
plause even from those whom he opposed. The 
writer remembers on one occasion to have listened 
spellbound to a powerful speech delivered by him 
in opposition to a measure of the? deepest interest 
to many. But while Senator Crawley was a dreaded 
antagonist, he took no mean advantage of his op- 
ponents and so clear-cut were his ideals of truth 
and honor that the bitterest opponent could but 
admire him. His influence upon legislation was 
felt throughout the session. 

In political faith he Is a Democrat and has al- 
ways rendered his party valuable service. He be- 
longs to the fraternal orders of Masons, Woodmen 
of the World, and Order of the Eastern Star. He 
is unmarried. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



783 



Senator Crawley is at present in the service of 
the United States in the war with Germany and no 
more gallant spirit ever followed the Flag in the 
cause of Liberty and Humanity. 



TWENTY-THIRD DISTRICT 



WILLIAM RILEY CHRISMOND of Ackerman. 
Miss., State Senator from the Twenty-third District. 
was born April 30, 1868, at Greensboro, Webster 
County, Miss. He is the son of David Edwin 
Chrismond and Eivenie Tyson Chrismond of Greens- 
boro. David Edwin Chrismond was the son of 
John B. and Winnie Chrismond who lived near 
Louisville, Miss. He was among the progressive 
farmers of Webster County and was active in the 
development of the social and civic life of his com- 
munity. John B. Chrismond was a native of West 
Virginia, from which state he removed to Missis- 
sippi and settled in Winston County, where he re- 
sided until a short period before the Civil War. 
when he removed to Sumner (now Webster) 
County, Miss. He was a veteran of the War of 
1812 and, as long as he lived, drew a pension from 
the United States. He died near Walthall in 183 4. 

Senator Chrismond's mother was the daughter of 
John Wesley Tyson and Mary Ann Tyson of Web- 
ster County. Senator Chrismond attended the pub- 
lic schools of Webster County until 1888, in which 
he was carefully prepared in the elementary 
branches. His early youth was such as to develop 
a strong, useful career. Reared in a rural district. 
far from the railroads, he spent his time in labor 
on the farm. 

In 1889, he entered the Bellefontaine High School 
in which he received a preparation for his life 
work, which was that of teaching in the public 
schools of the State, a profession which he followed 
for ten years. 

In 1899, Senator Chrismond was elected Justice 
of the Peace in his district, in which capacity he 
served four years ; was afterwards elected Sheriff 
of Choctaw County in 1911 and served four years. 
He was elected State Senator from the Twenty- 
third District. 

Senator Chrismond is a Democrat and has al- 
ways taken a keen interest in politics, both state 
and national. He has been a member of the Baptist 
Church for many years ; does not belong to any 
societies nor fraternal orders. 

On December 10, 1892, he was united in marriage 
to Willie Florence Stephenson, daughter of John 



Vmmimim^^gpj fi ^i^f i ^ c 







William R. Chrismond 
























' 



784 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



Wesley Stephenson and Josephine Stephenson of 
Choctaw County. Miss. 

Senator and Mrs. Chrismond have six living chil- 
dren: — Dewey Lee. Longino Lawton, Ruth. Stella. 
Thelma and Bessie. 



TWENTY-FOURTH DISTRICT 




Scheller A. Miller 



SCHELLER ALEXANDER MILLER of West 
Point, State Senator from the Twenty-fourth Dis- 
trict, was born June 1. 1SS5. at Una. -Clay County, 
Miss., and is the son of Thomas Wesley Miller and 
Jimmie Adrian Shell of Una. His father was a 
native of Abbott. Clay County, Miss. At the age of 
sixteen he enlisted in the Confederate service in 
which he rendered faithful service throughout the 
four years of its existence. He was a member of 
the famous Palo Alto Rifles and was wounded at 
Missionary Ridge. After the war he engaged in 
farming-, sharing in all the vicissitudes of Recon- 
struction, during which period he was active in 
promoting all movements for the restoration of his 
section, which had been ravaged by war. He was 
the son of Alex Miller of Spartanburg, S. C. The 
first of the paternal line to come to America landed 
in Charleston. S. C. a penniless youth, near the 
close of the Revolutionary War, and in the land 
of freedom, democracy and large opportunity took 
his place in the ranks of the builders and makers 
of America. 

Senator Miller's mother was the daughter of 
John Shell and Susan Westbrooks of Aberdeen, 
Miss. His riaternal gTeat-great-grandfather West- 
brooks was a soldier in the Revolution. One ances- 
tral line traces this family back to the French 
Huguenots of South Carolina ; another to England. 
In America, the family has furnished numerous 
representatives to its public service. 

Senator Miller received his early education in 
the public schools of his community, after which 
he entered the Mississippi Agricultural and Me- 
chanical College, where he graduated in 1907 with 
the degree of B. Sc, after which he taught in the 
rural schools for three years. He later graduated 
at Cornell University with a like degree. He then 
entered agricultural work. He was for several 
years agricultural and industrial agent for railway 
companies. He later was employed in the State of 
New York in connection with the dairy industry, 
which gave him an opportunity to travel over New 
York and many other states. 

His talents and energy did not admit of his long 
remaining in obscure positions and the citizens of 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



785 



his community soon recognized his ability, and 
urged him to enter the political field. After a suc- 
cessful canvass, he was elected to the State Senate 
from the Twenty-fourth District. In the work of 
that body he has proved worthy of the splendid 
people of his District. He entertains no personal 
bitterness for those with whom he differs and his 
manner is affable and kindly to all. his sincerity 
of purpose being recognized and admired. 

In the summer of 1916, Senator Miller was ap- 
pointed Superintendent of the Agricultural High 
School of Chickasaw County. The school is re- 
garded as one of the best state institutions and is 
beautifully located in the prairie belt of Mississippi. 

Senator Miller is a member of the Methodist 
Church, is unmarried, a Mason, and partial to 
agricultural pursuits. 



TWENTY-FIFTH DISTRICT 



WILLIAM PLEASANT STRIBLING of Colum- 
bus, Miss., State Senator from the Twenty-fifth Dis- 
trict, was born August 12, 1S73, at Fulton, Ita- 
wamba County, Miss., and is the son of Shelton 
Randolph Stribling and Mary Jane (Cates) Strib- 
ling of Fulton, and later of Columbus, Lowndes 
County, Miss. 

Senator Stribling is of English and Scotch an- 
cestry. His family first settled in South Carolina. 
from which state they came to Tennessee and later 
to Mississippi. His father was a native of Mad- 
ison County, Tenn., from which place he re- 
moved to Itawamba County, Miss., soon after 
the Civil War and engaged in the mercantile 
business at Fulton. He later removed to Colum- 
bus, where he died, January 25, 1914. He was 
the son of William Stribling of Madison County 
Tenn. Senator Stribling's mother is the daugh- 
ter of Pleasant and Hettie Anderson Cates of 
Fulton. The> removed to Mississippi from Ten- 
nessee. He received his elementary training in 
the public schools of Fulton and later attended 
Bellbuckle College in Tennessee. He afterwards 
'entered Cumberland University in 1891. De- 
ciding upon law as his profession, he first took 
the law course at the University of Mississippi 
and then entered the Law department of Cum- 
berland University, from which he was grad- 
uated in 1896. After his admission to the bar 
at Tupelo, Miss., he practised at that place for 



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William P. Stribling 



50 — m 



.86 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



a time, and deciding- to see the "West," he 
practised his profession for a short time at 
Muskogee, Indian Territory and at Marlin. 
Texas. After one year he returned to Tupelo 
and in 1904 located at Columbus, at which place 
he is at present engaged in the practice of his pro- 
fession. He was elected to the Strife Senate in 1915. 
Senator Stribling is a Democrat, an elder of 
the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, a mem- 
ber of the fraternal orders, Knights of Pythias, 
and Beta Theta Pi (Mu Chapter), of Cumber- 
land University. On August 20, 1916, he was 
married to Frances Blanche Eddins at Carroll, 
La. She is the daughter of Josiah Eddins and 
Sarah Frances (Duncan) Eddins of Pickens 
County, Ala. 



TWENTY-SIXTH- DISTRICT. 



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Lewis S. Hemphill 



LEWIS SIMPSON HEMPHILL of Valley Hill, 
State Senator from the Twenty-Sixth District, 
was born March 9, 1853, at that place, the son 
of James Simpson Hemphill and Anne Eliza 
(Mabry) Hemphill. His father's family came 
to Mississippi from Alabama, and his mother's 
from Petersburg, Virginia. Mr. Hemphill ob- 
tained his early education in the public schools 
of his county, and has been engaged in farm- 
ing at Valley Hill since early manhood. He 
was elected to the Mississippi Legislature in 
1896, to All the unexpired term of Judge W. F. 
Stevens; was re-elected in 1&99, serving four 
years; was elected to ihe House of Representa- 
tives November 7, 1911. He was elected to the 
State Senate in November, 1913. He is a Demo- 
crat and was made Chairman of the Execu- 
tive Committee of his county in 1892, and 
served several years. He is a member of the 
Episcopal Church; member of the Masonic Order. 
the Odd Fellows, Elks, and Woodmen of the 
World. He was married December 16, 1S85, 
at Valley Hill, to Ida Julia Martin. They 
have four children:- Bessie, James Simpson, 
Everette Martin and Vassar Dewey. Senator 
Hemphill is a member of the following Com- 
mittees:- Rules, Finance, Agriculture and Com- 
merce; Railroads and Franchises; Public Lands; 
Coroprations; Drainage; Penitentiary, of which 
he is chairman. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



7S7 



TWENTY-SEVENTH DISTRICT. 



WILLIAM MADISON WHITTINGTON of 
Greenwood, Miss., State Senator from the 
Twenty-seventh District, was born May 4, 187$, 
at Little Springs, Franklin County, Miss, and 
is the son of Alexander Madison Whittington 
and Margaret Isaphene MeGehee of Eddiceton. 
Franklin County, Miss. His father was a na- 
tive of Amite County from which he removed 
to Franklin County. He has been for many 
years engaged in mercantile and farming pur- 
suits and for a while lived at Gloster and 
Roxie, Miss., but is at present a citizen of Ed- 
diceton. He was the son of William Whit- 
tington and Evelyn Whittington of Little 
Springs. The Whittingtons, like so many ante- 
bellum Mississippi families, came of an ances- 
tral long identified with agricultural pursuits 
and for many generations assisted in the de- 
velopment of the State's agricultural interests, 
also taking an active part in the social and 
political affairs of Franklin County. Senator 
Whittington obtained his early education in the 
public schools of Franklin and Amice counties 
and later attended Mississippi College from 
which institution he was graduated in 1S98, 
with the degree of B. A., taking, first honors in 
his class. He afterwards entered the Law De- 
partment of the University of Mississippi in 
1899 and was graduated with distinction, hold- 
ing the degree of LL. B. and being chosen as 
one of the Commencement orators for his class. 
He began practice at Meadville, with office at 
Roxie, Franklin County, Miss., in January, 1900, 
where he remained some four years. In 1904, 
he located in Greenwood, Leflore County, and 
formed a successful partnership with former 
Attorney-General Monroe McClurg and A. F. 
Gardner, under the firm name, Mcclurg, Gard- 
ner & Whittington. After the dissolution of 
this firm, he associated himself with Samuel 
J. Osborn with whom he has continued to prac- 
tice in the city of Greenwood, to the present 
time, winning for himself a high reputation 
as a lawyer. Interested in the welfare of his 
adopted city, he served as a member of the 
Board of Aldermen from January, 1907 to Jan- 
uary, 1911. His interest in educational, reli- 
gious and political affairs brought him much in 
contact with the people of his city and adjacent 
section of the State, and he was induced to 
become a candidate for the State Senate. His 
election to that office in November, 1915, was 



$¥* *■* ** 



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K- 






Wm. M. Whittington 



788 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



very satisfactory to the people of his city and 
district and his subsequent good work in pro- 
moting all legislation that affects the best in- 
terests of the State, has rendered him very pop- 
ular with the people of his section and through- 
out the entire State. As a member of a body of 
distinguished Mississippians, Senator Whitting- 
ton took front rank with its able debaters and 
leaders in the discussion of all questions' that 
relate to the social and political welfare of 
Mississippi, ever proving himself a ready and 
earnest defender of any measure which he 
deemed of intrinsic value to the people. He has 
been frequently mentioned as a probable candi- 
date for Governor. In addition to his professional 
career, to which most of his time is devoted, he has 
always followed the life of a planter and his planting 
interests in Leflore County have been a source 
of much pleasure to him. Senator Whittington 
is a Democrat in political faith; a member of 
the Baptist Church and has filled many official 
positions in that denomination. He has been 
Superintendent of the First Baptist Church of 
Greenwood since 1908, was President of the 
Mississippi Baptist Convention in 1910-12, and 
has been President of the Baptist Education 
Commission of that Convention since 1912. He 
was also Vice-President of the Southern Bap- 
tist Convention in 1911. He is affiliated with 
the fraternal orders of Masons, Woodmen of 
the World, and Elks. On July IS, 1910, he was 
married to Anna Ward Aven of Clinton, Miss. 
She is the daughter of Prof. Algernon Jasper 
Aven and Mary Bailey Aven of Clinton, Miss. 
Mrs. Whittington is highly accomplished and 
holds the degree of Ph. D. from Bryn Mawr 
College. She also enjoys the distinction of be- 
ing the only woman who has ever graduated 
from Mississippi College, this privilege having 
been awarded her on account of her father's 
havine been so loner in service for the Colleere. 
Her parents are among the most cultured people 
of the State. Prof. A. J. Aven has been Profes- 
sor of Latin in Mississippi College for twenty- 
seven years. He is an A. B. of the University 
of Mississippi and has been honored by his 
Alma Mater with the degree of LL D. Mrs. 
Aven is also highly accomplished in many, fields 
of culture and has been Librarian of Mississippi 
College for ten years. Senator and Mrs. Whittington 
have two children: Mary Bailey and William Madi- 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



789 



TWENTT-EIGHTH DISTRICT 



JAMES ANDREW BLOUNT of Granada. Mis?.. 
State Senator from the Twenty-eighth District, 
was born December 2:). 1884, at Williamsburg, 
Covington County, Miss, and is the son of 
Thomas C. Blount was the son of William 
of Collins. Miss. His father entered the Con- 
federate service in 1S62, at the early age of 
fifteen, as a private in the Fourth Mississippi 
Cavalry Regiment, tfnder Captain William 
Barnes and Gen. Nathan B. Forrest. He shared 
in the many heroic efforts of these brave de- 
fenders of the South throughout the Civil War 
Thomas C. Blount was the son of William 
Blount and Mary Loflin Blount of Blountsville. 
Miss. The family, which has many representatives 
in the early military annals of America, settled in 
Mississippi before the Civil War and took part in 
the pioneer development of Lawrence County, re- 
moving later to Covington and Grenada Counties, in 
which last Senator Blount resides. His mother is 
the daughter of Lawrence McCollum and Jane Mc- 
Collum of Williamsburg, Miss. He received his 
early education in the public schools of Cov- 
ington County; entered Millsaps College in 1904 
from which he was graduated in 1908. with 
the degree of Ph. D. and B. S. In the sum- 
mer of 1909-10, he took a post graduate course 
at the University of Mississippi. He was Super- 
intendent of the public schools of Charleston, 
Miss for three years, in which position he was 
very successful. Though having already en- 
joyed unusual educational advantages, being 
very ambitious to equip himself thoroughly for 
his life work, he attended Harvard University 
in 1911 and received from that institution a 
certificate of education, and later studied law 
at the University of Chicago, 1912, and Milsaps 
College, 1913, graduating with the degree of 
LL. B. After graduating in law. in 1913, he 
located for practice at Grenada. Miss., and soon 
was recoernized as one of the lead ; ng lawyer 
of North Mississippi. Becoming very popular 
with the people of his section, he was induced 
to offer for the State Senate, to which position 
he was elected in November, 1915. Senator 
Blount is recognized as one of the ablest young 
members of the Legislature of 1916-20, and no 
representative of that body entertains hierher con- 
ceptions of duty to the State. He is a Democrat, a 
deacon in the Presbyterian Church and is affiliated 
with the fraternal orders of Masons, Woodmen of 
the World, and the Kappa Alpha Fraternity of 
Millsaps College. Senator Blount is unmarried. 
Senator Blount is at present in the service of his 




790 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



country, to which service he is ardently and pas- 
sionately devoted. 




Van Buren Boddie 



TWENTY-NINTH DISTRICT 

VAN BUREN BODDIE of Greenville State 
Senator from the Twenty-ninth District, was 
born January 20, 1869, at Memphis, Tenn., the 
son of Van Buren Boddie and Anna (Jewel!) 
Boddie. Senator Boddie obtained his early edu- 
cation in the common schools of his vicinity, 
did not enter college but read law in the office 
of Messers. Yerger and Percy in Greenville; 
he was admitted to the bar in 1893, beginning 
practice in that city. He was a member of the 
Legislature during the session of 1902 and 1906, 
filling the unexpired term of F. E. Larkin in 
the first-named year, and that of Percy Bell 
in the second; elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives November 5, 190 7. Senator Boddie 
never does things by halves, but throws all the 
force and energy of his being into the accom- 
plishment of his aims and purposes. His po- 
litical ideals are of the best that characterize 
pure Democracy and he takes a high place a- 
mong the distinguished members of the Missis- 
sippi Senate. His keen appreciation of both the 
agricultural and educational interests of the State 
renders him* a safe representative of the people in 
any office within their gift. Senator Boddie is a 
Democrat, an Episcopalian, a Mason, and a member 
of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 
He was married March 13, 1895, at Greenville, to 
Fay Shields, daughter of John "W. Shields and 
Sallie (Walton) Shields, of Oxford, Miss. In 
the House in 1906, Mr. Boddie was member oi 
the following committees: Judiciary, Railroads, 
Immigration and Labor (Chairman), Corpo ra- 
tions, Levees and Penitentiary, and is the author 
of the anti-future gambling bill. In the House 
of 1908-10, he was a member of tlie following 
committees: Judiciary, Ways and Means, Missis 
sippi Levees. He was elected to the Senate 
November 7. 1911, and was a member of the 
following committee's: Judiciary, Municipalities, 
Registration and Elections, Enrolled Bills, Pub- 
lic Health and Quarantine. He was re-elected 
to the Senate in 1915 and served on the follow- 
ing committees: Judiciary; Levees; Municipal- 
ities, Roads, 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



791 



JOHN FLEET BURROW of Ruleville. Miss. 
State Senator from the Twenty-ninth District. 
was born November 6, 1885, at Prentiss. Law- 
rence (now Jefferson Davis) County. Miss., the 
son of John Alexander and Margaret (Odom) 
Burrow of Lawrence County. His father was a 
native and resident of Columbia, Marion County, 
Miss, and was the son of John William Burrow 
and Nancy Tatum Burrow of Columbia. Marion 
County. Senator Burrow's maternal grandfather, 
Joseph Evans Odom, of Mount Carmel. Covington 
County, Miss., was a faithful soldier in the 
Confederate Army and served with the Army 
of Northern Virginia, C. S. A., in which service 
he continued throughout the war. The paternal 
grand-father of Senator Burrow served in the 
Seminole War and was one of the pioneers of 
Marion County. Senator Burrow is of English 
and Scotch ancestry; his father's ancestors came 
from England in 1775 to South Carolina, thence 
to Tennessee, and later to Mississippi; his ma- 
ternal forbears emigrated from Scotland, in 1780, 
to Virginia, thence to Alabama, and thence to 
Mississippi. Senator Burrow obtained his early 
education in the public schools of Lawrence 
County; entered Mississippi College in 1901, 
where he remained three years; became princi- 
pal of high schools at Bunker Hill. Hebron 
and Carson, all of Mississippi. In 1907. he en- 
tered the University of Lebanon, Ohio, from 
which he was graduated in June 1908, with the 
degree of B. Ph In 1909-10, he was a student 
in the University of Tennessee; in 1911-12, 
studied law at Milsaps College. Jackson, Miss., 
from which he was graduated with LL. B. de- 
gree. While attending Mississippi College, he 
was Fall Orator in 1903; was editor of the 
Mississippi College Magazine in 1905. Having 
completed his literary and laws courses, Sena- 
tor Burrow located at Ruleville, Sunflower 
County, for his legal practice. He had previous- 
ly filled several important positions, such as 
Secretary of the Democratic P.n.rr»»m •■♦«»<» of 
Jefferson Davis County, in 1907-11; delegate to 
the Democratic National Convention in Denver, 
in 1908 ; was elected to the lower house of the 
Mississippi Legislature in November, 1911. In 
November. 1915. they elected him to a seat in the 
State Senate as floater from the Twenty-m'nth 
District, composed of Washington and Sunflower 
counties. In his church affiliations. Senator Burrow 
13 a Baptist and is superintendent of his Sunday- 
school. He holds the office of Junior Warden in 
the Masonic Lodge of his town, and is a member 
of the Phi Kappa Alpha fraternity. He is un- 
married. 






a*te^^* 



John F. Burrow 



792 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 




^i£m?£ 



Walter B. Parks 



THIRTIETH DISTRICT 

W ALTER B. PARKS of Merigold. Miss.. State 
Senator from the Thirtieth District, was born 
August 27. 1868. in Union County, the son of Will- 
iam Beaty Parks and Calista Virginia (Hudson) 
Parks. His father served as a private in the Con- 
federate Army, for nearly four years : his grand- 
parents came to Mississippi from Virginia and 
Maryland, and shared in all the efforts for the early 
development of the State. Mr. Parks obtained his 
early education at Pine Bluff School, near Toc- 
copola. Miss. : also attended Toccopola College 
under William B. Gilmer, Frincipal. but d'd not 
graduate. He b^gan work in a store of A. M. 
"Wayne, at Shelby, in 1890 ; went into the mercan- 
tile business at Merigold in 1895. and has continued 
In that business ever since ; has also been engaged 
in banking as well as operating several plantation.*. 
He was successful in all business enterprises and in 
addition to beine: President and Director of several 
banks, he is the owner of a fine stock farm upon 
which he raises Hereford cattle. 

Mr. Parks was Post-master of his town in 1905-9 : 
and Town Treasurer in 1904-8 : elected to 
the House of Representatives November 7. 
1911: elector! to the State Senate in Novem- 
ber, 1915. His Committee a^ienmpnts in tbat body 
are numerous and a number of bills mtrodueed bv 
him are anion? the best of the s^s^ion h ; s busi- 
ness Qualifications make him one of t^e most 
valued members of the Senate. Senator- T>qrlrs is 
a Democrat : a member of the B. P. O Elks : 
has no ohureh connect ion. Ho was married Octo- 
ber 4, 1900. to Mary Elizabeth Wvnne of Memnhis 
Tenn . who father was a merchant at Shelby. 
and later moved to Memphis, where he died in 
1901. Senator and Mrs. Parks have three rh'Mren : 
Annie Claire. Virginia anrl Frances. Tn the Houso 
of Representatives. 191?-15. Senator Parks was a 
t member of the followin** romrmttees : Fees anrl 
Salaries. Banks and Banking Mississippi Levees 
Eleemosynary Institutions. Ways and Means. Drain- 
age. In the Senate of 191fi he served on the fol- 
lowing committees: Local and Private Legislation: 
Agriculture and Commerce ; Public Works ; Banks 
and Banking; Fisheries and Game; Levees, of 
which he is chairman. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



793 



THIRTY-FIRST DISTRICT. 

NATHANIEL WEST BRADFORD, of Houston, 
Miss., State Senator from the Thirty-first Dist- 
rict, was born February 14, 1S54 at Pontotoc. 
Miss., the son of Malcolm Dougherty Bradford 
and Rosalie Dandridge Bradford of Farquier 
County, Va. He is of English lineage, his an- 
cestors having emigrated to America during the 
early Colonial period and settling in the Prov- 
ince of Virginia. The family became one of 
the most prominent of the Colonial and Revolu- 
tionary period. Through his maternal line 
Senator Bradford is related to the Dandridges. 
Wests, Fontaines, Spotswoods. Wallers and Henrys 
of Virginia. William Dandridge married a Miss 
West, the grand-daughter of Col. John West, 
who was Royal Governor of Virginia in 1633. 
and a younger brother of Thomas West. Lord 
Delaware. Senator Bradford's maternal grand- 
mother was Martha Henry. eldest daughter 
ter of Patrick Henry. In Mississippi the family 
has always been one of prominence and culture 
and has been identified with and interested in 
the best progress of the State. Senator Brad- 
ford, along witb many other young men of the 
South during and after the Civil War, was re- 
stricted in educational opportunities. The re- 
source for intellectual improvement was the 
well-stored library which could be found in the 
homes of the better class throughout the South ; 
and it was from this source that he drew 
largely, in' the absence of college privileges. He 
obtained his early education in the schools o£ 
Pontotoc, in which he continued until he was 
thoroughly equipped for the study of a pro- 
fession. He read law in his father's office and 
made such rapid progress that he was admitted 
to the bar at the age of twenty-one years. He 
served as Mayor of the City of Pontotoc and 
later removed to Houston at which place he has 
since continued in the successful practice of 
his profession. Having always been an exten- 
sive reader and a thoughtful student of public 
affairs, ho was prepared to render his State serv- 
ice of a high order when he entered public 
life. While serving in the Legislature of 1903 
his influence in that body was very marked and 
as a member of the Senate of 1916-20, he has 
won the reputation of being one of the most 
profound and best prepared member of the 
body. His deep concern for Mississippi's wel- 
fare was never more apparent than in his cease- 
less efforts to have enacted law's that would 
give to the State the best roadways in the 
South. Knowing that the State was largely 




N. W. Bradford 















' 



794 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



agricultural and that the small farmer depended 
to a great extent upon the revenue derived rrom 
the disposal of various products throughout the 
year, he felt that little legislation could be en- 
acted that would mean more to the people of 
the State than that of securing good roads in 
order that the marketing of such crops might 
become an easy matter. His interest in all leg- 
islation that touched the betterment of ,rural 
communities was deep and sincere, and through- 
out the session his conscientious adherence to 
principle won for him the truest admiration and 
respect of the entire membership of the Senate 
and of the public audience that came in contact 
with him. as well. Senator Bradford is a Demo- 
crat; member of the Presbyterian Church in 
which he is an elder. He belongs to the frater- 
nal orders of Odd Fellows and Woodmen of the 
World. On November 24, 1886. he was united in 
marriage to Tula Lee Baskins, daughter of 
Joseph Berry Baskins and Carrie Baskins of 
Pototoc, Miss. Senator and Mrs. Bradford have 
four children: Joe Baskins, William Dougherty, 
Annie, and Paul Williams. Joe Baskins Brad- 
ford was married to Bettie Cairnes. He died 
July 11, 1915. leaving an infant daughter, Laura 
Audrey, to whom Senator Bradford is deeply 
devoted. 



MARSHAL TURNER ADAMS of Pontotoc. 
State Senator from the Thirty-first District, was 
born September 23, 1886. at Chestervilli. Ponto- 
toc County, Miss., the son of George Turner 
Adams and Clara Emma (Carruth) Adams of 
that county. His father was a native and for 
many years a resident of the same county his 
present home being Belden, in Lee County, 
which adjoins Pontotoc. Since early manhood 
he has been a farmer and merchant. His par- 
ents were John Garrison Adams and Sarah Win- 
ter Adarr^s of Pontotoc County. Senator Adams' 
mother was the daughter of Adrier. Brown Car- 
ruth and Amanda Brown Carruth of Pontotoc. 
Marshal T. Adams He is of English and Irish ancestrv. Three Car- 

ruth brothers emigrated from Ireland and one 
of these. Leander Peary Carruth, settled in 
South Carolina, whence he and his family movea 
to Pontotoc County, Miss. From these three 
brothers came all of that name, scattered over 
the United States. Drs. A. B. and L. H. Carruth. 
grandfather and grand uncle of Senator Adams, 
served as distinguished surgeons in the Confederate 
Army, throughout the War. Senator Adams' 













/ 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 795 



paternal great-grandfather was John Jenkins 
Adams, in which ancestral line was Rev. Jere- 
miah Winters, a noted Presiding Elder of the 
Methodist Church in London, England. He came 
to America in 1S30 and continued his minister- 
ial work in Charleston, S. C It was in this city 
that John Garrison Adams, grandfather of Sena- 
tor Adams,"|Vas married to Sarah Elizabeth 
Winters, the); two families uniting a large and 
forceful following in the Methodist Episcopal 
Church South. In Mississippi, the family con- 
tinues its allegiance to this church. Senator 
Adams was reared on a farm in Pontotoc County 
and his early education was obtained in the 
free schools of that and the adjoining county 
of Lee. He later attended a college pre- 
paratory school at McKenzie, Tenn., from 
1903-1907 ; entered the Universitly of Missis- 
sippi in 1907. where he remained through the 
Junior course. In 1909, he entered the Law 
Department of this University and was gradu- 
ated in 1911, with the degree LL. B. Immedi- 
ately after graduating, he located for the prac- 
tice of his profession in Pontotoc County, Miss., 
where he remained until his election to the 
State Senate, a position which he fills with ex- 
ceptional ability. His thoughtful, conservative 
attitude in dealing with various policies and 
problems that affect the State's best interests. 
has won for him the confidence of his colleagues, 
who regard him as one of the strong young men 
of the Senate. Senator Adams' deep interest in 
all institutions that affect the material welfare 
of the State, did not blind him to the need of 
a higher intellectual and moral advancement of 
the people and, his public service was marked 
by an increasing concern for Mississippi's honor 
and progress among the states of the Union. 
In political faith, he is a Democrat; he is secre- 
tary of the Board of Stewards and President 
of the Baraca Class of the Methodist church in 
Pontotoc. Miss.; he is a Mason and a member 
of the Sigma Chi fraternity of the L'nivers ty 
of Mississippi. On November 12, 1913. he was 
married to Willye Mae Fletcher, at McKenzie. 
Tenn. Mrs. Adams is the daughter of Samuel 
Josephus Fletcher and Mary Olivia Gregory 
Fletcher. Her father was a native of Kentucky 
and her mother of Tennessee, both families be- 
ing among the best citizens of those States. . 



796 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



THIRTY-SECOND DISTRICT. 




James C. Eskridge 



JAMES CLARENCE ESKRIDGE of Delay. 
Miss., State Senator from the Thirty-second Dis- 
trict, was born April 26, 1873. at Houston 
Mississippi, the son of William Laurel and Eliza- 
beth Catherine C Hill t Eskridge. His paternal 
ancestors came from England, immigrating to 
the Virginia colony in the latter part of the 
seventeenth, or early in the eighteenth century ; 
his great-grandfather came from Virginia and 
settled in Chickasaw County, Miss. His grand- 
father shared in all the excitement and pre- 
paration connected with the outbreak of the 
Civil War. and served with distinction in Com- 
pany E., Thirty-first Mississippi Cavalry, C. S. 
A., in McCollough's Brigade. Senator Eskridge 
obtained his early education in the common 
schools of Chickasaw County ; entered Tula Nor- 
mal Institute, graduating in '1888, and in 1889 
took a teacher's course at Iuka Normal Insti- 
tute. He taught school in Pontotoc Couni> 
that year and the following year in Panola 
County; since that time he has been engaged in 
the lumber and mercantile business. He rep- 
resented his people in the Legislature of 1912- 
1916 and served on numerous important com- 
mittees. His service as a Representative of his 
county rendered him very popular with his con- 
stituents and he was urged by his friends to be- 
come a candidate for the State Senate. He was 
elected in November, 1915. Senator Eskridge is in- 
dependent in his convictions and is not a tool 
of any political faction, preferring to use his 
own judgment in matters of right and wrong 
rather than to be led by others. 'He is a Demo- 
crat, a Baptist, a Mason (now Senior Warden 
in Tula Masonic Lodge), a Woodman of the 
World, and Clerk of the Columbian Woodmen 
of Delay. He was married to Jimmie Phee 
Lynch at Delay, March 1, 1899: his wife's pater- 
nal ancestors came from Georgia, her father 
having served in the Confederate Army, Con. 
pany C, Duff's Battalion, Rucker's Brigade of 
Forrest's Cavalry. Senator and Mrs. Eskridge 
have three children: Samuel Richard, James 
Laurel, and Clarence Wade. 









I 






LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



797 



THIRTY-THIRD DISTRICT. 



CALVIN BROOKS VANCE of Batesville. State 
Senator from the Thirty-third District, was born 
December 26, 1844. on a cotton plantation in 
Panola County. Miss., the son of Elisha Quinby 
Vance and Cypressa C. (.Brooks) Vance. His 
paternal ancestors came from Scotland to Am- 
erica before the Revolutionary War, first locat- 
ing near Fredericksburg-, Va. Subsequently part 
of the family moved to the Carolinas, whence 
the grandfather of Senator Vance moved to 
Kentucky, and his son came from that state 
to Panola County, Miss., in 1S36. Senator Vance 
obtained his early education at Panola schools, 
later studied at the Kentucky Military Institute 
and the University of Virginia, but left the 
last-named institution in 1861 to join a Missis- 
sippi regiment and go to the forefront of battle ; 
he became a lieutenant of artillery ; was com- 
missioned Captain before the close of the strug- 
gle, and was severely wounded at the siege of 
Vicksburg. His service as a soldier was con- 
spicuous for heroism and gallantry. After the 
war, from 1864 to 1875, Senator Vance was en- 
gaged in managing his plantation; assisted in 
all efforts to build up his section which had suf- 
fered «the ravages of war; from 1875 to 1878 
he was editor of a newspaper; he is now Presi- 
dent of the Bank of Batesville and is at the head 
of several local corporations. Ho still retains 
the old homestead, built in the 30 's, which is in 
a good state of preservation and stands as a 
striking landmark and reminder of pioneer 
days. During the troubled days of reconstruc- 
tion Senator Vance was unceasingly active in 
his effort to break down carpet-bag rule and to 
restore honest government to the State. As a 
member of the famous Ku Klux Klan, he ren- 
dered his State a valuable service in upholding 
the white civilization of the South. Tn 1876 he 
was made Brigadier-General of State Militia; 
from 1878 to 1S80 he was a member of the State 
Senate, which office he now holds. Senator Vance 
is. one of the distinguished members of the Legis- 
lature who was reared in the antebellum period 
of the state. He is a Democrat ; has been several 
times Chairman of the County Executive Com- 
mittee ; and is Commander of the United Con- 
federate veterans, and has had many honors con- 
ferred upon him by his comrades. He was mar- 
ried, October. 27, 1889, in Chattanooga, Tenn., to 
Lida Butler, daughter of William and Mary Butler 
of Memphis, Tenn. Senator and Mrs. Vance have 
three children: Elisha Quirisby, Calvin Brooks, 
Jr.. and John David. 







Calvin B. Vance 



798 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



THIRTY-FOURTH DISTRICT. 




/I 



Lester C. Franklin 



LESTER CICERO FRANKLIN of Clarks- 
dale, Miss.. State Sentaor from the Thirty-fourth 
District, was born at Eupora, Webster County, 
Miss., July 2S, 1SS«5. the son of Cicero Howard 
Franklin and Mary (Riddle) Franklin of Choc- 
taw County, Miss. His father served as County 
Treasurer and Tax Assessor of that county. He 
was the son of Jackson Franklin and "Mary 
Franklin of La Grange Hall, Miss. Jackson 
Franklin moved from South Carolina to Choc- 
taw County, Miss, before the Civil War. He 
went, with his two sons, from that county to 
join the Confederate Army. Both sons lost 
their lives in battle. Senator Franklin's mater- 
nal grandfather was John Riddle, who emi- 
grated from Ireland and in this country was a 
teacher of note. He and his three sons all 
served in the Confederate Army. Senator Frank- 
lin obtained his early education in the public 
schools of Choctaw County. He later attended 
Bennett Academy, whence he was graduated 
with literary honors and first honors in oratory. 
In 1910, he was graduated from Mississippi 
College, having won the Freshman. Sophomore 
and Junior medals for oratory. He was anni- 
versarian for the Philomathian Literary Society 
and represented the college in first "Chatauqua in 

1909, winning second honors. He also represented 
Mississippi College in the M. I. O. A, in 

1910, at Greenville, Miss., again taking sec- 
ond honors. After finishing his literary course. 
Senator Franklin entered Cumberland Univer- 
sity at Lebanon. Tenn., for the study of 
law. From" this institution he graduated in 1911 
with degree of LL. B. During his stay there, 
he won the State medal for oratory, in the 
Inter-collegiate Oratorical Association. During 
the following summer, he took a course in law 
at Millsaps College, under Chief-Justice A. H. 
Whitfield. In the autumn of 1911, he located 
at Clarksdale, Miss., arid begun an active ar.d 
lucrative lesral practice, in which he is still 
engaged. His influence was felt in his com- 
munity, not only in his profession but in the 
affairs of the State and he was urged to pre- 
sent his claims for public office. In the sum- 
mer of 1915, he announced for the Senate from 
the Thirty-fourth District and was chosen by 
the people as their representative in that body, 
In the ensuing November election. In politi- 
cal faith Senator Franklin is a Democrat: he 
is a member of the Baptist Church; he affiliates 
with the fraternal orders of Masons, Knights 
of Pythias. Woodmen of the World. 'Modern 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



799 



Woodmen. Columbian Woodmen, and Order of 
Owls. On August 28, 1911, Senator Franklin 
was united in marriage to Eulalie Frances Rog- 
ers, daughter of Ben G. Rogers and Mary Kirby 
Rogers of Lebanon. Tenn. Her father fought 
under General Jackson at the Battle of New 
Orleans in the War of 1812 ; he was also a Con- 
federate soldier and was severely wounded in the 
Civil War. Her grandfather and his seven brothers 
fought in the Revolutionary War. Senator and 
Mrs. Franklin have one child : Lester Cicero, Jr. 



THIRTY-FIFTH DISTRICT. 



JOHN WESLEY BARBEE. Jr.. of Hernando. 
State Senator from the Thirty-fifth District, was 
born Feb. 12. 1885, near Horn Lake. De Soto 
County, Miss. He is the son of John Wesley 
Barbee. who was a faithful and conscientious mem- 
ber of the Ku Klux Klan. and is at present Sheriff 
of DeSoto County. His wife. Isabella McKamy 
Frazier. was from Alabama and of Scotch descent 
Paternal ancestors were from Ireland. A maternal 
ancestor, Samuel Frazier, was an officer under 
General Nathaniel Greene, in the army of the 
Revolution. Senator Barbee attended the public 
schools of DeSoto County until his fifteenth year 
under Prof. S. P. W'alker; entered Bethel Col- 
lege, Tenn., in 1900; spent one year, 1902, in 
the Mississippi Agricultural and Mechanical Col- 
lege; was graduated from Bethel College in 
1905. with B. S. degree; attended Cumberland 
University, Lebanon, Tenn.. in 19U5-1906 ; took 
degree of LL. B. at this University in 1910; was 
class orator upon his graduation. He began the 
practice, of law in May, 1911, and was elected 
to the House of Representatives, November 7, 
1911. His faithful and intelligent service in 
that body was rewarded by his \ constituents 
in a determination to honor him. with election 
to the State Senate, a position upon which he 
reflects the highest credit. Though among the 
younger members of the body he bears himself 
well in debate, and his friends safely predict 
for him a bright political career. He is a Demo- 
crat, a Knight of Pythias, and a member of Phi 
Kappa Alpha Fraternity. He is unmarried. 
Senator Barbee serves on the following- com- 
mittees: Judiciary; Claims; Registrations and 
Elections; Levees; Military Affairs, of which 
last named he is Chairman. On his election as 
County Attorney for DeSoto County, Senator 
Barbee resigned from the Senate and was suc- 
ceeded by Senator J. N. Brown. 



^,^^^^^^_ 



:.a 



% 



John W r . Barbee, Jr. 



800 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



AM 






Joseph N. Brown 



JOSEPH NEAL BROWN, of Olive Branch, 
Miss., was born October 2, 1849, at Mount Pleas- 
ant, Marshall County, Miss., and is the son of 
George W. Brown and Ellen Huffman Brown of 
Tennessee. George W. Brown was a trusted and 
honored educator in his home town, Mount 
Pleasant, where he spent many years of a use- 
ful life. He was the son of Joseph Brown, for 
whom he named his son. This Joseph Brown 
was a First Lieutenant in the American Revolu- 
tion, a distinction which entitles his descend- 
ants to high position in the various patriotic 
organizations commemorating- that war. Joseph 
Xeal Brown was educated in the private schools 
of his community, the Civil War having inter- 
fered with his college education. He, however, 
gained a goodly store of useful knowledge while 
engaged in agricultural labors on his father's 
farm. In the school of experience, he fitted him- 
self for positions of honor and trust in his com- 
munity. He was for years -one of the Board of 
Supervisors of his county, serving as president 
of the Board. In 1875-76, he was an active 
participant in ridding the State of Republican 
rule and was unceasing in his efforts to restore 
law and order. He is a Democrat and has for 
years been a member of the State Executive 
Committee: also. Chairman of the County Ex- 
ecutive Committee for twelve years. He now 
fills the important position of Senator from the 
Thirty-fifth District, having been chosen, at a 
special election, to succeed Hon. J. H. Barbee, 
of Hernando, De Soto County, Miss. Senator 
Brown is a deacon of the Baptist Church; a 
Royal Arch Mason and Master of Oak Grove 
Lodge, No. 293, for twenty years; represented 
this Lodge in the meetings of the Grand Lodge, 
for twelve years; has been Council Commander 
of the Woodmen of the World, for eighteen 
years. There could be no better proof of the 
confidence of his home people than these long 
continued terms of office, continuing as they 
do in his election to even a more influential and 
important Staff service. He was first married, 
August 27, 1877. to Pattie Brooks, daughter of 
Aaron T. and Martha Brooks; on February 16, 
1916, he was married to Willie Wilson, in the 
city of Memphis, Tenn. She is the daughter of 
Robert Wilson and Mary E. Matthews Wilson of 
Center Hill, Miss. Her ancestor. Major Mussen- 
den Matthews was a soldier in the Revolution- 
ary Army, serving chiefly in the campaigns of 
North Carolina. (See Hunter's History of North 
Carolina). Senator and Mis. Erown have one 
child: Pearl Rivers, wife of T. H. Norvell. Mr. 
and Mrs. Norvell have two children: Eugenia 
and Joseph Winston. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 801 

THIRTY-SIXTH DISTRICT. 

SAM COCHRAN MIMS of Holly Springs. Miss.. 
State Senator from the Thirty-sixth District, 
was born November 27. 1S80, at Chulahoma, Mar- 
shall County, Miss., the son of Sam Cochran 
Mims and Jessie Thompson Mims of Mahon, Mar- ' ^^ ^. 

shall County, Miss. His father was born at > 

Chulahoma. where he resided until 1S92. when 
he removed to Byhalia. Miss. He is a public- 
spirited citizen and has served several times as 
a member of the Board of Supervisors of his 
county. His ambition for his family was al- 
ways along educational lines and the unusual 

college advantages which his son. Senator | ,^'X. 

Mims, has enjoyed is evidence of the father's *"""* "V^^w^*^ 8 * <faifr> 
aspiration for the things worth while in life. 

Senator Mims* mother is the daughter of Major _ Sam C - Mim f^ 
John Clark Thompson of Hernando, DeSoto 
County, Miss., both families having been promi- 
nent in all movements for the social and civic 
welfare of their several counties. Senator Mims 
obtained his early education in the public 
schools of Byhalia, after which he entered the 
Southern Normal University of Tennessee. He 
later entered the University of Mississippi, In 
which institution he ranked as one of the most 
worthy students. Choosing law as his profes- 
sion, he was admitted to the bar in 1909, in 
Marshall County, where he has since continued 
his practice. In May, 1910, he was appointed 
County Attorney by Gov. E. F. Noel, and was 
elected for a full term of that office In Novem- 
ber, 1911. He has served as County Attorney of 
Marshall County for five years and seven 
months. "While in the public service of the 
State, his talent, energy and capacity was soon 
recognized by the people of his county and 
he was urged to become a candidate for the 
State Senate, to which position he was elected 
.for' the term of 1916-1920. In that high office, 
Senator Mims reflects credit upon his consti- 
tuents, and no man in the Mississippi Legisla- 
ture displays higher or finer ideals of honor 
and justice in handling the public affairs of the 
State. Among the younger members of the 
Senate, he takes high rank as an able, thought- 
ful, conservative member. Senator Mims is a 
Democrat; a member of the Methodist Church, 
In which he served on the official board for i 

two years; is also a member of the Masonic and 
Elk lodges. On December 15. 1915. he was 
united in marriage to Virginia Stone of Holly 
Springs, Miss. Mrs. Mims is the daughter of 
I. A. Stone and Margaret Stone of Henderson, 
Tenn. 

51— m 



302 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 






&te& 



I a* 



u*ta»«j*&u£fe«iii 



William H. Dyson 



WILLIAM HUNTER DYSON of Hickory Flat. 
Miss., State Senator from the Thirty-sixth Dist- 
rict, son of Lewis Woodward Dyson and Fannie 
Elizabeth Ellis, daughter of Redden Ellis and 
Elizabeth Beachman Ellis of Pontotoc, Miss, was 
born August 15, 1882 at Esperanza, Pontotoc 
County. Miss. Lewis Woodward Dyson was the 
son of John Dyson and Sarah Jane Ray Dyson 
of Ingomar, Miss. He was born near Ingomar. 
Union County. Miss. Senator Dyson's maternal 
grandfather, Redden Ellis, was educated at 
Columbus. Miss., moved to Pontotoc County be- 
fore the Civil War and taught school in that 
county throughout the war. There were few 
schools continued regularly during the Civil 
War and it was greatly to any town's credit 
when its institutions of learning were not suf- 
fered to go out of existence. Senator Dyson had 
only the education of the country schools. His 
lessons of life came from experience and prac- 
tical knowledge. He has been a barber by trade 
at Hickory Flat since 1905. He Is a member of 
the Modern Woodmen of America. His good 
common-sense and large acquaintance with public 
questions made him an available candidate for 
the State Senate from the Thirty-sixth District. 
He was elected In 1915 for the term of 1916-1920 
and serves with a hisrh conception of right 
and Justice and a deep sense of his responsibilities 
upon the following committees: 'Finance. Agn-. 
culture and Commerce; Corporations. He mar- 
ried Sarah Rebecca Johnson at Thaxton. Fontotoo 
County, Miss., on October 20. 1902. She Is the 
daughter of Andrew Jackson McLaughlin Johnson 
and his wife, Annie Louise Donaldson, who lived 
at Pontotoc, Miss. Senator and Mrs. Dyson have 
two children : Christine Lenora and Harold Payne, 




Henry C. Collins 



HENRY CLAY COLLINS of Myrtle, Miss., 
State Senator from the Thirty-sixth District, 
was born December 20, 1883, at Myrtle, Union 
County, Miss. He is the son of Alva Collins, 
who was born and lived in Myrtle. Miss., serv- 
ing for a time as treasurer of Union County, and 
Fannie Virginia (Graham) Collins, daughter of 
Joseph T. Graham and Martha Stowe Graham 
of Rutherford County, North Carolina. Senator 
Collins was the grandson of Elijah Walker Col- 
lins and Eliza D. Miller Collins of Tuscaloosa. 
Ala. The Collins family is of English descent : 
the Graham family of Scotch-Irish. Elijah 
Walker Collins came from North Carolina and 
settled in Mississippi in 1834 and held the office 
of magistrate In his county for a number of 
years. William Graham, Sr„ ancestor of Henry 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 8Q3 



Clay Collins, was a signer of the Mechlenburg 
Declarations. General George and General 
Joseph Graham of Revolutionary fame, are also 
of the same family. Henry Clay Collins gained 
his education in the common schools of his 
county. He attended Chalybeate Spring's Insti- 
tute, (now Tippah County Agricultural School) 
for two years. He graduated at Mississippi Col- 
lege, Clinton, Miss., in 1910 with degree of Ph. 
B. While at this college he was treasurer of 
the Young Men's Christian Association, and was 
librarian of his society. He was also class poet 
of the Junior year, member of foot-ball team, 
deputy marshal of athletic field, and vice- 
president of his Society. While at college, he 
took a course in professional training as a 
teacher, and after leaving school he taught for 
four years, at the following places : Blue 
Springs High School. Tillatoba High School of 
Yalobusha County, Hickory Flat High School 
of Benton County. He was policeman of Louisi- 
ana Chatauqua in 1905. He is a Democrat 
and was not elected by either of the present 
political factions of Mississippi. He is a Bap- 
tist, having served as Church Clerk, member of 
Educational Committee of the Baptist Associa- 
tion, and delegate to associations He is a 
Master Mason of Myrtle Lodge No. 489 F. and 
A. M.; also member of Myrtle Camp* Woodmen 
of the World. Senator Collins married Marietta 
Bridges at Myrtle, Miss., Nov. 24, 1910. She 
was the daughter of William Graves Bridges 
and Mollie E. (Pickens) Bridges of Rocky Ford, 
Miss. William Graves Bridges was at one time 
supervisor and road commissioner of Union 
County. Mrs. Collins maternal grandfather was 
Dr. Pickens. Senator Collins is a man of hieh 
Ideals and noble standards of civic progress and 
educational advancement of his community. His 
course in the State Senate is marked for integrity 
and firmness of purpose and he holds the con- 
fidence of the entire body. 



b., *«r 



THIRTY-SEVENTH DISTRICT | 



15 



CARROLL KENDRICK of Kendrick, Miss.. State 
Senator from the Thirty-Seventh District, was born 
May 24. 1852, near Hamburg. Harding County, 
Tenn., the son of Allen and Nancy (Rose) Ken- 
drick. His father was a minister of the Christian 
Church, serving as pastor for congregations in Lex- 
ington and Louisville, Ky. and in Philadelphia, Pa. 
He was a speaker of great eloquence and force. 
Senator Kendrick's mother belonged to the dis- 
tinguished Rose family of Colonial Virginia, which Carroll Kepdrick 



804 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



has today representatives in all parts of the coun- 
try. He attended the primary schools of North 
Mississippi and later received a college education, 
attending first the Iuka Normal College from which 
he was graduated with the degree of A. B. Later 
he attended the Hiram College in Ohio, where he 
recceived the degree of M. A. He was too young 
to take part in the Civil War, being a lad of only 
nine years when it broke out. His ardent love for 
his section, however, caused him when little more 
than a youth to take an active part in the restora- 
tion of social and political order in the State, after 
the defeat of the Southern Confederacy. Through- 
out the trying days of re-construction he belonged 
to the famous Ku Klux Klan, an organization 
which was unremitting in its efforts to preserve 
white supremacy In the South. The fine oil paint- 
ing of this Order which has been presented to the 
Historical Department to represent the great body 
of ex-Confederate veterans known as the Ku Klux 
Klan during the days of re-construction presents 
full length portraits in official robes of two 
members of the organization, one of whom is 
Senator Kendrlck and the other Mr. J. S. McFall 
of Oklahoma. The painting was made from an 
original photograph and is a fac simile in every re- 
spect In 1873, Senator Kendrick was graduated 
from the Medical Department of the University of 
Louisville, Ky.. with the degree of M. D., receiving 
a gold medal for the best thesis. After leaving 
college, Dr. Kendrick located at Kendrick, Alcorn 
County, Miss., for the practice of medicine. His 
popularity as a physician and deep Interest In the 
public welfare attracted_to him a strong following 
and he was urged to enter political life as a candi- 
date for membership in the House of Representa- 
tives, to whirh position he was elected, serving 
from 1884 to 1886. In November, 1903, he was 
elected State Senator and served on many Im- 
portant committees in that body, among which were 
those on County Affairs, Contingent Expenses. Hu- 
mane and Benevolent Trcstitutinns. Public Health 
and Quarantine. Temperance, and the Joint Com- 
mitter on Engrossed Bills. He was again elected 
to the Senate In 1911 and continued to render 
faithful and efficient service to the State, proving 
such a valuable representative that his constituents 
returned him to the Senate of 1916-20. As a mem- 
ber of the distinguished body of men who at 
present compose the State Senate of Mississippi. 
Dr. Kendrick stands in the front rank as a sup- 
porter of all legislation that affects the social, 
moral and political welfare of the State. With 
a kindly, sympathetic nature he unites the 
firmest adherence to the principles of right and 
Justice, and his support of any measure touch- 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 806 



ing the State's interest carries great influence 
in securing its passage. Among the numerous 
bills which he has introduced in the Senate was the 
one for the preservation of Mississippi's Old Cap- 
itol and the faithful and untiring services which 
he rendered in securing the passage of the bill will 
always be remembered by the women of the State. 
In 1907, Dr. Kendrick was President of the State 
Medical Association and as the official head of that 
organization and throughout his political service to 
the*' State he has been active and effective in his 
efforts for the advancement of medical science. In 
Dolitical faith he is a Democrat and has always 
rendered his party loyal and faithful service. As 
a member of the Christian Church, he has beeii 
enthusiastic and helpful in all movements for the 
spiritual and moral uplift of his section, and com- 
munity. On October 30, 1882 he was married at 
Corinth. Miss., to Gayle Adams, who died August 
8. 1901. On September 19, 1903, Dr. Kendrick was 
married to Mary William McAnulty, daughter of 
John W. and Julia (Hartgrove) McAnulty of 
Kossuth. Miss. Her father was a faithful soldier 
of the Confederacy and rendered constant service 
to the Cause, throughout the Civil War. Mrs. 
Kendrick's interest in the preservation of the Old 
Capitol was very marked and the happiness which 
the passage of the bill gave her and hundreds of 
other patriotic women of Mississippi, was one of the 
most pleasing incidents of the Legislative session. 
Senator Kendrick serves on the following com- 
mittees : Rules ; Finance ; Immigration ; Public 
Health and Quarantine of which he is chairman. 



THIRTY-EIGHTH DISTRICT 



THOMAS KENDALL BOGGAN of Tupelo, Miss., ™^^™^^^ 
State Senator from the Thirty-eighth District, wa3 p 
born February 2, 1880, at Mooresville, Lee County, | 
Miss., the son of Thomas Armstrong Boggan and | 
Mittie Catherine Mixchener ox Lee County. H;a 
father was a native ui Alabama, from which star- 
he removed* to Mooresville. At the early age of 
fifteen, he joined the Confederate army and served 
until the close of the Civil War. He represented 
Lee» County in the State Legislature one term, and 
was health officer for that county in 1911-12. He 
resided a few years in Itawamba County, but spent 
the latter part of his life in Tupelo, Miss. He was 
the son of Dr. James Hardy Boggan and Mary 
Anne Prewett Boggan of Alabama, and later of 
Monroe County, Miss. Dr. James Hardy Boggan 
joined the Confederate army from Itawamba County 





% ~m 


I 


1 J^K ' 


I 

1 


Ui I 


I 


-&- 



Thomas K. Boggan 



806 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



at the beginning of the Civil War. However, his 
services as a physician were in such demand that 
the people of his vicinity petitioned foi his re- 
turn and he practiced medicine among them until 
his death. Senator Boggan is of Irish and En- 
glish ancestry and is descended from one of three 
Boggan brothers who came from Ireland and set- 
tled in the Carolinas. Sarah Grizzard, his great- 
grandmother on the paternal side, was also of Irish 
descent. His English ancestry was derived through 
his great-grandmother Prewett, who was a Miss Mc- 
Gee. A maternal ancester was Catherine Boone 
Mitchner, a descendant of Daniel Boone. In his 
family also appear the names of Smith and Mc- 
Means. It is a matter of great interest and pride 
to us that Mississippi's population is made up of 
such families as are found in this sketch of Sena- 
tor Boggan. Senator Boggan's early education was 
obtained in the public schools of Mooresville. He 
later attended the public schools at Fulton, Miss., 
and in September, 1898, he entered the Tupelo 
High School, finishing the entire course of study. 
With the foundation of a good education well laid, 
he entered the University of his own State in 1899. 
from which institution he was graduated with the 
degree of B. P. in June. 1903. Deciding upon the le- 
gal profession, he attended the University of 
Michigan for three summer sessions and afterwards 
took a senior course in the Law Department of 
the University of Mississippi, graduating there with 
the degree of LL. B. in June 1912. While pre- 
paring himself for the practice of law, he engaged 
in school work for a number of years ; was super- 
intendent of the public schools at Collins, Miss., 
June 1903-07 ; superintendent of the Magnolia pub- 
lic schools, June 1907-08 ; superintendent of the 
Biioxi public schools, June 1908-11. Like so many 
other young Mississipians, Senator Boggan de- 
pended upon teaching while he was preparing him- 
self for his profession and this experience, has 
doubtless, been a most valuable one in after life. 
In November, 1912, he began the practice of his 
profession in Meridian, Miss. From that city, he 
removed to Tupelo, Mis*., where he has been in a 
constant and successful practice. He served as a 
member of the State Text-book Commission, from 
the Sixth Congressional District, from 1905-10. His 
election to the State Senate was the next step in 'his 
public career. In political faith he is a Democrat ; 
a member of tiie Methodist Church ; and of the 
fraternal orders of Masons, Woodmen of the World, 
and Knights of Pythias, in which orders he has 
always held high positions. On December 25, 190 4 
he was united in marriage to Shirley Sue Neill of 
Oxford, Miss, Mrs. Boggan is the daughter of 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



807 



William Constantine Neill and Mary Emmeline 
Phipps of Oxford. Her father's family removed to 
Mississippi from Tennessee and originally came 
from Ireland to Burke County, North Carolina, 
some time during the 18th century. The Pliipps 
came to Tennessee from Petersburg, Va. A pa- 
ternal ancestor of Mrs. Boggan, Richard Long, was 
a gallant soldier in the Revolutionary War. 



THIRTY-EIGHTH DISTRICT 



ANTHONY JEROME COX of Smithville, Miss., 
State Senator from the Thirty-eighth District, was 
born October 21, 1890, near Smithville, Monroe 
County, Miss. He is the son of James P. Cox and 
Polly Annie (Irvin) Cox of Monroe County. James 
P. Cox was born near the historic old city of 
Charleston, South Carolina and when a lad of ten 
years, he removed with his parents, Jerome and 
Elizabeth Davis Cox, from South Carolina to Mon- 
roe County, Miss., in which place he still resides. 
Senator Cox's paternal ancestors came from Ireland 
and settled in South Carolina in the early part of 
the eighteenth century and their descendants have 
since been among the best representatives of Ameri- 
can citizenry. His mother was the daughter of 
Anthony Irvin and Jane (Webb) Irvin of Green- 
wood Springs, Monroe County, Miss. Senator Cox 
received his early education in the public schools 
of Monroe County and later took high school work 
at Hatley and Smithville. Though a very young 
man when he completed his scholastic course, be- 
ing well prepared to teach along the requirements of 
that day, he taught very successfully for a number 
of years, during which time he read extensively. 
Having been reared in a rural community, he al- 
ways found country life and agricultural pursuits 
congenial and he is at present engaged in farming 
and stock-raising. However, his interest in the 
public affairs of Ills county and state was none th«- 
less keen because of agricultural pursuits and his 
popularity with the people drew him into the race 
for the State Senate, to which high position he was 
elected for the term of 1916-20. He serves on the 
following Committees : Judiciary ; Finance ; Peni- 
tentiary ; Humane and Benevolent Institutiohs ; In- 
surance ; Printing, of which he is chairman. Sena- 
tor Cox gives but a meager outline of his various 
activities in promoting the welfare of his commun- 
ity, but his rapid advancement in public positions of 
the highest trust, at so youthful an age, is evidence 
of the strong hold that he has upon the people of 
his community. As a member of the State Senate, 




808 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



he has displayed much ability and his interest In 
the higher intellectual advancement of Mississippi 
places him among the best representatives of the 
State. In political faith, Senator Cox is a Demo- 
crat ; a member of the fraternal order of the Wood- 
men of the World. He is unmarried. 



.A&.jfcl.-, 



Isaac L. Tigert 



ISAAC LAGROXE TIGERT, Sergeant-at-Arms of 
the Mississippi Senate, was born March 11, 1892, at 
Dumas, Tippah County, Miss., and is the son of 
Hugh Forter Tigert and Addie Irene (Hovis) 
Tigert of Dumas. His father resided for a time at 
Ripley, the county site of Tippah, and served -as 
Post-master at Dumas. He was the son of Thomas 
Bell Tigert and Marguerite Elizabeth (McCord) 
Tigert. Mr. Tigert's mother is the daughter of Col. 
Lawson Berry Hovis and Laura (Phyfer) Hovis of 
Ripley, Miss. Her parents came from North Caro- 
lina to Mississippi, in the late 30's. Col. Hovis was 
a soldier in the Mexican War and rendered effi- 
cient service. He also served in the Civil War, ana 
while leading his regiment, the 2nd Mississippi, he 
was mortally wounded, near Moscow, Tenn. 

Mr. Tigert is of Scotch-Irish descent, his paternal 
ancestors having emigrated to America in the early 
days cf its colonization. The history of the South- 
ern States shows that the population was thickl> 
studded with Scotch-Irish emigrants, who have con- 
tinued to be a sturdy type and who have repre- 
sentatives in all prominent pursuits and profes- 
sions. 

Mr. Tigert received his early education in the 
Dumas Institute, after which he attended the Ripley 
High School. He later entered Chamberlain-Hunt 
Academy at Port Gibson, Miss., from which insti- 
tution he was graduated in 1913, having been presi- 
dent of both the Sophomore and Junior classes. 
After having finished his literary- course, Mr. Tigert 
entered the Law Department of Millsaps College, 
from which he was graduated in 1916, with degree 
of LL. B. During this course, he was president of 
the Senior Law Class. He had just begun the 
practice of law when he was elected Sergeant-at- 
Arms of the State Senate. 

One who has known him always says of Mr. 
Tigert, "While it cannot be said that he has initi- 
ated any notable reforms, he has always been allied 
with those who labor for social and civic righteous- 
ness, and his unswerving honesty, high sense of 
duty, and his purity of thought and purpose, to- 
gether with his laudable ambition to attain high 
rank among the best educated and most trust-worthy 
leaders of public life, make him easily a criterion 
worthy the emulation of the youth of our State. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT . 809 



who are struggling for place and position in its 
social and political life. 

Mr. Tigert is a Democrat ; member of the Metho- 
dist Church ; member of the college fraternities Pi 
Kappa Alpha of the Alpha Iota Chapter. He is 
unmarried. 



W. H. REESE and W. H. BENTON 

It has long been a custom of the Mississippi Legis- 
lature to honor themselves by paying tribute to 
gallant Confederate soldiers in having them guard 
the portals of the Legislative Halls. This custom 
will continue so long as the veterans live. In W. 
H. Reese and W. H. Benton the Senate has daily 
before it examples of faithfulness, integrity, cour- 
age and self-sacrifice that are worthy of its emu- 
lation. 



810 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



REPRESENTATIVES EIGHTY-FOURTH SESSION 



OFFICERS OF THE HOUSE. 

Speaker ; M. S. Conner 

Clerk G. B. Power 

Sergeant -at- Arms J. V. Gandy 

Post Mistress Miss Bessie Harris 

Doorkeepers W. S. Roberts, J. F. Price 

Stenographers Miss Maude Allen, Miss Alice Haney 

Pages 

Heber Everett, Troy Nunnery, Alvin Weems, S. B. Alexander, Jb. 



HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 
1916-18 . 

Adams — Walter G. Green, Natchez; Albert Sojourner, Natchez. 
* Alcorn — R. B. Cotton, Corinth; J. B. Splann, Kendrick. 

Amite — J. F. Cassels, Gloster; D. J. Wall, Peoria. 

Attala— J. C. Wasson, Ethel R. F. D.; Icey W. Day, Ethel. 

Benton— R. B. McGill, Falkner. 

Bolivar — Waiter Sillers, Jr., Rosedale; Stanley F. Gaines, Boyle. 

Calhoun — J. B. Going, Calhoun City; Dennis Murphree, Pittsboro. 

Carroll— Dr. G. I. Redditt, McCarley; J. L. Lott, Grenada, R. F. D. 
No. 1. 

Chickasaw — I. V. Abernethy, Okolona; E. M. Verrell, Houston. 

Choctaw — C. A. Lindsey, Eupora. 

Claiborne — T. A. Luster, Utica, R. F. D. No. 2. 

Clarke — H. L. Miller, Quitman, R. F. D. No. 4. 

Clay—B. S. Semmelman, West Point; F. B. Stephens, West Point. 

Coahoma — O. G. Johnston, Clarksdale; R. L. Ralston, Coahoma. 

Copiah — J. A. Srnylie, Crystal Springs; Benj. King, Hazlehurst, Geo. 
W. Russell, Hazlehurst, 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 811 

Covington — M. S. Conner, Seminary, (Speaker) 

DeSoto — Dalton F. Warren, Olive Branch; J. C. Lauderdale, Bright. 

Forest — E. A. Anderson. Hattiesburg. 

Franklin — C. A. Everett, Monroe. 

George — L. W. Maples. Clarence. 

Greene — W. I. McLain, Richton, Route No. 1. 

Grenada — W. A. Winter, Grenada. 

Hancock — Robert L. Genin, Bay St. Louis. 

Harrison — E. E. O'Neal, Saucier. 

Hinds — E. H. Green, Jackson; V. P. Ferguson, Learned; J. S 
Rhodes, Jackson. 

Holmes — N. L. White, Lexington; H. H. Johnson, Lexington; T. G. 
Stephenson, Lexington, R. F. D. No. 1. 

Issaquena — R. E. Foster, Shiloh. 

Itawamba — W. C. Gray, Fulton. 

Jackson — W. R. David, Carterville. 

Jasper — H. L. Finch, Heidelberg. 

Jefferson — William M. Darden, McNair. 

Jefferson Davis — O. C. Luper, Prentiss. 

Jones — J. Hartley Bush, Laurel. 

Kemper — J. J. Daniel, DeKalb; E. J. Irby, Scooba. 

Lafayette — D. F. Hoyle, Paris; H. L. Davis, Tula. 

Lamar — John A. Yeager, Lumberton. 

Lauderdale — Thos. L. Bailey, Meridian; Willis M. Taylor, Meridian; 
J. D. Bounds, Bailey. 

Lawrence — Chas. E. Gibson, Monticello. 

Leake— Martin M. Miller, Edinburg, R. F. D. No. 2. 

Lee — J. S. Howerton, Baldwyn; F. L. Kincannon, Tupelo. 

Leflore — W. S. Barry, Greenwood. 

Lincoln — J. Frank Cole, Bogue Chitto, R. F. D. 

Lowndes — J. R. Thomas, Bent Oak; John F. Frierson, Columbus; D. 
L. Ervin, Columbus. 

Madison — Tip Ray, Canton; J. B. Dendy, Pickens. 

Marion — E. Isaac Singley, Columbia. 

Marshall — J. A. Hardin, Poits Camp, W. I. Spears, Byhalia; W. W. 
Stamps, Collierville, Tenn., R. F. D. 

Monroe — W. L. C. Bailey, Aberdeen, R. No. 7; A. A. Tubb, Amory, 
R. F. D.; W. H. Kolb, Aberdeen, R. F. D. No. 3. 

Montgomery — E. M. Thompson, Winona, R. F. D. No. 1. 

Neshoba — T. B. Williams, Philadelphia. 

Newton — N. M. Everett, Hickory; Benj. W. Dearing, Newton. 

Noxubee — T. W. Brame. Macon; C. E. Dorroh, Macon; Prince D. 
Hubbard, Shuqualak. 

Oktibbeha — Joe S. Rice, Starkville; John D. Green, Sturges. 


















' 



812 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

Panola — A. S. Kyle, Batesville; R. Taylor Keys, Sardis; F. H. Nel- 
son, Pope. 

Pearl River — J. E. Stockstill, Picayune. 

Perry — G. D. Draughn, New Augusta. 

Pike — F. D. Hewitt, McComb; J. E. Norwood, Magnolia. 

Pontotoc — Frank Roberson (1916) Pontotoc (Resigned to become 
Asst. Atty. Genl.), T. J. Wingo (1918), Toccapola; W. J. Stegall, Pon- 
totoc. 

Prentiss — R. E. L. Sutherland, Wheeler; B. L. Breedlove, Booneville. 

Quitman — U. B. Ross, Lambert. 

Rankin — W. E. Mclntyre, Brandon; R. H. Watts, Pisgah. 

Scott — W. L. Weems, Sun. 

Sharkey — S. B. Alexander, Rolling Fork. - j 

Simpson — W. F. Stroud, Pinola, R. F. D. No. 2. 

Smith — H. C. Thornton, Tayiorsville. 

Stone — A. Batson. 

Sunflower — Arthur B. Glark, Indianola. 

Tallahatchie — Rowe Hayes, Sumner. 

Tate—S. L. Crockett, Tyro; W. J. East, Senatobia. 

Tippah — W. R. Wildman, Ripley. 

Tishomingo — J. R. Mann, Iuka, R. F. D. No. 1. 

Tunica — J. M. Anderson, Hollywood. 

Union — Sam J. Purvis, Blue Springs; J. N. Magill, Bethany. 

Walthall — W. W. Pope, Tylertown. 

Warren— R. L. C. Barrett, Vicksburg; T. R. Foster, Vicksburg; 
George R. Hawkins, Bovina. 

Washington — A. G. Paxton, Greenville; A. H. Stone, Dunlieth; W. S. 
Knotts, Belzoni. 

Wayne — G. C. Clark, Waynesboro. 

Webster — S. S. Gore, Embry. 

Wilkinson— C. T. Netterville, Wilkinson; J. R. Hutcheson, Centre- 
ville. 

Winston — F. M. Glenn, Noxapater. 
" Yalobusha— G. E. Denley, Coffeeville; W. A. Nolen, Water Valley. 

Yazoo — P. C. Meaerher, Bentonia; Excell Coody, Phoenix; D. F. Rob- 
erts, Satartia. 



FLOATER REPRESENTATIVES. 

Franklin and Lincoln— F. A. Wright, Lucien (Franklin County). 
Tippah and Benton — Fred B. Smith, Ripley (Tippah County). 
Claiborne and Jefferson— S. R. Young, Pattison (Claiborne County). 
Clarke and Jasper— W. L. West, Vossburg (Clarke County). 
Grenada and Montgomery— -W. H. Dyre, Winona (Montgomery 
County). 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT $13 

Leake and Winston — J. C. Holton, Louisville (Winston County). 
Harrison and Jackson — J. M. Hairston, Gulfport (Harrison County). 
Lee and Itawamba — R. S. Sheffield, Dorsey (Itawamba L'ounty). 
Yazoo and Hinds— V. M. Perry (1916) deed., R. D. Bowman, Benton 
(Yazoo County). 



HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 1916-1918 STANDING COM- 
MITTEES. 

Rules — Mr. Speaker, Messrs. Norwood, Everett of Newton, Mclntyre, 
Howerton, Kyle, Lindsey. 

Judiciary — Mr. Norwood, Chairman; Messrs. Mclntyre, Everett of 
Newton, Hewitt, Barry, Stockstill, King, Ray, East, Brame, Roberson, 
Johnson of Holmes, Johnston of Coahoma, Clark of Sunflower, Finch, 
Gibson, Hays, Green of Adams, Green of Oktibbeha, Green of Hinds, 
Luper, Rhodes, Foster of Warren, Barrett, Day Anderson of Forest, 
Hairston, Genin, Gaines, Sillers, Yeager, Smith, Knotts, Bailey of 
Lauderdale, Dorroh, Crockett, Kincannon, Rice, Tubb, Wasson, White, 
Smiley, Frierson, McGill of Benton, Paxton, David, Miller of Clark. 

Constitution — Mr. Hewitt, Chairman; Messrs. Hayes, Coody, Green 
of Oktibbeha, Alexander, David, Kincannon, Davis, Genin, King, 
Stockstill, Gibson, Bush, Finch Darden. 

Ways and Means — Everett of Newton, Chairman; Messrs. Roberson, 
Cotton, Howerton, Clark of Wayne, Going Hewitt, Sojourner, Paxton, 
Brame, Irby, Finch, Abernethy, Bailey of Monroe, Rhodes, Purvis, 
Spears, Redditt, Thompson, Warren, Maples, Alexander Darden, Stegall, 
Bounds, Hutcheson, Luster, Watts, Gibson. 

Appropriations — Mr. Howerton, Chairman; Messrs. Lindsey, Everett 
of Newton, Stephenson, Davis, Ervin, Green of Oktibbeha, Bush, Hays, 
Wright, Ray, Luper, Dyre, Yeager, Hardin, Williams, Weems, Nor- 
wood, Keys, Magill of Union, Miller of Leake, McLain, Stockstill, 
Singley, David, Crockett, Verrell, Roberts Cassels. 

Agriculture — Mr. Cotton, Chairman; Messrs. Russell, Bush, Gore, 
Gray, Holton, Abernethy, Daniels, Mann, Draughn, Netterville, Foster 
of Issaquena, Dearing, Thomas, Wall, Winter, Finch, Hardin, Pope, 
Miller of Clarke, Wildman, Breedlove. 

Education — Mr. Sutherland, Chairman; Messrs. Clark of Wayne, 
Purvis, Kincannon, Murphree Miller of Clarke, Knotts, Stone, Hoyle, 
Gore, Singley, Stockstill, Wildman, Frierson, Keys, Gray, Dyer, West, 
Irby, Taylor, Rice, McGill of Benton, Maples, Crockett, Tubb, Wall, 
Wright, Stephens, Cole. 

Railroads — Mr. Green of Hinds, Chairman; Messrs. Cotton, Hewitt, 
Johnston of Coahoma, Watts, Brame, Smith, Bounds, Cole, Breedlove, 



814 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

Denley, Weeras, Thornton, Williams, Bailey of Monroe, Thomas, Steph- 
ens, Stegall, Russell, Hardin, Netterville, Splann, Tubb, Ferguson, 
Hoyle. >'}J- 

Claims — Mr. Ray, Chairman; Messrs. Knotts, East, Anderson of 
Forest, Magill of Union, McLain, Russell, Verrell, Wall, Kyle, Cole. 

Corporations — Mr. Bailey of Lauderdale, Chairman; Messrs. Ervin 
Miller of Clark, King, Hutcheson, Lindsey, Everett of Newton, Sem- 
melman, Nelson, Pope, Hubbard, Green of Adams, Ross, Sheffield, 
Thompson, Young, Warren, Miller of Leake, Ray. 

Public Lands — Mr. Gibson, Chairman; Messrs. Ross, Frierson, Thorn- 
ton, Stephens, Foster of Warren, Thomas, Dendy, Johnson of Holmes. 

Local and Private Legislation — Mr. Mclntyre, Chairman; Messrs. 
Barry, Clark of Wayne, Luper, Yeager, Johnson of Holmes, Hays. 

Census and Apportionment — Mr. Bush, Chairman; Messrs. Genin, O'- 
Neal, Smylie, Stroud, McLain, White, Green of Hinds, Holton, Mc- 
lntyre, West, Nelson, Rice, Hubbard, Netterville, Pope, Perry. 

Public Health and Quarantine — Mr. Stroud, Chairman; Messrs. Ev- 
erett of Franklin, Perry, Redditt, Spears, Kyle, Murphree, Foster of 
Warren, Sutherland. 

Mississippi Levees — Mr. Barry, Chairman; Messrs. Ross, Ralston, Al- 
exander, Anderson of Tunica, Clark of Sunflower, Goody, Foster of 
Issaquena, Hays, Johnston of Coahoma, Johnson of Holmes, Knotts, 
Lauderdale, Meagher, Paxton, Perry, Roberts, Stephenson, Stone, War- 
ren Sillers. 

Registrations and Elections — Mr. Green, of Oktibbeha, Chairman; 
Messrs. Taylor, Dearing, Netterville, Thornton, Everett of Franklin, 
Nelson, Hutcheson, Gray, Hawkins, Pope, Denby, Miller, Rice, Cassels. 

Manufactures — Mr. Sillers, Chairman; Messrs. West, Stamps, Hol- 
ton, Rice, Sutherland, Wildman, Singly, Glenn. 

Public Printing — Mr. Murphree, Chairman; Messrs. Kincannon, Nor- 
wood Going, Yeager, Winter, White, Wasson, Warren Taylor, Stephens, 
Splann, Sheffield, Roberts, Denley, Meagher, Hoyle, Holton, Abernethy. 
. Eleemosynary Institutions — Mr. Darden, Chairman; Messrs. Nolen, 
Redditt, Day, Meagher, Ervin, Winter, Perry, Everett of Franklin, 
Stroud, Taylor, Coody, West, Thornton, Genin Foster of Warren, Green 
of Adams, Rhodes, Kincannon, McLain, Stamps, Dorroh, Nelson, King, 
Stegall. 

Penitentiary — Mr. Ross, Chairman; Messrs. Anderson of Tunica, 
Ralston, Watts, Howerton, Coody, Mann, Stroud, Semmelman, Everett 
of Franklin, Verell, Russell, Luper, Magill of Union, Dendy, Hoyle, 
Clark of Sunflower, Ferguson, Roberts, Gibson, Hubbard, Kolb, Nolen, 
Sheffield, Alexander. 

Immigration and Labor — Mr. Lindsey, Chairman; Messrs. Alexan- 
der, Watts, Barrett, Bailey of Monroe, Coody, Day, East, Dyre, Splann, 
Green of Hinds, Keys, Smith, O'Neal, David. 
























> 






LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 815 

Fees and Salaries — Mr. Roberson, Chairman; Messrs. Yeager, Kolb, 
Clark of Wayne, Abernethy, Bounds, Kincannon, Miller of Leake, Dan- 
iels, Darden, Sillers, Draughn, Hawkins, Cassels, Anderson of Forest. 

County Affairs — Mr. Stephenson, Chairman; Messrs. Maples, Mcln- 
tyre, Kolb, Daniels, Foster of Issaquena, Denley, Nolen, Hubbard, Dear- 
ing, Lott, Magill of Union, Sutherland, Thomas, Luster. 

Board, Ferries and Bridges — Mr. Ralston, Chairman; Messrs. Hew- 
itt, Kincannon, Ferguson, Splann, Stamps, Dearing, Ross, Davis, Wild- 
man, Magill of Union, Denley, Bounds, Lauderdale, Glenn. 

Federal Relations — Mr. Finch, Chairman; Messrs. Magill of Union, 
Bailey of Monroe, Gaines, Cassels, Draughn, Gray, Hawkins, Hutch- 
eson, Nolen, Day. 

House Contingent Expenses — Mr. Purvis, Chairman; Messrs. Rus- 
sell, Bush, Green of Adams, West, Ralston, Dyre. 

Liquor Traffic — Mr. Singley, Chairman; Messrs. Verell, Hoyle, Lott, 
Weems, Young, Anderson of Tunica, O'Neal, Breedlove, Hutcheson, 
Wall, Thornton, Mann, Murphree, Sheffield, Kolb, Draughn, Brame, 
Denley. 

Propositions and Grievances — Mr. Maples, Chairman; Messrs. East, 
Draughn, Hubbard, Stephens, Thornton, Young. 

Engrossed Bills — Mr. Barrett, Chairman; Messrs. Gore, Nelson, West 
and Taylor. 

Public Buildings and Grounds — Mr. Anderson of Tunica, Chairman; 
Messrs. Sojourner, Stone, Irby, Clark of Sunflower, Gaines, Stamps, 
Hardin, Hawkins. 

. Military Affairs — Mr. Rhodes, Chairman; Messrs. Ray, Dorroh. Er- 
vin, Semmelman, White, Sojourner, Hairston, Hawkins, Bailey of Lau- 
derdale, Holton, Gaines, Genin, Winter, Rice. 

Fisheries, Commerce and Shipping — Mr. David, Chairman; Messrs. 
Maples, Spears, Hairston, O'Neal, Genin, Alexander. 

Pensions — Mr. Thompson, Chairman; Messrs. Stephenson, Pope, 
Weems, Cassels, Daniels, Foster of Issaquena, Foster of Warren, Er- 
vin, Denley, Mann, Miller of Leake, Hawkins, Roberts, Smylie, Spears, 
Young, Williams. 

Insurance — Mr. Luper, Chairman, Messrs. Barry, Glenn, Gray, 
Gaines, Stone, Everett of Franklin, Meagher, Smith, Johnston of Coa- 
homa, Wright, Wasson, Wildrnan, Smylie, Semmelman, Kolb. 

Banks and Banking — Mr. Kincannon, Chairman; Messrs. Green of 
Oktibbeha, Redditt, Irby, Stockstill, Wassqn, Lauderdale, Kyle, Sil- 
lejs, Clark of Sunflower, Knotts, Davis, Going, Barry, East. 

Municipalities — Mr. Yeager, Chairman; Messrs. Rhodes, Bailey of 
Lauderdale, Anderson of Forrest, Semmelman, Hairston, Barrett, Day, 
Denley, Gore, Tubb. 





















/ 






816 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

Drainage — Mr. Alexander, Chairman; Messrs. Verell, Sojourner, 
Lindsey, Splann, Kyle, Crockett, Foster of Issaquena, Gore, Clark of 
Sunflower, Lott, Meagher, Stegall, Mann, Smith. 

Mileage — Mr. Russell Chairman; Messrs. Roberson, Purvis, Green of 
Adams, Frierson. 



JOINT COMMITTEES 
(House Members) 

Executive Contingent Fund — Mr. Stockstill, Chairman; Messrs. Hew- 
itt, Lauderdale, Lott, Cotton. 

State Library — Mr. Stone, Chairman; Messrs. Crockett, Young, Pur- 
vis, Irby. 

Enrolled Bills — Mr. Going, Chairman; Messrs. Cole, Wright, O'Neal, 
Stone. 

Colleges and Universities — Mr. Johnson of Holmes, Chairman; 
Messrs. Ray, Clark of Sunflower, Clark of Wayne, Coody, Dyre, Dor- 
roh, Maples, Wright, Green of Adams, Keys, King. 

Investigation of State Offices — Mr. Brame, Chairman; Messrs. Rals- 
ton, Sojourner, Glenn, Dearing, Netterville, Roberson, Ferguson, Mc- 
Lain. 



MEMBERS OF HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES AND THEIR COM- 
MITTEES, FOR 1916-1920 

Abernathey, I. V., Okolona, Chickasaw Co. Committees: Ways and 
Means; Agriculture; Public Printing; Fees and Salaries. 

Alexander, S. B., Rolling Fork, Sharkey Co. Committees: Constitu- 
tion; Ways and Means; Mississippi Levees; Penitentiary; Immi- 
gration and Labor; Fishing, Commerce and Shipping; Drainage 
(Chairman). 

Anderson, E. A., Hattiesburg, Forrest Co. Committees: Judiciary; 
Claims; Penitentiary; Fees and Salaries; Municipalities. 

Anderson, J. M., Hollywood, Tunica Co. Committees: Mississippi 
Levees; Liquor Traffic; Public Buildings and Grounds (Chm.). 

Bailey, Thos. L., Meridian, Lauderdale Co. Committees: Judiciary; 
Corporations (Chm.); Military Affairs; Municipalities. 

Bailey, W. L. C, Aberdeen, R. F. D. No. 2, -Monroe Co. Committees: 
Ways' and Means; Railroads; Immigration and Labor; Federal 
Relations. 

Barrett, R. L. C, Vicksburg, Warren Co. Committees: Judiciary; Im- 
migration and Labor;' Engrossed Bills (Chm.); Municipalities. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 817 

Barry, W. S., Greenwood, Leflore Co. Committees: Judiciary; Local 
and Private Legislation; Mississippi Levees (Chm.); Insurance; 
Banks and Banking. 

Bounds, J. D., Bailey, Lauderdale Co. Committees: Ways and Means; 
Railroads; Fees and Salaries; Roads, Ferries and Bridges. 

Brame, Thos. W., Macon, Noxubee Co. Committees: Judiciary; Ways 
and Means; Railroads; Liquor Traffic. 

Breedlove, Lonnie, Booneville, Prentiss Co. Committees: Agriculture; 
Railroads; Liquor Traffic. 

Bush, J. Hartley, Laurel, Jones Co. Committees: Constitution; Appro- 
priations; Agriculture; Census and Apportionment (Chm.); House 
Contingent Expenses. 

Cassels, J. F., Gloster, Amite Co. Committees: Appropriations; Reg- 
istrations and Elections; Fees and Salaries; Federal Relations; 
Pensions. 

Clark, Arthur B., Indianola, Sunflower Co. Committees: Judiciary; 
Mississippi Levees; Penitentiary; Public Buildings and Grounds; 
Banks and Banking; Drainage. 

Clark, G. C, Waynesboro, Wayne Co. Committees: Ways and Means; 
Education; Local and Private Legislation; Fees and Salaries. 

Cole, Frank, Bogue Chitto, R. F. D., Lincoln Co. Committees: Educa- 
tion; Railroads; Claims. 

Conner, M. S., Seminary, Covington Co. Committees: Rules. 

Coody, Excell, Phoenix, Yazoo Co. Committees: Constitution; Missis- 
sippi Levees; Eleemosynary Institutions; Penitentiary; Immigra- 
tion and Labor. 

Cotten, R. S., Corinth, Alcorn Co. Committees: Ways and Means; Ag- 
riculture (Chm.); Railroads. 

Crockett, S. L., Tyro, Sunflower Co. Committees: Judiciary; Appro- 
priations; Mississippi Levees; Penitentiary; Public Buildings and 
Grounds; Banks and Banking; Drainage. 

Daniels, J. J., DeKalb, Kemper Co. Committees: Agriculture; Fees 
and Salaries; County Affairs; Pensions. 

Darden, Wm. M. McXair, Jefferson Co. Committees: Constitution; 
Ways and Means; Eleemosynary Institutions (Chm.); Fees and 
Salaries. 

David, W. R., Ocean Springs, Jackson Co. Committees: Judiciary; 
Constitution; Appropriations; Immigration and Labor; Fisheries, 
Commerce and Shipping (Chm.). 
Davis, H. L., Tula, Lafayette Co. Committees: Constitution; Appro- 
priations; Roads, Ferries and Bridges; Banks and Banking. 
Day, Icey W., Ethel, Attala Co. , Committees: Judiciary; Eleemosyn- 
ary Institutions; Immigration and Labor; Federal Relations; 
Municipalities. 

52— M 





































s 



818 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

Dearlng, Benj. W., Newton, Newton Co. Committees: Agriculture; 
Registrations and Elections; County Affairs; Roads, Ferries and 
Bridges. 
Dendy, J. R., Pickens, Madison Co. Committees: Railroads; Public 
Lands; Registrations and Elections; Public Printing; Peniten- 
. tiary; County Affairs; Roads, Ferries and Bridges; Liquor Traf- 
fic; Pensions. 
Denley, G. E., Coffeeville, Yalobusha Co. Committees: Municipalities; 

Railroads, Public Printing; Liquor Traffic. 
Dorroh, C. E., Macon, Noxubee Co. Committees: Judiciary; Eleemo- 
synary Institutions; Military Affairs. 
Draughn, C. D., New Augusta, Perry Co. Committees: Agriculture; 
Fees and Salaries; Federal Relations; Liquor Traffic; Propositions 
and Grievances. 
Dyre, Hackett, Winona, Route 7, Montgomery and Grenada Counties. 
Appropriations; Education; Immigration and Labor; House Con- 
tingent Expenses. 
East, W. J., Senatobia, Tate Co. Committees: Judiciary; Claims; Im- 
migration and Labor; Propositions and Grievances; Banks and 
Banking. 
Ervin, D. L., Columbus, Lowndes Co. Committees: Appropriations; 
Corporations; Eleemosynary Institutions; Military Affairs; Pen- 
sions. 
Everett, Dr. C. A. Monroe, Franklin Co. Committees: Public Health 
and Quarantine; Registrations and Elections; Eleemosynary In- 
stitutions; Insurance. 
Everett, N. M., Hickory, Newton Co. Committees: Rules; Judiciary; 

Ways and Means (Chm.); Appropriations; Corporations. 
Ferguson, V. P., Utica, Hinds Co. Committees: Railroads; Peniten- 
tiary; Roads, Ferries and Bridges. 
Finch, H. L., Heidelberg, Jasper Co. Committees: Judiciary; Consti- 
tution; Ways and Means; Agriculture; Federal relations (Chm.) 
Foster, R. E„ Shiloh, Issaquena Co. Committees: Agriculture; Mis- 
sissippi Levees; County Affairs; Pensions: Drainage. 
Foster, T. R., Vicksburg, Warren Co. Committees: Judiciary; Public 
Lands; Public Health and Quarantine; Eleemosynary Institu- 
tions; Pensions. , 
Gaines, Stanley, Boyle, Bolivar Co. Committees: Judiciary; Federal 
Relations; Public Buildings and Grounds; Military Affairs; In- 
surance. 
Genin, Robert L., Bay St. Louis, Hancock Co. Committees: Judici- 
ary; Constitution; Census and Apportionment; Eleemosynary 
Institutions; Military Affairs; Fisheries, Commerce and Shipping. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 819 

Gibson, Chas. E., Monticello, Lawrence Co. Committees: Judiciary; 
Constitution; Ways and Means; Public Lands (Chm.); Penitenti- 
ary. 

Glenn, F. M., Noxapater, Winston Co. Committees: Manufactures; 
Roads; Ferries and Bridges; Insurance. 

Going, J. B., Calhoun City, Calhoun Co. Committees: Ways and 
Means; Public Printing; Banks and Banking. 

Gore, S. S., Embry, Webster Co. Committees: Agriculture; Educa- 
tion; Engrossed Bills; Municipalities; Drainage. 

Gray, Wm. Claud, Fulton, R. F. D. No. 1, Itawamba Co. Committees: 
Agriculture; Education; Registrations and Elections; Federal Re- 
lations; Insurance. 

Green, Edward H. Jackson, Hinds Co. Committees: Judiciary; Rail- 
roads (Chm.); Census and Apportionment; Immigration and La- 
bor. "* 

Green, John D., Sturgis, Oktibbeha Co. Committees: Judiciary; Con- 
stitution; Appropriations; Registrations and Elections (Chm.); 
Banks and Banking. 

Green, Walter G., Natchez, Adams Co. Committees: Judiciary; Cor- 
porations; Eleemosynary Institutions; House Contingent Ex- 
penses; Mileage. 

Hairston, J. M., Gulfport, Harrison and Jackson Counties. Commit- 
tees: Judiciary; Military Affairs; Fisheries, Commerce and Ship- 
ping; Municipalities. 

Hardin, J. A., Potts Camp, Marshall Co. Committees: Appropria- 
tions; Agriculture; Railroads; Public Buildings and Grounds. 

Hawkins, Geo. R., Vicksburg, Warren Co. Committees: Registrations 
and Elections; Fees and Salaries; Federal Relations; Public 
Buildings and Grounds. 

Hayes, Rowe, Sumner, Tallahatchie Co. Committees: Judiciary; Con- 
stitution; Appropriations; Local and Private Legislation; Missis- 
sippi Levees. 

Hewitt, F. D., McComb, Pike Co. Committees: Judiciary; Constitu- 
tion (Chm.); Ways and Means; Railroads; Roads, Ferries and 
Bridges. 

Howerton, J. S., Guntown, Lee Co. Committees: Rules; Ways and 
Means; Appropriations (Chm.); Penitentiary. 

Hoyle, D. E., Paris, LaFayette Co. Committees: Education; Rail- 
roads; Public Printing; Penitentiary; Liquor Traffic. 

Hubbard, Prince, Shuqualak, Noxubee Co. Committees: Corporations; 
Census and Apportionment; Penitentiary; County Affairs; Propo- 
sitions and Grievances. 

Hutcheson, J. R., Centreville, Wilkinson Co. Committees: Ways and 
Means; Corporations; Registrations and Elections; Federal Re- 
lations; Liquor Tramc. 



820 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

Holton, J. C, Louisville, Winston and Leake Cos. Committees: Ag- 
riculture; Census and Apportionment; Manufactures; Public 
Printing; Military Affairs. 

Irby, E. J. Scooba, Kemper Co. Committees: Ways and Means; Edu- 
cation; Public Buildings and Grounds; Banks and Banking. 

Johnson, H. H., Lexington, Holmes Co. Committees; Judiciary; Pub- 
lic Lands; Local and Private Legislation; Mississippi Levees. 

Johnston, Oscar G., Clarksdale, Coahoma Co. Committees: Judiciary; 
Railroads; Mississippi Levees; Insurance. 

Keys, R. Taylor, Sardis, Panola Co. Committees: Appropriations; 
Education; Immigration and Labor. 

Kincannon, F. L., Tupelo, Lee Co. Committees: Judiciary; Constitu- 
tion; Education; Public Printing; Eleemosynary Institutions; 
Fees and Salaries; Roads, Ferries and Bridges; Banks and Bank- 
ing (Chm.) 

King, Benjamin, Hazlehurst, Copiah Co. Committees: Judiciary; Con- 
stitution; Corporations; Eleemosynary Institutions. 

Knotts, W. S., Belzoni, Washington Co. Committees: Judiciary; Edu- 
cation; Claims; Mississippi Levees; Banks and Banking. 

Kolk, W. H., Aberdeen, R. F. D. No. 3, Monroe Co. Committees: Pen- 
itentiary; Fees and Salaries; County Affairs; Liquor Traffic; In- 
surance. 

Kyle, A. S. Batesville, Panola Co. Committees: Rules; Claims; Public 
Health and Quarantine; Banks and Banking; Drainage. 

Lauderdale, J. C, Bright, DeSoto Co. Committees: Mississippi Le- 
vees; Roads, Ferries and Bridges; Banks and Banking. 

Lindsey, C. A., Eupora, Choctaw Co. Committees: Rules; Appropria- 
tions; Corporations; Immigration and Labor (Chm.); Drainage. 

Lott, L. J., Grenada, R. F. D. No. 3, Carroll Co. Committees: County 

Affairs; Liquor Traffic; Drainage. 

Luper, 0\ C, Prentiss, Jefferson Davis Co. Committees: Judiciary; 
Appropriations; Local and Private Legislation; Penitentiary; In- 
surance, (Chm.). 

Luster, T. A., Utica, R. F. D. No. 2, Claiborne Co. Committees: Ways 
and Means; County Affairs. 

Magill, J. N., Bethany, Union Co. Committees: Appropriations; 
Claims; Penitentiary; County Affairs; Roads, Ferries and 
Bridges; Federal Relations. 

Mann, J. R., Iuka, R. F. D. No. 1, Tishomingo Co. Committees : Ag- 
riculture; Penitentiary; Liquor Traffic; Pensions; Drainage. 

Maples, L. W., Clarence, George Co. Committees: Ways and Means; 
Education; County Affairs; Propositions and Grievances; Fish- 
eries, Commerce and Shipping. 

McGill, R. B., Falkner, Benton Co. Committees: Judiciary and Educa- 
tion. 
























it 






LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 821 

McLain, W. I., Richton, Route No. 1; Greene Co. Committees: Appro- 
priations, Claims; Census and Apportionment; Eleemosynajry 
Institutions. 

Mclntyre, W. E., Brandon, Rankin Co. Committees: Rules; Judiciary; 
Local and Private Legislation; (Chm.); Census and Apportion- 
ment; County Affairs. 

Meagher, P. C, Bentonia, Yazoo Co. Committees: Mississippi Levees; 
Public Printing; Eleemosynary Institutions; Insurance; Drain- 
age. 

Miller, H. L., Quitman, Clarke Co. Committees: Judiciary; Agri- 
culture; Education; Corporations; Registrations and Elections. 

Miller, Martin M., Edinburgh R. F. D. No. 2, Leake Co. Committees: 
Appropriations; Corporations; Fees and Salaries; Pensions. 

Murphree, Dennis, Pittsboro, Calhoun Co. Committees: Education; 
Public Health and Quarantine; Public Printing (Chm). 

Nelson, F. H., Pope, Panola Co. Committees: Corporations; Census 
and Apportionment; Registrations and Elections; Eleemosynary 
Institutions; Engrossed Bills. 

Netterville, C. T. Wilkinson, Wilkinson Co. Committees: Agriculture; 
Railroads; Census and Apportionment; Registrations and Elec- 
tions. 

Nolen, W. A., Water Valley, Yalobusha Co. Committees: Eleemosy- 
nary Institutions; Penitentiary; County Affairs; Federal Rela- 
tions. 

Norwood, Joseph E., Magnolia, Pike Co. Committees: Rules; Judic- 
iary (Chm.); Appropriations; Public Printing. 

O'Neal, E. E., Saucier, Harrison Co. Committees: Census and Appor- 
tionment; Immigration and Labor; Liquor Traffic; Fisheries, 
Commerce and Shipping. 

Paxton, A. G., Greenville, Washington Co. Committees: Judiciary; 
Ways and Means; Mississippi Levees. 

Perry, Dr. V. M. (dec'd.), Satartia, Yazoo Co; Committees: Census and 
Apportionment; Public Health and Quarantine; Mississippi Le- 
vees; Eleemosynary Institutions. 

Pope, W. W., Tylertown, Walthall Co. Committees: Agriculture; 
Corporations; Census and Apportionment; Registrations and 
Elections; Pensions. 

Purvis, Sam J., Blue Springs, Union Co. Committees: Ways and 
Means; Education; House Contingent Expenses (Chm.); Mileage. 

Ralston, R. L., Coahoma, Coahoma Co. Committees: Mississippi Le- 
vees; Penitentiary; Roads, Ferries and Bridges (Chm.); House 
Contingent Expenses. 

Ray, Tip, Canton, Madison Co. Committees: Judiciary; Appropria- 
tions; Claims (Chm.); Corporations; Military Affairs. 
40— m 



822 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTilENT 

• 

Redditt, Dr. G. Irby, McCarley, Carroll Co. Committees: Ways and 

Means; Public Health and Quarantine; Eleemosynary Institutions; 

Banks and Banking. 
Rhodes, John S., Jackson, Hinds Co. Committees: Judiciary; Ways 

and Means; Eleemosynary Institutions; Military Affairs (Chm.) 

Municipalities. 

Rice, Joe, Starkville, Oktibbeha Co. Committees: Judiciary; Educa- 
tion; Census and Apportionment; Registrations and Elections; 
Manufactures; Military Affairs. 

Roberson, Frank, Pontotoc, Pontotoc Co. Committees: Judiciary; 
Ways and Means; Fees and Salaries (Chm.); Mileage. 

Roberts, Judge D. F., Satartia, Yazoo Co. Committees; Appropria- 
tions; Mississippi Levees; Public Printing; Penitentiary; Pen- 
sions. 

Ross, U. B., Lambert, Quitman Co. Committees: Corporations; Pub- 
lic Lands; Mississippi Levees; Penitentiary (Chm.); Roads, 
Ferries and Bridges. 

Semmelman, B. S., West Point, Clay Co. Committees: Corporations; 
Penitentiary; Military Affairs; Insurance; Municipalities. 

Sheffield, Robt. S., Dorsey, Itawamba and Lee Cos. Committees: Cor- 
porations; Public Printing; Penitentiary; Liquor Traffic. 

Sillers, Walter, Jr., Rosedale, Bolivar Co. Committees: Judiciary; 
Mississippi Levees; Manufactures (Chm.); Fees and Salaries; 
Banks and Banking. 

Singley, Isaac, Columbia, Marion Co. Committees: Appropriations; 
Education; Manufactures; Liquor Traffic (Chm.); 

Smith, Fred B., Tippah and Benton Cos., Ripjey, Committees: Judic- 
iary; Railroads; Immigration and Labor; Insurance; Drainage. 

Smylie, J. A., Crystal Springs,. Copiah Co. Committees: Judiciary; 

Census and Apportionment; Pensions; Insurance. 
Sojourner, Albert, Natchez, Adams Co. Committees: Ways and 

Means; Public Buildings and Grounds; Military Affairs; Drainage. 
Spears, W. I., Byhalia, Marshall Co. Committees: Ways and Means; 

Public Health and Quarantine, Fisheries, Commerce and Fishing; 

Pensions. 
Splann, J. B., Kendrick, Alcorn Co. Committees: Railroads; Public 

Printing; Immigration and Labor; Roads, Ferries and Bridges; 

Drainage. 
Stamps, W. W., Collierville, Tenn., R., Marshall Co. Committees: 

Manufactures; Eleemosynary Institutions; Roads, Ferries and 

Bridges; Public Buildings and Grounds. 
Stegall, Wm. T., Pontotoc, Pontotoc Co. Committees: Ways and 

Means; Railroads; Eleemosynary Institutions; Drainage, 











































< 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 823 

Stephens F. B., West Point, Clay Co. Committees: Education; Rail- 
roads; Public Lands; Public Printing; Propositions and Griev- 
ances. 

Stephenson, T. C, Lexington, Holmes Co. Committees: Appropria- 
tions; Mississippi Levees, County Affairs (Chm.); Pensions. 

Stockstill, J. E., Picayune. Pearl River Co. Committees: Judiciary; 
Constitution; Appropriations; Education; Banks and Banking. 

Stone, A. H., Dunleith, Washington Co. Committees: Education; Mis- 
sissippi Levees; Pubilc Buildings and Grounds; Insurance. 

Stroud, Dr. W. F., Pinola R. F. D. No. 2, Simpson Co. Committees: 
Census and Apportionment; Public Health and Quarantine 
(Chm.); Eleemosynary Institutions. 

Sutherland, R. E. L., Wheeler, Prentiss Co. Committees: Education 
(Chm.); Public Health and Quarantine; Manufactures; County 
Affairs. 

Taylor, Willis M., Meridian Route 5, Lauderdale Co. Committees: Ed- 
ucation; Registrations and Elections; Public Printing; Eleemosyn- 
ary Institutions; Engrossed Bills. 

Thomas, J. R., Bent Oak, Lowndes Co. Committees: Agriculture; 
Railroads; Public Lands; County Affairs. 

Thompson, E. M., Winona R. F. D. No. 1, Montgomery Co. Commit- 
tees: Ways and Means; Corporations; Pensions (Chm.). 

Thornton, H. C, Mize R. F. D. No. 2, Smith Co. Committees: Rail- 
roads; Public Lands; Registrations and Elections; Eleemosy- 
nary Institutions; Liquor Traffic; Propositions and Grievances. 

Tubb, A. A., Amory R. F. D., Monroe County, Committees: Judiciary; 
Education; Railroads; Municipalities. 

Verrell, E. N., Houston, Chickasaw Co. Committees: Appropriations; 
Claims; Penitentiary; Liquor Traffic; Drainage. 

Wall, D. J., Jr., Peoria, Amite Co. Committees: Agriculture; Edu- 
cation; Claims; Liquor Traffic. 

Warren, Dalton F., Olive Branch, DeSoto Co. — Committees: Ways and 
Means; Corporations; Mississippi Levees; Public Printing. 

Wasson, J. C., Ethel. R. F. D.. Attala Co. Committees: Judiciary; 
Public Printing; Insurance; Banks and Banking. 

Watts, R. H., Leesburg, Rankin Co. Committees: Ways and Means; 
Railroads; Penitentiary; Immigration and Labor. 

Weems, W. L., Sun, Scott Co. Committees: Appropriations; Rail- 
roads; Liquor Traffic; Pensions. 

West, W. L., Nancy, Clarke & Jasper Cos. Committees: Education; 
Census and Apportionment; Manufactures; Eleemosynary Insti- 
tutions; House Contingent Expenses; Engrossed Bills. 

White, L. N., Lexington. Holmes Co. Committees: Judiciary; Census 
and Apportionment; Public Printing; Military Affairs. 



824 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

Wildman, W. R., Ripley, Tippah Co. Committees: Agriculture; Edu- 
cation; Manufactures; Roads. Ferries and Bridges; Insurance. 

Williams, T. B., Philadelphia, Neshoba Co. Committees: Appropria- 
tions; Railroads; Pensions.. 

Winter, W^A. Grenada, Grenada Co. Committees: Agriculture; Public 
Printing; Eleemosynary Institutions; Military Affairs. 

Wright, F. A., Lucien, Franklin and Lincoln Cos. Committees: Ap- 
propriations; Education; Insurance. 

Yeager, John A., Lumberton, Lamar Co. Committees: Judiciary; Ap- 
propriations; Local and Private Legislation; Public Printing; 
Fees and Salaries; Municipalities (Chin.). 

Young, S. R., Pattison, Claiborne and Jefferson Cos. Committees: 
Corporations; Liquor Traffic; Propositions and Grievances; 
Pensions. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



825 



SKETCHES OF MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE. 



ADAMS COUNTY 

WALTER GALLOWAY GREEN of Natchez, who 
represents Adams County, was born in the city of 
Natchez June 29, 1892. His father, Thos. Keenan 
Green, was born near Jackson. Hinds County, 
Mississippi. He remained in Hinds County until 
about 1878, when he removed to Concordia Parish, 
Louisiana, where he became a cotton planter. 
In 1886 he moved his family back to their 
native State, settling- them in Natchez, while he 
himself retained his citizenship in Louisiana. That 
same year he was elected Sheriff of Concordia 
Parish, and two years thereafter was elected to the 
House of Representatives of Louisiana. 

The paternal grandparents of Walter Galloway 
Green, Thos. K. Green and Roena (York) Green, 
were natives of Greensboro, North Carolina. They 
< were of Scotch origin. 

His mother's maiden name was Ellen Hay Shot- 
well ; she was the daughter of Bourbon Shotwell 
and Laura (Hay) Shotwell of Tougaloo, Hinds 
County, Mississippi. She traces descent from 
Mathew Hay, who was born in the North of Ire- 
land about 1670, and immigrated to America in 1700. 
settling near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His son 
bore the patriot arms in the Revolutionary War. 

Representative Green is broadly educated, having 
secured his education at a variety of institutions. 
He completed his preparatory training at the 
Natchez High School ; he then attended the Culver 
Military Academy at Culver, Indiana; later became 
a student at Tulane University, New Orleans, 
Louisiana, and finally entered the Law Department 
of the University of Mississippi, from which he was 
graduated in 1914 with the degree of LL. R. That 
same year he entered upon the practice of his pro- 
fession in his home city, and the following year 
was honored by being elected to the Lower House 
of the Legislature for the term of 1916-1920. where, 
notwithstanding his youth, he has served ably upon 
the following committees: Judiciary; Corpora- 
tions; Eleemosynary Instructions; House Contin- 
gent Expenses ; Mileage. 




Walter G. Green 



82$ 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



Mr. Green is a Democrat and a member of the 
Episcopal Church. He belongs to the Delta Kappa 
Epsilon College Fraternity, and is a Master Mason 
of Harmony Lodge Xo. 1, F. & A. M., at Natchez. 
He is still unmarried. 







Albert B. Sojouner 



ALBERT BOYD SOJOUNER, whose address is 
R. F. D. No. 1, Natchez, Mississippi, represents 
Adams County in the Lower House. He was born 
February 4, 1872, at Kingston, Mississippi, where 
his father, Absolom Hardy Sojouner, was also born, 
and lived all his life, except for four years spent 
in the Civil War. He was a private in the famous 
Jeff Davis Legion of Cavalry Army of Northern 
Virginia. His parents were Harry Sojouner and 
Missouri (Thomas) Sojouner of Kingston. The 
Sojouners came from South Carolina, and the 
Thomas family from Tennessee. 

The family of Representative Sojouner's mother 
were from Wyth County, Virginia. Her name was 
Laura Josephine Boyd, and she was the daughter 
of Alexander Boyd and Wealthy (Thomas) Boyd 
of Kingston. 

Mr. Sojouner secured his early education in the 
rural schools of Kingston, where his teachers were 
Walter Steward, Clarence Raymond and Hon. Clif- 
ton N. Winston. After completing the elementary 
schools he learned to be a mechanic, and made a 
livelihood by working at his trade in Kentucky, Illi- 
nois and Mississippi. The experience that he gained 
by traveling is an education in itself. He then 
returned to his native State and took up the 
occupation of farming. He served as Justice of 
the Peace in Adams County, District No. 2, from 
1909 to 1915, an office in which he gave general 
satisfaction. He was then nominated for the Legis- 
lature and elected to serve during the present term 
of 1916-20. Representative Sojouner has proved 
himself worthy in every way of the trust reposed 
in him by the people of his county. Gifted with the 
highest ideals of right and justice, he is always 
found laboring with the safe leaders who have the 
State's true welfare at heart. He is very popular 
with the members of the Legislature. He is ren- 
dering faithful service on the following committees: 
Ways and Means ; Public Buildings and Grounds ; 
Military Affairs ; Drainage. 

Mr. Sojouner is a Democrat, and a member of 
the Woodmen of the World, S. S. Prentiss Camp 
No. 4 at Natchez. 

* He married Kate Aubrey Bailey, November 27. 
1907, near Washington. Mississippi. She was the 
daughter of George W. Bailey and Kate Aubrey 
(Jackson) Bailey of that place. The Jacksons are 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 827 



descendents of English cavaliers who settled in 
Virginia. George Bailey's ancestors were Virgin- 
ians of Northumberland County. Mrs. Sojouner also 
had Scotch, French and Spanish ancestry. She 
died December 13, 1915, and was buried at Natchez, 
Mississippi. 

Mr. Sojouner has five children: — Absolom Hardy, 
Carol Pickett, Alexander Boyd, William Aubrey, 
and Laurence Jackson. 



ALCORN COUNTY 






ROBERT BELL COTTON of Corinth, Miss., was psww 

born June 8, 1859, in Tippah County, the son of 

James Madison Cotton and his wife, Martha Ellen 

(Bell) Cotton. His father was a native of Shelby- 

ville, Tenn., who when a young man moved with 

his parents to Tippah County, Miss., and taught 

school there until the Civil War, when he enlisted 

in the 32nd Regiment, and became Captain of Com- 
pany E, His grandfather, Petter Cotton, came 

from Scotland before the Revolution and fought in 

that war for American Independence : also in the g 

War of 1812. His maternal ancestors came from 

Ireland to South Carolina and in 1857 moved to l :: . . . -■^-*^:.^ 

Mississippi. 

Mr. Cotton obtained his early education in the Robert B. Cotton 

public schools of Dumas and Ripley ; he clerked for 
several years and finally went into business at 
Tiplersville, but soon returned to the farm on ac- 
count of his failing health. He is a Democrat, a ■ 
Presbyterian, a Woodman of the World ; was a 
prominent member of the Farmers* Alliance during 
the existence of that organization, and is now a 
member of the Farmers' Union. 

He was elected to the House of Representatives 
at a special election held to select a successor to 
W. T. Bennett ; served in the special session of 
1911 ; re-elected to the House, November 7, 1911. 
He is the author and secured the passage of the 
Six Per-cent Exemption Act ; took an active part 
in the enactment of the Guarantee Banking Law, 
the Anti-Corporation Land Law. He is also the 
author at the current session of the bill to estab- 
lish a system of co-operative markets for agri- 
cultural products ; also author of an act providing 
for the incorporation of co-operative associations or 
societies for the purpose of transacting business in 
a co-operative way. In 1915 Mr. Cotton was again 
elected representative of his county and serves abry 
on the committees of Ways and Means; Agriculture 
of which he is chairman. 

Mr. Cotton was married November 26, 1885, at 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

Ripley, to Eldora Wiggs, a daughter of Dr. Marcus 
Wiggs of Tennessee, whose ancestors came from 
Scotland to South Carolina, and thence to Missis- 
sippi in the early settlement of the State. Mr. and 
Mrs. Cotton have seven children: — Edna (Mrs. J. D. 
Brewer), Lucile (Mrs. W. H. Davis), Lester, 
Robert, Ethridge, Elizabeth, and Allene. Repre- 
sentative Cotton is a member of the following com- 
mittees: — Federal Relations (Chairman) ;* Agricul- 
ture ; Railroads ; and Public Lands. 



p^-^- _ ^ .^^^^ JOHN BENJAMIN SPLANN of Kendrick, Miss., 

f' ■ % son of John Edwin Splann and Mollie N. (Howell) 

. r . ft ISpiann, the latter a daughter of Benjamin Howell 

ii.ua iNancy (Green) Howell of Giles County, Tenn., 

was born June Z'l, 1875, in McNairy County, Tenn., 

V^Hjk f?~- 4 | aoout seven miles north of Corinth, Miss. His 

J famer, John E. Splann, son of John Splann ana 

f , Estner Jb'razier of southern Alabama, was born in 



r 






i^feaJiisS^ i,is^ii^ 



John B. Splann 



Uiat section, but has lived for the greater part of 
nis lire in Alcorn County, Miss. 

oAir. bpiann was educated in the common schools 
of his locality. He was a farmer up to l&t\j , 
blacksmith for next ten years; after which he be- 
came a merchant, with interests in milling anu 
ginning business. He has never held a public omce 
'except that of Notary Public, but has always becii 
deeply interested in all questions touching com- 
munity and county welfare, and for the past few 
years has been interested in State airairs, with 
a desire to be of some benefit to the people of his 
section. As a member of the Legislature of 1916-2:0 
he gives the State's business his closest attention 
and while an economist, he has no desire to block 
any legislation that seeks to properly support the 
educational institutions of the State. He is a valu- 
able member of the following committees: — Rail- 
roads; Public Printing; Immigration and Labor; 
Roads, Ferries and Bridges ; Drainage. 

Representative Splann is a member of the 
Christian Church, in which he has served as clerk 
for fifteen years, and is a man of consistent chris- 
tian life. He was ordained to the ministry of that 
denomination in 1902. 

On January 15, 1901, he was married to Maude 
Potts, at Kendrick, Miss. She is the daughter 
of Aaron Potts and Sarah (Wolf) Potts, of Ken- 
drick. Representative and Mrs. Splann have four 
children: — Bessie E., Ena May, John Benjamin, Jr., 
and Carroll E. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



829 



AMITE COUNTY 

JOHN FRANKLIN CASSELS of Gloster. Repre- 
sentative of Amite County, was born October 27. 
1852, in a farmer's home near Mt Carmel. Wil- 
kinson County, Miss. His father, John Cassels. 
son of Reuben Cassels and Mary Sojouner of Adams 
County, was also a native of "Wilkinson County. 
Miss., and was a public-spirited and progressive 
citizen, deeply Interested in all community affairs 
in his locality. He served as a member of the 
Board of Supervisors for a number of years. His 
wife. Sarah Nix Collinsworth. was a native of 
Amite County. 

The Cassels are of Scotch ancestry and trace 
their lineage directly back to the Highlands of 
Scotland. The Sojouners are of Irish descent and 
Mr. Cassels can claim direct line to these two coun- 
tries, his grandfather having been born in Scotland 
and his grandmother in Ireland. His mother was 
the daughter of Rev. William Collinworth. a Metho- 
dist minister before the division In Methodism took 
place. 

Mr. Cassels attended the private schools of his 
neighborhood, after which he entered the High 
School at Natchez. Miss. Having been reared on a 
farm, his tastes were naturally in that direction 
and he has always been closely allied with the in- 
terests of the farming class. In the Farmers' Alli- 
ance and the Southern Cotton Association he has 
held important offices and always manifested much 
Interest In these organizations, when they were in 
operation. Having been popular in his section, he 
was induced to become a candidate and was elected 
In 1915. as Representative from Amite County. In 
the> 1916 session of the Legislature, Mr. Cassels took 
the deepest interest in all public questions of re- 
form and progress and. though caring little for 
political preferment, he bids fair to be the choice 
of his people for many years. 

Representative Cassels, in political faith, is a 
Democrat: he Is a member of the Methodist Church. 
In which he has been a steward for twenty-five 
years, a Sunday-schoof Superintendent for thirty 
years, and recording secretary for the Quarterly 
Conference for twenty years. He has been a Mason 
for forty-two years. On January 2. 1879. Mr. Cas- 
sels was married to Lettie Virginia Jackson of 
Amite County. Mrs. Cassels is the daughter of 
David Jackson and Cellna Causey Jackson of OUo. 
Amite County, Miss. Mr. and Mrs. Cassels have 
two sons: — Rev. Delos Howard Cassels and Worth 
William Cassels. 

Mr. Cassels Is serving ably on the following 
committees :— Appropriations ; Registrations and 




830 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 




Drury J. Wall, Jr. 



Elections: Fees and Salaries; Federal Relations; 
Pensions. 



DRURY JOSEFH WALL, Jr., of Peoria, who 
represents Amite County, was born at Gillsburg, In 
that County. February 15. 1874. His father, Drury 
William Wall, was born and lived at Gills- 
burg'. He was at one time Constable of his county. 
Fifth District. His parents were Reuben Tucker 
Wall and his wife. Rebecca Champion (Wurst) 
Wall, who lived in Amite County. 

Mr. Wall's paternal ancestors were originally 
from North Carolina. He is a relative of the Hon. 
John Wall, Senator from Amite County, Missis- 
sippi, 1837-1846. 

His mother, Martha Jane (Tate) Wall, was from 
Louisiana. She was the daughter of Charles and 
Matilda (Bates) Tate of that State. 

Representative Wall was educated in the public 
schools of Amite County, and in the Gillsburg 
High School. He did not attend college, but after 
leaving high school took up the duties of an active 
life as farmer and merchant. He has had con- 
siderable experience in public life. From 1907 to 
1912 he was Justice of the Peace In Amite County; 
notary public from 1912 to 1916 ; and Registrar 
of Vital Statistics of his County. Having filled 
these positions with much credit to himself he was 
sought by the people of his county for a higher 
office and in 1915 was urged to represent his County 
In the Legislature. He began his first term as 
Representative in 1916, and has served with great 
diligence upon the following committees : — Agricul- 
ture ; Education Claims ; Liquor Traffic. 

Mr. Wall Is a Democrat; from 1913 to 1916 he 
was an able and energetic member of the Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee of his County. He be- 
longs to the Baptist Church, Missionary, is a 
Trustee of the Robinson Baptist Church of Peoria 
and a member of the building committee. He Is a 
Mason and a Woodmen of the World : has been 
Council Commander, Clerk, and Banker of the 
Woodmen. 

He was married at Gillsburg. August 12. 1894, to 
Miss Rubine Gemina Hughes, the daughter of 
Robert Fluker Hughes and his wife, Eliza Gertrude 
(Bailey) Hughes, of Gillsburg. Robert Fluker 
Hughes rendered faithful services as a Confederate 
soldier in the Civil War. His father was a Ken- 
tuckian, his family having settled in that State 
In the early pioneer days of the State. Represen- 
tative Wall and wife have five children; — Clifton 
Lamar * Maurice Herman ; Nellie May ; Robert 
Covert; and Ruble Drury, 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



831 



ATTALA COUNTY 

ICEY WILEY DAY of Ethel, Representative 
from Attala Count, was born at that place on July 
first, 1891, and is therefore one of our youngest 
legislators. He is the son of John Vandiver Day. 
of Ethel, who was born in Harris County*. Georgia. 
May 17, 1838. The year after John Vandiver Day's 
birth, his parents, Wiley P. and Sarah (Gaston) 
Day, removed from Georgia to Mississippi. The 
family In the paternal line is of Irish descent, and 
on the maternal side is Scotch-Irish. 
. Mr. Day's mother. Anne Elizabeth (Wilson) Day. 
Is of Scotch-Irish ancestors. Her parents. Isom 
W. Wilson and his wife, Sarah Elizabeth (Fulen) 
Wilson, were residents of Attala County. Missis- 
sippi. Her father was a brave Confederate soldier 
In Forrest's Cavalry, and her grandfather Pulen 
served both in the War of 1812 and In the War 
with Mexico. 

At the age of thirteen Mr. Day entered the State 
Institution for the Blind, at Jackson. Mississippi 
and remained there until he was nineteen (in the 
year 1910). He then continued his education at 
the University of Mississippi. He obtained his pro- 
fessional training In law at that institution, re- 
ceiving the degree of LL. B. In 1913. with honors. 
He was a member of thp Hermean Literary Society. 
In 1913 he began the practice of his profession at 
Kosciusko. Mississippi, and two years thereafter 
(November. 1915) was elected to the House of 
Representatives. He has already shown his ability 
as a public official of unusual ability in the work he 
has done upon the following committees : — Judic- 
iary ; Eleemosynary Institutions : Immigration and 
Labor; Federal Relations: Municipalities. 

Representative Day Is a Democrat, and a member 
of the Baptist Church. 

On September 13, 1912, at Duck Hill. Mississippi. 
he was married to Miss Hugh Annie Tavlor. daugh- 
ter of Benjamin B. Taylor and his wife, Elizabeth 
(Coreley) Tayor, residents of Montgomery County, 
Mississippi. Mr. Taylor was a Confederate soldier 
and rendered faithful service in the Fifth Missis- 
sippi Regiment during the Civil War, and died in 
Montgomery County at the advanced age of eighty- 
eight. 




Icey W. Day 



832 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



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t kkM 



James C. Wasson 




Roderick E. McGill 



JAMES CARLISLE WASSON of Ethel, Miss., 
Representative from Attala County, was som 
March 31. 1SSS. at Creek in that county. His 
paternal grandfather. John A. Wasson, was born 
in North Carolina, moved to Cobb County, Ga., 
thence to Attala County, Miss. His son. Newton 
Copeland Wasson, born in Cobb County, Ga., when 
twelve years old accompanied his father to Attala 
County. Miss., where he lived and became the 
father of James Carlisle Wasson. He was -a local 
preacher in Methodist Episcopal Church South. 

Mr. Wasson's maternal grandfather. Zachariah 
Ratliff. was born in Tennessee, and moved suc- 
cessively to Madison. Leake and Attala Counties. 

The paternal grandmother of Mr. Wasson was 
Eliza Bush (Copeland) Wasson; the maternal. 
Sarah Lucre tia (Adams) Ratlin*. His mother was 
Mary Jane Ratliff. 

Among the early settlers of Leake and Madison 
Counties, the N. C. Wasson family shared in all 
the first development of the country and James 
Carlisle Wasson is a worthy descendent of these 
honorable parents, having inherited from them the 
aspirations that are characteristic of a people who 
enjoy the blessings of a Democracy. He obtained 
his early education in a modest log school-house 
at Shady Grove in Attala County, Miss. He then 
attended Millsaps College throughout the Sophomore 
Class and studied law at Millsaps in 1915-16. He 
is at present engaged in teaching and farming. 

He was elected Representative in : 1915 and has 
assumed the duties of a Legislator in an intelli- 
gent fearless and manly manner that bids fair to 
win for him future honors from the people whom 
he represents. He serves ably on the following 
committees : — Judiciary ; Public Printing ; Insur- 
ance ; Banks and Banking. 

Representative Wasson is a Democrat ; in the 
Order of Masons, he is Junior Warden in Chapel 
Lodge 180 : also Chaplain in O. E. S. ; member of 
Methodist Episcopal Church, South. He Is un- 
married. ' ■'" ^fWTFW 



. BENTON COUNTY 

RODERICK BENTON McGILL of Faulkner, who 
represents Benton County in the Lower House, was 
born on the 15th day of July, 1888. at Faulkner. In 
the County of Tippah. His father, Henry Augustus 
McGill was born in Dumas In that County, and 
lived at Ripley, Mississippi, and also at Corinth, 
Mississippi, where he was engaged in the mercan- 
tile business. The paternal grandparents of 
Roderick Benton McGill, who were James S. and 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 833 



Mary Jane (Burrow) McGill. lived in Middle Ten- 
nessee. Their parents came directly from Ireland. 
During 1 the Revolutionary War the McGills were 
patriots, and bore an active part in the struggle 
for American liberty. 

The maiden name of Representative McGill's 
mother was Jessie Marthia Elliott. She was the 
daughter of William Henry Elliott and his wife. 
Mary Jane (Norton) Elliott, who lived at Ripley, 
Mississippi. 

Mr. "McGill received his early education in the 
public schools of Tippah County, and his high school 
training at Mississippi Heights Academy, and at 
Blue Mountain. Mississippi. Among the teachers 
who most influenced him during his preparatory 
schooling was Frof. John Edd Brown. 

Mr. McGill made law his chosen profession, and 
entered upon his legal course at the University of 
Mississippi, where he remained one year. His 
occupation at present is farming, but he has con- 
tinued his legal studies at home, in which he has 
always taken keen interest. Having become very 
popular with the people of his county, he was 
urged to become a candidate for public office and 
was elected to the Legislature in 1915, and has ably 
served the State upon the following important com- 
mittees : — Judiciary ; Education. 

Mr. McGill is a consistent Democrat, a member 
of the Baptist Church, and belongs to the Wood- 
men and Columbian Woodmen of the World, as 
soliciting agent He is unmarried. 



BOLIVAR COUNTY 



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WALTER SILLERS, Jr.. of Rosedale. Repre- 
sentative from Bolivar County, was born April 13, 
1888, at Rosedale and is the son of Walter Sillers 
and Florence Warfleld Sillers. 

Walter Sillers, Sr., the youngest son of Joseph 
and Matilda Sillers, was born on his father's plan- 
tation in Jefferson County, Mississippi, near Fayette, 
and when two years old removed with his parents to 
Bolivar County in this State, where he has lived 
ever since. He studied law at the University of 
Mississippi, formed the law firm of Sillers & Clark 
in 1887, and entered upon a practice that has 
grown until he is one of the foremost lawyers 
of his State. For eight years he was attorney for 

the Mississippi Levee District, and is now Piesi- Walter Siiiers, Jr 

dent of the Levee Board of that District. He is 
still in active practice as senior member of the 
firm of Sillers and Sillers. During the recon- 
struction period he took a leading part in ridding 

53— M 



£ 






834 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



the country of carpet bag and radical control; in 
1875 he organized the first Democratic club of 
Bolivar County, and in 1886 served in the Missis- 
sippi Legislature. Since then, though he has sev- 
eral times been a member of the State Democratic 
Executive Committee and has been interested in 
local politics, he has never cared to run for office. 
as his time has been largely taken up by the 
duties of his profession. . 

His father, Joseph Sillers, came with his father. 
Walter Sillers, from North Carolina to Mississippi 
while Mississippi was still a territory and settled 
in what is now Jefferson County. Joseph Sillers 
served in the Jefferson Davis Regiment in the 
Mexican War, and was Lieutenant in Bolivar 
Troop during the Civil War. In 1854 he removed 
to the Bolivar County. Near the close of the War 
he was captured and died at Vicksburg in the 
spring of 1865. 

The mother of Walter Sillers, Jr.. was Florence 
Warfleld, daughter of Elisha Warfield. who was 
Colonel of an Arkansas Regiment throughout the 
Civil War. and who raised the world-famous race 
horse, "Lexington," at Lexington. Kentucky, where 
his father, Elisha Warfield, Sr., had settled In 
early times. Elisha Warfield, Sr., was a soldier 
of the Revolution and the descendant of Richard 
Warfield, who came to America with Lord Balti- 
more and received a grant in Ann Arundel County, 
Maryland, from the King. One branch of the 
Sillers family, the Carsons. are descended from the 
Rev. James Carson,' a Methodist minister who came 
to New York from the North of Ireland in 1799 and 
settled in 1820 in Natchez. Governor Charles Clark 
of Mississippi, great-uncle of Representative Sillers, 
and General in the Confederate Army, was de- 
scended from the Clarks who came to America with 
Lord Baltimore. John T. Griffith of Adams County, 
great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was 
a literary man whose charming Indian stories were 
copied in English journals. 

Walter Sillers, Jr., was educated in the Rosedale 
High Schools. Sewqnee. Tennessee, and the Uni- 
versity of Mississippi. After having completed his 
law course at the University of Mississippi, he was 
admitted to the bar in 1909, beginning practice 
at Rosedale, Mississippi. Mr. Sillers has been very 
successful in the practice of his profession, his in- 
terest, however, in all public questions that con- 
cern the welfare of his State, drew him into 
political life, and he was induced by the people of 
his section to serve as their representative for the 
term beginning in 1916. Mr. Sillers is one of the 
best equipped members of the lower House. His 
Influence upon matters of legislation is of a certain 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 835 



and telling- quality, and the supporters of any 
measure are always eager to secure his assistance 
He represents the best ideals in the public life of 
the State, and it is to such men that the people of 
Mississippi look to exact and enforce honesty and 
Integrity in public office. The Mississippi Legisla- 
ture is stronger for the presence of Walter Sillers 
and his career in that body will be watched with 
interest by his many friends. He serves on the 
following committees : — Judiciary ; Mississippi 
Levees; Fees and Salaries; Banks and Banking; 
Manufactures, of which he is chairman. 

Though constantly engaged in the practice of his 
profession, Representative Sillers has served as a 
member of the Democratic Executive Committee of 
Bolivar County from 1912 to 1915. He is a 
Mason, in which organization he holds official posi- 
tion. On November 22. 1911. he was married to 
Lena Roberts, daughter of William B. Roberts and 
Minnie Poole Roberts, of Rosedale, Mississippi. 
Mrs. Sillers is one of the most chaimina; and capable 
members of the Mississippi Society of the Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution, in which organi- 
zation she is regent of the Rosedale Chapter. 



STANLEY FRANCIS GAINES of Boyle. Repre- 
sentative from Bolivar County is by birth a Ken- 
tuckian. He was born February 12, 1891, at 
Bowling Green, Warren County, Kentucky. His 
father, Len H. Gaines, was born in Oakland in thax 
same county, but left Kentucky at the age of seven- 
teen, and has been a resident of Bolivar County. 
Mississippi, for the past twenty year-. His parents. 
George Morton Gaines and Martha Gaines, came '££$ 

to Kentucky from Virginia whfm in their twenties %$S0^ J^ | 

and continued to reside in Kentucky until their \ ^- j^^^i 

death. When this young couple left Virginia, there 
came with them to Kentucky another young man 
and wife, William and Lettia Francis. They also 
remained in Kentucky, giving to that State one of Stanley F Gaines 

its most progressive families. Their daughter, 
Mary Jannette Francis, became the wife of their 
friends' son. Len H. Gaines, and the mother of 
young Stanley F. Gaines, the subject of this 
sketch. 

Mr. Gaines has been thoroughly educated at vari- 
ous Southern institutions. He obtained his early 
education in both private and public schools in the 
town of Boyle, where he lives. He was fitted for 
college at the University Training School at Oxford, 
Mississippi, and at the Sewanee Grammar School. 
Sewanee, Tennessee. He attended the universities 
of both those preparatory schools, the University 
of Mississippi, at Oxford, and the University of the 



1 

■4 W 









g36 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



South at Sewanee. Mr. Gaines has also had mili- 
tary experience, as First Lieutenant. I. S. A. P.. 
Fifth Battalion of the Mississippi National Guard. 
He was Alderman of the town of Boyle from 1913 
to 1915, in which latter year he was elected to the 
lower house of the State Legislature. Mr. Gaines 
is one of the most promising young members of the 
Legislature. He is especially well fitted for his 
position and has served with signal ability upon the 
following Committees : Judiciary. Federal' Rela- 
tions ; Public Buildings and Grounds : Military Af- 
fairs ; Insurance. Mr. Gaines belongs to the Ma- 
sonic order, Boyle Lodge No. 5 44, master the year 
1915 ; belongs to the J. J. Brooks Chapter of the 
Eastern Star, worthy patron. 1916 ; and is a mem- 
ber of the Elks Lodge No. 977, Clarksdale, Missis- 
sippi. December 28, 1915, the newly elected repre- 
sentative was married, at Jonestown, Coahoma 
County, Mississippi, to Louise Chapmen Coats, 
daughter of John Ren Coats and Annie E. Coats 
of that place. John Ren Coats was a native of 
Shiloh, Alabama, and came to Mississippi in 1886. 
His wife was the daughter of S. D. Cheavis of 
Dublic, Mississippi, where she was born in 1876. 
Her mother's maiden name was Mattie Hodges. 



DENNIS MURPHREE of Pittsboro, Representa- 
tive from Calhoun County, was born at Pittsboro. 
January 6, 1886. His father, Thomas Martin Mur- 
phree, was born at Oldtown, Calhoun County, and 
lived in that County all his life, holding a promi- 
nent place in local affairs. In 1861 he enlisted in 
Company F of the Fourth Mississippi Infantry, 
the first volunteer company to go from Calhoun 
County, and rendered faithful service for four years. 
He w r as Justice of the Peace two terms, member of 
the school board. Public Examiner, twice Circuit 
Clerk, and twice elected Representative from his 
County. 'He died while serving his second term. 
He established the Monitor, a weekly paper pub- 
Dennis Murphree lished at Pittsboro. His wife was Callie Cooper. 
Dennis Murphree's paternal grandfather, Thorm'.s 
Martin Murphree, Senior, was ove of the founders 
of Calhoun County, and was one of the commis- 
sioners who located the present county site. He 
was a member of the Board of Police of Chickasaw 
County before Calhoun County was formed. Dur- 
ing the "War of 1812 he was a member of General 
Jackson's Tennessee Riflemen, who defeated the 
British at New Orleans. The first American an- 
cestors of this worthy family were three brothers, 
named Murphy, who had taken part in Emmet's 
Rebellion and had fled the country. They came to 
America changed their name to Murphree, and 




LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



837 



settled in Tennessee and Alabama where they 
have been fighting" the battles for Democracy 
and honest government with a courage and valor 
that has characterized every succeeding generation. 
The connection is a large one ; at a family reun- 
ion held at Oldtown Church. Calhoun County, in 
1914, there were seven hundred of the connection 
present. Callie (Cooper) Murphree, imother of 
Dennis Murphree, was the daughter of William 
Cooper of Sarepta, Calhoun County, who was killed 
at Franklin, Tennessee, while in the service of the 
Confederacy. Mr. Murphree was educated in the 
public schools of his county, and in the printing 
office of his fatner, which he entered at the age 
of fourteen, and of which he took entire charge at 
nineteen. Through this paper he has wielded great 
influence for the betterment of his community. 
Mr. Murphree is one of the strongest and most 
fearless advocates in the state of high standards 
and honesty in public service and is destined to 
wield an influence for great good in Mississippi. 
During the year 1908-09 he was commissioner or 
Calhoun County. In 1911 he was elected from his 
county and with a majority of two to one. He was 
re-elected in 1915 and has been one of the ablest 
members of the following committees : Education , 
Public Health and Quarantine ; Public Printing, of 
which he is chairman. November 7, 1909, he mar- 
ried Clara Minnie Martin, at Okolona, Mississippi, 
daughter of Hiram H. and Fannie (Smith) Martin 
of Fittsboro. Their children are Mary Francis 
Loise and Thomas Martin. 



CALHOUN COUNTY 



JOHN BIRD GOING, Representative from Cal- 
houn County, has his home in Calhoun City, Cal- 
houn County, Mississippi. He was born in that 
County on the 26th day of January, 1872. Mr. 
Going has. with characteristic modesty, said little 
of his family, but as a native of Calhoun County 
he belongs to a sturdy race or pioneers who had 
part in the early history of this County, which is 
one of the best and most progressive in the State. 
Mr. Going obtained his early education in the pub- 
lic schools of his vicinity and then attended th? 
High School at Pittsboro. Mississippi. He is a 
journalist by profession and takes great interest in 
newspaper work. December 19th. 1903, he es- 
tablished the Dixie Herald at Fittsboro : later he 
moved his editorial office to Calhoun City, where 
he still edits the paper as a weekly. He has been 
prominent in local politics for some years and is 



P 



ps&f i " -*m$ 




838 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



independent of any political faction. Standing for 
and insisting- on honesty and integrity in public 
office, the State's best interest is his chief concern. 
Several times he has served on the Executive Com- 
mittee of the Democratic Party for his County; 
has held the office of Alderman, and has repre- 
sented his County since 190 8 in the State Legis- 
lature. He was elected in 1915 to serve from 
1916 to 1920. He has done excellent wosk in that 
body as a member of the Committees on: — Ways 
and Means; Public Printing-; Banks and Banking. 
Mr. Going is a Deacon of the Baptist Church, and 
belongs to the Fraternal orders of the Knights of 
Pythias and the Woodmen of the World. In May 
1906. he was married to Randa Steele. Mr. and 
Mrs. Going have three children. 



CARROLL COUNTY 



IL* I 






Dr. George I. Redditt 




DOCTOR GEORGE IRBY REDDITT of Mc- 
Carley, Representative from Carroll County, was 
born at Teoc in that County, September 2, 1883. 
His parents were David Lorenzo Redditt and Mary 
Elizabeth (Sledge) Redditt. His father, D. L 
Redditt. was born in Albemarle County, North 
Carolina, in 1S13, but lived at Teoc, near Carrollton. 
from 1833 until his death, in 1893. On account 
of his age he did not enlist as a regular soldier 
during the Civil War, but was on home guard 
duty. He was the son of "William Joseph Redditt 
and Cynthia (Warbritten) Reditt, who lived during 
their latter years at Teoc, Mississippi. The mother 
Mary Elizabeth (Sledge) Redditt, was the daughter 
of John Henry and Rebecca Sledge of Duck Hill, 
Mississippi. Both her ancestors and those of the 
father, D. L Redditt. were of Scotch Irish origin. 
They settled first in North Carolina. Then dur- 
ing the Choctaw land sales, they purchased land 
in Mississippi, and were among the early settlers 
of that portion of the State. Dr. Irby Red- 
ditt obtained ins early education in tiie common 
schools of Carroll County where he was prepared 
for. college. He took his professional training at 
Louisville Medical College, (1887) . Kentucky School 
of Medicine (188$), and in Tulane University of 
Louisiana, where he received the M. D. degree 
in 1889. In May of that year he began to practice 
at McCarley, continued for twelve years, and then 
retired from the profession. He was elected Vice- 
President of the People's Bank of North Carrollton, 
Mississippi, a position that he is still ably filling. 
He also has larse farming interests. In 1915 he 
entered public life by his election to the State Leg- 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



839 



islature for the term of 1916-1920. There he has 
served with great ability upon the following com- 
mittees : Ways and Means ; Public Health and 
Quarantine ; Eleemosynary Institutions ; Eanks and 
Banking-. Doctor Reditt is a Democrat, a Deacon 
in the Presbyterian Church, and belongs to the 
Masons and the Woodmen of the World. His ideals 
of liberty and Democracy are of the most ardent 
nature. May 6. 1S93. near McCarley, he was mar- 
ried to Maybell Alice Hill, daughter of Captain 
Hiram Shelton Hill and Elizabeth (Edmonson? 
Hill of McCarley. Captain Hill and wife came to 
Mississippi fram Alabama in 1842. He was a 
Captain in the Confederate Army under General J. 
Z. George, and was a brave and competent officer. 
Dr. and Mrs. Redditt's children are Mabel Irby, 
.Gladys Norine and Mary Elizabeth. 



LAFAYETTE JOSEPH LOTT of Grenada, Rep- 
resentative from Carroll County, was born in 
Carron. County, Mississippi. His parents were John 
James Lott and Margarette Jane (McDonald) Lott. 
His father was the son of John and Margarette 
Jane Lott of Carrollton, Mississippi. The family 
came from South Carolina to Mississippi, near 
Carrollton. where John James Lott lived for sixty 
years. The grandfather, John Lott, like so many of 
our best families, was a native of Scotland. Rep- 
resentative Lott's ancestors on both sides came from 
Ireland and Scotland. His mother was the daugh- 
ter of William and Margarette (Richmond) McDon- 
ald of Duck Hill, Mississippi. His maternal great- 
grandmother came from Ireland in 1795. Mr. Lott 
was educated in the country schools, where he re- 
ceived a good public school education. He was not 
given the opportunity to secure a college education 
but like so many of the country's most successful 
citizens, is a self-made man. He has always been 
a farmer, and is greatly interested in the welfare 
of the farming class. He has been a leader in a 
number of agricultural organizations, speaker at 
Farmer's Alliance meetings, and organizer for the 
Farmer's Union for five years, 190 5-1910. From 
1888 to 1891 he wa3 Justice of the Peace. Having 
shown his ability in these positions the people se- 
lected him for a wider field of usefulness to the 
State. In 1915 he was elected to serve as Repre- 
sentative in the State Legislature, where he ha& 
done excellent w T ork on the following committees : 

County Affairs ; Liquor Traffic ; Drainage. Mr. 
Lott is a Democrat. He is a member of the Bap- 
tist Church, and for seventeen years a minister of 
that denomination, having from four to six churches 
under his charge. He is Counsel Commander of 
the Woodmen of the World, and District Commander 



;^^s&?*. 




LaFayette J. Lott 















/ 






840 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

General of Columbian Woodmen for the past 
nine years. December 19. 1880, he was married 
near Carrolton, to Sarah Holland, daughter of 
Bluford and Sarah (Taylor) Holland of Duck HiU 

253* t /, er paternal ancestors came *™ 

England and her maternal ancestors from Ireland 
famiK f \ 0tt haVe a larSe and interesting 

nlT T ^ n i ne , Ch T Udren: SaUie (Lott) Vance - ^ 
me (Lott) Nad. Lillie (Lett) Corley, Helen (Lott) 

Abel, Rosa (Lott) Nail, Tollie (Lott) Herbert 

Mattie May. Davie Arminda, and Joseph Bo 

Grenada. 



CHICKASAW COUNTY 

IRVIN ABERNATHY of Okolona, Representa- 
tive from the County of Chickasaw, was born 
August 23, 1852. at Troy. Pontotoc County, Missis- 
sippi. His father, Marion Abernathy came from 
Alabama and removed to Mississippi in 1849. where 
he lived until his death in Pontotoc County, 1903. 
Wth him to Mississippi came his parents, Sam- 
uel Abernathy and wife, who were North Carolin- 
ians by birth. Irvin Abernathy is of English and 
Irish ancestry. His mother. Martha (Wilson) Aber- 
nathy, hved, prior to her marriage, with her 
parents in Pontotoc County, who were among the 
best people of their section. Mr. Abernathy re- 
ceived his education in the public schools of three 
Irvin Abernathy different counties of Mississippi, Pontotoc Tunica 

and Chickasaw. For four years he followed suc- 
cessfully the occupation of teaching. He is at 
present a farmer and is one of the most worthy 
and public spirited citizens of Chickasaw County 
Though true to his convictions he is open-minded 
and is always actuated by the highest ideals of 
honesty and justice in the service he gives his 
state. Before his election to the Legislature, in 
1915, Representative Abernathy was for years a 
member of the Board of Supervisors of Chickasaw 
County, and for ten years niled the office of puoiic 
cotton weigher. In Loth capacities he served the 
public with ability and integrity and was urged to 
seek higher office. In the Legislature he has been 
placed on several important committee* where he 
renders faithful and conscientious service: Ways 
and Means; Agriculture; Public Printing; Fees 
and Salaries. Mr. Abernathy is a Democrat, and 
has been a member of the County Executive Com- 
mittee of his party. He is a Deacon in the Bap- 
tist Church, an Odd Fellow, and a Woodm? n of 
the World. April 20. 1882. he was married to Miss 
Mary Jane Laughlin, the daughter of Thomas and 




LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



841 



Elizabeth (Park) Laughlin .of Chickasaw County. 
The Laughlins are of good Scotch ancestry and 
were among the early settlers of America in the 
Colonial period. Mr. and . Mrs. Abernathy have 
eight children : Mabry Lucile, Annie Lee, Ollie 
Burtrand, William Grady, Luther, C. V.. Myrtle, 
and Mary Evelyn. 



EUGENE MILTERN VERELL of Houston. Mis- 
sissippi, Representative from Chickasaw County, 
was born in "Webster County, Mississippi, Novem- 
ber 26. 1859. His father, Charles Edward Verell. 
was a Virginian, descended from Scotch ancestors 
who settled in Virginia and shared in the early 
history of America. He was the son of Benjamin 
Verell, who came from Scotland to the Virginia 
Province. The maiden name of Representative 
Verell's mother was Leah Malindy Terry, daughter 
of William Terry. The Terrys were originally from 
North Carolina. Mr. Verell was educated in the 
schools of Cumberland. Webster County, where his 
teachers were R. C. McDonnal and H. A. Gould. 
His father was in very poor circumstances, and 
thus the son was compeled to bear his own expense 
through school. In spite of this great obtsacle he 
persevered until he had fitted himself for teaching-. 
He began that work with success in the rural 
schools, but later decided to take up farming in- 
stead, an occupaion in which he has continued until 
the present and from which he derives both profit 
and pleasure. Besides his farm work he has beer* 
acting as minister of the Primitive Baptist Church 
since 1886. Representative Verell though opposed 
to an extravagant administration in the use of 
public funds is in favor of each State department 
receiving justice and cannot be led -or prejudiced 
In any question but believes in a square deal for 
all. In 1915 his community nominated him for 
the State Legislature, to which he was elected 
to serve from 1916 to 1920. He has performed 
his duties th^r^ wi-th justice and fairness to all 
the state institutions and has served on the follow- 
ing committees : Appropriations ; Claims ; Peniten- 
tiary ; Liquor Traffic ; Drainage. Mr. Verell is a 
member of the Democratice Party and of the Prim- 
itive Baptist Church. He married Susan Eurena 
**iddleton in March, 1885. Her parents were Elder 
Thomas Holland Middleton and Marthy Ann Wils 
Mlddleton. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Verell 
are: Modera (Verell) Wilson. Clara (Verell) Little, 
Charles Edward Verell. of Houston : Orie Est<d, 
Thomas Howard, Effie, Graden and Roberta. 



pMmnM-^!fm<mw«i^^ 




Eugene M. Verell 



842 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



CHOCTAW COUNTY 





Carlton A. Lindsey 



CARLTON ALEXANDER LINDSEY of Eupora, 
Representative of Choctaw County. Miss., was born 
February 4. 1853, near Huntsville, Choctaw County. 
He is the son of Carlton and Martha Susan (Caper- 
ton) Lindsey. His paternal ancestors were from 
Kentucky ; his maternal from Georgia. His father 
entered the Confederate Army as a private, was 
promoted to lieutenant, and served under Gen. N. 
B. Forrest through the war. Representative Lind- 
sey attended the common schools in his youth, but 
had no opportunity for advanced education. He 
has been a farmer all his life, an occupation in 
which he takes great pleasure and interest. He 
was a member of the People's Party from 1894 to 
1900 ; was Chairman of the Executive Committee 
of the People's Party of his county ; is now a 
Democrat. He has ably served his people a number 
of times in the State Legislature. He was elected 
to the House of Representatives. November o. IPO 7, 
and has long- been a familiar figure in public life. 
In the sessions of 190 8-10, he served his constit- 
uents so intelligently and faithfully that he was 
re-elected to that body In November. 1915. During 
the session of 1916, he served, with much ability, 
on the following committes : Rules ; Appropriations ; 
Corporations ; Drainage ; Immigration and Labor, 
of which he is chairman. Representative Lindsey 
is a man of deep convictions as to all moral 
questions of political life and is not a blind fol- 
lower of any political faction, but uses his own 
judgment in all matters concerning the State's 
welfare. He is thoughtful and careful in dealing 
with all State problems and is especially earnest in 
his views of all public matters. He has always 
been a friend to the various State institutions and 
i-s just and fair to those who differ with him. On 
March 15, 1883, he was married to Mattie Emelia 
Love, daughter of Samuel and Mary Love of Hunts- 
ville, which family came from South Carolina. 
Mr. and Mrs. Lindsey have Ave children: Samuel, 
Mamie, Kyle. Mozell and Eva. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



843 



CLAIBORNE COUNTY 



TALBERT ARMAND LUSTER of Utica. Mis- 
sissippi-, Representative from Claiborne County, was 
born March 9, 1868, at Cayuga, Hinds County. Mis- 
sissippi. Mr. Luster is of Virginia ancestry and be- 
longs by heredity to the professional class. His 
father, Miles Jerome Luster, was a physician, who 
was born at Cayuga and lived and practised there 
all of his life; and his paternal grandfather was 
born and grew to manhood near Fincastle. Vir- 
ginia. The name of the latter was Miles Luster. 
He married Mary Norrell. Mr. Luster's mother, 
whose maiden name was Eliza Ann Nixon, 
was the daughter of Reverend Thomas Nixon. 
a famous local preacher of the M. E. Church 
South. Thomas Nixon was born and reared in Ten- 
nessee, married Mary Elizabeth Rarols. migrated 
to Marion County, Mississippi, and became one of 
the pioneer preachers of the State. Representative 
Luster secured his early education in the public 
schools of Hinds County. He then studied for one 
year at the Centenary College of Jackson, Louisi- 
ana, and completed his collegiate training at the 
Iuka Normal Institute, where he remained for two 
jears, graduating with the B S. degree. Mr. Luster 
was born on a farm, and he assisted with the farm 
work until he was twenty-one years old. For seven 
years he was in the itineracy of the M. E. Church 
South ; he then settled on a farm in Claiborne 
County, where he has since remained, taking great 
pleasure and interest in agricultural pursuits. From 
1912 to 1916 he served his first term in the State 
Legislature to the entire satisfaction and the best 
interests of his constituents, and was re-elected 
to serve from 1916 to 19 20. He is a thoughtful, 
painstaking legislator and has done excellent 
work as a member of the committees on Ways and 
Means; County Affairs. Mr. Luster is a member 
of the M. E. Church, in which he is still a local 
preacher. He is also a Mason and a Woodman of 
the "World, and is Junior Warden in his Masonic 
Lodge. His first wife was May Rebecca Williams, 
whom he married December 27, 1893, near Summit. 
Fike County, Mississippi. She was the daughter of 
Zebidie and Rozilla (Huffman) Williams, who lived 
near Summit. His second wife was Charlie Doug- 
as McDowell, daughter of Solomon W. McDowell. 
M. D., and Matilda Love (McLaurin) McDowell, of 
the city of Jackson. They were married Decem- 
ber 25, 1907, at Byram in Hinds County. By the 
first marriage there are two children, Miles Roddy 
and Annie May. 




Talbert A. Luster 



844 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



CLARKE COUNTY 




Howard L. Miller 



HOWARD LEE MILLER. Representative from 
Clark County, is a resident of Quitman. Mississippi. 
but was born at Increase. Lauderdale County. 
Mississippi, on the 6th clay of July, 18 S3. His 
father, Ely Carmichael Miller, was also born in 
Mississippi, in Theadsville. in Clarke County. His 
parents were Michael Miller and Matheny (Brod- 
head) Miller. He afterwards lived at Increase and 
also at Middleton. where he engaged in farming. 
Howard Lee Miller is of French descent. 
His paternal ancestors were among the first 
settlers in this country and show by their 
names that they were among the promi- 
nent Colonial families. They came to South Caro- 
lina in the early part of the 17th century, and 
thence removed to Alabama, finally settling in 
Mississippi. His mother's ancestors came from 
France, and settled in Louisiana. Her maiden 
name was Martha Ann Dearman, and she was the 
daughter of William Dearman and Nancy (Ousley) 
Dearman of Whynot, Lauderdale County. Missis- 
sippi. Representative Miller received his early ed- 
ucation at the Harvard Schoon, one of the public 
Schools of Clarke County. While a pupil there he 
was very studious and made such good use of his 
time that he became a teacher at a very early age, 
and taught successfully for six years in the public 
schools of his county, continuing his studies with 
great diligence. He then took up the study of law ; 
entered the Law Department of Millsaps College, 
and in 1914 received the degree of LL. B. In 1915 
he began the practice of his profession at Quitman, 
and has given promise of becoming one of the abl- 
est lawyers of the State. Being widely known 
through his profession and acquiring influence with 
a host of friends and admirers, he was elected a 
member of the Legislature in 1915, and has taken 
great interest and r^rformpd valuable work on 
his committees which are: Judiciary ; Agriculture; 
Education ; Corporations ; Registration and Elec- 
tions. Mr. Miller is a Democrat, a member of the 
Baptist Church, and belongs to the Woodmen of the 
World and the Columbian Woodmen. He has not 
yet married. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



845 



CLAY COUNTY. 



BARNEY SAMUEL SEMMELMAN of West 
Point. Representative of Clay County, was born 
January 22, 1878, at Lautenberg - . Germany, 
whence his father, Charles Semmelman, had come 
from Sierpe, in the Country of Flock, Poland. 
When Barney was about ten years old. the family 
removed to the United States, and made their home 
In New York City. The Semmelman family are 
Hebrews of ancient Polish lineage. The grand- 
father of Representative Semmelman, Samuel Bar- 
uch Semmelman, lived at Sierpe, Plock, Poland. 
The son of Samuel Baruch Semmelman married 
his first cousin Helen Semmelman. who was the 
daughter of Herch Semmelman and his wife Esther. 
Mr. Semmelman received his early education in 
public and private schools of Germany. After the 
family came to America he attended the New York 
City public schools for a short time. He is a 
distinguished member of the Mississippi National 
guard, having served for many years as Captain 
of Company G, 2nd. Ind. Battalion. He has been a 
resident of Clay County for seventeen years. In 
1915 he was nominated for the Legislature ; and 
it is noteworthy that, although foreign-born, he 
received the largest vote ever given a man in Clay 
County when he had opposiiion. Mr. Semmelman 
was one of five worthy candidates, but received 866 
votes out of approximately 1300 polled. In pre- 
senting him for office the West Point Leader made 
the following comment : "We take pleasure in an- 
nouncing the name of Barney S. Semmelman for 
the Legislature. He has been a citizen of the 
county for many years, and by his exemplary 
life and square dealings, has gained a high place 
in the estimation of all who know him. He has ever 
been among the foremost to advocate all public in- 
terests and has never turned down an appeal for 
help to boost the city or to help charitable and 
benevolent causes. He is well posted along the 
lines that will fit him for a true representative 
of the best interests of the people. His popularity 
is only limited by lack of knowledge of his ex- 
cellent traits by those who have not come into 
social and business relations with him. He will 
make a good conservative legislator. Our Barney 
ls all right." Mr. Semmelman is a sound con- 
servative legislator. He has served on the following 
committees: Corporations; Penitentiary; Military 
Affairs ; Insurance ; Municipalities. Representative 
Semmelman is a. Democrat, a member of the Jew- 
ish Synagogue, and belongs to the following fra- 
ternal orders : Odd Fellows, in which he is Grand 
Master (1915-16) ; Elks, in which he is Exalted 



irppwr 8 ^ 



I f 






&~. 3 



> 




\ . ----- 



IJBiBl 



Barney S. Semmelman 



346 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



Ruler, West Point Lodge Xo. 951; Masons (thirty- 
second degree) ; Shriners) Hamasa Temple, Meri- 
dian, Miss.) Woodmen of the World: Columbian 
Woodmen ; Joseph Herz lodge of the Jewish Fra- 
ternal Order of "Bnai Brith.' He is still un-mar- 
ried. Mr. Semmelman is now an officer in the 1st 
Mississippi Infantry. U. S. A. 



Frank B. Stephens 



FRANK B. STEPHENS of West Point, Repre- 
sentative from Clay County, was born in Griffith, 
in that County, May 2. 1889. His parents are 
James L. Stephens and wife Addie Stephens. James 
L. • Stephens was also born at Griffith, and has 
lived there all his life. He is the son of Louis 
and Mary Stephens, who were both North Caro- 
linians by birth. Louis Stephens was born in 
Wake County, North Carolina. August IS, 1800, and 
his wife, whose maiden name was Watkins, was 
born August 31, 1820. Louis Stephens removed 
from North Carolina to Green County. Alabama, 
in 1825, and in 1849 settled in Mississippi. Two 
of their sons served with distinction in the Army 
of the Confederacy during the Civil War. The 
Stephens are of English descent, and belong to the 
same family as did Alexander H. Stephens or 
Georgia, who was Vice President of the Confeder- 
acy. The Watkins family are also English. 
They were among the earliest settlers in this coun- 
try, and several of the members served in the 
Revolutionary War. Frank B. Stephens' mother 
was a Burnitt ; she is the daughter of James and 
Jane Burnitt of Griffith, Mississippi. James Bur- 
nitt was born August 8. 1819 in Green County, 
Alabama ; his wife was born in Concord, North 
Carolina, March 15. 1825, and Is still living. Jane 
Burnitt's maiden name was Ary. Her father was 
a soldier of the Revolution, and her seven brothers 
all fought in the Mexican War. The mother of 
Jane (Ary) Burnitt was a Clingman. of French 
descent. The family settled in North Carolina prior 
to the Revolution. Tom Clmgman, the uncle of 
Jane Burnitt, was for years a noted member of the 
United States Senate from North Carolina. Rep- 
resentative Stephens was reared on a farm, "and 
had many obstacles that are apt to confront a 
country boy ; but he overcame them, and has suc- 
ceeded in everything he has undertaken. He ob- 
tained his education in a country school at Griffith, 
where he had the good fortune to have as his first 
teacher the present Superintendent of Education 
of Clay County. Professor Paul Townsend. During 
the sessions of 1909-1910 Mr. Stephens taught school 
at Rocky Hill, Clay County. The following year 
he accepted a position as salesman in a general 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



847 



merchandise store ; he is still employed by the sarin- 
firm, and now holds the responsible position of 
General Manager. In 1911 he became a candidate 
for the office of representative, but was not elected. 
Ambitious and aspiring he determined not to be 
discouraged, and entered the race again. The 
people rallied to his support and this time he was 
elected to serve from 191& to 1920. He has given 
most valuable service on the following committees : 
Education ; Railroads ; Public Printing ; Fublic 
Lands ; Propositions and Grievances. Mr. Stephens 
is a member of the Democratice Party, and of 
Cedar Bluff Camp Xo. 828, Woodmen of the World. 
He is unmarried. 



COAHOMA COUNTY 



OSCAR GOODBAR JOHNSTON of Clarksdale. 
Coahoma County, Miss., was born January 27. 
1880, at Jackson. Miss., son of John Calvin John- 
ston and Emma Elizabeth (Goodbar) Johnston. 
His immediate ancestors on the father's side were 
Mississippians. Maternal ancestors were from 
Tennessee. His father held the office of 
Deputy State Auditor for a number of years, and 
was Revenue Agent of the State of Mississippi 
during the Brewer administration. Mr. Johnston. 
in his .boyhood, attended the public and private 
schools of Jackson, Miss. ; also schools at Kansas 
City, Mo., and Memphis, Tenn. ; he was also 
sent to a private school at Friar's Point. Miss. : 
his literary .education was obtained at Kentucky 
Military Institute, where he was graduated in June, 
1899, with first honors and as Salutatorian of his 
class ; studied lav/ for one term at the University 
of Mississippi, then went to Cumberland Univer- 
sity, Lebanon, Tenn.. to complete his law courser, 
graduating with Bachelor's degree June 6, 1901 ; 
was also class orator. He was elected to the 
House of Representatives of Mississippi November 
5. 1907. In the House of 1908-10, he was a mem- 
ber of committees on Judiciary, Federal Relations, 
Corporations, Mississippi Levees. He was re- 
elected November 7, 1911, served through sessions 
of 1912 and 1914, distinguishing himself as one or 
the ablest and strongest men in the public service 
of Mississippi. His keen, analytical powers and 
broad comprehension of every question under dis- 
cussion render him one of the most successful 
champions and formidable antagonists that has ap- 
peared in public life in many years. His intelec- 
tual equipment, fearlessness, scathing denunciation 
of wrong, and high standards of justice fit him 




Oscar G. Johnston 



848 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



for any public position within the grift of the 
people. It is to such men as Oscar Johnston that 
Mississippi looks for a complete revolution in her 
political life. He would fill with distinguished 
ability any office within the gift of the people. 
Mr. Johnston is a Democrat, a Methodist, a 
Mason ; while Senior Warden of his local Ma- 
sonic Lodge, he is also an Odd Fellow, and a 
member of the college fraternity D. K. E. On 
February 21, 190 5, at Pine Bluff, Ark., lie was 
married to Martha Mottley Anderson, daughter of 
Samuel Mottley and Jessie Finley Anderson. He 
is a member of th following Committees : Judiciary ; 
Mississippi Levees ; Railroads ; Inurance. 




Robert L. Ralston 



ROBERT L RALSTON of Coahoma. Coahoma 
County, representative from that County, was 
born at Smyrna. Rutherford County, Tennessee, 
February 12, 1860. He is the son of Robert Lock 
Ralston, who was also born at Smyrna, and who 
passed his life in Tennessee, at Smyrna, Humboldt, 
and Franklin. Robert Lock Ralston was the eldest 
of six brothers. When the Civil War broke out 
he was too old for military service, but all of his 
five brothers enlisted in the Confederate Army in 
which they rendered faithful service. He married 
Miss Mary M. Stephens, the mother of the sub- 
ject of this sketch. Robert L. Ralston received his 
education in the public schools of Franklin, Ten- 
nessee. His principal teachers were C. R. Berry, 
and Patrick and Andrew Campbell. At an early 
age he began the occupation of farming, and has 
since been a planter. He has always taken an 
active part in community affairs, and has stood 
for the reform element in both the social and civil 
life of the State. His popularity with his con- 
stituents is shown by the fact that for sixteen 
years he held the office of Mayor of Coahoma. 
For the past twenty-five years he* has been an 
active advocate of the cause of prohibition, ren- 
dering the movement the most faithful and in- 
telligent service. In 1313 he was elected to the 
State Legislature, where he has been selected for 
the following committees, upon which he serves 
with much ability ; Mississippi Levees ; Peniten- 
tiary; House Contingent Expenses; Roads, Ferries 
and Bridges, serving the latter as chairman. Rep- 
resentative Ralston is a Democrat, and was for 
twelve years a member of the Democratice Execu- 
tive Committe of Coahoma County. He has always 
taken- great interest in rch'gfous and charitable 
work ; has been for twenty-two years Steward of 
the Methodist Church and is a member of the 
Knights of Fythias. He was married January 8, 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 849 



1891, at Lawshill. Marshall County, Mississippi, to 
Mary Elizabeth Shaw, daughter of Frank. M. Shaw 
and his wife. M. E. Shaw of Lawshill. Mr. and 
Mrs. Ralston have three children : Robert Shaw 
Ralston, George Frank and Edith Louise. 



COPIAH COUNTY 



JOHN ALEXANDER SMYLIE of Crystal 
Springs, Mississippi, Representative from Copiah 
County, was born in Union County, Arkansas, 
shortly after the outbreak of the Civil War, July 
26, 1861., His father, however. John Donan Smy- ; i * f*Q 

lie, was a Mississippian. He was the son of 

Matthew and Rachael Smylie of Copiah County, ^ ■ 

where he was born. When a young man he went i 

to Arkansas, where he was married to Mary Jane . jj#f 

MoCall. He remained in Arkansas until about , « 

two years after his marriage, when he returned 
to Copiah County, Mississippi. His son, John 
Alexander, was then about six months old. In 
1862 John D. Smylie »enlisted in the Confederate 
Army. He was at Iuka Mississippi at the time of John A. Smylie 

the battle which occurred there, and it is supposed 
that he was killed in that engagement. His widow, 
Mary Jane Smylie, died in 1S63. leaving their boy 
an orphan. John Alexander Smylie obtained his 
early education in the public schools of Union 
Church and Zion Hill. Jefferson County, Mississippi. 
He pursued a college course at the University of 
Mississippi for four years, graduating in 1897 
with the B. A. degree. In 1905 he completed the 
law course at Millsaps College. Mr. Smylie has 
had a long successful career as a teacher. Before 
entering the University he taught in the public 
schools for ten years. He also taught in the 
Union Church High School, Jefferson County, for 
five years ; in Stanton College, Natchez, one year ; 
in the City schools of Meridian for a year ; and in 
the Hazelhurst schools for a year. He is well 
fitted to represent the educational interests of 
Mississippi, and is a strong advocate of all meas- 
ures that tend to advance the material and intellec- 
tual progress of the State. After completing his 
law course in 190o, he began the practice of law 
at Hazelhurst, Mississippi, in May of that same 
year. Interested in ail public questions that con- 
cerned the State's welfare he was urged to enter 
politics and in 1915 was elected a member of the 
Legislature for the torm of 1916-20, where he has 
distinguished himself by his able work upon the 
following committees : Judiciary ; Census and Ap- 
portionment ; Pensions; Insurance. Mr. Smylie be- 

54— M 









i, 






850 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



longs to the Presbyterian Church, in which he 
holds the office of Elder. The maiden name of his 
wife was Mamie Warren ; she is the daughter of 
Dr. Daniel Cameron Warren and his wife, Inez 
Warren, of Union Church. Jefferson County. Mis- 
sissippi. Mr. and Mrs. Smylie have three children : 
Alfred Warren, Dorothy McNair and Robert Tor- 
rey. 



rfs^WHw 




Benjamin King 



BENJAMIN KING of Hazelhurst. Represen- 
tative from Copiah County, was born December 
30,- 1890, at Beauregard, in Copiah County. His 
parents were Benjamin and Ada Caroline (Eagan) 
King. Benjamin King, Sr.. was born at Gallatin, 
the old County Seat of Copiah County. His 
father's name was also Benjamin King; his mother 
was Evaline (Harris) King. In 1870 he removed 
with his parents to Beauregard. He was a, lawyer 
by profession. During the "War he served as con- 
script hunter when he was but sixteen years old. 
In 1878 and again in 1$6U lie was elected to the 
State Senate from the counties of Copiah and Clai- 
borne. He died at Beauregard in 1912, after a 
useful and honorable life. The maternal grand- 
parents of the subject of this sketch were Martin 
Warren Eagan and Laura (Stackhouse) Eagan of 
Cedar Hill Plantation, Crystal Springs, Mississippi. 
The Eagan family came to this country from 
County Clare, Ireland. Martin Warren Eagan was 
in 1832 proprietor of the old Eagle Hotel in Jack- 
son, Mississippi, near the Old Capitol. In 1831, 
his brother Daniel B. Eagan, was representative 
from Copiah County ; and his uncle, Justice E. G. 
Peyton, was a prominent man in Copiah County 
when Gallatin was the county seat, in 1832 and 
the years following. Representative King received 
his early education in the Beauregard Public 
School. He afterwards attended the Wesson High 
High School, graduating with first honors in 1909 ; 
he then spent two years at Ruskin Cave College 
in Tennessee, where he ranked high in his class. 
He was reared on a farm and in connection with 
his interest in farm life was a conscientious stu- 
dent. For three years he taught school in Copiah 
County, and is deeply interested in educational 
matters. He has always favored better rural con- 
ditions, the building of gravel roads and con- 
solidated schools in his section, and has written 
for the pres3 upon those subjects. He studied 
law privately with such diligence that in 1912 he 
was able to pass the bar examination, and began 
to practice at Hazlehurst. Though scarcely more 
than a youth the people sought him for a public 
position and at the early age of twenty-four he 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



851 



was elected to the Legislature over ten opponents. 
solely on his own merits. A brilliant and useful 
public career is predicted for him by his friends. 
In the House !he is ably serving: on the following 
committees: — Judiciary: Constitution; Corpora- 
tions ; Eleemosynary Institutions. Mr. King is a 
Democrat, and has served on the Copiah County 
Executive Committee. He is a Methodist and a 
member of the "Woodmen of the World. He is 
not married. 



GEORGE WASHINGTON RUSSELL of Hazle- 
hurst. Representative from Copiah County, was 
born November 14, 1879. near Monticello, in Law- 
rence County, Mississippi. His father, Fletcher 
Russell, was born near Birmingham, Alabama, 
where he lived until about ten years of age, when 
he removed to Louisiana. It was while he was 
living in that state that the Civil "War broke out, 
and- he enlisted and served two years as a private 
in the Confederate army. After the war he re- 
moved to Mississippi. He was the son of James 
A. and Sarah A. (Moore) Russell. George Wash- 
ington Russell's mother was Sallie Elizabeth 
Bass, the daughter of James Bass. Represen- 
tative Russell obtained his education in the 
public school of Shady Grove, Copiah County. 
and in the Hazlehurst High School. He has 
passed his entire life on Tiis farm, thre.e miles 
east -of Hazlehurst, with the exception of two 
years that he spent in Jackson as representative of 
the Farmers' Educational and Co-operative Union. 
Mr. Russell was one of the first to join that organ- 
ization, and he was its first local and first county 
Secretary-Treasurer. On March 13, 1906. he was 
selected Secretary-Treasurer for the State, in 
which office he served for four years with great 
credit to himself and with the most excellent re- 
sults for the Union. Mr. Russell has had con- 
siderable business experience. For several years 
he traveled as collector and salesman for a fertil- 
izer house ; he was an incorporator, and secretary 
of tfhe Executive Board, of the Memphis Cotton 
Company of Memphis. Tennessee ; was a member 
of the Executive Board of the Farmers' Union 
Warehouse (Cotton) Company, of Jackson. Missis- 
sippi; and was, during 190 8, editor and manager 
of the Union Advocate. When the people of his 
County sought to find a representative who should 
unite the qualities of a successful farmer and an 
able business man, they naturally selected Mr. 
Russell as nominee. He was elected to serve from 
1916 to 1920, and lias already done good work 
upon several of the important committees. Mr. 




George W. Russell 



852 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



Russell has long been a leader in church and com- 
munity work. In 1883 he united with the Metho- 
dist Church, and in 1915 joined the Baptist Church 
at Damascus. He has been Secretary of the Shady 
Grove Sunday School for fifteen years, and a 
trustee of the school ever since he joined it. He 
is a member of the Knights of Pythias and the 
Woodmen of the World. The maiden name of Mr. 
Russell's wife was Lena Pearl Price : she, is the 
daughter of Tom C. and Lula Norman Price, of 
Hazlehurst. Mr. and Mrs. Russell have three 
children: Louise Elizabeth; Price Bass; and 
Wayne Collins. 



COVINGTON COUNTY 



^psp^^?**^*^ 




M. S. Conner 



M. S. CONNER of Seminary, Representative 
from Covington County and Speaker of the House, 
is one of the youngest men ever elected by the 
Mississippi Legislature to that important and re- 
sponsible position. His election, coming as it did, 
during his first term and over some of the ablest 
members, was a high tribute to his ability. Mr. 
Conner has been broadly educated, both literary 
and legal education being extensive and thorough. 
He obtained his degree in law at the University of 
Mississippi and located at Seminary for the prac- 
tice of his profession. Deeply interested in all pub- 
lic questions, in 1915, he was elected to the House 
of Representatives and on the assembling of that 
body in January, 1916, was elected Speaker. As a 
presiding officer he is fair and painstaking and 
well versed in parliamentary procedure. His rul- 
ings are founded on the best precedents. Mr. 
Conner is a logical, eloquent speaker and is one 
of the promising young lawyers of Mississippi. 
His name is being connected with further posi- 
tions of honor and. trust, and it is believed that his 
non-partisan course in public life and courage to 
rise above any selfish political affiliations will keep 
him prominently before the people. In the 1916 
session of the Legislature he favored much con- 
structive legislation. Mr. Conner is a Democrat 
and is unmarried. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



853 



DE SOTO COUNTY 



D ALTON FRANKLIN WARREN of Olive 
Branch, Repfeentative from De Soto County, was 
born May 28. 1894. at his present home. His 
father is William Marten Warren, son of Dennis 
Pascel Warren and his wife. Katie (Smith) 
Warren, of High Point, North Carolina. William 
Marten "Warren was born at Bristol, Bristol 
County, Tennessee : for a number of years he was 
engaged in the contracting business at Cockrum, 
Mississippi. He has always been one of the truest 
advocates of Democracy and high standards of 
righteousness in government. He was too young 
to enter the Confederate service during the Civil 
War, but has since borne his part in the up- 
building of his section. Representative Warren's 
grandparents on both sides came from Ireland. On 
his father's side he is descended from Gen. Joseph 
E. Warren of Revolutionary fame. His mother 
was Lydia Amelia Brigance, daughter of Benjamin 
Franklin Briganee and Lucy (Hudson) Brigance 
of Olive Branch. Her people were noted for hav- 
ing been of a mechanical turn of mind. His great- 
grandfather. Melvin Brigance, was an extensive 
planter, and at one time the largest taxpayer In 
De Soto County. Mr. Warren pursued his early 
education in the public schools of his county, where 
he was greatly encouraged and assisted by Profes- 
sor H. R. Whitten, to whom he still feels indebted. 
He attended Mississippi Heights Academy (1910- 
1911), and then entered the De Soto County Argi- 
cultural High School, from which be was gradu- 
ated in 1913. There he organized the Goozilian 
Literary Society, and served for two terms as its 
President. He was anniversarian for the society 
and orator and historian for his class. After leav- 
ing College he engaged in the business of contract- 
ing. He is fond of books and is an extensive 
reader and student, especially of history and law. 
The people of his section are to be congratulated 
upon the selection of Dalton Franklin Warren as 
the Representative of their County, and a bright 
career of service to his State is freely predicted. 
In 1915 he was elected to the State Legislature, 
and has the distinction of being one of the youngest 
and most gifted young men in that body. He has 
done promising work on the committees of Ways 
and Means : Corporations ; Mississippi Levees : Pub- 
lic Printing. Mr. Warren is a staunch Democrat 
and a member of the Methodist Church ; has served 
as president of the Epworth League and Secretary 
of Sardis District Epworth League. He has not 
yet married. 



J^M^m^^j..^ —^ 









Dalton F. Warren 



854 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 




John C. Lauderdale 



JOHN COBB LAUDERDALE of Bright, Repre- 
sentative from De Soto County, was born at Lewis- 
burg in this State. September 20. 1872 His parents 
are Eli Benton Lauderdale and Leonora (Cobb) 
Lauderdale. The father, E. B. Lauderdale, son of 
John G. Lauderdale and Penelope (Nichols) 
Lauderdale, of Athens, Alabama, was born at 
Athens. Limestone County, in that State, but at 
the age of three came with his parents to De Soto 
County, Mississippi, where he has since lived. He 
has served his community acceptably as magistrate 
and as member of the Board of Supervisors. For 
three years he rendered faithful service in the 
Army of the Confederacy. His father was .John 
G. Lauderdale, who was a native of the Pendleton 
District of South Carolina. He was born in 1798. 
removed with his parents to Middle Tennessee, and 
afterwards went to Limestone County, Alabama, 
where he married Miss Nichols. The couple 
removed to De Soto County, Mississippi, where 
they reared a large family, some of whom still 
reside at that place. Thp maternal grandfather 
of the subject of this sketch, Pharaoh Cobb, was 
born at Bean's Station, Granger County, Tennessee. 
in 1798, and was the son of Joseph and Sarah 
(Smith) Cobb. Representative Lauderdale was 
educated in the schools of his native county, where 
he took the full High School course, and made sucn 
good use of his time that he fitted himself for 
teaching. He is a citizen of wide influence in his 
county. For eleven years he was a prominent 
teacher in De Soto County, and for ten years 
served as a member of the Board of Examiners of 
teachers. His occupation at present is farming, 
but he has continued his interest in the educational 
progress of the State. In 1915 he entered public 
life at the request of the people and secured 
election to the House of Representatives of his 
State, where he has served ably and zealously upon 
the following committees : Mississippi Levees ; Roads, 
Ferries and Bridges : Banks and Banking. Mr. 
Lauderdql* 1 is a D^morrar and f n r twenty yea?*;* 
has belonged to the M. E. Church. South : has 
served as steward and district steward. December 
23, 1907, he was married at Myrtle. Mississippi. 
to Roberta Nichols, daugter of John James Nichols 
and Elizabeth (Dunn) Nichols of Maple Springs. 
Lafayette County. Mississippi. Her paternal 
grandparents came from Alabama, and her 
maternal grandparents from South Carolina. Mr. 
and Mrs. Lauderdale have two children : John 
Cobb, Jr ; and Eli Nichols. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



S55 



FOREST COUNTY 



ELISHA ALEXANDER ANDERSON of Hatties- 
burg, Representative from Forest County, was born 
in the County of Perry, Mississippi, October 14. 
1868. His father, Daniel Austin Anderson, who 
served during the Civil War as a Confederate sol- 
dier in Steed's Battalion, was also a native of that 
County. He was the son of John Anderson, who 
formerly lived in Northwestern Georgia. The family 
came originally from England. The great-grand- 
father of Elisha Alexander Anderson. Daniel Austin 
Anderson, of Perry County, was a Major under 
General Andrew Jackson in the War of 1812. Mr. 
Anderson's mother, Henrietta Rebecca (Stafford) 
Anderson, was the daughter of Edward Barry 
Stafford and his wife, Susan iSanford) Stafford. 
Her father was also a soldier in the War of 1812 ; 
and it is a remarkable coincidence that in the 
Battle of New Orleans both the paternal and 
maternal grandfathers of Elisha Alexander Ander- 
son took part. His grandfather Stafford came to 
the southern part of Mississippi to live about the 
year 1816. When a boy, Mr. Anderson attended 
the public schools of Ferry County. With the in- 
tention of fitting himself for the legal profession. 
he entered the law office of H. B Leverett, Esq., 
of Hattiesburg, as clerk. He then took a course 
in the Law Department of Millsaps College, which 
he completed in 1892, with the degree of LL.B. 
After graduation he began the practice of his pro- 
fession at Hattiesburg, and has continued there 
ever since. He is one of the leading lawyers in 
that section. Mr. Anderson has had some military 
experience, having been a private in Company C 
of the 2nd Regiment of the National Guard, in 
which he enlisted at the time of the Spanish- 
American War. He was elected to the Legisla- 
ture in 1912. served from 1912 to 1916, and was 
re-elected in 1915. As a representative he has 
always favored progressive legislation. He is the 
author of thf> following - important labor legisla- 
tion passed at the session of 1912-14: The ten- 
hour law for men and women workers, the twice- 
a-month pay day law. our child labor law, and 
the law prohibiting the discount of pay checks 
for labor. He is a staunch friend of the working 
classes, and is equipped for any public service to 
which he may be called by the people of his State. 
He has served on the following committees ; 
Judiciary ; Claims ; Penitentiary ; Fees and Salar- 
ies ; Municipalities. Mr. Anderson is a Democrat, 
a Baptist, and a member of the Masons and Wood- 
men of the World. Mrs. Anderson was. before 
her marriage. Miss Julia Smith. She is the daugh- 







/? 



K^- l8 ;va^ 



Elisha A. Anderson 



856 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



ter of George and Katherine (Bell) Smith, of 
Pearl River County Mr. and Mrs. Anderson have 
four children : George Dunon ; Cephas ; Pallmary , 
and Houston. 



FRANKLIN" COUNTY 



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' *\ ' 



Charles A. Everett 



' CHARLES ALVIE EVERETT of Monroe, Repre- 
sentative from Franklin County, Was born July 8, 
1883, at Tangipahoa. Amite County, Mississippi. 
His father, William, Albert Everett, was born at 
the same place, but later lived at Little Springs, 
Franklin County. Mississippi. The paternal ances- 
tors of the Everetts were Irish. The great- 
grandparents of Charles Aivie Everett came from 
Ireland to South Carolina. Their son, Thomas 
Everett, married Ann Felder, and made his home 
at Tangipahoa. Mississippi. During the War of 
1812 he served as a private soldier, and was under 
the command of General Andrew Jackson at the 
Battle of New Orleans. The mother of the subject 
of our sketch was, prior to her marriage. Louretta 
Jane McGehee. She was the daughter of James 
Madison McGehee and his wife, Rebecca (Jones) 
McGehee of Little Springs, Mississippi. Doctor 
Everett pursued his early education in the public 
schools of Little Springs, took his college course 
at Clinton, Mississippi, and secured his professional 
education at the University of Louisville, Kentucky, 
where he was graduated June 30, 1910, with the 
degree of M. D. He entered upon his profession 
as allopathic physician October 18, 1907, at Little 
Springs, and later buMt up an extensive practice 
in Monroe. From 1913 to 1915 he served as alder- 
man. His practice as physician gave him a wide 
circle of influence and he was urged by the people 
to enter the political field. In 1915 he was elected 
to serve in the House of Representatives from 1916 
to 1920. He takes a keen interest in public affairs, 
and has demonstrated his ability by his service 
on the followiner committees: Public Health and 
Quarantine ; Registrations and Elections ; Elee- 
mosynary Institutions ; Insurance. Dr. Everett Is 
a Democrat, a Baptist, a Mason (Lodge No. 11, 
Meadville, Mississippi), and a Woodman of the 
World, in which his official position is Camp 
Physician. September 24. 1905, he was married to 
Eunice J. Jones, at Little Springs, Mississippi, 
where her parents, Charles P. Jones and Mary Ann 
(Wroten) Jones, resided. Her father served 
throughout the Civil War as a gallant Confederate 
soldier; her grandfather was a Baptist minister. 
Dr. and Mrs. Everett have two children: Lexine 
and Lillian.- 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



857 



GEORGE COUNTY 



LUTHER WHIT MAPLES, who resides at 
Clarence, and represents George County in the 
Lower House, was born at Clarence on the 14th 
day of November, 1891. His parents are John 
Maples and Josephine (Bond) Maples. His 
father, John Maples, is a native of Alabama, and 
was born at Pierce Level in Mobile County of 
that State. His parents are Seme and Emmie 
Maples of Fierce Level. The various branches of 
the family came to Alabama from the older 
Southern States and later from that State to Mis- 
sissippi, where they have taken part in its best 
progress. Josephine ^Bond) Maples, mother of 
the subject of our sketch, is the daugther of Buck 
Bond of Dantzler, Mississippi. After completing 
his elementary schooling. Luther Whit Maples en- 
tered the Daisy-Vestry High School, where he 
finished. After leaving high school. Mr. Maples 
spent three years at Mississippi College, at 
Clinton, which advantages gave him a good equip- 
ment for his future career. Like most country 
boys, he early learned the responsibilities of farm 
life and assisted his father in his work. Missis- 
sippi being largely an agricultural state, the occu- 
pation of farming is one that appeals to her youth 
and no state in the Union offers better advantages 
to young men in this particular calling. When Mr. 
Maples arrived at Manhood he decided his best 
opportunities awaited him in that business, and 
therefore made farming his life work. He also 
takes interest in the public affairs of the State 
and in 1915 he was elected to serve in the State 
Legislature from 1916 to 1920. Although one of 
the youngest members of the House he has at- 
tacked the business of legislation in a thoughtful 
manner that promises good things for his future. 
He is a member of the following committees : 
Ways and Means: Education: County Affairs: 
Propositions and Grievances : Fisheries ; Commerce 
and Shipping. Mr. Maples is a Democrat and a 
member of the Baptist Church. He has not as yet 
married. Like so many of the, younger members 
of the Legislature, Representative Maples has 
Joined America's armies in the struggle against the 
tyrannical oppression of Germany. With the same 
devotion that he served his State in times of peace 
he now stakes his young life for Freedom and 
Humanity. 




Luther W. Maples 



858 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



GREENE COUNTY 






1 -53 



L 



y^iki^^^^fi 



William I. McLain 



WILLIAM I. McLAIN of Richton. Representa- 
tive from Green County, was born July 22, 1890. 
in the country near Richton. He is the son of 
John A. McLain and Margaret Emily (Jones) 
McLain. The father. John A. McLain, is the son 
of John McLain and Eliza McLain, of Richton (R. 
1), Mississippi, where he was born. He' took up 
the occupation of farming- and has pursued it suc- 
cessfully. The grandfather. John McLain, served 
for a short time as a soldier in the Confederate 
Army during the Civil War ; and his father, Alex- 
ander McLain, great-grandfather of the subject 
of our sketch, held the office of Chancery Judge 
and was one of the prominent men of his locality. 
The family of William I. McLain's mother lived 
at Avera, Mississippi. Her father and mother 
were Enoch S. and Susan Jones. Mr. McLain 
obtained his early education at the Public School 
of Indian Hill, where his instructors carefully 
prepared him for college. He secured his high 
school training at the Mississippi Heights Aca- 
demy at Blue Mountain at which institution he 
was graduated with honors. He then entered 
upon a professional course to fit himself for teach- 
ing, in 1912, at Brookhaven, Mississippi. In 1914 
he began his work in that profession, and has 
been teaching successfully ever since. He is also 
much interested in farming, and is an active mem- 
ber of the Farmer's Educational Co-operative 
Union of America, in which he holds the respon- 
sible office of Secretary and Treasurer. His in- 
terest in public affairs and especially in the edu- 
cational progress of the State prompted him to 
enter politics where he could influence legislation 
upon all needful reforms and progressive mea- 
sures touching the State's welfare. In 1915 he 
received the nomination to the State Legislature, 
and was elected to that body, 'where he has done 
excellent work on the following committees, al- 
though he is one of the youngest members of the 
House: Appropriations; Claims; Census and Ap- 
portionment : Eleemosynary Institutions. Mr. Mc- 
Lain is a Democrat, and a member of the Bap- 
tist Church. He takes a great deal of interest 
in, religious work, and has been Sunday School 
Superintendent and President of the B. Y. P. U. 
On August 26, 1915, at Algoma, Mississippi, he 
was married to Miss Gertie Tate, daughter oj 
James and Zadie Tate of that place. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



859 



GRENADA COUNTY 



WILLIAM ATLMER WINTER of Grenada, 

Representative from Grenada County, was born in 
that County, March 22, 187 2. His father, William 
Brown Winter, was born 18 47. in the County of 
Yalobusha, Mississippi, and passed his life as a 
resident of that County and of Grenada County. 
At the early age of sixteen he enlisted as a Con- 
federate soldier in Capt. William Forest's Com- 
pany of Forest's cavalry, and notwithstanding- hla 
youth, bore an active part in all the engagements of 
his company until the close of the War. He re- 
ceived his parole April 1865, in the State or 
Alabama, at Gainesville. He is the son of William 
H. and Elvira (Brown) Winter, who lived in Yalo- 
busha County, and in the City of Grenada. The 
Winter family is of English origin. Wiliiam Aylmer 
Winter's first American ancestor of that name 
settled in Elfton Hills, Maryland. Kittie Wash- 
ington, his greatgrandmother, was a niece of Col. 
Wm. Washington, the victor of the Battle of 
Cowpens. The mother of Representative Winter, 
Amelia (Fisher) Winter, was the daughter of 
Ephrairo S. Fisher and Martha <, Townes) Fisher, 
who lived at Coffeeville, then at Panola, and 
later at Grenada Mississippi. Judge Fisher was 
by i profession a lawyer, and was, from 1852 to 
1856, a judge of the Mississippi High Court of 
Errors and Appeals. The Townes family is also 
of English descent. Capt. Isaac Brown, commander 
of the Confederate Ram, Arkansas, was Mr. Win- 
ter's great-uncle. William Aylmer Winter ob- 
tained his early education in the private and 
publi-c schools of Grenada and Tallahatchie 
Counties. His college education was secured at 
the Iuka Normal Institute of Mississippi, where, 
in 1891, he was graduated with the A. B. degree, 
Recognizing the fact that the profession of farm- 
ing holds great opportunities for the man of edu- 
cation, Mr. Winter decided to devote himself to 
that work. He is one of the most respected and 
trusted men of his community and in casting a- 
bout for a representative of their county in the 
State Legislature the people of his section se- 
lected him to represent them. In November, 1915, 
he was elected to this office and has represented 
his constituents faithfully and ably, and has 
served upon the following committees: Agriculture: 
Public Printing ; Eleemosynary Institutions ; Mil- 
itary Affairs. Mr. Winter is a Democrat, a 
Presbyterian, a Master Mason, and a Woodman of 
the World. He is unmarried. 







"William A. Winter 



860 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



HANCOCK COUNTY 




Robert L. Genin 



fc 1 ?» ^i if 




Lrnest E. O'Neal 



ROEERT LAWRENCE GENIN of Bay St. 
Louis, Mississippi, Representative from Hancock 
County, was born at New Orleans, July 12, 1886. 
His father, John Genin. was a French artist, 
born in Paris. His mother, Delphine (Murr) 
Genin. daughter of August and Delphine (Guth) 
Murr, was also of French descent. August Murr 
was a soldier in the Confederate Army and was 
killed in battle. Mr. Genin obtained his early 
education in the public schools, first at New 
Orleans, and later at Bay St. Louis. He was 
graduated from the Lav.- Department of the Uni- 
versity of Mississippi, with the degree of LL. B.. 
June 2, 1909, and entered upon the practice of 
his profession at Bay St. Louis in July of that same 
year. From 1905 to 190 9 he was Manager of the 
Cumberland Telegraph and Telephone Company, 
at Bay St. Louis. And from March, 1910, to 
January, 1912, he served his City ably in the 
office of councilman. He was elected to the 
State Legislature for the term of 1912-1916, and 
did excellent work as a member of the following 
committees : Fisheries, Commerce and Shipping. 
Military Affairs, Fees and Salaries, Judiciary, 
Library and Claims. Mr. Genin is one of the 
ablest and most popular members of the Legisla- 
ture. The first bill for the protection of the 
coast line of Mississippi was introduced by him 
and he also introduced the bill to connect the 
Mississippi coast with New Orleans by dredg- 
ing Pearl River. So acceptable has been his 
public serv.ees that he was elected to succeed 
himself for the following term, without oppo- 
sition, and. has been placed upon the follow- 
ing important committees: Judiciary; Constitu- 
tion ; Census and Apportionment ; Eleemosynary 
Institutions ; Military Affairs ; Fisheries ; Com- 
merce and Shipping. Mr. Genin is a member of 
the Roman Catholic Church, the Woodmen of the 
World, and the Knights of the Maccabees. He la 
unmarried. 



HARRISON COUNTY 

ERNEST ELIJAH O'NEAL of Saucier. Repre- 
sentative from Harrison County, was born at 
that place November .28, 1880, and is the son of 
Eli- Washington O'Neal, who was born at Black 
Creek in that same Ccunty. He was a Confed- 
erate soldier and a man of sterling character and 
upright life. His parents were William and Su- 
sana O'Neal. The ancestors of the O'Neals were 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 861 



sturdy Scotch-Irish emigrants who settled first 
in Virginia, and thence came to Mississippi. Mary 
(Rouse) O'Neal, mother of Ernest Elijah O'Neal, 
was the daughter of William Rouse and his wife. 
Martha (Flurry) Rouse, who lived at Airey, 
Mississippi. Representative O'Neal obtained his 
early education in the public school at Poplar 
Head. Mississippi. After completing his elemen- 
tary schooling he decided to take a business 
course, and entered the Massey Business College 
at Birmingham, Alabama, where he studied Book- 
keeping and Commercial Law. Later he studied 
Shorthand and Typewriting at McLendon Busi- 
ness College, Hattiesburg. Mississippi. He then 
entered upon a business career as turpentine oper- 
ator. At present he is successfully engaged in 
farming and in the saw mill business. For two 
years (1908-1910) Mr. O'Neal was Fostmaster of 
Whortham, and for four years (1911-1915) Mayor 
of the town of Saucier. The two terms that he 
served as Mayor were marked by great munici- 
pal progress. He instituted sanitary laws, laws 
for the building of streets and improvement of 
roads, and laws for the benefit of education. 
Moreover, he saw that these laws, as well as the 
prohibition and other laws, were strictly enforced. 
His experience in public office fitted him for a 
broader field in the affairs of state and this lead 
to'his candidacy as a Representative of his county 
for the State Legislature. In 1915 he was elected 
a member of that body where he has been placed 
on the following committees: Liquor Traffic, Cen- 
sus and Apportionment ; Immigration and Labor ; 
Fisheries, Commerce and Shipping, and Enrolled 
Bills. Mr. O'Neal is a member of the Methodist 
Church, in which he is Steward both of his home 
church and of the district, and a very active 
worker in the Sunday School, being Presi- 
dent of the Harrison County International Sun- 
day School Association : he is also a member 
of the Mississippi Conference, the Sunday School 
Board and President of the Palmer Creek Camp 
Ground. On March/ 10, 1007. he was married to 
Miss Inez Leila Margaret Ramsay, daughter of 
James Polk Ramsay and Margaret (Read) Ram- 
say, of Lorraine, Mississippi. Mrs. O'Neal's father 
enlisted in the Civil War as a Confederate soldier, 
at the early age of srxteen. and served with great 
gallantry and devotion until its close. His family 
were all loyal Mississippians ;'; his wife was of 
English descent. Mr. and Mrs. O'Neal have five 
children: Margaret Mirl, T^eola Ruth, Gladys 
Mary, Ernest Elijah, Jr., and Inez Bertha. 



wA.r» j-.y-rtr,!.,} ' ,v r.r; -:to^L 



■■'"«ial 



862 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



HINDS COUNTY 

- 3 VERELL FENNINGTON FERGUSON, who re- 

sides at Learned and represents Hinds County, 
was born July 21st. 1859, at Vaiden, Carroll 
County, Mississippi. His father. Daniel Echols 
*&«*;*£ Ferguson, was also a Mississippian, and was bor?* 

at Union Church, in Copiah County. His parents 
were William and Martha (McDonald) Ferguson, 
; | with whom he removed to Horse Creek, near Vai- 
den. Mississippi, where he continued to live. 
Daniel E. Ferguson was with the Army of the 
Confederacy during the Civil War and rendered 
valuable service, having charge of forage wagons. 
As the names indicate. Mr. Ferguson's ancestors 

Verell P. Ferguson were Scotch - They came from Scotland in the 

18th century, settling first in North Carolina and 
removing thence to Mississippi in 1804, where they 
were among the earliest and best settlers of the 
State. His mother was Caroline (Denman) Fer- 
guson, daughter of Prestage and Arnold Denman. 
who lived near Vaiden. Mississippi. Mr. Fer- 
guson was educated in the schools of his native 

/ State, where he was prepared for a successful 

career in life. Though entering upon manhood 
before the country had been fully restored from 
the ravages of the Civil War, he has nevertheless 
, , made a success of life and is one of the leading 

men of his County. His occupation is farming 
and planting and he has for some time been 
' Secretary of the Farmer's Union of his County. 

. . He has always been interested in public questions. 

Having become very popular with the people of 
his community, he was urged to enter politico 
and was elected to the State Legislature in 1911 and 
reelected in 1913. He labors for the State's best 
welfare and the interest of his constituents in con- 
nection with his work on the following Committees: 
Railroads ; Penitentiary ; Roads. Ferries and Bridges. 
He is a member of the Democratic party, and of 
the Baptist Cnurch, and is a prominent member of 
several fraternal organizations. Masons, Knights 
of Honor and Woodmen of the World. He has 
served as Dictator of the Knights of Honor and 
consul commander of the Woodmen of the World. 
In March, 1R77, Mr. Ferguson was married to 
Ella Roberts, daughter of George W. Roberts and 
Martha (Rolland) Roberts of Ebenezer, Yazoo 
County, Mississippi. Their children are Daniel ; 
George R. ; Abbie Ineza ; Mossye ; Eleitha ; and 
Verell P. Jr. 







LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 863 

EDWARD HAMMOND GREEN of Jackson. 
Representative from the County of Hinds, was 
born in that County, at Green's Crossing, on the 
29th day of January, 1891. and is therefore one 
of the youngest of our State Legislators. He is 
the son of Edward Hammond Green. Sr.. and 
Annie (Ball) Green. His father is the son of 
Thomas Keenan Green, of Madison County, Missis- 
sippi. He was born in that County, but later 
removed to Jackson. Durng the Civil War he 
saw conspicuous service as a member of Ratliff's \ - 

Light Artillery of Mississippi. He too was once *ksM&*i&z~ 

a member of the Mississippi Legislature, having 

served in that body from 1896 to 1900. His reg- Edward H. Green 

ular occupation was that of farming. Edward 
Hammond Green, Jr., has an excellent education. 
He obtained his elementary schooling in the public 
schools of Hinds County, near Jackson, and also 
in the public schools of that City. He then en- 
tered Millsaps College, beginning in the prepara- 
tory department. He was graduated from that 
institution in 1912 with the degree of A B. Dur- 
ing the following year he attended law school at 
Millsaps. He then decided to complete his pre- 
paration for the practice of law by becoming a 
clerk in the office of the Attorney General of 
the State, and worked in that office from 1913 
to 1914. He succeeded in being admitted to the 
bar the following year, and began the practice of 
his profession at Jackson on the first day of 
January. 1913. That same year he entered poli- 
tics by becoming a candidate for the State Legis- , 
lature, to which he was elected to serve from 
19.16 to 1920. He has already amply demon- 
strated his fitness for the office, and has given 
assurance of great usefulness in the work on 
the following committees : Judiciary : Census and 
Apportionment; Immigration and Labor: Rail- 
roads, being Chairman of the latter. Mr. Green 
is a Democrat, a Baptist, and a member of the 
Masons, the Odd Fellows and the Woodmen of 
the World. Representative Green is now in the 
service of the United States, being one of the most 
gallant young officers of Battery B, 2nd Mississippi 
Regiment. 












' 



564 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



JOHN" SIVLEY RHODES of Jackson, Repre- 
sentative from Hinds County, was born in that 
County, at Oakley., December 9, 1888. His father 
John Henry Rhodes, was a prominent physician of 
this State. He was born at Brandon. Rankin 
County, Mississippi. His parents were Samuel 
1 JHZ Decatur Rhodes and Jane Ormand Rhodes of 



■r-^^pmpwrr-^ 1 



Brandon and Pelahatchie, Mississippi. Dr. Rhodes 
later lived at Learned and at Jackson. He. prac- 
tised as a physician and surgeon in Jackson from 
1894 to 1905. and was President of a Sanato- 
rium in that City. He was at one time a health 
officer of the State of Mississippi, a member of the 

John Sivley Rhodes StatG Board ° f Health ' and Resident of the 

Mississippi Corn and Cotton Carnival. His father 
was a native of Xorth Carolina, and his mother a 
native of South Carolina. The maiden name of 
John Sivley Rhodes' mother was Ella Sivley, 
daughter of William Rufus Siveley and Lelia 
Josephine (Stokes) Sivley. of Oakley and Jackson, 
Mississippi. Mr. Sivley was a Virginian by birth, 
and his wife was a native of Alabama. Mr. 
Rhodes is one of our most thoroughly educated 
young legislators. He was graduated from the 
public Schools of Jackson in 1904, attended Mill- 
saps College during: the year 190 4-05, and the 
University of Mississippi from 1905 to 1909. In 
1909 he was graduated from that institution with 
the degree of B. A. He was one of the most 
/ popular members of his class and took part in 

many college activities. He was President of his 
class. President of the Hermaean Literary Society. 
Senior debater, manager of the glee club and 
« tennis club, and commencement orator of the 
Law Department, from which he secured his 
LL. B. degree in 1910. He began the practice of 
his profession at Oxford, Mississippi. July 1. 1910, 
as a member of the firm of James Stone & Son. 
~ , July 15, 1913. he removed to Jackson, where he 

has enjoyed a constantly increasing practice. He 
was elected to serve in tne State Legislature from 
1916 to 19^0, where he has already demonstrated 
unusual ability in his work on the following 
committees : Judiciary ; Ways and Means ; Elee- 
mosynary Institutions ; Municipalities ; Military 
Affairs, of which he is chairman. Mr. Rhodes 
belongs to the Democratic 'Farty, and is a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Church. On June 2, 1917, he 
was married to Virginia Lee McCray of Flora, Miss. 
Mrs. Rhodes is the daughter of William J. and Floy 
McCray. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



865 



HOLMES COUNTY 



THOMAS GILLESPIE STEPHENSON of" Lex- 
ington, Representative from Holmes County, was 
born January 1, I860, at Bridgeville, Pickens 
County, Alabama ; is the son of Mills Washington 
Stephenson and wife. Sallie Gillespie Stephenson. 
His father was a gallant and faithful Confederate 
soldier and died at Lakeland, Florida, in 1384. Mr. 
Stephenson is a self-made man : received his 
primary education in the country schools of Ala- 
bama ; is a farmer ; member of the Town Coun- 
cil of Lakeland, Florida ; has served two terms 
as member of the Board of Supervisors of Holmes 
County ; President of the Holmes County Farmers' 
Union, resigning to serve in the Legislature ; wa? 
elected to the Legislature November 7. 1911, and 
reelected in 1915 ; is a Democrat and was reared 
a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church ; 
is a Mason and a member of the Farmers' Union. 
In December 1888, near Lexington, Mississippi. 
Mr. Stephenson was married to Sallie Pettus. 
daughter of John T. Pettus and wife Amanda 
Pettus. Mrs. Stephenson's father was a steadfast 
Confederate soldier and is a nephew of Governor 
John J. Pettus. of Mississippi. Mr. and Mrs. 
Stephenson have four children : Otis Leroy, Georgia 
Bell, Sallie May and Mahlon. Tn the Legislature 
of 1912-16, Representative Stephenson served his 
people with such signal ability that he was re- 
elected for the 1916-20 term. As a lawmaker. 
Mr. Stephenson is prudent, progressive and zealous 
in promoting the best Interests of the State. As 
a member of the important committee on Appro- 
priations, he has the entire confidence of the House 
and no institution of the State is neglected or 
slighted by him but each treated with the fairness 
and justice that enables them to carry on such work 
as redounds to the honor and welfare of the State 
as a whole. He is a member of the following 
Committees : Appropriations ; Mississippi Levees : 
County Affairs, serving as its Chairman ; Pensions. 



LELAND NOEL WHITE of Lexington, Missis- 
sippi, Representative from Holmes County, was 
born June 3, 1882, at Kosciusko, Mississippi. His 
father, William Benson White, who is still living 
and resides at Lexington, is the son of Stokeley 
White and Jane (Benson) White, formerly of 
Millersburg, Rutherford County, Tennessee. When 
a boy, William B. White came with his parents 
to live in Attalia County, Mississippi. He served 
throughout the Civil War in the Confederate 
Army. Leland Noel White is the great-great- 



r'-.^ ^r^^m^ 




Thomas G. Stephenson 




Leland N. White 



55— M 



866 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



grandson of Stephen White, a North Carolinian 
hero of the Revolution. After the War he migrated 
to Kentucky among- the pioneers who conquered 
that dangerous region ; from there he removed 
with his wife. Elizabeth (Searcy) White, to Ten- 
nessee, in 1804, and took part in the formation of 
that State. Elizabeth Barton (Noel) White, the 
mother of the subject of our sketch, was the 
daughter of Leland Noel and Margaret Dulaney 
(Sanders) Noel, of Franklin. Holmes County, Mis- 
sissippi. Her first American ancestor. Edmond 
Noel came to this country from England in 1680, 
settled on the shores of the Rappahannock in Vir- 
ginia, and founded a family that became promi- 
nent in the history of that Colony. His six grand- 
sons served in the colonial army during the Revo- 
lution. The eldest. Edmond Favor Noel, was a 
member of the Virginia Legislature, and was the 
author of several valuable treatises on finance and 
economics. It was he who bought a large 
tract of land in Holmes County. Mississippi in 

1835. sending his two sons. Leland and Edmond. to 
take charge of it. Mr. White's great-grandfather 
Sanders, Dr. B. W. Sanders, served in the Missis- 
sippi Legislature, as did also T. W. Dulaney, in 

1836. The Dulaneys were originally from North 
Carolina where they settled in early times. Mr. 
White attended quite a number of educational 
institutions. He obtained his early education in 
the schools of Kosciusko: then he attended the 
Lexington Normal College, and also the A. & M. 
College at Starkville, Mississippi. He completed 
his education at the State University at Oxford. 
He is a farmer, and takes great interest In every- 
thing that pertains to that business. He has also 
had considerable military experience, having ser- 
ved as Regimental Commissary Sergeant in the 
First Regiment of the Mississippi National Guard. 
1901 : R. M. Levy. Colonel. Captain and Quarter- 
master. 1904: a member of the staff of Col. Sam 
Montgomery, 1908: and Major and A. D. C. on 
the staff of his uncle. Governor E. F. Noel. Before 
accepting the nomination for the Legislature m 
1915. he had never sought any office. But hi* 
work on the following committees shows that he 
has the highest conceptions of his duty as a legis- 
lator: Judiciary: Census and Apportionment; Pub- 
lic Printing: Military Affairs. He is a Democrat, 
and has served his party as a member of the 
Congressional. Chancery and Circuit Executive 
Committees. He belongs to the Baptist Church 
and to Sigma Alpha Epsllon Fraternity: is un- 
married. Representative White has entered the 
service of the United States and is a erallant young 
officer In the 2nd Mississippi Regiment. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



867 



HENRY HERBERT JOHNSON of Lexington, 
who represents Holmes County, was born in that 
County, at Acona. on November fifth, 1886. His 
father, Henry Volney Johnson, was born at Greens- 
boro, Choctaw County, Mississippi, but at the age 
of eleven removed to Holmes County, where he 
has resided ever since. He was the son of Andrew 
H. and Kittie (Hampton) Johnson, who removed 
from Choctaw County to Emory, Holmes County. 
The maiden name of Henry Herbert Johnson's 
mother was Ada L. Herbert. Her parents were 
John and Susan Herbert, who lived at Acona, 
Holmes County, Mississippi. Mr. Johnson first 
attended school at Acona, where his teacher was 
John Belford. When he was thirteen years of age, 
his parents removed to Durant, where he was 
taught by Prof. W. H. Smith. He obtained his 
further education at the A. & M. College, where 
In 1906, he was graduated with the degree of B. S. 
At the time of his graduation he was 2nd Sergeant 
of Company A, a member of the Philotechnic 
Literary Society and one of the Senior speakers. 
To prepare himself for the practice of his chosen 
profession, law, he entered the Law Department 
of the University of Mississippi, where he studied 
for two years, completing his course in May, 1911. 
While a student there he became a prominent 
member of the Blackstone Club. In June follow- 
ing he began the practice of law at Lexington, 
as a member of the firm of Elmore & Ruff, and 
soon became very successful. Fitted in every way 
to enact legislation that would redound to the 
State's honor and welfare, he was induced to be- 
come a candidate for the Legislature and was 
elected in 1915. He has served on the following 
committees, with the marked ability that one would 
expect from a man of his excellent preparation : 
Judiciary ; Public Lands ; Local and Private Legis- 
lation ; Mississippi Levees. Mr. Johnson is a 
Democrat, and a member of the Methodist Church 
of Lexington. He is Secretary of the Men's Sun- 
day School Class of that Church, and is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic Lodge, the S. A. E. Fraternity, 
and the Knights of Pythias. He was married at 
Lexington, Mississippi, January 16, 1912, to Miss 
Mittlo McBee, the daughter of John Harbour Mc- 
Bee and Alice (Cunllffe) McBee, of Lexington. 
Mrs. Johnson is a prominent member of the National 
Society of the Daughters of the American Revo- 
lution; she belongs to the Benjamin Humphreys 
Chapter, to which she was admitted by virtue of 
her descent from Captain "Vaidra McBee and 
James Anthony, both soldiers of the Revolution. 
Mr. and Mrs. Johnson have one child, a daughter, 
Alice Dalton. 






.-.-•' i_a, * 



mM3k 






i 



^^^^kM^M 



Henry H. Johnson 



868 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



ISSOQUENA COUNTY 




Robert E. Foster 



ROBERT ELISHA FOSTER of Shiloh. Isso- 
quena County, Miss., was born November 26, 1851, 
at Linden, Copiah County. Miss., the son of Milton 
Hunter Foster, of Copiah County, who died in 1905. 
in his 82nd year. Mr. Foster received his early ed- 
ucation at Summerville Institute under Thomas S. 
Gathright, and has served as a member- of the 
Board of Supervisors of his county for 26 years. 
being President of the Board most of the time. 
He is a man of wide influence in his community 
and was elected to the House of Representatives, 
November 5, 1911, and returned in 1915. The 
faithful and honorable service which Mr. Foster 
has, for so many years, rendered his own county 
is reflected in his service for the State at large. 
He gives careful thought to every question that 
concerns the State's best interests and subordi- 
nates all partisanship to the public good. He is 
one of the most efficient and diligent members of 
the Legislature and is a capable representative of 
the Great Delta section of the State. On Jan- 
uary 17, 1877. he married Nannie E. Heath of 
Shiloh, Miss. In the Legislature of 1911, he was 
an able member of the following committees: 
Pensions, Mississippi Levees, Railraads, Public 
Lands, Public Buildings and Grounds. In the 
present Legislature he serves with experience 
and marked ability as a member of the following 
committees : Agriculture ; Mississippi Levees ; 
County Affairs ; Pensions ; Drainage. 



ITAWAMBA COUNTY. 




William C. Gray 



WILLIAM CLAUDE GRAY of Fulton, Miss., 
was bom June 23. 1891, at Fulton, the son of 
James Monroe Gray and Almira Lillian (Reed) 
Gray, the latter a daughter of John Reed and 
Mattle (Rodgers) Reed, <^f Reedsville. Miss. Jam^s 
Monroe Grav is the son of William Newton and 
Anna Catherine (Riggs) Gray, and was born at 
Fayetteville, Ala., where he lived until twenty-one 
years of age. He then moved to Itawamba County. 
Miss., where he still resides. He served as Justice 
of the Peace of his county from 1899 to 1903. 
Representative Gray's great-grandparents, John 
Riggs and Sarah Elizabeth (Conley) Riggs, were 
horn in South Carolina of English parentage. 
His maternal great-grandparents were William 
Reed of Scotch-Irish descent. and Elizateth 
(Talent) Reed of L-ish ancestry. Mr. Gray 
was educated in the free schools of Itawamba 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



869 



County and took High School training at Hen- 
derson, Tenn. ; later, took L. I. degree in Nat- 
ional Teachers' Normal & Business College, at 
Henderson, Tenn. With the same determination 
that characterized his efforts in obtaining an edu- 
cation, he began a successful career as teacher 
and farmer combined. He has taught, for five 
years, in the rural schools of Itawamba County. 
Gaining in these two important home industries, 
the respect and confidence of his felow citizens, 
he was, in 1915, elected to the House of Representa- 
tives from his county. He has filled this position 
with exceptionable ability, his deep interest in the 
State's welfare being clearly manifested in all 
his work in that body. He has a high sense 
of justice and commands the respect and the 
good will of his legislative associates, as an able 
right-thinking and fair-minded law-maker. He 
serves on the following committees : Agricul- 
ture ; Education ; Registrations and Elections . 
Federal Relations ; Insurance. Mr. Gray is a 
Democrat and belongs to the Christian Church. 
On October 26. 1913, he was married to Miss Vela 
Moore, daughter of Clem Moore and Mary Lillie 
(Harden) Moore, of Fulton, Miss. 



JACKSON COUNTY 



WILLIAM ROSS DAVID of Carterville, Repre- 
sentative from Jackson County, was born in that 
County, November 17, 1870, at Dead Lake. His 
father, Edward David, was also born at Dead 
Lake. He served through the Civil War as a 
Confederate soldier in Company D of the 9 th 
Mississippi Cavalry, under the command of Cap- 
tain Steed, whose company was under Col. Ben 
Stevens. The family is of French descent. Ed- 
ward Batties David, grandfather of William Ross 
David, was of noble birth ; he came to this coun- 
try from Bordeaux, France, in 1836, and had his 
residence at Dead Lake. His wife was Ann <. Hav- 
ens) David. The mother of Representative David 
Is of a Virginian family. Her maiden name was 
Margarett Lyons, and her parents were William 
and Mary Ann (Cates) Lyons, who lived at Ameri- 
cus, Mississippi. It was her grandfather, William 
Lyons, who came from Virginia to Mississippi. 
William Ross David attended the public schools of 
Red Hill and Red Creek Union, the latter of which 
is now called the Daisy-Vestry High School. After 
completing the public school course, he continued 
his education by private study at home. By hard 
work and concentration he succeeded so well that 




William R. David 



870 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



in 1915 he came up for examination in law be- 
fore Chancellor Denny at Pascagoula, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar. Besides the practice of law, 
Mr. David has also been engaged in the occupa- 
tions of farmer and stock raiser. From 1902 to 
1908 he was a member of the Board of Supervisors 
in beat 5 of Jackson County, and from 1904 to 
1908 was President of the Board. In 1915 he was 
brought out by the people for Representative of 
Jackson County and was elected to the lower 
house of the Legislature, for the term of 1916-20 
where he has won a reputation as a fair-minded, 
capable lawmaker. He serves faithfully and with 
exceptional ability upon the following committees: 
Judiciary ; Constitution ; Appropriations ; Immigra- 
tion and Labor ; Fisheries ; Commerce and Ship- 
ping (Chm.). Mr. David is a Democrat. As 
a member of the Methodist Church he has 
filled the office of Steward and Superintendent 
of the Sunday School. He is a Mason, Past 
Master and Past High Priest. He belongs to 
the Farmers Union. On May 2nd, 1897, he 
was united in marriage to Miss Mary M. Carter, 
who is the daughter of William and Sarah 
Ann (Davis) Carter, of Carterville, Mississippi. 
Mr. and Mrs. David have five children : Elmon 
Carter, Edwenia, Estelle, Upton Sisson, and Lidian. 



JASPER COUNTY. 



^^^ m HENRY LLOYD FIXCH, who represents Jaspei 



| /»r*%; 4 t 



\. 



'—^ County, where he resides, at the town of Heidel- 
^ 4 berg, was born on the 10th of March, 1888, at 

" \ Trenton, Smith County, Mississippi. His father is 

Christopher Finch, who was also born in Smith 
County, but who later removed to Montrose in Jas- 
per County. He was the son of Richard Finch, and 
his wife Xancy (Ellis) Finch, who lived in Scott 
^^^ ik County, Mississippi, prior to their removal to Smith 

ij **S^ County. Henry Lloyd Finch's mother (Mary Eliza- 

beth Evans, before her marriage;, is the daughter 
of the Reverand John II. Evans and Elizabeth 
(Eckles) Evans. Reverand Evans was formerly 
a member of the Mississippi Conference ; he is 
Henry Lloyd Finch sti11 living, at Collins. Covington County, Missis- 

sippi. As a gallant Confederate soldier he served 
throughout the Civil War. In 1864 he captured 
the uniform of the notorious Xewton Knight, in 
Jones County, Mississippi, and turned it over to 
the Confederate authorities. Henry Lloyd Finch 
received his early education at the Mississippi 
Conference Training School. He then taught in 
the public schools of Jasper County for four years, 



b , a g . ~ji 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



871 



as a stepping stone to the profession of law. In 
1907 he was graduated from the Law Department 
of Millsaps College, Jackson, Mississippi ; with the 
degree of LL. B. On the first day of May, 1907, 
Mr. Finch entered upon the practise of his pro- 
fession, at Paulding, Jasper County, where he re- 
mained until December fill, 1912, when he re- 
moved to his present place of residence. Heidel- 
berg. In 1915 he entered political life by being 
elected to represent his county in the Legislature. 
He is a close student of public questions, and ably 
represents his county. He was appointed and has 
served with the ability that we expect from the 
trained legal mind, upon the following committees : 
Judiciary ; Constitution ; Ways and Means ; Agri- 
culture ; Federal Relations, being Chairman of the 
latter. Representative Finch is a Democrat, a 
member of the M. E. Church South, and is Super- 
intendent of his Sunday School at Heidelberg. 
He is a Mason and Woodman ; is Senior Warden of 
John M. Stone Lodge No. 479 and past Consul 
Commander of White Oak Camp No. 30, Heidel- 
berg. He was married near Heidelberg, Novem- 
ber 16, 1905, to Miss Annie Risher, daughter of 
Singleton Terral and Elizabeth Catherine Risher 
of Heidelberg. Mrs. Risher was the daughter of 
Charles Story Nolly Newell and Mary Ann Gavin 
Newell. Representative Finch ai^d wife have three 
children ; Singleton Christopher, Katie Hazel, and 
Henry Lloyd, Jr. 



JEFFERSON COUNTY. 



WILLIAM McCALEB DARDEN. of McNair, 
Miss., son of Thomas Landrum Darden and Sophia 
Moore (McCaleb) Darden, was born September 3, 
1873, near Fayette, Jefferson County, Miss. His 
paternal grandparents were John P. Darden and 
Margarette F. Darden of Fayette, Miss. ; his ma- 
ternal, were James Dunbar McCaleb and Mary L 
McCaleb, who lived in Adams County, Miss 
Thomas Landrum Darden and wife were natives 
of Jefferson County and lived near Fayette through- 
out their lives. They were much esteemed in 
their locality and during the Civil War the fathe" 
entered the Confederate army and served as 1st 
Sergeant of his Company. He was afterwards 
Treasurer of the State Farmers' Alliance, a mem- 
ber of the Early Granger organization in the State 
and a member of the Legislature that called the 
Constitutional Constitution of 1890. William Mc- 
Caleb Darden, the subject of this sketch, in boy- 
hood attended the public schools of his locality 




William McC. Darden 



872 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



and, later, entered the Mississippi Agricultural 
and Mechanical College, where he remained through 
the Sophomore year, laying the foundation for a 
useful, progressive future. He has engaged in 
farming all his life, but has found time to nil 
various positions of trust and responsibility when- 
ever his people have called upon him. Some of 
these were, Constable, Enumerator of U. S. Census 
of 1900, Secretary- of Democratic Executive, Com- 
mittee of Jefferson County. Election Commissioner 
of Jefferson County, Post-master at McNair, Miss., 
and Magistrate. He was a private for some years 
in the Jefferson Davis Volunteers of Fayette, Miss., 
commanded by Capt. E. N. Coffey of the U. S. 
Army. In 1911, Mr. Darden was elected to the 
House of Representatives and was re-elected in 
1915. He has always stood for the cause of edu- 
cation in all its phases ; for equal rights for all 
and special privileges to none. In the 1916 ses- 
sion of the Legislature, Mr. Darden was against 
any increase of taxation and always upheld 
the best interests of the people. The State's 
welfare has been his chief concern throughout 
his public service. He is a Democrat, a trustee 
in the Christian Church, and is a member of the 
Woodmen of the World. On November 18, 1896, 
he married Charlotte Brooks Field, daughter of 
William Brooks Field and Medora (Cotton) Field, 
who lived in Adams County. Mr. Dryden served 
with much ability on the following Committees : 
Constitution ; Ways and Means ; Fees and Salaries ; 
Eleemosynary Institutions, serving as Chairman 
of the latter. 



JEFFERSON DAVIS COUNTY. 




Oliver C. Luper 



OLIVER CLIFFTON LUPER of Prentiss, Miss., 
was born October 3, 1882, at Prentiss (then Blount- 
vil), Jefferson Davis (then Lawrence) County, 
Miss., the son of Julius Albert Luper and Mary 
Elizabeth (Applewhite) Luper, the latter being tne 
daughter of Woodard Applewhite and Sarah Apple- 
white, of Bassfleld, Miss. Mr. Luper's father, J. A 
Luper, son of Calvin Luper and Mary Jane (Mc- 
Colksey) Luper, of Blountville, Miss., was a nat- 
ive of that town and has always resided there. 
Through his paternal grandparents, Mr. Luper 
claims Scotch-Irish descent, his grandfather, Calvin 
Luper, being the son of a native of Ireland, who 
emigrated to South Carolina and thence to Missis- 
sippi ; his grandmother. Mary Jane McColksey 
Luper, was the daughter of a Scotchman who 
came to North Carolina, thence to Mississippi. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



873 



The maternal ancestors of Mr. Luper -were of 
English parentage and came to Mississippi from 
South Carolina. Woodard Applewhite was a lieu- 
tenant in the Confederate army. Mr. Luper's edu- 
cation was gained at Blountsvill, and Silver Creek. 
Miss. He later attended the literary department 
of Millsaps College and finally graduated in Law. 
with the degree of LL. B.. in 1910. He located 
in his home town, now called Prentiss, and has 
since practised his profession there. He soon be- 
came widely and favorably known for his sound 
business sense, sterling integrity and high sense 
of justice and was elected to the Legislature in 
1915. He is a Democrat ; a member of the Metho- 
dist Church ; belongs to the Kappa Alpha . frater- 
nity ; and is a Knight of Pythias, having filled every 
office in this association, except the office of 
Chancellor Commander. Mr. Luper is one of the 
most genial and popular members of the Legisla- 
ture and is a stanch advocate Of independent 
thought and action in matters of State government. 
While firm in his convictions of right, he is in 
no sense a blind partisan. During the Legislative 
session of 1916. he was happily married to Miss 
Lola Virginia Weldy, of Lucedale, Miss., daughter 
of "William Wesley and Julia Virginia Weldy, 
March 26, 1916, at Hattiesburg, Miss. He is an 
attentive and valuable member of the following 
committees : Judiciary ; Appropriations ; Local and 
Private Legislation ; Pentientiary and Insurance of 
which last mentioned he is Chairman. 



JONES COUNTY. 



JAMES HARTLEY BL'SH, Representative from 
Jones County, has his home at Laurel, Mississippi, 
where he was born, January 5, 1861. His father, 
Jefferson Jackson Bush, was a native of Georgia, 
and was born at Americus. in Sumpter County of 
that State. With his parents. Harrison and Mahala 
(Scott) Bush, Jeiierson Jackson Eusa removed to 
Laurel, Mississippi, in 1849, and spent practically 
all the rest of his life on a farm near that place. 
For three years (1862-lg65) he served in the Con- 
federate Army and rose to the rank of First Lieu- 
tenant. The Bush family, like so many families 
of the South are of English blood. Prescott Bush, 
great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch, 
was born in England; but he had immigrated to 
America before the Revolution, and during that 
struggle served as Orderly Sergeant. He was a 
Baptist minister, and was married to a lady whose 
maiden name was Susan Hinds. Susan (Mathisi 



m &m 



p^m. 




James H. Bush 



874 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



Bush, mother of the subject of this sketch, was the 
daughter of James and Margaret (Carlton) Mathis, 
of Lowndes County, Georgia. James Hartley Bush 
was educated in the old field schools of the South. 
Among his teachers were Jerry Jones, Jesse Bush, 
and Jeff T. Herringron. at present Circuit Clerk of 
Jones County. He has always been greatly in- 
terested in education, and from 1908 to 1912 served 
as a member of the School Board of his County. 
He is a man of wide influence in his County; has 
always stood for honesty in public service and is 
just and fair to all opponents, believing that a pub- 
lic servant should be independent of political fac- 
tions and seek only the State's welfare in public 
service. He is one of our farmer members of 
the Legislature, to which he was first elected in 
1911. He was re-elected in 1915 and during the 
term of 1916-1920 he was an able member of the 
following Committees : Constitution ; Appropria- 
tions ; Agriculture ; House Contingent Expenses ; 
Census and Apportionment, being Chairman of the 
last mentioned. Representative Bush was elected 
by the Democratic Party. He is an active mem- 
ber of the Baptist Church, having served as Dea- 
con, and as Clerk of the Tallahala Association for 
six years. He is a prominent Mason ; was- Master 
of Breckinridge Lodge No. 309 one year; Master 
of Laurel Lodge Xo. 414 for eight years ; and ha3 
represented his lodge in the State Grand Lodge on 
eight occasions. February 10, 1881, he was mar- 
ried to Mary Ann Walters, near Ellisville, Missis- 
sippi. She is the daughter of John Wesley Walters 
and Elizabeth (Kilgore) Walters, of Ellisville, 
Jones County, Mississippi. Elizabeth K. Walters 
was a daughter of Samuel Kilgore. who came to 
this State from South Carolina before 1845. The 
children of Mr. and Mrs. Bush are George Jeffer- 
son, John Wiggins, James Oliver, and Susan Ettie 
Elizabeth. 




J. Daniel 



KEMPER COUNTY. 

JOSEPH JOHN DANIEL of DeKalb, representa- 
tive from Kemper County, was born November 4, 
1851, at Philadelphia, in the County of Neshoba, 
Mississippi. His father was William Simmons 
Daniel, who was born in York District in the 
State of South Carolina and who made his home 
in Little Rock, in that State. In 1847 William 
Simmons Daniel removed from South Carolina to 
Neshoba County, Mississippi, riding the entire dis- 
tance on horseback. During the Civil War h^ 
rendered faithful service as a Confederate soldjer 



- . - - : 



--, : 




i 



- 

- 



* ^ 



876 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



Irby. Wyatte Irby, was born at that place, stud- 
ied medicine at the old Transylvania University 
of Kentucky, came from Virginia to Mississippi, 
and settled on the Bigbee River, a few miles above 
where the City of Columbus now stands. He re- 
moved to Columbus just after the village was es- 
tablished, and later to Noxubee County, where he 
practised medicine and engaged in planting-. He 
was elected as Representative to the State Legis- 
lature in 1854. and in that same year fell in a 
duel with Dr. Fant. in Pickens County, Alabama. 
Frances "Wyatte Irby was married to a lady of 
Welsh blood. Susan Catouch Evans, daughter of 
Richard and Zelota (Jones) Evans of Greenville. 
North Carolina. To them was born Richard Fran- 
cis Irby. father of the subject of this sketch. The 
maternal ancestry of Edmund John Irby was En- 
glish. His mother, Mary Permela (Kennon) Irby 
was the daughter of Howell Lewis Kennon and 
his wife. Elizabeth TV. (Hendley) Kennon. daugh- 
ter of John P. Hendley and his wife, who before 
her marriage to him, was a widow. Mrs. Lucy 
Smith. Howell Lewis Kennon was by birth a 
Virginian, son of John and Elizabeth (Woodson) 
Kennon. but removed from Virginia to Alabama, 
where ho practised medicine, at Falkland, and 
later at Sumter. He died at Crawford. Mississippi. 
■f'-s wife Elizabeth W. Hendley. was a South 
Carolinian. Union District. Edmund John Irby, 
Representative of Kemper County, obtained his 
early education at the free school of Crawford 
Mississippi. He pursued his college education at 
the A. & M. College of Mississippi, where he took 
a special course, from 1881 to 1885. He then 
studied art with the Artists' Association of New 
Orleans, and for two winters pursued a c r p '^ 
course of readme: in the libraries of that City. 
Mr. Irby's avocation is painting, a profession In 
which he has achieved a considerable reputation. 
He also engaged In the mercantile business, in 
nartnership with his brother, R. F. Irbv. in "Biloxi. 
Mississippi, from 1895 to 1899. And in 1900 they 
established their firm in Scooba, where they are 
doing business at present. Mr. Irby has served two 
terms as Mayor of Scooba. from 1907 to 1909, and 
from 1911 to 1913. Elected to the Legislature in 
1915 he has done able and effective work as mem- 
ber of the following committees : Ways and 
Means; Education : Public Buildings and Grounds: 
Banks and Banking. Mr. Irby is a Democrat, and 
has served his party as a member of the County 
and Congressional Committee. He is a Mason, 
Royal Arch Chapter. He is unmarried. 



David F. Hoyle 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 877 

LAFAYETTE COUNTY. 

DAVID FRANKLIN HOYLE of Paris, Missis- 
sippi, representative from the County of Lafay- 
ette, is the son of Robert Daniel Hoyle and 
Nancy (Willis) Hoyle of North Carolina. He 

waa born in that State, at Shelby. Cleveland •--** iiSS* 

County, July 2, 1S60. He was left fatherless at 
a very early age; his father, Robert D. Hoyle, 
enlisted in the Civil War as a Confederate sold- 
ier In April of 1S62, and died in gallant service 
to the South in June of that same year. The I 
Hoyle family came from Ireland. David Hoyle, * ";;r 

grandfather of the subject of our sketch settled 
first in Virginia, and from there removed to 
North Carolina. He was a patriot soldier in the 
Revolutionary War. He and his wife, Ellen 
(Willis) Hoyle, made their home at Shelby, 
North Carolina, where their son, Robert Daniel 
Hoyle, was born. He afterwards made his home 
at Knob Creek, North Carolina. The maternal 
grandparents of David Franklin Hoyle were 
John and Elizabeth (Black) Willis. They were 
neighbors of his paternal grandparents at Shel- 
by, North Carolina. Mr. Hoyle came to Missis- 
sippi in his boyhood. He attended the public 
schools of Panola County in this State, where 
he was prepared for college. He obtained his 
collegiate education at the Tula Normal College, 
then under the control of Prof. C. C. Hughes, 
and was graduated from that institution in 1899. 
In. the following year he entered upon a useful 
career as a minister in the Baptisi Church, and 
has pursued that calling ever since. Believing 
that his influence would be valuable as a 
member of the State Legislature and that the 
civic life of the state is better for having some 
representatives of the ministry his friends nomi- 
nated him for that office, and he was elected 
in 1915. He has worked faithfully for pro- 
gressive legislation and better social conditions 
in connection with the following committees: 
Education; Railroads; Public Printing; Peniten- 
tiary; Liquor Traffic. Representative Hoyle is a 
Democrat and a Master Mason. In 1889 he waa 
married to Miss Alice Powell, in Panola County, 
Mississippi. She is the daughter of William 
Robert Powell and Mary Hunter (Partee) 
Powell, of Batesville, Mississippi. The Partees 
came from Gibson County, Tennessee in 1850 
and settled at their present home. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hoyle have but one child, Willis Hunter Hoyle, 
of Clinton, Mississippi. 



878 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 




Henry L. Davis 



HENRY LEE DAVIS of Tula, Mississippi, who 
represents Lafayette County, was born at Dal- 
lon, in the same County. His father, Aaron 
Davis, was also born in that County. He is 
the son of Aaron and Dincilla (Bailey) Davis. 
who were among- the early settlers of the Coun- 
ty. Representative Davis is an American in the 
strictest sense of that term, as his family has 
been settled in this country for many genera- 
tions and his great-great-grandfathers were 
volunteer soldiers in the Revolutionary "War. 
Like so many of our pioneer families, he is of 
Scotch-Irish descent. His mother, whose maiden 
name was Mary Burrow, was the daughter of 
Green and Sallie Burrow, who lived at Vernon, 
Alabama. Mr. Davis obtained his early educa- 
tion in the schools of his native County under 
capable instructors. He pursued his High School 
education under the direction of Prof. C. C. 
Hights, of Tula, where he took a full course in 
the English branches. After leaving school he 
continued to study and has been a constant 
reader of publications dealing with practical 
current .affairs. He is a man of many and varied 
interests; his principal occupation is farming, 
but he 4s also connected with the stock raising 
industry, the mercantile business and banking. 
Though never having enjoyed college advant- 
ages he has had a successful career and is a 
man of wide influence in his county. For eight 
years he was a member of the Board of Sup- 
ervisors of his County, and has also been Mayor 
of Tula. His interest in public questions in- 
duoed him to enter the political field, and in 
1915 he was elected to the Legislature, where he 
has shown much practical ability in his work 
for the State upon the following committees: 
Constitution; Appropriations; Roads; Ferries and 
Bridges; Banks and Bankins-. Mr. Davis was 
married September 18th, 1892, to Lenna Benton 
Davis, at Tula, Mississippi. His wife is the 
daughter of Thomas and Rebecca Davis of that 
place. Of this marriage there have been born 
seven children: Lillie Dell, Lela Emma, Bessie 
Lura, Curtis Gray, Vardaman Lee, Lucile and 
Van. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



879 



LAMAR COUNTY. 



JOHN ALEXANDER TEAGER. Representative 
from Lamar County, resides at Lumberton, Lamar 
County, Mississippi. He was born January IT, 
1882, at Toomsuba, Lauderdale County, of this 
State, and is the son of Daniel Wayne Yeager, 
who was born at Centerville, Bibb County, Ala- 
bama, but removed thence to Mississippi in 1857. 
He was a soldier of the Confederacy ; he enlisted 
in Lauderdale County at the outbreak of the War, 
and rendered faithful service until its close; he 
fought under the command of Captain Rogers. 
Representative Yeager comes of fighting stock. 
His paternal ancestors came early to America. 
His grandfather, Lewis Yeager, was one of those 
frontiersmen who did so much to protect our wes- 
tern borders from the British and Indians. He was 
born on Wolf River, Tennessee, fought in the Semi- 
nole War and in the War of 1812. as a sharpshooter. 
He took part in the Battle of New Orleans. 
John Alexander Yeager's mother. Lucinda Jane 
(Dodd) Yeager. was the daughter of the Reverend 
Sidney Dodd, who lived at Lockhart, Lauderdale 
County, Mississippi. He served as Captain in one 
of the home guards during the Civil War. The 
Dodds are of Scotch-Irish origin, and came to this 
country about the year 1800. In his boyhood Mr. 
Yeager attended the public schools of Lauderdale 
County. He did not pursue his academic edu- 
cation further, but determined to take up the study 
of law by correspondence. His experience shows 
what can be accomplished by correspondence work 
when the student is a bright youth possessed with 
the determination to succeed. He registered with 
the American Correspondence School of Law, com- 
pleted the three year's course in 1909, and passed 
his bar examination before Judge T. A. Wood, 
at New Augusta, Perry County, Mississippi. Mr. 
Yeager was formerly Mayor of Seminary, Coving- 
ton County, Mississippi. He has also been a mem- 
ber of the Executive Committee of the Democratic 
Farcy of Lamar County. In November, 1915, he 
was elected to the Legislature and is one of the 
truest and most thoughtful members of that 
body, being conscientious and just in his concep- 
tion of public duty. In his campaign he advocated 
the calling of a constitutional convention, the pas- 
sage of a rural credits law, the preservation of 
Mississippi's old capitol, and opposed a change 
in the present jury system. Since his election 
he has taken a prominent part in the work of 
the following committees: Judiciary; Appropria- 
tions ; Local and Private Legislation ; Public Print- 
ing ; Fees and Salaries ; Municipalities, serving the 







880 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



last named as Chairman. As a member of the Meth- 
odist Church, Mr. Yeager has served his congrega- 
tion as Steward and Lay Leader. He is a member 
of the Masonic Lodge. He has been twice married ; 
first, on January 14, 1903, at Toomsuba, Missis- 
sippi, to Miss Pearl Roberson, who died May 7, 
1910 ; then on June 11, 1911, to Miss Corean An- 
derson, at Ellisville. Mississippi. His first wife 
was the daughter of Jasper Roberson, a Confed- 
erate soldier of the Civil War ; his second wife 
is the daughter of Larson Anderson. Four Child- 
ren were born of the first marriage ; Leona Pearl, 
Audie Ex-an, Mattie Dexter, and Temple Estelle. 
Of the second marriage there are two children, 
Bernice and Mildred Lillian. 



LAUDERDALE COUNTY 




Thomas L. Bailey 



THOMAS LOWRY BAILEY of Meridian, Rep- 
resentative from Lauderdale County, was born 
January 6, 18§8, at Maben, Webster County, Mis- 
sissippi. His father, Anderson Bean Bailey, son 
of Samuel Johnson Bailey and Georgia (Bean) 
Bailey, of Maben, was born at Buena Vista, in 
Chickasaw Counts', Mississippi, but now lives 
at Mathiston, Mississippi. He has been prom- 
inent in local politics, and has held several county 
offices. The Baileys were originally South Caro- 
linians. Thomas L. Bailey's grandfather, Samuel 
Johnson Bailey, w^as born in Charleston, South 
Carolina, but removed to Mississippi before the 
Civil War. He was a graduate of the University of 
Virginia ; he served with conspicuous gallantry 
in the Confederate Army throughout the Civil 
War and was several times wounded, and received 
promotions for heroic conduct. The maiden name 
of Thomas Lowry Bailey's mother was Rosa 
Pow-ell. She was the daughter of Samuel Powell 
and Rosa (Willingham) Powell of Fheba, Missis- 
sippi. Her father came to Mississippi from Ken- 
tucky in the thirties. Thomas Lowry Bailey's 
ancestors were among the Colonial settlors of 
AmeTica and have been fighting the battles of 
freedom and good government for centuries. Mr. 
Bailey's early education was obtained in the Public 
Schools of Walthall and at the Europa High 
School and Collegiate Institute. In 1909 he was 
graduated from Millsaps College", with the degree 
of A. B. He later entered the Law Department 
of the same institution, and completed the law 
course in 1912. While a college student he had a 
number of honors bestowed upon him ; he repre- 
sented his College in the intercollegiate oratorical 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



881 



contest, and won the Senior medal for oratory. 
Before he began the practice of law Mr. Bailey- 
had some experience in teaching. He taught in 
the Madison County Agricultural High School at 
Camden, Mississippi, for a time and was Princi- 
pal of the Woodville High School, 1911-1912. May 
1, 1913, he opened his law office at Meridian, and 
soon became so popular that his name was sug- 
gested for the State Legislature. He was elected 
to that body in November, 1915. Mr. Bailey is 
one of the ablest of the younger members of the 
Legislature, and a brilliant career lies before him. 
He is well equipped for the duties of public life, 
and has already shown much ability in connection 
with his work upon the following committees : 
Judiciary ; Military Affairs ; Municipalities, Cor- 
porations, of which last he is Chairman. Mr. 
Bailey belongs to the Democratic party and to the 
Methodist Church which he serves in the capacity 
of 'Sunday School Superintendent. He is a mem- 
ber of the Masons, the Knights of Pythias, the 
Junior Order of United American Mechanics, and 
the Praetorians. He is as yet unmarried. 



WILLIS MONROE TAYLOR of Meridian, (R. 
F. D. No. 5), Representative from the County of 
Lauderdale, was born April 20, 1883, at Stinson, 
Mississippi. He comes of a splendid race of 
planters and farmers. His father, James Henry 
Taylor, was born at Stinson, and has always lived 
there, engaged in the occupation of farming. His 
grandparents, Marion and Martha Taylor, also 
passed their entire lives on a farm at Stinson. 
And his great-grandparents, who came from South 
Carolina just before the Civil War broke out, 
had settled at Stinson to engage in the work of 
farming. Marion Taylor, grandfather of Willis 
Monroe Taylor, fought as a private soldier in the 
Confederate Army. Willis Monroe Taylor's mother 
was, before her marriage, Jane Anderson, daughter 
of William Shields Anderson and Sarah Eliza- 
beth Anderson, also of Stinson. The Andersons 
came to Mississippi from Alabama. William 
Shields Anderson fought in the Civil War as a 
private in the Confederate . ranks. Mr. Taylor 
received his early education in the Stinson Pub- 
lic Schools where he was prepared for college. 
During the year 1904-05 he attended Clinton 
-College; and from 1907-08, the A. & M. College of 
Mississippi. After leaving college 1 he had three 
years' business experience, obtained by working 
In store and office. He then took up the profession 
of teaching, in which he has met with marked 
success. He has taught in some of the best schools 




Willis M. Taylor 



56— M 



882 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



of Lauderdale County. He is now serving in his 
first public office, that of State Representative, 
to which he was elected in 1915. In the work of 
this body his interest in the educational progress 
of the State is not less marked than that which 
he evinces in all her material growth and progress. 
He is a man of strong purpose but is just and fair 
to his opponents. The excellent work that he 
has already done on the following committees 
promises well for his future career : — Education ; 
Registrations and Elections ; Public Printing ; 
Eleemosynary Institutions ; Engrossed Bills. Mr. 
Taylor is a Democrat ; though he is not a member 
of any church he is a man of high moral standing 
in his community, and has always tried to live 
up to his motto of "Be sure you are right, then 
go ahead." On May 23, 1912, he was married 
to Miss Maude Reta Collins, at Meridian, Missis- 
sippi. She is the daughter of James Madison 
Collins and Amanda Eliza Collins of Collinsville, 
Lauderdale County. Mr. and Mrs. Taylor have one 
child, Eugene Lamar. 




Jesse D. Bounds 



JESSE DUDLEY BOUNDS, whose address is 
Bailey, R. 1, Representative from Lauderdale 
County, was born August 22, 1876, near Moscow, 
Kemper County, Mississippi. This locality was also 
the birthplace of his father, William Dudley Bounds, 
who has lived all his life in Kemper County, at 
Moscow and Fort Stephens. He named his son 
for the boy's paternal grandfather, Jesse Bounds, 
who married Mary Lyle, and later removed from 
Moscow to Meridian, where he and his wife both 
died. The Bounds family were among the early 
settlers of our State, and came of that sturdy 
stock, the Scotch-Irish, whose members possessed 
so many ideal qualities for pioneer life. The 
maiden name of Representative Bounds' mother 
was Dora Hall. She was the daughter of John 
and Harriette Hall, who were also residents of 
Kemper County in the vicinity of Moscow. Mr. 
Bounds' early education was obtained in the pub- 
lic schools of Lauderdale County. Aside from 
that schooling he has educated himself solely by 
the experiences of a busy career. He chose farm- 
ing as his occupation, and soon became a leader 
in the varied activities of his community. It was 
as constable of District No. 3, Lauderdale County, 
that he began his political life, serving for four 
years in that capacity. He then decided to be- 
come candidate for the office of Supervisor, but 
was defeated at his first trial. Four years later 
however he was elected to that office, which he 
filled very capably. During his term of four years 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 883 



he succeeded in having thirty-five miles of perma- 
nent road built a work of great value to a rural 
community. He was elected to the Legislature in 
November 1915, where he has served with marked 
ability upon the following committees : Ways and 
Means ; Railroads ; Fees and Salaries ; Roads, 
Ferries and Bridges. Mr. Bounds belongs to the 
Democratic Party. He is a member of the Bap- 
tist Church, and for eight years served his con- 
gregation as clerk. He is a Woodman of the World, 
and a Master Mason. For two years he was 
Senior Warden of the Andrews Chapel No. 377, and 
Master one year. In December 1900, near Bailey, 
Lauderdale County, he was married to Anne Phil- 
lips, daughter of James Phillips and his wife. 
Caroline Tinsley Phillips, who lived near Oktibbeha. 
Kemper County. James Phillips was a Confederate 
soldier in the Civil War. Representative and 
Mrs. Bounds have seven children : Dora Caroline, 
Thelma Vinita, Ethel Aline, Sylvia Kathleen, James 
William, Jesse Dudley and Walter. 



LAWRENCE COUNTY 

CHARLES EDGAR GIBSON of Monticello, Rep- 
resentative from Lawrence County, was born at 

Sontag, in that County, on May 12, 1887. He --, g. 

is the son of William Randolph Gibson, Jr., who was ^^m-:z. ■ 

born near the close of the Civil War, August 15, 

1864, at Beauregard, Copiah County, Mississippi, ^ .^. ^p 

and the grand-son of William Randolph Gibson 1 ^ ~_* 

Sr., and his wife whose maiden name was Emily 
Watson. This couple lived at Beauregard. The 

Gibsons were a Scotch family originally. Large \ >-' A 

numbers of their clan came to America at an early .^ " a r^v 

date. It is one of the most numerous connections 
in United States, especially throughout the Ten- 
nessee-Kentucky region. The branch to which 
Representative Gibson belongs first settled in Vir- 
ginia, and from there removed to Alabama. From 
that state the grandfather of Charles Edgar 
Gibson came to live in Mississippi. He fought as 
a Confederate soldier in the Civil War, to which 
cause he was ardently devoted. Mr. Gibson's 
maternal ancestors were native Mississippians of 
English descent. His mother, Mary (Warren) 
Gibon, was the daughter of Joseph Hardin Warren 
and his wife, Mary Warren, who lived at Wesson. 
Mississippi. Representative Gibson received his 
early education in his home community, and later 
attended school at Wesson, Mississippi, where hf? 
maternal grandparents resided- Then for three 
years he was a student at Mississippi College. 



i 

4 

i 



Charles E. Gibson 



884 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



During 1907-1908 he was Principal of the Allen 
High School. Deciding to enter the profession of 
law, he entered upon his studies at Millsaps, from 
which institution he was graduated in 1909 with the 
degree of LL. B. The year following he established 
himself in a law office at Monticello, where he has 
since lived and built up a successful practice. He 
is Attorney for the American Surety Company of 
New York. Mr. Gibson's entrance into politics 
was made when he was elected to the Legislature 
in 1915. He is well fitted to represent his section 
and has already shown his ability in his work 
on the committees of Judiciary ; Constitution ; Ways 
and Means ; Penitentiary ; Public Lands, of which 
latter he is Chairman. Mr. Gibson is a Democrat 
and an active member of the Baptist Church; 
he has served as Clerk of the Lawrence County 
Baptist Association, and Assistant Superintendent 
of the Sunday School. He is a Junior Deacon of 
the Masonic order, Chancellor Commander of 
the Knights of Pythias, and belongs to the Eastern 
Star. He was married in Monticello, Mississippi, 
November 27, 1911, to Miss Bonnie Lea Guess, 
daughter of William Lovin Guess and Sarah Millie 
(Wilson) Guess, of Monticello. Mrs. Gibson's 
paternal grandparents were Morgan Guess, who 
was born in Devonshire, England, 1773, and his 
wife, Nancy (Walker) Guess, born in Cork County, 
Ireland, 1770. Her maternal grandparents were 
Jonathan Wilson, a resident of Amite County, Mis- 
sissippi, and his wife Sarah M. (Carlyle) Wilson, 
a resident of Lawrence County, Mississippi, both 
of whom were early settlers of the State, whence 
they came from Virginia. Mr. and Mrs. Gibson 
have one child, Edna Kendel. 



LEAKE COUNTY. 




Martin M. Miller 



MARTIN MORGAN MILLER of Edinburg, 
Mississippi, Representative from Leake County, 
wfls horn p.t that to^r> ovi f1 ~o 11th day of Sep- 
tember, 1858. His parents were James Thomas 
Miller and his wife*. Treassie Miller. The father, 
John Thomas Miller, son of James Miller and Bet- 
tie Miller of Camden, in the County of Madison, 
Mississippi, was born at Camden. His mother is 
the daughter of George W. Mooney and Harriett 
Mooney of Edinburg. Martin Morgan Miller ob- 
tained his early education in the elementary schools 
of his county. He then attended the Edinburg 
High School, where his teachers were Professor 
Alex McLindon and Professor R. H. Pate. After 
completing his High School course he entered the 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



885 



Queen City Business College at Meridian, Missis- 
sippi, from which institution he was graduated 
in April, 1910. Mr. Miller is one of the most suc- 
cessful and prominent young farmers of his County. 
During the year 1911 he was County Lecturer 
for the Farmers' Union of Leake County, and did 
much to bring about progressive methods in his 
section. He has also been of great assistance to 
the farming class of people financially, with whom 
he is very popular. In 1915, having exerted 
a wide influence in his County he was elected 
to the office of Representative to the State 
Legislature, and has ably promoted the inter- 
ests of his constituents by his work on the 
following committees : Appropriations ; Corpora- 
tions ; Fees and Salaries ; Pensions. Representative 
Miller belongs to the Democratic Party, and in 
1912 served his party as delegate to the state 
convention from Leake County. He is a Baptist. 
and belongs to the Woodmen of the World. He is 
unmarried. 



LEE COUNTY. 



FRANK L. KINCANNON of Tupelo, Repre- 
sentative from Lee County, was elected to the 
House of Representatives in November, 1915. His 
friends in the legislature from north-east Missis- 
sippi brought him out as a candidate for speaker 
and he received a very complimentary vote for 
that position. Though his modesty has prevented 
him from furnishing any family history, Repre- 
sentative Kincannon is a member of one of the 
most distinguished families of Mississippi and he 
himself is one of the prominent men of his 
county. He is the editor and proprietor of the 
Tupelo Journal, one of the influential and pro- 
gressive weekly papers of the State. As a law- 
maker he is attentive and business-like in his 
work and seeks to be fair to both the agricultural 
and educational interests of Mississippi. His 
taste lies in the details of legislation rather than 
advocacy on the floor. He is a member of the 
following Committees : Judiciary ; Constitution ; Ed- 
ucation ; Public Printing : Eleemosynary Institu- 
tions ; Fees and Salaries ; Roads, Ferries and 
Bridges ; Banks and Banking, serving the last 
mentioned as its Chairman. 







j? rank L. Kincannon 



886 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 




James S. Howerton 




William S. Barry 



JAMES SANDERS HOWERTON of Baldwyn. 
Representative from Lee County, was born in that 
County June 18. 1866. His parents were Joel 
D. Howerton and Melissa C. (Butler) Howerton. 
His father was a Confederate soldier in Company E. 
Fourth Mississippi Cavalry, and served through 
many important battles from September, 1862. to 
June 18, 1864, when he was incapacitated by a 
severe wound. The Howertons are of English ori- 
gin ; the family settled first in Virginia', went 
from there to Alabama, and finally removed to 
Mississippi. Mr. Howerton received his early edu- 
cation in the public schools of his County, and his 
preparatory training at the Guntown High School. 
of which Prof. J. W. Huey was then Principal. 
After studying there for two years he entered the 
Iuka Normal Institute, where he graduated in 1888 
with the degree of B. S. For eight years following 
his graduation, Representative Howerton taught 
school in his native county where he has many 
friends and followers. Since then he has been a 
farmer. From 1912 to 1916 he was a member of 
the State Legislature, where he served on the 
following committees : Appropriations ; Registra- 
tion and Elections, and Federal Relations. He 
was re-elected in 1915. and is now Chairman of 
the Appropriations Committee and a member of 
following committees : Rules : Ways and Means : 
Penitentiary. Representative Howerton is a Demo- 
crat and an ordained minister of the Primitive Bap- 
tist Church and those who know him say that he is 
a good Christian and seeks to honor the ministry. 
He belongs to the Masons Cin which lodge he has 
been Worshipful Master for six years and Senior 
Deacon for eight) ; has been for threp years Coun- 
cil Commander in the Woodmen of the World ; and 
Prelate in the Knights of Pythias. He was mar- 
ried December 25, 1888. at Baldwyn, to Miss 
Georgia A. Simmons. They are the parents of 
five children : Mrs. Rossie E. Roper. Mrs. Lela A. 
Roper, Frank Burkitt, Ethel M. and Mattie L. 



LEFLORE COUNTY. 

WILLIAM SHELBY BARRY of Greenwood. Le- 
flore County, was born November 27, 1857, at 
Columbus. Lowndes County, Mississippi, and is the 
son of William Sullivan and Sarah fFearn) Barry. 
His father was a prominent antebellum salesman 
and was president of the famous Secession Con- 
vention of 1861. and afterwards saw conspicuous 
service in the Confederate army. W. S. Barry's 
paternal crandparents were Richard Barry and 
Mary (Suliiyan) Barry, of Columbus, Mississippi. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 887 



The Barry family came originally from Eng- 
land and settled first in Virginia. The mother 
of Representative Barry. Sarah Fearn. was the 
daughter of Doctor Thomas Fearn and his wife 
Sarah Shelby, of Huntsville, Alabama. William 
Shelby Barry was educated in private schools in 
Lowndes and Oklibbeha County and prepared for 
college at the High School at Norwood. Virginia, 
after which he attended the University of Missis- 
sippi for one year. He studied for the bar by 
reading law at home and by taking summer courses 
at the University of Virginia. He began to prac- 
tice his profession at Greenwood in 1886. In 1888 
he and Judge S. R. Coleman formed the law firm 
of Coleman & Barry. Some years later he ceased 
to practice law and became a planter. He is the 
largest planter in his county, and is President of 
the Planter's Oil Mill Company and the Cooper- 
ative Oil Mill Company at Morehead, Mississippi. 
Mr. Barry became a member of the State Legis- 
lature in 1888. From 1904 to 1908 he was Presi- 
dent of the Levee Board of Yazoo and Mississippi 
Valley. Again served in the House from 1912-16 
and was re-elected for the present term, and is 
numbered among the ablest legislators of that 
body. As a member of the Democratic Party, 
Representative Barry has served on both county 
and state executive committees. He is an ad- 
herent by faith of the Presbyterian Church and 
belongs to the following fraternal orders : Mason, 
Elks, Knights Templar. Shriners. Mr. Barry has 
been twice married, first to Bernice Shelby Stell, 
May 25, 1882. at Huntsville, Alabama. She died 
in March of 1898. His second wife was Josephine 
Hailonquist. to whom lie was married September 
12, 1906, at Montgomery, Alabama. She is the 
daughter of Laurent Berney and Caralisa Champ 
(Lucas) Hollonquist of Montgomery. Mrs. Barry is 
descended from several great European races. Her 
father's family came from Denmark and her 
mother's family, the Lucases, are Spanish-English. 
Her grandmother Berney was of French-English 
descent, from Baronet Berney of Park Hall. She 
Is also related to the famous Byrd family who 
came from England in 1674 and settled in Vir- 
ginia, where they founded "Westover". Hugo 
de Byrd, the first in England of that name, came 
over from France with William the Conqueror. 
The only child of William Shelby Barry by his 
first marriage is William Shelby Barry, Jr. Of 
his second marriage were born. Josephine, Caralisa, 
Putnam and Wingneld. Mr. Barry is an able 



888 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



member of the following Committees: Judiciary; 
Local and Private Legislation ; Insurance ; Banks 
and Banking- ; and is Chairman of the Committee 
on Mississippi Levees. 



LINCOLN COUNTY. 



m^rrrr: 



M *»S 



It 



John F. Cole 



JOHN FRANKLIN COLE of Bague Chitto, Rep- 
resentative from Lincoln County, was born at that 
place Dec. 24. 1887. His father was Henry Harri- 
son Cole, who was born at Amit, Miss, and re- 
moved to Pike County. While still a very young- 
man he ran what is yet known in that locality 
as the Stewarts Water Mill. During the Civil 
War he served for 12 months. His parents were 
Wash and Sophronia (Curtis) Cole, of Summit, 
Miss. Mr. Cole's mother was also of a Missis- 
sippi family, the Reeves, who were among the pro- 
gressive people of their community. Her name was 
Elizabeth, and she was the daughter of Warren and 
Marian Reeves, who lived near Tapison Baptist 
Church in Lincoln County. After completing his 
elementary education. Mr. Cole attended High 
School at Pleasant Hill during the year of 1908. 
While a student there he had the distinction of 
representing the district in the declamation con- 
test. His teachers at that school were Miss Vic- 
toria Hill and Miss Lulu McCullough. Like 
many of our country boys, born after the Civil 
War, Representative Cole began work on the 
farm at an early age. He was but eight years 
old when he began to do his share of the 
labor, and he has continued farming ever since. Al- 
ways taking a keen interest in public affairs he was 
induced to enter politics and began his political life 
with his election to the lower house in 1915, and 
has served ably upon the following committees : 
Education ; Railroads : Claims. He is a staunch 
Democrat. In church work he has neid the office 
of Superintendent of the Sunday Sr'ioul in one 
of - the branch Sunday Schools of the Baptist 
Church. In 1910, February 9th. he was united in 
marriage to Delia Burns, who was the daughter 
of Arthur and Julia Burns, residents of Bogue 
Chitto, Mississippi. Representative and Mrs. Cole 
have ope child, Alphaeus Johnson. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



889 



LOWNDES COUNTY 



JOHN FOSTER FRIERSON of Columbus, Rep- 
resentative from Lowndes County, was born at 
Okolona, Mississippi, July 1, 1876. Both his father 
and his paternal grandfather were ministers of 
the Presbyterian Church. Reverend William Vin- 
cent Frierson, son of Reverend William Vincent 
Frierson, Sr. and Adeline (Fulton) Frierson. 
was born in Green County, Alabama, but removed 
to Mississippi in 1874. From 1874 to 1876 he 
lived at Okalona, and from 1877 to 1894 at Pon- 
totoc, where he was pastor of the Presbyterian 
Church and President of the Chickasaw Female 
College. During the Civil War he enlisted in the 
2nd Mississippi Regiment and served with gallantry 
and ardent devotion to the Southern Cause until 
he was wounded at Gettysburg. He is now Sup- 
erintendent of the Palmer Orphanage at Columbus. 
The maiden name of Representative Frierson's 
mother was Florence Foster, daughter of J. C. 
Foster and Catherine (Barr) Foster of Hopewell, 
Lafayette County, Mississippi. The ancestors of 
John Foster Frierson were all Scotch-Irish, and 
they all came from South Carolina except his 
maternal grandmother, who was from North Caro- 
lina. Mr. Frierson is one of the leading young 
attorneys of Mississippi ; gifted with unusual abil- 
ity and powers of oratory and actuated by the 
highest ideals of truth and justice, he is a citizen 
of whom Mississippi has a right to be proud. He 
was educated at Pontotoc, in an academy for males 
conducted by Professor J. M. Carter, and at the 
Southwestern Presbyterian University of Clarks- 
ville, Tennessee, where he was graduated in 1899 
with the degree of B. A. He then studied law in the 
office of Hon. J. Mc. Martin at Port Gibson, Missis- 
sippi, and in January of 1906 was admitted to the 
bar. He was made junior member of the law firm 
of Martin & Frierson, at Port Gibson, where he 
remained until 1910, and then went to Columbus, 
where he established the firm of Frierson & Hale. 
Mr. Frierson is one of the best equipped men in the 
public service of Mississippi. He has an extensive 
practice, and his wide circle of influence caused 
his entrance into public life. In 1907 he was 
elected on the Democratic ticket to serve from 
1908 to 1912 as Floater Representative of Clai- 
borne and Jefferson Counties. In 1915 he was 
elected to represent Lowndes County. He has a 
strong influence in the Legislature, where he 
serves as a safe representative of his reople. 
Mr. Frierson is an Elder in the Presbyterian 
Church, and is a member of the Masons and the 
Woodmen of the World. He is unmarried. 




John F. Frierson 






























V 




LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

DABNET LIPSCOMB ERVIN, of Columbus. 
Miss., was born February 17. 1850, near that town; 
the son of William Ethelbert Ervin and Marah 
Magee" (Kennedy) Ervin. Both his paternal and 
maternal ancestors served in the American Revo- 
lution ; those on the maternal side were descen- 
dants of the French Hugenots ; on the paternal, 
side, were Scotch-Irish. Mr. Ervin's early education 
was obtained at Oak Grove High Schooh near 
Columbus ; his college education was prevented by 
the Civil War. His occupations have been those 
of a planter and a newspaper solicitor. He was 
elected to the Mississippi- Legislature on November 

Dabney L. Ervin 7 ' 1911, and Was returned to that body in 1915. 

Mr. Ervin is one of the most thoughtful and pains- 
taking members of the Legislature. With wise 
economy he combines a proper conception of the 
needs of educational advancement, knowing that 
the industrial development of a people is depen- 
dent upon intelligent methods and that this is 
never brought about until the people are given 
educational advantages. Uplifting the State mor- 
ally and intellectually, he feels sure is the duty 
of the public servant, and his greatest desire is to 
banish fraud and illiteracy from the State He is 
greatly trusted and loved by his fellow members. 
Mr. Ervin is a Democrat, a member of the Metho- 
dist Church, being a Steward of the latter. He was 
married October 15, 1873, to Sallie Staples Hairston, 
in Lowndse County, Miss., daughter of Dr. Peter 
Constantine Hairston. Her ancestors came from 
Scotland to Virginia, in 1736, and founded one 
of the oldest and wealthiest families of Virginia 
and later of Mississippi, a paternal ancestor hav- 
ing been the largest land and slave holder in 
America. (See Publications of Virginia Historical 
Society.) Mr. and Mrs. Ervin have six child- 
ren : Woodley Virginia, Eliza Holley Withoven, 
Samuel Harden, James Edwin, Mrs. Annie 
Bryan Rector, and Mrs. Saliie Staples Weatherd. 
Mr. Ervin was in 1912-14 a member of the 
following committees: Eleemosynary Institutions; 
Education ; Ways and Means ; Census and Ap- 
portionment. He now serves with great ability 
and with justice and fairness to all State insti- 
tutions on the following committees : Appropria- 
tions ; Corporations ; Eleemosynary Institutions ; 
Military Affairs, and Pensions. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



891 



JOSEPH! RALPH THOMAS of Columbus. Rep- 
resentative from Lowndes County, is by birth a 
Virginian. He was born, March 14, 1860, at How- 
ardsville, Albemarle County, in that State. For 
generations the family had occupied their home- 
stead there; they were of English origin, and had 
settled in Virginia prior to the Revolution and 
were participants in that great struggle for Amer- 
ican liberty. The father of Joseph Ralph Thomas 
was Joseph Washington Thomas, a farmer, son of 
Ralph Thomas. The mother of Joseph Ralph 
Thomas was, before her marriage, Mary J. Cole- 
man, daughter of Samuel Coleman, who lived in 
Appomatox County, Virginia. Mr. Thomas was 
educated in both the private and public schools of 
Albemarle County, in his native State. As his 
occupation he chose that which has always ap- 
pealed to the Virginia gentleman, farming. In 
Mississippi Mr. Thomas has been among the best 
and most progressive citizens of his community 
and has a wide influence throughout his County. 
Previous to his election to the House of Repre- 
sentatives, he had not filled any political office. 
He had, however, served in the Cavalry of the 
National Guard, in the Company of Captain W. 
A. Love. As a member of the House he has 
served faithfully and with signal ability upon sev- 
eral important committees: Agriculture ; Railroads ; 
Public Lands ; County Affairs. Mr. Thomas is a 
staunch member of the Democratic Party ; he be- 
longs to the Methodist Church, in which he has 
served as Steward ; and is a member of the Ma- 
sonic Lodge. He has never married. 






wwBttmmm 

Joseph R. Thomas 



MADISON COUNTY. 



JOHN BROCKTON DENDY of Pickens. Miss., 
Representative from Madison County, was born 
June 9, 1849, in Lowndes County, Ala.; the son 
of Edmond Taylor Dendy and Julia (Mother- 
ahead) Dendy. His great-grandfather was John 
Dendy (or Denby, as it was at first spelled), 
who was a Virginian and immisrrated to South 
Carolina before the Revolutionary War, and 
fought as a lieutenant under Sumpter and 
Marion. Our subject's father was a Baptist min- 
ister of Laurens County, S. C Mr. Dendy was 
educated in the common schools of his county, 
and had no opportunity of college or profes- 
sional training, but his experience in farming ren- 
ders him a safe representative of the asricultural 
classes. He has always followed the life of a farmer ; 
was Justice of the Peace in Leake County, Miss., 



-9 T 






inn E. Dendy 



892 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



1S78-1879; Mayor of Pickens. 1885-1889; Super- 
visor in Madison County, 1896-1905, and 1908- 
1912; was elected to the Legislature, November 
7, 1911. He was returned to the House of Rep- 
resentatives in 1915 and no member of that body 
renders the State more efficient and faithful 
service. Both the educational and agricultural 
interests of the State are safe in his hands. He 
is a Democrat, a Baptist, and a member of the 
Masonic Order. He married Amanda Louisa 
Edwards of Madison County. They have five 
children: Mrs. Evie Julia (Dendy) Allen, Shelby 
Brockton Dendy. William Edmond Dendy, Vin- 
cent Clare Dendy, and Mrs. Cornelia Ethel 
(Dendy) Nickles. In the Legislature of 1912- 
1914, Mr. Dendy was a member of Committees on 
the subjects, Corporations, Liquor Traffic, Edu- 
cation, Census and Apportionment, Federal Re- 
lations. At present, he is a member of the fol- 
lowing Committees : Railroads ; Public Lands ; 
Registrations and Elections; Public Printing; 
Penitentiary; County Affairs; Roads, Ferries 
and Bridges; Liquor Traffic; Pensions. 



I, ,%-?y 



?■ «*feM$ *** 




TIP RAY of Canton, Madison County, Missis- 
sippi, was born in that place on the 8th day of 
June, 1890. His father, James William. Ray, was 
born in the County of Neshoba, Mississippi, and 
lived, during his manhood, at Meridian, and at 
Canton, Mississippi. His wife, the mother of 
the subject of this sketch, was Callie F. (Ander- 
son) Ray. As a boy ? Tip Ray attended the Can- 
ton High School. In 1906 he matriculated at 
the University of Mississippi, where he pursued 
the four years' Scientific Course, graduating in 
1910 with the degree of B. S. He then spent an 
additional year in the Law Department of the 
University. Thus excellently .equipped, he pass- 
ed the examination before the Chancellor, and 
was admitted to . the bar in May. 1914. As is 
the case with many members of his profession, 
young Attorney Ray was soon attracted to poli- 
tics. Popular with a host of friends, ^vith his 
sterling character, and splendid equipment for 
public service he had no trouble in securing of- 
fice. He was nominated for the State Legisla- 
ture in 1915 and elected to serve for 1916-1920. 
Mr. Ray is stilUa very young man. and stands 
just at the opening of a brilliant career. He 
has already ably served upon the following com- 
mittees: Judiciary; Appropriations; Corpora- 
tions; Military Affairs; Claims, serving the lat- 
ter as chairman. Mr. Ray is a Democrat, a Bap- 
tist, and a member of three fraternal organiza- 
tions. Knights of Pythias, Woodmen of the 
World, and the Benevolent and Protective Or- 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



893 



der of Elks, in the last named of which he holds 
the office of Esquire, Canton Lodge 458. He is 
as yet unmarried. 



MARION COUNTY. 



ETHELBERT ISAAC SINGLET, whose address 
is Route 2, Columbia, Mississippi, Representative 
from Marion County, was born near Columbia, 
December 2, 1888. His father, Seaborn Sing-ley. 
was born in the same county, at Improve, and 
lived there until 1901, when he removed to the 
country near Columbia ; his paternal grandpar- 
ents were John and Katherine Singley, of Im- 
prove. His great-grandparents were George 
Frederick and Margaret Singley. The family 
have long been residents of Mississippi and have 
been always identified with its best progress. The 
maiden name of Representative Singley's mother 
was Fannie Lang. Her parents were Thomas 
and Elizabeth Lang, who resided at Advance, 
Mississippi. Mr. Singley was educated in the 
rural schools of Marion County, at the Advance 
and Morris Schools, where he has carefully pre- 
pared for college. He then attended South 
Mississippi College. He was a studious and am- 
bitious young man and decided to make teaching 
his profession. He has now been a member 
of that profession for a number of years, having 
taught successfully at the following places : two 
years at Black Jack, Covington County ; four years 
in Marion County ; one year at Centerville and one 
year at Union. In 1915 at the urgent request of 
his many friends he entered politics by becoming 
a candidate for the State Legislature, to which 
he was elected for the term of 1916-1920. Mr. 
Singley is independent of factional politics and 
believes that the States best interest are pro- 
moted by fairness and justice to all state insti- 
tutions. He is a man of high standards of right 
and makes the State's welfare his prime obieet. 
He has rendered zealous and helpful service to 
the State on the following committees : Appro- 
priations ; Education ; Manufactures ; Liquor 
Traffic, of which he is chairman. Represen- 
tative Singley is a member of the Improve 
Baptist Church and belongs to the Woodmen 
of the World. February 12, 1912. he was 
married to Anna L. Hollaway, at Prentiss, Mis- 
sissippi. Her parents are Alexander and Ange- 
line Holloway of Mt. Carmel, Mississippi. Mr. 
and Mrs. Singley have two children, Robert 
Luther Walter and Seaborn Alex. 




Ethelbert I. Singley 












s 



894 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



MARSHALL COUNTY. 




William W. Stamps 



WILLIAM WALTON STAMPS of Colliersville, 
Tennessee, Representative from Marshall County, 
son of George Washington Stamps and Martha 
Mildred Joyner Stamps, was born at Marshall 
Institute In Marshall County, Mississippi, Decem- 
ber 4. 1871. His father is the son of Joshua 
and Elizabeth (Pettey) Stamps. He was born In 
Hinds County, Mississippi, but lived during 1 his 
boyhood and young manhood at Centre Hill, 
De Soto County, Mississippi. His parents remov- 
ed from Centre Hill to White County, Arkansas. 
He attended Union University at Murfreesboro, 
Tennessee, and taught school at Iuka, Missis- 
sippi, and in Marshall County. In 1859 he es- 
tablished at Iuka a boarding school for young 
ladies. Although this school was broken up by 
the Civil War it was re-opened after the War 
was over. During the War the young Professor 
served in the secret service under General For- 
rest. Some time after the War he removed to 
Marshall County, where he still resides. The 
mother of the subject of our sketch was the 
daughter of Reverend Thomas Joyner and Eliza- 
beth McGehee Joyner of the Marshall Institute. 
Reverend Joyner was for sixty years a Meth- 
odist minister in the Tennessee conference, his 
home being just across the Tennessee line in 
Mississippi. The Joyners are of English descent; 
their ancestors settled first in North Carolina, 
"but migrated to Tennessee early in the 18th 
Century. Rev. John McGee, great-grandfather 
on maternal side, served in the Revolution, as 
did also his wife's father, Col. Wm. Johnston. 
Rev. John McGee's father was an officer of the 
militia appointed by King George in 1765. He 
was from Ireland, and died at Raleigh, North 
Carolina. Representative Stamps obtained his 
early education in the free schools of Missis- 
sippi; he spent One term at the High School of 
Angrnsta, Arkansas, and another term at Belle- 
view College, Colliersville. Tennessee. In 1896 
he opened a small country store in Marshall 
County, and has since remained there. In the* 
meantime his business has developed into a 
large and lucrative one. His wide business re- 
lations have made him well known and popular 
in his community. In 1915 he was nominated 
for the State Legislature and elected to serve 
In that body from 1916 to 1920 Mr. Stamps 

fs a man of sterling worth and is deeply re- 
gardful of the State's welfare. He has given 
faithful and valuable service upon the following 
committees : Manufacture? : Eleemosynary Insti- 
tutions; Roads; Ferries and Bridges ; Public 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



895 



Buildings and Grounds. Mr. Stamps is a Demo- 
crat, a Mason, a Woodman of the World, and a 
Columbian Woodman. On December 25, 1901. at 
Somerville, Tennessee, he was married to Ollie 
Earl Folk, daughter of Edward H. and Anna 
Belle (Applewhite) Polk of Mt. Pleasant, Missis- 
sippi. Her family belong- to the same line of 
descent as did that of the Ex-President, James 
K. Polk. Mr. and Mrs. Stamps have three child- 
ren: John Edward, Frances Anna Louise, and 
Nina Vivian. 



WILFRED IVANHOE SPEARS of Byhalia. 
Mississippi, Representative from Marshall Coun- 
ty, was born in De Soto County, Mississippi, 
April 24. 1856. His father. Adolphus Spears. 
was born on James River, Cumberland County, 
Virginia, in 1817, and removed from there to 
Panola County, Mississippi. In 1847 he went to 
De Soto County, where he bought a tract of 
land and lived there at 'Rose Cottage" until his 
death, January 4, 1880. At the very outbreak 
of the Civil War he enlisted in Company 1, 
Seventeenth Regiment of Mississippi Infantry, 
of which W. S. Featherstone was Colonel. This 
regiment, together with the 13th, l r 8th and 21st 
composed Barkdale's famous Mississippi Brigade. 
Mr. Spear's father remained in tLe service until 
the close of the war, his services to the Con- 
federacy having been conspicuous for heroism 
and devotion to duty. His paternal grandpar- 
ents were Professor Leonard Spears and De- 
bora (Fowler) Spears of Cumberland County, 
Virginia. His maternal ancestors were also 
Virginians who had lived in that State for sev- 
eral generations. His mother's maiden name 
was Lindia Ann Botaner. She was the daughter 
of Captain Botaner and was reared in Chatham, 
Virginia. Mr. Spears' great-grandparents on his 
mother's side came from England in the days 
of the colonies. A youth after the close of the 
Civil War his educational advantages were very 
meager. All the schooling he was able to se- 
cure was in a log schoolhouse in the country. 
In spite of this disadvantage, Mr. Spears suc- 
ceeded to a large degree in educating himself 
by reading and by practical experience. He hns 
long: taken an interest in politics, and at the 
people's solicitations he became a candidate for 
the State Legislature in 1915 and was elected 
for the term of 1916-1920. In a body noted for 
its unusual ability, high standards of integrity 
and great moral force and courage Mr. Spears 
stands at the front His strong convictions of 
jight and unswerving integrity places him among 



"""'r^SSP 



f fs§ m 



Wilfred I. Spears 



896 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



the able members of the Legislature. He serves 
on the committees of Ways and Means; Public 
Health and Quarantine; Fisheries; Commerce 
and Fishing-; Pensions. He has always believed 
in the principles of the Democratic Party, and 
belongs to the Methodist Church. February 9, 
1886 he was married to Emma J. Fouche of 
Yazoo City, Mississippi, daughter of Col. Isaac 
J. Fouche, who was born and reared in Virginia, 
and whose grandparents came to that State from 
France. Mrs. Spears' mother was a Miss Drewry 
of Drewryville, Southampton County, Virginia. 
Representative and Mrs. Spears have only one 
child, Nora Inez. 




John A. Hardin 



JOHN ALLEN HARDIN, whose address is R. 
F. D. No. 3, Potts Camp, Mississippi, represents 
Marshall County in the Lower House. He was 
burn at Holly Springs, Marhsall County, Miss- 
issippi, January 29, 1870. His parents were 
William Jackson Hardin and Eliza Jane (Garri- 
son) Hardin. His father, William Jackson 
Hardin, was a native of Alabama, having been 
born at Maringo in that State. Throughout the 
War Between the States he served with ardent 
devotion in the Confederate Army. After the 
War he removed to Mississippi, and became one 
of the community builders of the State at a 
period when the Civil" War had impoverished the 
South. Eliza Jane (Garrison) Hardin, mother of 
the subject of this sketch, was the daughter of 
Allen Turner Garrison and Nancy (Simmons) 
Garrison, of Franklin County, Georgia. Repre- 
sentative Hardin obtained his early education in 
the public schools of Marshall County; and in 
place of a college education he chose the more 
practical training obtained in the school of ex- 
perience. He became a successful farmer and 
stock raiser, and is still engaged in those oc- 
cupations. He is one of the prominent farmers ot 
his vicinity. His large knowledge of farming and 
planting fitted him in every way to take part in 
legislation in a state so largely agricultural. Being 
a man of wide influence, popular in his county, he 
was brought out by the people of his section to 
represent their interests in the Legislature and 
in 1915 was elected to serve from 1916 to 1920. 
In the Legislature he has served faithfully and 
with ability upon the following committees: 
Appropriations; Agriculture; Railroad; Public 
Buildings and Grounds. He is a member of the 
Baptist Church and takes an active part in the 
work of the Sunday School, being Superinten- 
dent of that body for twenty years. He is a 
Mason, a Master of his lodge, and has also taken 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



897 



the Past Master's degree. In 1S92, in Marshall 
County he was married to Isabella Frances 
Harrell daughter of James Notley Harrell and 
Nannie (Morton) Harrell of Holly Springs, Miss- 
issippi. They have a large and interesting family 
of nine children, two boys and saven girls, names 
of which were not supplied in note.-. 



MONROE COUNTY. 

WILLIAM HARTWELL KOLB of Aberdeen, 
who represents Monroe County, was born in that 
County during the progress of the Civil War 
(October 16, 1S62) at Hamilton (Rees Store). 
His father, John Ervin Cobb, had an adventur- 
ous career. He was born at Caledonia. Lown- 
des County, Mississippi. When the Civil War 
began, he enlisted, and made one of the bravest 
soldiers of Company G., 41st Mississippi Infantry. 
After the war he returned home and remained 
there until 1869. For the following thirteen 
years he passed his life in what was then the 
frontier region. First he went to Texas, where 
he lived for five years; thence he went to the 
Indian Territory, and later to Arkansas. In 
1882 he returned to settle down for good in his 
native State. His parents were Milton and 
Elizabeth (Ellis) Kolb of Caledonia. The Kolbs 
were among the earliest settlers in Virginia. 
They were among the number of liberty loving 
races that left their native lands on account of 
religious persecution. They came to Virginia 
in 1616. The branch to which Representative Kolb 
belongs migrated South to the Carolinas, and 
thence gradually through Georgia, Alabama and 
Mississippi. Mr. Kolb's great-grandfather, Peter 
Kolb, settled in Mississippi, near Caledonia, in 1818. 
The connection is a numerous one; in 1892 there 
were about 12000 persons of this surname living 
In the United States. They represent the best 
population of the communities in which they re- 
side. William Hartwell Kolb's maternal grand- 
parents were also Mississippians, — William 
Stewart and Sara (Thomas) Stewart, of Rees 
Store, or Hamilton, Monroe County. Their 
daughter, Artelia, married John Ervin Kolb and 
ia the mother of the subject of the present 
sketch. Mr. Kolb will tell you that he received 
his early education "at the fireside, by the pine 
knot light", and that his mother was his best 
teacher. After leaving the public schools he 
attended the Mississippi Normal College at Troy, 
where he continued until within one year of 
graduation. Here he fitted himself for teach- 




William H. Kolb 



57— M 



898 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



Ing, an occupation that he followed successfully 
for two years, — 1888 and 1889. He is a man of 
strong convictions and the purest ideals of pub- 
lic service. From November 12, 1889 to January 
6, 1896, Mr. Kolb held the office of Chancery 
Clerk of Monroe County. In 1915 the people of 
his county honored him with election to the 1916- 
1920 term of the Legislature, and the State's honor 
and credit will always be safe in the hands of 
such men as William Hartwell Kolb. He is 
one of the most careful and efficient members of 
the Legislature and has served with marked ability 
on the following committees : Penitentiary ; Fees 
and Salaries ; County Affairs ; Liquor Traffic ; In- 
surance. Mr. Kolb is a Democrat, a Deacon in the 
Presbyterian Church, and a member of the follow- 
ing fraternal societies: Odd Fellows, Knights 
Pythias, and Woodmen of the World. He has also 
served for four years as President of the Execu- 
tive Board of the State Farmers' Union. Mr. Kolb 
was married, March 24, 1891. at Nettleton, Missis- 
sippi, to Miss Lizie T. Boyd, daughter of Thade- 
ous and Kate (Metts) Boyd, of Nettleton. The 
Boyds came originally from Lawrence District, 
South Carolina. Of this marriage there have 
been born seven children, only two of whom 
are living: Lawrence Boyd, and James Richard, 



Pf^"r~ r; WILLIAM LEMMON COLEMAN BAILEY of 

Aberdeen, Representative from the County of 
Monroe, was born March 16, 1871, in that coun- 
1 ^ «*mii ty. His parents were James Asbury Bailey and 

Elizabeth Katherine (Armstrong) Bailey. His 
father's family were South Carolinians. His 
' father, who was the son of Coleman and Frances 
'#0\L (Shell) Bailey of Laurens District in that State, 

\ I ^§d was born October 29, 1818, at Laurens. He was 
\/"A ! 1| a teacher, and followed that profession after he 
V -,JI came to Mississippi in 1847. Here he was 

■ j elected County Surveyor, an office that he held 

tw^,._ .. for thirty years. For four years he served with 

great gallantry in the Confederate Army in Coni- 
William L. C. Bailey pany L of the 24th Regiment of Mississippi Volun- 

teers, of which he was Orderly Sergeant. The 
Bailey family is one of the best families of the 
state, having numerous branches that Immigrated 
to America in the days of the Colonies. Elizabeth 
Katherine (Armstrong) Bailey, mother of W. L. C. 
Bailey, was the daughter of James G. and Mary 
(Reneau) Armstrong of Monroe County. Mississippi. 
Mary Reneau Armstrong was born October 23, 1815, 
In North Alabama, removed to Mississippi In 
* 1840. and lived at Aberdeen until her death. 

Mr, Bailey was educated in the public achoolg 






LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



899 



of the State where he was carefully grounded 
in the English branches. He has had con- 
siderable experience in local politics, having held 
the office of County Surveyor from 1900 to 1905, 
and. been Supervisor of the Fifth Beat in his 
county for eight years, an office that he filled 
very capably. His interest in all public questions 
that effect Mississippi prestige and welfare caused 
him to yield to the solicitations of the voters of 
his county and become their Representative in the 
State Legislature. He is well equipped for his 
position and no truer man to the State's best in- 
terest occupies a seat in that body. For the 
term of 1916-1920 he is serving as a valuable 
member of the following committees: "Ways 
and Means; Railroads; Immigration and Labor; 
Federal Relations. He is a Democrat, a Metho- 
dist, a Master Mason, and a Woodman of the 
World, being Consul Commander of Post Oil 
Camp No. 405 Wren. He married Lallie May 
Word, April 1, 1915. She is the daughter of 
Charles and Mary Rebecca (Shell) Word of Mon- 
roe County, Mississippi. Charles Word served for 
years as a faithful Confederate soldier. His great- 
grandfather came from Ireland to Virginia, and 
during the Revoltuion was a. drummer boy in 
the Fifth Virginia Regiment, commanded by 
Colonel Charles Spotswood. 



ARNA ALFRED TUBB of Amory, Miss., Rep- 
resentative of Monroe County, was born June 
9, 1885, at Tubb's Cross-Roads. in Monroe County, 
Miss. He is the son of Alfred William Tubb 
and Nancy E valine (Seely) Tubb of Tubbs, Miss. 
Alfred William Tubb was a brave soldier in the 
Confederate Army and served from 1862 until 
the close of the Civil War. He took part in the 
Battle of Shiloh and in the siege of Vicksburg. 
His father, Benjamin Tubb and mother,, Sarah 
Colley Tubb, were residents of Smith County, 
Tenn. Benjamin Tubb was a native of South 



Carolina, Aber- 



District. Whei 



he removed to Tennessee with his father, Wilson 
Tubb, whose wife was Polley Benson, a near 
relative of Jefferson Davis. Arna Alfred Tubb's 
maternal grandfather, Spencer Wilson Seely was 
born in the Mississippi Territory, May 20, 1812. 
His father, Edward Rudolph Seely. who helped to 
survey the boundary line of Indiana, removed 
from Indiana to Mississippi with his wife, Mar- 
guerite Crosby Seely. The Tubb family has al- 
ways been among the progressive families of 
the State and has taken part in its social, eco- 
nomic and political development. Representative 
Tubb received his first scholastic training in the 



• IPN j 



■*, 



Xi i 



Arna A. Tubb 



900 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



public schools of Tubbs' Cross-Roads, which 
schools he attended until nineteen years of age. 
He afterwards attended Oakland College in 
Itawamba County, Miss., where he received the 
degree of A. B. in 1906. He subsequently took a 
course in bookkeeping at a Business College of 
Memphis, Tenn. Mr. Tubb has devoted many 
years to teaching in the counties of Monroe and 
Yalobusha. Miss. He was assistant Post-master 
at Armory for a numbber of years. Having be- 
come identified with the various activities of his 
section, he was induced to become a candidate 
for the Legislature and was elected in 1915, for 
the term of 1916-1920. Representative Tubb, in 
connection with his public duties, is combining 
the study of law at Millsaps College. His ambi- 
tions have been very laudable and his many 
friends prophesy for him a brilliant future of 
much usefulness to his State. In the Legisla- 
ture he is serving ably on the following com- 
mittees: Judiciary; Education; Railroads; Muni- 
cipalities. On June 13, 1915, Mr. Tubb was mar- 
ried to Hattie Vernon Jones, daughter of Mc- 
Laurin Fannin Jones and Laura Alice Crutcher 
Jones of Coffeeville. Miss. McLaurin Jones' 
father was McLaurin Hamilton Jones, born 
January 9, 1826, near Nashville, Tenn. He was 
a son of Albert Oakley Jones who was born in 
1780 in North Carolina, where he married a Miss 
Hamilton, who was a native of Pennsylvania, and 
a relative of Alexander Hamilton. Both were of 
Scotch-Irish descent. 



MONTGOMERY COUNTY. 




Elijah M. Thompson 



ELIJAH MARION THOMPSON, member of the 
House from Montgomery County, lives at 
Winona, Mississippi. He is the son of Thomas 
and Alcena Roberts (Watson) Thompson, and 
was born near Greensburg, Louisiana, May 30, 
1843. Thomas Thompson was the son of Jerry 
Nias and Sarah (Tolley) Thompson of Washing- 
ton Parish, Louisiana, where he was born. He 
lived in later life near Greensburg in that State. 
The mother of the subject of our sketch was 
the daughter of Willis and Elizabeth (Bennett) 
Watson of Greensburg, St. Helena Parish. 
Louisiana. Mr. Thompson was educated in the 
country schools of his native parish. At an 
early age he took up the occupation of farming, 
in which he has been engaged throughout life. 
During the Civil War he faithfully served the 
Confederacy as Second Sergeant of Company H. 
of the 27th Louisiana Regiment. He has had a 
great deal of experience in public life. From 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 901 



1870 to 1880 he served as Justice of the Peace; 
for four years he was a valuable member of the 
Board of Supervisors; for six years he -was 
Sheriff, and in 1911 was elected to the State 
Legislature, in which he served on the following 
committees: Liquor Traffic, Public Printing, 
Pensions, Census, and Appropriations. Always 
popular in his county and honored for the high 
position he had reached with few educational 
advantages, the people of his section have, time 
and again, placed him in public positions of 
trust. No man in the public service of the State 
Is more independent in his convictions, and his 
high sense of justice in dealing with the vari- 
ous state institutions has made- him trusted by 
all who have the State's welfare at heart. His 
constitutents were so well pleased with his re- 
cord that they re-elected him for the term of 
1916-1920. He now serves on the committees of 
Ways and Means; Corporations; Pensions of 
which he is chairman. He is a Democrat, a 
Mason and a Baptist. December 18, 1861, he 
was married to Sarah Elizabeth Holiman, daugh- 
ter of John and Susan (Castle) Holiman of 
Lodi, Choctow County, Mississippi. Their family 
consists of, — Mary Susan Thompson, Alcena Eu- 
genia (Thompson) Harpole, Dr. John Allen 
Thompson of Durmott, Arkansas, Christopher 
Trvin Thompson, and Pleasant Hamer Thomp- 
son. 



NESHOBA COUNTY. 

THOMAS BROWN WILLIAMS of Philadelphia. 
Mississippi, Representative from Neshoba County, 
was born in that County, near Edinburg, January 
24, 18S3. His father, Isiah Williams, was also 
born near Edinburg (Route 2), and has lived at 
Remus, Mississippi. The paternal grandparents of 
Thomas Brown "Williams were John P. and Sarah 
(McMichael) Williams, of Edinburg The family 
has long been in the Stale una has Been promi- 
nent in all movements for its social and civic ad- 
vancement. The Williams name is one of the 
early Colonial names of America and the various 
branches of the family have furnished numerous 
soldiers to the cause of American liberty. The 
maiden name of Representative Williams' mother 
was Jane Ballard. She was the daughter of Jack 
Ballard and Addie (McMurray) Ballard, who were 
residents of Remus, Mississippi. Mr. Williams ob- 
tained his education in the public schools of 
Coghlin. Remus and Edinburg, After completing 
his elementary education he took up a business 




Thomas B. Williams 



502 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



course to fit himself for a mercantile life; and in 
1899, at Marydelle, Mississippi, he began a suc- 
cessful business of selling general merchandise. 
With the exception of one year, 1900, during which 
he taught school at Remus, he has followed that 
occupation. From 1901 to 1909 he was located 
in Edinburg; he is now in West Philadelphia. 
While he was at Marydelle he served as Assistant 
Postmaster. By the year 1915 Mr. Williams had 
become so well and favorably known throughout 
his county that he was urged to enter the race 
for Representative and was the successful candi- 
date. He is independent of party leaders and fac- 
tions, and in his service to the State is not ac- 
tuated by any motives but those that promote 
Mississippi's welfare along both intellectual and ma- 
terial lines. In the House he has been placed on 
the following committees, where he has served 
with diligence and integrity : Appropriations ; 
Railroads ; Pensions. He belongs to the Democratic 
Party, is a member of the Baptist Church, a Mason 
and a Woodman of the World. On the 24th of 
June, 1911, at Philadelphia, .he was married to 
Katie Lee Webb, daughter of T. J. Webb and Mary 
(McCrory) Webb, of Neshota County. 



NEWTON COUNTY. 



9R3P33&1 



W. 



Nathan M. Everett 



NATHAN MORRIS EVERETT of Hickory, Rep- 
resentative from Xewton County, was born near- 
Hickory- on the 18th day of July, 1870. He is the 
son of Bailey Johnson Everett, who was also born 
near Hickory and lived there all his life. He 
served in the Confederate Army in the Civil War. 
The paternal grandparents of N. Morris Everett 
were John and Elizabeth (Hailey) Everett. The 
Everett family came originally from England and 
settled first in Georgia. From that State, Thomas 
Everett and his wife, Pennie (Rogers) Everett, 
great-grandparents of the subject of our sketch, 
came to South Mississippi. Lawrence County, and 
from there to New ion County, the present home 
of their descendants. The mother of Representa- 
tive Everett was, prior to her marriage, Anna Fara- 
lee Jolly, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth (John- 
son) Jolly, who lived near Hickory at the time 
of their daughter's marriage, but later removed to 
Arkansas. Mr. Everett obtained his early educa- 
tion in the public schools of Arkansas and Missis- 
sippi, which was supplemented by his reading 
and studying politics at home. He attended Hic- 
kory Institute for a time ami then matriculated. 
at the National Normal University of Lebanon, 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



90S 



Ohio, where he pursued both a business and a law 
course, graduating from there with the degree of 
LL. B. In 1896 he was admitted to the bar, but 
he did not begin the practice of his profession 
until 1901. In the meantime he occupied himself 
with teaching school. In addition to his law prac- 
tice he has been an able editor of a newspaper at 
Hickory since 1901. During this time he became 
very influential in his community, but did not be- 
come a candidate for office until 1912, when he was 
elected to the State Legislature. He then took an 
active part in legislation and is one of the strong 
members of that body. He is the author of the 
present Mississippi Age of Consent Law for the 
protection of womanhood, which raises the age 
from twelve to fourteen years. He advocated 
such progressive measures as the Guaranty Bank- 
ing Law, Parcel Post, Government Ownership of 
Railroads, Rural Credit System, and government aid 
in marketing farm produce. In 1915 he was re- 
elected to serve from 1916 to 1920 and his staunch 
ideals of honesty, truth and justice make him a 
worthy and safe representative of his people. For 
this term he has been placed upon the following 
committees : Rules ; Judiciary ; Appropriations ; Cor- 
porations ; Ways and Means, of which latter he is 
Chairman. Mr. Everett is a Jeffersonian Demo- 
crat, and has served his party as delegate to sev- 
eral conventions. He is past Chancellor of the 
Knights of Pythias, and a Columbian Woodman ; 
was a delegate from Mississippi to Eminent House- 
hold in 1914, and is a member of same. On 
Christmas Day, 1898, at Desarc, -Arkansas, he was 
married to Hattie Leona Livesay, daughter of 
William T. and Ophelia Livesay of that place. The 
Livesays came from England to Virginia; thence 
they removed to Tennessee, and finally settled in 
Arkansas. Mrs. Livesay's people came to Arkan- 
sas from North Carolina. Mr. and Mrs. Everett 
have four children : Livesay Morris, sixteen years 
old, Noble Heber, twelve, Olin William, nine, and 
Merlene, seven. 



BENNIE WARREN DEARING of Newton, who 
represents Newton County, was born near that 
town on the 9th day of April in 1880. He bears 
the full name of his father, who was born near 
Atlanta, Georgia, and removed to Mississippi in 
1858. Bennie Warren Dearing, Sr.. was ordained 
in Newton as a Baptist preacher. He assumed 
the pastorate of the Bethel Church, near Newton. 
and served the people of that congregation until 
his death, December 1. 1891. During the Civil 
War he served as a Confederate soldier in Com- 



- A 




Bennie W. Dearing 



&04 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



pany G, 8th Miss. Regiment of Infantry. To every 
call that a varied life demanded he responded with 
faithful service. When they came to America, the 
Dearings first settled in Xorth Carolina. Thence 
they removed, some to Georgia, others to Alabama. 
The grandfather of Representative Dearing, Samuel 
Malon Dearing, came from Georgia to Mississippi 
with his son, the Reverend B. W. Dearing, Rep- 
resentative Dealing's mother was, in her girlhood, 
Margaret Frances Simmons, and was the daughter 
of Charles and Annis (McClendand) Simmons of 
Newton County. Mr. Dearing obtained his educa- 
tion in the public schools of Newton County having 
among his teachers Prof. Anthony and Prof. James 
Roebuck. Nominated over six worthy candidates, 
he was elected to the House of Representatives In 
1915 for the term of 1916-20. As a member of 
the House he has constantly advocated the applying 
of business principles to the task of running the 
state government He is a thoughtful and pains- 
taking public official and has served with diligence 
and marked ability upon the following committees : 
Agriculture ; Registrations and Elections ; County 
Affairs ; Roads, Ferries and Bridges. Mr. Dear- 
ing is an enthusiastic Democrat, a member of the 
Baptist Church, and is Pretorian of Liberty Lodge 
896, Woodmen of the World. In 190 4, December 
29th, Mr. Dearing was united in marriage to Allie 
D. Gary, at her home at Poplar Springs, five miles 
from Newton. She is the daughter of Marvin and 
Mary (Tom) Gary. Her maternal grandfather, 
Dennis Welch, was a Confederate soldier in the 
Civil War, where he rendered faithful service. Mr. 
and Mrs. Dearing have four children : Bennie Mar- 
vin, Lamar Edison, Charles Franklin, and Thurman 
Gary. 



NOXUBEE COUNTY. 



r 



^iv:..-^ 1 !.^^:^ 



THOMAS WEBB BRAME of Macon, Noxubee 

County, Miss., was born October 18, 1S30, near 

Greensboro, Hale County, Ala., the son of Charles 

g&Sf^B* - Edward Brame, of Petersburg, Va., who was a 

graduate of Frinceton University, and a veteran of 

the Mexican and Civil Wars. Mr. Brame's mother 

was Mary Frances (Webb) Brame. daughter of 

Thomas Webb and Martha Brown Webb. He is of 

Scotch and Welsh descent, his ancestors settling 

%\u I originally in Virginia. The family coat-of-arms 

bears the motto. "Be what you appear to be." 

Judge Brame received his early education from his 

father; attended Southern University, Greensboro, 

Thomas W. Brame Ala - ' was graduated in 1871 with degree of P. B. ; 



4 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



905 



studied law and was admitted to practice-in 1873 at 
DeKalb. Miss., where he practiced for ten years : 
he then removed to Scranton. and again to Shef- 
field, Ala. ; is at present engaged in law practice at 
Macon. Miss. : was Justice of the Peace in 1876 ; 
elected to the House of Representatives, November 
7, 1911, and was returned in 1915. A short sketch 
for public record could hardly do justice to Thomas 
Webb Brame. A tenacious fighter for every good 
that pertains to the welfare of Mississippi he is at 
the same time kindly and considerate in his manner 
toward those who disagree with him. His earnest- 
ness and zeal are only equalled by his high sense 
of justice and loyalty to every high, ideal. Missis- 
sippi has never had in her public service a more 
thoughtful, fearless and able representative. Judge 
Brame is a Democrat, a Deacon in the Baptist 
Church, and an Odd Fellow. On January 6, 1875. he 
was married, at Fannin, Miss., to Olivia Elizabeth 
Ellis, daughter of Jesse and Martha Loftin Ellis. 
Judge and Mrs. Brame have three children : Martha 
Webb, Alfred Ellis, and Julius. In the session of 
1911, Judge Brame was a member of the following 
committees : Fees and Salaries ; Railroads ; Judi- 
ciary ; Library ; State Offices. In the present body 
he is a member of committees on Judiciary; Ways 
and Means; Railroads; Liquor Traffic", 



CLINTON EDWARDS DORROH. Representative 
from the County of Noxubee, resides at Macon, 
Mississippi. He was born April 3, 1887, at Shu- 
qualak in the county where he now lives. His par- 
ents are Chastian Brackett Dorroh and Nellie 
Jane (Edwards) Dorroh. The father, Chastian B. 
Dorroh, was born at Mashulaville, Noxubee County. 
After his marriage he removed to Gholson, Missis- 
sippi, where he engaged in the mercantile business 
and farming. Later he removed to Shuqualak, 
where his son, Clinton Edwards was born. There he 
continued to follow the occupations of farmer and 
merchant until the year 1895, when he removed 
to Macon, where he was for a number of years, 
cashier of the Bank of Macon. The parents of 
Chastian B. Dorroh were William and Eliza Ann 
Evans Dorroh. The family is of Welsh descent. 
The mother of Clinton Edwards Dorroh is also 
of Welsh blood, making Representative Dorroh a 
direct descendant of one of the purest and oldest 
races that inhabit the British Isles. His mother's 
maiden name was Willie Jane Edwards, and she 
was the daughter of Elisha and Jane (Nealy) 
Edwards of Kellis Store. Kemper County, Missis- 
sippi, the family having been among the early 
Settlers of the State. Mr. Dorroh was educated in 




Clinton E. Dorroh 



906 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



the rural, schools of Kemper County, and in the 
public schools of Shuqualak and of Macon. For 
three years he was a student at the A. & M. College, 
and later entered the University of Mississippi, 
graduating in the law class of 1914 with the degree 
of LL. B. He was admitted to the bar in that 
same year, and began the practice of law in Oc- 
tober at Macon, where he still has his office. A 
year later he was elected to the State Legislature 
to serve from 1916 to 1920. and has already- 
given promise of being an able Representative. He 
has served with exceptional ability on the following 
committees : Judiciary ; Eleemosynary Institutions ; 
Military Affairs. Mr. Dorroh is a member of the 
Democratic Party. He has had considerable mili- 
tary experience, having enlisted in the Mississippi 
National Guard on July 19. 1912, where he has 
filled the offices of First Lieutenant and Adjutant. 
He is a Baptist, and a member of the Knights of 
Pythias and the Delta Tau Delta fraternity. He 
is unmarried. 

Representative Dorroh is now in the military 
service of his country in her struggle to free the 
world from tyranny and oppression. 



PRINCE DE WITT HUBBARD. Member of the 
House from Noxubee County, has his home at 
Shuqualak in that County. He was born May 
4, 1885, at Hashuqua, near Gholson, Noxubee 
County. He is the son of Walter Jones Hubbard 
and Margaret (Finch) Hubbard. His paternal 
grandparents were Elijah Jones Hubbard and 
Mary (Mangum) Hubbard, of Atlanta, Fulton 
County, Georgia, where his father, Walter Jones 
Hubbard, was born. In IS 46 the family removed 
to Hopevile, Georgia, where they lived until 1856. 
At the opening of the Civil War. Walter Jones 
Hubbard, then a youth of only fourteen years, 
enlisted in the 35th Mississippi Regiment of the 
Confederate Army. He was taken prisoner at the 
Siege of Vicksburg, but escaped and re-enlisted. 
At Nashville, Tennp='pp, he was again captured 
and was sent to the Federal prison at Camp Doug- 
las, where he was detained until the close of the 
War. From 1870 to 1887 he resided at Hashuqua. 
where his son Prince De Witt was born ; from 
1887 to 1889, he lived at Meridian, Mississippi; 
and from 1889 to date at Shuqualak. The mother 
of the subject of this sketch. Margaret (Finch) 
Hubbard, is the daughter of Enoch Finch and 
Elizabeth (Stokes) Finch, who lived in the coun- 
try near Eutaw, Alabama to which place they re- 
moved when it was a part of the Mississippi Ter- 
ritory. Prince De Witt Hubbard was educated In 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 907 



the Shuqualak High School, where he received a 
good education in the English branches. Since he 
was ten years old he has been associated with 
his father in the mercantile business at Shuqualak, 
and has met with much success in that work. 
Mr. Hubbard's deep interest in all public questions 
led him into public life, where he could extend 
his labors for the good of his state. Popular 
and influential with the people, in 1915. he was 
elected a member of the State Legislature to 
serve from 1916 to 1920. His long experience 
In business has well fitted him to master the de- 
tails of legislative work, and he has served with 
much ability on the following committees : Cor- 
porations ; Census and Apportionment : Peniten- 
tiary I County Affairs : Propositions and Griev- 
ances. Mr. Hubbard is a Presbyterian, and is a 
member and Past Master of Slaughter Lodge No. 
285 of the F. & A. M. On June 12, 1910. at Near 
Point, Louisiana, he was married to Cuba Sarah 
Terry, daughter of Robert Fulton Terry and Ma- 
lissa Ann (Dixon) Terry of Near Point. 



OKTIBBEHA COUNTY. 




JOSEPH SMITH RICE of Starkville. Repre- 
sentative from Oktibbeha County, was born Dec. 
30, 1888, and is the son of Dr. Arthur H. Rice 
and Francis M. (Smith) Rice. He comes of dis- 
tinguished families on both sides of the house. 
Doctor Rice, son of John W. and Augusta (Hop- 
kins) Rice, was reared in Talladiga, Alabama, but 
spent a portion of each surnmei on his father's 
plantation in Oktibbeha County. Mississippi. He 
attended school in Mobile, and when fourteen years 
of age went to Europe, where he studied for three 
years in France and two years in Germany. On 
his return to the United States he took a course 
in medicine at the Mobile Medical College, where 

he was graduated in 1873. and then took post Joseph S. Rice 

graduate work at various institutions and prac- 
ticed until 1875, when, on account of failing health 
he returned to his plantation, where, with the ex- 
ception of two years that he spent practicing in 
Mobile, he has resided ever since, engaged in 
practicing medicine, planting and stock raising. 
During the sessions of 189 4 and 1896 he repre- 
sented his county in the State Legislature. Doctor 
Rice's father and mother were natives of South 
Carolina and Alabama, respectively. When a young 
man, John W. Rice removed with his parents 
to Alabama, where he engaged in planting. He 
served for one year in the Mexican "War. inherited 
a large estate in Oktibbeha County, Mississippi, 



908 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

and settled there for the remainder of his life. At 
the time of his death, in 1857. he was a member 
of the State Senate. His wife* was the daughter 
of Arthur F. Hopkins, a distinguished statesman 
of Alabama, and at one time Chief Justice of 
that State. In 1879 Doctor Rice was married to 
the mother of the subject of this sketch. She was 
Francis McFarland Smith, a native of Charlestown, 
Massachusetts, daughter of Joseph H. and Harriet 
(McFarland) Smith, the father of Vermont; and 
the mother of Massachusetts. Mr. Smith when a 
young man came to Mobile, where he was engaged 
as clerk and was in the Confederate service. 
After the war he became Division Superintendent 
of the Mexican Central Railroad, and was later 
put in charge of the railroad hotel system of the 
Southern Pacific. He was first cousin of Senator 
Justin Morrill of Vermont. Joseph Smith Rice, 
Representative in the 1916-20 term of the Legisla- 
ture received his early education in the rural 
schools of his count? and afterwards attended 
French Camp Academy where he was graduated 
in 1905. He also attended Chamberlin Hunt Aca- 
demy and the University of Mississippi, graduating 
from the latter institution in 1910 with the degree 
of B. S. He received the Bible History Medal and 
oratorical medal from Chamberlin Hunt Academy 
and the Freshman oratorical medal from the Uni- 
versity of Mississippi. He studied law at Cumberland 
University Law School receiving the LL. B. degree 
June 1914. He began the practice of law in Septem- 
ber of the same year in Starkville where he has 
built up a successful practice. He soon became 
widely knowr throusrh his profession and his deep 
interest in the welfare of the taxpayers of his County 
led him to seek a position where he could better 
serve their interests in assisting in making the 
laws that affected both the city and rural com- 
munities. He was elected to the Mississippi Legis- 
lature in 1915 and is, serving with marked ability on 
f* the following committees: Judiciary: Education; 

Census and Apportionment : Registrations and Elec- 
tions ; Manufactures ; Military Affairs. Representa- 
tive Rice is a Democrat and was a member of the 
Oktibbeha County Democratic Committee from 1912 
to 1916. He is a member of the Delta Tau Delta 
fraternity and is also a Mason. 

JOHN" DANIEL GREENE, JR., Representative 
from Oktibbeha County, resides at Sturgis, Missis- 
sippi. He was born at Chester, in Choctaw County, 
Mississippi. March 2, 1892. His father. Richard 
Henry Greene, was also born in Choctaw County. 
He is the *><n of Henry L. Greene. Representative 
John D. Greene, Jr. Greene's paternal ancestors came from Ireland and 




LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



909 



settled in Virginia at an early date, later going to 
South Carolina. His grandfather removed from 
South Carolina to Mississippi early in life, set- 
tling near Louisville, in this State. The Greene 
family was one of the most numerous and prom- 
inent of the Colonial States and various branches 
emigrated from Ireland, England and Scotland. 
John Daniel Greene's family having come from Ire- 
land. Representative Greene obtained his early 
education in the public schools of his County. He 
was reared on a farm, where it was necessary for 
him to work, and he had to depend on his own 
efforts to secure his schooling. After completing 
his common school course he taught successfully for 
two years in the public schools of Oktibbeha 
County, reading law in his leisure moments. He 
then attended the University of Mississippi for 
awhile, and was admitted to the bar in 1914. He 
began the practice of his profession at Sturgis. 
Mississippi, June 25, 1915 and soon became in- 
fluential with the people of his County. His 
high standing in the community is shown by the 
fact that in the fall of 1915 he was elected to 
the State Legislature to serve from 1916 to 192u. 
Mr. Greene, although one of the youngest men in 
the Lower House, has shown talent, ability and 
integrity in dealing with the affairs of state. 
He has done promising work as a member of the 
committees on : Judiciary , Constitution ; Appro- 
priations ; Banks and Banking ; Registrations and 
Elections, serving the latter Committee as Chair- 
man. Mr. Greene is a Democrat and a member of 
the Baptist Church. He is not yet married. 



PANOLA COUNTT. 



*S^fe, I 



ALBERT SIDNEY KYLE of Batesville. Fanola ^^^^^ ^^ 

County, Miss., was born February 27. 1854, at P ' -' vfe«. 

Sardis, Miss., and is the son of James Monroe 
Kyle and Susannah (Curtis) Kyle. His ancestors 
came to America from Ayrshire, Scotland, in 1733, 
and settled in Pennsylvania, and later in Virginia. 
Thomas Kyle, a paternal ancestor, was a colonel 
in the Army of the Revolution and was severely 
wounded at tne Battle of Cowpens. The father of 
A S. Kyle enlisted in the first Confederate company 
that was organized in Panola County, but on ac- 
count of physical disabilities could not serve : he 
however entered the military service of the Con- 
federacy at a later period and rendered faithful 
service until the close of hostilities. Mr. Kyle at- 
tended the primary schools of Panola County ; he 
has been a farmer ever since early manhood ; 




Albert S. Kyle 



910 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



was elected to the House of Representatives from 
Panola County in 1899, and served as Chairman of 
the Committee on Appropriations ; re-elected Nov- 
ember 3, 1903. In the House of 1904-06, he was 
a member of the following committees : Ways and 
Means, Benevolent Institutions (Chairman), Rail- 
roads, Pensions, Public Lands. He was elected to 
the Senate November 7, 1911. In the sessions of 
1912-14, he was a member of the following com- 
mittees: Finance, Agriculture, Commerce and Manu- 
factures ; Claims ; County Affairs ; Unfinished Busi- 
ness. In November. 1915, Senator Kyle was elected 
to the House of Representatives, as the people 
wished to secure his valuable services in that branch 
of the Legislature. He is considered one of the 
ablest men of the Legislature and being one of 
its oldest members in point of service, his opinion 
on any question is eagerly sought. During his 
long service to the state he has left his impress 
on much of the most important legislation enacted 
during the past eighteen years. He serves with 
distinguished ability on the following committees : 
Rules ; Claims ; Public Health and Quarantine ; 
Banks and Banking ; Drainage. In political af- 
filiation Mr. Kyle is a Democrat ; has served on 
County Committees ; member of Cumberland Pres- 
byterian Church, (Elder), he is a Mason, Knight of 
Pythias and Knight of Honor. Mr. Kyle was 
married January 28, 1885, at Sardis, Miss., to Mary 
Frank Heflin, daughter of W. D. Heflin and Mary 
(McLaurin) Heflin of Sardis, Miss. Mrs. Kyle and 
two children died in 1904. Senator Kyle has 
five living children : Mary Heflin, Susie Munro, 
John William, Albert Sidney, Jr., and Franklin Mc- 
Kenzte. 



FELIX HEZEKIAH NELSON of Pope, Missis- 
sippi, Representative from Panola County, was 
%:P <••*, \ born September 17, 1872, at Old Panola, Panola 

I County. His parents were Jeremiah Nelson and 
^ ^"* Margaret Narcissus (Rhodes) Nelson. The father. 

^.^ j Jeremiah Nelson, was also born at Old Fanola, 

and spent his entire life there, with the exception 
of his four years of faithful service as a Confeder- 
ate soldier during the Civil War. He also served 
as magistrate of Beat 4, of Panola County. The 
mother, Margaret Narcissus (Rhodes) Nelson, was 
the daughter of Hezekiah Rhodes and Mary Rhodes, 
who lived at Pope, Mississippi. The Nelson fam- 
ily is an old Mississippi family to which State 
Felix H. Nelson they came from the older Southern States. Mr. 

Nelson obtained his education in the public schools 
of Pope and of Eureka, Mississippi. June 1, 1906, 
he entered the mercantile business at Pope, where 



f 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 911 



he has since resided. He has served as Marshal; 
of his village, and as Tax Collector from 1906 to 
1910, filling both offices to the entire satisfaction 
of the voters. He takes an interest in agricultural 
as well as political affairs, and is a valuable mem- 
ber of the Farmers' Union. Through his good 
work in his county for all community improve- 
ment and efforts to advance the agricultural in- 
terests of his section he became widely known 
among the voters of his County and was elected 
to serve in the Lower House of the State Legis- 
lature from 1916 to 1920. He is in every way 
worthy of the honor bestowed upon him. has proved 
himself a careful, thoughtful legislator and has 
fully met the expectations of his constituents by 
his valuable work on the following committees: 
Corporations ; Census and Apportionment ; Regis- 
trations and Elections ; Eleemosynary Institutions ; 
Engrossed Bills. He has long been prominent in the 
Democratic Party, having served on the Executive 
Committee of his County from 1911 to 1915. He 
is active in Church work, is a member of the M. E. 
Church South, a Sunday School teacher and Secre- 
tary and Treasurer of the Sunday School. Decem- 
ber 31, 1901, at Eureka Springs, Mississippi, he 
was married to Maude Alma Selby, daughter of 
Philip Hawker Selby and Margaret Rebecca (Hull) 
Selby of that place. They have three children. 
Jewel, Merle and Maxine. 



ROBERT TAYLOR KEYS of Sardis. Representa- , — ! __ 
tive from Panola County, was born at Cold Springs. | 
in that County, March 13, 1890. He is the son of 
George Thomas Keys and Mary Jane (Miller) 
Keys. George Thomas Keys is the son of Charles 
Matthew and Mary Keys, who lived at Petersburg. 
Virginia before they came to Pontotoc County. 
Mississippi, and he was born at Pontotoc in that 
County. Previous to and immediately following 
the Civil War he lived at Lafayette Springs, La- 
fayette County, Mississippi. During the "War he 
enlisted, at Oxford, in Company A, 20th Mississippi 
Regiment, "Walthall's Brigade, and took part in *-.■•.; 
the Battles of Chickamauga and Lookout Moun- 
tain. He was captured at Lookout Mountain and Robert T. Keys 
held prisoner at Rock Island, Illinois, until the 
close of the War. His ancestors came from En- 
gland in the early days of the Revolution, and set- 
tled at Petersburg, Virginia. They have always 
been among the- ardent patriots of America. Mary 
Jane (Miller) Keys, mother of the subject of our 
sketch, is the daughter of Chrfstenburg and Eliza- 
beth Bost Miller of Concord, Cabarras County, 
North Carolina, where the ancestors of the family 



£ 



912 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



settled on coming- here from Holland. Representa- 
tive Keys, who is one of that splendid body of 
young Representatives who form a large contin- 
gent of the Mississippi Legislature, attended the 
public schools at Cold Springs and Panola and the 
Panola High School at Sardis, where his principal 
was Professor B. TV. Gowdy. In 1912 lie began 
teaching at Bluff, in Panola County ; he taught 
successfully for three years at Fredonia, and also 
taught at Harmon and Lespideza in Panola County. 
In September, 1915, Mr. Keys entered Millsaps Col- 
lege, and it was while he was a student there that 
he was honored with the office of State Representa- 
tive for 1916-1920, a position in which he has al- 
ready proved his ability by his good work on the 
following committees : Appropriations ; Education ; 
Immigration and Labor. In his service to the State 
Representative Keys subordinates personal welfare 
to the public good. He is fearless, in his opposition 
to any influence that would retard the higher edu- 
cational advancement of Mississippi, is just to every 
State institution and labors for the good of all. 
He is a public official of great promise and has a 
bright career ahead of him. Mr. Keys is a Demo- 
crat and a Methodist. At the age of fourteen he 
was chosen steward of his church and served eight 
years in that office. He is still unmarried. 



PEARL RIVER COUNTY. 




Jess E. Stockstill 



JESS EMERSON STOCKSTILL of Picayune 
Mississippi, Representative from Pearl River 
County, was born November 12, 1884, near Nichol- 
son, Hancock County, Mississippi. His father, 
George Washington Stockstill, was also born in 
that county, near Gainesville, and lived there until 
after the War. July, 1861, G. W. Stockstill en- 
listed in the Gainesville Rifles of the Confederate 
Army. He served at the Siege and Battle of Vicks- 
burg. His father. Thomas Stockstill, was of Scotch- 
Irish descent and a native of South Carolina, but 
came to Mississippi in 1840, and married Harriet 
Warden. After the War, G. W. Stockstill removed 
to Nicholson, Mississippi, where he became a mer- 
chant, farmer and stock raiser. Frances Annie 
Stockstill, mother of the subject of our sketch, was 
born in Jackson County, Florida ; her maiden name 
was Smith. Jordan Smith, her father, was a rich 
slave holder, who removed to Mississippi in 18 45, 
bringing his slaves with him, and settled near 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 913 



Gainesville. He and his wife, Frances Ann (Whit- 
field) Smith, were both of Scotch descent: their 
parents came from Scotland to the southern coast 
of Florida during: the period of colonial settlement. 
He served as a soldier in the Indian Wars, includ- 
ing the Seminole, that being the last one in which 
he took part. Mr. Stockstill obtained his early edu- 
cation in the rural schools of Hancock County. He 
was graduated with distinction from the Poplar- 
ville High School in 1906. During the time of his 
attendance there he was a teacher in Hancock 
County, teaching in summer schools to secure money 
to pursue his education. After completing high 
school he taught at Picayune and became very 
prominent as one of the progressive members of 
the teaching profession. He did much toward put- 
ting reform ideas in practice, in the improvement of 
rural schools in the matter of grading, building, 
and consolidation. In 1907 he entered the Law 
Department of the University of Mississippi, and 
completed his course in 1909, with the LL. B. degree. 
In February of that year he began the practice of 
his profession at Picayune. He now has an exten- 
sive practice covering Hancock and Harrison Coun- 
ties, and reaching into the State of Louisiana. He 
is City Attorney of Picayune. Being admirably 
fitted to take part in all legislat : on bearing on pub- 
lic questions concerning the state he yielded to the 
request of the people and became a candidate for 
the Legislature. He was elected to serve in that 
body from 1916 to 1920, where his well trained 
legal mind and high sense of justice have made him 
a valuable member of the Committees on Judiciary ; 
Constitution ; Appropriations ; Education ; Banks 
and Banking. Mr. Stockstill is a Democrat and 
a Baptist. He belongs to the Knights of Pythias 
and the Woodmen of the World, in both of which 
he has held office. December 20, 1914 he married 
Inez Agnes Herrington, daughter of Reverend Oscar 
N. Herrington and Drucilla (Evans) Herrington, 
of Wiggins, Mississippi. Rev. Herrington is one 
of the foremost Baptist preachers of his State. 
He was born in Jones County, attended Mississippi 
College and has been in the work twenty-three 
years. His wife is of English-Dutch descent, and 
her family has shared in the best social and civic 
development of Mississippi since its residence in the 
^tate. 



58— M 



di4 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



PERRY COUNTY. 




Gabriel D. Draughn 



GABRIEL DANTZLER DRAUGHN of New Au- 
gusta, Representative from Perry County, was born 
April 14. 1854, near Augusta, Perry County. Missis- 
sippi. He is the son of Rufus T. and Sabry Ann 
(Davis) Draughn, who came from South Carolina 
in 1819 and first settled near the place where their 
son was born and reared. The Draughns -came 
to Mississippi with that tide of splendid pioneer 
emigration that flowed southward from the Caro- 
linas to help make up some of the finest com- 
munities of the State. Representative Draughn 
grew up on his father's farm, and was educated 
in the schools of his community during and after 
the Civil War. He has continued to reside in the 
community where he was born and has always 
followed the occupation of farming in which he is 
intensely interested. He is one of the prominent 
farmers of his district. From 1908 to 1912 he 
served as a member of the Board of Supervisors 
of Perry County, an office in which he gave entire 
satisfaction. Having become widely known in his 
community for his good business sense and high 
ideals of public service he was at the solicitation 
of the voters of his county induced to enter State 
politics. In 1915 he was elected to the House of 
Representatives of Mississippi, and has been an 
able member of the following committees : Agri- 
culture ; Fees and Salaries ; Federal Relations ; 
Liquor Traffic ; Propositions and Grievances. Mr.. 
Draughn is a Democrat, a member of the Baptist 
Church, a Mason and a Woodman of the World. 
He was married December 1, 1875 to Jane James, 
daughter of Phillip James and his wife, Mary 
(Smith) James. They had four children, Susie, 
Cora, Rufus Ford and India. His first wife died 
in February 1888. He later married Katie Hinton. 
daughter of William Hinton and Martha (Everett) 
Hinton. They had three children, Ralph, Martha, 
and Hinton James. His wife died November 15, 
1893, and he was again married January 11, 1897, 
to Martha Elizabeth Carpenter, daughter of James 
Carpenter and Martha (Hinton) Carpenter. They 
have three children, Blanche, Liston and Prosper. 







LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 91$ 

PTKE COUNTY. 

JOSEPH ELIAS NORWOOD of Magnolia. Pike 
County, Miss., was born May 5, 1S73. at Richland 
Plantation, East Feliciana Parish, La. ; the son of 
Joseph Elias Norwood and Ann Lucretia (Godfry) 
Norwood. His father was a gallant soldier in the 
Confederate army and his paternal grandfather 
served as Probate Judge of his parish. His ma- \^ 

ternal grandfather. Rev. James A. Godfry, was a \ 

presiding elder in th% Mississippi Conference for- / 

thirty-two consecutive years. His paternal an- 
cestors were from England ; his maternal, from 
Scotland. Mr. Norwood was educated in the 
public schools of Mississippi ; took collegiate liter- 
ary course in Southern University, Greensboro, Ala., Joseph E. Norwood 
received degree of LL. B. from Vanderbilt Univer- 
sity in 1894 ; was admitted to the bar at Magnolia, 
Miss., in July 1895 ; practised as partner witli 
Judge James H. Price three years ; served as a 
member of the Board of Alderman. 1S98 to 1906; 
elected Mayor of Magnolia in 1910 and is one of 
the most vigorous and fluent editorial writers of 
the State, never dealing in cheap sensationalism. 
but always maintaining high standards of truth 
and justice. Mr. Norwood has enjoyed representa- 
tion in both houses of the Mississippi Legislature, 
having been elected to the Senate in 1911. Few 
men who have occupied a seat in that assembly 
have impressed the peopie more favorably than 
this fearless and able leader. Upon all questions 
that touch the vital interests of the State his 
championship is sought and throughout his career 
as a representative of the people, he has always 
proved a winner. With a dominant note of chal- 
lenge, he combines the gift to defend any position 
he takes. It is due to his advocacy that many re- 
form and progressive measures have been enacted 
by the Legislature. Mr. Norwood is capable of 
filling any position within the gift of the people. 
He is a Democrat and was Secretary of. Pike 
County Executive Committee, 13GG <.^> 1311, u.ud was 
elected to the Senate, November 7, 1911. He is a 
member of the Methodist Church, a Mason, a Wood- 
man of the World, ajid an Elk. He is now the 
editor and proprietor of the Magnolia Gazette. 
On December 9, 1896, at Camden, Madison County, 
Miss., he was married to Kittie Maxwell, daughter 
of Willis Leander and Frances (Thornhill) Max- 
well. He was in the 1912-14 sessions of the Legis- 
lature a member of the following Committees. 
Judiciary, To Investigate State Officers, Printing 



916 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 




Sfe^jf^H^ 



Fenelon D. Hewitt 



(Chairman), Rules, County Affairs, Humane and 
Benevolent Institutions, Penitentiary and Prisons. 
He is now serving on the following' committees : 
Rules ; Appropriations : Public Printing ; Judiciary, 
serving the latter as its chairman. 



FEXELOX DOBYXE HEWITT of McComb City, 
Mississippi. Representative from Pike County, was 
born near Smithdale in Amite County, Mississippi, 
February 26, 1883. His father. Thomas Jefferson 
Hewitt, was born near Smithdale, Amite County, 
Mississippi, and has always lived there. His 
mother's maiden name was Emily Lofiin ; she was 
the daughter of James Lofiin and Elizabeth Lofiin 
of McComb City, Mississippi. Their families were 
among the early settlers of the State and the 
various members have always borne their part in 
all the best movements for the advancement of 
both social and civic welfare. Representative Hew- 
itt obtained his early education at the Mars Hill 
Public School in Amite County, near Smithdale, 
where he was carefully prepared for college. He 
then attended Millsaps College where he gradu- 
ated with honors in 1905. He afterwards attended 
the University of Mississippi at Oxford, from which 
he was graduated in 190 7 with the degree of 
LL. ' B. Well equipped for a successful ca- 
reer he began the practice of his profession that 
same year at McComb City. From 1909 to 1915 
he was Judge of the Police Court, an office that 
he conducted with justice, fairness, sound common 
sense and excellent legal ability. Having become 
popular in his section in 1915 he was elected to 
serve in the Lower House of the State Legisla- 
ture, where he has been an able and constructive 
member of the following committees: Judiciary; 
Ways and Means; Railroads; Roads, Ferries <nd 
Bridges; Constitution, of which latter he is Chair- 
man. Representative Hewitt is a prominent mem- 
ber of the Democratic Party having served on 
the Executive Committee of his County, and as 
Chairman of the Executive Committee of his city. 
He is a Baptist, a Knight Templar and a Shriner. 
He is fearless, open-minded and fair to his op- 
ponents and has a high sense of justice. Decem- 
ber 15, 1909 he married Ada Virginia Jackson, at 
Hillside Farm, Amite County, Mississippi. She is 
the daughter of Thomas Nathaniel Jackson and 
Alice Jackson of Thompson, Mississippi. Mr. and 
Mrs. Hewitt have two children, Billie and Mary 
Ellen. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 917 

PONTOTOC COUNTY. 



3 




WILLIAM THOMAS STEGALL, whose address "^ 

is Box 56, R. F. D. 1, Pontotoc, Mississippi, is . ■ - ■ \ 

representative from the County of Pontotoc. He 
is the son of James Morrison Stegall and Mary 
Griffin Stegall, and was born May 19, 1857, in 
Pontotoc County. His father. James Morrison j? 

Stegall, was born July 20, 1S30. at Concord, Ca- . t ^-.1, 

barrus County, North Carolina, but removed in 

1835 to Mississippi, with his parents. Gerry M. ^" ' ~j/\ 

Stegall and Margaret C. (Morrison) Stegall. % a ~* 

During the Civil War he served as a gallant 
Confederate soldier in the 41st Mississippi Regi- 
ment, Company A. His grandfather Stegall came 

to America from Wales in 1784, and his grand- William T. Stegall 

mother from Scotland in 1776. The maiden name 
of Representative Stegall's mother was Mary 
Griffin; she was the daughter of William Gray 
Griffin and Betty Ann (Hayney) Griffin of Union 
County, North Carolina. Her grandfather Grif- 
fin came from Ireland in 1790, and her grand- 
mother Griffin came from Scotland. Representa- 
tive Stegall is therefor of pure Celtic descent, 
his ancestors being Scotch, Irish or Welsh, races 
that have given strength and fibre to the Am- 
erican people. Until he was twenty years of 
age Mr. Stegall pursued his education in the 
free schools of Pontotoc County. He is a farmer 
by occupation and has been successful in all 
his undertakings and is very popular with the 
people of his section. He is one of our most 
prominent legislators, having served in the 
Lower House almost continuously since tTie year 
1896. It would be impossible in this brief sketch 
to record Representative Stegall's valuable serv- 
ice to the State of Mississippi. He has always 
been independent of political factions when 
questions that concerned the State's true wel- 
fare were involved. He is honorable, and just 
and faithful to his friends, and one of the most 
effective speakers of the body. He is now serving 
with much ability upon the following commit- 
tees: Ways and Means; Railroads: Eleemosynary 
Institutions; Drainage. Mr. Stegall belongs to 
the Democratic Party and to the Baptist Church, 
of which he is clerk. He is a bachelor. 



. 










































/ 



918 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



THOMAS JEFFERSON WINGO 




Thomas J. Wingo 



THOMAS JEFFERSON WINGO, of Toccopola, 
Miss., was born January 8, 1856, near Spring- 
ville, Pontotoc County, Miss. He is the son of 
Oliver Perry Wingo, a native of Spartanburg, 
South Carolina, who removed to Mississippi and 
located near Springville. He was a gallant 
Confederate soldier and. after the war, he re- 
turned home and engaged in farming and stock- 
raising, also serving his county as Supervisor 
of the third district. Dr. Wingo's mother was 
Martha Brown of Blount County, Alabama and 
both his parents were respected and beloved by 
a wide circle of friends. Dr. Wingo received his 
early education in the schools of Pontotoc 
County; was graduated in the session of 1879-80 
from the Medical Department of Vanderbilt 
University, with the degree of M. D. ; began the 
practice of his profession at Toccopola, Miss., 
in the summer of 1880; during the course of his 
active work as a physician for a period of 
twenty-six years, he devoted himself untiringly 
to his profession and gained the complete con- 
fidence of the best people of his county. For 
ten years past, he has devoted himself more 
especially to his farming and mercantile inter- 
ests, has taken an active part in public affairs, 
and is prominent in the order of Knights of 
Pythias. In April, 1917, he was elected to the 
Legislature at a special election, to succeed 
Hon. Frank Roberson on his resignation to ac- 
cept the position of Assistant Attorney General. 
Dr. "Wingo is a Democrat and a member of the 
Baptist Church. He was married to Elizabeth 
D. Hodges, daughter of John T. and Sarah 
Hodges. Dr. and Mrs. Wingo have ten children: 
Thomas Madden, Oliver Perry, Galen, Loyd, 
Lora, Tony, Susie, Maude, John K., and Q. Belle. 



W^W'Wty'M*®; 




Robt. E. L. Sutherland 



PRENTISS COUNTY. 

ROBERT EDWARD LEE SUTHERLAND of 
Wheeler, Mississippi. Representative from Pren- 
tiss County, was born in that county, at New 
Site, May 1, 1878. His father was Dr. William 
Walter Sutherland of "Waynesboro, Wayne Coun- 
ty, Tennessee, where he was born. Dr. Suther- 
land lived at Warsaw, Missouri from the age of 
eight until the year 1861, when he entered the 
Confederate Army, serving with great gallantry 
in Forest's Cavalry in the principal engagements 
in Tennessee and Mississippi. He was transfer- 
red to the Artillery, Morton's Battery, where he 
served until the war closed. After the war he 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT g 19 



studied Medicine and practiced successfully in 
Prentiss County, Mississippi, until his death 
January 9, 1909. The Sutherlands came from 
Scotland to America soon after the Revolution 
and the family finally came to settle in Mississ- 
ippi. His paternal grandfather served in the 
Mexican War and shared in much of the excite- 
ment leading up to the Civil War. The mother 
of Representative Sutherland was Anne Naomi 
Nelson, the daughter of Albert Gallatin Nelson 
and Lucinda Wallace (Hill) Nelson of Okolona. 
Mississippi. Albert Gallatin Nelson was born in 
Murray County, Tennessee, August 3, 1S16 and 
came to Mississippi while a young man. He 
taught school for years, was for a long time 
depot agent for the M. & O. R. R. at Okolona, 
and served in the Legislature from 1858 to 1860. 
Mr. Sutherland secured his early schooling in 
Prentiss County, and attended the High Schools 
of Jacinto and Osborne Creek. He then entered 
Peabody College, Nashville, Tennessee, where he 
was graduated in 1905 with the honor of being 
class orator. He did special work in the T. M. 
C A. of the University of Nashville, and took 
work in the medical department during the term 
1904-1905. He represented this department of 
the T. M. C. A. at the conference in Asheville, 
North Carolina, June, 1905. He then returned to 
Prentiss County and took up the profession of 
teaching, in which he soon became a leader. He 
taught at Blackland, Oak Ridge, in the Osborne 
Creek High School and the Wheeler High School. 
From 1908 to 1912, and again from 1912 to 1916 
he was Superintendent of Schools of Prentiss 
County. Having become widely and favorably 
• known in his section he entered politics as a 
further means of benefiting the educational in- 
terests of his state. He combines with his intel- 
lectual aspiration for Mississippi the deepest in- 
terest in her material advancement and was 
sought by the people of his section as an ideal rep- 
resentative of their interests. He was ^le^ted to 
the Legislature to serve, frnm 1916 to 1920 and 
has done valuable work on the following com- 
mittees : Fublic Health and Quarantine ; Manufac- 
tures ; County Affairs ; Education, of which he is 
chairman. Mr. Sutherland is a Democrat, a 
Baptist, and a member of the Masons, Knights 
of Pythias, Woodmen of the World and the 
Junior Order of U. A. M. He is at present 
a member of the Second Regimental Band of 
the Mississippi National Guard. October 16, 
1910, at Whee-ler, Mississippi, he married Ollie 



920 



*r^ 




/ 




LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

^Wallace, daughter of James Harrison Wallace. 
[I'and Nancy (Waters) Wallace of Wheeler. Rep- 
r>; resentative and Mrs. Sutherland have two chil- 
dren, Bolivar Lee. and Miriam. 



BARTHO LONET BREEDLOVE of Booneville. 
Representative from Prentiss County, is the son 
of James William Breedlove and Rebecca Annie 
f jm 0P3P I (Gentry) Breedlove and was born near Boone- 

ville on January 20, 1885. His father was born 
near Jacinto in Prentiss County, but lived most 
of his life near Booneville. Mississippi; and 
his paternal grandparents, Thomas and Martha 
(Grisham) Breedlove, were natives of Georgia, 
and were descendants of early colonial ancestor* 
who settled in that State. The mother of the 
subject of our sketch, who was Rebecca Annie 
Gentry before her marriage, was the daughter 
Bartho L. Breedlove of Drew Gentry and his wife. Mary (Averett) 

Gentry, of Wheelers, Mississippi. Representa- 
tive Breedlove obtained his education in the 
common schools of Prentiss County. At an 
early age he took up the occupation of farming, 
and is now one of the leading farmers of his 
community. Like so many of the prominent and 
successful men of the Country districts he is 
self made and understands the needs of the tax- 
payers of the state. Having become influential 
in his county he was induced to enter public 
life. In 1915 he was nominated for the Legis- 
lature, and elected to serve in the Lower House 
during the term of 1916-1920. The interests of 
his constituents and of the entire commonwealth 
are safe in his hands. He has sound, con- 
servative views, and has been a valuable mem- 
ber of the committees on : Agriculture ; Railroads ; 
Liquor Traffic. Mr. Breedlove is a strong ad- 
herent of the Democratic Party, a member of 
the Methodist Church, which he is at present 
serving as Steward, and belongs to the Masons 
and the Woodmen of the World. February 
18, 1906, he was married to Bertie Luetta 
Smith, at Rienzi, Mississippi. She is the daugh- 
ter of Vincent Lue Allen Smith and Mary Etta 
Price Smith, who live near Booneville. The children 
of Mr. and Mrs. Breedlove are, Loney Christed 
and Harold Raymond. 



>£*> 




LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 921 

QUITMAN COUNTY. 

ULA BARKSDALE ROSS, Representative from 
Quitman County, has his home at Lambert. He 
was born at Banner, Calhoun County, Mississ- 
ippi, March 3, 1869. His father George Wash- 
ington Ross, was a gallant soldier of the Confeder- .^^ ^ T 
ate Army and served during the Civil War in Com- *£ 
pany K of the 17th Mississippi Regiment of Infan- 00^1 * 
try. For further history of the Ross family the 
reader is referred to pages 70 4 and 705 of Good 
Speeds Memories of Mississippi Vol. II. This 
volume contains an interesting account of some 
length relative to various members of the fami- 
ly which like so many sturdy pioneer settlers 

of the Southwest, came finally to make their U^ a B. Ross 

home in Mississippi. The mother of Representa- 
tive Ross, was Sarah Catherine Gedford Ross. 
The family has always shared in all progressive 
movements for the betterment of the community. 
When a lad Mr. Ross received instruction in the 
public schools of his native county where he 
was prepared for a successful practical career. 
He is in the real estate and insurance business, 
and devotes some attention also to farming, and 
has been successful in all of his undertakings. 
He has always been popular in his county and 
community. Previous to his election to the Legis- 
lature, Mr. Ross had held the office of Mayor of 
Lambert, and had also served as Marshal of 
Banner, his birth place. As representative in the 
1916-1920 sessions of the Legislature he has 
given the state service of a very high order 
and is a valuable member of the committees on 
Corporations ; Public Lands ; Mississippi Levees ; 
Roads, Ferries and Bridges; Penitentiary, of 
which he is chairman. Representative Ross is a 
Democrat, belongs to the Baptist Church, and is 
a member of the Masons, Knights of Pythias and 
Odd Fellows. December 27th, 1887 he was mar- 
ried to Miss Myrtis McDowell Linder, the daugh- 
ter of the Reverend Lee Linder and his wife, 
Mattie Jone Linder, of Banner, Mississippi. Of 
this marriage there are three children: Herman 
Linder, aged twenty-six ; George Lee, aged twenty- 
four and Thelma Vance aged fourteen. 



922 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 




William E. Mclntyre 




RANKIN COUNTY. 

WILLIAM EDWARD McINTYKE, who repre- 
sents Rankin County and resides at Brandon, 
Mississippi, is the son of M. C. Mclntyre and 
Aiinervia Jane Mclntyre of Rankin County. He 
was born in that Cuunty, at Johns, on the six- 
teenth day of August, 1665. The family is of 
bcotoh descent and is among- the earliest and 
best settlers of America having representatives 
in nearly every state in the Union. Mr. Mcln- 
tyre is a man of bruad education. He secured 
his early schooling in the public elementary and 
high schools of his native county; later he at- 
tended the Kentucky State Normal School, and 
then the University of Mississippi, where he 
pursued a course in law. He was graduated in 
1910 with the degree of LL. B. The year before 
his graduation he had be^n admitted to the bar, 
at Oxford, Mississippi, and following his gradu- 
ation, in 1910, he began the practice of his pro- 
fession at Brandon, where he now lives. ■ He 
soon made such a reputation for himself that 
in 1911 he was elected County Attorney of Ran- 
kin County, in which office he served one year 
and four months. For four years he also served 
on the Board of Supervisors of that County. In 
1915 he was elected a member of the House of 
Representatives of Mississippi and his constitu- 
ents are to be congratulated upon their choice. 
Mr. Mclntyre is a young man of brilliant powers of 
intellect and sterling character, and is one of 
the best equipped of the younger members of tne 
Legislature. As a representative he is thought- 
ful and careful of the peoples interests and 
while firm in his conviction is open minded and 
unprejudiced. • His ability has already been 
shown by his work upon the committees of 
Rules; Judiciary; Local and Private Legislation, 
(Chairman) Census and Apportionment; County 
Affairs. He is a Democrat, a Methodist, and a 
member of the following fraternal organiza- 
tions: Royal Arch Masons (Master of the 
Lodge); Elks (Jackson Lodge); and Knights of 
Pvthias, and is unmarried. 



RICHARD HENRY WATTS of Pelahatchie, 
Representative from Rankin County, was born 
at Pisgah in Frnnklin County, August 17, 1872. 
and is the son of Dallas and Julia Watts. 
Dallas Watts was born at Seminary. Covington 
County, Mississippi, but in 1867 settled near 
Pisgah. During the Civil War he served under 
Generals Bragcr and Forest from 18C1 to 1865. 
H£ went to the front when quite a young man 
and was among the brave young defenders of 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



923 



the South. He died in Meridian, March 16. 1912. 
His parents were Louis and Jennie Watts. Af- 
ter the war he was an advocate of National 
Union and harmony. Dallas Watts married his 
third cousin, Julia, daughter of John and Pennie 
Watts of Monroe, Perry County, Mississippi. 
Before the Civil War John Watts served in the 
Legislature of this State for a number of years. 
Representative Watts was educated in the free 
schools of Rankin County. His teachers were 
Will Robinson, Mrs. Robert McLaurin and Mrs. 
J. P. Maxey. Although he had only sixteen 
months of schooling in all, he has been able, in 
a great measure, to supply this lack by reading 
and by practical experience. He spent five years 
as traveling salesman and six years in the serv- 
ice of the I. C. R. R. Co. Aside from that -he 
has devoted himself to farming, an avocation in 
which he takes great interest. He has the in- 
terests of the working classes deeply at heart, 
and has represented organized labor in the Leg- 
islature. He was elected to serve in that body 
from 1916 to 1920, and has served with zeal and 
ability upon the following committees: Ways 
and Means; Railroads: Penitentiary; Immigra- 
tion and Labor. Mr. Watts is a Democrat, a 
Baptist, a Mason, a Woodman of the World, and 
Praetorian. May 14, 1914, at Meridian, Mississ- 
ippi, he was married to Carrie Lee Patrick, 
daughter of James M. Patrick and Abbie S. Fat- 
rick of Hazelhurst, Mississippi. 



SCOTT COUNTY. 



WILLIAM LAFAYETTE WEEMS of Sun. Rep- 
resentative from Scott County, was born March 
15, 1848, at that place. His parents were Samuel 
Roseman Weems and Mary Ann (Rhodes) 
Weems. Samuel R. Weems, his father, son of 
Bartholemew and Catchrion (Jones) Weems, of 
the Abbeville District in South Carolina, was 
born there, but came to Mississippi at an early 
age, and resided at Sun for seventy-five years. 
He was a veteran of two wars. He enlisted at 
Clinton, Mississippi, in the Texan War against 
Mexico, and during the Civil War served for a 
year in the Confederate ranks. Mr. Weems 
comes fit good fighting stock and is of Revolu- 
tionary ancestry on both sides. His paternal 
great-grandfather served under Washington in the 
patriot army. This ancestor was a cousin of 
Mason L. Weems, who wrote the Life of Wash- 
ington and the Life of Marion. The family is of 
English descent, and came to America during 
the Colonial period. His mother was the daugh- 




William L. Weems 















I> 



924 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



ter of Samuel and Elisabeth (Carr) Rhodes of 
Smith County, Mississippi. His maternal great- 
grandparents came from Germany. His father 
was left destitute by the War, and therefore his 
son's opportunities to secure an education were 
limited. He was a youth of indomnitable cour- 
age and purpose and though lacking college 
advantages as a consequence of the Civil War, 
he has made a success of life. He early became 
a farmer, and has been successful in that oc- 
cupation. He was first elected to the Legisla- 
ture in 1890, and served until 1896. with much 
sound sense and practical ability. During the 
present term he is a thoughtful and intelligent 
member of the following committees: Appro- 
priations; Railroads; Liquor Traffic; Pensions. 
Mr. Weems has long been a prominent figure in 
the Democrat Party in his section; for several 
years he served as a member of the Executive 
Committee of his county. He is a Methodist; 
has served for forty-three years as steward, and 
has been a trustee of the church property. He 
is a Mason, Junior and Senior Warden and Mas- 
ter of Vienna Lodge No. 211. February 4, 1888, 
at Newton, Mississippi, he married Mary A. 
Thompson, daughter of W. Hopson Thompson 
and Louisa (Ballock) Thompson of Newton Sta- 
tion. Her father's people came to Mississippi 
from Alabama, and her maternal grandmother 
came from North Carolina. Mr. and Mrs. Weems 
have eight children: James Thompson, Robert 
Samuel, William W r addie, Mary Lou, and Alvin 
Lamar, Mack Dawson, Bessie Lois and Laura 
Zell. 







Samuel B. Alexander 



SHARKEY COUNTY. 

SAMUEL BRYCE ALEXANDER of Rolling 
Fork, Mississippi, Representative from the Coun- 
ty of Sharkey, is a native of that County. His 
parents were Samuel Brice Alexander, Sr., and 
Amy Olive (Lloyd) Alexander. Hi? father was 
born near De Kalb, in Kemper County. Mississ- 
ippi, and later lived at Spinks, in that County. 
He was a brave soldier in the Confederate Army 
in the 35th Mississippi Infantry, in the Company 
commanded by Captain Thomas W'atts. He was 
wounded and obliged to return home; but later 
joined the Independent Scouts, at Woodville, 
Mississippi, an organization commanded by 
Colonel Powers. The Alexander family is one 
of the most numerous and prominent in America. 
The maiden name of Representative Alexander's 
mother was Lloyd. She was the daughter of 
John Emery Lloyd and Olive Spinks Lloyd of 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 925 



Kemper County. The family is of Welsh blood, 
and has borne its part in the development of 
the State. Mr. .Alexander received his early 
education in the public schools of Rolling Fork. 
He then studied for a time at the Mississippi 
College, Clinton Mississippi, then at George- 
town College, Georgetown, Kentucky, and final- 
ly took a course at the A. & M. College at Stark- 
ville, Mississippi. Since he left school he has 
been chiefly engaged in farming, and has brought 
to that profession the wide scientific knowledge 
that good educational advantages have given 
him. He is equipped to do good service for the 
agricultural interests of his state. He is also 
an ardent believer in the education of the youth 
of Mississippi. He had no experience in poli- 
tics previous to his election to the State Legis- 
lature in 1915; but he has performed valuable 
service for the State as a member of the follow- 
ing committees: Constitution; Ways and Means; 
Mississippi Levees; Penitentiary; Immigration 
and Labor; Fishing, Commerce and Shipping; 
Drainage (Chairman). He is a Democrat, and 
a member of the Presbyterian Church, in which 
he is Deacon. He belongs to the Masons, the 
Knights of Pythias and the Woodmen of the 
World. March 14, 1903, he married Mayme 
Brooks, daughter of James Jones Brooks and 
Lelia Wimberly Brooks, of Memphis, Tennessee. 
They have two children: Samuel Bryce, Jr., and 
James Brooks. 



SIMPSON COUNTY. 



WILLIAM FLETCHER STROUD of Pinola, R. 
F. D., Miss., Representative from Simpson Coun- 
ty, was born October 31, 1875, in Neshoba Coun- 
ty, Miss., and is the son of William P. Stroud 
and Pernecie Dollar Stroud, of Alabama. Will- 
iam P. Stroud removed from Alabama to Miss- 
issippi and settled near Magee, where he en- 
gaged in farming. Dr. Stroud's mother was the 
daughter of Pinkney and Frances Dollar of Ala- 
bama. Daniel Stroud, his grandfather, was a 
faithful soldier in the Confederate Army. The 
family is of Scotch-Irish ancestry, having set- 
tled in America in the early period of its his- 
tory. Dr. Stroud received his early education 
in the public schools of his vicinity and after- 
wards attended the Westville High School, where William F. Stroud 
he was prepared for college. In 1903, he at- 
tended the Memphis Hospital Medical College 
and b^s-an the practice of his profession in 
Simpson" County, near Pinola, and later located 
in Pinola. Becoming interested in the public 




326 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



H '■'. -«asS 




questions that concerned his section and the 
entire State and feeling that he could be of ad- 
vantage to the medical profession by becoming 
a member of the law-making body of the State, 
he offered for election to the Legislature and re- 
ceived a majority of the votes of his county. 
As a member of the legislative session of 1916, 
Dr. Stroud has labored earnestly and intelli- 
gently for every interest of the Commonwealth and 
is one of the most valuable members of the> follow- 
ing committees : Census and Apportionment ; Eleemo- 
synary Institutions ; Public Health and Quarantine, 
being chairman of the last mentioned. Dr. Stroud 
is a Democrat in political faith ; a member of the 
Baptist Church ; a Mason and a member of the 
Woodmen of the World, in which last order he 
has served as Medical Examiner. On October 
28, 1902, he was married to Lola A. Royals, 
daughter of Jourdan Royals and Sophronia 
Royals, of Magee, Miss. Dr. and Mrs. Stroud 
have six children: Malone, Willie Belle, Mayo, 
Mary, Pernecie, and Emma. 



SMITH COUNTY. 



HENRY CLAY THORNTON of Taylorville, 
Mississippi, R. F. D. No. 2, Representative from 
Smith County, was born March 7, 1889 in that 
County at Bezer. His parents are John Gibson 
Thornton and Martha (Rogers) Thornton. John 
Gibson Thornton was the son of Jack Thornton 
and Lyda Blackwell Thornton of Raleigh, Smith 
County, Mississippi, where he was born and 
where he resided most of his life. For twenty- 
four years he served as Justice of the Peace. 
The Thorntons are of Irish descent. John 
Thornton, the great-grandfather of the subject 
of our sketch, came from Ireland, settled in North 
Carolina and later removed to Smith County, 
Mississippi. He served as Captain and Colonel 
Henry C. Thornton . R the Revolutionary War . H e was a Baptist 

minister, and was the first Representative in 
the Mississippi Legislature from Smith County 
after the organization of that county. His son. 
Jack Thornton, grandfather of Henry Clay 
Thornton, lived at Raleigh. He served as Jus- 
tice of the Peace two terms and was one term 
on the Board of Supervisors. The Thornton 
family has always been among the progressive 
community builders of the State and since 
its coming to America has borne a conspicuous 
part in the battles for freedom and democracy. 
Martha (Rogers) Thornton, mother of the sub- 
ject of this sketch, was the daughter of William 
Manning Rogers and Mary (Duckworth) Rogers 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



927 



of Stringer, Jasper County. Mississippi. Mr. 
Thornton obtained his early schooling at 
Raleigh, Mississippi. He completed his course 
at Meridian, Mississippi, in 1912 with the B. L. 
degree. He then studied law and took a busi- 
ness course by correspondence. He then took 
up the profession of teaching, and has taught 
successfully for four years. He is well fitted 
to promote the educational interests of the State 
and is keenly interested in wiping out the illi- 
teracy in Mississippi. He is serving in the Leg- 
islature for the term 1916-1920, and has been 
placed on the following committees, where he 
has done excellent work: Railroads; Public 
Lands ; Registrations and Elections ; Eleemosy- 
nary Institutions ; Liquor Traffic ; Propositions 
and Grievances. Mr. Thornton is a Democrat 
and a member of the Methodist Church. 



SUNFLOWER COUNTY. 



ARTHUR B. CLARK of Tndianola. Represen- 
tative from Sunflower County, was elected in 
November, 1915, in a campaign with some of 
the best men in his County. He is a lawyer by 
profession and a member of the bar of India- 
nola, where he has impressed himself upon his 
fellow lawyers and the community generally as 
having courage,, ability and an intellectual equip- 
ment of high order. Mr. Clark attracted the 
favorable notice of the House early in the 
session of 1916 in the discussion of a local ques- 
tion concerning his County. He is regarded as 
one of the rising young lawyers of the "Delta." 
In his legislative service he is thoughtful of the 
best interests of the people and intelligent and 
patriotic in the discharge of every public duty. 
Mr. Clark is a member of the following Com- 
mittees: Judiciary; Mississippi Levees; Peni- 
tentiary; Public Buildings and Grounds, Banks 
and Banking; Drainage. At this writing. Mr. 
Clark is at the Officer's Training School at Fort 
Logan H. Roots. Little Rock. Arkansas, in the 
Military service of the United States. He was 
one of the first to respond to his country's call, 
and America's great Twentieth Century War for 
Freedom and Humanity will not have a more 
gallant participant than this splendid young 
Mississippian. The hearts of our people are with 
him and all other noble young spirits who have 
left their native state to become a part of Am- 
erica's Great army in her struggle to free^the 
world from the tyranny and oppression 
many. 




Arthur B. Clark 



Ger- 



928 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



TALLAHATCHIE COUNTY 




Rowe Hays 



ROWE HAYS of Sumner, Mississippi. Repre- 
sentative from Tallahatchie County, was born 
November 20. 1S75 at Durant, Mississippi. His 
father, James Hays, son of Arthur and Emily 
(West) Hays, who was a sister of General A. 
M. West, was born in Arkansas, of Virginia par- 
entage. He was educated in Virginia, and after 
completing- his college course, he returned to the 
home of his parents, then living in Lexington. 
Mississippi. At the outbreak of the Civil War 
he was among the first Confederate volunteers 
to enlist, and served throughout the War. At 
the close of the War he ranked as captain. 
With this honorable war record he returned to 
Mississippi and settled at Durant, where he re- 
sided until his death in 1888. The maiden name 
of Representative Hays' mother was Mary Vir- 
ginia Rowe; she was the daughter of Dr. A. V. 
Rowe and Mary Ann (Johnson) Rowe, of Lex- 
ington, Mississippi. Dr. Rowe was a Virginian 
and his wife a Kentuckian. After the early 
death of his parents, Rowe Hays became the 
ward of his maternal uncle, Reverend A. V. 
Rowe of Winona, Mississippi, one of the best 
known and most influential ministers of the 
State. Rowe Hays received his early education 
in the public schools of Durant and Wimona, 
Mississippi. In 1891 he entered Mississippi Col- 
lege, from which he was graduated in 1895. 
Two years later he completed the law course at 
the University of Mississippi, and began the 
practice of law at Sumner in the Delta District 
of Tallahatchie County in 1905. For several 
years Mr. Hays has taken an active part In local 
politics. He is one of the most popular citizens 
of his community and his intellectual equipment 
and unswerving ideals of honesty and justice place 
him among the able public men of Mississippi. 
At the time of his election to the legislature in 
1915, he was serving his third term as Mayor 
of Sumner. In the House he is a valuable mem- 
ber of the following committees: Judiciary; 
Constitution; Appropriations; Local and Private 
Legislation ; Mississippi Levees. Mr. Hays is an 
active Democrat and a member of the Baptist 
Church. His wife, prior to her marriage, was 
Frances Talbert Carr, daughter of Edwin Spate 
Carr and Lillie Brame (Scott) Carr. Mr. and 
Mrs. Hays have one child, Arthur Rowe. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



929 



TATE COUNTY. 



WILLIAM JASPER EAST of Senatobia. Tate 
County, Miss., was born September 1, 1854, in 
Monroe County, Miss., and is the son of Josiah 
Robertson East and wife, Matilda (Callahan) 
East, the latter, a cousin of Chancellor J. N. 
Waddell of the University of Mississippi, died in 
1873. His maternal ancestors came from Ire- 
land ; his paternal came to America from Eng- 
land about 1740 and settled in Henrico County, 
Virginia. The father of the subject of this 
sketch was a gallant soldier in the war for the 
independence of Texas, the Mexican War, and 
the Civil War, serving in Company H., 24th 
Regiment Mississippi Infantry, Walthall's Bri- 
gade, C S. A.; was killed July 22, 1S64 at the 
siege of Atlanta. Mr. East attended the pri- 
mary schools of Panola County, under the in- 
struction of Capt. J. A. Rainwater and others. 
As the oldest son, he supported his mother's 
family under hard and adverse conditions after 
the war. He entered the University of Mississ- 
ippi in 1879 and studied there for two years: 
taught in public schools two years; studied law 
and was admitted to the bar in 1883, locating 
at Senatobia; Mayor of Senatobia. 1887-1888: 
State Senator, 1892-1894; member of House of 
Representatives from Tate County, 1896-1897- 
1898; Presidential Elector, 1900; elected to the 
House of Representatives, November 3, 1903. 
He is the author of Section 1767, Code of 1906, 
and has served his State as a lawmaker for 
sixteen years. Mr. East is one of the most dis- 
tinguished members of the 1916-1920 term of 
the Mississippi Legislature, and occupies a high 
position among the members of an unusually 
strong body of representative Mississippians. 
From the beginning of the movement he has been 
a staunch advocate of the preservation of Missis- 
sippi's old capitol. and was a conspicuous and able 
leader in the final effort for its preservation. 
He is a Democrat : member of the Episcopal 
Church; Mason and Knight of Pythias; was mar- 
ried July 12, 189 2 to Lula Whitten. the talented 
daughter of Patrick Henry Whitten and wife. 
Mary Hodges. Mrs. East's father was a soldier 
of the Confederacy. Mr. and Mrs. East have 
three children : Whitten, who was graduated at the 
United States Military Academy at West Point, 
July 12, 1915, now Major in the aero service of 
the United States Service in France ; Fletcher, 
a student at the A. & M. College of Missis- 
sippi; and Lula. In the House of 1904-1908, 
Mr. East was a member of the following 
Committees: Judiciary. Constitution, Registra- 




William J. East 



59— M 



930 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



MSBJaBfll ■ 



tion and Elections. He was elected to the Sen- 
ate, November 5. 1907 and to the House of Rep- 
resentatives of 1916-1920 in November, 1915; 
member of Judiciary, Claims, Immigration and 
Labor. Banks and Banking committees. 



SERVETUS LOVE CROCKETT of Tyro, Miss- 
issippi, Representative from Tate County, was 
i born near Tyro. September 2, 1886. His father 
| was Powhatan Perkins Crockett, who was the 

son of James B. Crockett and Susie (Johnson) 
I *& ™ 1 Crockett of Thyatira. De Soto County, Mississ- 

i . i ippi. In 1873. he removed to Tyro where he 

-•v ' : I spent the rest of his life. During the Civil War 

I p h J he was a gallant member of Company B of the 
Wirt Adams Cavalry commanded by Captain 
1 a . James Lewes. For two ferms he served as 

Supervisor of the Fifth District of Tate County. 
He was a man of education and high principles, 
a leader in church and in the politics of his 
County. The paternal ancestors of Mr. Crockett 
Servetus D. Crockett were Scotch They came to Mississippi from 

Middle Tennessee early in the nineteenth cen- 
tury. Mr. Crockett is a direct descendent of 
David Crockett, statesman and warrior who wa3 
killed at the Alamo August 6, 1836 in the Mexi- 
can War. The maiden name of Mr. Crockett's 
mother was Annie Louise Babb, daughter of 
Josephus Cook Babb and Emily Rogers Babb of 
Byhalia, Mississippi. Josephus Cook Babb was 
a teacher and surveyor of Marshall County. 
During the Civil War he served in the Commis- 
sary Department. C. S. A. The Babb family is 
of English descent. Mr. Crockett obtained his 
early education in the. public schools of Tate 
County where he was carefully prepared for 
college. In 1915 he was graduated from Millsaps 
College with the degree of B. S., and holds the 
degree of LL. B. from that same institution. 
While a college student, he won four medals 
for Oratory. Though he is an attorney at law 
he has never practised, preferring to devote 
himself to farming, an avocation in which he 
takes great interest and pleasure. Mr. Crockett 
is the author of two works. Eulogy on David 
Crockett and History of the Crockett Family. 
neither of which has yet been published. In 
1915 he was elected to the Lower House of his 
State, to serve from 1916 to 1920, where he has 
evinced statemanlike abilities in his valuable 
work on the following committees: Judiciary; 
Mississippi Levees; Penitentiary: Public Build- 
ings and Grounds: Banks and Banking; Drain- 
age. Mr. Crockett is a Democrat and a member 
of the Alpha Pi Sigma Literary Society, and is 
intensely patriotic in his views concerning the 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



931 



war with Germany. Prior to her marriage, 
Representative Crockett's wife was Floy Emma 
Liles, daughter of Simeon and Mystie Devlin 
Liles of Looxahoma, Mississippi. She was mar- 
ried to Mr. Crockett. December 24, 1914. The 
Liles are of Scotch-Irish descent. They came 
from South Carolina to Mississippi about 1820. 
The Devlins came to Mississippi from Virginia. 



TIPPAH COUNTY. 



WILLIAM REED WILDMAN of Ripley, Repre- 
sentative from Tippah County, is purely a product 
of Mississippi by both ancestry and education. He 
was born July 3th. 1891, at Keownsville, in the 
County of Union. Both paternal and maternal 
grandparents lived at Dumas, in Tippah County. 
His father, John "William Wildman, is the son 
of Speaker and Nancy Wildman. His mother, 
Alice • Wildman, is the daughter of John and 
Katherine Smith. John Smith served for four years 
as a Confedorate soldier in the Civil War, to 
which cause he was ardently devoted. Representa- 
tive Wildman received his education at the Dumas 
High School and the Dumas Institute. Under the 
direction of able instructors he was prepared for 
teaching, and has been successfully pursuing that 
profession for a number a£ years. He has also been 
devoting his attention to farming. Always taking 
a deep interest in public affairs, he yielded to the 
request of his friends and became a candidate 
for the State 1 Legislature, to which office he was 
elected In 1915 for the term 1916-20. He is inde- 
pendent of all political factions and stands for 
good government in both local and State life. 
During the 1916 session he was an active an<5 
capable member of the following Committees : 
Agriculture ; Education ; Manufactures ; Roads. 
Ferries and Bridges ; Insurance. Mr. Wildman. as 
a member of the Missionary Baptist Church, has 
taken a leading part in religious work. For two 
years he was a director of a Bible School at Dnroas. 
He holds a diploma from the International Sunday 
School Association, and is an honorary life mem- 
ber of the Christian Women's Board of Missions. 
The wife of Representative Wildman was Miss 
Minnie Lee Jeanes. They were married at Ripley, 
Mississippi, where Mrs. Wildman's parents. David 
and Ellen Jeanes, resided. Both paternal and ma- 
ternal grandparents fought in the Civil War as 
Confederate soldiers, and rendered faithful and 
gallant service in the companies to which they be- 
longed. Mr. and Mrs. Wildman have one child, 
Kathlyu, 




William R, Wildman 



932 



LEGISLATIVE department 



TISHOMINGO COUNTY. 



X 




James R. Mann 



JAMES RUFUS MANN of Iuka Representative 
from Tishomingo County, was born July 28, 1861. 
at Senterville, Cherokee County, Alabama, where 
his father, Whitefield Evans Mann, came to live 
at the age of six years, from Abbeville, South 
Carolina. Whitfield Evans Mann was a farmer. 
During the War he served four years as a faithful 
Confederate sodier. His father was Amon Mann 
of Abbeville. North Carolina. The mother of the 
subject of our sketch was. before her marriage. 
Mary Elizabeth Lambert : she was the daughter of 
John and Rebecca Lambert of Talladega, Ala- 
bama. The Lambert name occurs often among 
the Colonial settlers of America, and belongs to 
the Huguenot families of the Carolinas. Repre- 
sentative Mann was educated In the rural schools 
of Jefferson County, Alabama. He had no oppor- 
tunity for higher education : he was a farmer's boy, 
and at an early age began to share the labors and 
responsibilities of farm life 1 . Through this early 
experience he learned to sympathize with the labor- 
ing and agricultural classes, and since reaching 
manhood has done much toward the betterment of 
the farming element. He is a firm believer in the 
doctrine of "equal rights to all and special privi- 
leges to none." He has given much time and ef- 
fort to advancing the principles of the Farmers 
Union. For two years he served as Constable of 
the Fifth District. He was elected to the Legis- 
lature for the term of 1916-1920, where he has 
worked zealously for the good of his constituents. 
He has been an earnest and conscientious mem- 
ber of the following committees : Agriculture ; Peni- 
tentiary : Liquor Traffic ; Pensions ; Drainage. Mr. 
Mann is a Democrat and a member of the Bap- 
tist Church, which he has served for twenty-two 
years as Deacon : belongs to the Masons, the 
Junior Order, and the Farmers' Union, of which he 
has been president and county lecturer. He mar- 
ried Miss Mary Masquiline Myze, September 21, 
1882, at Double Springs. Alabama. She is the 
daughter of Daniel Gaston Myze and Macy Myze 
of that place. Their children are Mrs. Belzie 
(Mann) Cummin; Mrs. Marion (Mann) Under- 
wood; Mrs Dora (Mann) Cagle ; Mrs. Emma 
(Mann) Byram ; Mrs. Ada (Mann) Byram and 
Ancey. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



933 



TUNICA COUNTY. 



JAMES MARCELLUS ANDERSON' of Tunica. 
in Tunica County, son of Augustus Alexander 
Anderson, was born Oct. 1, 1875, at Arkabutla, 
Tate County. Mississippi. His father was a native 
of Clay County, Missouri, and was a Union soldier 
in the Civil 'War. Not long- after the close of the 
War (in 1866) he came to Mississippi, where he 
settled on a farm in Tate County. The following 
year he was married, at Hernando, Mississippi, to 
Miss Selina Dixon, daughter of John and Eliza- 
beth (Holmes) Dixon. The maternal ancestors of 
James Marcellus Anderson were English people who 
came to Georgia with General Oglethorpe when he 
founded that colony. His mother, however, was 
reared in Huntsville. Alabama. Her parents came 
thence to Mississippi in 1863. Mr. Anderson se- 
cured his early education in the elementary public 
schools and the high school of Tate County. He 
also pursued a business course at Arkabutla, Mis- 
sissippi. This knowledge proved of assistance to 
him in his occupation of merchant. Besides being 
a business man Mr. Anderson is also a planter 
and owns the plantations of Hollywood and Lost 
Lake in Tunica County. He was elected to the 
House of Representatives, term of 1916-20, in the 
legislation of which body he takes a keen interest. 
He is independent of political factions and has only 
the State's good in view. An earnest believer in 
prohibition, he advocated the strongest prohibi- 
tion law that could be passed in keeping with the 
Constitution, his views in these matters being in 
unison with those adopted later by the national 
government. He is a joint author of the Ander- 
son-Roberson Prohibition Bill which passed in 
1916. Mr. Anderson is a Democrat, a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Church, and of the fraternal 
orders of the Knights of Pythias, Woodmen of 
the World, and the Elks (977 Clarksdale}. Mr. 
Anderson's wife was Minnie Hall, whom he mar- 
ried at Senatobia, Mississippi, Jan. 18, 1902. Her 
father Hiram Hall came to Mississippi from Ten- 
nessee ; her mother Fanny (Woolfolk) Hall, be- 
longed to a family of Orange County, Virginia. 
Mr. and Mrs. Anderson have one child, Mary Dye. 
Representative Anderson is an able member of the 
following committees: Mississippi Levees; Liquor 
Traffic; Public Buildings and Grounds (Chm. ). 



fr^wf** **-'** ! "*** ,ww| 



S£l 



\ I 



James M. Anderson 



934 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



UNION COUNTY. 




John N. Magill 



JOHN NEWT MAGILL of Bethany. Representa- 
tive from Union County, was born near Graham. 
Union County, Mississippi, December 31st, 1873. 
His parents were William Alexander Magill and 
Fanny Jane (Williams) Mag-ill. His father, W. A. 
Magill, son of John and Vinecie Magill, was born 
in the Abbesville District of South Carolina, but 
came to Mississippi with his parents when a small 
boy and has lived in Union County ever since. 
John Magill, his father, came from Ireland with 
his parents at the age of twelve and settled in 
Charlestown. South Carolina. He was an Elder in 
the A. R. Presbyterian Church at Bethany, Missis- 
sippi. The mother of Representative Magill is the 
daughter of Newton and Emily Williams of Gra- 
ham, Union County. Mississippi. Newton Williams 
came to this State from .South Carolina. Mr. 
Magill obtained his early education in the public 
schools of Union County, where under able in- 
structors he was fitted for college. He attended 
the Mississippi Heights Academy at Blue Moun- 
tain, Mississippi, and the Blue Springs Normal 
College of Blue Springs, Mississippi, where, by 
close application, he fitted himself for teaching. 
He entered that profession at the early age of 
eighteen, a profession which he has followed suc- 
cessfully for many years. He is also engaged in 
farming, an occupation in which he takes great 
interest. Mr. Magill is a man of wide influence in 
his community. Intensely interested in both the 
educational and material progress of the State, 
he is well fitted to represent the people in its 
law making body. In 1915 the voters of his county 
induced him to enter public life and he was 
elected to serve in the Legislature from 1916 to 
1920, where he has shown much sound and con- 
structive ability in his work on the following com- 
mittees: Appropriations; Claims; Penitentiary, 
County Affairs ; Roads. Ferries and Bridges ; Fed- 
eral Relations. He is a Democrat and a member 
of the Baptist Church, in which he has served as 
Deacon. April 1st, 1897, near Graham, Mississippi, 
he was married to Sallie Jane Gentry, daughter 
of James Thompson Gentry and Martha Cathern 
Gentry, who lived near Graham. Her ancestors 
came to Mississippi from South Carolina. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 

SAM J. PURVIS of Blue Springs, Representative 
from Union County, was born September 4, 1880. in 
the country, near New Albany. Union County. He 
is the son of Josh Purvis, who was born at Lenox, 
in the same County. Josh Purvis was the son ol 
George Purvis. The Purvis family is of Scotch- 
Irish origin. They settled first in Tennessee. It 
was the grandfather of Representative Purvis who 
was the first of the family to remove from Ten- 
nessee to Mississippi. There he married his wife. 
Elizabeth, a native of North Carolina. The Purvis 
family is related to that of General Winfield Scott. 

The mother of Sam J. Purvis was, prior to her 
marriage, Isabella Bell, whose parents, James and 
Rosa Bell came from near Columbia, South Caro- 
lina, and settled in the country district near New- 
Albany, Mississippi. During his boyhood, Sam J. 
Purvis attended the public schools of Union County, 
Mississippi and also Hight's Academy. He was 
attracted toward the profession of teaching ; and 
to prepare himself for it he attended the Poplar 
Springs Normal College, and also Mississippi Col- 
lege. For some years thereafter he taught with 
great success in both the elementary and high 
schools of his State. While engaged in teaching 
his circle of influence became extended and he was 
selected to represent his County in the Legislature. 
Previous to his election to the State Legislature, 
in 1915, Mr. Purvis had not held office. To the 
service of his state he brings the high ideals that 
characterize the members of his profession, and 
every public question receives from him the most 
careful consideration. He was appointed and has 
served, on the Committees of : Ways and Means : 
Education ; Mileage ; House Contingent Expenses, 
serving as chairman of the latter. Sam J. Purvis 
is a Democrat, a Baptist and a member of the - foF 
lowing fraternal orders : Odd Fellows, Masons, 
Woodmen of the World, and Modern Woodmen of 
America. On October 6, 1909, at Blue Springs, 
Mississippi, he was married to Lena Love Speck, 
daughter of William P. Speck and Susan Speck of 
Blue Springs. William P. Speck came originally 
from Alabama. He served as a Confederate sol- 
dier in General M. P. Lowrey's Brigade. His 
wife's parents were from South Carolina. Mr. and 
Mrs. Purvis have but one living child, Rupert. 



935 




. 









936 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



WALTHALL COUNTY. 




William W. Pope 



WILLIAM WINSTON POPE of Tylertown. Mis- 
sissippi, Representative from Walthall County is 
the son of Jacob Pope and Berthana (Magee) 
Pope, daughter of John Magee and Claura Magee 
of Dexter, Marion County, Miss., (now Walthall 
County). He was born October 25, 1S50, near 
Columbia in Marion County. His father. Jacob 
Pope, son of Sampson and Esther (Barne.s) Pope, 
was born near Columbia. He was First Lieutenant 
of his company during the Civil War. Along with 
six brothers, one of whom was Major Henry Pope, 
he gave to the cause his whole manhood, in 
the South's struggle for constitutional rights 
and liberties. The Pope family is believed by 
the present generation to have been descended from 
Thomas Pope, who came from England to America 
in 1631 and settled at Plymouth, Mass. W. W. 
Pope's great-grandfather, Jacob Pope, moved from 
North Carolina to Marion County, Miss, in 1811 and 
was among the wealthy slave-owners and stock- 
men of that section. His son, Sampson Pope owned 
one of the largest ranches in his county. He 
was well versed in medicine and, being a man of 
large wealth and leisure, he gave his neighbors and 
their slaves the benefit of his medical knowledge, 
free of cost to them. His wife, Esther (Barnes) 
F'ope, was well connected and owned in her own 
right quite a number of slaves, beside other prop- 
erty. Her sister, Charity Spear, married an officer 
of high rank in the War of 1S12. William Win- 
ston Pope was educated in the country schools 
of his locality, enjoying also the advantages of 
careful instruction and supervision by educated 
members of his family, a privilege that meant 
much at a time when the country was just emerg- 
ing from the dark clouds of Civil War, and was 
still contending with conditions that were not fav- 
orable to the establishment of schools and colleges. 
As a mere youth; he assumed the responsibility of 
caring for his family, his father having enlisted 
in the Confederate Army. Like so many young 
men of the South, after the war, he chose farming 
as his occupation and prompted, doubtless, by the 
trials and vexations of agricultural labor without 
proper implements, he invented the Pope Side 
Harrow, and later made a stump burner on which 
he received, in December, 1913, a patent. By the 
use of this latter invention, farmers make a groat 
saving on all former plans for removing stumps. 
Mr. Pope's fondness for agricultural pursuit*, 
though of an absorbing nature, left him time to 
engage in many important movements for the 
social and political welfare of hi3 section. He was 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



937 



active in all movements for the Prohibition Cause. 
During 1889-90, he was assistant manager of a 
mercantile company in McComb City and at var- 
ious times has been employed as collector and 
traveling agent. His participation in public af- 
fairs brought him into great popularity with the 
people and for three terms they have insisted 
that he should represent their interests in rh^ 
Legislature. As a member of this body, he has 
proved entirely worthy of their confidence and has 
always been a keen and intelligent observer and 
participant in all that effects the welfare of his 
county and his state, and serves upon the follow- 
ing committees : Agriculture ; Corporations ; Census 
and Apportionment ; Registrations and Elections ; 
Pensions. Representative Pope is a Democrat; has 
served as a member of the Democratic Executive 
Committee in Marion County ; and has been a 
delegate to County Nominating Conventions. A 
member of the Baptist Church, he has alwavs 
been foremost in church work and has served In 
various positions connected with the business af- 
fairs of that denomination. He is a member of the 
fraternal order of Masons, in which he has served 
as secretary for a number of years ; he was over- 
seer of the Farmers' Grange in the 70's; was 
president of the local Lodge and lecturer of the 
County Farmers' Alliance. On October 14', 1879, 
Mr. Pope was married to Eugenia Conerly, daugh- 
ter of John M. and Lucinda (Lampton) Conerly of 
Tylertown, Miss. The Lampton family moved 
from Tennessee to Mississippi ; the Conerlys from 
South Carolina to the same state. After the death 
of his first wife, Mr. Pope married Isabella For- 
tenberry, daughter of "Willis and Lizzie (Pigott) 
Fortenberry, the ancestors of the latter hav- 
ing come to Mississippi from Georgia. Children 
of first marriage: — Mrs. Ozilla Sandifer, Mrs. 
Xellie Smith, Mrs. Charles Richardson Pope, Louis 
Laney Pope, who married Lois Ellzey. Children 
second marrfage: Ida Annette, William Marlow, 
Jackson Truett, Dudley Calvin, and Sampson. 



WARREN COUNTY. 

THOMAS ROBBIN FOSTER of Vicksburg. 
was born March 20, 1852. at Mobile, and is 
the son of Hillary Foster and Lucy (Meacham) 
Foster. His ancestors came to America from 
England and Scotland and settled in Massa- 
chusetts and Virginia. (See Pierce's Historv 
of the Fosters of America.) Samuel Glen, a 
maternal ancestor-, was a Captain in the Army 
of the Revolution. The subject of this sketch 




Thomas R. Foster 









' 



938 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



is a descendant of Archer Great Forester of 
Flanders, who died in S37. and is a descendant 
of Sir John Foster, who was one of those 
who compelled King- John to sign the Magna 
Charta in 1215. He died in 1220. Mr. Foster's 
father was President of the Mobile Bank 
and Mobile & Ohio R. R.. and was a member 
of the mercantile firm of Boykin, McRae & 
Foster. Mr. Foster attended the schools of 
Mobile and Warrentown, N. C. He is a lawyer, 
and has been in active practice of law in 
Vicksburg since 1SS0; elected Justice of the 
Peace in 1884; was Mayor of the town of Speeds 
Addition from 1892 to 1902, when he resigned 
was elected to the House of Representatives 
from Warren County in 1902; re-elected in 
1903 and 1907. Mr. Foster is a Democrat: 
member of the Episcopal Church and Elks : 
was married November 29, 1S82, at Vicksburg, 
Miss., to Mary Sophia Moore, daughter of Henry 
Tierman Moore and wife. Harriet Ann Moore, 
of Vicksburg-, Miss. Mrs. .Foster's father is 
said to have taught the first public school in 
Mississippi. Mr. and Mrs. Foster have one liv- 
ing- child, Mary Corinne; have three dead: Hil- 
lary, Thomas Robbins and Henry Moore. In the 
House of 1904-1908 Mr. Foster was a member of 
the following committees: Ways and Means, 
Local and Private Legislation, Corporations, 
Insurance and Public Lands (Ch.) He is an 
experienced lawmaker and capable parlimen- 
tarian, and # is a member of the following com- 
mittees: Judiciary, Public Lands, Public Health and 
Quarantine, Eleemosynary Institutions, Pensions. 



GEORGE ROBERT HAWKINS of Vicksburg, 
was born April 28. 1849. in Warren County, 
Mississippi, the son of George Hawkins and 
wife, Eliza (Willson) Hawkins. Paternal an- 
cestors came to America from Ireland, ma- 
ternal from Scotland, in the early^years of the 
nineteenth century. He obtained his education 
solely from the public schools in his vicinity 
and did not enter college. He has always 
followed the occupation of farmer and cotton 
planter; was selected by the British Cotton 
Growing- Association, of Manchester, England, 
as cotton expert, to go to West Africa to teach 
the English and natives how to raise and treat 
cotton, and spent two years there. Mr. Haw- 
George R. Hawkins kins was broU g-ht up in the Episcopal Church 
and has always stood for the highest ideals 
in his community, and no man in the public 
service of the State has a truer conception of 
his duty nor more courasre to maintain his con- 
victions. He was elected to the House of Rep- 




LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



939 



resentatives In November, 1907 and again 
elected in November 1915. He was married at 
Natchez, January 2Sth, 1871, to Mary Agnes 
Adams, daughter of Thomas Jefferson and 
Charlotte Donahoe Adams, of Church Hill. By 
this marriage he had five children: Mrs. Sal- 
lie M. (Hawkins) Oates. Henry Downs, William 
Mercer, Harold Herbert, and Mrs. Agnes (Haw- 
kins) Harvey. Mrs. Mary Agnes Hawkins died 
in 1883, and Mr. Hawkins was married a 
second time to Lotta Child, daughter of Henry 
and Angelina Child; by this union he has one 
child, Evangeline Henri. Mr. Hawkins is a 
legislator of experience and ability, faithful 
to principles and friends and true to the best 
interests of the State. He is one of the ablest 
members of the following Committees: Reg- 
istration and Elections; Fees and Salaries; 
Federal Relations; Public Buildings and 
Grounds. 



ROBERT LEIGHTON CRAWFORD BARRET, 
Representative from Warren County, resides at 
Vicksburg, Mississippi. He was born April 4, 
1880, at Louisa. Louisa County, Virginia, where 
his father Dr. Leighton Crawford Barret, who 
was born near Louisa Courthouse in that 
County, practiced medicine for over fifty years. 
Dr. Barret held the office of County Physi- 
cian for Louisa County, at one time, and dur- 
ing the Civil War was assistant surgeon in the 
Army of the Confederacy. He was the son of 
Thomas Johnson Barret and his wife Lucy 
Ann (Crawford) Barret, who lived at "Rural 
Valley," in the Green Springs neighborhood 
of Louisa County, Virginia. Representative Bar- 
ret sprung from a distinguished ancestry, of 
English, Scotch, Irish and Welsh. On the pa- 
ternal side he is the lineal descendant of 
Charles Barret, who in 1743 came from London, 
England, and settled in Louisa County, Vir- 
ginia. His son, Charles Barret, Jr., served in 
the Colonial Army as Colonel in the Revolu- 
tionary War. Through his paternal grand- 
mother Mr. Barret is descended from John 
Crawford, a Scotchman, who came to Virginia 
in 1650. Among his famous descendants were 
William H. Crawford, Secretary- of War and 
Secretary of the Treasury, and George W. Craw- 
ford, Secretary of War under Fillmore, and at one 
time Governor of Georgia. Mr. R.. L. C. Barret's 
mother was before her marriare, Annie Virginia 
Keene, daughter of Dennis and Sarah Ellen Keene, 
who lived at Vicksburg. Dennis Keene came 
to Mississippi from Maryboro, Ireland. Mr. 
Barret's inheritance of Welsh blood comes from 



. -^-^pragjl 



I* 5 



Robert L. C. Barret 



940 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



John Yancey, who ceme to Virginia from Wales 
in the 17th century. His early education was 
obtained in the private schools of Louisa, Vir- 
ginia, and at the Cohran School and the St. 
Aloysius Academy in Vicksburg. To complete 
his preparatory schooling- he returned to Vir- 
ginia, where he attended the Haley High School, 
at Louisa. After leaving that school he spent 
two years at Virginia Polytechnic Institute, 
Blacksburg. Virginia. Mr. Berret's professional 
education was obtained at the University of 
the South, Sewanee, Tennessee, where, in 189S, 
at the early age of eighteen he completed a 
two years' law course with the degree of LL. B. 
At graduation he bore off the highest honors at- 
tained in the Law Department of that University 
during its history. During 1899-1900 he pursued a 
post graduate course in law at the Xew York La^ 
School. In 1901 Mr. Barret was admitted to the 
bar of Virginia and for the following year prac- 
ticed at Louisa. In 1906 he was admitted to the 
bar of Mississippi, and has also been admitted to 
practice in Louisiana. Mr. Barret's favorite 
pursuit is journalism. He is one of our most 
prominent newspaper men, having done edi- 
torial work on the following well known 
newspapers: Meviphis Commercial Appeal, Shreve- 
port Times, Memphis Scimitar, Memphis News and 
New Orleans Times-Democrat. He has been city 
editor of the Vicksburg Herald, editor of the Vicks- 
burg Times-Democrat and Vicksburg Democrat, and 
acting editor of the Vicksburg Post. Mr. Barret 
entered political life in 1915. when he was 
nominated by the Democratic Party for the 
Legislature, on the ttrst primary. In this 
body he has already begun to fulfill the bril- 
liant promise of his youth. He has worked 
with marked ability on the following commit- 
tees: Judiciary; Immigration and Labor; En- 
grossed Bills (Chm.) ; Municipalities. Repre- 
sentative Barret began to serve the Democratic 
party at the age of twenty-one. as a committee- 
man of Louisa County, Virginia. He has also 
served on various political committees in War- 
ren County, Mississippi, and in Vicksburg. He 
is a member of the Episcopal Church and of 
the Kappa Sigma fraternity. He has been 
prominent in all movements for community 
betterment; has at all times been an ardent 
enemy of all forms of demagogism and has 
vigorously opposed sham and hypocrisy. Aug- 
ust 24, 1903, at Hot Springs, Arkansas, Mr. 
Barret was married to Sara Monroe, daugh- 
ter of Gustavus Lane and Margaret Darling 
(Burch) Monroe, of Vicksburg, Mississippi. Mrs. 
Barret is the lineal descendant of President 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



941 



Monroe's first American ancestor. Andrew Mon- 
roe, Major of the Royal Army, who, after its 
defeat by Cromwell, at Preston, in 1648. came 
to America and settled in Westmoreland County, 
Virginia. Through her mother Mrs. Barret is 
descended from the distinguished Presbyterian 
divine, Rev. James K. Burch of Kentucky, 
grandson of James Kerr, a signer of the Albe- 
marle County Declaration of Independence in 
1779. Mr. and Mrs. Barrett have two sons. 
Robert Leighton Crawford, Jr., and Monroe. 



WASHINGTON COUNTY. 



ALFRED HOLT STONE of "Dunleith Plan- 
tation," Mississippi, Representative of Washing- 
ton County, was born in New Orleans. Oc- 
tober 16, 1870, the son of Hon. W. W. Stone 
and Eleanor Holt Stone of Washington County, 
Mississippi. His maternal grandfather. Dr. Al- 
fred C. Holt, was a delegate from Wilkinson 
County, Mississippi, to the Mississippi Secession 
Convention having been all his life a State's 
Rights Democrat of the staunchest and most 
ardent kind. After the Civil War he practiced 
medicine in New Orleans in wMch city he re- 
sided until his death. He was a gallant sol- 
dier of the Confederate Army and served 
throughout the War. His son, W. W. Stone, 
also served in the Army of the Confederacy and, 
like the father, remained in its service until 
the end. He was one of the mos. gallant de- 
fenders of the South during the Civil War and 
since peace has been restored to the two sec- 
tions, he is one of the truest advocates of union 
and harmony and is one of the most distin- 
guished citizens of the State. Just after the 
War, he removed to Washington County, where 
he has since engaged extensively in cotton 
planting. He has been a prominent figure in 
local and State politic for many years and was 
Auditor of Public Accounts of Mississippi from 
1885 to 1895. He has been a member of the 
State Legislatures for a number of terms and 
had the honor to assist in inaugurating ihe move- 
ment for the preservation of the Old Capitol, a 
work for which he labored until the object was 
accomplished. In 190 4 Senator Stone addressed 
the Legislature upon the subject asking that the 
building be preserved for historical purposes. 
Representative Alfred Holt Stone is a staunch 
advocate of his father's position, and had the 
pleasure of being 1 one of the leaders in the final 
effort for the preservation of the building. 



• f~ 



Alfred H. Stone 



942 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



Representative Stone, until a youth of six- 
teen, lived on a plantation and along with 
other opportunities for the study of many 
practical questions dealing with the welfare 
of a great agricultural section in the South, 
he was in a position to make a special study of 
the negro race, its characteristics and probable 
future development. Many able contributions to 
the literature of this subject have emanated "from 
his pen. Mr. Stone was educated at the University 
of Mississippi, taking special work in the lit- 
erary department. In 1901 he was graduated 
in law, which profession he practiced from 
1891 to 1895. He has also been in the fire 
insurance business, but his taste for outdoor 
life has always led him back to the farm. He 
is one of the leading planters of Mississippi and 
has been active in building up the agricultural 
interests of the State. His .deep interest in 
the further development of the State's resour- 
ces led him into the field of politics where, with 
his superior equipment for the serious work 
of State legislation, he is in a position to in- 
fluence all vital questions that concern the 
best progress of Mississippi. As a representa- 
tive in the 1916 session of the Legislature of 
1916-20, he was a leader in all the best move- 
ments that came before that body. No abler 
representative of the people has appeared in 
the public life of the State and few have com- 
bined more ability with as high standards of 
clean, upright manhood. He would fill with 
exceptionable ability any position within the 
gift of the people. Mr. Stone is both sincere 
and fearless in his convictions and while fair 
and honorable to his opponents, he does not 
readily yield a position when assured that he 
is in the right. He is quiet, strong and imper- 
turable in the legislative halls and is thor- 
oughly prepared upon any subject that he dis- 
cusses. Caring little for newspaper notoriety 
and cheap flattery, he impresses one as having 
little need of such bolstering in oincial posi- 
tion. In addition to his wide knowledge and 
practical experience as a man of affairs, he is 
an author of note and has published a number of 
books and monographs. He is a member of the 
American Academy of Political and Social Science, 
the American Social Science Association, the South- 
ern History Association, the American Economic 
Association, and the Mississippi Historical Society. 
He is a member of the committee of five appointed 
at the Detroit meeting of the American Economic 
Association, to investigate and report upon the "Eco- 
nomic Condition of the American Negro." From 
June, 1900, to June, 1901, he edited the Greenville 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



943 



Times. He has contributed a valuable article to 
the Mississippi Historical Society entitled "The 
Early Slave Laws of Mississippi." In 1896. he 
was married to Mary Bailey Ireys. Mrs. Stone 
is the daughter of H. T. Ireys and Bettie Taylor 
Ireys, of Greenville, Mississippi. Representative 
Stone serves on the following committees: Edu- 
cation; Mississippi Levees; Public Buildings and 
Grounds; Insurance. 



ALEXANDER GALLATIN PAXTOX of Green- 
ville, Representative from Washington County, 
was born near Areola in that County. January 
16, 1858. His father was Andrew Jackson Pax- 
ton, son of Elisha and Rachael (McNutt) Paxton, 
who lived near Lexington, Rockbridge County, 
Virginia. His father served throughout the 
Civil War in the supply department of Lee's 
Army, under his brother. James Gardner Pax- 
ton, who was Major Quartermaster. The Pax- 
tons are of a distinguished family. They are 
descended from James Paxton, who was a col- 
onel in the army of Oliver Cromwell and assisted 
at the execution of Charles First. James Gard- 
ner Paxton was builder and first President of 
the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad. Brigadier 
General Elisha Franklin Paxton was staff officer 
under Stonewall Jackson, and was later pro- 
moted to Brigadier General of Stonewall Bri- 
gade. The mother of Sam Houston, famous pio- 
neer, Governor of Tennessee and Governor of 
Texas, was a Paxton. Among Representative 
Paxton's noted relatives on the McNutt side was 
Gov. Alexander G. McNutt, his greatuncle. The 
mother of the subject of our sketch was Hannah 
Mary (Beasley) Faxton. daughter of John Beasley 
of Jackson, Miss. Mr. Paxton obtained his early 
education in a private school on Deer Creek 
and in the public schools of his county. In. 1873 
he attended the University of Mississippi, and 
later entered the Washington & Lee University 
of Virginia, from which he was graduated as a 
lawyer in 1880, tying for second honors. He 
then began to practise at Indianola, Mississippi, 
later removing to Vicksburg and finally to 
Greenville. As a lawyer Mr. Paxton has given 
especial attention to land litigation, a field in 
which he has been very successful. His life, 
previous to his election to the legislature, had 
been spent in civil pursuits. He opened and 
built up three cotton plantations, and was in- 
strumental in relieving cotton planters from oil 
mill trusts. He also established in Greenville 
the Mississippi Delta Cotton Corporation, for 
the purpose of helping to reform methods of the 




Alexander G. Faxton 



$44 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



sale of cotton. He enjoys the peculiar distinc- 
tion of having been elected to the Legislature 
without his knowledge or solicitation and with- 
out opposition. Mr. Paxton is one of the best 
men in every sense of the word in die public ser- 
vice of the state. For the term of 1916-19 20 he 
has been placed on the following committees : Ju- 
diciary ; Ways and Means : Mississippi Levees. Mr. 
Paxton is a Democrat, a member of the Methodist 
Church, and belongs to the Knights of Pythias. 
Elks and Woodmen of the World. His first wife 
was Mary Xoland, to whom he was married Dec- 
ember 12, 1882. She is the daughter of Hal P. 
and Annie Aldridge Noland of Hickory Tree, War- 
ren County, Mississippi. His second wife was An- 
nie Buie, to whom he was married May 3, 1893, at 
Brookhaven, Mississippi. She is the daughter of 
Joseph Paisley Buie and Elizabeth (Millsaps) 
Buie, sister of R. W. Millsaps of Jackson, Missis- 
sippi. The children of the first marriage are : 
Annie Aldridge, Jennie Ruth, Mary Xoland, and 
Lucy Aldridge ; and of the second marriage, Josie 
Elise, Alexander Gallatin. Dorothy, John McXutt. 
and Frances Houston. 




Walter S. Knotts 



WALTER SCOTT KXOTTS who resides at Bel- 
zoni, Mississippi, and represents Washington 
County, was born in Byholia, Marshall County, 
Mississippi, May 18, 1871. His father, James 
Milton Knotts, was a Xorth Carolinian, born 
in Lilesville, Anderson County, and lived for a time 
at Wadesboro, Xorth Carolina, then at Cheran, 
South Carolina, and finally settled in Memphis, 
Tennessee, where he was in business for a number 
of years. He was a captain in the Confederate 
Army, and rendered faithful service throughout the 
entire four years of the Civil War. The mother of 
Walter Scott Knotts was, prior to her marriage, 
Elizabeth Penelope. Tyson. She was the daughter 
of Horation and Caroline Matilda Tyson, who 
lived at Byhalia. Mr. Scott's maternal ancestors 
were also natives of Xorth Carolina ; his grand- 
parents came to Mi».si«sippi from Richmond County, 
North Carolina before the Civil War. Mr. Knotts 
completed his high school course at Waverly In- 
stitute, Byhalia, and later became a student in the 
literary department of the University of Mississippi. 
He then took up the study of law. and in 190 7 
was admitted to the bar, at Greenville. Mississippi. 
In the same year he opened his office in Belzoni. 
where he ba.s since enjoyed a steadily increasing 
practice. He. also, has considerable planting in- 
terests n-ar Belzoni, as well as bu.-ir.ess interest 
in, the City. As a successful professional and 
business man, he is well suited to hold public po- 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 945 



i 



sition and has served as Clerk and Treasurer, Al- 
derman and Mayor (for two terms). In 1915 he 
was the peoples choice for representative : was 
elected to the Legislature for the term 1916-1920. 
He is independent of political factions and labors 
for the good of the whole state, and has al- 
ready performed service of a high grade upon 
the following committees : Judiciary ; Educa- 
tion ; Claims; Mississippi Levies; Banks and Bank- 
ing. Mr. Knotts is a member of the Democratic- 
Party and of the Methodist Church, the church of 
his parents. He is a member of the board of 
Stewards. He is a Mason and a Knight of Pythias 
and wields a strong influence in his community and 
section in all matters pertaining to the public good. 
On May 23. 1899. he was married to Annie Owen 
in Byhalia, Mississippi. She is the daughter of 
Christopher and Georgia (Mims) Bowen, of Chul- 
ahoma, Marshall County, Mississippi. They have 
five children ; Edward Bowden. Elizabeth, Walter 
Christopher, Sarah and Georgia. 



WAYNE COUNTY. 

GROVER CLEVELAND CLARK whose address 
is R. F. D. No. 2, Heidelberg, Mississippi, repre- 
sents Wayne County in tne Lower House. He is '*$$*"&$&% 
the son of Thomas Jefferson. Clark and Mattie g 
Drusilla Clark, and was born September 22, 1887, £ 
at Eucutta, in Wayne County. His father was also I *' 2& «**-. "3 
born at Eucutta and lived there all his life, en- r. ^^ . g 
gaged in farming. His parents were George W. 
and Emaline Tiner Clark. George W. Clark came 
to Mississippi from South Carolina in 1833. His 
ancestors were English ; they came to America | \ 
about the middle of the 18th Century, and helped 
to wrest America from British control. His wife, 
Emaline (Tiner) Clark, was born and reared in 
Tennessee. At the outbreak of the Civil War Grover C. Clark 
George W. Clark enlisted as a Confederate 
soldier ; but as he was severely wounded 
a short time thereafter ne could do little 
actual service, although he contributed in various 
ways to the Confederate cause, to which he was 
ardently devoted. The maiden name of Represen- 
tative Clark's mother was Mattie Drusilla Thomas : 
she was the daughter of John and Martha (Merrill) 
Thomas, of Heidelberg, Mississippi. The family 
are of English descent. John Thomas came to 
Mississippi with his father in 1832. Mr. Clark se- 
cured his early education at Eucutta and Metvin. 
Mississippi. He afterwards attended Miilsaps Col- 
lege from 1902 to 1907, graduating with the B. S. 

60— M 




946 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



degree as an honor student. He was President of 
the Lamar Literary Society and President of his 
class, and won medals in oratorical contests. In 
addition to his college work he took a course of 
professional training- at Hattiesburg Normal Col- 
lege to fit himself for teaching. Since then he has 
done very successful work in that profession, hav- 
ing taught in the High School at Magee, Mississippi 
(1912-1914), for a time in the Waynesboro High 
School, and being now Principal of Pieasa'nt Grove 
Consolidated Schools. He was elected to serve in 
the State Legislature from 1916 to 19 20. and while 
economical in his views of State expenditures, he is 
just to every institution, and has given many 
evidence ' of superior ability in his work on 
the following committees : Ways and Means ; 
Education ; Local and Private Legislation ; Fees 
and Salaries. Mr. Clark is a Democrat and 
a member of the Baptist Church, in which he is 
Sunday School teacher. He belongs to the Mason*, 
and the Kappa Sigma fraternity. Along with the 
other young men in the State he is a patriotic and 
enthusiastic supporter of Americas cause in the 
war with Germany. June 12, 1912, at Jackson, 
Mississippi, he was married to Miss Charlie Nimmo, 
daughter of Charles and Minnie (Van Hook) 
Nimmo of that City. Her paternal great-grand- 
father- came from England in early colonial times, 
and her maternal ancestors came from Holland. 
Her grandfather, M. A. Van Hook, was a com- 
mission merchant of Mobile, Alabama, who moved 
to Jackson after the War, where he lived until his 
death. Mr. and Mrs. Clark have two children, 
Hazel and Grover Cleveland, Jr. 



WEBSTER COUNTY. 




Solon S. Gore 



SOLON STREETER GORE of Embry, Repre- 
sentative from Webster County, was born May 
6. 1888. at Cadaratta. Webster County, Mississippi. 
He belongs by hereditv to the professional cla^s. 
His father, William "Wesley Gore, a native of Fick- 
ensville, Pickens County, Alabama, was a Doctor of 
Medicine. His grandfather, the Reverend Ezekiel 
Gore, was a Methodist Minister. Rev. Gore mar- 
ried a Miss Mary Green. The Gore family has 
been a distinguished one in polities, and promi- 
nent in the professions. Solon Streeter Gore's 
mother was born in Mississippi ; h^r maiden name 
was Sallie Carver, and she was the daughter of 
William and Lucy (Calloway) Carver, of Cadar- 
etta. Representative Gore obtained his early edu- 
cation in the free schools of his native county, 



LEGISLATIVE department 



947 



He later attended Henderson College in Tennessee. 
and is well equipped intellectually for his life 
work. Mr. Gore has been both a farmer and a 
teacher, and is one of the most brilliant orators 
of his section He taught from 1910 to 1914, three 
years in AVebster and one in Quitman Counties. 
and has been very successful in that profession. 
In 1915 he entered political life as a member of 
the Legislature. As he is one of the younger 
members, his career lies before him and he is ex- 
pected to accomplish something of value to his 
state. While partisan in his political affiliations 
he never takes an undue advantage of his op- 
ponents. He has served ably upon the Committees 
of: Agriculture; Education; Engrossed Bills; 
Municipalities ; Drainage. He is as yet unmarried. 



WILKINSON COUNTY. 



JAMES ROBERT HUTCHES ON of Centerville, 
Mississippi, Representative from Wilkinson County, 
was born on a farm near Centerville, January 23,' 
1872. His father, John Williams Hutcheson, son 
of Dr. Charles A. Hutcheson and Elizabeth West- 
wood (Williams) Hutcheson. was born in Hardi- 
man County, Tenn., in 1835, but in 1838 removed 
with his parents to Holly Springs, 'Marshall County, 
Mississippi. He was reared in that County, but 
in 1858 removed to Wilkinson County, where he 
has lived ever since. His paternal grandparents 
were Virginians, and were of Scotch and Irish 
descent. His maternal grandparents, William Ealy 
Williams and Martha (Haynes) Williams of North 
Carolina, were the good old ancestry of Welsh and 
English. In September, 1861, John W. Hutcheson 
enlisted in Captain Sam Norwood's Company of 
Homeguards, and remained with it until March, 
1862, when he joined Company A of the 27th Louis- 
iana Infantry, went into active service, was finally 
raised to the rank of Second Lieutenant, and servea 
until the surrender. After the War he took an 
active part in ridding his county of carpet bag 
and radical rule. The mother of Representative 
Hutcheson was, prior to her marriage, Charlotte 
Virginia Scudder. daughter of Thomas and Eliza- 
beth Scudder. Thomas Scudder was born in Ten- 
nessee in 1793, and served in the War of 1812 
under General Jackson; his wife was a native of 
Columbia, South Carolina. James Robert Hutche- 
son was a happy farmer boy, who spent his time 
out of school in plowing and helping on the 
farm. He obtained his education in the pubhc 




James R. Hutcheson 



948 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



schools of his County. When he was eighteen 
he began to alternare his farm work with 
clerking- in a store in the fall and winter months. 
In 189S he enlisted as a soldier in the Spanish- 
American War, and was sent to camp at Chick- 
amauga, where he remained until the close of 
the War, receiving his discharge at Columbia. 
Tenn. Since' that time he has been engaged in 
farm work and also in the mercantile business. 
He served a term very acceptably as Justice of 
the Peace of the Third District of his County and 
became popular with the people, which led' to his 
entrance inco politics. In 1915 he was elected to 
the House of Representatives, where he is earn- 
ing a well merited reputation for thoughtfulness 
and care in dealing with public questions concern- 
ing the welfare of the state. He is performing 
excellent work on the following committees : Ways 
and Means ; Corporations : Registrations and Elec- 
tions ; Federal Relations and Liquor Traffic. Mr. 
Hutcheson was married January 2, 190 4, to Carrie 
Louise McGraw, the only child of Robert A. and 
Mary E. McGraw. By this union there are two 
children, Robert Earle, and Mary Estelle. 




C. T. Netterville, Jr. 



CHARLES THOMAS NETTERVILLE, JR., of 
Wilkinson. Representative from Wilkinson County, 
was born at that place March 24, 1890. His parents 
are Charles Thomas Netterville, Sr., and Addie 
(Carter) Netterville, of Wilkinson. His father is 
also a native of Wilkinson, and lived there all his 
life, following the occupation of farming. For twelve 
years he was a member of the Board of Supervisors 
of his county, and afterwards held the office of post- 
master until his death. His parents were Jessie and 
Mary- Lanehart Netterville of Wilkinson. The Net- 
tervilles are among the oldest families of their 
County. The great grandfather of the subject of 
this sketch, Tom Netterville, came with his wife and 
two brothers from Ireland, and settled in Wilkinson. 
Addie (Carter) Netterville, mother of Representa- 
tive Netterville was the daughter of Nemirah Carter 
and Sarah Lanehart Carter of Wilkinson. Mr. Net- 
terville obtained his early education in the rural 
schools of Wilkinson, where he was inspired with 
an ambition for further knowledge. At the age of 
seventeen he left home to seek a higher education. 
He went to Nashville. Tennessee, where he worked 
his way through school for five and a half years. 
This gave him a good equipment for a practical 
business life in various pursuits. He has since 
been engaged in the occupation of firming and in 



the mercanti 
postmaster. 



e bu 
His 



siness, and has held the office of 
influence in his community en- 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 949 



abled him to obtain a higher position and in 
1915 he was elected a member of the State Legis- 
lature, where as one of the younger members 
he has shown very promising ability in connection 
with his work on the following committees: Agri- 
culture ; Railroads ; Census and Apportionment : 
Registrations and Elections. Mr. Xetterville is an 
elder, is a great church worker, and brought about 
the building of his home church. He is also a 
Mason. September 2 2, 1912. near Wilkinson, he 
was married to Jennie McCraine. daughter of Wal- 
ter and Ellen McXeely McCraine of Gloster, Missis- 
sippi. They have one child, Rush Edwards. 



WINSTON COUNTY. 

FRANK McGEHEE GLENN of Noxapater, Rep- 
resentative from Winston Countv, was born in 
Singleton in that County, December 30. 1871. His . ^~ 

father, Thomas Alexander Glenn, was a native of f 

Newberry County, South Carolina, but had re- 
moved to Singleton. Mississippi, before the birth of 
his son. The maiden name of Frank McGehe*- 
Glenn's mother was Mary Francis Johnson. She ~ . 

was the daughter of Wesley Johnson of Singleton. 
Mr. Glenn's ancestors were Scotch-Irish and came k 
to America in the days of the colonies and were 
ardent believers in liberty and Democratic ideals. f 
Mr. Glenn obtained his education in the public fe^^^^L 
schools of "Winston County. He did not attend 

college, preferring to enter the business world. Frank McG. Glenn 

in which he has had a successful career. He be- 
came a merchant, a member of the firm of Glenn 
& Glenn, of Noxapater. where he is still engaged 
in that work. He is among the most influential 
men of his County ; is public spirited and helpful 
in his community. Mr. Glenn served as Mayor 
of Noxapater from 1906 to 1912. During his term 
of office he gained the full confidence Of the people 
and in 1915 was presented as a candidate for the 
office of State Legislator* to which he was elected 
for the term of 131G-1920. His record in that 
body shows that he is a man of mature judgment, 
wide practical experience, and integrity of 
purpose. He is a valuable member of the 
following committees ; Manufactures ; Roads, Fer- 
ries and Bridges ; Insurance ; He is a Dem- 
ocrat, a member of the Lutheran Church and 
is prominent in the Masonic Lodge. June 11, 1905 
he was married, at Mashulovilee, Noxubee County, 
to Anna Lois Watkins. daughter of J. M. and Ida 
Lipscomb Watkins of Mashuloviee, Mississippi. 



950 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



Their children are, Frank Milton. Rupert Sidney, 
and Mary Francis. 



YALOBUSHA COUNTY 




'^m^r-y-r -^- ■,■■'■'-■■■ -^^w^« GEORGE ELIAS DENLEY. of Coffeeville, repre- 

lajp, sentative from Yalobusha County, was born August 

/'"*' 9, 1867. at Coles Creek. Mississippi. His father was 

James Denley. who was the son of Xicholus P. 
Denley and Sarah (Carter) Denley of South Mis- 
sissippi. He was born in Yalobusha County. 
and enlisted in the Confederate Army. August 9, 
1861, in Company D. 42nd Mississippi Regiment. 
and served with ardent devotion to the Southern 
cause throughout the entire War. His regiment 
took part in the campaigns fought in Maryland. 
Virginia and Pennsylvania. George Elias Denley's 
mother. Margaret (Sellers) Denley. was the daugh- 
ter of Phillip Sellers, of Coles Creek. Calhoun 
County, Mississippi. Representative Denley was 
educated in the free schools of his county, and at 
Coles Creek Academy, where he sp^nt one term. 
His chief occupation has always been farming. But 
from 1887 to 1889. and from 1896 to 1900 he taught 
school. Not content with success along these two 
lines, he became the successful proprietor and 
editor of the Coffeeville Courier, which he is con- 
ducting at the present time. He is also agent and 
district manager of the Lamar Life Insurance Com- 
pany and holds the responsible position of Trustee 
of the Yalobusha County Agricultural High School. 
From 1895 to 1899 he was Justice of the Peace, 
and from 1899 to 1907 he was an able member of 
the Board of Supervisors of his County. Mr. 
Denley is not only well equipped for public service 
but«his sterling qualities and steadfast purpose in 
contending- for the right makes him a safe servant 
of the people. Elected to the State Legislature in 
1915. he was placed upon the committees on Muni- 
cipalities, where he has faithfully served his con- 
stituents. Mr. Denley is a Democrat, and Treasurer 
and Deacon of the Baptist Church. He belongs to 
the Masons and the Woodmen of the World. 
January 7. 1892. he was married, near Coffeeville. 
Mississippi, to Martha Ellen Williams, daughter of 
George W. and Martha Ellen (Vanhoozer) Williams 
of Yalobusha County. Mr. and Mrs. Denley have a 
large and interesting family of children, whose 
names are as follows : Martha Essie, Margaret 
Bessie. Chester Lamar, Mary Jessie. Gladys Ethel. 
Sellers Vanhoozer, Nellie Tolise. Evelyn Grace. 
Gerald Hamilton, and George Edwin. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



951 



WILLIAM ALVA XOLEX. representative from 
Yalobusha County, resides at Water Valley, Missis- 
sippi. He was born just after the close of the 
Civil War, (on July 28. 186.")). at Choctow, in what 
is now Webster County, Mississippi. His father. 
Samuel Lafayette Xolen, son of John Xolen and 
Nancy (Rucker) Xolen of Franklin County, Ala- 
bama, was born in that County, June 1. 1827. In 
1838 he removed from Alabama to Mississippi. Dur- 
ing- the War he served continuously for four years 
in a regiment of Confederate Infantry. Mr. Xolen 
is of pure Irish descent, a strain of blood that has 
enriched the population of America since the early 
Colonial days. His great-grandfather Xolen came 
from Ireland to the United States in the latter part 
of the 18th Century, and at about the same time 
came also his maternal great-grandfather, whose 
name was McGaughy. His son. James McGaughy, 
was married to Miss Martha Xorton, and ii'^ed in 
Lawrence County. Alabama. Their daughter, 
Pricey Jane McGaughy. became the wife of Samuel 
L. Nolen. and the 1 mother of the subject of tills 
sketch. William Alva Xolen obtained his education 
in the public schools of his Couniv, where he was 
prepared for a successful business career. Until 
1904 he followed the occupation of farming; in 
that year he decided to enter the mercantile busi- 
ness, in which he has since been engaged. From 
1900 to 1908 he was Tax Assessor of his County, 
an office which he filled to the satisfaction of all 
concerned. He is one of the influential men in his 
County and his deep interest in the affairs of 
state made him an available candidate for higher 
office. In 1915 he was brought out by the people 
and was elected to the Lower House of the State 
Legislature. He represents his people ably and 
faithfully, and has served with integrity and 
ability upon the following committees: Elee- 
mosynary Institutions ; Penitentiary : County Af- 
fairs ; Federal Relations. Mr. Xolen is a staunch 
member of the Democratic Party, a Deacon in the 
Christian Church, Superintendent of the Sunday 
School, and a member of the Knights of Pythias and 
the Woodmen of the World. He was married to 
Jennie Lee Corley in 1891. She was the daughter 
of James and Bettie (Strahan) Corley of Copiah 
County, Mississippi. In 1904 she died, leaving one 
child, James Howard Xolen. In 1907 Mr. Nolen 
was again married. His second wife was Mary 
Alice Pears, daughter of George Pears and Evalina 
(Hyde) Pears, of Water Valley, Mississippi. 
George Fears was an Englishman by birth. He 
was born in Warwickshire in 1852 and in 1874 im- 
migrated to United States, settling in Lafayette 
r'ounty, Mississippi. 




William A. Xolen 



951 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT. 



YAZOO COUNTY 




■ 



* ■- -"3* f^'- 




Benjamin F. Roberts 



BENJAMIN FRANKLIN ROBERTS, of Sa- 
tartia, representative from the County of Yazoo, 
was born in Benton County. Alabama. December 
29, 1S49. He is the son of John I. Roberts, 
who removed from Alabama to Attala County. 
Mississippi, in 1853. when Benjamin Franklin 
was a child of four years. John I. Roberts was 
for some time a magistrate of Attala County. 
When the Civil War broke out he enliste'd in the 
30th Mississippi Regiment of Infantry, C. S. A. 
He was First Lieutenant of Company D, and served 
with much gallantry in the many engagements in 
which his Regiment took part. The Roberts first 
settled in Virginia, and was one of the prominent 
families of the Province. Step Roberts, grand- 
father of B. F. Roberts, went from that State to 
Georgia. His wife's maiden name was Ellen Burges. 
It was while they were living in Georgia that their 
son, John I. Roberts, was born. Mr. Roberts' 
mother, Cressie (Barnett) Roberts, was the daugh- 
ter of Uriah and Kazia Barnett. Bearing the name 
of Benjamin Franklin, he has all the rugged 
honesty and purity of purpose of that great 
American patriot. He received his early education 
in the public schools of Attala and Leak Coun- 
ties. He has devoted himself for the most part 
to the occupation of farming. From 1905 to 
1916 he ably filled the office of Justice of the 
Peace of Beat 1, Yazoo County. Having become 
very popular in his County, he was elected to 
the Legislature in 1915, for the term of 1916-20, 
and was made a member of the following commit- 
tees, on w-hich he has served diligently and for the 
best interests of the State and with fairness and 
justice to all State Institutions : Appropriations : 
Mississippi Levees ; Public Printing ; Penitentiary : 
Pensions. Mr. Roberts belongs to the Democratic 
Party, and to the Order of the Woodmen of the 
World, and the Columbian Woodmen. He is a 
member of the Primitive Baptist Church. The 
wife of Representative Robert* was. prior to h^r 
marriage, Mary Ann Furr. daughter of Daniel and 
Lizzie (Brandon) Furr, of Lafayette County, Mis- 
sissippi. Daniel Furr served in the Mississippi State 
troops of the Confederacy during the Civil War. 
Mary Ann Furr was married to Mr. Roberts on 
June 22, 1873. in Attala County. Representative 
and Mrs. Roberts are the parents of a large and 
interesting family. The eldest is Joseph Eugene 
RoberLs. Following him in the order of birth are 
George Young, Lucy, Henry Ivison. Jessie. Eliza- 
beth. Mary- Alice, Lulu May and Mattie Leonn 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



953 



PATRICK CLAIBOURXE MEAGHER whose 
address is Route 1. Yazoo City. Yazoo County, was 
born at Dover in that County. February 18. 
1869. His father, Patrick Farrell Meagher, was 
born in the County of Tipperary. Ireland. After 
emigrating' from there to America he settled first 
at Shawn, Georgia, and In IB 5 5 removed to Missis- 
sippi. "When the call to arms came in 1861, he 
was loyal to his adopted State, which he served as 
a Confederate soldier. His parents were James and 
Mary (FarrelH Meagher, of Tipperary County in 
Ireland. On the maternal side. Mr. Meagher is 
also of Irish descent. His mother Maggie (Riley) 
Meagher, was the daughter of William and Mary 
Riley of West Mede. Ireland. Mr. Meagher ob- 
tained his education in the free schools of his com- 
munity. While never enjoying College advantages 
under the instruction of capable, conscientious 
teachers, he was prepared for a successful career. 
He is a farmer and dealer in cattle. His popularity 
and interest in oublic affairs led to his entrance 
Into politics. He has held the office of County 
Treasurer of Yazoo County, an office which he 
has filled with ability and sterling honesty. His 
term expired in 1916, January 1st. and he was 
elected in 1915 to the State Legislature. Though 
this is Mr. Meagher's first time in the Legisla- 
ture, he reflects great credit upon his constituency 
and he has served capably on the following com- 
mittees : Mississippi Levees ; Public Printing ; Elee- 
mosynary Institutions ; Insurance : Drainage. Mr. 
Meagher has always been a staunch Democrat 
His life has been devoted to the work of main- 
taining and upholding . the best ideals of the 
American government. He is a member of the 
Catiholic Church and the order of the Knights of 
Columbus. He has never married. 



0z 3L 




Patrick C. Meagher 



EXCELL COODY, of Phoenix, Mississippi, Repre- 
sentative from Yazoo County, was born November 
19, 1889, near Phoenix, but in the County of War- 
ren. Mississippi. His father. Walter Alexander 
Coody, was born near Phoenix, in Yazoo County. 
Hia parents were Archibald Stinson Coody and 
Georgia Howe Coody. Representative Coody'a 
maternal ancestors were also Mississippians for sev- 
eral generations. His mother, who was Carrie 
Rebecca Butts before her marriage, was the daugh- 
ter of Reden Butts and his wife. Sallie (Terrell 
Butts who lived near Phoenix in Warren County. 
After completing his elementary education, Mr. 
Coody attended the Phoenix High School. He then 
entered the Mississippi Heights Academy, of which 




Excell Coody 



954 LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



Professor J. E. Brown was President at that time 
and Professor M. E. Moffit was Dean, and was 
graduated in 1910. The year following his gradu- 
ation, Mr. Coody took up the profession of teach- 
ing, which he has followed successfully ever since. 
From 1911 to 1913 he taught in the public schools 
of Warren County, and in Yazoo County from 
1913-1915. In 1915 he was elected to represent 
his county in the lower house of the State Legisla- 
ture where he strives to be fair and just to every 
Interest of the State. He is openminded to ques- 
tions of public interest and is independent of 
political factions in questions of the State's wel- 
fare. He is one of the younger members of that 
body and has served on the following committees - . 
Constitution ; Mississippi Levees ; Eleemosynary In- 
stitutions ; Penitentiary ; Immigration & Labor. 
Representative Coody is a Democrat and a member 
of the Baptist Church. He is unmarried. 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



955 



FLOATER REPRESENTATIVES 

FRANKLIN AND LINCOLN 

FRED ARTHUR WRIGHT, floater represen- 
tative, has his home at Lucien, in Franklin 
County, Mississippi, and represents both that 
County and the County of Lincoln. He was born at 
Kennolia, Franklin County, May 21, 1S91. His 
father, James Ferdinand Wright, was also born 
at that place, and has lived there his entire life, 
except for the four years that he , served in the 
Confederate Army during the War between the \ 
States. He was a teacher for a number of years. 
The paternal grandparents of Fred Arthur Wright 
were Thomas Levi Wright and Elnor Wright, of 
Weight's Ford, Mississippi. The ancestors of the 
Wright family came to America in Colonial days 
and settled in Virginia. The descendants of the 
Virginian settlers came from that State to Frank- 
lin County, Mississippi, ard were among its most 
worthy and progressive families. Mr. Wright's 
mother prior to her marriage, was Miss Gertrude 
Chapman, daughter of Thomas S. Chapman and 
Sarah D. Chapman of "Wright's Ford. The 
Chapmans came from Ireland and were among 
the earliest settlers of Kentucky. The family 
removed from there directly to Franklin County, 
Mississippi. The great-great-grandparents of the 
subject of this sketch fought as patriot sol- 
diers in the Revolutionary War. Both his grand- 
parents were enlisted in the Confederate ranks in 
the Civil War, and served with great gallantry 
throughout the struggle. Representative Wright 
secured his early education in the rural public 
schools of FranElin County. He afterwards en- 
tered Mississippi College, and was graduated from 
there in 1916 with the degree of B. A. Before his 
graduation Mr. Wright had the unusual distinction 
of being elected to the State Legislature and is one 
of the strongest of the younger members of that 
body. Though firm in his convictions of right, he is 
in no wise a blind partisan and he always places the 
public welfare above party faction and divisions. 
His career in the Legislature is marked by a 
sense of justice to the various State institutions. 
Although he is one of the youngest men in that body 
he has already given promise of being one of its 
most capable and useful members and has served 
ably on the committees of : Appropriations ; Edu- 
cation ; Insurance. He is a Democrat, a Baptist, 
and a Woodman of the World. He is as yet un- 
married. 



S3 




Fred A. Wright 



556 



LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT 



TIPPAH AND BENTON" COUNTIES. 




Frederick B. Smith 



FREDERIC BROUGHER SMITH who repre-